powered by google
Documenting the American South Logo
Colonial and State Records of North Carolina
Advanced Search Options
Order Book of Jacob Turner
Turner, Jacob, ca. 1745-1777
July 05, 1777 - August 27, 1778
Volume 12, Pages 454-548

-------------------- page 453 --------------------
JACOB TURNER'S BOOK
1777 & 1778
-------------------- page 454 --------------------

NOTE.

The following is a rough Diary kept by Jacob Turner, of the N. C. Continental Line. He was evidently quite an illiterate man, and the Diary is printed because of the light it throws upon the condition and management of our troops.

W. C.

-------------------- page 455 --------------------

JACOB TURNER'S BOOK,

August 19th, 1777.

Head-Quarters Morris Town July 5th, 1777.
Major Genl. for Tomorrow
Stephens.
Field Officers
Colo Bowman, Maj'r Buford.
Brigade Major
Johnston.

Court Martial whereof Col. Stuart is President is to sit tomorrow Morning at 9 o'clock, a Sergt. from each Brigade to Attend the Court to summon Witnesses and Perform for the necessary Services that Greater Dispatch may be made in trial. The Several Regts. to which any Persons who were selected as Poyners (Pioneers) have been Returned Unfit For Duty are forth with to be supplied with others in their stead. Genrell Conweys Brigade will also furnish a Coto (quota) of Poyners all to be able Bodied Men fit for the Business of Poyners. The Captain or Commanding Officer of every Company of Troops must immediately make Out, a muster roll for his Company or Troops Taken to the last day of June. The Troops to be Mustered Every month and with the Greatest Exactness, the strictest attention Must be Pay'd to this Duty.

The date of Every Soldier's Enlistment whose first Pay has not been Drawn must be inserted in the next Muster Roll. The Time for which the Men enlisted must be Inserted in every future Roll. The Officers will remember that Every Future Muster Final Rolls are to be Made Out Signed & Sworn to by the Capt. or Commanding Officer of the Company or Troops & one Lieut. or Commanding Officer. The Brigade will Excuse the Regt. from Duty the day they are mustered if Circumstance will admit of. The Firing of two Peices of Artillery will be a Signal for Sinking Tents & Loading the Waggons Upon which it is Expected that Every possible Dispatch will be Used. The Quarter Master Genrell will Endeavor to have his Horses Shod & in order for a Suddin march. The great Complaint for want of Shoes makes it necessary for the Genrell to Recommend to the Commanding Officers of Corps to use Every means in their Power to procure this necessary Article

-------------------- page 456 --------------------
for their Men and not depend holy on the Clothier Genrell whose Resources and Opportunities of Providing are not Equal to the Demand nor does it Matter who Provides them as the Soldiers is Only Intitled to one Suit from the Publick or the value of it. The Genrell directs that each Regt. will not delay Providing Oyl for their Locks this is Easily made from the Ofell from the Slaughters Pens. The Men are to be Exercised in Manoeuvering while the Army Lies in Camp, this is to be done in the Cool of the Day. The Genrell Orders that no Soldier Shall bathe in the heat of the Day nor Stay Long in the Water at any Time. The Slaughter Pens are to be Removed from the Brooks which afford water for the Army the Ofell to be Burned once a Day. As nothing can be more Comfortable to the Army than Vegetables Every Encouragement is to be given to the Country People to bring them in, the Least Insult to any of them Coming or going from Market will be severely Punished. The Genrell recommends Temporary Ovens to each Brigade which by men that shall Understand it Can be Erected in a few Hours, bread baked in this way may be much wholesomer than the Soldiers Cakes which are but too Commonly Used. The Genrell likewise Recommends to the Brigadiers & Officers Commdg Brigades to have Springs sought for and Opened and Barrels sunk in them for the more conveniently Supplying the Troops with Water. All Commdn. Officers of Corps are to see the Proper Means are Provided for the sake of Decency & Clendlyness Divine Servis to be Performed tomorrow in all the Regtms. which have Chaplins.

ADVERTISEMENTS.

The United States Lotery Tickets are to be had of Thos. Bryson at the Revd Mr. Joneses at Morris Town. Many Remain on Hand. Next Wednesday they will be returned to the Ofice in Philadelphia a forrige Party from Each Brigade Consisting of a subaltern, Sergt. a Corporal, & 25 Men to Perrade at their Respective Brigade Perrades at 5 o'clock tomorrow Morning & then go with a Proper number of Waggons to Cut and get wood for their Brigade, this Party to be under the Direction of Mr. Benj. Lingay Who is appointed to Superintend them, the Corporoles Guard at the Post

-------------------- page 457 --------------------
Offices to Dismt. This day the Quartermaster Genrell Orders a Sentry from his Guard to be placed at the Post ofice. Detail for Guard.

Capt
Lt
Sergt
Corp.
Pr
1
1
2
29

Mullenburgs 1 Lt 1 St for Point M—

Guard to Perrade at 6 O'clock

Carolina Detaile for guard 6 O'clock 1 Lt—6 Pr

Fortigue tomorrow Morning at 5 O'clock

Col Sam'l Slamford


G. O.—Headquarters Morrris Town July 6th 1777
Parole Tyvingham
Countersign, Trenton
Tinsfield
Major Genrell tomorrow
Lord Sterling
Brigadier
Woodford
Field Officers
Colo Stephens Major Davis
Brigade Major
Daye

A Court of Enquiry to set tommorrow Morning at Some Convenent Place near the Post of Artilery to Enquire into the Conduct of the Artilery Officers whose Field Pieces were Lost in the Action of 26 of June Last, the Court is Appointed by the Request of those Officers. The Commander in Chief has observed with concern notwithstanding the orders of 1st June last Requiring all officers of Corps not sick or on Duty duly to attend the Perrades daily at the Time of Exercise to Learn and Perform their Duty yet there is a very great neglect. He wishes it to be impressed upon the minds of Every Officer that nothing can be more Hurtful to the Service than the neglect of Discipline for that Discipline more than numbers gives one Army Superiorty Over Another. He then in the most Positive manner Required all Officers to Attend their Perrades and Exercises Agreeable to the Orders Above Mentioned and that the Commanding Officers of Corps put Every Officer Under Errest who faill of the Least Observance of them and whenever Corps or Brigade Assemble for Exercise Every Officer is to take and Keep his Post. Such as has Command Directing those men only who is under their immediate Care and that in such a

-------------------- page 458 --------------------
manner as not to Interfere with or delay the Execution of the Exercising Officer. Those Men that appear least acquainted with Exercise are Daly when off Duty to be sent to the drill and Particular Care taken to Instruct them and the more Effectually to Promote military Discipline In the Army, the Officer must set the Example of Close Attention to that Poynt. Assemble frequently each Corps by themselves and Learning with Discipline the manœuvre Exercise and the most usefull manœuvres together with the most usefull Salute all Ready mentioned in Genl. Orders. Such a Practise Can't fail of Producing the best Effects and nothing can do the Officers more Honor, they will know their duty and what they have a Right Earned from all who are under their Command; the men by the Example will agreeably Enhance the Opportunity to Improve in the military art. And the whole Army be Inspired with an Emulation to become good Soldiers.

Detail for guard tomorrow morning 6 O'clock


Head Quarters Morris Town Jully 7 1777.
Parole Virginia.
Countersign
Ulster
Upton
Major Genl.
for tomorrow
Lincoln
Brigadier
“ “
Maxwell
Field Officers
Colo Martin and Major Maxwell
Brigade Maj.
Witherspoon

The Genrell expects the strictest attention will be paid to the Order of the 20th of last month for Surveying the Men and Placing the shortest in front. Unless this is done the whole fire of the Rear will most assurredly be Lost, Especially if the files Should happen (as is too often the Case) to be Crowded together. The Commader in Chief approves the Sentence of a Genrell Court Martial held the 6th instant of which Col. Walter Stevens was President. John Halfpenny of the 10th Virginia Regt. Charged with getting Drunk, Causing a Riot and Abusing his Officers, no Evidence Appearing against him the Court Orders Him to be Released from his Confinement.

Herman Wineocock (?) of the German Regt. Charged with neglecting his Duty and Absenting himself from his Company and Refusing to take his Arms & Accoutrements.

-------------------- page 459 --------------------

The Court after Considering the Charge and Evidences are of Oppinion that the Prisoner is guilty of all the Charge Exhibited against him but that of Mutiny. Sentenced the Prisoner to have 39 Lashes on his bare Back.

Dennis O'Bryan a soldier belonging to the N. C. Regt. acted Under the Command of Col Sumner Charged with his having deserted from that Detachmt. the Prisoner Pleads Guilty but it appears to the Court that he is incapable of Rendering any Servis to the Country as he appears to be not Abel in body and a stupid Foolish Person Sentenced him to be Drumed out of the Servis.

It being injurious to the helth of the Soldiers On Account of the fowlness of the water and Utterly inconsistent with Decency for them to be in the Mill Pond by hawells mill Near the high Road Leadin to Head Quarters from the Court House, that Practise is absolutely forbid And the Guard and Centries Posted, near thereunto are to Take up and Confine all Offending in the Like manner.

Pay Rolls to be made out Emediately and Lodged with the Paymaster Genl. for the month of June. Col. Morgin's Corps of Riflemen not Being annexed to any Brigade are to draw Provitions nearest to the Place they may Happen to be Stationed.

Detail Mullenburgs
Lt
S
C
P
1
1
1
26

B. O. One Subaltern and thirty Men to Perrade tomorrow morning at six O'clock to make Ovens for Different Regts. Agreeable to Genrell Orders. If there is any Masons in the Brigade they are to turn out to see the work properly done; the Fatigue Party to be ready to turn out at six O'clock; the Quartermaster will attend and have the Ovens made. Adjts to attend Diferent Regts by Order of Genl. Mulinburg

Detail for Guard
C
L.
S
C
D
fr
P
I
6

at 6 o'clock tomorrow

Forage 6 o'clk

-------------------- page 460 --------------------
ADVERTISEMENT

A Case of Sergts Pocket Instruments were Lost The Day the Army Marched from Middleborough to Morris Town; the finder of them is Desired to Return them to the Sergt of the Third Virginia Regt. & he shall be duly recompenced For his Trouble

A Servant boy about ten years old Leather Cap & Drab Coloured Coat turned up with blue and brown trowsers has been mising for some days, his name is Jacob Cook; he is supposed to be lurking About Camp; it is required when found that he may be sent to Mr. Mecoys at Morris Town


Head Quarters Morris Town July 8th 1777
Parole Wasweek?
C. S.
Westfield
Warren
Major Genl
for tomorrow
Green
Brigadier
“ “
Mulenburg
Field Officers
“ “
Col ———, Major Whitner
Brigade Major
“ “
Swain

The Court of which Col Broadhead was Prest. was appointed to Enquire into the Conduct of the Artillery Officers Capt Eustace his Officers, & Capt Lieut Onhabeard whose pieces was lost in the Action of the 26th of last month reported that having Examined Divers Officers whose names were mentioned Relative thereto They are of opinion that Cpt. Eustace and his Officers behaved well with becoming behavoiur and Good Conduct During the whole Action and that the Loss of the Field Pieces was inevitable they Being left in the Rear Unsupported.

B. O. The whole of the Drums and fifes to Perrade from the Diferent Regts. with them for guard tomorrow morning Adjt for the day.

Major Hodgson for guard


Dit Orders 9th July 1777
Sergt.
Corp.
Pri.
tomorrow at 8 O'clock
1
1
8

A Court Martial to sit Emediately

Capt Armstrong President

Lieut Cradock members Lieut Mulenburg
Lieut Snell Lieut Calender

The Prisoners to be Acquainted and all Evidences to Attend.

-------------------- page 461 --------------------


Head Quarters Morris Town July 9th 1777
Parole ——
C—S.
———
Major Genrell
for tomorrow
Stephenson
Brigadier
“ “
Wayne
Field Officers
“ “
Colo Hartley & Lieut Col Fabier
Brigade Major
“ “
Roan

In the Genrell Orders of the 1st Instant Returns of the sick in Camp to be assined by the Sergts. of Each Regt. were directed to be made on Every Tuesday and Friday at 9 O'clock in the morning to the Surgn. Genl. of the Army which has not been done, Nor have Returns of other kinds been Regularly made when called for Such neglects are greatly Prejudicial. All Persons concerned are therefore Enjoyned to make due returns in future and any who neglect doing the Like in future May Depend on being Errested

For Guard
Capt
Lieut
Sergt
Corp
Drummer
Pri.
1
2
2
2
1
39
Fatigue
7

The Guard which are released Daly are to send A Sergt. or Corporal to the Guard Perraded at eight O'clock to Conduct the new Guard to their Post

Guard at eight O'clock tomorrow
Sergt
Corp
Pri.
1
1
8

General Orders. A General Court Martial to set tomorrow morning at theUsual Place at 9 O'clock for the Tryal of such Persons as may be brought before them. Col Chambers is appointed President. of this Court. 1 Capt. 1 Sub. Mulingberg's brigade


Head Quarters Morris Town July 10th 1777
Parole
———
Counter—Sign—Andover, Weymouth
Maj. Genl.
for tomorrow
Lord Sterling
Brigadier
“ “
Weedon
Field Officers
Col Johnston, Major Nichols
Brigade Maj.
Poors

Every Brigade which has not furnished its Coto of Poyners to the Q. M Genl will do so Emediately and send them to the Q. M. G. Genrell Wayne's Brigade will furnish 10 Men and Gl. Dehues 10 such as are fit for the Purpose; the Tents of the whole Army to

-------------------- page 462 --------------------
be struct tomorrow morning at gun firing and packed up ready for marching with the utmost speed, the Line of march to be given afterwards as soon as possible. All Bagage Waggons (Those with Tents Excepted) are to march this afternoon towards Boontown to a place appointed by Genl. Miflin, Guard for which is to be supplied in the following Manner Viz. Each Brigade furnishes its 1 Capt. 2 Subn. & thirty Men & Each Division a field Officer. Gl. Green to be called Commandant; women are to march with the Baggage; two days provisions to be Ready and Cooked by this afternoon; Canteens to be ready filed with water before the march begins; And no Soldier will be allowed to leave his Rank on that account. The 3rd Regt on the Chatham Pumpton and middle Brook Road, will quit their post at gun firing tomorrow morning And join their Respective Corps without Delay; all other Guard will attend their Duty In their several Departments where they are placed untill relieved; moving with their Charge Respectively.

Detailed
Sergt.
Corpl.
Priv.
1
1
18

Order of March.

The whole Army is to march in Columns by Sub Divisions at half distance from the left. Lord Sterling's Division is to lead & furnish the Van Guard as hereafter directed. Genl. Lincoln is to follow, Genl. Stephens next, Genl. Green last and to furnish the Rear Guards.

The Park of Artillery is to move between Genl. Lincoln's and Stephens' Division. The Artillery of each Brigade is to Continue with it and be equally Divided between front & Rear. The horse except the Orderlys hereafter Mentioned are to be divided equally the 2nd or Front Division to Preceed. Genl. Maxwell's Brigade to precede the front. The Rear Division to follow Genl. Mullenburg's Brigade, the latter under the Command of the Senior Officer of Horse the former under the next Officer in Command.

Genl. Maxwell's Brigade is to compose the Van Guard and to march one mile in advance of the column. From this Brigade Proper Officers and one hundred Men will be detached and march half a mile in advance of the Brigade Preceded by one-half the horse of the second Division who are to examine all Defiles and suspected places before the Foot enters into them. The Poyners

-------------------- page 463 --------------------
with half the Artificers are to march in the rear of the Major Guard, prepare Bridges &c. as they go; the rest of the artificers to attend the line of waggons Genl. Mulenburg's Brigade is to form the Rear Guard in the Rear of the Colemn; from this Brigade a Regt. is to be detached to march 200 paces in the rear thereof and bring in all stragglers; in aid of this a party of 20 light horse from the Rear Division under the care of an Officer who is to search all the Houses on the road for skulking soldiers Each Brigade is to keep out flanking partys on the left as well as on the right Each Maj. Genl. directing the march is to be attended by 4 light horse men as Orderly The waggon with ammunition is to march in the rear of each Division together with empty waggons to take up such as are sick on the road; the baggage waggons to march in the same order in which the troops to which they belong to march in the line; the wggons containing intrenching tools are to move in front of the Columns of Baggage waggons Those containing biscakes are also to get with the Baggage. The settlers attached to Regts. and none others are suffered to go in the line of waggons; they are to move these waggons in the rear of all the Baggage The tents are to be carried in the waggons by themselves and follow their respective Brigades to which they belong The Baggage waggons are to halt before they come into the road which interscepts that leading from Pursuing towards Pumpton and fall in the rear of the Army. Besides these regulations those made in Gen'l Orders the 4th instant respecting the march be strictly observed except so far as the present order differ from them and each Brigadier to see immediately that the officers of each Brigade is provided with copies of the regulations agreeable to the Orders, the M. Q. Genl. will direct the Order in which his own; the Comisary Genl., Paymaster Genl., Hospitals and spare amunition shall move.


Head Quarters, July 11th Pumpton Plains.

The army to pitch their tents to-night and to-morrow morning at gun-firing if the weather is good strike them, and prepare every thing with the greatest Dispatch; in case of rain in the morning the tents are to remain standing unless particular orders are given to contrary. No kind of Baggage except the tents to be taken out of the waggons; immediately after the morning guns the General to

-------------------- page 464 --------------------
be beaten thro the Lines instead of the usual two field pieces fired from the Rank of Artillery as the signal for marching; the same order of march to be enforced tomorrow the seperate Colums of Baggage to march under the Directions and Agreeable to the Orders of the Q. M. Genl. Each Division will station the necessary Guards About its own Encampment.

Maj. Genl. for tomorrow Green

Brigadier Woodford

Brigade Maj. Day

Genl. Guard Detailed 1 Subaltern 1 Sergt. & 8 Privates.


Head Quarters, July 12 1777 Pumpton Plains.
Parole ——
C. S. ——
Maj. Genl. for tomorrow
Stephens
Brigadier
Scott
Field Officers
Col. Sumner, Lieut. Col. Nelson.
Brigade Maj.
Johnston

As the foul weather prevents the marching of the troops today they are to draw two days Provisions and cook them immediately. Complaint has been made to the Commander in Chief that some Soldiers pull down the fences to burn and leave open the fields of the inhabitants, he injoynes it upon the Officers to use the utmost watchfullness and care to prevent this practise, and whoever is found guilty shall be severely punished. The same Order that was given last evening will determine and Regulate the march tomorrow.

Evening 5. o'clock Detail
1 Subaltern
4 men.
Tomorrow 8 o'clock
1 Sergt.
6 men.


Head Quarters Camp at Pumpton lines 13th July 1777.
Parole ——
C—S. ——
Maj. Genl. tomorrow
Lord Sterling.
Brigadier
Conway.
Field Officers
Col Spotswood, Maj. Williams.
Brigade
Maj. Farling(?)

The Commander in Chief approves the following Sentences of a General Court Martial held the 7th 8th and 9th Instant and Ordered

-------------------- page 465 --------------------
that they be put in Execution forthwith: Lieut Cummings of the first Virginia Regt. Charged with Messing with the common soldiers and speaking disrespectful words of the Commanding Officer of the Regt. and with carrying a soldier of the 1st Regt. away with him ; the Court not having evidence to prove the Charge of speaking disrespectful words of the Commander of the Regt. cannot determine whether he is or is not guilty of the Charge; they are of opinion, considering the particular circumstances of the matter as to the Charge of Messing with Soldiers related by the Prisoner and having no evidence to prove to the Contrary, that he should be Reprimanded by the Commanding Officer of the Regt. he belongs to at the Head of the Regt.; the Court do excuse the Prisoner for taking a soldier away with him from the Regiment Considering the bad state of health he was in.

John Walker a sergt in Capt. John Street's Independent Company Charged with absenting himself 12 days from his Company without leave Pleads Guilty but that he was returning to his Company when taken up; sentenced to be reprimanded at the head of his Company and one month's pay to be stopped from him. Anthony Eastheart charged with the same cause as Walker belonging to to Capt. Street's Independents, Sentence Do. Solm. Grant of the 14th Virginia Regt Charged with sleeping on his post pleaded guilty, and sentenced to receive 25 Lashes on his bare back, but it appearing in Evidence that he was a good, orderly, well behaved soldier and that he was probably unwell when on Sentry the Commander in Chief remits the punishment.

Lieut Samuel Smith of the 8th Pennsylvania Regt. ungentlemanlike behaviour in the Regt. and Disobedience of Orders. Acquitted of the charge of Ungentlemanlike behaviour, but found guilty of disobedience of Orders, not attending the Parade as constantly at ordering times as he Ought to have Done; sentenced to be severely Reprimanded in Gen. Orders; the Commander in chief is extremely sorry that an Officer of whom it is testified that in a post of Danger he behaved himself with prudence and spirit should be guilty of neglect of Discipline, which is so essential to furnish good soldiers; a neglect so contrary to orders highly injurious to the service and Disrespectful to the subject of it, a neglect for which neither prudence nor bravery compensates and which if persisted in must be an effectual bar to promotion.

-------------------- page 466 --------------------

John Doherty of the Artillery charged with stabbing Lieut Carrington of the 7th Virginia Regt.; the Court having considered the charge and the Evidence, are of opinion that the Prisoner is guilty of the charge and are likewise of the opinion that though the Prisoner is guilty of the charge against him he was justifyable in doing it as he was acting in the way of his duty.

As the weather is bad and wet the General orders a gill of rum to be served to each man immediately. From intelligence lately received the Genl. informed the Army that it is possible the next move of the Army may be towards the Delaware but desires no steps be taken towards it till further orders. Thomas Fosdick Esq, was on the 1st Instant appointed Brigade Maj. to Brigadier Genl. Glover and to be obeyed and respected as such. Roger Alden Esq. is appointed Brigade Major to Brigadier Genl. Huntington and is to be obeyed and Respected as such.

8 O'clock tomorrow morning 1 Capt. 5 men


Head Qrts at Van Holleds July 14th 1777
Parole
C. S.
Dunkirk
Dedham
Maj. Genl.
for tomorrow
Green
Brigadier
Maxwell
Field officers
Col Mathews, Maj. Lamar
Brigade Maj.
Witherspoon

Each Maj. Genl will order the Guard Necessary For the Security of his own Division and the Q. Master Genl with his Deputies will mark out the Ground for the Encampment of Each Division tomorrow and as the Army will arrive on its Ground Early in the Day as soon as the men are settled in their Encampment the officers are to Critically Examine the Arms and Accoutrements and have them put in the best order. The Commander in Chief was surprised today to see the bad Condition of many Arms, they being not only unfit to fire which latter defect is certainly in the power of every man to prevent; the Neglect of it must arise from an Inexcusable Inattention of the Officers. The tents are to be struck at Gun firing tomorrow morning (which will be at the usual time) and the whole army got ready to march. At 5 O'clock One field piece is to fire and then the March to begin And as the Baggage of

-------------------- page 467 --------------------
Each Brigade will joyne Its Respective Brigade it is to follow close after it. Tomorrow the whole Army to march off from the Left by half Plattoons the Brigades following each other as observed this day so as the Baggage as before directed will immediately follow its Brigade to which it belongs. As the distance is short no part of the Army is to halt till it arrives at the Ground of Encampment If it should Rain tommorrow morning the Army will continue at the present Encampment.


Division orders Clove July 14th 1777

Each Brigade to furnish a subaltern, Sergt. Corpl. and 25 Privates for Guards on the Different Roads to night, Col Sheldon to furnish 20 Light Horse to Advance on the Roads agreeable to Orders; they will receive their orders from Brig. Genl Maxwell The whole Guard to parrade near Head Qrts at 4 O'clock this Evening—N. C. 4 men 1. Sergt.


Brigade Orders 15th July 1777.

Those Soldiers whose arms are loaded and cannot be drawn are to be selected Emediately by their Officers Commanding Regts. and marched to the Right of the Brigade to discharge them. Genl Mulenburg will then give directions as soon as this is done that the Men are Emediately to clean and put their Arms in the best order. Should any be found Deficient when Examined on Parade Tomorrow Morning they must Expect to be punished.

A Sergt and 12 men from the Brigade to mount Emediately for Genl Maxwells Guard. 4 O'clock Genl Mullenburgs Guard. Emediately 3 men. 6 O'clock 1. Corpl 3 men for Guard parade.


Head Qrts Clove July 15th 1777
Parole
Cumberland
Cornland
Maj. Genl. for tomorrow
Stephens
Brigadier
Mullenburg
Brigade Major
Swain

It was yesterday Directed in General Orders that neither Officers nor soldiers should Pull off their Hats or pay any Salute to

-------------------- page 468 --------------------
the Commander in Chief or any other Officer Passing by and the total disregard of the order is a proof how Little pains Officers take to acquaint themselves or Men with Orders. Of the other Orders that Issued the fourth Instant Respecting the march of the Army is also Neglected in instances which Come Immediately Under the observation of the Commander in Chief which cannot be presumed to Arise from any other cause than Ignorance of those Orders.

For the Future all Officers are to make themselves Acquainted (Each Day) with the Orders of it.

And with Respect to Orders referred of the fourth Instant the Commander in Chief Commands that the Brigadiers do as soon as possible call together the Commanding Officers of Brigades in their respective Brigade and Read to them these Orders and the Commanding Officers of Corps are in Like manner Required to assemble all Officers in their respective Corps and Read to them the same orders and all who are not all ready provided are further required to furnish themselves with copies of them and still more Effectually to Execute those Orders Each Brigadier to appoint a Field Officer to attend the march of his Brigade and Particularly to attend the Wagons belonging to it, whose business it shall be to ride backward and forward along the Line to see the march conducted with Propriety and Agreeable to Orders. Advantage to be taken of the halts to have the horses shod & the wagons repaired. No delay is to be made in this matter as it is very Uncertain how soon the Army may march again; for the same reason all officers and soldiers are to keep near quarters and on no pretence to Ramble about the Country without Leave; Officers from their Brigadeir's and Soldiers from their Col's or Officers Commanding them.

All Wagoners are to joyne their respective Brigades and get in their proper order for marching When the Army moves again the Officers and Wagon Masters are to see that they are more Equally loaded than they have been.

When any men fall sick on the March they are not to be put into the heavy loaded Baggage Wagons but be Left to be taken up by the empty Wagons which follow in the Reare for that end. The Commanding Officers of Corps are Emediately to make returns to the Adjt. Genl of the Clothes most wanting in their respective corps and as the Quantity of Clothing is not Great the

-------------------- page 469 --------------------
Commander in Chief most Earnestly Requests that Officers will not make returns for more than is Essentially necessary for their men. Brigadier Orders a Return agreeable to Genl. Orders of yesterday to be immediately made of such Clothing as has not been drawn for by their Detachment or diferent Battalions since March last which Return the Captain or Commanding Officer of Company will Compare with their Necessary Roll and Make out a just one by which a Draft can be made.


Brigade Orders, Clove July 16th 1777.

The Field Officers of Brigades to meet at four O'clock parade at Genl. Mullenburgs where Major Genl will be Present by Request of Genl Mullenburg.

Francis Swain B. M.

4 O'clock
S
Sergt.
men
1.
1.
10.


Head Qrts July 16th 1777
Parole——
C.—S.——
Maj. Genl for tomorrow
Lord Sterling
Brigadier
Mane
Field Officers
Col Spencer, Lieut Col Parker
Brigade Maj,
Bryan

The Genl. Court Martial of which Col Camben was Prest, is dissolved.

A Genl Court Martial to set this forenoon Near Genl Maxwell's quarters for the Tryal of all Prisoners that shall be brought before them. Col Shrieve is President of this Court

Detail—1 Subal., 2 Sergt's, 2 Corp's, 36 men

after Orders, for the 15th Instant

The Commander in Chief expects that all Officers will make it their Business that the Orders Issued Respecting the Destruction of the Property of the Inhabitants are Particularly attended to at all times;

Fatigue at 8 O'clock tomorrow morning

-------------------- page 470 --------------------


D. O July 17th 1777.

A Court Martial to sit Emidiately Capt Harris President.

Ensign Lankford
members
Ensign Dicknor
En. Cotgreaves
“ “
Lieut Reed

The Prisoners to be Acquainted and all Prisoners to attend.


Head Quarters Clove July 17th 1777
Parole Lee. . . . . . .
C. S. Prescott, Parker
Maj. Genl for tomorrow
Green
Brigadier
Weedon
Field Officers
Lt. Coll. Willis, Maj Flay
Brigade Maj.
Pears

Some Disputes having arisen between Hampton and Col. Johnston Respecting Seniority, the General Officers are to meet at some place appointed by Maj. Green at 5 O'clock this afternoon, and after hearing the Pretentions of Both those Officers, and Inquire Minutely into the Matter, to report the Case and their Oppinion thereon to the Commander in Chief. The frequent Discharging of Pieces in order to clear them and keep them in order occasions so great a waste of Ammunition that the Genl Orders in very Pointed and propitious Terms that no Musquet be loaded with Cartridge untill we are close to the Enemy, and there is a Moral Certainty of Engaging them. The Qr. Master of each Regt. is to draw a small quantity of Powder, Ball and wadding to furnish the Guards of this Regt, who are to Load with Loose Powder and a Runing Ball when they Mount Guard, and this the Officer of the Guard Invariably to have drawn, and Returned to the Regimental Qr. Master before their Dismission from the Parade after being Releaved; A practise of this kind Punctually attended to and it is Positively Enjoyned, will not only be a great saving of ammunition, but a means of preserving the Arms, as nothing is more Hurtful to the Barrils than to lay long loaded, Especially with wet Powder, or in damp weather. 180 Tents are arrived in Camp, Such as the Destitute may be supplyed with, but Previous to the Delivering of them, Returns must be made to the Qr. M. G, from Each Brigade, of the Number of the Men in Each Corps belonging to each Brigade, and of the Tents now in their posession respectively.

-------------------- page 471 --------------------

The Adjutant General in Issuing Orders for the Delivery of Cloaths is to Compare the Returns made by the Commanding Officer of the Corps of their wants, with the Clothiers Acct. so far as he can come at them, at this time, & place, and that he to the utmost of his Power see that Equal justice be done in the Distribution of them.

ADVERTISEMENTS.

Found a Red Morocco letter Case containing Colo. Anthony's Commission and sundry other Papers, the owner may have it by applying to the Capt. at the Park of Artillery

5 O'clock this Evening 1. sub 6. men

Brigadiers Guard 3 men

Fatigue tomorrow morning at 8 O'clock


After Orders the 17th July 1777

The Q. M. G. is to have the Road through The Clove to New Winsor well Reconoitred and Proper place for Encamping at, with the Distances from hence Noted.

And to make report thereof as soon as possible to the Commander in Chief he is to do the Like on the Road to King's Ferry. A Light Party consisting of a Field Officer, 2 Captains 4. subs and 100 Rank and file, to Parade at daylight tomorrow morning on the Grand Parade with 6. Days Provisions on a Light wagon. The Officer Commanding, will Receive his Orders from the Adjutant General.

A Sub. and 12. Light Horse to parade at the same time, and apply to the Adgt. Gen.

Doct. Corthoran is to inspect into the Condition and state of Sick, and to give such orders Respecting them as shall Appear Proper.

Maj. Mantizes will take the Command of this Detachment.

Each Brygade to furnish a good Blacksmith, to Parade Tomorrow at 12 O'clock Noon before L. Sterlings Quarters at Severans Tavern

The Qr. Ms. of those Regiments for which Cloathing Returns have been made are to apply to the Deputy Clothier General

-------------------- page 472 --------------------
tomorrow at Baldwin's Mills about a Mile from Head Quarters, Upon the way to Pumpton

Detail 1 Sergt. 3. men at DayBreak Tomorrow morning.


Head Quarters Clove July 18th 1777.
Parole. Germany.
C. S. France
Spain
Major Genl for tomorrow
Stephens
Brigadier
Woodford
Field Officers
Lieut Col Farmer, Maj. North
Brigade Maj.
Day

The Commander in Chief approves the following sentence of a General Court Martial held the 16th instant whereof Col. Shrieve was President and order that there be no delay in putting the same into Execution. Levi Springer of the 4th North Carolina Battalion in Capt. Nelson's Company, charged with Desertion from the 4th Regt. & Inlisting with Capt. Syms of the 10th Virg. Regt. found guilty and sentenced to Receive fifty Lashes on his bare back to serve out the time with Capt. Nelson and the Bounty he received from Capt. Syme to be stopped out of his pay by Capt. Nelson & paid to Capt. Syms. Joshua Hunter of the 1st Vir. Regt charged with Desertion found Guilty and Sentenced to Receive fifty lashes on his bare back. The Brigade Major to attend this afternoon at 6 o'clock for orders.

Detail, 2 Sergts. 1 Corpl. 13 men.

ADVERTISEMENTS.

Found July the 18th an Officer's Gun at Clove Camp; the owner may have it again by applying to Jacob Clure, Qr. Ms. Sergt. N. C. Troops.


Head Qrs. Clove, July 19th 1777.
Maj. Genl. for tomorrow
Lord Sterling
Brigadier
Scott
Field Officers
Lieut Col Sayers, Maj. Bush.
Brigade Maj.
Johnston

A Board of General Officers consisting of all those not on duty to sit tomorrow morning at 10 o'clock at Genl. Green's Quarters for the purpose of settling the rank of all the Field Officers of the

-------------------- page 473 --------------------
Pennsylvania Troops. The Commander in Chief is pleased to approve the following sentence of a Genl. Court Martial held the 17th inst. whereof Col. Shrieve was President, and orders the immediate Execution viz: Adam Haskey of Col. Stewart's Regt. from Pennsylvania, charged wish Desertion, found guilty and sentenced to receive fifty lashes on his bare back. Frederick Lenard of Col. Stewart's Regt. charged with desertion, found guilty and sentenced to receive 50 lashes. It seems that when vacancies of Officers have happened in Regts. and Corps, the Commanding Officers have in several instances undertaken to fill them up and draw pay for the persons so appointed. A Practise altogether Unsupportable and the continuance of it is absolutely forbiden and hence forward no person so appointed shall be considered as having any authority or entitled to a Commission or pay by virtue thereof. Such Regiments as lately made returns for clothing and have not received coats are to apply to the Deputy Clothier Genl. therefor.

Detail as yesterday.

ADVERTISEMENTS.

Taken from Genl. Woodford's Brigade a Bay Horse, has a Bald face, white hind foot and white streak on his near side paralell with his Ribs. Whoever will bring him to Genl. Woodford's Brigade, or give information where he is or may be found, shall receive 10 dollars from Wm. Heath.

The Q. M. and Waggon Masters will greatly oblige the owner of the Horse by causing inquiry to be made for him in their Several Departments.

B. O. Divine Service will be Performed by the Rev. Mr. Tate, at 10 o'clock tomorrow morning on the Brigade Parade.

Adjt. for tomorrow
Hodgson
6 o'clock Detail,
1 Serjt. 1 Corp. 11 Men (evening).
N
1 Serjt. 3 men.
I
3 “
5
3 “
9
1 Corp. 3 “
Detail, 6 o'clock evening,
1 sub. 1 Serjt. 1 Corp. 12 men.

-------------------- page 474 --------------------


Head Quarters at Gallaway in the Clove,
July the 21st 1777.
Parole
C. S.
Maj. Genl. for tomorrow
Green
Brigadier
Muhlenburg.
Field Officers
Col. Huntingt'n, Maj. Robinson.
Brigade Maj.
Swain

The Wagon Masters are to see the Horses under their Direction fed as much as possible on Grass this Day and save what grain and dry forage they have. The waggoners are to stay by their Horses to prevent any damage being done to the corn, flax, &c. for if such things are Damaged through their Neglect they will be severely punished.

The Q. M. G. is immediately to inspect the Boats, Observe what injuries they have sustained in the carriage, and take the most effectual measures to prevent their receiving any further Damage. Everything is to be in readiness to move tomorrow morning. The General is informed that some of the Corps are without Provisions. They are immediately to supply themselves with Provisions for this Day and tomorrow.


Division Orders, July 22nd 1777.

A Court Martial to sit immediately.

Capt. Doherty, President.
Members,
Lt. Quinn,
Lt. Cradock,
Lt. Evans
Lt. Scull

The Prisoners are to be acquainted and all evidences to attend. Detail, 1 sergt & 2 men, Counter Signs, Manley, McLean.

Brigade Orders. The Baggage belonging to the Brigade to be put in the Waggons this evening & everything put in readiness for a march; at the firing of the morning gun the tents to be struck immediately but should the morning prove rainy the tents are not to be struck till further orders. The Commanding Officers of Regiments

-------------------- page 475 --------------------
will have their waggons, &c. Examined this evening, that nothing may detain the march in the morning.


Head Qrts at Gallaways in the Clove, July 22nd, 1777
Parole Farewell.
C. S.———
Maj. Genl for tomorrow
———
Brigadier
———
Field Officer
———
Brigade Major
———


After Orders July 22nd 1777

The Army to be ready to March Early tomorrow Morning if it should not Rain and at 6 O'clock the march is to begin; Genl Lincoln and Genl Stephens Divisions to Proceed up the Clove & to march to Cainston and there to wait for further Orders Gen Green's Division and the Park of Artillery to march last to Sufferans Tavern whither also the baggage of Lord Sterling's Division is to return. Detail—1 Sergh, 1 Corp, 9 men


Head Quarters Ramapoy July the 23rd 1777
Parole—
C. S.——
Field Officers of the Day
Col Parker
Brigade Major
Pears

The March of the Army whenever it begins will be made with the Utmost Dispatch; this Renders it indispensably Necessary to Divest it of as much Baggage as Possible. Each Brigadier is therefore Immediately to choose certain waggons to be prepared for the Tents of his Brigade & when orders are given to march, they are to suffer nothing to be put in those wagons but the Tents, and see that they are not heavey laden with them, and the more to facilitate the March of the Army, the Commissaries are to leave no Means Untryed to Procure a Supply of hard bread to be reserved for the March, & when the Army moves, they are to go forward before it, and get the Provisions ready to be delivered as soon as the Army halts.

The Q. M. G. will have ready a Proper Number of Empty Wagons to follow Each Brigade to take up the sick and lame, the

-------------------- page 476 --------------------
rest of the Baggage to be left under the care of a small Guard to follow on after the Army accompanied by the women, none of whom are to go with the troops. The Army is to be put & kept in readiness To March on the shortest Notice.


D. O. Ramapaugh July 24th 1777

There are great Complaints of the Horses of my Division being turned into the Inhabitant's Meadows without any orders for so doing Either by the Q. M. G. or any of his Deputies and that the Horses are beating down the Grass to the Great Injury of the owner of the Plantations. All the wagons and artillery Horses are Immediately to be taken out of the Meadows & grass Cut for the Cattle. Brigadiers are requested to see that this order be Immediately Executed as the Complaint comes through His Excellency.

The Commanding Officers of Regiments in any Division are Desired to have Vaults Dug as soon as possible after Encamping and the soldiers are strictly forbid going Into the fields of grain Adjoining to the Road. This is to be a standing Order & observed accordingly

NATH. GREEN, M. G.


Head Quarters July 24th 1777

After Orders

The Army is to march Tomorrow morning Early, Every thing to be prepared accordingly Agreeable to the orders of yesterday & nothing left to be done but striking the tents & Putting them into the waggons; at 5 O'clock or sooner the March to begin. Genl Mulenburg will Detach an Advance Guard, & Genl. Weedon the Rear Guard; there are to be no flanking Parties. The wagons with the tents of both Rrigades will follow the Division—the Rear Guard is to march in the Rear of the Artillery and Ammunition Wagons, the other baggage wagons of the Brigades precede the park of Artillery

TIM PICKERING, A. G.

-------------------- page 477 --------------------


B. O. July the 24th 1777

The Field Officers are requested to meet at Col Sumner's. marquee this Afternoon at 3 O'clock, to Examine the Claim & Dispute Subsisting between Messrs Pelham and Scott of the 1st Vir. Regt.

P. MUHLENBURG, B. G.


Head Quarters Pumpton July 25th 1777
Parole Marlborough
C—S. Montgomery
Field Officer of the Day tomorrow
Lt. Col. Blueford

The troops having arrived at the place of Encampment so early they can with the greatest Ease provide themselves with wood, and Each Brigade Genl. will see that done accordingly; that fences are ever burnt, is imputed to Inattention & want of Care in Officers, but at this Time will be Deemed to arise from the most Inexcusable Negligence. How Disagreeable to the Army is it that the Peaceable Inhabitants, our Country men & fellow Citizens, Dread our halting among them, Even for a night And are happy when they get redresses—This can only Proceed from the Distress from the Plundering and wanton distruction of their Property. To prevent those Evils it is the manifest Duty of the Officers, and were they Closely attentive to that Discipline and that it should ever be Established in Camp, for the most part Certainly might prevent them—The Commander in Chief therefore Expects that Officers of every Rank will exert themselves & Put a stop to such a Practise for the future—And if no other means will be sufficient that they Post Centries round their Encampment who shall take Prisoners every man when Guilty of them, and the Guilty will most assuredly meet with a Punishment Due to their Crimes. Two Soldiers in Genl. Sullivan's Division found Guilty of Plundering the Inhabitants, have lately been condemned to Die & one of them Executed; at all Events such Practise must be Prevented, it is our Duty Effectually to Protect the property of Our fellow Citizens—the Officers and men are to remain in their Encampments & not strole about from house to house all Around. The Officers doubtless ought to set the example in this matter, and if this caution was always attended to and the Men ready to observe it the Evils

-------------------- page 478 --------------------
before Complained of would be almost totally prevented—If it should not rain tomorrow morning nor the tents be too wet with the Dew the Army is to be ready to march tomorrow morning at 4 O'clock. Adjutant of the Day tomorrow, Robinson

Detail 1 sub. 1 sergt. 1 Corpl. & 10 men


B. O. July the 27th 1777

The Officers Commanding the Brigade are to find a Commanding Officer to pick up the Sick and stragglers from Mome (?) Town and March them slowly after the Brigade—They are to apply to some Officer in the Q. M. G's. Detachment for an order to press waggons—the Brigade to march tomorrow morning at 4 O'clock.

P. MUHLENBURG, B. G.


B. O. July 29th 1777.

As the Army is not to march to day the men are to take advantage of this halt to clean and put their Arms in good order. Are Likewise to Clean themselves that they may appear as Desent as Possible, Genl. Mullenburg will be absent for a few days, Col. Sumner in the mean time will take the Command of the Brigade.

Brigade Detail 1 sub. & 10 men.

P. MUHLENBURG, B. G.


D. O. July 30th 1777

The Commanding Officers of regts in Genl Mullenburg's and Weedon's Brigades are Immediately to Examine into the State of their Arms & Ammunition, and have those who are deficient in the latter supplyed without Delay—The Arms to be cleaned and put in the best order; it is Expected, a Punctual attention will be paid to this Order—

Detail
S
S
C
P
3
NATH. GREEN, M. G.

-------------------- page 479 --------------------


H. Q. German Town Augt 1st 1777

Gen. Green's Orders—by Express from his Excellency Genl Washington, received a few Hours past the Genl is desired to acquaint both Officers and Soldiers that they are not to go into the City of Philadelphia without a Permit from a Genl Officer. Any Officer that disobeys will be arrested and any soldier that attempts to go without leave will be severely Punished. All theGenl Officers are requested not to grant Permission to any Person unless it be to Execute Business of Real Necessity—the Commanding Officers of Regts are Directed to have Returns made out Immediately of the Arms out of repair in their Regts and the number wanting to furnish every man fit for Duty—the Arms in each Regt. that want no repair, are to be Cleaned and put in the best Order for Action. None of the Guards are to Load till further Orders. All the Arms that are loaded of each Regt. to be Drawn up at some Proper Place under the Direction of the Commanding Officer of the Regt. or some of the Field Officers and Discharged all at Once. And the Genl desires the Officers of Each Company to see that the men don't load for the sake of firing, such a wanton waste of Ammunition cannot be justified—the Q. Ms. of each Regt. are Directed to see that the men are provided with wood for Cooking—the Q. M. G. of each Division will direct the Regimental Q. M. where to cut wood—no fences to be burnt on any acct. All Officers of every Rank are Requested to protect the Inhabitants from Personal Insults, and their Property from being Plundered.

Adjt. for tommorrow Hodson


Brigade Orders, German Town Aug. the 2nd 1777

The Rev. Mr. Tate will Perform Divine Service this afternoon at 5 O'clock, the Capts. will see that all the men off Duty attend and behave Properly.


H. Quarters German Town Augt. the 2nd 1777

Major Genl. Green's Orders

The troops are to be Immediately furnished with two Days Provisions,

-------------------- page 480 --------------------
& to hold themselves in readiness to March at a Moments warning—the Tents are to be Immediately separated from all other Baggage—No Officer or soldier to be absent from Camp on any Acct; the Genl. expects a particular attention will be paid to this Order—the returns called for in yesterdays Orders to be made forthwith. The Commanding Officer of Each Regt. to appoint an Officer to procure such Cloathing as the men are in want of without delay—the old Orderly Books to be taken care of.


H. Quarters Col Hills Augt the 4th 1777

In the Present Marching state of the Army every Incumbrance Proves very prejudicial to the service, Especially those women who are pregnant or have Children, are a Clog npon every movement; the Commander in Chief therefore recommends it to the Officers Commanding Brigades & Corps to Use every Reasonable Method in their Power to get rid of all such as are not absolutely Necessary; And the Admission, or Continuance of any who shall or may have come to the Army Since its arrival in Pennsylvania, is positively forbidden, to which Point the Officers will give Particular attention. Pay Rolls for the month of July are to be made out Immediately, & lodged with the Pay Master Gen. for Examination. The Officers Commanding Corps will be answerable for the Execution of this Order.

A General Court martial to sit tomorrow morning at 9 O'clock, at, or near Judge Laurence's Quarters Near Schoolkil falls, for the Trial of all such Prisoners as shall be brought before them. Col James Wood is appointed President of this Court—the Regimental Surgeons are to send all their sick, to the General Hospital in Philadelphia.


General Orders Aug. 5th, 1777

The Court Martial ordered yesterday is to sit tomorrow morning at 6 O'clock at Palmers Tavern near Skoolkill falls and all the members must attend without fail 1 sergt. from each Brigade to attend the Court and 1 Capt for s'd Court martial; 1 Corprel & 6 men for guard.

-------------------- page 481 --------------------


Division Orders, German Town Aug 6th 1777

A fatigue Party to be Immediately appointed from Genl Mullenburg and Genl Weedon's Brigades, to Consist of a Capt. a Sub. 2 Sergt 2 Corp. & forty Privates from Each Brigade to be employed in Burying all the filth in and around the Encampment. All the Camp coloured men in Each Brigade to be Immediately set at work in filling up the old Vaults & Digging New Ones; all the filth round the environs of the camp, without the Vaults to be taken up and buryed; the Commanding Officers of the fatigue Parties are Desired to be very faithful in Cleaning the Camp. Genl Mullenburg and Genl Weedon are desired to appoint an officer from each brigade to Examine such Provisions as Officers refuse to take, that Justice may be done to the Continent and the Soldiers, the names of the Persons to be sent to the Commissary of the Division & Inserted in the Brigade Orders that the Officers may know who to apply to when any Dispute happens. The Genl desires that the troops may be Exercised twice a day Morning and Evening during their stay here, and all the Officers to be on the Parade.


Brigade Orders, German Town Aug 6th 1777

Agreeable to Major Genl. Green's Orders of this Day Lt. Robt. Woodson of the 9th Vir. Regt is appointed to inspect such Provisions as may be refused by the Officers belonging to the Brigade & shall see that equal Justice be done to the Continent as well as Soldiers. The Adjutant of the Day is to furnish the Commissary of the Division with a Copy of this Order.

Q. M. B. G.


Head Quarters Baxton Aug 6th 1777

Parole——

A Board of General Officers Consisting of all the Maj. and Brigadier Genls in Camp, is to sit tomorrow at 10 O'clock at forenoon at Genl. Stephens Quarters at Doctor Smith's House near schoolkil falls—to make Enquiry why the pay abstracts are not regularly made out and Lodged with the Pay Master Genl. According

-------------------- page 482 --------------------
to Orders, the Pay abstracts of every Regt. & Corps in the Army for the month of July, and any time preceding that month, for which they have not been made out, are to be Compleated and Delivered to the Paymaster Genl. by Monday next. The Officers Comp'y. & Corps will be answerable for the Execution of this order—and every Officer who does not Deliver in his abstract Punctually by the time above asisgned may Depend upon being arrested, and Tried for Disobedience of Orders, unless there are reasons which may render it Impracticable to any to make out & Deliver their Abstracts at that time, & in that Case they are to appear tomorrow and lay their reasons before the above mentioned Board of Genl Officers; if they do not, it will be taken for granted that no such reason Exist.

Joseph Ware Esqr. Commissary Genl. of Musters, will attend the same Board to assign the reasons why the Regts and Corps of the Army have not been more generally mustered. The regimental paymasters are to apply immediately for a warrant to Receive the pay for their several Corps for the month of June. As the time is Uncertain when the Army may March, but may be very soon and sudden all Officers and soldiers are to keep near their quarters, & such Officers as have had leave to go to Philadelphia, are to Return, & none Permitted to go thither, but upon real Necessary Business, which being finished, they are Com'd to join their respective Corps—whenever the Army moves, it will Probably be necessary that it March with the Utmost Celerity; the Tents therefore Agreeable to former Orders are to be loaded in wagons by themselves, and in such Manner that they may without Difficulty keep up with the troops; for the same reason the Officers will take with them but a few articles of Cloathing, such as shall be Indispensably Necessary, leaving the bulk of their Baggage to be brought on After them And in order to facilitate the March, the Q. M. G. is to provide so many waggons as Necessary to Carry the mens Packs, but their Packs are not to be stuffed with loads of useless trumpery, as from the sizes of many there is reason to suppose is now the Case; the Officers are to see that they are not, for which purpose the Commander in Chief most Earnestly Desires and Expects that the Officers Particularly Inspect the Packs of their men and Select only such articles as are Necessary & Useful, all the rest of Each mans, being rolled up by itself, is to be Collected

-------------------- page 483 --------------------
by the Q. Ms. of the Regt. & by them Deposited in Proper places, to be provided by the Q. M. G. Pursuant to a Resolve of Congress of the 6th July last, the Officers commanding Regts. & Corps are directed that in Case they have any Sergt, Corpl, Drummer or Private man, Deemed Incapable of doing Field Duty, such Men should be Examined by the Director Genl. of the Hospital, or some other Physician or Surgeon, and if judged fit for Garrison duty, are not to be discharged, but transferred to the Invalid Corps & sent to Philadelphia, as soon as possible—Men only having one leg or one arm each, if otherwise Capable of doing Garrison Duty are to be Deemed proper Recruits for this Corps.

A General Court Martial of the light Dragoons is to sit tomorrow morning at 9 O'clock at Leach's Tavern in German Town for the Trial of all Prisoners belonging to any of the Corps of Light Dragoons which shall be brought before them—Col Seldon is appointed President of this Court Col McLaine will direct the several Officers for members which the deficient Corps of Horse are to furnish, and the Judge Advocate Genl. will appoint a Deputy to attend the Court.


Head Qarters German Town Aug. 7th 1777

The Commanding Officers of Regts. are to Consult with the Other Field Officers and Capt. of Companies belonging to their Regts. on what allowance of Soap is absolutely Necessary with Proper Economy to keep the Soldiers Clean,—a report of their opinion to be made immediately to the Board of Genl Officers that sit to day, Agreeable to yesterdays orders, who are to take the same into consideration and Report their Opinion of it.

The Waggons with the heavy Baggage of all the Brigades are to March immediately to Cornells ferry & Cross, and wait on the other side till further orders; Each Brigade is to send a small guard with their own wagons, under Proper Officers, the whole to be under the Comm'd of a field Officer. The waggons are to move in the following order—those of Lord Sterling's Division first, Genl Lincoln next, Genl Stephens next, Genl Greens last—The Boats are also to move on at the same Time; the forrage Master Genl. will take care that forrage is Provided for the Teams, upon their

-------------------- page 484 --------------------
March—and at the ferry the troops of the whole line are to be in readiness to be reviewed Tomorrow morning at 5 O'clock, when it is Expected that every Officer and soldier, not on Duty and able will attend—the troops are to be Drawn up on their respective Brigade Parade—it is Expected that all the waggoners and waggons and teams, which will remain in Camp will all be in their places, that an Inspection may be had, in the Condition therein. This order the Waggon Master Genl. will take care to see Complyed with.


Head Quarters Roxboro Aug. the 8th 1777

At a General Court Martial held the 18th & 19th of July last, the following Soldiers were tried for various Crimes & acquitted—Viz

Joseph Halburt of the 15th Pennsylvania Regt. was Tryed for Desertion, but it appeared to the Court that he was Intitled to the Benefit of the Pardon Granted by the Commander in Chief Previous to the Execution of Thomas Smith who was shot at Middle Brook. Timothy Branner & William Smith of the 6th Maryland Regt. William Foster and Adam Brooks of the 10th Vir. Regt. Isaac Proctor of the 15th Vir. Regt. found guilty but the Commander in Chief Grieved at the Number of Offenders, Ever Desirous of showing Mercy, where it is not Incompatible with Publick Good and hoping that his Clemency may hereafter have a happy tendency to reclaim the Guilty was pleased to grant a General Pardon & the Offenders Convicted are hereby Declared to be Pardoned; the following sentences of the same Court Martial are approved of by the Commander in Chief: Capt. Fursback of Col Armand's Corps Charged first for Absenting Himself without Leave, secondly when being Ordered to joyne his Comp'y when under Arms Answered he had Time Enough & Declined Doing it, thirdly, when being put Under Arrest, made use of bad Language & Treated the Col. in a manner Unbecoming an Officer, fourthly when the Corps were Ordered to March Into Amboy he Uttered Discontent Loudly before the Soldiers, & wanted to know why they were returning to Amboy, acquitted of the first and found Guilty of the second third and fourth charges & sentenced to be Reprimanded in Gen'l Orders & to ask Pardon of Col Armand in the Presence of the Officers of his Corps. The Commander in Chief wishes all Officers to be

-------------------- page 485 --------------------
impressed with this Truth, that nothing is more essential in the Military Service than an Exact subordination & ready obedience to the Commands of Superior Officers, that it is this which gives Life and vigor to an Army, that a Contrary Conduct must Clog & impede every Movement & Excite a spirit of Discontent Disobedience and Licentiousness amongst the troops, that in their view the Conduct of Capt. Fursback must be deemed highly Criminal & of a very Dangerous Tendency. Lt. Higgins, Capt. Clarke & Lt Kinly of the Eighth Vir. Regt. and Capt. Lungdon of the 12th Vir Regt. Charged Severally with Neglect of Duty in not having their mens arms in good order & with Disobedience of the Genl Orders Relating thereto Acquitted. Capt Berry Lt Myers & Ensign Westall of the eighth Vir Regt., Capt Brent and Lt Smith of the 4th Vir Regt, Charged severally with Neglect of Duty in not having their mens arms in good order & with Disobedience of the General Orders Relating thereto—found Guilty and sentence that Lt Myers & Smith be severely reprimanded in general Orders. The mander in Chief cannot forbear to Express his astonishment at the Carelessness of Officers in a Point of such Importance as this now mentioned, & that this Carelessness too should take Place after repeated & most Particular Orders Recently given to have the Arms thoroughly Cleaned and put in the best Order seeing their own Personal safety, that of the Army and of the Country depends upon the efficiency of the mens arms. 'Tis Truly surprising that Officers can rest easy for one hour when there is the smallest probability that they are unfit for Immediate Action whether Orders for Examining and Cleaning them be given or not, for it is a duty so obvious that the Officers of Regts. and Comp'ys should see to it themselves at all times and not Oblige the Commander in Chief to Attend to every Circumstance that Regards Each Particular Corps. The Brigade Commissaries are to attend this afternoon 5 O'clock at the Market House in German Town to Draw a Gill of Vinegar per Man for their Respective Brigades.


Camp near Trent Town Aug. 29th 1777

Parole, Jersies.

The Brigade to march immediately to the Orchard near Trent Town where they are to Encamp, the Brigade Major with the

-------------------- page 486 --------------------
Regimental Qr Mr are to Proceed to lay out the Encampment.

Regt. Orders.

Augt 10th 1777 Trent Town Camp.

Capt. Thomas Granbury is appointed to take the Commd of Capt Bradley's Compy until further Orders

Col Martin's Orders the 10th of Aug. 1777

Field Officers for Tomorrow Col. Lamb. A Regimental Court martial to sit tomorrow morning for the Tryal of all such Prisoners as are Confined for small Offences


Camp near Trent Town Augt. the 11th 1777

Parole, Sumner

Field Officer for the Day tomorrow Col. Clark, Guards to mount as Usual—Necessaries to be made tomorrow for the purpose of Keeping the Camp Clean and for the future it is Expected that the Qr. Masters will see it done when ever we may be Encamped, without further Orders; a Contrary Conduct will be Deemed a Breaking of Standing Orders—The Brigade to be under Arms tomorrow morning at 5 O'clock in Order to go through the manœuvres in Brigade, when it is expected all Officers not on Duty will attend at their respective Stations


Camp at Trent Town Aug. 12th 1777

Parole, Polk

Guards to Mount as Usual

Field Officer of the Day tomorrow Col Martin, a vacancy having happened by the resignation of Lt. Col Ingram of the 8th Regt.—A Board of Officers, Consisting of all the field Officers of the brigade to sit tomorrow morning at 11 O'clock for the purpose of filling the s'd vacancy

COL. MARTIN, President.


Camp at Trent Town Aug. 13th 1777

Parole, Buncombe

-------------------- page 487 --------------------

Guards to mount as Usual.

Field Officer for the Day tomorrow Col Sumner. A General Court Martial to be held tomorrow for the Tryal of such Officers as are Under arrest, which Officers will be furnished at the same time of sitting—the same Court will also try all prisoners in the Main Guard Charged with Capital Crimes.

Col Polk President.

The Reverend Mr. Boyd Judge Advocate.

Two men of a Comp'y to be turned out Every Morning to Clean the Camp of Every thing Offensive, and as the Camp of the Artillery corps hath been Observed to be Remarkably Offensive, by throwing Bones, and Scraps of meat and other things about their Tents, it is hoped they will pay Particular attention to this Order. The Brigade to be Under Arms for Exercise, Precisely at 5 O'clock tomorrow morning, to Continue two hours and no longer.


Camp at Trent Town, Aug. 14th, 1777.

Parole, Russell.

Guard to mount as Usual.

Field Officer for the Day tomorrow Col. Polk.

As it is apprehensive that the Chief Cause of the present Sickness in Camp Among the Soldiers, is Owing to the too frequent use of Bathing in the Heat of the Day, the Genl thinks proper to Order in the most Explicit terms, that for the future no Non-Commissioned Officer or Soldier Do on any Pretence whatever go into the water to Bathe between the Beating of the troop in the morning & the Retreat in the Evening, and it is ordered that such as trespass this Order may be taken proper Notice of. The Field Officer of the Day will Order from the Main Guard, two or three Times a Day, a sergt. and Guard, with Orders to Confine all Delinquents. A Genl. Return to be made tomorrow of the whole Brigade.

After Orders.

Mr. Thomas the Brigade Qr. Mr., together with the Regt. Qr. Mr., to Proceed Immediately with the Prisoners to lay Out a New Encampment, & the Troops to March to it In the morning.

-------------------- page 488 --------------------


Camp at Trent Town, Augt. 15th, 1777.

Parole, Hogun.

Guards to Mount as Usual.

Field Officer of the Day tomorrow Col. Hogun. Capt. Nanhare, (?) Capt. Francis Proctor, Capt. Lieut Cotnam, Lieut Bond, Lt. Barker, Lt. McConnel & Lt. Douglas, all Artillery Officers having been arrested and tryed for Disobedience of Orders, and sleeping Out of their Encampment, it is the Opionion of the Court that they were Guilty of the Charge, but some Circumstances appearing in their favour, the Court were Induced to sentence them to receive A reprimand from Col. Proctor the Commanding Officer of their Corps, which the Genl. hopes will be a sufficient Caution to them for the future. When therefore they receive the s'd Reprimand they are Discharged from their arrestment. Lt. Shute of the Artillery being also arrested & Tryed for going into Town, when Officer of the Guard after 8 O'clock at Night, was found Guilty by the Court, but being Particularly recommended as a good Officer by the Col & Major of his Regt., The Court were induced only to subject him to a Reprimand in General Orders, which however Inadequate to the nature of his offence as an Officer, the Genl. hopes will answer the good purpose Intended by the Court, the s'd Lt. Shute is therefore discharged from his arrest.

Lt. James Wells having been arrested and Tryed for ungentleman like behaviour in Giving Capt. Wilkinson the lye and striking him, when going to arrest him and some unfavourable Circumstances appearing in the Conduct of Capt. Wilkinson, the Court were Induced to acquit Lt. Wells, who is accordingly Discharged from his arrest.


Camp at Trent Town, Aug. 17th, 1777.

Parole, Clark.

Guard to Mount as Usual.

Field Officer of the day tomorrow Col. Sumner.

The punishment ordered Joseph Stephens by the general Court Martial is Remitted. He is therefore released from his confinement and to joyne his Regiment.

John Mitchell charged with Desertion, being acquitted by the Court Martial, is to be released from his confinement and to Joyne his Regiment.

-------------------- page 489 --------------------

John Churn charged with Desertion, is Acquitted by the Court Martial and is to Joyne his Regt.

Thomas Stead charged with having stolen 30 Dollars from Capt. Steel, was found guilty of the Charge & Sentenced by the Court, to receive 50 Lashes on his bare back, and after two days' confinement, unless he returns the s'd 30 Dollars, to receive 50 more and to be put under Stoppages monthly until he shall have paid the same, which sentence is approved, and ordered that he receive the first part of his Punishment tomorrow evening at 6 o'clock.

Joel Martin accused with Desertion being recommended to the Court for Mercy is ordered to be released from his confinement & to joyne his Regiment (viz) the first.

Thos. Wiggins & Benj. Dean charged with Desertion. The Court find that after having Enlisted with Capt. Inlow, they had been prevailed on by the insinuation of Capt. Oliver, Master of a Vessel to Enlist with Capt. Harget, & some other circumstances appearing in their favour, the Court have Acquitted them & direct that they Joyne Capt. Inlow's Comp'y & do Duty accordingly, which is approved.

William Turner is sentenced to receive 50 Lashes for sleeping on his post, but being particularly recommended by the Court, his punishment is remitted & ordered that he joyne his Regt.

Edward Evans being Concerned in stealing money, is acquitted by the Court & is therefore released from his confinement and to Joyne his Regiment.

Anthony Green, for disobeying orders and insulting his officer is found guilty and sentenced to receive 50 Lashes on his bare back, which is approved.

James Legars, accused of sleeping on his post, is acquitted by the Court, and is therefore to joyne his Regiment.

The 13th Vir. Regt. being under marching orders are to be releaved, such as are on duty this evening, in order that they may prepare for the march. A return to be made tomorrow by the Regt. Surgeons of the sick in Camp & Hospital, describing their Complaints, &c.


Camp at Trent Town, Aug. 17th, 1777.

B. O. James Barrow is appointed Drum Major & John Christian

-------------------- page 490 --------------------
appointed director of Fife Major, and they are to be looked on as such, & obeyed by the drums and fifes properly in that station.


Camp at Trent Town, Aug. 18th, 1777.

Parole, Proctor.

Field Officer for the day tomorrow, Col. Polk.

Guards to mount as usual.

The Field Officers of the North Carolina Brigade constituting a Board for filling a vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Lt. Col. Ingram of the 8th Regt., having complained of the irregularity of the promotion of Col. Lamb and Col. Lytle & having requested of Gen. Nash to lay before his Excellency the Commander in Chief, their state of the case, previously to the s'd vacancy being filled, the Gen'l informs them he has done so & received from his Excellency the following answer, viz.

It appears to me by the representation signed by the Board of Field Officers of your Brigade that it had been the usage of the State of North Carolina for all the officers to rise Regimentally by which rule Col. Lamb & Col. Lytle succeeded in Course.

When the regulation was made by a Board of Gen'l Officers on the 13th of June last, that all promotions to the rank of Maj. should be Regimentally & after that in the line of State; it was never intended to have a retrospect other ways, it would have unhinged the arrangement of Pennsylvania, Virginia, and most of the Eastern States. I am therefore of the opinion that it was the usage of the State of No. Carolina to promote Regimentally when Col. Lamb and Col. Lytle received their Commissions. That they should hold them and that the eldest Major upon the line in your State shall succeed Lt. Col. Ingram. The said Board of Field Officers will therefore proceed to fill the said vacancy & to make the proper arrangement, in consequence of the s'd promotion.

After Orders.

The whole Brigade to be served with Whiskey tomorrow morning, for which purpose the Regt. Quarter Master will attend early in the morning.

-------------------- page 491 --------------------


Camp at Trent Town, Aug. 19th, 1777.

Parole, Dickenson.

Guard to mount as usual.

Field Officer of the day tomorrow, Col. Hogun.

The D. W. M. G. is allowed to make use of such artificers belonging to the Brigade as he thinks proper for the purpose of repairing the wagons, shoeing horses, &c., who are to be exempt from other duty while they are so employed.

The Quarter Master stationed at this place is requested to provide immediately a good pasture for the horses belonging to the Brigade. Fatigue parties to be daily sent out under the direction of a careful Sergt. to cut firewood for the Brigade.

Lt. McKinney of the 5th Regt. having resigned his Commission, it will be necessary that the vacancy thereby occasioned be filled as soon as convenient.

Brigade Orders. A Return to be made from each Comp'y of all such gnus as are out of order immediately, that the Armourer may be set about them without delay.


Camp at Trent Town, Aug. 20th, 1777.

Parole, Delaware.

Guards to Mount as Usual.

Field Officer of the Day tomorrow, Col Lamb.

The Troops to be served with Whiskie Every Day during the Continuance of this Bad weather. As a Pasture is provided by the Deputy forrage Master, all the Horses belonging to the Brigage are to be Immediately sent there, Under the Care of a Sergt Guard who are to be Released Daily A return to be made by the the D. W. M. G. tomorrow of all waggons belonging to the Brigade. The Gen1. Court Martial appointed for the Tryal of Lt. Robert Greer of the 8th Regt. Having found him Guilty of the Charge & Sentenced him to be Cashiered the Gen1 approves the sentence, but the s'd Lt. Greer being since Recommended by a Number of officers Among whom are the Greatest Part of the Members of the Court by which he was tryed the Genl. is hopeful that this will serve as a Caution to him in future, and thinks Proper to Restore the s'd Lt. Greer to his Office. He is therefore Discharged from his arrest and will join his Regt.

After Orders.

-------------------- page 492 --------------------

The Great Sickness lately Prevalent Among the Troops in Camp has become very Alarming & makes it Necessary that Every Possible Care & Precaution should be used to put a stop to it & that cannot more Effectually be Done than by attending properly to the care of the sick, by seeing that the Hospitals are kept in good order. It is ordered that in future the Lt Cols. and Major undertake that Duty by Rotation and that they Carefully visit the Hospitals, (at least) Twice Every Day, & see that nothing that can be Procured is wanting for the sick, and also that they make a Daily report of the sick Together with any Observation on the Conduct of the Surgeons they may Make. Lt. Col Patten will Superintend the Hospitals tomorrow. Agreeable to the Opinion of a Court Martial it is Ordered that the money taken from Wiloughby Johnston & which is now in the hands of Lt. Lewis be Delivered to Arthur Corbin as his property.


Trent Town, Aug. 22nd, 1777.

Parole, Prince Town

Guards to Mount as Usual.

Field Officer of the Day, Col. Clark.

And for tomorrow, Col. Martin.

For the Hospital today, Col. Thackston.

And Col. Lytle for tomorrow.

The Troops are to hold themselves in readiness to March, & to be Prepared to March at an hour's warning. And as it is possible Our March will be Northwardly, the Genl. once more Recommends to the Officers in general to leave any superfluous Baggage they may have at this Place. The Experience of Last Campaign Abundantly evinced the Absurdity of heavy Baggage & the Disadvantage Arising therefrom, to Individuals as well as to the Publick. As it is of great Importance that the Commander in Chief should be well informed of the state and Strength of Every Part of his Army, it will be Necessary that Weekly Returns be made. It is therefore Expressly Directed that the Command'g Officer of Each Regt. Make a Return Every Monday Morning Agreeable to the form prescribed. One Copy of which will be delivered by the Brigade Major to the Commanding Officer of Each Regt., & as the greatest Exactness will be Required, it is Recommended to the

-------------------- page 493 --------------------
Returning Officer Carfully to Compare his return with the former one, and take Care that they Correspond, or the Alteration satisfactorily Accounted for.

After Orders.

Ensign Carpenter, who was Cashiered by a Court Martial held at Alexandria the 12sh of June Last, appeals from the Sentence of s'd Court, and has Assigned to his Excellency the Commander in Chief, the following Error: First that Capt. Edward Vail one of the Members of the Court gave his Deposition after he, the Prisoner, had with drawn. Secondly that the Deposition of some Ladies which was introduced as Evidences were taken Exparte. & thirdly that the Court was composed of Persons known to be his Enemies. Therefore it is ordered that a Court of Enquiry, none of whom is to be under the Degree of Capt. be held this Afternoon at 3 O'clock to Enquire how far said reasons can be supported by Mr. Carpenter, who will be notified when & where to attend.

Col. Buncombe,
President.
The Rev. Mr. Boyd Judge Advocate.


Trent Town, Aug. 23rd, 1777.
Parole, Chester.
Field Officer for the Day tomorrow Col Sumner.

The Genl. to Beat Immediately, and the troops to be in rediness to March at Troop beating. Instead of the men falling in as Usual, they will strike their Tents, have them Neatly folded up, and put into the proper wagons under the Directin of the Regimental Quarter Mrs., one Hour after which the long Roll will beat.—No woman will be suffered to ride in waggons, which Order the D. W. M. G. will see Compl'd with. All the wagons Except those Used for the Baggage of the Brigade to be Imployed as Hospital waggons. Mr. Thomas the Brigade Quarter Mr. will Immediately Apply & let the Genl. know whether Boats can be Procured sufficient to transport the Baggage by water.—He will also have the ferry Boats Divided between the Upper and lower ferries of Delaware, and in order for carrying over the wagons. Two Days Salt Provisions to be Immediately served to the Troops.—All the Sick, who are able to

-------------------- page 494 --------------------
move Together with their Baggage are to go in Boats Provided for that Purpose, Under the Care of a Careful Capt. & Two Subalterns. They are to Embark this Evening, or tomorrow morning according as the Tide will answer and Proceed Directly to Chester, where they will Land the men and have them Quartered in houses untill the Brigade comes up with them.—The wagons &c to be first got over the river and then the Regts. agreeable to their Order of March. The whole to be superintended by the field Officer of the Day.


Philadelphia, Aug. 25th, 1777.

Parole.——

A Return to be made Immediately of all the old Tents in the Brigade in Order that they may be Exchanged for New ones.

Field Officer for to-morrow, Col Buncombe.

The Brigade to march tomorrow morning Early to Derby.


Derby, Aug. 26th, 1777.

The Brigade to march at 11 O'clock and Proceed as far as Chester, where, if the Weather is Dry, they will Immediately have their Tents Pitched. One Day's Provisions to be Drawn at Chester this Evening. A Deputy Q. M. G. will Immediately Proceed and Press into the Service as many Draught Horses as will be sufficient to Carry on the Baggage as far as Chester, where he must endeavour to Procure others in their Room.

After Orders.

The Quarter Mrs. of the Different Regts to attend Immediately and Draw Whiskey for their Men and one Day's Rations. The Troops to March tomorrow Morning at 4 O'clock, and the Quarter Mrs. to see the wagons loaded, first with the Tents, which is to be Observed as Standing Orders.

1. Capt., 3. Subs. & 50 Privates to Mount this Evening as a grass Guard and the greatest Care to be taken no Horses get away.

-------------------- page 495 --------------------


Camp at Wilmingtown, August 28th, 1777.

The whole of the troops to be set about Cleaning their Arms & accoutrements, & get Every thing in the best repair, they will be Carefully Examined by the Officers this Evening. A report to be made of the No. of Cartridges fit for use.

After Orders.

All the Cartridge Boxes belonging to the Brigades to be Immediately filled with Cartridges, and an Officer of Each Comp'y to attend with the Quarter Master and see that the Cartridges are filled to the size of their Arms. No Soldier shall presume to charge his peice untill Orders are Issued for that Purpose. And the Utmost Care to be taken to keep the Arms in good Order; the Quarter Master of the Brigade, will apply for flints, and serve out to such as are without. A General Return to be made tomorrow morning unless Prevented by Marching Orders.

Brigade Orders.

Agreeable to a General Order of yesterday, a Corps of Light Infantry to be Immediately formed Consisting of one Field Officer, two Capts., 6 Subs., 8 sergts. & 100 Rank and file who are Immediately to March & joyne the other Like Parties at Couch's Mills leaving behind all their Baggage Except Blankets and Napsacks.

All the Tents of the Brigade are to be Immediately struck & Rolled up ready to be put in the waggons.

Col. Martin, Field Officer for the Command.


Wilmingtown, Aug. 29lh, 1777.

General Orders.

Maj. Genl for tomorrow,
Green.
Brigadier Genl.,
Wayne.
Field Officer,
Lt Coll. Hubby.
Brigade Maj.,
Harper.

The Cases or Spare Cannisters of Cartridges are to be Divided into Eleven Equal Parts & one such Part Delivered to Each Brigade Including the two in Genl. Sullivan's Division & Genl. Nash's Brigade. The Brigadiers are to Distribute the Cases in the most Equal Manner Among the Regts. of the Brigade Respectively,

-------------------- page 496 --------------------
and the Command'g Officers of Regts among their men. Corps of Light Infantry is to be formed Immediately. Each Brigade is to make a Return Immediately to the Q. M. G. of the No. of arm Chests Necessary for Carrying safely all the spare arms there may from time to time happen to be in their Brigade by means of sickness or other Usual Accidents. The Paymasters of Regts. are forthwith to apply to the Paymaster Genl. to Receive the pay for their Regiments, for the month of July.

B. O. Field Officer for tomorrow Lt Col. Patton.

The Commanding Officer of Comp'ys will Immediately set about making out their Muster Rolls Agreeable to the form Delivered to each Colo & be in readiness for having their men Mustered tomorrow morning at 10 O'clock, Except Prevented by Marching Orders. It is again Ordered, that no Officer or Soldier do on any Pretence fire his Piece, without leave of the Commanding Officer in Camp. Any Non-Commissioned Officer or Soldier found Transgressing this Order will be tryed and punished on the spot. 22 Privates best acquainted with Artillery to be selected from the Brigades this Evening, who are to joyne the Capt. of Artillery, for that purpose, and will receive the pay of Artillery, during the time they continue in that Service. 4 Soldiers Tents to be sent along with them. A list of their names to be delivered to the Artillery Capt.


Camp at Piscataway, 5th July, 1778.

Division Orders by Major Genl. Baron de Steuben.

Each Brigade will furnish the Following detail for the advance and rear guard:

The oldest Col (not Command'g a Brigade) and the oldest Major will Command the Advance Guard. The second Colonel and the second Major will Command the Rear Guard. The Brigadiers may keep one waggon with their Brigade, the rest will follow the Rear Guard agreeable to the Orders given by the Q. M. G. The whole will be formed in Batt'ns ready for Marching at 3 O'clock tomorrow morning. The Advance Guard on the Left of Huntingdon's and the Rear Guard on the Right of Woodfords. At half past

-------------------- page 497 --------------------
3 O'clock the March will beat on which the whole will March by the left by fours

Detail
C
L
S
C
D
F
P
Rear Guard
1.
2.
2.
2.
2.
30
Advance Guard
2.
2.
2.
30
Baggage Guard
1.
1.
1.
30


Division Orders, Quibble Town, 6th July, 1778.

Field Officers for the Advance guard today, Lieut. Col. Neville, Major Sill.

Rear Guard, Lieut. Col. Mebane & Maj. West

For Advance Guard tomorrow, Lt. Col. Sherman & MaJ. West.

Brigade MaJ. for the Present day from Woodford's Brigade, tomorrow from Scott's Brigade.

Major Fisk of the 2nd N. York Regiment is appointed to do the Duty of Adjt. Genl. to the right wing of the Army and is to be obeyed as such.

Returns of the names of the field Officers, and field Returns to be given in this afternoon at 4 O'clock of the several Brigades.

The Division will be under Arms and ready to march Precisely at 5 O'clock A. M. Upon the march being beat in rear and passed the front, the Head of the column will begin its march.

Commanding Officers of Regiments will be particularly Careful that no Soldiers straggle from their Regiments or leave their Plattoons, to march on the flanks of the Battalion. Those men who are incapable of marching in Batt'n are to march with the Baggage and be under the Direction of the Officer Commanding the Baggage Guard who will be answerable for any disorder or Marauding Committed by them. On the arrival of the Troops on the ground of Encampment this Evening, the Advance Guard forms the Camp Guard under the direction of the Field Officers, and tomorrow A. M. at troop beating will Come in and form the rear Guard on the right of Woodford's Brigade. The same Detail tomorrow for Advance Guard. As today to Parade at troop beating on the left of Huntington's Brigade, the Genl. to beat at 3 O'clock, the troop at ½ past three tomorrow morning. When the rear Brigade is ready for Marching the Drummer to beat a March which will be answered up to the front and the Head of the Column then begins to march.

-------------------- page 498 --------------------


Head Quarters, Springfield, July 7th, 1778.

Major Johnston for the Advance Guard this Day vice Maj. Sumner.

Brigade Major tomorrow from the North Carolina Brigade.

A Court Martial to sit tomorrow A. M. Whereof Lieut. Col. Mead is appointed President to meet at such time and place as the presdt. appoint for the Trial of Capt. Lipscomb of the 7th Vir. Regt. Each Brigade will furnish two Capts for the Court. Col Jackson's Detachment to furnish a Guard for the Park consisting of one sub. one sergt. one Corp. & twenty Privates, which will be relieved duly from that Corps & a field return to be sent in this afternoon. An Orderly Sergt. from each Brigade will attend at Head Quarters whenever the Division halts.

The Genl in riding forward of the Troops this morning was much disgusted and surprised to find the houses for several miles filled with Officers and Soldiers. He positively forbids this unmilitary practise & hopes that Officers of every Rank will remain with their men.

The Genl. is sensible of the Evil arising from eating unripe fruit & therefore wishes that Officers of all Ranks will be indefatigable in preventing the Soldiers from doing themselves this injury.

Officers are on no account to lodge out of Camp except in case of Sickness and permit obtained, as soldiers would with equal propriety follow their example in this instance. The Commandding Officers of Brigades will attend Head Quarters this afternoon at 5 O'clock; Brigade Commanders at 3 O'clock.

Detail
C
S
S
C
D
Pri.
For Guard
1.
13
Qr. Guard
6


Head Quarters, Ward Session,
July 8th, 1778.

B. O. Parole.— C. Signs—.

Field Officers for tomorrow, Lt. Col. Cropper & Maj. Gilman.

Brigade Maj. from Poor's Brigade.

The division will remain on its present ground tomorrow, when

-------------------- page 499 --------------------
the troops will wash themselves and their clothes, & clean their arms.

Tomorrow A. M. the troop will beat a 7 o'clock, when the same number of Guards will parade as this morning, on their own parades, and relieve the Guards from and in front of their respective Brigades. The Commanding Officers of Brigades and regiments are carefully to prevent marauding and every kind of excess from being committed, as the inhabitants will furnish the Division with wood. There must be great care taken to preserve the fences and inclosures. The horses of the Division may be turned into the adjacent meadows, but it is positively forbidden to suffer them to run in the corn fields. The Court Martial mentioned in yesterday's orders will sit tomorrow morning 8 o'clock at the President's quarters. The Brigade Commissaries will furnish the Brigades with fresh provisions for today and tomorrow.

Detail tomorrow as today.

Varnum's, no Captain.

Detail, 1st Regt.
C
S
S
C
D
F
P
1
1
12
“ 2nd
1
13
1
1
1
25


Head Quarters, Ward Session,
9th July, 1778.

Field Officers for the Advance Guard tomorrow, Lt. Col. Harney.

Major Clark, Brigade Maj. for Varnum's Brigade.

The Genl. will beat tomorrow A. M. at 2 o'clock, the troop at half past 2, and the march will immediately follow. The Division will march by the left in the usual Order, the Advance Guard will form on the left of Huntington's Brigade. Mr. Mitchell, Q. M. of Varnum's Brigade, will procure two Guides for the march. The Brigade Q. Masters will march with the Advance Guard. The Brigade Majors will attend daily at 12 o'clock at Head Quarters for orders.

Genl. Varnum's Brigade is immediately to send a Guard of 1 Sub., 2 Sergt., 2 Corps. & 30 privates to his Excellency's quarters. Genl. Huntington to furnish the Baron's Guard tomorrow. Provisions to be issued to the division for tomorrow & next Day.

-------------------- page 500 --------------------


Slaughterdam Head Quarters, July 10th, 1778.

Division Orders.

Field Officers for the Advance Guard tomorrow, Lt. Col. Dearbourne, Maj. Murfree.

Brigade Major from Huntington's Brigade.

Brigade weekly returns to be delivered in tomorrow at Orderly Time.

The Army is to march tomorrow at the same time and in the same order as today. The Commanding Officer of Artillery will appoint a Q. Master for his Corps and Col. Jackson's Regiment.

Mr. Mitchell will appoint 2 Guides tomorrow who will attend the van with the Brigade Q. Masters, and the Q. Master of the train.

Detail.
C
S
S
C
P
2
2
25.
Brigade Detail,
C
S
S
C
P
“ “
1st Regt.
1
1
12
“ “
2nd
1
1
13
Qr Guard,
1st Regt.
1
6
“ “
2nd
1
6


Head Quarters, Paramus, July 11th, 1778.

The Commander in Chief is happy to communicate to the Army the first testimony of the approbation of their Country, contained in the following resolves of Congress of the 7th inst:

Resolved that Genl. Washington be directed to signify the thanks of Congress to the gallant Officers & Soldiers under his Command, who distinguished themselves by their conduct and valour at the Battle of Montmouth.

The left wing of the Army will march tomorrow at 10 o'clock; Those gentlemen belonging to it who are concerned as witnesses in the case of Genl. Lee are to remain behind and attend the Court Martial.

Division Orders.

Field Officers, Lieut. Col. Nevil, Maj. Hait.

Brigade Major from Woodford's Brigade.

-------------------- page 501 --------------------

The Division to be in constant readiness to march, & if not called upon to march the troop to beat at 7 o'clock A. M., when all the guards will be relieved from their Brigade Parade.

Scott's Brigade will furnish the Barons Guard tomorrow.

Detail.
C
S
S
C
D
F
P
3
2
2
25
Court Martial,
1
1
12

A Division Court Martial whereof Lt. Col. Mebane is appointed President to sit tomorrow 9 o'clock at the President's Quarters for the trial of all such Prisoners as shall be brought before them Woodfords and Scotts, each to furuish a Capt., North Carolina & Huntingdons each 2 Captains, Poor's and Varnum's each 3 Captains as members.

Brigade Detail.
C
S
S
C
D
F
P
Pickett,
1st Regmt.
3
1
1
13
2nd
1
1
12
Court Mart.,
1st
1
6
“ “
2nd
1
6
Qr. Guard,
1st
1
6
“ “
2nd
1
6

Officer for Guard tomorrow Lieut Walton & Craven & Ensign Wright; for Court martial Capt. Read.


Sunday Head Quarters, Paramus 12th, July 1777.

At a Genl Court Martial in the right wing of the Army, at Watersession 9th July 1778 Lt. Col Mead President, Capt. Lipscomb acting Q. M. Genl to the Division Commanded by Major Genl. Baron Stuben tried for treating the Genl in a Disrespectful manner, after Considering the Charge and Evidence, the Court are Unanimously of opinion that Capt. Lipscomb is not Guilty of the Charge Exhibited against him, and do acquit him with Honor—the Genl. approves the sentence, he is willing to believe that Capt. Lipscomb did not intend that disrespect to the Baron de Stuben which the Baron apprehended. At the same time he must observe that there was an impropriety in Capt. Lipscomb taking Quarters in a House destined for the Genl. Commanding the Division.

-------------------- page 502 --------------------

At the same Court Lieut. West of Col. Angel's Regt. was tried for Plundering the Property of Mrs. Jeff in the month of Dec. 1776, found Guilty of the Charge Exhibited against him and sentenced to be dismissed the service, the Commander in Chief approves the sentence, and orders it to take place Immediately.

Division Orders.

Field Officers tomorrow Lieut. Col. Sherman and Major Sill;

B. Major from Scotts Brigade.

Detail
C
S
S
C
DF
P.
1
2
2
2
1
25
Baron's Guard from the North Carolina Brigade
S
C
P.
1
1
18
Pickett
1st. Regt.
C
S
S
C
DF
P.
2
1
1
13
2nd
1
1
1
2
12
Barons
1st
1
8
2nd
1
8
Qr. Guard
1st
1
6
“ “
2nd
1
6

Officers for Guard: Lieut. Walton, Ensign Wright.

After Orders July 12th 1778.

The Commander in Chief directs that no sick be left on the Ground, but that they all be carried to Kings Ferry; spare waggons are to be provided for such as cannot be carried on the Baggage waggons.

The Post Office will in future (on a March) move with the Park.

Brigade Orders, 13th, July, 1778.

A Court Martial whereof Lieut. Col. Harney is appointed Prest. to sit Immediately for the Tryal of Mr. Wilson, Forrage Master to the North Carolina Brigade; 2 Captains and 4 Subs. from each Rgt. will attend as members.

For Court Martial, Capts. McRee & Bowman Lieuts. Collander & Bacot, Ensigns Marshall & Hays.

-------------------- page 503 --------------------


Monday Head Quarters Paramus, 13th July, 1778.

Field Officers for tomorrow, Lt. Col. Meade, Maj. Sumner.

B. Major, Birrein.

Detail,
C
S
S
C
P.
1
2
2
2
40

Division Orders.

The Genl to beat at 10 o'clock tomorrow Morning, the troop at ½ past 1 and the Division to march at Precisely at 2 o'clock, the Guards to Parade in the road on the left of Genl. Huntingdon's Brigade Immediately after the beating of the Genl.

A Party of 250 men is to be ready Immediately with three days provisions exclusive of the present.

Brigade Detail
C
S
S
C
P.
1st Regt.
1
1
1
1
20
2nd Regt.
1
1
1
20

For Detachment Captain McRee, Lieut. Craven; for Guard Lieuts. Cook and Marshall.


Tuesday Head Quarters Kakeate July 14th, 1778.

Field Officer tomorrow, Major Holdridge.

B. Major from Genl. Poor's Brigade.

The Genl. will beat at 3 o'clock & the troop at ½ past 3 o'clock tomorrow Morning, when the Division will be in Readiness to march.

Division Orders.

The Division to be in readiness to march at the shortest notice, the signal will be, the Beating of the Genl. from the right.

Detail,
C
S
S
C
P.
1
1
2
2
32
Brigade Detail,
C
S
S
C
P.
“ “
1st Regt.
1
1
1
16
“ “
2nd Regt.
1
1
16

Officer for Guard, Ensign Hays.

-------------------- page 504 --------------------


Wednesday Head Quarters King's Ferry July 15th, 1778.

Division Orders.

Field Officer tomorrow,
Major Gilman.
B. Major,
From Varnum's Brigade.

The following Order of Embarkation will be observed in the Division as soon as the Baggage of Genl. DeKalb's Division shall have crossed the river.

Genl. Huntingdon's Brigade will first cross, then the Artillery attached to the several Brigades and their ammunition wagons after which fifty Baggage wagons of the front Brigades, then Genl. Varnum's Brigade and fifty Baggage wagons, Genl. Poor's Brigade and fifty Baggage wagons, the No. Carolina Brigade and the Park of Artillery and the remainder of the Baggage wagons, Gen'l Scott's Brigade and Col. Jackson's Regt. will then Cross, and the present advanced Guard will bring up the rear, Major Holdridge of the Advanced Guard will superintend the Embarkation and Lt. Col. Harney the debarkation.

Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P.
1st Regt.,
1
1
1
16
2nd Regt.,
1
1
1
16

Officer for Guard, Ensign Hargraves.

Adjutant for the day, Verrier.


Head Quarters, Croton river, 18th, July, 1778.

Division Orders.

Field Officers tomorrow, Lieut Mebane.

B Major from Scott's Brigade.

The Division will remain on its present ground till further orders.

Detail,
C.
S.
S.
C.
P.
1.
2.
2.
32.
Brigade Detail,
1st. Regt.
C.
S.
S.
C.
P.
C.
S.
1.
1.
17.
“ “
2nd
C.
1.
1.
1.
15.
1.
1.
1.
13.
1.
1.
1.
17.

Adjutant for the Day tomorrow, Slade.

-------------------- page 505 --------------------


Camp Croton river, 19th. July, 1778.

Division Orders.

Field Officer tomorrow,
Major Clark.
B. Major,
Berrin.

A Division Court Martial whereof Lieut Col. Read is appointed president will sit Immediately at the President's Quarters for the Tryal of Lieut. Col. Regnier and such other persons as may come before them. Scott's, North Carolina and Huntingdon's Brigades Each will furnish 2 Captains. Poor's and Varnum's each 3 Captains as members for the Court.

Gen. Scott's Brigade will furnish an Officer to do the Duty of Judge Advocate.

The Court Martial of which Lieut. Co'l Mebane was appointed President in the Orders of the 11th Instant is Dissolved.

The Arms of the Division to be Immediately Cleaned and put in the best possible order.

Detail,
C.
S.
S.
C.
P.
2.
1.
2.
2.
32.
B Detail 1st. Regt.
C
S
S
C
P
1
1
1
12
“ “ 2nd “
1
1
16

Adjutant of the Day tomorrow, from Varnum's.

Brigade Orders.

Each Regt. gives a Captain for the Court.

The muster Rolls for the month of June to be made out Immediately.

Col. Patton expects the Officers Commanding Companies will pay particular attention to their men, and see that they strictly adhere to the General orders, with respect to their arms being kept in the Best Order; he desires also that they will inspect the Ammunition of their different Companies and see that their men are properly supply'd with Good Cartridges.

Officer for Court Martial, Capt. McRee.

Officer for Guard, Capt. Bowman.

Gen'l After Orders.

-------------------- page 506 --------------------


Head Quarters, Drake's House, 19th July, 1778.

The whole of the left wing under the Command of Maj. Gen'l. Baron de Kalb except Malcolm's and Spencer's Regiments are to march tomorrow 2 O'clock p. m. for the White Plains.

Baron Steuben of the right wing, Angel's Regt. and the Regt. Commanded by Lieut. Col. Park Excepted, are to follow an hour after.

These Divisions may arrive within the distance of from one to five miles of the Camp at the plains, as watering Ground will admit but not alter till a new Camp Can be formed, and Dispositions of the whole made, and some alterations in the present Brigades take place.

Malcoms and the Regiment Commanded by Lieut. Col. Park are to march Early tomorrow for the fort at West point, on Hudson River. Spencer's will take post at King's ferry & Angel's with Glover's Brigade, when it comes up, are to wait at Croton bridge till further orders.

After the second Line of the Army under the Command of the Marquis de Lafayette have Crossed the river, the Q. M. Gen'l. will remove the Boats, Except such as are Necessary for the ordinary purposes from King's ferry to and from the forts in the Highlands.

Division Orders.

The Gen. to beat at 3, the troop at half past 3, and the march to begin Immediately after.


Monday, Head Quarters Wrights Mill, 20th July, 1778.

Field officer tomorrow, Maj Murfree.

Brigade Major from Poor's Brigade.

The Right and Left wings of the army are to remain on their present Ground till further Orders.

The Officers will see that their men wash their Cloathes Clean and put their arms in good order as soon as possible & Carefully Examine their ammunition.

The Commander in Chief directs that no Drums beat after Retreat Beating till reveille unless by a Gen'l Order. Commd'g Officer of regts & Corps are desired to see this Order Punctually Comply'd with.

Division orders.

No tents or Marquees to be pitched in front of the Line of

-------------------- page 507 --------------------
Encampment on any pretence, and if any are already there, they are to be Immediately removed to the rear. This Order of Encampment will be strictly observed in future. Command'g Officers of Brigades & regiments are desired to see this Order Punctually observed.

As it is uncertain at what moment the division will march, Officers and Soldiers therefore are Constantly to remain in Camp. Command'g Officers are again desired to Prevent their men from Straggling that they may do no Injury to the Inhabitants & be always ready for marching, or any other Duty.

Brigade Detail
C.
S.
S.
C.
P.
“ 1st Regt.
1.
1.
17.
“ 2nd
1.
1.
1.
15.

Adjutant for the day, Slade.


Head Quarters, Wrights Mills, 21st, July 1778

Durkes and late Chandler's Regiments now of Genl. Varnum's Brigade are to Join Parsons Immediately, A return of the names of the Officers left in the Jerseys to superintend the sick who are now there to be made Immediately.

At a Brigade Court Martial in Genl. Woodford's Brigade Held at Slaughterdam Camp July 10th, 1778, Ensign Cooper of the 15th Vir. Regt. Tryed for getting Drunk on the 6th Inst. and lying on the road in a shameful manner when he ought to have been with regt., found guilty and sentenced to be Cashiered. At the same Court Lieut. Burnley of the 7th Virginia Regt. Tryed for absenting him self from his Command without leave found guilty and sentenced to be discharged the service. The Commander in Chief approves the sentences and orders it to take place.

Division Orders.

Field Officers tomorrow,
Lt. Col Winenfelts.
B. Major tomorrow,
Alden.

The troop will beat at 7 O'clock tomorrow morning, and the Guard will Parade in front of Genl. Poor's Brigade. Guides from the old Guards will attend that Parade to Conduct the new Guards to their Post. This to be Considered as a standing Order.

Brigade Detail,
C.
S.
S.
C.
P.
1st Regt
1.
1.
16.
2nd Regt
1.
1.
1.
15.
-------------------- page 508 --------------------

The Court Martial of which Lt. Col. Nevil is President is to sit at 8 o'clock Tomorrow morning.

Adjutant of the day, Verrier.


Headquarters Wright's Mill, 22nd, July, 1778.

The troops will be Brigaded as follows, and the necessary changes are to be made accordingly:

North Carolina,
Clark.
Patten.
Woodford,
Heath.
Cropper.
Mason.
Febiger.
Muhlenburg,
Parker.
Davis.
G. Gibson.
Smith.
Scott,
Wood.
Gibson, Green, joined in one.
Hall's Delaware.
Grayson.
Smallwood,
Howe.
Garret.
Richardson.
Gunby.
2nd Maryland:
Paine.
Hall.
Sumner,
Williams.
Germantons.
Batton.
Varnum's,
Angell.
Stubens.
S. B. Well.
J. Livingston.
Nixon,
Graton.
Nixon.
Putnam.
Wood.
Glover,
Sheperd.
Wrightworth.
Brigalow.
Vance (?).
-------------------- page 509 --------------------
Patterson,
Dubois.
Marshall.
Bradford.
Tupper.
Late Learned,
Bailey.
Jackson.
Walton.
Mead (Militia.)
Poor,
Cilley.
Hale.
Scammell.
Hogun.
Wayne
Chambers.
Stewart.
Irwin.
Hampton.
2 Pennsylvania:
Craig.
Johnson.
McGaw.
R. Butler.
Clinton,
Vanshaick.
Courtland.
Livingston.
Boyce.
Parsons,
Meigs.
Willis.
Dunker.
Chandler.
Huntingdon,
Prentiss.
C. Webb.
Bradley.
Swift.

Woodford, Muhlenburg, Scott, Smallwood, 2nd Maryland Brigades, are to compose the right wing of the army. No. Carolina, Nixon, Patterson, Late Learned, & Poor's Brigades are to compose the left wing of the same Line.

Wayne, 2nd Pennsylvania, Clinton, Parsons & Huntingdon's Brigades are to form the second Line.

Poor's Regmt of Militia and Mosley's are to march at 4 O'clock tomorrow morning for West Point and put themselves under the Command of Col Malcomb or the Officer Commanding at that post.

The Detachment under the Command of Col. Henry Jackson is

-------------------- page 510 --------------------
to be in Readiness to March at a moments warning with their Baggage.

The Q. M. Genl. soon as he has Marked the ground for a Camp is to direct the March of the troops to it. They are to be Encamped in the Order just mentioned, begining on the right of Each Line.

The three Senior Maj. Genls Present will Command the right & left wings, & second Line of the Army According to their Rank.

When the troops arrive at their new Camp, Baron Steuben will Please to resume his Office of Inspector Genl. and make his arrangements accordingly. He will Please also accept the thanks of the Commander in Chief for his Extra Services in Conducting the right wing of the Army from Brunswick to its present Ground and for his Care and attention to the troops during their March.

Detail,
C
S
S
C
D
P
1.
1.
2.
2.
1.
31
C
S
S
C
D
P
Brigade Detail 1st Reg
1.
1.
1.
1.
10.
“ “ 2nd
1.
1.
1.
15.
Adjutant of the Day,
Slade.
Officers Guard,
Capt. Tatum.


Thursday, Head Quarters, Wright's Mill, 23rd July, 1778.

John Tomant & Robt. Farsy the Elder are appointed Deputy Q. M. Generals and are to be respected and obeyed accordingly. At a division Genl. Court Martial held at Kaheate Camp July 16th, 1778, Col Gibson President. Lieut Deaver & Ensign Grassaway of the 3rd Maryland Regmt. tryed for disobedience of Orders & neglect of Duty in absenting themselves from their Regts without leave; Found Guilty of a breach 2nd Article 13th Sect. of the Articles of War. The Court considering the Evil Tendency of such Conduct which has been too generally Practised by the Officers Throughout & which Lieut Deaver & Ensign Grassaway have offered in mitigation of their offences are Unanimously of Opinion they be Reprimanded in General Orders, & beg leave to observe that nothing but a Joint Consent of the Commanding Officer of the Regiment Prevents the Court from being much more severe in their Sentence.

-------------------- page 511 --------------------

It gives the Commander in Chief more sensible Pain to find any Officer's Conduct so very blameable as that of Lieut Deaver & Ensign Grassaway. The striking Propriety and Necessity of Officers staying with their Corps in Camp is well known to every Private; the Genl. is therefore sorry he is obliged to reprimand Lt. Deaver & Ensign Grassaway or that an Example of so pernicous and fatal a Consequence should be seen in the records of the Army.

The Auditor's Office is kept at Mr. Martin's, a mile in front of Gen. Gate's Quarters, on the right of the Village at White Plains.

Detail,
C
S
S
C
DF
P.
1st Regt.
1.
1.
1.
16.
2nd “
1.
1.
1.
15.

Adjutant of the Day tomorrow, Verrier.


Friday, Head Quarters Wrights Mills, July 24th, 1778.

The Commanding Officers of Corps will take particular care that their men are made acquainted with all such Orders, which are necessary for their Government, as a Plea of Ignorance will not be admitted in Excuse. The Rolls are to be called regularly twice a Day (at troop and retreat beating), and every possible means used to keep the Soldiers within the limits of the Camp. Those who disobey are to be severely Punished.

Pay abstracts to the 1st of June are to be made Immediately, & Examined by the Pay Master General & Auditors for all the Continental troops, that warrants may issue for payment to that date.

Accurate List of all the Field Officers Belonging to the Brigade now on the Ground according to the present disposition are to be made out and brought to the Orderly Office tomorrow Morning at nine O'clock, at which time the Brigade Majs. will bring in a morning report of the several Brigades.

Detail,
C
S
S
C
DF
P
1st Regt.
1.
1.
1.
16
2nd “
1.
1.
15
Officer for Guard Lines,
Varner.
Adjutant of the Day,
Slade.

-------------------- page 512 --------------------


Saturday, Head Quarters White Plains, 25th July, 1778.
Maj. Genl. tomorrow,
Gates.
Brigadier,
Nixon.
Field Officers,
Col. Gibson, Lt. Col Dearborn.
B. Major,
Minnis.

All Officers who have received Public Monies which are unaccounted for yet are to prepare to settle their accts immediately with the Auditors.

The troop will beat at 6 O'clock in the morning, and the Guards are to be on the Parades Precisely at seven. The Brigade Majors are reminded to bring on their Supernumeraries. The Grand Parade is assigned on the main Road near the Park in rear of the old lines.

Detail,
C
S
S
C
D & F
P.
Picket, 1st. Regt.
0.
1
1.
0.
7.
“ 2nd “
0.
0.
0.
1.
0.
6.
C
L
S
C
D & F
P.
4 days' Com, 1st Regt.
0.
1.
0.
1.
0.
10.
“ “ “ 2nd, “
0.
0.
1.
1.
0.
10.
For Picket,
Lieut Nicholson.
For Command,
Lieut Walton.
Adjutant of the Day,
Verrier.


Sunday, Head Quarters White Plains, July 26th 1778.
Maj. Genl. tomorrow,
Baron De Kalb.
Brigadier,
Parsons.
Field Officers,
Col. Willis, Lt. Col Cropper & Littlefield.
B. Major,
Hitchcock.

Col Wood's Regiment of Militia are to be employed in collecting forrage till further Orders. Col Wood will receive directions where & how to employ his men from the forrage Master General. Additional Pay will be allowed them whilst on that Duty. One man from each Brigade who is acquainted with burning Coal to be Paraded on the Grand Parade tomorrow morning at Guard Mounting.

The General Court Martial whereof Col Putnam is President is dissolved, and another Court Martial of the Line to Assemble

-------------------- page 513 --------------------
tomorrow morning 9 O'clock, at the New Dining room of the Left of the Park by Genl Horres's Quarters for the tryal of all Prisoners brought before them. Col Stewart will Preside.

As it is necessary for the sake of regularity that there should be some fixed general Rule for arranging and disposing in the line of the Army the troops of the different States During the present campaign.

They are to take post so far as circumstances will permit according to the Relative Geographical Positions of the States to each other, supposing their front to the Ocean, This Arrgt. is not to establish any post of Honour, or Presidency between the troops; all Guards & Detachments are to Parade agreeable to this Rule.

Lt. Col. Ball, Maj. Fennald & a Captain from each of the following Brigades Viz: No. Carolina, Woodford's, Scott's, 1st & 2nd Maryland, 2 Pennsylvania, Clinton's, Parsons', Huntingdon's, Nixon's, Patterson's, Late Learned's, and Poor's, to be Members of the Court Martial. All Persons Concerned will attend.

Detail
C.
L.
S.
C.
D. & F.
P.
1.
1.
———
12.
Brigade Detail, 1st. Regt.
———
2nd. “
———
Adjutant for the Day.
Slade.


Monday Headquarters White Plains, 27th, July, 1778.
Major Genl. to-morrow
McDougall
Brigadier,
Clinton.
Field Officers.
Col. Hall, Lt. Col. Miller, Maj. Sumner.
B. Major
Berrien.

The Gentlemen who have Offered themselves as Candidates for Commissions in the Companies of Sappers & Miners are required to wait on Genl. Duportail, Chief engineer, who will Examine their respective Pretentions & Qualifications & make a report to Head Quarters accordingly—A Hogshead of Rice will be delivered to each Brigade for the use of the sick. At a General Court Martial, July 17, 1778, Col. Putnam, Pres., Mr. James Davidson, Quarter Master of Col. James Livingston's Regmt. tried for defrauding the Soldiers of their Provisions, Embezelling the Continental Property & disposing of several articles belonging to the United States, found guilty and sentenced to be Cashiered. The Commander in

-------------------- page 514 --------------------

Henry Scott, Soldier in Col. Sherbourns Regmt., was tryed for desertion, found guilty & sentenced to receive 50 Lashes on his bare back & be confined in some Gaol till he can be put on Board the Continental Navy & there to remain during the war—The Commander in Chief orders him to receive his Lashes to-morrow morning on the Grand Parade at Guard Mounting, and then to return to his Regiment.

Likewise Alexander Graham, alias Smith, a Soldier in Col. Meg's Regt. tryed for desertion, found Guilty Unanimously and sentenced to be shot to death. John Craig of the 4th Maryland Regmt. at a Brigade General Court Martial, July 10th, 1778, was tryed for deserting to the Enemy, found Guilty and Unanimously sentenced to suffer death. His Excellency, the Commander in Chief approves the two last mentioned sentences.

Detail
C
S
S
C
D
F
P
1st. Regmt.
1.
1.
1.
0.
0.
8.
2nd. “
0.
0.
0.
1.
2.
8.

Adjutant of the Day. Verrier

Brigade Orders.

A Brigade Court Martial is ordered to sit to-morrow morning 8 o'clock of which Maj. Murfree is appointed President, for the tryal of all Prisoners in the Guard, the Court to sit at the Presidents Quarters, Each Regmt. gives 2 Captains and 4 subs for the Court.

For Guard Capt. Read & Lt. Scull.

For Court Martial Capts. McRee & Tatum.

Lieuts. Varner, Nicholson, Callander & Craven.


Tuesday, Head Quarters, White Plains, 28th July, 1778.

Maj. Genl. tomorrow
Gates
Brigadier
Wayne
Field Officers
Col. Hampton, Lt. Col. Mebane, Maj. Adams
B. Major
McCormick
For a week's Command
Major Fell

The Commander in Chief Directs that the Officers who did not Compose a part of the Grand Army last winter & spring, and who may be unacquainted with the Genl. Orders, relative to the duties of the Officers of the day as there Pointed out will have

-------------------- page 515 --------------------
recourse to one Issued the 9th-day of June last at Valley Forge & Govern themselves thereby.

The Commander in Chief also begs leave to inform such Officers as may be unacquainted therewith that it is his wish and desire that the Field Officers of the Day when they are relieved from their tour of Duty would dine with him at Head Quarters, & where there is no particular reason to Prevent it he would take it as a favour from them to be punctual as it enables him to invite Company accordingly.

The Inspectors and Brigade Majors for the day are meant to be included in this Invitation, & the Genl. further request that the Captains would also dine with him in tour, Each coming with his Brigadier.

Guard Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P
1st Regt
0.
1.
0.
1.
0.
8.
2nd
1.
0.
1.
0.
0.
9.
Total
0.
1.
1.
1.
0.
17.
3 days Comm'd
1st Regt.
0
0
1
0
0
11
2nd
0
1
0
1
0
11
Total
0
1
1
1
0
22
Weeks Comm'd
1st Regt.
0
1
0
0
0
4
2nd
0
0
0
0
0
3
Total
0
1
0
0
0
8

Adjutant of the Day tomorrow, Slade.

For Guard, Lieut. Callander.

For Command, Lieut. Bacot.


Head Quarters, Wednesday, White Plains, July 29th, 1778.

Maj. Gen'l. tomorrow, Baron De Kalb.

Brigadier, Patterson.

Field Officers, Col. Graton, Lt. Col. Wesonfelty (?), Maj. Sill, B. Major Aldin.

For Detachment Lieut Col. Nevil, Lieut. Col. Loring, Major Stewart, & Maj. Grosvenor. The Regimental Quarter Masters are

-------------------- page 516 --------------------
to be Pointedly Exact in having Vaults sunk for Necessaries. They are also to pay strict attention to the Cleanliness of the camp, seeing that all offal, putrid flesh and bones are buried. Altho' this is the particular duty of the Quarter Master it is expected that the Commanding Officers of Corps will know that the duty is performed, as the sweetness of a camp & the health depend thereon. Particular attention agreeable to former Orders is to be paid to the slaughter pens that no offensive smells may proceed from them.

Col. Baldwin is appointed by the Quarter Master Gen'l. to the Command and Superintendance of the Artificers belonging to the Army, all Officers Commanding Companies of artificers are therefore to make return to him forthwith of the number of men in their respective Companies and for the future to make such weekly and other returns to him as he shall direct.

In the monthly returns which are to be given in to the Orderly Office next Saturday (and hereafter the last Saturday of Every month) Particular attention must be paid to insert the Monthly Abstractions regimentally Distinguishing those discharged by the Muster Master Gen'ls. or Surgeons, & those whose term of Service have Expired.

Guard Detail
C
S
S
C
P.
1st Regt.
0.
1.
1.
9.
2nd “
1.
8.
Detachment.
1st Regt,
1.
1.
13.
2nd. “
1.
1.
12.

For Guard tomorrow Lieut. ———

For Detachment, Ensign Wright.

Adjutant of the Day, Verrier.


Thursday, Head Quarters, White Plains, July 30th, 1778.

Maj. Gen'l, McDougall.

Brigadier, Muhlenburg.

Field Officers, Col Brewer, Lt. Col. Ford, Maj. Thompson.

B. Major, Harskell

Detail Guard For 3 days Guard Lt. Col. Carlton.

-------------------- page 517 --------------------
C
S
S
C
P.
1st Regt.
1.
17.
2nd “
1.
9.
Comm'd S. C.
8.
1st Regt.
1.
3.
2nd “
1.
3.

Major Taylor,

The men for Command to be furnished with one day's Provisions. The Guard at Tarrytown is to be reinforced with a Captain, 2 subs, 3 Sergts. 3 Corpls 1 Drum & fife & 55 Rank and file & to be Commanded by a Field Officer. The Guard at Burtses is to be reinforced with a Sergt, Corpl. D & F and 13 Rank & File and to be Commanded by a Captain, and the Guard at the Saw Mill river Bridge is to be reinforced by a Captain 2 Subs 3 Sergt. 3. Corpls. & 40 Privates & to be Commanded by a Field Officer. From this Guard a Subaltern, Sergt. & 20 Rank & file is to be detailed to Pugsleys, a detachment of Artillery to be sent to Tarrytown. The Field Officers in Performing their Rounds are to Examine whether the Guards upon the Communications Between Dobbs Ferry and Moneyeck (?) can afford a Chain of Centries, if not they are to direct the Patrols to Pass at such times and in such manner as to secure the Communication Perfectly.

One Light Dragoon is to be at each of the following guards, till Col. Mayland arrives, after which two are to be placed, namely, Tarry Town, Dobbs Ferry, Saw Mill River Bridge, Pugsleys, Applebys, Benties, Tomkins, Cornells & Merry Neck. The Horse Guard at Pugsleys may be withdrawn and aid in the service. The dragoons attending those Pickets are to keep their horses constantly saddled by night and ready to mount at a moment's warning, in the day they may graze.

For Guard tomorrow, Ensign Hays.

Adjutant of the Day, Slade.


Friday, Head Quarters, White Plains,
July 31st, 1778.

Maj. Genl. tomorrow, Gates.

Brigadier, Nixon.

Field Officers, Col. Jackson, Lt. Col. Harmer, Major Winslow.

Brigade Major, Bannester.

-------------------- page 518 --------------------
Detail.
C
L
S
C
DF
P
1st Regt.
1.
1.
1.
1.
22.
Comm'd 5 o'clock this afternoon.
2nd Regt.
1.
1.
1.
22.
Guard tomorrow,
1.
2.
10.
1
9.
3 day's Guard,
1st Regt.
1.
1.
14.
2nd “
1.
1.
1.
14.
Detachment, 5 o'clock tomorrow afternoon.
1st Regt.
1.
13.
2nd “
13.

For Command this afternoon, Brigadier Genl. Clinton, Cols. Gibson, Meigs, Lt. Col. Meade, Lt. Col. Read, Major Oliver & Maj. Talbutt.

For 3 day's detachment to parade tomorrow afternoon 5 o'clock, Lt. Col. Simms, Lt. Col. Hay, Major Merriweather, Major Clark.

At a general Court Martial of the 2nd Line, July 22nd, 1778, Col. George Gibson, President, John Jenkins, Zack Ward, Rich. Burk, Michael Carmen, William McLaughlin, of the 6th Maryland Regiment, & Nick Fitzgerald of 7th Maryland, were tried for desertion & attempting to get to the enemy. All found guilty & unanimously sentenced to suffer death. Also John Daily, of the 2nd Maryland Regiment, tried for desertion, found guilty and sentenced to receive 100 Lashes on his bare back, well laid on. At the same Court, July 23rd, Solomon Lyons of the 2nd Virginia Regiment was tried for desertion, found guilty & unanimously sentenced to suffer death. Likewise David McClemans of the Delaware Regiment was tried for the same Crime & acquitted. His Excellency the Commander in Chief approves the foregoing sentences: The sentence against John Daily to be put into execution tomorrow morning at 6 o'clock at the head of the Regiment to which he belongs. David McClemans to be immediately released from his confinement.

ADVERTISEMENT.

Found, a pair of silver buckles, the owner may find them in the possession of Capt. Bowen of the 9th Pennsylvania Regiment.

-------------------- page 519 --------------------

Also a silver watch may be heard of by the owner, by applying to Lieut. Thomas M'Kay of the 7th Pennsylvania Regiment. Will be sold tomorrow at 4 o'clock in the afternoon, on the Brigade Parade, the wearing apparel of Capt. Moore, deceased. The terms of sale to be made known at the time of sale. Also an excellent horse, the property of the late Forrage master Wilson.

For Command this afternoon, Capt. Tatum, Ensign Marshall.

For Command Ensign Hays.

Adjutant for the day, Verrier.


Saturday, Head Quarters, White Plains, 1st Aug., 1778.
Major Genl. tomorrow,
Baron DeKalb.
Brigadier,
Parsons.
F. Officers,
Col. Dubois, Lt. Col. Miller, Major Burkart.
B. Major,
Marshall.

At a division General Court Martial, held at Peek's Hill, July 16th, '78, Lt. Col. ——— President, Lieut. James Armstrong of the 3rd Pennsylvania Regt. was tryed for behaving in a scandalous manner & beating a number of Persons, breaking windows and being guilty of other abusive treatment; after due consideration the Court are of opinion that Lieut. Armstrong was Guilty of Beating Quarter Master Bradford, but think that the provocation was somewhat equal to the offence; that he was guilty of Breaking cellar windows and other abusive treatment, but upon the whole cannot pronounce his behaviour Scandalous, though unjustifyable & notwithstanding his good character as an Officer & Soldier, do sentence him to be reprimanded in General Orders.

At the same Court Capt. Thos. Moore & James Christie, of the 5th Pennsylvania Regt., tryed for the same Crime: the Court are of opinion that they are not guilty of Behaving in a Scandalous manner, beating a number of persons or breaking windows, but find them guilty of abusive Treatment & sentence them to be reprimanded by the Commanding Officer of the Brigade. The Commander in Chief is sorry that he has occasion to declare that Capts. Christie, & Moore and Lieut. Armstrong were thro' the whole of this affair in a Circumstance that did them very little honor. He laments they should suffer themselves so far to deviate from that

-------------------- page 520 --------------------
Line of Delicacy & Decorum which they owe to their own characters as to Engage in a Riot & Tumult of so singular a Complexion, Especially as it rather appears by their own defence that they left their regiments without leave.

Capts. Moore and Christie & Lieut Armstrong are Released from their Arrest.

The Brigade Majors and Adjutants of the day are to be very alert in telling off the Guards so soon as they are assembled on the Parade that the men may not be fatigued by long standing. They are also to see that the men stand firm, with their heads erect, and observe the strictest silence whilst this is doing.

A chain of Centries are to be Posted along the front of the Road at forty yards distance, within which none but the Genl-Field and other Officers of the Day are to be admitted. As there is something Extremely awkward and unmilitary in Officers saluting at different times & in different manners, the following General Direction is to be observed:

The Saluting Officer is to look full in the face of the Officer Saluted, his Body upright and his step firm, & to begin at such a distance as to finish the Salute when opposite the Person to whom it is Intended. The motions of the sword or fusil, and the feet ought to be Exactly in Concert, in order to which, & for the Graceful Performance of Salutes, it is Expected that Officers will spare no trouble or Pains to Perfect themselves, & arrive at Dexterity and Uniformity, as it is a matter which forms no unessential Part of their Duty and will be highly ornamental to their Military appearance & Character.

When the Guard are ordered to March off, the Brigade Major is to see that they all step off at the same instant with the left foot, and the Officers of Platoons will be particularly attentive that the step is afterwards preserved.

As the Platoons pass in review before the Major Genl or Officer Commanding the Parade, the men are to hold up their heads and look full in their face.

No Officer who has regimentals is to mount Guards in any other dress, and when men are warned for Guard, they are to be directed to come on with Clean hands and faces, hair combed and powdered, and are to appear in all respects as decent and Soldier-like as circumstances will permit. Brigade Major and Adjutants will recollect

-------------------- page 521 --------------------
it is an indispensable part of their duty to attend to this, and to see that the men's arms, ammunition and accoutrements are constantly in the best order. The Major-General of the day thro' the field Officers will have a careful inspection made into these several matters, and when there appears to be any deficiency, will call the B. Major and Adjutants to account on the spot, and either reprimand, arrest or acquit, as circumstances shall warrant. These are to be considered as standing Orders, which it is expected all Soldiers & Officers will be made acquainted with and punctually observe.

The Troops of the whole Line will Exercise and Manœuvre on the principles heretofore established for the main Army twice a day from five to seven O'clock in the morning, and from five to seven in the evening, to begin tomorrow evening. The Brigade Inspectors will perform the duties of their Office as heretofore directed, by the order of the fifteenth of June last.

Col Davis will superintend the right wing, and those Brigades on the right of the second line.

Lt. Col. Brooks will superintend the left wing, and two Brigades on the left of the second Line conformable to the Spirit of the same order.

The Brigadiers and the Commanding Officers of those Brigades, who have no Brigade Inspectors appointed, will recommend to Head Quarters proper persons for that purpose.

The whole army to be under Arms tomorrow morning at 5 O'clock Precisely with their tents struck and rolled up and Packs Slung, further orders will then be given by the Adjutant General.

Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF,
P
1.
1.
19.
1st Regmt.
1.
——
9.
2nd
1.
——
10.

Adjutant of the day tomorrow, Slade.

-------------------- page 522 --------------------


Sunday, Head Quarters, White Plains, Aug. 2nd, 1778.
Maj. Genl. tomorrow,
McDougall.
Brigadier,
Wayne.
F. Officers,
Col. Cilley, Lt. Col. Sherman, Maj. Mentyes.
B. Major,
Porterfield.
Detail,
C
S
S
C
P
1st. Regt.
1.
10.
2nd. “
1.
9.
Total,
1.
1.
19.

Fortnights Comm'd 1 from 1st. Regmt.

A Return as usual of the sick in Camp to be made to the Surgeon Genl tomorrow morning at 9 O'clock, & Every succeeding monday at the Post Office near the Artillery Park where attendance will be given to receive them. When the Surgeon is absent, the Surgeon that attends the Regt. will make the return.

Return of Arms, ammunition and accountrements good, bad and wanting in the several Brigades to be made & delivered in by the Brigade Quarter Master tomorrow morning at Guard Mounting, at the Orderly Office.

A like return to be made of Cloathing and Necessaries and delivered in at the same time by the Majors of Brigades.

For Guard tomorrow,
Ensign Dickenson.
Adjutant of the day,
Verrier.
For Guard to-morrow
Ensign Dickenson
Adjutant of the day.
Verrier.


Monday, Headquarters, White Plains, Aug. 3rd, 1778.
Maj. Gen. to-morrow.
Gates
Brigadier
Patterson.
F. Officers
Col. Smith, Lt. Col. Beauford, & Maj. Murfree.
B. Major
Popham.
Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P
Guard,
1.
1.
19.
13 days ditto.
1.
1.
1.
1.
2.
30.
1.
1.
1.
26.

13 days Command to be Paraded at 5 O'clock to-morrow evening.

13 days Guard Lt. Col. Bassett.

-------------------- page 523 --------------------

Major Peters.

For 13 Days Command, Lt. Col. Harney, Lt. Col. North

Majs. Haws & Gray.

The Connecticut Militia Light Horse, Commanded by Capt. Skinner, are discharged and have the thanks of his Excellency for their good services.

At a general Court Martial, whereof Col. Stewart was President, July 29th 1778, Lieut. Col. Regnier Tryed first for leaving his Regmt. when alarmed by the firing of the Patrols upon the lines on the morning of 29 June last, and not joining it again till the alarm was over; 2ndly, for Purchasing a Horse from a Soldier which Property belonged to the Continent; 3rdly, for treating Adjutant Sachett in an unofficer & ungentleman like manner, the Court having Considered the charge & Evidence, are Unanimously of opinion, that Col. Regnier is not Guilty of either of the charges Exhibited against him, and are further of Opinion that they are groundless Vexatious & dictated by Private Pique & malice. They acquit him with honor.

At the same Court, July 31st, 1778, Capt. Sileron acting as a Volunteer in the 4th New York Regt., was tryed for Calling Adjutant Sachett a Liar and Drawing his sword on him when unarmed, 2ndly, for Insinuating that he was a Coward and Challenging him to fight a Duel, The Court having considered the first charge, are of Opinion That Capt. Sileron is Guilty thereof but as the abuse was reciprocal, and as Capt. Sileron could not mean by drawing his sword to take advantage of Mr. Sachett's being unarmed, the Court think the Punishment of Lying in arrest (a punishment Pointed out by the article of war, of which his Crime is a breach & which Capt. Sileron has already suffered) is adequate to the fault he has committed, they are Likewise of Opinion that Capt. Sileron is Guilty of the 2nd charge Exhibited against him, but as the challenge was given by him Immediately, as it Proceeded from the instantaneous Resentment of an Incensed Gentleman, and was not sent on Cool refiection, the Court are of the Opinion that Capt. Sileron has not been Guilty of a Breach of the article of war which prohibits sending Challenges, & to determine that he does not deserve Censure.

Likewise, Lieut. Norton of the 2nd Pennsylvania Regt. tryed for Entering the Encampment of the 3rd Pennsylvania Regt., in

-------------------- page 524 --------------------
Company with several others in a riotous & mutinous manner, for attempting to enter Col. Craige's house between the hours of 12 & 1 in the morning of the 4 of June with a drawn sword, was unanimously acquitted of the charge Exhibited against him. His Excellency the Commander in Chief approves the sentences.

Col. David Hall is appointed President of a General Court Martial Vice Col. Steward. Maj. Olliver is appointed Inspector in Genl. Nixon's Brigade & is to he respected accordingly.

Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P.
Guard 1st Regt.
1.
10.
2nd “
1.
9.
3 days Guard 1st Regt.
1.
1.
15.
“ “ “ 2nd “
1.
1.
1.
2.
15.
3 days Comm'd 1st Regt.
1.
1.
15.
“ “ “ 2nd “
1.
15.
For Guard Ensign,
Hargrove.
Adjutant for the day,
Slade.


Tuesday, Head Quarters, White Plains, Aug. 4th, 1778.
Major Genl. tomorrow,
Baron DeKalb.
Brigadier,
Nixon.
F. Officer,
Col. Parker, Lt. Col. Frazer, Maj. Hait.
B. Major,
Harewood.

ADVERTISEMENT.

Wanted for the Auditor's Office in the Grand Army two persons who can write a Good hand and are well acquainted with acct's. None need apply but such as can be well recommended for their Honesty, Industry and sobriety. A Handsome Salary will be given

Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P
Guard, 1st. Regt.
1.
9.
“ 2nd. “
1.
1.
9.
Detachment, 1st. Regt.
4.
“ “ 2nd. “
4.

Adjutant of the day, Verrier.

-------------------- page 525 --------------------


Head Quarters, White Plains, Aug. 6th, 1778, Wednesday.
Major Genl. tomorrow,
McDougall.
Brigadier,
Clinton.
F. Officers,
Col. Putnam, Lt. Col. Vandyke, Maj. Tubbs, (?).
Brig. Maj.
Hitchcock.

Tho Commander in Chief in very Express and positive terms forbids Soldiers to remove, burn or otherwise destroy the rails belonging to the Inclosures in and about Camp, and Expects that Officers of all Ranks will use their utmost Exertions to Prevent this wanton& Injurious abuse of Private Property or bring to severe Punishment the Offenders.

The Adjutant Genl. in ordering a detachment for guards or scouts, is always to mention the number of days for which they are to draw Provisions. Notice of which being Communicated to the Regimental Quarter Master (Thro' the proper Channel) makes them responsible for the men of their respective Regiments that they may bring the Provisions ordered.

Commanding Officers of every Detachment for more than a day before they march from the Parade are to enquire, if the men are provided agreeable to order, and if they are not to Lodge the names of the Deficient men and the Regiments they belong to with the Adjutant Genl. who is Positively directed to arrest and bring to tryals the Delinquent Quarter Masters, and if the Commanding Officer of the Party Neglects to make this enquiry before he leaves the Parade, he makes himself Responsible and must answer accordingly. This is to be Considered as a standing Order, aad all Officers are to pay strict attention thereto, as it hath been found in some Instances that a Neglect has defeated the end of Detachments, and in others that the Country People have suffered Greatly in having their Provisions Forced from them to supply those Parties. Major Fish, Late Inspector in Genl. Poor's Brigade is appointed to do that duty in Genl. Clinton's, & is to be Respected accordingly.

A Return of Drums, D. Heads, Fifes and other Necessaries wanting in the several Brigades to be made immediately.

Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P.
Guard, 1st Regt.,
1.
10.
“ 2nd “
1.
1.
8.

Adjutant of the Day, Slade.

-------------------- page 526 --------------------


Thursday, Head Quarters, White Plains, Aug. 6rh, 1778.

Maj Genl., Gates.

Brigadier, Wayne.

F. Officers, Col. Courtland, Lt. Col Woodford, Maj Allen. Berrien, Brigade Major.

For three days' Detachment, to be furnished with two days' Provisions, ready cooked, and 40 round per Man.

Lt. Cols,. Regnier & Starr; Majors, Lidnard & Winslow.

The Officers Commanding the several Guards are to be pointedly exact in reporting in time the occurrences of the day; at any rate they are not to delay doing this beyond 12 O'clock, that the whole may be drawn into one view and presented by the Maj. Genl. before three P. M.

That the whole army may be served with the same ration the Commissary Genl is, till further orders, to issue as follows: One pound ¼ flour, or soft bread, or 1 ℔. of hard bread; 18 oz. beef, fresh or salt; 1 ℔. pork, or 1 ℔. of fish, & 2 oz. butter; a gill of rum or whiskey, when to be had; the usual allowance of soap and Candles. The Maj. Genls., with the Brigadiers, and Officers Commanding Brigades under them, are to examine the ground well in front and round about their respective Encampments, & assign each brigade its alarm post. In doing this, after the ground has been previously examined, they are to cause the Brigade to be drawn up, on such as shall be respectively intended for them, that the space required for each may be ascertained.

A discharge of 3 pieces of artillery as usual from the Park is to be the signal for alarm.

At a General Court Martial July 27th, 1778, Col. Steward, President, Doct. Brown, of the 14th Virginia Regt., Tryed for going not only without the leave, but against the Express Consent of the Com'g Officer, & that at a time when the distressed situation of the Regiment required the Doctor's Particular attention, for Neglecting to have a Furlough, which he said he had obtained from Doct. Cochran, registered as is positively directed in Genl Orders of 22nd of Dec. last. The Court having considered the Charges and Evidence are unanimously of opinion that Doct. Brown is guilty of the charges exhibited against him, but in consideration of the very bad state of health at the time he left his Regt., & that his conceiving that a furlough from Doct. Cochran was

-------------------- page 527 --------------------
entirely sufficient, the Court only sentenced him to be reprimanded in General Orders. That the facts stated in the first charge is proved, yet the Commander in Chief cannot think that it contains any Imputation of Guilt, because, by the establishment of the Medical Department, the Surgeon General had a right to give Dr. Brown a furlough in the manner he did, and it appears, besides, that the Doctor's state of health did not permit his attendance on the Regt. His conduct was certainly blameable in not having the furlough registered as directed, ignorance of which is the worse of all Possible Excuses.

For two days' guard to be furnished with 40 rounds, & 2 days' Provisions, ready cooked.

Lient. Col. Smith, and Maj. Sumner, also a Non-Commissioned Officer, and 7 Dragoons from each of the following Regiments, Viz: Bland's, Sheldon's, & Wayland's to be Paraded on the Grand Parade tomorrow morning, furnished with 2 days' provisons.

Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P.
Guard, 1st Regt.,
1.
9.
“ 2d “
1.
9.
2 Days, 1st “
1.
1.
1.
2.
14.
“ “ 2nd “
1.
1.
2.
14.
Detachment, 1st Regt.,
1.
13.
“ 2nd “
1.
12.
Officers for 2 days Guard,
Lt. Scull.
Adjutant for the day,
Verrier.


Head Quarters, Friday, Aug. 7th, 1778.
Maj. Genl. tomorrow,
Baron DeKalb.
Brigadier,
Patterson.
Field Officers,
Col. Nixon, Lt. Col. Weltner, Maj. Steward.
B. Maj.
McCormick.

All returns of Arms ammunition and accoutrements, &c., are first to be made out by the Regimental Quarter Masters, which after being Examined and signed by the Commanding Officers of Regts. are to be given to the Brigade Quarter Masters, who are to digest them into Brigade Returns. Get them Examined and signed by

-------------------- page 528 --------------------
the Brigadiers or Commandants of Brigades, then Present them to the Adjutant General for an order upon the Com'y of Military stores, taking receipts from the Regimental Quarter Masters for such articles as shall be delivered them, which they are to charge to the several Companies. The Commanding Officers of Companies are again desired to charge their men with such arms, &c., as shall be delivered them respectively and severely punish any non-commissioned Officer or Soldier who shall Carelessly or willfully waste or destroy them, besides making them pay the full value thereof; and as there has been in many Instances a wanton waste of Arms, ammunition and Accoutrements, the Commander in Chief enjoins upon Commanding Officers of Regiments to see this Order Punctually Executed, and as it is of the highest Importance that strict Economy should be observed with respect to those essential articles, he desires the Brigadiers to pay Particular attention to the observance of the same.

The Commander in Chief Directs, that Doct. Cochran and Doct. Burnett, in Conjunction with the Officers of their department, take the Immediate Charge of the Flying Hospital.

The Muster Rolls of the Army to be drawn agreeable to the directions & forms given by the Commissary or Deputy Commissary Genl. of musters. The absent Officers to be accounted for by the Commanding Officers of the Corps. The dates of Enlistment & different Terms of service for which the Troops are Engaged to be Continued on the Rolls. The strictest attention will be expected to this order. A return of the State of the arms, accoutrements and Cloathing of the Regts. to be made to the Officer of musters on the day of every muster.

The Ranks of the Field Officers of the Four Regiments of Light Dragoons having been settled by a board of Genl. Officers at White Marsh, on the 24th day of November last, the Officers are to rank in the following manner agreeable to the report of the Board.

Colonels.
Wayland,
Bailor,
Bland,
Sheldon.
Lt. Cols.
White,
Bird,
Sheldon,
Blackstone.
Majors
Washington,
Jameson,
Clough,
Talmadge.
-------------------- page 529 --------------------

The Quarter Master Gen. is authorized to direct the Wagon Master Genl. or his Deputy to use their best Endeavours to Enlist Waggoners out of the Militia now in the Service, and if a sufficient Number cannot be Procured in that way they are to Engage such as may be deficient out of the draughts or levies from the Several States. In the latter Case, they are not to take, on any account, more than four from a Company. Lieut. Samuel Jones, of the 15th Virginia Regmt., is appointed Pay-Master to the same.


Head Quarters, White Plains, Saturday, Aug. 8th 1778.
Maj. Gen. to-morrow,
McDougall.
Brigadier,
Muhlenburg.
F. Officers,
Col. Meigs, Lt. Col. Nevil, Maj. Talbot.
B. Maj.
Haskell.

For two days guard, to be furnished with 2 days provisions. & 40 rounds per man.

Lieut. Col. Hubley, & Maj. Thompson and twenty-four Light Dragoons properly Officered to attend the Grand parade to-morrow morning at Guard Mounting, furnished with two days provisions. The Regimental Paymasters are to apply to the Paymaster Gen. for pay for the months of April & May, those who have not Rec'd their Ration money since the first of Jan'y last are to apply Immediately as the Paymaster Genl. is ordered to forward the amounts to Congress: Right wing to be paid on Monday next, second line and artillery on Tuesday and left wing on Wednesday. Lieut. Herbert of the sixth Pennsylvania Regmt. is appointed to do the Duty of Brigade Major in the second Pennsylvania Brigade till further orders, and is to be respected accordingly.

Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P.
Guard 1st Regt.
10.
2nd “
9.
2 days Guard 1st Regt.
1.
14.
2nd “
1.
1.
14.

Adjutant of the Day, Verrier.

-------------------- page 530 --------------------


Head Quarters, White Plains, Sunday, 9th Aug., 1778.

Maj. Gen'l. tomorrow, Gates.

Brigadier, Nixon.

F. Officer Col. Stewart Lt. Col. Loring & Maj, Grosvenor.

B. Major, Bannester.

For Detachment to Parade tomorrow at 5 O'clock P. M., furnished with 40 rounds per man and two days Provisions ready Cook'd, Col. Courtland Lieut. Cols. Mebane & Mellon, Majors Burkart & Hait: 16 Light Dragoons Properly Officered to Parade at the same time furnished with a like quantity of Provisions.

A Non Commissioned Officer and six Light Dragoons are to attend the grand Parade tomorrow morning at Guard Mounting. Col. Russell is to take the Command of the 10th Virginia Regiment till further Orders.

Detail,
C
S
S
C
DF
P.
Guard 1st Regt,
0.
0.
1.
0.
2.
10.
“ 2nd “
1.
1.
0.
1.
0.
9.
Command 1st,
0.
1.
0.
0.
0.
13.
“ 2nd,
0.
0.
0.
1.
0.
12.

Officer for Command, Lt. Walton.

Adjutant of the Day tomorrow, Slade.

After Orders. For the Safety and ease of the Army and to be in greater Readiness to attack or Repel the Enemy, the Commander in Chief for these and many other reasons, orders and directs that Corps of Light Infantry Composed of the Best, most Active and hardy Marksmen and Commanded by Good Partisan Officers be draughted from the several Brigades, to be Commanded by Brigadier Gen'l. Scott, till the Committee of arrangement shall have Established the Light Infantry of the Army according to a Late Resolve of Congress.

Colonels
Morgan
Gist
Butler
Hanley.
Lieut Colonels
Harmer
Stewart
Simes
Majors
Sherman
Taylor
Ledyard (?)

Col. Graham's Regiment to be added to this Corps. The Details of the several Brigades to be drafted and got into Readiness as soon as Possible.

-------------------- page 531 --------------------


Head Quarters, White Plains, Monday, 10th July, 1778.

Maj. Gen'l. tomorrow, Baron De Kalb.

Brigadier, Clinton.

F. Officers Col. Marshall Lt. Col Meade, Maj. Taylor.

For B. Maj. Marshall. Two days Guard, Maj. Sill.

Lieut. Col. Carlton is appointed to the Command of the Post at Farrystown.

The weeks Command and two days Guard to be Paraded tomorrow morning and to be furnished with two days Provisions Ready Cook'd and 40 Rounds per Man. Twenty four Light Dragoons are to Parade tomorrow morning suppl'd with two Days Provisions. Ensign Alex. Benstead of the 10th Penna Regt. is appointed Pay Master to the same.

Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P.
Guards, 1st Regt.,
1.
16.
“ 2nd “
1.
10.
2 days, 1st “
1.
11.
Weeks, Com., 1st Regt.,
1.
12.
“ “ 2nd “
1.
1.
9.
1.
1.
1.
1.
8.
For two days' Guard,
Lieut. Craven.
For weeks' Command,
Capt. McRee.
Adjutant of the Day,
Verrier.


Head Quarters, White Plains, July 11th, 1778.
Maj. Genl. tomorrow,
McDougall.
Brigadier, “
Wayne.
F. Officers “
Col. Vanschaick, Lt. Col. Reid, Maj. Clark.
B. Major “
Porterfield.

A sufficient number of Officers having not yet presented themselves as Candidates for Commissions in the Companies of Sappers and miners, the Genl request all those who may be disposed to enter this Service Immediately to give in their names and wait upon Genl. Duportail, as he is desirous of having the Companies Established without delay. This being a species of service well worthy the ambition of Gentlemen of zeal and talents who wish to advance

-------------------- page 532 --------------------
themselves in Military knowledge and distinction, and being held in the highest estimation in every Army, it will be expected as heretofore, that those who apply should be well Recommended for their Good Characters and Literary Qualifications.

The Field Officers in the Maryland line are desired to assemble, & either collectively or by a Committee, state the Pretentions of Rank Claimed by the Officers of that line, together with the Reasons and Grounds upon which these Pretentions are founded, and Report as soon as may be.

The Issuing Comm'ys are Carefully to preserve the Provision Barrels, or Cask, after the meat and flour is taken out of them, until the Coopers have repaired them, when they are to be returned to the Com'ys Genl of Issues.

At a General Court Martial, whereof Col. David Hall was President, 4th Aug.. 1778, Capt. Seely, of the 5th Pennsylvania Regt., Tryed for leaving his Guard before he was properly releived; found Guilty of the Charge Exhibited against him, being a breach of the 4th art. 12 sec. of the articles of war, and sentenced to be reprimanded in General Orders.

The Commander in Chief confirms the sentence, tho' he could wish a severer punishment had been decreed to an offence, which is of the highest military Criminality, and of the most dangerous tendency, and the safety of the army altogether depending on the strict discipline and unremitting vigilance observed by officers on Guard, particularly at the out Post.

At the same Court, Neil McGoungle, of the 7th Pennsylvania Regt., Tryed for threatening Capt. Scott's life; also for drawing his bayonet and stabbing him repeatedly while in the Execution of his Office; found Guilty of the Charges Exhibited against him, and sentenced by a more than two thirds of the Court to be shot to death. His Excellency, the Commander in Chief, approves the sentence.

Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P.
Guard, 1st Regt.,
1.
11.
“ 2nd “
1.
11.

Adjutant of the Day tomorrow, Slade.

-------------------- page 533 --------------------


Head Quarters, White Plains, Wednesday, Aug. 12th, 1778.
Major Genl. tomorrow,
Gates.
Brigadier “
Patterson.
F. Officers “
Col. Grayson, Lt. Col. Holt, Maj. Merriweather.
Brig. Maj. “
Minnis.
For two days' Guard,
Major Read.

Two days guard, to be furnished with two days provisions, ready cooked and 40 rounds per man. Twenty-four Light Dragoons are to attend on the Grand Parade to-morrow at Guard Mounting supplyed with the same quantity of provisions. The Brigade Commissarys are daily to deliver the hides and tallow at the Magazines of Provisions.

Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P.
Guard 1st Regt.,
1.
11.
“ 2nd “
1.
2.
11.
2 days 1st “
1.
12.
“ “ 2nd “
1.
1.
12.
Adjutant of the Day,
Verrier.
Officer for guard,
Lt. Nicholton.


Head Quarters White Plains, Thursday, Aug. 13th, 1778.

Maj. Genl. to-morrow,
Baron De Kalb.
Brigadier,
Muhlenburg.
Fd. Officers,
Col. Russell, Lt. Col. Hay, Maj. Lee.
B. Major,
Humphreys.

The Colliers from each Brigade constantly to be employed under the direction of Col. Baldwin in burning coal for the use of the Army.

All the teams attached to the different Brigades fit for service are to be turned out daily by the Wagon Master General to be employed by the Commissary General of Provisions and forrage in the Invirons of Camp except so many as may be necessary for camp duty which the Waggon M. Genl., will allot.

-------------------- page 534 --------------------
Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P.
Guard 1st Regt.,
1.
1.
11.
“ 2nd “
1.
11.
Officer for Guard,
Lt. Collander,
Adjutant of the day tomorrow,
Slade


Head Quarters, White Plains, Friday 14th, Aug. 1778.
Maj. Genl. tomorrow,
McDougal.
Brigadier,
Parsons.
Fd. Officers,
Col. Bradley, Lt. Col. North, Maj. Forry.
B. Major,
Alden.

The detachment for the advanced Pickett are to be supplyed with two days Provisions Ready Cooked and 40 Rounds per Man. Twenty Light Dragoons to attend the Parade tomorrow Morning furnished with the same quantity ef Provisions.

A Detachment of Light Dragoons, Commanded by a Field Officer to join the Light Infantry, this afternoon and to be relieved Every week.

The Genl. Court Martial whereof the Maj. Genl. Lord Stirling, was President is dissolved also that whereof Col. Hall, is President and another to set at the usual place tomorrow morning 9 O'clock to try all such Persons as shall Come before them. Col. Hazen will Preside. Members Lt. Col. Russel, Maj. Haws. Each Brigade gives a Captain for the Court except Scott's, Parsons' and Poor's.

The Regimental Pay Masters are to Prepare the Pay Rolls for the months of June and July & deliver the same to the Pay Master Genl. for Examination. They are to be Careful to make them up agreeable to a Resolve of Congress of May 27th & June 2nd. A Column is to be added for the subsistence of the Officers which is to be charged at the following Rates:

Col. Per Month 50 Dollars; Lt. Col. 40 Dollars; Major 30 Dollars; Capt. 20 Dollars; Sub. 10 Dollars; Regimental Surgeons 30 Dollars; Surgeons Mate 10 Dollars. The Pay of the Infantry remains as before. Except as follows:

Lieut. 26⅔ Per Mo.; Sergt. Major, Quarter Master Sergt. & Sergeants 10; Drum & Fife Major 9; Surgeon Per Month 60; Surgeon's Mate 40.

-------------------- page 535 --------------------

The following Officers if taken from the line to be allowed in addition to their Pay in the line. Aid De Camp 24 Per Mo. Brigade Major 24; Adjutant 13; Quarter Master 13; Pay Master 20.

The Officers of the Staff taken from the line are not to be made up in the Pay Rolls of their Respective Companies, but to Reserve their Pay in the manner heretofore practiced by the Staff. The Paymasters of the Artillery & Cavalry may Receive the Establishment of their Respective Corps by applying to the Paymaster Genl.

Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P
Piquett 1st, Regt.
1.
1.
11.
“ 2nd, “
1.
11.
2 days Guard, 1st Regt.
1.
12.
“ “ “ “ “
1.
11.


Head Quarters, White Plains, Saturday, Aug. 15, 1778.
Maj. Genl. to-morrow
Gates.
Brigadier
Clinton.
F. Officers,
Col. Patton, Lt. Col. Ball, Maj. Furman.
Brigade Maj. Haywood,
Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P
Guard, 1st Regmt.
1.
1.
2
12.
“ 2nd “
1.
11.

Next Monday at 9 o'clock in the morning is appointed for the Execution of David Potten, Solomon Lyons, Alex. Graham, Nick's Fitzgerald, Zack Ward, Richard Burk, Michael Coman, William McLaughton, John Jenkins, John Craig, & Neal McConnical, now under sentence of death, the ten first for desertion &c. & the last for wounding an Officer in the Execution of his Office.


Head Quarters, White Plains, Sunday, Aug. 16th, 1778.
Major Genl. to-morrow
Lord Stirling.
Brigadier,
Smallwood.
F. Offlcers,
Col. Febiger, Lt. Col. Ellison, Maj. Holdridge.
B. Major,
Hitchcock

For two days Guard, Major Murfree.

-------------------- page 536 --------------------

The detachment for 2 days pickett to be supplied with 2 days provisions ready cooked, and 40 rounds per man; 22 Light Dragoons supplied with the same quantity of provisions are to attend the parade to-morrow at Guard Mounting.

Returns to be made immediately of the Carbines and Pistols, Good, Bad, and wanting in the several Regiments of Horse.

The Brigade Q. Masters are to apply to the Deputy Commissary Genl. of Military Stores to-morrow for their proportion of Tin Cannisters, wires and brushes, fifes, drum heads, swords, sticks, &c. And proportion them to the several Regiments agreeable to a late order.

The Tin Cannisters are to be put into the hands of those men who are in the Light Infantry.

Details,
C
L
S
C
DF
P.
Guard 1st Regt.,
1.
1.
13.
“ 2nd “
1.
12.
2nd days Guard 1st Regt.,
1.
1.
12.
“ “ “ 2nd “
1.
11.

B. Orders. Lieut. Col. Harney is appointed President of the Court Martial, Vice Col. Patten who is ordered on other duty.

Officer for Guard, Lt. Cook; for Commander, Lieut. Marshall; for Court Martial, Captains Tatum, Sumner, Lieut Nicholson, Bacott.


Head Quarters, White Plains, Monday, Aug., 17th, 1778.
Maj. Genl., to-morrow,
Lincoln.
Brigadier,
Poor.
F. Officers,
Col. Chambers, Lt. Col. Stow (?) Maj. Peters.
B. Maj.,
Berrien.

For a week's Command to be furnished with 2 days Provisions ready cooked, and 40 rounds per man, Major Adams.

Eight Light Dragoons are to attend the Grand Parade to-morrow morning, two of them to be furnished with two days' Provisions.

The Sub. Inspectors are to receive thirty Dollars Per Month in addition to their Pay which they derive in the line, & Brigade Inspectors Twenty Dollars as above.

This Pay to Commence from the time of their respective appointments.

The Execution of the Ten remaining Criminals, who were to have suffered death this day, is Postponed till next Friday Morning

-------------------- page 537 --------------------
9 O'clock. Major Cabell is appointed B. Inspector in Gen'l. Muhlenburgs Brigade Vice Capt. Lewis.

Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P.
Guard 1st Regt.
1.
1.
22.
“ 2nd “
1.
11.
Command 1st “
2.
8.
“ 2nd “
1.
7.

Officer for Guard, Lt. Pasteur.


Head Quarters, White Plains, Thursday, Aug. 18th, 1778.

Maj. Gen'l. tomorrow, De Kalb.

Brigadier, tomorrow, Wayne.

F. Officers tomorrow, Col. Gibson, Lt. Col. Dabney, Maj. Reade.

B. Major tomorrow, McCormick.

Major Christo, Steward for 2 days Guard.

Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P.
Guard 1st Regt.
1.
13.
2nd “
1.
12.
2 days Guard 1st Reg.
1.
10.
“ “ 2nd
1.
1.
18.
Fatigue
C
P
1st Regt.
1.
1.
2nd “
1.

22 Light Dragoons to attend the Grand Parade as usual.

A Board of General Officers to Consist of Maj. Gen'l. McDougal, Brigadier Genl. Parsons, & Brigadier Gen'l. Knox is to sit tomorrow Morning 10 O'clock at Gen'l Smallwood's Quarters to hear the Claims of the Officers in the Maryland line, Respecting their Rank, and to make such arrangements of the same as they shall think right which they are to report to Head Quarters.

In Order to Facilitate the Business three Officers are to be chosen by that Line out of those who were in the Regt. formerly Commanded by Gen'l. Smallwood.

The Independent Companies and Flying Camp to attend the Board and Represent the Claims and Pretentions of those who have been Respectively Promoted from those Corps into the Present Battalions from that State.

-------------------- page 538 --------------------

The Commander in Chief will lay before the Board such Papers as have been Transmitted to him by the State upon the subject and they will besides call upon such Persons as they may Judge necessary to Give Information on the Points in the Question.

Lieut. John Potter is appointed Pay Master in Col. Wood's Regiment of Militia.

Regt. Orders. For Guard, Ensign Wright.


Headquarters, White Plains, Wednesday, 14th, August, 1778.
Major Gen'. tomorrow,
McDougal.
Brigadier,
Patterson.
Field Officers
Col. D. Hall, Lt. Col. S. Smith, Maj. Thompson.
B. Maj.
Popham.

6 Light Dragoons to attend the Parade tomorrow Morning. The Commander in Chief is informed that many Corps which have had Cloathing sent to them from their respective States Continue Nevertheless to make Returns and draw from the Continental Stores in the same maner as if no such Provision had ever been made for them. This Practise he does in Express and Positive Terms forbid, Unless the Officer Com'g such Corps will Evince beyond a doubt that the Cloathing from their-Respective States is not nor never will be made a Continental Charge.

The Honourable, the Continental Congress, were pleased to pass on the 12rh inst. the following Resolution:

Resolved, that every Officer in the Army of the United States, whose Duty requires his being on Horse back in time of action, be allowed a sum not exceeding 500 Dollars as a Compensation for any Horse he may have killed in Battle, this Resolution to have Retrospect as far as the First day of May, 1777, and that the Quarter Master General be, and he is hereby authorized, to pay the value of such Horses, not exceeding said sum to the respective sufferers, on the facts being properly authenticated.

Lieutenant Hinell, of Col. Craven's Regt. of Artillery, is appointed Inspector and Superintendent of Music in the Army, and is to be respected accordingly. His pay and rations to be made equal to a Captain's in the Train.

-------------------- page 539 --------------------
Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P.
1st Regt.,
1.
1.
12.
2nd “
1.
11.

Officer for Guard, Ensign Hays.


Head Quarters, White Plains, Thursday, Aug. 20th, 1778.
Major Genl tomorow,
Lord Stirling.
Brigadier “
Woodford.
Field Officers “
Col. Willis, Lt. Col. Littlefield, Maj. Sill.
B. Major “
Haskell.

Major Talbot for two days' Guard, which is to be furnished with two days Provisions, ready cooked, and 40 Rounds per Man.

Twenty-two Light Dragoons, supplied with the like quantity of Provisions, is to attend the Parade tomorrow morning.

The tents of the whole Army are to be struck three times a week, on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, from ten in the morning till two in the afternoon, when the weather will permit. The Officers will be careful to have the ground between and where the tents stood well cleansed.

No persons whatsoever, whether belonging to the Army or not, are to pass beyond the advanced Corps without permits from Head Quarters. The Commanding Officer of that Corps is directed to stop all persons who shall pretend to pass without such permits, and to report their names and take away any other passes they may have and send them to the Adjutant General.

The General also reminds Officers of a former order, forbidding any under the degree of a Commanding Officer of Brigade from giving passes to Soldiers, and expects a strict obedience.

Lieut. George Purvis (?) is appointed adjutant of the Delaware Regiment.

Returns of Medicines, Instruments, Bandages, &c., now in the several Regiments, to be made out to the Regimental Surgeons and delivered to the Physician and Surgeon Generals next Monday.

A return of all the negroes in the several Regiments to be made Regimentally and digested into Brigade returns and brought into the Orderly Office next Saturday, specifying those present and the particular places those absent and on command are.

-------------------- page 540 --------------------
Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P.
Guard, 1st Regt.,
1.
1.
12.
“ 2nd “
I.
11.
2 days, 1st “
1.
1.
11.
“ “ 2nd “
1.
10.

Officers for Guard, Capt Tatum and Ens. Wright.


Head Quarters, White Plains, Friday, Aug 21st, 1778.
Maj. Genl. tomorrow,
Lincoln.
Brigadier,
Huntingdon.
F. Officers,
Col. Hampton, Lt. Col. Miller, Maj. Winslow.
B. Maj. rend="left"Bannister.

The Commander in Chief has thought Proper to Pardon the following Criminals who were under sentence of Death & to have been Executed this day, Solomon Lyons, John Craig, Zack Ward, Rich'd Burk, Michael Carman, Wm. McLaughlin, John Jenkins, Nich. Fitzgerald, David Potter & Neal McGonnigal. Notwithstanding the general Good Character of the latter Criminal as a Soldier, the wounds he has received in fighting for his Country, the warm Solicitation of several respectable Officers in his behalf & Even the special Intercession of Capt. Scott himself to whom the Injury was offered, it is with extreme difficulty the Commander in Chief Could Prevail with himself to Pardon an Offence so atrocious as that Committed by McGonnigal. Even the Least Disrespect from a Soldier to an Officer is Criminal & Deserves severe Punishment, when it Proceeds to any kind of Personal Violence. The Offender justly merits Death, but when it extends to an attempt on an Officer's Life, as was the case in the Present Instance, it assumes a Complexion so enormous and agravating that it even wants a name and puts the Criminal almost beyond the Reach of Mercy itself.

The Genl. is happy to reflect that this is the first time an Instance of the kind has Come before him, he thinks it Necessary to warn every Soldier that a similar one will never hereafter be forgiven, whatever may be the character of the offender or the Intercession of the Officers.

Several deserters from this Army to the Enemy who have since Returned, having been permitted with Impunity to join their

-------------------- page 541 --------------------
Regiments, the Genl. to prevent an abuse of his Lenity by its being drawn into Precedent & made an Encouragement to others to Commit the same Crime takes Occasion to declare in Explicit Terms that no man who shall desert to the Enemy after the publication of this Order, will Ever be allowed to enjoy the like indulgence, but whether he Returns Voluntarily himself or falls into our hands by any other means, will Infallibly suffer the Punishment decreed to his Crime.

Capt. Lt. Ambrose Bushman, is appointed P. Master to Col. Harrison's Regt. of Artillery.


Head Quarters, Saturday, Aug. 20th, 1778, White Plains.
Maj. Genl.
DeKalb.
Brigadier tomorrow,
Muhlenburg.
F. Officers,
Col. Gunby, Lt. Col. Winfield, Maj. Menzies.
B. Maj.
Herbert.
For 2 days Guard,
M. Holdridge.

The 2 days Guard to be furnished with 2 days Provisions Ready Cooked and 40 Rounds per Man.

22 Light Dragoons to attend the Parade tomorrow Morning furnished with the same quantity of Provisions. The Northern, Southern and Eastern Post Riders will set out on Monday, the 24th Instant.

Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P
Guard, 1st Regt.
1.
12.
“ 2nd “
1.
1.
12.
2 days Guard, 1st Regt.
1.
1.
13.
“ “ “ 2nd “
1.
12.

R. O. Officer for Command, Lt. Pasteur.

-------------------- page 542 --------------------


Head Quarters, White Plains, Sunday, Aug. 23rd, 1778.
Maj. Genl.
Gates.
Brigadier tomorrow,
Smallwood.
F. Officers,
Col. Jackson, Lt. Col. Ford, Maj. Hall.
B. Maj.
Porterfield.

A General Court Martial, whereof Maj. Genl. Lincoln is appointed President, will sit to-morrow Morning at 9 o'clock at the new Dining room near Baron De Kalb's Quarters, For the Tryal of Maj. Genl. St. Clair, Brigadier Genls. Nixon, Clinton, Wayne and Muhlenburg. Cols. Grayson, Russell, Gist, Graton, Putnam, Meigs, Stewart, and Courtland are to attend as members, all Evidences and persons concerned are desired to attend.

The Genl. Court Martial, whereof Col. Hogun is president, will assemble at the Presidents Marquee or Quarters at the time to which it stands adjourned.

Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P
Guard 1st Regt.
1.
12.
“ 2nd “
1.
1.
11.
Fatigue 1st “
1.
2.
“ 2nd “
3.


Head Quarters, White Plains, Monday, 24 Aug., 1778.
Maj. Gen.,
Lord Stirling.
Brigadier to-morrow,
Poor.
F. Officers,
Col. Cilley, Lt. Col. Miller, Maj. Allen.
B. Maj.
Minnis.

Maj. Merriweather for two days Guard which is to be furnished with two days Provisions Ready Cooked and 40 rounds per Man. The Men for weeks and fortnights Command to be furnished with a like quantity of provisions. 22 Light Dragoons to attend the parade to-morrow, supplied with Provisions as above Guards.

Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P
1st Regt.
1.
12.
2nd “
1.
1.
11.
2 days Guard,
C
L
S
C
DF
P.
“ “ “
1.
11.
“ “ “
1.
11.
-------------------- page 543 --------------------
Week's Command.
Subal.
Sergt.
Corp.
Pri.
1st Regt.,
1.
4.
Fortnights Command 1st Regt.,
1.
3.
“ “ 2nd “
1.
4.
Fatigue, Corp. Pri.
4.
1st Regt., “ 2.
2nd “ 1. 3.

Brigade returns of all the Horses in each Regt., and by whom kept to be made out Immediately and delivered into the Orderly Office to-morrow by 12 o'clock.

The Hon'ble the Congress have been pleased to agree to the following report of their Committee, and to pass the Resolution annexed to it:


In Congress, 17th August, 1778.

The Committee to whom was referred a Letter from Genl. Washington, of the 28th July, Respecting Genl. Putnam, and the Report of the Court of Enquiry on the subject of the Posts on the Highlands of Hudson River Taken last year, which was Transmitted to Congress, report that upon a Careful Examination of the Facts stated by the Court of Enquiry and Consideration of Evidence taken and Transmitted it appears that those Posts were not lost from any Fault, Misconduct or Negligence of the Commanding Officers but solely through the want of an Adequate force to maintain and defend them, Resolved that Congress agree to said Report.

At a Brigade Court Martial, 14th, July, 1778, Lt. Col. Popham, President, Lieut. Waters and Mc. Namara was tryed for speaking disrespectful of the Commander in Chief, treating Lieut. Hill in a scandalous manner unbecoming the characters of gentlemen and raising a riot, and contemptious treatment of Col. Harrison after being arrested. After mature deliberation the Court are of opinion, that Lieut. Waters is guilty of treating Lieut. Hill in a scandalous manner unbecoming the character of a gentleman, but as the provocation from Mr. Hill was so considerable and so very apt to produce in Lt. Waters a forgetfulness of his character as a gentleman and an officer, they view the crime as in some method Palciated, therefore only sentence him to be reprimanded by the Commanding Officer of Artillery in the presence of all the Officers,

-------------------- page 544 --------------------
of that Corps. The Genl. approves the sentence and orders it to take place tomorrow morning at roll call.

The Court find Lieut Mc. Namara Guilty of Speaking disrespectful of his Excellency Gen'l. Washington, Treating Lieut. Hill in a scandalous manner unbecoming the character of a Gentleman & Contemptous treatment of Col. Harrison, after being arrested, & Unanimously adjudged that he shall be Cashiered. The Commander in Chief is sorry to be under the necessity of deciding a Cause of this nature & would readily Remit the sentence & acquit Lieut. Mc Namara, if his Behaviour to Col. Harrison his Com'g Officer had not been so gross & disorderly as to Compel the Gen'l. to Confirm it.

The General Court Martial whereof Maj. Gen'l. Lincoln is President will sit tomorrow at the time & Place mentioned in yester. day's Orders. Members the same Except Col. Willis Vice Col Courtland who is on Command.


Head Quarters, White Plains, Tuesday, Aug. 25th, 1778.
Maj. Gen'l. tomorrow,
De Kalb.
Brigadier,
Patterson.
F. Officers,
Col. Nixon, Lt. Col. Allison, Maj. Stewart.
Brigade Maj.,
Humphries.

A Court of enquiry to sit tomorrow morning 9 O'clock at Col. Marshal's Marquee or Quarters, who is appointed President, upon a complaint exhibited by Doct. Brown, against Col. Davis. Lt. Col. Woodford, Maj. Read & a Captain from 1st Penna & Clinton's Brigades to attend as Members.

The whole Army to have their tents struck and loaded in waggons, their packs slung and be in every respect ready to march at 6 O'clock in the morning.

The Quarter Master Genls. Com'ys, Cloathiers, &c., will in like manner be ready to move with the Officers of their respective detachments.

At a General Court Martial 5th (?) Augt., 1778, Col. Hogun, President, Lieut. Lewis, of the 9th Virginia Regt. was tryed for disobedience of Orders on the 27th of last June, found guilty & sentenced to be reprimanded in General Orders. The good character

-------------------- page 545 --------------------
given Lieut. Lewis by his Commanding Officer has prevented the Court being still more severe in their sentence. The Commander in Chief looks upon Lieut. Lewis, conduct as an unexcusable breach of Military Discipline. The plea of not knowing Col. Swift under whose Immediate command he then was cannot be admitted as Lieut. Lewis, if he was in any doubt, might very easily and very naturally have asked from whom the Orders came. At the same Court Joseph Coder of the 3rd Maryland Regt. & John Sawlin (?) of Col. Nixon's Regt. tryed for desertion, found guilty & sentenced to receive 100 lashes each. The Commander in Chief approves the sentences and orders them to be put in execution tomorrow morning at guard mounting at the head of the Regiments to which they respectively belong. At the same Court August 20th, 1778, Lieut. Lane of the 2nd Jersey Battl. was tryed for unofficer like procedure in opening a park for the British Commissaries to Congress while on Command at second River. Found guilty of a breach of Article 5, 18 sect. of the Articles of War, & sentenced to be cashiered.

At a Brigade Court Martial, Aug. 22nd, 1778, Col. Patton Presid. Lt. Levi Gatlin of the 2nd North Carolina Batt. was tryed for Neglect of Duty and disobedience of orders. Was unanimously found guilty and sentenced to be dismissed the service. The Commander in Chief approves the two last mentioned sentences, & orders it to take place Immediately. At a Brigade Court Martial, 23rd Aug., 1778, Col. Chambers, President, Josias Mensey (?) was tryed for desertion to the Enemy, found guilty & sentenced to suffer death.

The Commander in Chief approves the sentences.

Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P
Guard, 1st Regt.
1.
12.
“ 2nd “
1.
1.
12.
Fatigue “ “
1.
1.
2.
“ “ “
3.

B. O. Officer for Fatigue, Lt. Walton.

-------------------- page 546 --------------------


Head Quarters, White Plains, Wednesday, 26th Aug., 1778.
Major Gen. to-morrow,
Putnam.
Brigadier,
Woodford,
F. Officers,
Col. Vanschaick, Lt. Col. Weltner, Major Tubbs.

Major Lee, for two days Guard, furnished with two days Provisions, ready cooked and 40 rounds per man. 22 Light Dragoons is to attend the Parade to-morrow Morning at Guard Mounting, furnished with a like quantity of Provisions. Guards are to be placed at a proper distance in front & rear of the Brigades, to see that the Soldiers make use of the Vaults prepared for them. The purity of the Camp and the wholesomeness of the air, depends so much on the observance of this Order, that it is Expected that it will be strictly attended to & Every Soldier severely Punished who is found guilty of a Breach of it.

The Brigade Quarter Masters are immediately to have racks fixed up to prevent the great waste of forrage occasioned by feeding upon the ground. They are likewise to see that the waggoners remove the dung and litter once a week and burn it.

The Pay Masters who have not received the pay for their Regiments for April or May are to apply to the Pay Master General tomorrow.

The Commanding Officer of every Company is to keep an exact size roll by which his men are to be drawn up in a single rank, sizing from right to left, the tallest being on the right and the shortest on the left. Then doubling towards the center, the whole is to be thrown into two ranks, the shortest in the front and the tallest in the rear rank.

In all firings the words “Take Sight” are to be substituted in place of the word of Command “Present.”

Detail,
C
L
S
C
DF
P.
Guard, 1st Regt.
1.
11.
12.
“ 2nd “
—.
2 days, 1st “
1.
12.
“ “ 2nd “
1.
11.
1.
11.
Fatigue,
Corp.
Pri.
1st “
1.
1.
2nd “
3.

-------------------- page 547 --------------------


Head Quarters, White Plains, Thursday, Aug. 27th, 1778.
Maj. Genl. tomorrow,
Gates.
Brigadier, “
Huntingdon.
F'd Officers, “
Col. Morgan, Lt. Col. Neville, Maj. Grosvenor.
B. Major, “
Hitchcock.

Inspector from North Carolina Brigade.———

As the late Orders respecting B. Inspectors of the day renders the duty very unequal, the Commander in Chief directs that they be daily appointed in orders in regular rotation.

The Col's. & Officers Commanding Corps are requested to Return to Head Quarters, with all the Accuracy they can a List of names of all the Officers, who have served in their Respective Corps at any time since the first of January, 1777, till the present day in which they will specify their ranks & the dates of their Commissions, also such Promotions & Removal, as have happened whether from reasons of death, Resignation, or other Causes.

All Corps now in service in the Continental line are Comprehended in this Order. The Honorable the Board of War want these List and wish to obtain them, as soon as they can be made out.

½ Gill Rum is to be Issued per Ration, to the army 3 times a day (torn out) of a ¼ Pound of Flour which is on those days to be deducted from the usual Ration.

The Gen'l. again in the most Positive Terms forbids any Person whatever keeping a Horse in or near Camp who are not Properly authorized by the Regulations of the Army or by his Special Permission to keep Horses maintained at the Public Expense. The necessity of a strict Complyance with this order is obvious and Officers Commanding Divisions, Brigades, & Regiments will in a Particular manner be responsible for the most Exact Obedience. All Horses belonging to the Public in the possession of any Person not entitled to them from Public authority are forthwith to be returned to the Quarter Master.

The making use of waggon Horses as riding Horses unless by a written Order from the Commanding Officer of the Brigade to which the Horses belong is positively forbidden. Any person guilty of a breach of this order may depend upon being severely punished.

-------------------- page 548 --------------------

All persons who have public Horses in their possession for their own use, are without fail to make a return of them to the Quarter Master Genl. by Saturday noon next. The utmost punctuality will be expected.

Detail,
Capt.
Subal.
Sergt.
Corp.
DF
Pri.
Guard, 1st Regt.
1.
“ 1.
2.
12.
“ 2nd “
1. 1.
12.
Fatigue 1st “
1. “
3.
“ 2nd “
2.

Officer for Guard, Lieut. Nicholson.

After Orders,

A Board of Field Officers consisting of Lieut. Col. Cropper Major Lee, from Genl. Woodford's Brigade.

Col. Davis, Lieut. Col. Ball, from Genl. Muhlenburg's.

Col. Ward, Major Clark, from Genl. Scott's,

Are to sit to-morrow to settle the relative Ranks of the Field Offlcers & Captains of the Virginia Lines. One Officer at least from each Regiment is to attend the Board to give Information.

The Brigadiers of the Virginia line are to appoint a Board of Officers.

The End
of
JACOB TURNER'S BOOK.



Additional Notes for Electronic Version: Although many historians have attributed this book to Jacob Turner (and his successor after his death in 1777), the entry for Turner in the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography suggests that it may not have been Turner's.