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Biennial Report of the Board of Trustees of The North Carolina Agricultural and Mechanical College For the Colored Race, for the Two College Years 1902-'03 and 1903-'04:
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North Carolina Agricultural and Mechanical College for the Colored Race


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(title) Biennial Report of the Board of Trustees of The North Carolina Agricultural and Mechanical College For the Colored Race, for the Two College Years 1902-'03 and 1903-'04.
North Carolina Agricultural and Mechanical College for the Colored Race
25 p.
Raleigh, N.C.:
Presses of Edwards & Broughton.
1905.

Call number C378 A3c 1902/04-1910/12 (North Carolina Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)



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BIENNIAL REPORT
OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES
OF
The North Carolina
Agricultural and Mechanical College
For the Colored Race.
FOR THE TWO COLLEGE YEARS
1902--'03 and 1903--'04.

RALEIGH:
Presses of Edwards & Broughton.
1905.


Page iii

THE NORTH CAROLINA
Agricultural and Mechanical College for the Colored Race.

REPORT OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES.

To His Excellency, Governor Charles B. Aycock:

        We have the honor to transmit to your Excellency the biennial report of the State Agricultural and Mechanical College for the Colored Race.

        There has been no material change in the general policy or management of this institution since our last report was made to you two years ago. The affairs of the College have been administered in a satisfactory and harmonious manner.

        The College is under the control of a Board of Trustees, which holds an annual meeting for the purpose of examining and auditing the treasurer's accounts, for the election of teachers, and for the transaction of all other business that naturally comes before such a board. The Executive Committee, of which the President of the Board of Trustees is Chairman, is charged with the execution of all regulations adopted by the Board of Trustees and acts for the Board in all other matters which require immediate attention. This committee usually meets two or three times each year at the call of the President.

        For several years Hon. A. M. Scales has been President of the Board and Chairman of the Executive Committee, but his nomination as State Senator from Guilford County rendered his retirement from the Board necessary. It was with deep regret that the Executive Committee accepted his resignation, as he had given much time and thought to the development of the College, and had in this position rendered the State a very substantial service.

FINANCIAL CONDITION.

        It has been our policy to be as economical as possible in the management of the finances of the College and at the same


Page 4

time to give due consideration to the development of the institution. We believe that you will be gratified at the excellent showing made in the report of Mr. S. A. Kerr, our Secretary and Treasurer, which is hereto attached.

THE WORK OF THE COLLEGE.

        The work of the College is divided into the following departments: Academic, Agriculture and Chemistry, Mechanical, and the Department of Industries. In the Academic Department an attempt is made to give the students a sound elementary English education. The limited preparation of the students who enter has rendered it impossible to do any work in the higher branches. For some time at least, we cannot hope to accomplish more than to give the students the power to read intelligently ordinary English, to speak and to write the language correctly, and to master the essentials of arithmetic. This much must be done to make an ordinarily intelligent mechanic or farmer. In the Mechanical and Agricultural Departments, we have endeavored to make the instruction as practical as possible.

        It has been our policy to strengthen, as much as possible, the Agricultural Department, because we are of the opinion that farming offers to the Negro the most satisfactory field for employment. If the Negro Race ever develops strength to any considerable extent, it must be done by contact with rural surroundings and under rural conditions.

        Some years ago, the College purchased a farm of 100 acres in addition to the site, which was contributed by the citizens of Greensboro for the erection of the College buildings. This farm is under the control of a man who is thoroughly acquainted with all the details of practical agriculture. The purchase price was $5,000.00. By careful management and improvements made from time to time, the institution now owns a farm that is easily worth double the amount paid for it, and in productive capacity it will compare favorably with any in the State.

        It is necessary for a large number of the students to be self-sustained while attending the College. The farm and allied industries enable us to give employment to these students


Page 5

at reasonable wages, and thus they are enabled to earn a part at least of the expenses incident to their attendance at school. It would be impossible also for us to furnish the board so cheaply, if the table were not largely supplied from the farm.

        In addition to the substantial aid thus given the students, we hope by operating the farm to bring everyone in attendance, in contact with an up-to-date and well managed farm. The practical instruction thus received is of great value.

NUMBER IN ATTENDANCE.

        By reference to the report of President Dudley, you will see that the enrollment for the session of 1903-'04 was 149, and the average daily attendance was 112. This report also shows that students from 41 of the 97 counties of the State attended during this session. The enrollment was limited by the capacity of our dormitories, as we have dormitory room for only 92 students.

        The enrollment for the present session is 119 and with the usual increase after the holidays, we may reasonably expect it to reach 150. It is necessary for some of these to board in private families in the city.

A NEW DORMITORY.

        The most pressing immediate need of the institution, at this time, is the erection of a new dormitory. The College is very much hampered in its development by lack of room for all who really desire to attend. The State owns here a plant that is easily worth $100,000.00, with a teaching force amply large to instruct double the number of students now in attendance, hence, it is possible to double the capacity of a $100,000.00 plant by the erection of one new dormitory. We, therefore, respectfully suggest that the next Legislature make a special appropriation of $10,000.00 for this purpose, or a special annual appropriation of $5,000.00 for two years. This increase in dormitory capacity will not make it necessary to increase the regular annual appropriation for maintainance. It appears to us that $10,000.00 to be used as suggested above would be an excellent investment for the State. We are informed by President Dudley, that the number of applications which


Page 6

have come in the past, justify him in saying that it will be entirely possible to fill the second dormitory with good, earnest students who are really anxious to be trained, and thus aid in the more complete development of the State.

        For detailed information we respectfully refer you to the reports from the different departments.

All of which is respectfully submitted.

J. I. FOUST,
M. C. S. NOBLE,
Executive Committee.

Greensboro, N. C., Dec. 10, 1904.

        Since the foregoing report was prepared there have been several cases of small-pox in the College. While the disease has been very mild some difficulty has been experienced in handling the situation as it is not possible under present conditions to remove the patients from the dormitory. There ought to be some means provided for the complete isolation of all cases of contagious diseases from the other students.

        In this connection we respectfully refer your Excellency to the report of the State Board of Health, which was made by Dr. Richard H. Lewis after a through inspection of the buildings and grounds. His report is attached hereto. You will notice that Dr. Lewis recommends the installation of a system of water closets with sewerage connection, and the erection of an infirmary. These improvements are deemed absolutely necessary from the standpoint of proper sanitation.

        If the Legislature will make the special appropriation of $10,000 requested in the foregoing report, the Board of Trustees will undertake to erect a new dormitory to accommodate about one hundred students, make sewerage connection and provide an infirmary.

        We believe it will be possible to make these improvements with this small appropriation as a large part of the work can be performed by us with student labor.


Page 7

        The College now has on hand more than two hundred and fifty thousand bricks which can be used for this purpose. These were made by the students of the College.

Respectfully submitted,

J. I. FOUST,
M. C. S. NOBLE,
Executive Committee.

January 25, 1905.


Page 8

PRESIDENT'S REPORT.

GREENSBORO, N. C., Nov. 29, 1904.

PROF. J. I. FOUST, President Board of Trustees,
Greensboro, N. C.

        SIR:--In compliance with your request for a report from the Agricultural and Mechanical College for the Colored Race, the following is respectfully submitted for your consideration.

        The fall term began September the first and ended November 25th. Knowing from former experience that our limited accommodations would soon be exhausted and having most of the rooms engaged by students advancing payments a month or more before the beginning of the session, we made no effort to secure new students but endeavored to secure the return of former students and it is unique that our accommodations are fully taxed with a larger percentage of former students than ever before. The work of the current session is progressing very satisfactorily and while attempting to make a brief reference to the several departments, you are respectfully referred for more detailed information to the accompanying reports from the several departments.

        Department of Agriculture and Chemistry.--As agriculture is the principal support for the bulk of our people, and as it furnishes extensive and inviting fields where Negro labor is most appreciated and where racial differences present the least embarrassments, the Department of Agriculture and Chemistry which is preparing young men for the various branches of agricultural pursuits, is receiving most of our attention and energies. This department is under the charge of Prof. J. H. Bluford, who is assisted by Profs. P. E. Robinson and W. F. Robinson, both of whom are graduates of the Agricultural Department of this school.

        The Department gives practical and theoretical instruction to all the students of the first and second year classes. This work is continued to such as elect it after the completion of the second year, for the third and fourth year classes. In addition to theoretical and practical instruction which is required of all students, Animal Industry--the judging of live stock, breeds,


Page 9

breeding, veterinary science, physiology, agricultural chemistry, physics and other agricultural subjects receive special attention.

FARMERS' INSTITUTES.

        In order to extend the usefulness of this department, to help check the tide of emigration and to aid in the work of causing waste places and neglected fields of North Carolina to contribute to the progress and material development of the Commonwealth, this department has taken an active interest in encouraging and conducting Farmers' Institutes among the colored farmers. During our last school year, Farmers' Institutes were held at Sedalia, McLeansville, State Colored Fair at Raleigh, Brown Summit, Wake Forest, Clinton, Goldsboro, Graham, Dry Creek, Mt. Gilead and Scotland Neck. The meetings at these points were well attended by the colored farmers. Considerable interest was shown and at most places permanent farmers' organizations were effected. The department hopes to secure aid from the State Board of Agriculture to further advance institute work among the Negro farmers of the State.

MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT.

        The Mechanical Department is under the immediate charge of Prof. A. Watson, a graduate of this institution. He is assisted by Prof. C. D. Robinson, another graduate of the A. and M. College, and by Prof. W. N. Nelson, of the Georgia State College. This department gives theoretical and practical instruction to all the students of the school except those in the Agricultural sections of the third and fourth year classes. The special lines of work taught are: Bricklaying, Carpentry, Blacksmithing, Wood-turning, Tinning, Broom Making, Painting, and Machine Work.

        The courses offered by this department are compulsory for the first and second year classes for all students. After this time, the department continues its work with such students as elect to join the Mechanical section of the third and fourth year classes. Nearly all mechanical work for the College and considerable other work in Greensboro has been done by the students in this department. It frequently happens that students serving at their trades are offered such prices for their services that they will not remain for graduation.


Page 10

DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIES.

        This department is under the management of Mr. J. W. Landreth, a practical farmer and mechanic. Nearly nine-tenths of our students are poor boys and young men whose only support is their own labor. These young men are largely dependent upon the Department of Industries and the very gratifying city demand for student labor, which furnish them with the necessary work. No theoretical instruction whatever is given by this department. Its aim is to give students practice, to furnish an opportunity for indigent students to help themselves and to supplement the resources of the College. It is at present conducting a farm, dairy, brickyard, broom factory and one or two other industries. The farm consists of about one hundred acres and is said to be one of the finest in Guilford County. The crop, consisting of wheat, rye, hay, oats, broom corn, cotton, potatoes, etc., is valued at $3,200. On the 10th of May last one acre of our poorest land, upon which 250 pounds of fertilizers had been used, was planted in cotton. Fifteen hundred pounds of cotton have been gathered from this plot and it is estimated that 300 pounds more will be picked. The farm produces sufficient broom corn for our broom factory, sufficient farm products for our dining hall, feed for the College stock, and has considerable surplus to sell to the city market. The department further has under its management a good dairy with 32 head of cattle, a piggery, in which there are 63 Berkshire hogs and pigs from which orders are filled for different sections of the State and for South Carolina; a brickyard which has about three hundred thousand bricks valued at $1,500, a green-house well stocked with carnations, ferns, palms and potted plants from which orders for floral designs are filled for the city trade.

ENGLISH DEPARTMENT.

        This department is under the immediate direction of the President, assisted by Profs. C. H. Moore and S. P. Sebastian. Instruction is given in History, Grammar and Arithmetic. As a large number of our students come from districts where they have had meagre opportunities for fitting themselves to enter such a school as this, the nature of the instruction must necessarily


Page 11

be more or less rudimentary as may be seen from the above list of subjects. While conditions will not permit us to extend our curriculum but little beyond the elementary, nevertheless, it is our aim to try to make as good English students as possible out of the material which we have on hand with the time and teaching force available for such purposes.

ATTENDANCE.

        The enrollment for the session of 1903-'4 was 146; the average attendance was 112. That the influence of this institution may be better understood, we submit the following statement showing the distribution of attendance among 41 counties, six States and the District of Columbia: Alamance 3, Anson 4, Bladen 1, Buncombe 10, Cabarrus 5, Carteret 1, Catawba 3, Chatham 6, Craven 7, Cumberland 1, Davidson 4, Durham 4, Forsyth 3, Franklin 1, Gaston 2, Granville 1, Greene 1, Guilford 17, Halifax 2, Iredell 1, Jackson 2, Johnston 1, Lincoln 4, Martin 1, Mecklenburg 1, Moore 4, New Hanover 4, Orange 2, Pender 2, Randolph 1, Robeson 1, Rockingham 7, Rutherford 1, Scotland 2, Stanley 1, Stokes 1, Surry 1, Wake 11, Warren 4, Wayne 4, Wilkes 1.

        State Distribution: North Carolina 133, Alabama 1, District of Columbia 1, Florida 1, Georgia 2, South Carolina 7, Virginia 4. Total attendance 149.

        Our attendance for the present session is 120; of this number 13 are city students. Since we have lodging for only 92, we are forced to send a portion of even this small attendance into the city for accommodations.

A NEW DORMITORY.

        While we have a teaching force that could easily handle an attendance two or three times as large as our present student body, we are necessarily restricted by the very limited lodging accommodations which we now have. We are therefore quite anxious to secure the erection of a second dormitory. If this should be done, the usefulness of this school would certainly be greatly extended and increased.


Page 12

NIGHT SCHOOL.

        In connection with our regular work, we conduct a night school, which gives trade students and students who are unable to sustain themselves in the day school, an opportunity to work their way through school. In addition to the usual school days, our classes are now doing regular class work on Saturdays.

SUMMER SCHOOL.

        Last summer, a normal was held at this institution for the teachers of the State Normal School. Quite a number of enquiries were made by teachers throughout the State who were anxious to avail themselves of this Summer School. We respectfully suggest that a greater number of teachers might be reached and a stronger state pride developed among the Negro teachers if a good strong Summer Normal for Negro teachers could be conducted each year at this institution.

FINANCES.

        The following figures have been taken from the Treasurer's report for the school, year 1903-'4, which may be of interest:

        
May 23, 1903. Balance     $661.53
Receipts--      
State appropriation $7,500    
Federal appropriation 8,250    
Total appropriations   $15,750.00  
Rec'd from College industries.   8,529.61  
      24,279.61
Total     $24,941.14
Disbursements 1903-1904     23,735.70
May 1, 1904. Balance on hand for current year     $1,175.44

Respectfully submitted,

JAMES B. DUDLEY,
President.


Page 13

TREASURER'S REPORT.

GREENSBORO, N. C., Dec. 2, 1904.

PROF. J. I. FOUST, Chairman Board of Trustees,
Greensboro, N. C.

        DEAR SIR:--In submitting to you my report as Secretary and Treasurer of the Agricultural and Mechanical College for the Colored Race, it is my pleasure to state, that the finances of the College are in excellent shape. All claims against the College of which I have any knowledge, are paid in full to date, leaving a balance of one thousand four hundred and forty-seven dollars and thirteen cents ($1,447.13) as per accompanying report.

        All accounts due the College from students for board, lodging and tuition, are paid in full to date. In this connection, permit me to say, that for the last two school years and the present school year, up to the date of this report, every student has paid in full. I think this worthy of note and greatly to the credit of the student body.

APPROPRIATIONS.

        Our regular appropriations are:

        State of North Carolina, $7,500.00 per annum, payable December, April and October of State's fiscal year.

        Federal Government, $8,250.00 per annum, paid through our State Treasurer in July of each year.

        In addition to the regular appropriations the various industries operated by the College are a material help, and many of them more than self-sustaining, notably Dairy, Boarding Hall, Farm, Broom Industry, etc.


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SUMMARY OF REPORT OF TREASURER TO BOARD OF TRUSTEES AT THEIR ANNUAL MEETING APRIL 23, 1904.

Balance on hand May 23, 1903 $661.53  
Receipts 1903-'4--    
State appropriation 7,500.00  
Federal appropriation 8,250.00  
College industries 8,529.61  
Total receipts including balance   $24,941.14
Total disbursements 1903-'4   23,765.70
Balance on hand April 23, 1904   $1,175.44

        

REPORT OF TREASURER FROM APRIL 23, 1904, TO DECEMBER 1, 1904.

Balance on hand April 23, 1904 $1,175.44  
Received State of North Carolina 2,500.00  
Received Federal appropriation 8,250.00  
Received Bank of Guilford (Emergency    
Fund) balance on old deposit account    
prior to 1901 177.16  
College industries 4,560.54  
Total receipts   $16,663.14
Total disbursements since April 23   15,216.01
Balance on hand Dec. 1, 1904   $1,447.13

S. A. KERR,
Treasurer.


Page 15

REPORT OF THE HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT OF
INDUSTRY.

GREENSBORO, N. C., Nov. 30, 1904.

TO PROF. J. I. FOUST,
President Board of Trustees A. and M. College,
Greensboro, N. C.

        DEAR SIR:--I hereby submit the following as my report of the condition of the Department of Industries at the end of November, 1904.

        We raised a good crop on the farm, amounting in value to $3,206.00, consisting in part of 1,050 bushels of corn, 352 bushels of wheat, 90 bushels of rye, 40 tons of hay, 45 tons of ensilage, 31-2 tons of broom corn, 300 bushels of sweet potatoes, 80 bushels of Irish potatoes, $200 worth of tomatoes, and $186 worth sold for cash, 1,800 pounds seed cotton grown on one acre, 50 tons stover or shredded corn fodder, and various other crops. The farm is run to teach the students practical farming, and give them work to pay their expenses.

        The products of the farm are used in the Boarding Department, and to feed the dairy cattle and other stock. It also supplies the broom industry with broom corn.

        The surplus crops are sold for cash, which will this year amount to more than $1,000.00.

        This department also has charge of the green-houses, which are used mainly for instruction purposes, but we sell enough cut flowers, floral designs and plants to more than pay the running expenses. The broom industry of this department, will this year turn out three to four hundred dozen brooms, for all of which we find sale on the Greensboro market. All work in the broom industry is done by student labor.

        This department furnishes good wholesome board to students at $5.00 per month.

        Our dairy is doing very well. We have sale for all the milk, cream and butter that we can produce. Our dairy products are recommended by physicians of Greensboro to their patients as


Page 16

being the best and cleanest on the market. We have nineteen cows, and thirteen head of dry cattle valued at $880.00.

        We have sixty-three Berkshire hogs and pigs valued at $754. We have sale for all of our pigs. Most of them are shipped to parties in North Carolina and South Carolina for breeding purposes.

        This department also has charge of the brick yard, on which we have made this year about 400,000 brick, about three-fourths of which we now have on the yard.

        This department furnished work to twenty-five students during vacation of this year. All work in this department is done to teach students the practical side of work, and also to enable them to pay their expenses while in school.

Respectfully submitted,

J. W. LANDRETH,
Head Department of Industries.


Page 17

REPORT OF THE MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT.

GREENSBORO, N. C., Dec. 1, 1904.

PROF. J. I. FOUST, Chairman Board of Trustees,
Greensboro, N. C.

        SIR:--In compliance with your request, I herewith submit a report of the Mechanical Department.

        The Mechanical Department is successfully engaged in teaching the practical and a limited part of the theoretical work of the following subjects: bricklaying, carpentry, cabinet making, wood turning, broom making, tinning, painting and blacksmithing.

        Bricklaying.--In teaching the students to do brick work, we have had constructed a brick house 30 feet by 50 feet in which practical work of both blacksmithing and horseshoeing will be carried on as soon as it is roofed. A number of foundations have been successfully laid entirely by the students, during the summer and fall. At present, our students are building a two-story brick house of six rooms that will be a credit to the College when completed.

        Carpentry.--Practical work in house building is very popular with the students, and good results are being accomplished by those who are taking this trade. Enough is being realized to warrant the purchase of a nine-inch moulder that costs three hundred and thirty dollars. While we are making a very good showing during the school months, it is not to be compared with what could be accomplished during the summer months, when students are trying to make money to re-enter school. No other trade offers greater inducements to the colored mechanic of Greensboro than carpentry.

        Cabinet making is a trade that has been taught for quite a while on a small scale. At present, it is being conducted on a larger plan, as may be seen from the work in the Museum. Many of the students who take carpentry learn to do a very high grade of cabinet work by using the rainy days in the


Page 18

shops. Quite a large class takes this work, as they are not interfered with by the inclement weather.

        Wood Turning.--This is one of the industries that has been introduced as a trade. It is under the immediate charge of Prof. C. P. Robinson, and good work is being done. Newel posts, balusters, finials, grills, porch columns and drops are among the practical work that is being done The grill work is chiefly made from short stock left from other jobs.

        Broom Making.--Broom making is being successfully taught and is readily grasped by the students of that trade. All of the broom corn raised on the farm is worked up by the students. No broom has ever been returned on account of defective workmanship.

        Tinning.--This section is under the immediate charge of W. M. Yates who is an experienced mechanic, and has worked up much interest among the students to do sheet metal work. Tinning, like the other trades, is taught in such a way that there is little or no loss of material.

        Ready sale is found for all work made by the students during practice hours.

        Painting.--This is given along with the work in carpentry. A knowledge of the best paints is given; why we use certain kinds of paints on the outside, and what kind to be used on the inside; how to spread paints and varnishes are taught by using the brush to paint and varnish the various models.

        Blacksmithing.--This trade has been carried on through the summer months with great success and much improvement to the students. Satisfactory work is done by the students on rubber tires. Thoroughness of work and economy in material are important characteristics of our instruction. This branch of the work has suffered a little during the month of November on account of the death of Mr. C. M. Evans who was in charge. With the interest that is manifested by the students in this trade, we hope to accomplish a great deal by the close of school.

        The class work of the Mechanical Department embraces drawing, algebra, plane and solid geometry, elementary trigonometry, and such applied mathematics that must be understood by the competent mechanic.


Page 19

        Certificates of proficiency in the trade will be awarded at the expiration of two years.

        
Number of students in Bricklaying 25
Number of students in Carpentry 21
Number of students in Cabinet work 20
Number of students in Wood-turning 27
Number of students in Broom making 6
Number of students in Tinning 8
Number of students in Blacksmithing 22
Total 129

Respectfully submitted,

A. WATSON,
Head of Department.


Page 20

REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND CHEMISTRY.

GREENSBORO, N. C., Dec. 1, 1904.

PROF. J. I. FOUST, President Board of Trustees.

        SIR:--Permit me, in presenting the annual report of the Department of Agriculture and Chemistry, briefly to review the work of the year under the following heads: 1. Agriculture; 2. Animal Husbandry and Dairying; 3. Plant Life; 4. Physiology and Vet. Science; 5. Chemistry and Physics; 6. Institute Work; 7. Correspondence.

        1. The most important work of the department is the required course in Agriculture, during the fall and winter terms, of the first year class. The past year, in order to secure the best results, it was found necessary to divide the first year class, numbering 73, into sections. The instruction in the principles and practice of agriculture is given by lectures and recitations, daily, in the forenoon, and the class goes in sections for practical work in the afternoon. The second year class is given practical work, in laying out, preparing, and planting experimental plats in the spring term. The third and fourth year classes are given practical instruction in the harvesting and planting of forage crops in the fall term.

        The department has been conducting an experiment in cotton growing in Guilford County, during the past summer, and is now preparing a bulletin setting forth the results obtained.

        2. The fourth year class has received instruction in the judging of live stock, breeds and breeding during the fall term. Lectures and recitations on feeds and feeding, supplemented by practical work in the feeding of dairy cows, have been given the fourth year class during the winter and spring terms. Dairying has been taught the third year class, during the fall term; and the second year class of 32 students begins this work at the beginning of the winter term and continues it throughout the year. The time is equally divided, one-half being given to theoretical instruction, and one-half to practical work.


Page 21

        3. The second year class has received instruction in Plant Life and Plant Breeding throughout the year. The fourth year class has been taught Plant Diseases, and the third year class Entomology during the spring term.

        4. Physiology with special reference to the physiology of domestic animals has been taught the first year class during the spring term, and the second year class during the fall term. This course is designed to lay a foundation for the subject of Vet. Science, which is given the third year students throughout the year.

        5. The senior class receives instruction in Agricultural Chemistry during the first half of the year. The first year class receives instruction in general chemistry during the fall term, in order to acquaint them with the chemical terms used in their text on agriculture. The second year class continues the subject of general chemistry during the winter and spring terms, while the third and fourth year classes are taught analytical chemistry throughout the year. Instruction in Soil Physics forms an important feature of our work, and is given the senior class during the second half-year. The work for the most part is devoted to the determination of the power of soils to retain moisture; the power of various soils to draw water from the water table during dry seasons, and the value of different mulches in conserving the moisture of the soil. Instruction in General Physics is given the second year class, daily throughout the year.

        6. Farmers' Institutes have been conducted by the department at the following places: Sedalia, McLeansville, State Colored Fair at Raleigh, Brown Summit, Wake Forest, Clinton, Goldsboro, Graham, Dry Wells, Mt. Gilead and Scotland Neck. These meetings were well attended by the farmers of the respective communities and a good deal of enthusiasm was shown. At nearly every meeting a permanent organization was affected. The members of the Farmers' Institute presented to the State Board of Agriculture at its May meeting, a petition asking that an appropriation of $1,200.00 be made to the A. and M. College at Greensboro for the purpose of conducting institutes among the colored farmers on a more extensive scale. The petition


Page 22

was considered by the Board and referred to the Committee on Finance.

        7. The Department has received, during the past year, almost daily, letters of inquiry on all phases of agriculture, from farmers and teachers in all parts of the State. Some of these letters could be easily answered by having the Agricultural Department at Raleigh or Washington send the inquirer a bulletin bearing directly on the subject; while others have required much time and thought to furnish the desired information.

        Let me say, in conclusion, that the Department of Agriculture and Chemistry has constantly endeavored to make its work as helpful and as practical as possible, and we feel gratified at the interest and enthusiasm which students have shown both in the required work of the first and second year classes and the more advanced elective courses offered the third and fourth year students.

Yours respectfully,

J H. BLUFORD,
Head of Department.


Page 23

REPORT OF THE NORTH CAROLINA STATE BOARD OF HEALTH.

The Board of Trustees, A. and M. College for the Colored Race,
Greensboro, N. C.

        GENTLEMEN:--Having been designated by the State Board of Health for the purpose, I made a sanitary inspection of the College on the 15th inst. I found it in as good condition as the nature of the plant will permit.

        I note the absence of any provision for taking care of the sick. This should be remedied by all means, by the erection of a separate infirmary, so that in case of the appearance of contagious disease the proper isolation could be carried out.

        The bathing facilities could be enlarged to advantage, I think.

        The surface privy, while apparently fairly well kept, should be abandoned and a system of sewerage substituted. This can be done at comparatively small expense by the method known as sub-irrigation, as most of the work could be done by the students themselves and the amount of sewer pipe required would be small. I commend this matter to your careful consideration.

Respectfully,

RICH'D H. LEWIS, M.D.,
Secretary of State Board of Health.

December 20, 1904.


Page 24

APPENDIX.

SALARIES

        

OFFICERS OF TRUSTEE BOARD.

J. I. Foust, Chairman of Board $25.00 a month.
S. A. Kerr, Secretary and Treasurer, Bursar, Librarian and Registrar 83.33 1-3 a month.

        

ENGLISH DEPARTMENT AND GENERAL FUND.

J. B. Dudley, President of College, Head of English Department, Instructor in Mathematics and English $141.66 2-3 a month.
C. H. Moore, Instructor in English 66.66 2-3 a month.
S. P. Sebastian, Instructor in English and Bookkeeping, Stenographer, Assistant Librarian 50.00 a month.
Hilliard Thompson, watchman 20.00 a month.
Arthur L. Dunstan, janitor 6.00 a month.
Edward Smith, janitor 4.00 a month.
Thos. Rivera, janitor 4.00 a month.
Robert Reaves, janitor 3.00 a month.
Thomas Leach, janitor 3.00 a month.

        

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND CHEMISTRY.

J. H. Bluford, Head of Department, Instructor in Agriculture and Chemistry $66.66 2-3 a month.
P. E. Robinson, Instructor in Dairying and Veterinary Science 41.66 2-3 a month.
W. F. Robinson, Instructor in Horticulture, Florist 30.00 a month.
J. M. Rand, janitor (eight months) 6.00 a month.

        

MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT.

A. Watson, Head Department, Instructor in Mechanics $66.66 2-3 a month.
C. D. Robinson, Instructor in Drawing and Wood Turning (eight months) $40.00 a month.
W. N. Nelson, Instructor in Carpentry. 40.00 a month.
S. E. Miles, Foreman Blacksmith Shop. 40.00 a month.
J. T. Spaulding, Instructor in Bricklaying (eight months) 10.00 a month.
William Yates, Instructor in Tinning (eight months) 25.00 a month.
M. S. Sanders, Instructor in Broom Making (eight months) 7.00 a month.
A. J. Wooden, fireman (eight months) 10.00 a month.
S. D. McRae, fireman (eight months) 6.00 a month.
W. McCaskill, janitor (eight months) 6.00 a month.
Samuel Kilgore, janitor (eight months) 6.00 a month.
L. B. Hooper, janitor (eight months) 2.00 a month.
Chas. Foster, blacksmith (eight months) 6.00 a month.
W. H. Little, laborer (eight months) 10.00 a month.
Chas. Dudley, laborer (eight months) 15.00 a month.
O. Dunstan, laborer (eight months) 10.00 a month.
H. J. Pryer, laborer (eight months) 10.00 a month.
C. G. Davis, laborer (eight months) 4.00 a month.
Thos. Leach, laborer (eight months) 4.00 a month.
C. B. Williams, laborer (eight months) 4.00 a month.

        


Page 25

DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIES.

J. W. Landreth, Head of Department and Superintendent of Farm $66.66 2-3 a month.
Junius Rooks, Steward and First Asst. 50.00 a month.
Thos. Hepler, dairyman 20.00 a month.
E. W. Potts, laborer (eight months) 12.00 a month.
Frank Britton, laborer (eight months) 12.00 a month.
Mary Rankin, cook (eight months) 11.50 a month.
H. McLaurin, dishwasher (8 months) 5.00 a month.
Fred Whitted, waiter (eight months) 5.00 a month.
W. T. Johnson, waiter (eight months) 5.00 a month.
A. Edmondson, waiter (eight months) 4.00 a month.
W. M. Green, waiter (eight months) 5.00 a month.
Baxter Flow, milker 5.00 a month.
R. D. Murrell, milker 5.00 a month.