To Right Honble Edward Earle of Clarendon Lord High Chancellor of England George Duke of Albemarle Capt. Generall of all His Maties Forces in the Kingdome of England, Scotland and Ireland and Masterties Household Sir Wm. Berkeley Knt and Sir John Colleton Knt & Baronet the true and absolute Lords Proprietors of all the Province of Carolina
It is not presumption but duty which presents this Narrative howsoever rude & imperfect to soe illustrious I had rather say a Constellac̄on than a Corporac̄on The matter related was performed under your auspices in your Country and by your Servant. It measures to you my Lords (as his foot did Hercules) the greatnes of yor Sovereigns Giuft and to the world the greatnes of your trust and favour with him It shewes you in prospective how lastinge a renowne you may adde to your already most glorious names how boundles a grandeur to your longest posterity None indeede but God and the Kinge can move your hearts to doe theis great things for yourselves and nation Yet that such a nation be effected may and shall bee the prayers of
The Right Honoble the Lords Proprietors of the Province of Carolina in prosecuc̄on of his sacred Maties pious intenc̄ons of planting and civillizing there his domins and people of the Northerne America, wch Neighbour Southward on Virginia (by some called Florida (found out and discovered by Sr Sebastian Cabott in the yeare 1497 at the charges of H: 7: King of England co.) Constituted Sr John Yeamans Baronet their Lt Generall with ample powers for placing a Colony in some of the Rivers to the Southward and Westward of Cape St Romania who departing from the Island Barbadoes in Octob: 1665 in a Fly boate of about 150 Tonns accompanyed by a small Friggatt of his owne and a Sloope purchased by a Comon purse for the service of the Colonyes after they had been seperated by a great storme att Sea (wherein the Friggatt lost all her Masts and himselfe had like to have foundred and were all brought together againe in the beginning of November to an Anchor before the mouth of Charles River neere Cape Feare in the County of Clarendon, part of the same Province newly begunn to be peopled and within thet Genlls Comission They were after blowne from their Anchors by a suddaine violent Gust, the Fly boate Sr John was in narrowly escapeing the dangerous shoales of the Cape. But this proved but a short difference in their Fate, for returning with a favourable winde to a second viewe of the entrance into Charles River but destituted of all pilates (save their owne eyes (which the flattering Gale that conducted them did alsoe delude by covering the rough visage of their objected dangers with a thicke vaile of smoth waters) they stranded their vessell on the middle ground of the harbours mouth to the Westward of the Channell where the Ebbe presently left her and the wind with its owne multeplyed forces and the auxiliaryes of the tide of flood beate her to peeces. The persons were all saved by the neighborhood of the shore but the greatest part of their provision of victualls clothes &c: and of the Magazine of Armes powder and other Millitary furniture shipped by the Lords Proprietors for the defence of the designed settlement perished in the waters the Lt Genll purposed at first imediately to repaire his Friggatt which together with the Sloope gate safely into the River when the Fly boate was driven off) and to send her back to Barbados for recruity whilst himself in person attended the issue of that discovery which I and some other Gentlemen offered to make Southwards in the Sloope, But when the great and growing necessityes of the English Colony in Charles River (heightened by this disaster) begann clamourously to crave the use of the Sloope in a voyage to Virginia for their speedy reliefe, Sr John altered that his first resolution and permitting the sloope to goe to Virginia returned himself to Barbados in his Friggatt. Yett that the designe of the Southern Settlement might not wholy fall, Hee considered with the freighters of the sloope that in case she miscarryed in her Virginia voyage they should hire Captain Edward Stanyons vessell (then in there harbour but bound for Barbados) to performe the Discovery and left a comission with mee for the effecting it upon the returne of the Sloope or Stanion which should first happen.
The sloope in her comeing home from Virginia loaden with victuall being ready by reason of her extreeme rottennes in her timbers to Sinke was driven on shoare by a storme in the night on Cape looke out (the next head land to the north and Eastward of Cape Feare and about 20 Le: distant her men all saved except two and with many difficulties brought by their boate through the great Sound into Albemarle River neere the Island Roanoake (within this same Province of Carolina, to the English Plantation there—
Captain Stanyon in returning from Barbados weakly maned and without any second to himselfe driven to and agen on the seas for many weekes by contrary winds and conquered with care, vexation and watching lost his reason, and after many wild extravagances leapt over board in a frenzye leaveing his small Company and vessell (to the much more quiet and constant though but little more knowing and prudent conduct of a child, who yett assisted by a miraculous providence after many wanderings brought her safe to Charles River in Clarenden her desire port and haven.
I had now a vessell to performe my Southerne Expedition but disfurnished of a Master and none here skilled in navigation to be perswaded to the voyage, least therefore a worke so necessary to promote the settlement of this Province should be poorely left without an attempt, myselfe undertooke the office, though no better capacitated for it then a little reading in the Mathematicks had rendered mee with the helpe of a fewe observations made whilst a passenger in some late sea voyages to divest their Tedium.
On the 14th June 1666 I entered on my charge neare six months after the date of my Com̄ission (so long had theire various accidents detained mee) and on the 16th I left Charles River sayling Westward with a faire gale att East alongst that goodly and bold bay which on her two Capes Feare and Romania as on two hornes procures all dangers of flatts and shoales from her owne more gentle bosome. To make her yett more signall I named her Berkly Bay from the Right Honble John Lord Berkly and Sir William Berkly two of her noble Lords Proprietors.
I was accompanyed by Capt George Cary Lt Samuell Hardy Lt Joseph Woory Ens: Henry Brayne Ens: Richard Abrahall and Mr Tho: Giles and severall other Inhabitants of the County of Clarendon to the number of 17 besides myselfe (and the shipps company (which alas were but two men and a boy) with me I tooke a small shalloope of some three tonns belonging to the Lords Proprietors and appointed by the Lieut Generall for that service in which I placed Ens: Henry Brayne of some Experience in Sea matters and two other men) soe reserving eighteen of all sorts in the biggest vessell whose burden alsoe exceeds scarce fiveteene Tonns.
The 19th in the night it being very cloudy and darke and hee att our helme unawares bringing our vessell a Stayes wee lost Company of our Shalloope The 22th about 7 a clock in the morning wee made the land and a faire River to Leward of us (haveing beene driven out to sea by a Southwest winde from the 13 to the 21 when a strong easterly gale broughtt Harry Haven. It lyes about 32.d 3.m The markes to knowe it by as ye same come from Sea are theise, The North East side is a blufe land rounding from the River and stretching East into the Sea hence a ledge of breakers runn out South before the harbours mouth, on which wee borrowed when wee made such Shoale water in our Entrance, the Southwest side makes a sharpe lowe wet point bare of trees, a pretty way from the entrance West and then shews a hummocke or two of thicke shrubby trees from this point the Coast tends S. W. and then W. S. W. just within the entrance is a shewe of a faire Creeke on the Starboard side and another on the West or larbord side almost oposite from therd June I went with my boate into a Creek on the East shoare opposite to where the vessell rode a very faire and deepe Creeke or River goeing North and Easterly to appearance a long way being goune about a mile up I landed and according to my Instructions in presence of my company took a formall possession by turfe and twigg of that whole Country from the Lat: of 36 deg: North to 29d South and West to the South Seas by the name of the Province of Carolina For our Soveraine Lord Charles the Second King of England &c: his heires and successors and to the use of the Right Honble Edward Earle of Clarendon Geor: Duke of Albemarle, William Lord Craven, John Lord Berkley Anthony Lord Ashley Sir George Carteret Sir William Berkley and Sir John Colleton their heires and Assignes according to the Letters Pattents of our Soveraigne Lord the King. I ranged a little on either side this Creek passed through Severall Feilds of Maiz or Indian Corn, and following the guidance of a small path was brought to some of the Indians Habitations, I found all the land that I passed over whether I went back or alongst the side of the Creeke a rich fatt soyle black mould on the topp and under mixed with a soft redd marle (which and a stiff clay) I after found the most generall foundation of all the land noe swamp, noe sandy land on the outside of the Woods some single scattring Pine trees but of the sort which is called spruce. The rest and the Generallity of the timber being Oake, Maple, Ash, Walnutt Popler Bayes & the trees tall and streight but not very large growing closer together than I have seene in any other part of this Province The reason I guesse of their being so slender) They are for the most part a well seized building timber and some fewe wee sawe of oake and maple that would beare three or fowre foot over a very great burthen upon the ground and much of it of such groweths as wee know to be an excellent feeding for cattle and so thick and high that it made our travelling very tedious. The next day I went some miles up the maine Rivert Harvey Lt Woory Mr Thomas Giles and Mr Henry Woodward forwardly offring themselves to the service haveing alsoe some Indians aboard mee who constantly resided there night & day I permitted them to goe with this Shadoo they returned to mee the next morning with great comendations of their Entertainment but especially of thet Harvey on the seat by her, their relation gave myselfe a curiosity (they alsoe answering mee that it was not above foure miles off) to goe and see that Towne and takeing with mee Capt George Cary and a file of men I marched thither ward followed by a long traine of Indians of whome some or other alwayes presented himselfe to carry mee on his shoulders over any the branches or Creeks or plashy corners of Marshes in our way. This walk though it tend to the Southward of the West and consequently leads neere alongst the sea coast yett it opened to our view soe excellent a Country both for Wood land and Meadowes as gave singular satisfaction to all my Company Wee crossed one Meadow of not lesse then a thousand Acres all firme good land and as rich a soyll as any clothed with a fine grasse not passing knee deep but very thick sett and fully adorned with yeallow flowers. A pasture not inferior to any I have seene in England the wood land were all of the same sort both for timber and would with the best of those wee had ranged otherwhere and without alteration or abatement from their goodnes all the way of our march Being entered the Towne wee were conducted into a large house of a circular forme (their generall house of State) right against the entrance was a high seate of sufficient breadth for halfe a dozen persons on which sate the Cassique himselfe (vouchsafeing mee that favour) with his wife on his right hand (shee who had received those whome I had sent the evening before) he was an old man of a large stature and bone. Round the house from each side the throne quite to the entrance were lower benches filled with the whole rabble of men women and children, in the center of this house is kept a constant fire mounted on a great heape of Ashes and surrounded with little lowe formes Captain Cary and myselfe were placed in the higher seate on each side the Cassique and presented with skinns accompanied with their ceremonyes of Welcome and friendshipp (by stroaking our shoulders with their palms and sucking in theire breath the whilst) the Towne is scituated on the side or rather in the skirts of a faire forrest in which att severall distances are divers fields of Maiz with many little houses straglingly amongst them for the habitations of the particular families, On the East side and part of the South It hath a large Prospect over Meadows very spatious and delightfull, before the Doore of their Statehouse is a spacious walk rowed with trees on both sides tall & full branched, not much unliketh of June with the help of the tide of flood (the wind being contrary) I turned upp the River soe haveing oportunity to try the whole channell which I found generally mid and between that and six fathum deepe and bold home to each shoare till wee were come about 10 miles from the harbours mouth where the River was contracted between the marshes yett here (except in one or two places where some flatts narrowed the passage) wee seldom founde lesse then five fathum water. The river being narrowe and variously winding noe gale would att any time serve us long soe that wee were forced for the most part to towe through and that often against the winde which proved very tedious nor could wee passe but by day, which with lying two tides a ground to stopp some Leakes made it Sunday morning the first of July before wee came into the next Westerly River, and by it into the Sea again, Though by the Travers I tooke of our course I found it performable with light boates in one tide of flood and an Ebbe. The passage is generally betweene the River and Wood especially on the Island side on the East or Maine side of the Marsh is much narrower and in many places the river runns close under the banke of wood land which wee had the oportunityes to view and found it to continue its excellency without change or dimuntion, The Indians alsoe that inhabitt the Inner parts of it assuring us that it was all alike, The next Westerly River is a pretty faire river not lesse broad then Harvey Haven But its Channell more crooked narrow'd and Shallowe, the West side of itt (as wee found afterwards is but a necke of land haveing a
With the riseing of the morne I weighed and stood out to sea haveing an Easie Gale att N. E. and a Tide of Ebbe. My course out Lay S. E.d 25m or therabouts and may be known when you are in the very entrance by its Easterne point which is a very lowe point of Land bare of trees or other growth save a fewe stragling shrubbs, hence the River goe in N N W and N. W. b: N. a small Creeke running in East just within the point The Coast hence to the Eastward tends neerest E. b: N. with Sandy bayes and appeares even and bluffe with trees when you are in the offing the Westerne part of the Entrance lyes within as in a deep bay and beare from the East. point N. W. b: W. or W. N. W. about two miles It is a bare sandy bay with a fewe shrubbs next the River and thinn scattering Pine trees—more Southerly the Coast thence Westward tends S.S. W. and all between this and Jordan shewes with severall hummacks like broken land or Islands when you are off before itt and especially next to Port Perill appeares a wide opening as of a River but it is nothing but but bare sandy bayes or oyster bankes with lowe Marshes behind them Jordan or as wee now call it Yeamans harbour from the name of our Lt Generall opens about two leagues to the Westward of this between two bluffe lands from the Westermost of which the North East end of an Island which from Capt Cary wee named Cary Island) runns out E S E and makes all the Coast between it and Port Perrill lye in the forme of a deepe bay all betweene Yeamans Harbour and Port Perrill are shoales and foule ground which from the West Point of Port Perrill runne out S. E. before the mouth of Yeamans Harbour to almost an even range with the outermost face of Cary Island From the East Point of Port Perrill a Rowe of breakers range themselves parrallell with the Westerne shoales, and were the same which had like to have proved so fatall to us att our coming out thence neere a League within Port Perrill are three distinct groves of trees elevated on pretty high bankes with lowe Marshes in easy interval they lye neere E. and West and when you are soe farre south an Westerly as that the lowe sandy point off the Entrance wholy disappeares Theise shewe themselves as though the mouth of the River were betweene two bluffe lands with a round woody Island in the middle of itt, in steering in if you come from the South and Westward, keepe East in three fathum water till you bring
After wee were gott cleare of the sands the Ebbe being doune and the gale springing up wee made sayle and stood out to sea but wee were not got farre ere the wind shifted to South East and the flood sett soe strong into the narrowe bay that wee could neither board it out nor gaine to the Westward of the shoales which lye before Yeamans Harbour so to runne in there, wherefore I came to an Anchor in three fathum water till the Ebbe att least might helpe us to worke out against the winde whilest wee rode here wee espyed to our great rejoyceing the Shalloope whome wee lost the 19th of June in the night shee was come forth of Yeamans harbour and stood to and againe before the Southwest Coast betweene it and Cary Island to shewe herselfe not being able to come out to us for the same reason that kept us imbayed, wee alsoe fired a gunn and putt out our Colours to lett her knowe that wee sawe her but could not gett to her for the flatts that interposed.
To goe into Yeamans Harbour Hiltons direction is (and itt seemed true to mee as I lay before itt though I went not in) to goe in on the West side of the shoalings which are opposite to the mouth thereof and which are contiguous with the flatts of Port Perrill giveing a ledge of breakers that lye before the south west Cape of the Entrance a small birth and soe to steere in with the North East land of the Entrance and the least depth he sayes is two fathum att lowe water and soe upwards to six or seaven fathum when you come neere under the said Easterne land But I have understood since from Ens: Brayne that betweene that Lodge of breakers which lye before the South West Cape and the end of Cary Island is a Channell which hee affirmes has about three fathum water where shoalest which alsoe when you are past that lodge of breakers sett over to the North East land of the Harbours mouth The Ebbe nowe beginning to make wee weighed and plyed off to sea with some difficulty boarding it out of the dangerous and foule bay wherein still about three leagues from shoare the deepest water we could finde was scarce three fathum and in our turning wee generally into a fathum and a halfe on each side and this though it was high water, a place to be attempted with Care when
The morning was calm and soe continued till about two o'clock afternoon when a fresh gale sprang up att North East which in a short time opened to us Woory Bay and the mouth of Port Royall Woory Bay of Lt Woory is made by the South Westerly end of Cary Island and the Southermost Cape or headland without Port Royall (called from the first discoverer Hilton head which is the farthest land in sight as you come from the Northeast along by the end of Cary Island whence it beares neerest S. W. and is bluffe with trees large and tall which as you approach them seeme to looke their topps in the sea, Port Royall mouth opens in the bottome of this Bay neerest to the Westward side thereof the opening is wide little lesse then two leagues The Westermost land of it running out almost South to Hilton head and baying in like a halfe bent bowe makeing the West side of Woory bay from the East side of Port Royall the land tends away east Northerly into Giles streights (the passage on the backe side of Cary Island named soe from Mr Thomas Giles) and formes the bottum of Woory Bay Before this part of the Coast and the end of Cary Island in all the Easterly part of the bay. It shoales and very uneven ground unsafe to meddle with towards the Eastermost angle of it oposite to the entrace into Giles streights lyes a sand hill pretty high with some smaller about it visible a good distance off in comeing from the Westward as you part from Cary Island steere away S. W. with Hilton head and you will soon thwart the Channell of Port Royall which you will finde by the deepening of the water from five to seaven fathum and upward. It lyes neerer towards the West Land and runns in N. N. W. towards the Easterne land of the Entrance (by us called Albrahall point) haveing seldom so little as seaven fathum water all the way in. The shoales in the East part of the bay lye poynting out a good way to sea therefore it wilbe safe for shipps of burthen to keepe out till they have brought Hilton Head to beare about N. N. E. from them. When I had opened Woory Bay sayling S. W. along by the end of Cary
After a fewe houres stay to viewe the land about the Towne I retorned to my vessell and there found Ens: Brayne with his Shalloope come that morning through Brayne sound from Yeamans harbour att the mouth of which wee had seene him two dayes before Hee told mee that the same morning that I made Harvey haven hee came in with the shoare more to the Eastward and sayled along it till towards evening when hee entered Yeamans harbour supposing it Port Royall and not findeing mee there nor any knowledge of mee and guessing that I might be more Southerly hee came through to Port Royall and acquainted himselfe with Wommony the Cassique sonne (who had alsoe beene att Barbados) whom hee easily prevailed with to beare him Company from place to place into severall Creekes and branches betweene this and Yeamans harbour soe becomeing both his Guide and protection that he had by this meanes a large leasure and oportunity of veiwing all that part of the Country which he did soe loudly applaud for land and rivers That my Companies Comendations of Eddistowe could scarce out noise him,—sufficiently satisfyed with this relation (confirmed by those with him I resolved to loose him no time in a second search of that parte but to goe a tides worke up the maine River and see the body of the Country, and at my retorne to enter a faire Creeke on the West shoare opposite to where the vessell rode, and soe to viewe that side which Ens: Brayne had not medled with being the more desiroust Mathias, with the Flood therefore and a favourable fresh Gale of winde I sayled up the River In the shalloope neere thirty miles passed where it devides itselfe into two principall branches the Westermost of which I went upp and conceiving myselfe nowe high enough I landed, here I found the Ground presently within to rise into a pretty lull and as I ranged further I crossed severall fine falls and riseings of land and one brooke of sweete water which rann with a mourmoring course betweene two Hills a rarity towards the sea Coast (to which our former searches had beene confind in which wee had not seene any fresh water but in wells which Inconveniency was not to be borne with were it not to be healed by the easie sinking of Wells every where The land here was such as made us all conclude not only a possibility that Eddistowe might bee but a certainty that it was exceeded by the Country of Port Royall—Being fully tired with our March through a ranke growth of vines, bushes and grass which everywhere followed our leggs and proclaimed the richnes of the soyle I retired to my boate and with the Ebbe towards our vessell wee passed diverse faire Creekes on each side the river but entered none, haveing not much time to spare and being satisfyed by the sorts of wood wee sawe and the bankes that the land was all of like goodnes to what we had already veiwed only in one place the land seemeing lower than usuall and with a great mixture of pine (or rather spruce) I went in there and after I was somewhat within the woods found it very plashy and water standing everywhere in holes about ankell deepe or deeper caused as I thinke by the late raine which had fallen somewhat plentifully for there appeared no sign of constant swampis hues (as in the Cipresse swamps more northerly) nor anything that might discourage the manureing it. The morning was pretty faire spent ere I came downe to the vessell again wherefore I made haste and changed my Company and then crossed the River into that Westerne Creeke I spoke of which after three or fowre miles opened into a great sound full of Islands of different sizes Southward It went into the Sea by two or three out letts in our sight westward Wee still opened newe branches some bigger some lesse like those wee had already passed and found to crumble the Continent into Islands; I spent the remainder of this day and the best part of the next in this sound went a shoare on severall Islands found them as good firme land as any wee had seene, exceedingly timbred principally with live Oake and larger cedar and bay trees then any I had seene before on
Within night I retorned to the vessell and the next day being the 7th of July I took in some fresh water purposing that night to leave Port Royall and retorne homeward haveing in the discovery already made, exceeded all our own and therefore confident to answer all other Expectations besides each mans proper occasion hastened him and the consideration of the charge of the vessell hired att five and twenty pounds sterling per month made us earnest not to detaine for a minute of time unnecessarily. We alsoe designed our selves some daies to see the Country of Kywaha one of whose Inhabitants remained still with us for that onely purpose But a little before night the Cassique of Port Royall come aboard and brought with him a proper young fellowe whome hee made mee to understand to be his sisters sonne He demanded of mee when I would retorne thither and shewing mee the moone asked whether withinr Henry Woodward a chirurgeon had before I sett out assured mee his resolution to stay with the Indians if I should think convenient wherefore I resolved to stay till the morning to see if the Indians would remaine constant in this intention, according to which I purpose to treat further with them on the morrow therefore I went a shoare to their Towne took Woodward and the Indian with mee and in presence of all the Inhabitants of the place and of the fellows relations asked if they approved of his going along with mee, they all with one voyce consented after some pause I called the Cassique and another old man (his second in authority) and their wives and in sight and heareing of the whole Towne delivered Woodward into their charge, telling them that when I retorned I would require him att their hands they received him with such high Testimonyes of joy and thankfullness as hughely confirmed to me their great desire of our Friendshipp and Society. The Cassique placed Woodward by him upon the Throne and after lead him forth and shewed him a large field of Maiz which hee told him should be his, then hee brough him the sister of the Indian that I had with mee telling him that shee should tend him and dress his victualls and bee carefull of him that soe her brother might bee the better used amongst us—I stayed a while being wonderous civilly treated after their manner and giveing Woodward formall possession of the whole Country to hold as Tennant at Will of the Right Honble Lords Proprietors, I retorned aboard and imediately weighed and fell downe—
An Indian that came with mee from Eddistowe with Intention to goe noe further then Port Royall seeing the kindnes and mutuall obligation betweene us and the people of this place that his nation and tribe might bee within the League voluntarily offered himselfe to stay with mee alsoe
The 10th of July in the morning I was fayre before the River that leadeth into the Country of Kywaha but the Indian of the place who undertooke to bee my guide and stayed all this while with mee for that onely purpose would not know it to be the same but confidently and constantly affirmed to mee that it was more easterly and att length when I was almost neere enough to goe in with great assureance and Joy he shewed mee a head land not farre off about which he affirmed the entrance to bee. This confidence of his made mee stand away but by that time I had sayled some two leagues hee sawe his Error when it was too late, for nowe the winde was soe that I could not fetch the River againe and if it had been fayre I was sure not to enter it before night, and I did not like the Complexion of the Heavens soe well as to trye that night upon the Coast.
The River lyes in a Bay between Harvey Haven and Cape St Romana wherein wee found 7 or 8 fathum water very neere the shoare, and not the least appearance of shoales or dangers in any part of itt It shewes with a very faire large opening cleare of any flatts or barre in the Entrance onely before the Easterne Point wee sawe a breach but not farre out I perswade myselfe that it leads into an excellent Country both from the Comendation the Indians give itt and from what I sawe in my ranging on the Easterne part of Harvey Haven the next neighbouring land to this wherefore in hopes that it may prove worthy the Dignity I called it the River Ashley, from the Right Honble Anthony Lord Ashley and to take away every little remaine of forraigne title to this Province I blotted out the name of St Romane putt before the next Easterly Caper George Cartrett as hee is a Lord Proprietor of Carolina—
The 12th of July about noone I entered Charles River and before darke night landed at Charles Towne in the County of Clarendon to the great rejoyceing of our Friends who yett received not our persons more gratefully then they did the Sound Comendations which they heard from every one of us without one dissonant note of that never enough to be valued country which wee had seene and searcht in which may be found ample Seats for many thousands of our Nation in a sociable and comfortable vicinity secured from any possible generall and from all probable particle Massacres with such other accommodations to boote as scarce any place cann parralell in a clime perfectly temperate to make the habitation pleasant and where such a fertile soyle cannot faile to yeild soe great a variety of Productions as will not give an absolute selfe subsistance to the place without all manner of necessary forraigne dependance but alsoe reach a trade to the Kingdome of England as great as that shee has with all her neighboars and render our Soveraigne Lord the King within his owne Dominions and the Lands possessed by his Natural English subjects universall Monarch of the Traffique and Comodity of the whole World
For a further confirmation hereof take this Testimoniall given of this Country by the principall Gentlemen with mee in this Discovery who have attested under their hands as much as I have sayd and yett noe more than what thousands had they been there would alsoe have affirmed—
Wee whose names are hereunto subscribed having accompanied Lt Col: Robert Sandford in a voyage of Discovery on the Coast and Rivers of this province to the Southward and Westward of Cape St Romane as farre as the River Port Royall and being all of us persons well experienced in the nature and qualityes of the severall soyles in theise Regions and some of us by meanes of our Travells throughly acquainted with most parts of America Northerne and Southerne Continent and Islands Doe hereby declare and testefie to the whole World that the Country which we did and see from the river Grandy nowe Harvy Haven to Port Royall inclusive doth for richnes and fertillity of soyle for excellency of Rivers, havens, Creeks and Sounds for abundance of good Timber of diverse sorts and many other requisites both to land and sea building andth of July 1666.