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Field book of Alexander Irvine during the survey of the North Carolina/Virginia boundary
Irvine, Alexander
March 05, 1728 - October 26, 1728
Volume 02, Pages 799-815

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[B. P. R. O. B. T. Virginia. Vol. 18. R. 112.]
A JOURNAL OR FIELD BOOK OF THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE SURVEYORS APPOINTED FOR DETERMININGTHE BOUNDS BETWEEN THE COLONIES OF VIRGINIA AND CAROLINA.


Currituck March the 5th 172⅞.

They found a true Meridian Line by means of the Pole Star and the first in the Tail of the great Bear, from which the Needle varyed 3° towards the West, so that the due West line to be run was by the Needle N. 87° West.

6th They observed the sun's Meridional Altitude on the North shore of Currituck Inlet and found it to be 52° 25' 56" The suns Declination for that time 1° 3' 21" south so that the Latitude of Currituck Inlet is 36° 31' 13"

To shape the Inlet of Currituck they took the following distances and Bearings.

The first station was at the North end of the Bar.

The Course of the shore is N. 5° 30' W.

The South Point of the Inlet is S. 11° 10' E.

The inside point of the South side of the Inlet is S. 24° 10' W.

The South end of Dangers Island S. 50° 30' W.

The long Point of Nots Island is S. 24° 10' W.

The North End of Dangers Island is West.

A Pine being a single Tree on the high land N. 87° 20' W.

To the second station S. 40° W. 7 chains

To the 3d station S. 36 W. 8 chains

Bearings from the 3d Station.

The inside Point of the South side of the Inlet S. 21° 15' W.

The South Point of the Inlet S. 21° 45' E.

The South end of Dangers Island S. 55° 40' W.

The North end of Dangers N. 80° 30' W.

The North end of Notts Island N. 64° W.

The uttermost part of the Bay where our Camps are N. 63 W.

To a Pine N. 58° W.

To the 4th Station being the southermost point of the lands of the North shore S. 62° W. 8 chains.

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Bearings from the 4th station.

The outer part of the south side of the Inlet S. 32° 30' E.

The inward part of the south side of the Inlet S. 15° 15' W.

The South End of Dangers Island S. 55° W.

The North end of Notts Island over another Island N. 62° 45' W.

A Cedar up the Bay N. 56° 20' W.

From the 4th station to a Pine at the end of the Bluff on the North shore N. 42° 20' W. but they made two courses to wit N. 28° W. 17 chains and N. 67 W. 9 chains and 90 links.

Allong the Bay to the Landing Place N. 70° W. 6 chains.

Thence N. 44° 3' W. 4 chains to a sandy Beach.

Thence N. 87° 30' W. 8 chains & 40 links to a Pine.

Thence N. 84° 3 chains to a sandy Beach.

From the Sandy Beach a Cedar Bore N. 59° W.

From the Sandy Beach N. 60° 15' W. 800 links to an Holly.

From the Holly to the Cedar was 1474 Links.

7th From the 4th station to the stake from which the line begins, it is N. 28 W. 2 chains & 88 links.

This allowance was made for the advancement which the southermost point of the north side of the Inlet had made towards the south since the time of the agreement between Governor Spotswood and Eden for settling the Bounds.

From the Cedar stake where the line begins to the first station on Dangers Island the distance by protraction is

From the first station on Dangers Island the Cedar bore N. 7° 15' E.

The Holly N. 4° 10' E.

The little Pine on the Bluff N. 72° 30' E.

The old Camp S. 3° W.

From the first station to the second on the North end of Dangers Island 28 chains & 20 links.

From this station the Cedar bore N. 46° 40' E.

The Course of the Island is S. 57° W.

A point in Dangers N. 33° E.

From the second station on Dangers to a station on a point near Knights Point which is a part of Nott's Island the distance in the due west course by protraction is

From this station the little Pine on the Bluff bore N. 86° 15' E.

The Cedar N. 74° 30' E.

The East end of Malburns or Cedar Island N. 7° 20' W.

Another End of D. Island bore N. 17° 30' W.

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The North End of Nott's Island N. 30° 15' W.

Long Point bore S. 2° 30' E.

From this station in the due west course 15 chains to the first Line Tree being a Pine, thence in the due west course 2 chains and sixty five links to the East side of a Creek which makes out of Currituck Sound. Then they crost the Creek to a Bush which was set up in the Line, having first set up one on the East side of the Creek where it intersected with the Line, and proceeded to find its breadth. In order to which they run S. 33° 10' E. 20 chains and then the Brush on the East side of the Creek bore N. 64° 30' E.

The Breadth of this Creek by protraction is

The End of Cedar Island bore N. 2° 30' E.

The end of the Branch of Notts Island N. 44° 30' E.

8th From the west side of the Creek they continued the Line 45 chains to the East side of a great marsh. Then they took the following Bearings.

The north end of Notts Island S. 50° 30' W.

A Point in Cedar Island N. 15° E.

Another Point in Cedar Island N. 10° 30' E.

Morses Point on the main land S. 65 W.

Jones's Point which is a point in Notts Island S. 50° 30' W.

From the West side of Do Creek 100 chains. And the North end of Notts Island bore N. 41° E.

The south end of Cedar Island N. 29° E.

The north end of Do N. 21° 30' E.

Morses Point S. 58° 30' W.

Jones's Point in Notts Island S. 42° W.

From Do Creek 150 chains, and the north end of Notts Island bore N. 55° 40' E.

The south end of Cedar Island N. 40° E.

The north end of Do Island N. 30° 30' E.

Morses Point S. 50° W.

Jones's Point S. 54° 30' W.

From the west side of Do Creek 183 chains to the east side of Back Bay

Then the north end of Notts Island N. 61° 45' E.

Morses Point S. 42° 30' W.

Jones's Point S. 25° 30' W.

Then they set up a mark in the Line on the East side of the Bay, and proceeded to shape it and to find its breadth, in order to which

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They measured 60 chains allong the side of it to a few Trees by a Bridge, thence S. 84° W. 16 chains and 70 links to a Gall Bush, then the mark which was set up in the Line on the East side of the Bay bore N. 12° 45' E. Thence N. 50° 15' W. 96 chains and then the mark set up in the Line on the East side of the Bay, bore in the Line viz. 23° S.

In this Place there was a Cedar stake set up that the Line might be the better known.

From the Cedar stake which was set up in the Line on the West side of Back Bay they continued the Line 35 chains through a marsh to the high Lands and from Do Cedar stake 92 chains to a white oak where the Days work ended.

9th From the white oak 1 chain and 50 links to the main road, which bore of the Line near North and South.

The Plantations of the 2 Heaths S. 4° W.

From the white oak 15 chains to the Plantation of Richard Eiland.

From the white oak to the East side of North river 48 chains.

The Bearings taken from this place are

Morses Point S. 28° 15' E.

North River Point alias Gib's Point S. 46° 45' W.

The eastermost Point of a Marsh or the mouth of the River S. 30° E.

The westermost Point of Do Marsh S. 24° W.

Then they crost the river to a station on a Marsh on the West side of it and Gib's Point bore S. 6° W.

Morses Point S. 49° 15' E.

The west point of an island of Marsh in the mouth of the river S. 29° E.

The northermost point of Do Island S. 73° E.

Evans Point S. 29° 30' E.

John Heath's House S. 64° E.

James Heath's House S. 72° 30' E.

Then they proceeded to find the breadth of the river in order to which they run N. 10 W. 8 chains thence N. 24° 30' E. 25 chains then the station in the Line on the East side of the river S. 64° 30'

The breadth of the river is —— and its course near north. From the west side of north river they continued the Line 45 chains to a dead Pine and further 47 chains to a stake.

Here they were interrupted by a Beaver Dam, so that they could not proceed directly with the Line but were obliged to work a Traverse in order to find where it intersected the west side of the said Beaver Dam,

-------------------- page 803 --------------------
to do which they took the Bearings of two oaks on the high Lands which was S. 41° 40' W. then to find their distance S. 34° 45' E. and the dead Pine bore N. 41° E. the two oaks S. 63° 30' W. From the 2 oaks they run N. 87° W. 36 chains and 50 links, then N. 42° W. 31 chains, and having wrought their Traverse they found they must run N. 3° E. 680 links to intersect the Line. From the stake where the Traverse began to its intersection with the line the distance in the due west course is 81 chains and 40 links.

11th From the stake by the ash N. 3° E. 680 links to intersect the Line thence E. 3° S. 13 chains and 31 links backwards into the swamp.

From the intersection of the Traverse with the Line the due west course was continued 186 chains and 50 links to a swamp which made out of North West river which cross'd the Line at right angles.

From Do intersection to the west side of this swamp 195 chains.

From Do intersection to another swamp 300 chains.

From Do intersection to the west side of this swamp 305 chains. Here John Northerns bore N. W. 30 chains.

From hence being the east side of a Marsh bordering on North West river to a creek 10 chains which bore of the Line N. from hence 18 chains to another Branch of the same Creek from hence to North West river where the Creek entred the river 31 chains the name of this Creek is Weavers Creek.

12th To take the distance across the Creeks mouth & river they run S. 41 W. 7 chains and 30 links to a Pine from that Pine the station on the west side of North West river is found to be.

From a station on the west side of North West River the due west course was continued through a Marsh 40 chains.

From Do Station 55 chains and then a Plantation of the Widow Stuarts bore S. ¼ of a mile.

From Do Station 80 chains and Simon Halsteads bore North 10 chains.

From Do Station 95 chains and 25 links to another Plantation of Widow Stuarts.

From Do Station to the main road which leads from North West River Bridge 183 chains.

From this Place the River Bridge was judged to ly N. 17° W. distant about a mile.

From Do Station 193 chains to a swamp that run N. W. & S. E. From this Place Moses Benets S. 15 chains.

From Do Station 233 chains to a stooping red oak, from hence it is N. 10° W. half a mile to Peter Monks and about S. ¾ of a mile to Henry Bright's.

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13th From the Oak which was by a Path that leads from Peter Monks to Henry Brights the line was continued 80 chains, and then Andrew Macpherson's bore North about half a mile, 13 chains further and Richard Ballance bore N. ¼ of a mile and Henry Etheridge S. ½ of a mile.

From the oak by the Path 160 chains and Moses Lintons bore S. 45 W. 5 chains and William Etheridge South ½ mile. From Do oak 278 chains or three miles and 38 chains and then Wilkinsons bore N. E. Here the days work ended it being on the east side of the Dismal.

14th From a white oak on the east side of the Dismal 111 chains into the Dismal.

15th 95c and 50 links

16th 128 and 50

17th 00

18th 189

19th 141

20th 144

21st ..

22d ..

23d ..

24th ..

25th ..

26th 104

27th 120

28. 185 to the high lands. The measur'd breadth of the Dismal is 15 miles and 18 chains but they allow 18 chains for bad measure and therefore call its breadth only 15 miles.

On the high lands 25 chains to John Brinklys, here John Brinkly's bore N. ¼ of a mile and Peter Brinkly's S. W. about the same distance.

29th They continued the course of the Line 95 chains to a burnt Pine.

30th They continued the course of the Line 2 chains and 50 links to the road near at right angles with the Line, the road leads N. to the White marsh and south to the Horse Pool.

From the Burnt Pine 80 chains and John Somers bore south near ½ mile.

From Do Pine 120 chains and George Stallings bore S. ⅛ of a mile further 8 chains to the mill road which leads from Sumers to the Mill.

From Do Pine 150 chains and John Somer bore north 1 chain.

At 160 chains and 30 links from Do Pine was the mill swamp.

At 196 chains from Do Pine is the road from Elm swamp to white marsh, the course of the road is N. 30 E. towards white marsh and S. 30° W. to Elm Swamp, and to Woods Plantation ½ mile.

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At 270 chains from the beginning viz. the Burnt Pine and George House bore N. ¼ of a mile.

At 305 chains from Do Pine to Elm Swamp.

At 315 chains from Do Pine Alexr Everards bore North ⅓ of a mile.

At 365 chains from the beginning is the road from Abrhm Hills to Meads.

At 390 chains from Do burnt pine and they cross'd a Branch of Benets Creek.

At 405 chains from Do pine they came to John Nights Plantation, his house bore North.

At 437 chains from the burnt pine they cross'd a Road from Fornegans Bridge N. 10° E. to Mare Branch S. 10° W.

From the beginning 515 chains and Richard Parkers bore S. ⅓ of a mile. Here the days work ended it being 6 miles and 35 chains.

31. . . .

April 1st From the Place where they began this day to a fork of Beach swamp 110 chains Thos Oldham's in the Fork bore Northerly distant ¼ of a mile.

From Do to a branch of Beach swamp which makes the Fork 128 chains.

At 203 from Do into Beach swamp which bore of the Line N. & S. Dukes Mill is 4 miles lower down the swamp near to the Place where it enters Somerton Creek.

At 207 chains out of Beach swamp.

At 262 chains and fifty links from Do Abraham Hobb's bore N. ⅛ of a mile.

At 288 chains and 50 links from Do a main road which leads from Sarum to Somerton Chappel cross'd the Line N. & S. The road afterwards winds S. S. W. Somerton Chappel bore N. a mile and an half and stands upon the east side of the road.

At 325 chains from Do and John Cross bore N. 6 chains.

At 345 chains from Do into Beach swamp. the course of the swamp is N. W. to Dukes Mill. which stands upon the east side of the swamp.

From Do 352 chains and 50 links to the west side of Beach swamp.

At 400 chains into Beach swamp again. From the last place taken notice of to this the swamp runs Parallel to the Line.

From Do 410 chains out of Beach swamp again.

At 424 chains into a branch of Beach swamp.

At 519 chains from Do and John Purvis bore northerly ¼ of a mile, and Dukes mill N. W. ½ mile.

At 535 chains from Do Willm Spites bore N. ¼ of a mile.

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At 550 chains from Do and the road from Dukes mill to Sarum cut the Line at right angles.

At 572 chains from Do and the Line cross'd the road from Dukes Mill to Barnes's at N. E. & S. W.

At 580 chains from Do and Willm Spites senior bore N. W. 5 chains.

At 609 chains from Do the Line cut the road foom Dukes Mill to Barns's landing.

At 660 chains from Do to Beaver Dam swamp a branch of Somerton Creek.

At 675 chains from Do to the west side of Beaver Dam swamp about N. 60 W. ⅛ of a mile the swamp enters Somerton Creek and midway there is a bridge.

At 680 chains from Do the road from Dukes Mill to Barns's landing crossed the line at right angles.

At 809 chains Paul Pindars bore north 6 chains the Creek was 200 yards beyond the House.

At 870 chains from Do Richard Lee's bore north ¼ of a Mile.

At 913 chains or 11 miles and 33 chains to the east side of Somerton Creek where the days work ended.

2d From a station on the west side of Somerton Creek to a mark where the line intersected the east side of Do Creek N. 10° E. Then N. 56° 30' W. 11 chains and 30 links to the Line Tree on the west side of the creek.

These courses were taken to find the breadth of the creek.

From the station on the west side of the Creek from whence the two foregoing courses were taken the course of the Creek upwards is N. 48° W. and downwards it is S. 71° W. 3/16 of a mile. And from the Line Tree on the west side of the Creek its course upwards is N. for 10 chains.

From the line Tree on the west side of Somerton Creek they continued the line 72 chains and 30 links to Black water river From the west side of the Dismal to Black water river it is 20 miles 30 chains and 70 links.

Then they came down the river to the mouth of Nottoway, and having set up a stake on the east side of the River Nottoway they proceeded to find the breadth of the river and to join the stake with the point where the Line intersected Blackwater and thereby find how far they had come down the said river on a meridian Line, in order to comply with the directions in the agreement between the Colonies for settling the bounds. From the stake on the East side of the mouth of Nottoway river to a cypress on the west side of the North Point of the said river's mouth N. 87° W. Then N. 2 E. 12 chains and the cypress bore S. 59 W. thence

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N. 48° 30' E. 7 chains and 50 links thence N. 3° 30' W. 20 chains Thence N. 15° 30' E. 8 chains and 50 links to the Pissimmon where the line intersected the east side of Black water. The difference of Latitude between the Pissimmon and the stake on the east side of the mouth of Nottoway is 45 chains and 11 links.

Then they crossed over to the west side of Nottoway and to find its breadth they run S. 17° 30' E. 600 links And the Cypress bore N. 76° 30' E. then S. 66° E. 700 links And the Cypress bore N. 55° 30' E.

From the west side of Nottoway 13 chains thro' a Pockossen and at 40 chains from Do west side to the high Lands being an Indian old Field 40 chains.

In this place the variation of the needle was found to be 2° 30' west.

3d At 45 chains from the beginning place of this day John Lees bore S. ½ a mile.

At 65 chains from Do the head of Indian town Creek bore S. E.

At 142 chains and 50 links from Do is a main road bearing N. 20° E. of the line, it leads from James Williams's on Nottoway river three miles from the line, to John Cheshires on the north side of Meherrin 7 miles from the Line. James Williams's is two miles and an half from Nottoway river mouth.

At 150 chains from Do Valentine Brasswel bore N. 100 yds

At 150 chains from Do is a small branch of Indian Town Creek.

At 240 chains from Do John Williams' bore S. ¼ of a mile.

At 265 chains from Do Richard Williams bore N. ½ a mile.

At 542 chains from Do is a road from Dr Browns on the south side of Nottoway to John Cheshires on the North side of Meherrin.

At 640 chains from Do is a branch supposed to be Horse Pasture Creek making out of Meherrin river.

At 685 chains from Do John Barrets bore N. ¼ of a mile.

At 845 chains from Do Edward Chitty's bore south on the line.

At 935 chains from Do George Jackton bore N. ¼ of a mile.

At Do from Do Tho. Boon S. ¼ of a mile.

At 970 chains from Do James Monehams bore south 5 chains.

At 1022 chains and 50 links which is 12 miles 62 chains and 50 links to a Beach and Holly on Maherrin River

4th To find the breadth of Meherrin River they run N. 47° 30' W. 2 chains and 40 links then their station on the west side of Meherrin bore S. 53° 30' west.

The breadth of the river is from hence found to be 3 chains and 70 links, its course is N. E. & S. W.

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At 15 chains from the west side of Meherrin Carolus Anderson's bore S. 1 chain.

At 33 chains—To the river again

To find its breadth S. 37 W. 172 links Then the Line Tree on the west side of the river bore N. 46 W. The breadth is 260 links.

From this Line Tree 35 chains and Tho: Pitman's bore north ⅛ of a mile.

At 139 chains and 50 links is a path leading to Willm Kinchens which crossed the line.

From this Place it is S. 20° E. to the river, which is distant a mile.

At Do Tho. Thornton's bore S. 9 W. distant ½ mile.

At Do the widow Allen's bore N. 6 W. ¼ of a mile.

At 164 chains from Do to Meherrin River.

To find the distance between this place and where the Line intersected the west side of the river which was on the north side of a red oak they run S. 49° 15' W. 250 links, and the red oak bore N. 41° W. The Course of the river upwards N. 49° 15' E. and downwards for 2 and ½ chains S. 49° 15' W. then for 2 chains lower it is S. 20 W. then it turns short round to the left. The breadth of the river here is 340 links.

This day it was agreed by the Commissioners on both sides to proceed no further until the 10th day of September next ensuing.


September 20th 1728.

The meeting of the Commissioners for running the Line having by agreement been put off to this day they met at Kinchins accordingly

21. From a red and live oak on the west side of Meherrin river where the surveyors gave over running the line April the 4th 1728 They proceeded and run N. 87½ W. 12 chns. 50 links into Williams's orchard his house was S. 2 chns. 50 links.

At 124 ch: 50 links from the beginning viz. the red oak; Elias Brady's was N. 6 chains.

At 135 ch: from Do a main road from Brady's Ferry to Barnaby Mackinne's on Roanoake cut the line it is S. S. W. towards Roanoke and N. N. E. to the Ferry distant ¼ miler

At 140 chs 50 links to an Ashe on Meherrin River.

To find the Breadth of the river.

N. 25 W. over the river from which Place S. 80° W. 4 chs 50 lks. then S. 48° W. 2 chains 35 links to the Line.

Tho Breadth of the river here is 8 ch: 50 L.

From the west side of the river 60 chains

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John Suter's bore N. 4 chains.

From Do 135 chains to a white oak.

This days work including the river is 3 miles 44 chains.

22d Was Sunday

N. 87° ½ W.

23d From the white oak 41 ch: 50 links Jas. Turner's ¼ mile north.

At 80 chs from Do thro' Needham Brian's Plantation the river was south 100 yards.

At 92 chs: from Do Willm Hams was N. ¼ mile.

At 93 chains from Do the Line cut Meherrin River. To find the breadth of the river S. 9° 20' W. 2 chains down the river then N. 43 W. to our station on the other side.

The breadth of the river here is 2 ch: 25 links

From the west side of the river

At 32 chains John Simson's bore North 3 yards.

At 120 chs: William Deloches bore North ¼ mile

At 160 to cypress swamp N. 15° E. 30 chains to the mouth of it.

At 217 chains 50 links the mouth of Fontain's Creek bore N. ½ mile.

At 226 chs to a small Gum by an old Field of Wm Deloches adjoyning Fontain's Creek House N. 10 chains From the Gum N. 87½ W.

Day's work is 4 miles 1 ch. 25 L.

24th At 285 chains Arthur Jordan's N. 5 chains.

At 464 chs N. ¼ mile James Jordans.

At 573 chs to a Hickory. Here Alex: Southerland's was E. N. E. 35 chs and from Alex: Southerland's Mary Jordans was East 40 chains.

This day's work is 7 miles 13 chains.

25th N. 87½ W. from the Hickory.

At 66 chains is the division line of Isle of Wight County from Brunswick. The line of division is N. to Meherrin River, which is judged to be 11 miles distant.

At 85 chs to the middle of Jack's swamp which was 8 chs wide.

At 1 mile 38 chs North ½ mile Joseph Jordan's.

At 1 mile 61 chs 25 links to the low Grounds of Fontain's Creek.

At 2 miles 6 chs 25 links out of Do low Grounds.

At 2 miles 58 chs to a road at right angles

At 3 miles 50 chs N. ¾ mile John Bradfords.

At 3 miles 72 chs 50 S. N. ½ mile Tho. Avings over Fontaine's Creek.

At 6 miles 40 chs to Beaver pond Creek

At 6 miles 57 chs to Do Creek this being the 7th time we crost it.

At 7 miles 10 chs to a dead Hickory which is this day's work.

-------------------- page 810 --------------------

26. At 8 miles 71 chs 25 links to Beaver pond Creek.

At 5 miles 38 chs to Do Creek here we went 19 chs: allong the Low Grounds of it.

At 6 miles 14 chs 50 links to Do Creek.

At 10 miles 40 chs to a stake which is this day's work.

27th From the stake N. 87½ W.

At 2 miles 32 chs 50 links to a branch of Pea Hill Creek which runs southerly.

At 2 miles 38 chs 50 links crost Do Branch

At 3 miles 27 chs 50 links to Peehill Creek, course N. W. and S. E.

At 5 miles 35 chs to a road to Sehauhuntachol on the south side of Roanoke, the Course of the road to Virginia is N. E. here the river is S. W. ¾ mile.

At 6 miles 24 chs 50 links to Seyard Creek. Course to Roanoke is S. E. 4 miles.

At 8 miles 27 chs 50 links to the East branch of Pidgeon Roost Creek the Fork is about 1 mile lower, and the course to Moratok from hence is S. E. 3 miles.

At 9 miles to the middle of Pidgeon roost Creek the course to Moratok alias Roanoake is S. E. 3 miles.

At 9 miles 26 chs to a stake which is the day's work.

28th From the stake N. 87½ W.

At 36 chains 50 links to Pidgeon Roost Creek at right angles S. 2 miles to Roanoke.

At 2 miles 30 chs to the River low Grounds.

At 3 miles 22 chs 50 links to Cocks Creek S. E. 6 S. ¼ mile to the river.

At 3 miles 34 chs 50 links cross Do

At 3 miles 74 chs 50 links to a sugar Tree on Roanoke river.

To find the breadth of the river N. 51° W. over the River—S. 45° W. 85 links—N. 12° 30' W. chs 10 links to the Line.

The breadth of the river is twelve chains 25 links.

The distance from Meherrin river where we began September 21st to the west side of Roanoke is 45 miles 61 chains.

From the west side of Roanoke river

At 2 miles 23 chs 50 links to a white oak.

This day's work is 6 miles 30 chs 25 links

29th Was Sunday

30. N. 87½ W. from the white oak.

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At 61 chains 50 links to the road from Mony Shap Ford on Roanoke river to Tar river S. W. 30 miles N. E. 37 chs 50 links to Mony Shap Ford.

At 69 chains to Haw Tree Creek which empties itself into the river at Mony shap a little above the point of an island in the river, here we entred the low grounds of the river it being North ¼ mile to it.

At 1 mile 11 chains cross Do Creek.

At 1 mile 49 chains out of the low grounds of the river, here it is North ¾ mile to the River.

At 2 miles 15 chains cross haw tree Creek the 3d time.

At 4 miles 40 chs to a small branch of great Creek.

At 4 miles 55 Chains to a Stake which is the Days stock.

October ye 1st

N. 87½ West from the Stake.

At 33 chains to a Branch of great Creek

At 73 Chains 50 Links to great Creek at right angles here its 2¼ miles according to the Course of the Creek to the River vizt N. E. 1 mile and East 1¼ mile.

At 3 Miles 11 Chas 50 Links to a branch of great Creek W. N. W up and South down to great Creek about ½ mile here its North 1 mile to the River.

At 7 miles 36 chas to a Branch of Nut bush Creek at right angles.

At 7 miles 75 Chains Nut Bush Creek N. W. & S. E.

At 12 miles 3 Chains to a Stake which is the day's work.

2nd From the Stake 87½ W.

At 2 miles 78 Chains 50 Links a Branch of Mausa Mony Creek.

At 3 miles 13 Chains Mausa Mony Creek.

At 6 miles 20 Chains Beaver Ponder Yapatio Creek

At 9 miles 50 Chains Ahimpamony Creek.

This Creek is S S W ⅛ of a mile to the fork of it & from thence 4½ miles N. E. to where it enters Roanoke.

Beaver Pond Creek enters this one near its mouth.

About seven or eight miles above the mouth of this Creek there is an Island two miles long. It is supposed to be Acconechy Island, and at the mouth of the Creek which the Indians judged to be Ten Miles below the fork of Roanoke the River goes N. W. having come much Westerly hitherto.

At 9 Miles 63 Chains 50 Links to a Stake which is this Day's Work.

Here the Variation was observed & found to be 2° 20' Wt

3rd At 2 miles N 87° 40' W. 27 chains is a small Creek going into Ahimp-a-Mony N. W. 6 N up and S. E. 6 S. down.

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At 8 miles 40 Chains to Tuskeroode Creek called so by the Saponie Indians, who killed a Tusk and flung him into this Creek the Indian Name is Keew-ahomomy.

At 8 Miles 45 chs is the end of the Day's Work.

N 87 40 W.

4th At 4 miles 57 Chains 50 Links to Blue Wing Creek

At 7 miles 40 Chs to Sugar Tree Creek.

North 87° 40' West.

5th At 3 miles 36 Chains Hycoote Creek N. E. down

At 3 miles 42 Chains 50 Links to Do N 6 W up

At 4 miles 19 Chains 50 Links to Do S S E up; A red cliff on the West side.

At 4 miles 76 Chains to Do N. W up S E down

At 4 miles 78 Chains to a Chestnut Oak.

Here the Carolina Commissioners made an End.

6th Was Sunday.

7th N. 87° 40' W.

At 8 Chains 50 Links the Creek at right Angles

At 1 Mile 53 Chains 50 Links Buffalo Creek

At 2 Miles 65 Chains a Stake

8th N. 87° 40' W

A 4 Miles 5 Chains to a Run which concluded the Day's Work.

N 87° 40' W

9. At 1 Mile 5 Chains 50 Links to run at Right Angles

At 2 Miles 54 Chains to a Bold run No down

At 4 Miles 70 Chains to a nother Run No down

At 6 Miles to a Stake which concludes the Day's Work.

10. N. 87° 40' W

At 45 Chains to Cockade Creek

At 71 Chains 50 Links to the Southern Branch of Roanoke River.

To find its Breadth

S. W. 30° 5 Chains up the River

N. W. 31° over the River to the Line.

The Course of the River up is S. W. 37° 40 chains to the next Reach goes West.

The Breadth of the River here is 5 Chains 25 Links

N. W. 87° 40' 1 Chain 25 Links thro' an Isle in the River, then N. W. 87° 40' 2 Chains thro' the River on the West side of the Isle.

From the West side of the River N. 87° 40' Wt

At 2 miles 50 Chains 50 Links to a Cane Creek at Right Angles.

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2 miles 65 Chains to a Stake where the Days work ended which is in all is 3 miles 65 Chains.

11th N. 87° 40' W.

At 54 Chains to a Run down to the River.

At 61 Chains 50 Links to Do Run the 3d Time.

At 4 miles 15 Chains to the River its breadth is 6 Chains.

The River is S. S. E. 30 Chains down then Eastward.

N. N. W. 20 Chains up then Westward.

N. W. 87° 40'

From the West side of the River 2 miles 45 Chains to a Stake where the Day's Work ends which in all is 6 miles 60 Chains.

12th N. 87° 40' W.

At 1 Mile 10 Chains to a Run S. 6 E. up.

At 5 miles 7 Chains to a Red Oak which is the Days Work.

13th Was Sunday.

14th Was a rainy day.

15th N. 87° 40'

At 37 Chains 50 Links to a Run S. E. up.

At 60 Chains to a Sugar Tree on the River.

To find the Breadth of the River

S. W. 50° 1 Ch. 50 L: then S. W. 61° 20' 5 Chains 10 Links then N. W. 62° 20' across the River to the Line.

The Breadth of the River here is 13 Chains 25 Links.

Sable Creek is on the So side of the Line a little higher.

N. W. 87° 40' 1 Mile 1 Chain 75 Links to the River again.

To find the Breadth of the River

The Days work is 1 M 75 Chs

16th N. 87 40 W. 10 S. then N. E. 35½° 4 Chs 25 L. to the River S. E. 54 across the River to the Line; the Course of the River up for ¼ mile is No and its breadth here 5 Chs 25 Links.

At 3 Miles 51 Chains 50 Links to Lowland Creek.

At 4 Mile 56 Chains to the River again.

Its Course is S. W. up 10 Chains then S. 6 E. & N. E. 16 Chs down.

To find its Breadth.

S. E. 20° 70 Links: then S. W. 57° 5 Chas 17 L. then N. W. 71° 15' to the Line on the other side the River.

The Breadth of the River here is 16 Chs 50 Links.

This days Work is in all is 4 Miles 77 Chains 75 Links.

17th N. 87° 40' West.

From the Line Tree on the West side of the River.

At 2 M. 7 Chains 50 Links to a Run at Right Angles.

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At 2 M. 62 Chains 50 Links to Cascade Creek of which the last run is a branch it is S. S. E. 1¼ mile to the mouth of it.

18th At 6 Miles 7 Chs 50 Links to a River which is the Branch of a Southern Branch of Roanoke River.

Its Course up for 2 Chains 50 Links is N. then more Easterly and S. E. 14° ½ mile down.

19th To find the breadth of the River.

S. W. 52° ¼ cross the River to the top a a hill.

N. W. 14° ½ 3 Chains 36 Links to the Line.

The Breadth of the River here is 4 Chains 75 Links.

N. W. 87° 40' from the West side of the River.

At 5 Chs 50 Links to a Run which entered the River a little above the Place where the Line crossed it.

At 4 Miles 3 Chains to Malumomy Creek S. W. down.

4 Miles 42 Chains N. W. 33½ a little Mountain.

At 5 miles 29 Chains to a Hickory. This day's work including the breadth of the River is 5 M. 33 C. 75 L.

20th Was Sunday.

21st N. W. 87° 40' 4 miles 67 Chains 50 Links to a Hickory Sapling which concludes this Days Work.

22nd N. 87° 40' W.

At 1 M. 23 Ch. 50 L. a run S. W. down.

At 1 M. 52 Ch. 50 L. to another Branch of the southern Branch of Roanoke

To find its Breadth

N. W. 35° over Do

S W 56¼ Chs to the Line. The Breadth of the River is 5 C. N. W. 87° 40'

23rd At 15 Chs to a River a branch of Roanoke.

1 Ch. 75 L. over Do

N. 87° 40' W. from the West side of this River

At 1 M. 64 Chs then N 10 Chs the River

At 2 M. 8 Chs 50 L. then No 1 Ch. 50 L. the River

At 2 M. 30 Chs 50 L. Crooked Creek Northerly down

At 2 M. 39 Chs cross Do

At 2 M. 43 Chs Cross Do N. W. down

At 2 M. 61 Chs cross Do N. W. up E. N. E. down

At 3 M. 18 Chs 50 L. cross Do S. W. C. W. up E. N. E. down

At 4 M. To a Red oak.

-------------------- page 815 --------------------

This Days Work in all is 4 miles 17 Chs 25 Links.

24th N. 87° 40' W

At 1 mile 33 Chs cross Crooked Creek 5 Times

At 2 M. 39 Chs cross Do

At 2 M. 43 cross Do up S W C. W

At 3 M. 7 Chs 50 L. cross Do No up

At 6 M. 35 Chs. Cross Do N. E. down

At 7 M. 75 Chs to a Hickory which is the days work

25 N. 87° 40'

At 1 M. 26 Chs due South the East end of a ledge of Mountains.

At 2 M. 48 Chs 50 L. crossed Crooked Creek at

At 3 M. 20 Chs a Run So down

At 3 M. 54 Chs a Run So down

At 3 M. 73 Chs a bold run westerly down

At 3 M. 75 Chs the same Run

At 3 M. 78 Chs Do

At 4 M. 51 Chs 25 L. to the West side of a run S. W down. Here the days work ends.

26. N. 87° 40' W.

At 15 Chains a Run S. W. down

At 25 Chs S 2° ½ W. the top of the greatest mountain Southward. S 13° ½ E the East end of the Ledge.

At 27 Chains S. W. 10° 3 Chs to a small River

River running S W 10° up.

At 48 Chs to a Run. So 2 Chs 50 Links to the River

At 75 Chs to a small River No up So down

The Last Line Tree is a Red oak by the East side of the River, & the trees around it are blazed each on the side pointing to the oak.

Here the Surveyors made an End by order of the Commissioners, having run the Line from Currituck in Conjunction with the Carolina Surveyors 168 Miles 62 Chains 50 Links, & from the Place they departed at to the End 72 Miles 75 Chains 50 Links; In all 241 Miles 57 Chains 50 Links.

ALEXr IRVINE.