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P. Thomas Stanford (Peter Thomas)
The Tragedy of the Negro in America: a Condensed History of the Enslavement, Sufferings, Emancipation, Present Condition and Progress of the Negro Race in the United States of America.
Boston, Mass.: Charles W. Wasto, 1897.
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REV. P. THOS. STANFORD. D.D., LL.D.

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Lynch Law and the Negro. [Petition]

MRS. HARRIET BEECHER STOWE,
AUTHOR OF "UNCLE TOM'S CABIN."

MRS. HARRIET BEECHER STOWE'S HOUSE,
IN WHICH SHE WROTE "UNCLE TOM'S CABIN."

MRS. HARRIET TUBMAN,
SHE ACTED AS A SPY FOR THE UNION ARMY.

HON. FREDERICK DOUGLASS.
THE NEGRO STATESMAN AND ORATOR.

JOHN BROWN.
PURITAN HERO, CHRISTIAN PHILOSOPHER, MARTYR
FOR THE SLAVES.

LAST MOMENTS OF JOHN BROWN

THE NEGRO AND HIS MANY DISADVANTAGES AND BURDENS

Whereas, On the Twenty-Second day of September, in the year of

our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Sixty-two, a Proclamation was issued by the President of the United States, containing, among other things the following, to wit:
"That on the First day of January, in the year of our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Sixty-Three, all persons held as Slaves within any State, or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforth, and FOREVER FREE, and the Executive Government of The United States, including the Military and Naval Authorities thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom.
"That the Executive will, on the First day of January aforesaid, by proclamation, designate the States and parts of States, if any, in which the people thereof respectively shall then be in rebellion against the United States, and the fact that any State, or the people thereof, shall on that day be in good faith represented in the Congress of the United States by members chosen thereto at elections wherein a majority of the qualified voters of such State shall have participated, shall, in the absence of strong countervailing testimony, be deemed conclusive evidence that such State and the people thereof are not then in rebellion against the United States."
Now, therefore, I, ABRAHAM LINCOLN,PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, by virtue of the power in me vested as COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE ARMY AND NAVY OF THE UNITED STATES in time of actual armed rebellion

against the authority and government of the United States, and as a fit and necessary war measure for suppressing said rebellion, do, on this First day of January, in the year of our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Sixty-Three, and in accordance with my purpose so to do, publicly proclaim for the full period of one hundred days from the day of the first above-mentioned order, and designate, as the States and parts of States wherein the people thereof respectively are this day in rebellion against the United States, the following, to wit:--Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, (except the Parishes of St. Bernard, Plaquemines, Jefferson, St. John, St. Charles, St. James, Ascension, Assumption, Terre Bonne, La Fourche, St. Mary, St. Martin, and Orleans, including the City of Orleans,) Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia, (except the forty-eight counties designated as West Virginia, and also the counties of Berkeley, Accomac, Northampton, Elizabeth City, York, Princess Ann, and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth,) and which excepted parts are for the present left precisely as if this Proclamation were not issued.

And by virtue of the power and for the purpose aforesaid, I do order and declare that ALL PERSONS HELD AS SLAVES within said designated States and parts of States ARE, AND HENCEFORWARD SHALL BE FREE! and that the Executive Government of the United States, including the Military and Naval Authorities thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of said persons.
And I hereby enjoin upon the people so declared to be free to abstain from all

violence, UNLESS IN NECESSARY SELF-DEFENCE; and I recommend to them that in all cases, when allowed, they LABOR FAITHFULLY FOR REASONABLE WAGES.
And I further declare and make known that such persons of suitable condition will be received into the armed service of the United States, to garrison forts, positions, stations, and other places, and to man vessels of all sorts in said service.
And upon this act, sincerely believed to be AN ACT OF JUSTICE, warranted by the Constitution, upon military necessity, I invoke the considerate judgment of mankind and the gracious favor of ALMIGHTY GOD! In Testimony Whereof, I have hereunto set my name, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. [L. S.] Done at the CITY OF WASHINGTON, this First day of January, in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Sixty-Three, and of the Independence of the United States the Eighty Seventh. By the President, Secretary of State.

CARPENTER SHOP, ORANGE PARK, FLORIDA.
SUSTAINED BY AMERICAN MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION.

LAUNDRY, STRAIGHT UNIVERSITY.
SUSTAINED BY AMERICAN MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION.

LYNCHING OF THE WAGGONER FAMILY IN TENNESSEE. 1893,
[FATHER, SON, SON IN LAW AND DAUGHTER] FOR NO KNOWN OFFENCE.

HON. JUDGE GEORGE L. RUFF.

EDWIN G. WALKER, ESQ., ATTORNEY AT LAW.
HE WAS ELECTED TO THE MASSACHUSETTS LEGISLATURE IN 1863 AND NOMINATED BY GENERAL BUTLER FOR THE POSITION OF JUDGE.

HOME SCHOOL, BERTHOLD, NORTH DAKOTA.
SUSTAINED BY AMERICAN MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION.

PLYMOUTH CHURCH. REV. HENRY WARD BEECHER SELLING A SLAVE.

MR. BOOKER T. WASHINGTON, A. M.
PRINCIPAL OF TUSKEGEE NORMAL SCHOOL, ALABAMA

GUADALUPE COLLEGE, SEGUINE, TEXAS.

HOWARD UNIVERSITY, WASHINGTON, D.C.

GRAND FOUNTAIN ASSURANCE HEAD OFFICE,
RICHMOND, VA.

OPEN AIR KINDERGARTEN. LISTENING TO THE BIRDS.
SUSTAINED BY AMERICAN MISSIONARY ASSOCIATION.