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North Carolina Schools and Academies 1790-1840 A Documentary History:
Electronic Edition.

Coon, Charles L. (Charles Lee), 1868-1927.


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University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill,
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(title page) North Carolina Schools and Academies 1790-1840 A Documentary History
Charles L. Coon
lii, 846p.
Raleigh
Edwards & Broughton Printing Company State Printers and Binders
1915
Call number C370.9 C77n (North Carolina Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)


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NORTH CAROLINA
SCHOOLS AND ACADEMIES
1790-1840
A DOCUMENTARY HISTORY

BY

CHARLES L. COON

RALEIGH
EDWARDS & BROUGHTON PRINTING COMPANY
STATE PRINTERS AND BINDERS
1915


Page iii

PREFATORY NOTE

        The documents brought together in this volume attempt to portray education as it existed in North Carolina during the fifty years immediately succeeding 1790. In two former volumes covering this same period an attempt was made to trace the development of the sentiment which led to the passage of our first public school law in 1839. In many ways this volume supplements the material brought together in the Beginnings of Public Education in North Carolina 1790-1840.

        No claim is made that these documents are entirely complete. It has been impossible to get first hand information about many schools of the period. However, these documents are representative and typical.

C. L. C.


Page v

EDUCATION IN NORTH CAROLINA 1790-1840

        These documents reveal much that is interesting in our educational history. The influence of the University of the State, the kind of teachers who taught the schools and from whence they came, the equipment of the schools as to buildings and furniture, the salaries of teachers, school entertainments, methods of teaching and courses of study, the attempts to establish Lancaster schools, the current ideas of religious education, the beginnings of the denominational colleges, the military school craze, the first law schools, the general resort to lotteries to raise school funds, and the kinds of books sold in the bookstores of the day and the like are the topics which stand out as worthy of the notice of the student of our educational history. I shall try to show how a number of these topics are set forth in these documents, considering each in chronological order.

        Influence of the University--These documents contain many evidences of the educational influence of the University of North Carolina, which was opened for students in 1795. As early as 1801, Andrew Flinn, an A.B. graduate of that college, was principal of Hillsboro Academy. ,1

        1 P. 280.


The next year he was principal of the Fayetteville Academy, 2

        2 P. 61.


and remained there for several years. In 1803, Bartlett Yancey, an early graduate, was assistant to the principal of Caswell Academy,3

        3 P. 19.


where he was supposed to teach the "English Language grammatically." In 1804, Chesley Daniel, another early graduate of the University, was principal of the Raleigh Academy; 4

        4 P. 391.


and Wm. C. Love, a University man, was principal of the Springfield Academy in Caswell. 5

        5 P. 29.


In 1805, Richard Henderson, another University man, was principal of the Hillsboro Academy, 6

        6 P. 281.


and William Bingham, lately "one of the professors in the University," was principal of the Pittsboro Academy. 7

        7 P. 37.


        In 1809, John B. Bobbitt was principal of the Westrayville Academy and William Crawford presided over the Warrenton Academy. The Raleigh Star of that time said of Mr. Bobbitt: "No small recommendation of the teacher is that he is a graduate of the University of North Carolina." 8

        8 P. 263.


        In 1810, Laurel Hill Academy gave notice that its principal was Murdoch McLean, "a graduate of the University of North Carolina." 9

        9 P. 343.


During the same year the Raleigh Register said that Rev. Joseph Caldwell, President of the University, honored the Raleigh Academy with his presence during a part of the examination. 10

        10 P. 420.


        In 1815, Laurel Hill Academy gave notice that "students will be prepared for any grade in the University," 11

        11 P. 344.


while Tarboro Academy announced that Robert Hall, a graduate of the University, was its principal. 12

        12 P. 77.


The same year Williamsboro Academy announced that Andrew
Page vi

Rhea, late a professor in the University, was the principal of that school. 13

        13 P. 125.


        In 1816, Franklin Academy advertised that its principal, John B. Bobbitt, was "a graduate of our own University." 14

        14 P. 95.


        In 1818, Hyco Academy stated that its principal, John H. Hinton, was educated at the University, and had taught there both in the College and in the preparatory school. 15

        15 P. 25.


The same year Union Academy in Halifax County had William E. Webb as principal and said that "those who intend that their children or wards shall complete their education in North Carolina will do well, it is presumed, by availing themselves of this opportunity--the preceptor having been educated at the University and acted for some time therein as a Tutor and Professor." 16

        16 P. 178.


During this year, Hyco Academy announced that "this school is strictly preparatory to the University," 17

        17 P. 26.


and repeated the announcement in 1820. 18

        18 P. 27.


        In 1819, Professor Mitchell of the University was commissioned by the Raleigh Academy to buy its "philosophical apparatus"; 19

        19 P. 455.


and Abner W. Clopton, a University graduate, founded the female academy at Milton. 20

        20 P. 30.


        In 1820, Thomas G. Stone, a graduate of the University, began to teach at the Hilliardston Academy in Nash County; 21

        21 P. 264.


and the next year Williamsboro Academy announced that "the different branches of education as established by the Faculty at the University of this State will be adopted in this Institution." 22

        22 P. 125.


In 1824, the same school published that "Students may here be prepared for the Freshman or Sophomore class in the University." 23

        23 P. 125.


The next year the principal of this school said that "the department immediately under my own care will henceforth be divided into four classes, preparatory to the University." 24

        24 P. 126.


It is worthy of note, too, that in 1820 James F. Martin "a late graduate of the University of North Carolina" was principal of the Madison Academy; 25

        25 P. 345.


and that James A. Craig of Chapel Hill Academy, said that "the course of studies in this Academy will be (as usual) so arranged as to render it in every respect preparatory to the University"; 26

        26 P. 299.


also that the Louisburg Male Academy claimed that "the plan of education is calculated to prepare young gentlemen for the University." 27

        27 P. 99.


        In 1821, Shocco Male Academy announced, among other things, that "young men can be prepared for the University." 28

        28 P. 606.


        In 1822, John Rodgers said that the studies in Hillsboro Academy were preparatory to the University. 29

        29 P. 283.


From 1822 to 1828, Charles A. Hill conducted Midway Academy in Franklin County as a school preparatory to the University. A typical announcement of his said that the course of classical studies is so arranged as to constitute Midway Academy preparatory to our University. 30

        30 P. 107-113.


During this year John Louis Taylor, an alumnus of the University, began his law school at Raleigh. 31

        31 P. 531.


        In 1823, Warrenton Academy advertised that its principal was James


Page vii

H. Otey, who was educated at the University of North Carolina. 32

        32 P. 585.


The same year the Raleigh Academy gave notice that "the sessions and vacations of the school will be regulated for the present, by those of the University of North Carolina"; 33

        33 P. 470.


and a like announcement was made in 1823 for the Episcopal School at Raleigh. 34

        34 P. 535.


Wake Forest Academy this year announced that "the classical course prescribed by the University of North Carolina will be followed here." 35

        35 P. 532.


Also, during the year 1823, John Rodgers of the Hillsboro Academy had published that "at the late Examination of the Faculty of the University of this State, fifteen young Gentlemen were approved on the studies preparatory to the Freshman Class, and six for the Sophomore." 36

        36 P. 284.


Finally, in 1823, the New Bern Academy Plan of Education announced that "the system of studies in the Classical Department shall be similar to that preparatory to admission into the University of N. C. and include the studies of the Freshman and Sophomore Classes of the University, when required." 37

        37 P. 55.


        In 1824, the Catawba School in Lincoln County, advertised that its "course of instruction is such as to qualify students for admission into the University of this State." 38

        38 P. 225.


Farmwell Grove Academy in Halifax announced that its principal was John Bragg, "a graduate of our University." 39

        39 P. 179.


William C. Love, who has already been mentioned as a University man, was now principal of the Springfield Academy. 40

        40 P. 29.


Morganton Academy advertised Alexander E. Wilson, a graduate of the University, as its principal; 41

        41 P. 17.


and William Hooper announced that his Select Classical School at Fayetteville will prepare students to enter the University of North Carolina.

        In 1825, William M. Green, a distinguished graduate of Chapel Hill, began his famous female seminary at Hillsboro. 42

        42 P. 300.


John Rodgers, of the Hillsboro Academy, announced that "we decline admitting students who are, at this time, qualified to enter the Freshman Class in the University of North Carolina, as our scheme of studies extends no farther than a thorough preparation of our pupils for admission to this class"; 43

        43 P. 286.


and Pittsboro announced that Mr. Lalor's tuition prepares for the University and that John D. Clancy, a University graduate, had succeeded to the principalship of that school. 44

        44 P. 39.


        In 1826, John J. Wyche, a University man, took charge of the Farmwell Grove Academy in Halifax. 45

        45 P. 180.


        In 1827, Smithfield Academy, then in charge of J. Warnock, a graduate of Glasgow, announced that "the classical course will be adapted to that observed at Chapel Hill." 46

        46 P. 195.


The same year the Nashville Academy, then in charge of the Rev. John Armstrong, advertised that "the Trustees are well aware of the inconvenience a young man labors under, who enters College, having pursued a course of studies different from that taught in the University, and they are determined to have an eye to it." 47

        47 P. 267.


On January 1, 1827, William J. Bingham took charge of the Hillsboro Academy.
Page viii

He was a graduate of Chapel Hill and was destined to attain great fame as a teacher." 48

        48 P. 286.


        In 1828, Absalom K. Barr, a Chapel Hill man, took charge of the Lexington Academy, 49

        49 P. 328.


and Thomas G. Stone, mentioned above, was in charge of Mount Welcome Academy in Franklin. 50

        50 P. 115.


Charles A. Hill, then at Louisburg, gave notice that his "plan of education accords with that of our University." 51

        51 P. 102.


        In 1829, William J. Bingham advertised that his "system of studies is, in general, preparatory to our University"; 52

        52 P. 288.


Pleasant Spring, in Wake, said that "the course of studies will be preparatory to the University"; 53

        53 P. 560.


and H. R. Hall's Ebenezer Academy in Iredell claimed that "a course of studies is here pursued preparatory to admission into the University of this State." 54

        54 P. 190.


        In 1831, James Grant took charge of the Raleigh Academy and printed the testimonials given him by his Chapel Hill teachers. 55

        55 P. 497.


Of the examination at the end of his first term the Raleigh Register said: "We were gratified at the performances of the Senior Class, who are about to leave the Academy and enter College--more especially as their destination is our own University." 56

        56 P. 500.


About this time Walker Anderson began his female boarding school at Hillsboro, 57

        57 P. 312.


which enjoyed considerable success for a number of years. Shortly after the founding of this school William E. Anderson, a graduate of the University assumed its management.

        In 1833, the Pittsboro Academy claimed to prepare students to enter any one of the three lower classes of the University. 58

        58 P. 41.


During this year Benjamin Sumner took charge of Arcadia Academy in Person and advertised the fact that he was a graduate of the University and printed what his teachers said about him as a student. 59

        59 P. 331.


A few years later on he says that the Arcadia "Course of Studies is usually preparatory to admission into the University." 60

        60 P. 333.


In 1833, Ponoma Academy near Rowles' Store in Wake advertised with pride that its principal, William B. Strain, had been a tutor at Chapel Hill. 61

        61 P. 553.


During this year J. D. Hooper, a distinguished graduate of the University, became connected with the Episcopal school at Raleigh. 62

        62 P. 536.


        In 1834, Solomon Lea was made principal of Warrenton Academy. The trustees in a public statement said: "To those unacquainted, it will be sufficient to know that he graduated at Chapel Hill, and is recommended by the Faculty of that celebrated school." 63

        63 P. 588.


The Raleigh Academy was now in charge of L. B. Johnson and Thomas B. Haywood. They announced that "the Classics will be pursued to any extent that may be desired. The excellent Prosody of Professor Hooper, and the Fine Scheme of Preparatory Studies prescribed by the Faculty of the University of this State will be constantly kept in view." 64 Joseph H. Saunders, during this year, became chaplain of the Episcopal School

        64 P. 503.



Page ix

at Raleigh. He was a Chapel Hill graduate 65 and a distinguished minister and teacher.

        65 P. 537.


        In 1835, William H. Owen took charge of the Leasburg Classical School in Caswell. He was a graduate of the University. 66

        66 P. 32.


        In 1836, it was announced that Robert G. Allison had become principal of Raleigh Academy. It was also said that "he is a graduate of our University." 67

        67 P. 511.


        In 1837, the principal of the Northampton Academy said that "with boys who design to enter College, the Preparatory Course of Studies and the Standard authors adopted by the Faculty of our own excellent University at Chapel Hill, will be, henceforth, invariably adhered to." 68

        68 P. 276.


And the trustees of Stony Hill Academy in Nash the same year said that "those who intend a course at College will invariably use such authors as are recommended by the Faculty of our University." 69

        69 P. 269.


        In 1838, there are numerous evidences of the influence of the University on the schools of the State. The Oxford Academy gave notice that "Classical Students will be prepared to enter the Freshman or Sophomore class, agreeably to the course of studies prescribed by the University of the State." 70

        70 P. 147.


Pomona Academy announced that it taught such studies as "prepare young men for entering the University." 71

        71 P. 554.


William B. Otis, Raleigh Classical Academy, advertised that its "pupils are prepared to enter the advanced classes of the University of this State." 72

        72 P. 570.


Shocco Classical Seminary said that "students for the University will be prepared to enter Freshman or Sophomore class." 73

        73 P. 632.


Finally, Manly's Private School, in Raleigh, announced that its principal was a graduate of the University of North Carolina. 74

        74 P. 571.


        Physical Equipment of the Schools.--These documents give us only glimpses of the school buildings and their equipment. It is well to remember that the North Carolina of this period was a sparsely settled, agricultural State with no large towns. It is well to remember, too, that blackboards were not much in use anywhere in the world before 1820 and that modern school desks and furniture were unknown everywhere.

        The academy at Warrenton as early as 1795 was quite well known in the State. The first building was replaced in 1800 by a structure "forty feet by thirty-five, two stories high." 75

        75 P. 577.


I have never been able to find a description of the first house used by this school. In 1805 the Warrenton trustees said that they had "contracted for the building of a steward's house, together with all necessary outhouses." They also said the academy had "a good mathematical and philosophical (physics) apparatus, which most other institutions of the like kind in this State are destitute of." 76

        76 P. 578.


In 1820, when Jones and Andrews had charge of the female academy they said they had "an extensive apparatus for Natural Philosophy and chemistry and an excellent Orrery" 77

        77 P. 615.


and several pianos. 78

        78 P. 616.


In 1826-7, when the female academy was in charge of
Page x

Elijah Brainerd, it was said to have "a Chemical and Philosophical Apparatus and a choice Cabinet of Minerals, selected by Professors Silliman, Smith, and Dr. Manson, of Yale College." 79

        79 P. 625.


        The Raleigh newspapers of this period give us a fairly good idea of what the school buildings of the Raleigh Academy were like. The first building, erected in 1802, was to be two stories high, pillared on brick or stone, forty feet long, twenty-four feet wide, with twelve feet pitch below and ten feet above, and a brick chimney at either end. There were to be two doors and eight windows of 18 panes each in the first story and ten windows of 18 panes each in the second story. The window panes were ten by twelve inches in the lower story and eight by ten inches in the upper story. there were to be two rooms twelve feet square cut off from one end of the upper story. The house was to be painted inside and out. 80

        80 P. 388.


In the fall of 1807 it was announced that "on the first day of January next, the new building for the Female Department will be finished." 81

        81 P. 404.


In 1808, it was said that "the Students of the Raleigh Academy, who are members of the Polemic Society have determined to establish among themselves a Circulating Library." 82

        82 P. 407.


In 1810, the trustees of the Academy erected a home for their principal. This building was twenty-two by twenty-four feet, two stories high, and had a piazza. 83

        83 P. 419.


In 1811, the trustees bought a second hand safe from the U. S. Internal Revenue Collector. 84

        84 P. 424.


In 1813, the trustees "deemed it expedient from the great increase of students to erect a separate House for the Preparatory School." 85

        85 P. 438.


In 1815, the Polemic Society Library and the Raleigh Subscription Library were united. 86

        86 P. 444.


In 1815, the authorities of the Academy bought 90 shares of stock in the Bank of New Bern and several shares in the State Bank. 87

        87 PP. 445-449.


An account of the school closing for 1815 said that "the experiments made by the Students in Chemistry did honor to Miss Nye." Evidently the Academy then had some kind of chemical apparatus. In 1817, the trustees insured two school buildings for $1,000 each, a one-story building used by the female department for $250, and a one-story building used by the preparatory (elementary) school for $500. 88

        88 P. 451.


In 1819, the trustees spent $500 for a philosophical apparatus, to be selected by Prof. Mitchell, of Chapel Hill. 89

        89 P. 455.


An advertisement of 1823 refers to the fact that the Academy has a number of ancient maps. In 1835, a visitor to the academy, then conducted by Johnson and Haywood, spoke of small children using the blackboard in solving problems in arithmetic. 90

        90 P. 510.


        In 1806, the Caswell Academy announced that it was "provided with an excellent pair of globes, a set of fine Maps, and some geometrical apparatus." 91

        91 P. 20.


In 1807, John Henry Gault, a traveling teacher and braggart, claimed to have a pair of "New British Globes" for the use of his school. 92

        92 P. 514.


The Salisbury Academy trustees, in 1807, said they had "procured for the accommodations of the students in a retired part of the town, a large and convenient pile of buildings, containing twelve
Page xi

rooms, of which nine are furnished with fire places." 93

        93 P. 346.


In 1808, the Louisburg Male Academy was said to be "a pleasant building on the hill about one-fourth mile from the Village." 94

        94 P. 89.


In 1810, the pupils of this academy gave a play "for the benefit of the Library lately established in that Institution." 95

        95 P. 92.


        The trustees in letting out the contract for the academy building at Smithfield in 1812 said that it was to be "22 feet by 40 feet two stories high, with such conveniences as is necessary for an academy." 96

        96 P. 192.


The same year the trustees of Hyco Academy speak of the wood work of their "elegant brick building." 97

        97 P. 25.


And the trustees of the Oxford Academy in 1812 refer with pride to "an elegant two-story Building, 50 feet long and 32 wide." 98

        98 P. 132.


Tarboro erected a school building in 1813 which the trustees said was to be sixty feet by twenty-four feet and two stories high. 99

        99 P. 77.


In 1814 the building of the Louisburg Female Academy was erected. The trustees specified that it was to be 30 feet by 20 feet and two stories high, with two chimneys, and painted outside. 100

        100 P. 94.


In 1815, it was advertised that the Jamestown Female Seminary "School Room is furnished with a pair of Carey's Globes, a complete set of large Maps and one of the United States six feet square." 101

        101 P. 170.


In 1818, the trustees of the Salisbury Academy say that "besides the large and elegant building on Academy Square, provided for the Males, a very convenient house has been prepared for the Young Ladies." 102

        102 P. 349.


In 1820, the two academy buildings were described as being "about 40 or 50 feet long and two stories high," situated upon handsome sites and surrounded with pleasant groves of native growth." 103

        103 P. 361.


        The trustees of the Hillsboro Academy, in 1821, advertised that their new house was to be of brick and "large enough to contain about 150 students." 104

        104 P. 283.


The same year Mrs. Robert L. Edmonds claimed that her school room at Wadesboro was "furnished with Maps and Globes equal to any in the United States" 105

        105 P. 10.


which reminds us that the modern habit of boasting about our schools is not really modern in origin after all.

        In 1822 Jones and Andrews conducted the Oxford Female Seminary. In one of their advertisements they declare that they "possess a better philosophical apparatus than most of our colleges." They also said they had "three excellent Piano Fortes" and that "the models for Drawing and Painting are numerous and good." 106

        106 P. 151.


        In 1824 a committee of the trustees of the Charlotte Male and Female Academies gave notice that they intended to erect two academy buildings. These buildings were to be "fifty feet long by thirty feet wide, two stories high, on a stone foundation." 107

        107 P. 231.


There were to be two partition walls in each building. In 1824, the trustees of Lincolnton Female Academy "Resolved unanimously that the building be brick." This school was 40 feet long and 25 feet wide, two stories high, the pitch below being eleven feet and the pitch above ten feet. 108

        108 P. 201.


The window
Page xii

sills were made of good soapstone and cost sixty-two and a half cents a foot. 109

        109 P. 203.


In 1825 the trustees authorized John Zimmerman "to contract for writing tables and seats for the Academy and to have three other tables made, one three feet square, and the other six feet long and four feet wide." 110

        110 P. 205.


In 1827, a committee of the trustees was appointed "to purchase a sufficient quantity of calico to make a curtain in the Academy for the exhibition at the ensuing examination." 111

        111 P. 211.


In 1828, Daniel Shuford was paid "for erecting a stage in the Female Academy." 112

        112 P. 214.


In 1836, a resolution of the board authorized "Mr. Johnson to procure for the Academy a pair of good globes when he visited the north." 113

        113 P. 220.


         Possibly the best equipped school building in the State prior to 1840 was the Fayetteville Academy building. In 1825 the trustees published the following description of it: "The main building and wing are three stories high, with a double Portico in front, and is surmounted with a beautiful Belfry--the length and breadth of the main building is about 65 by 45 feet, divided into large apartments, separated by large halls or passages through the center. They are sufficiently capacious to accommodate a school of 200 scholars and a family, and the lot is supplied from a Hydrant in the front yard with good and wholesome water." 114

        114 P. 71.


        In 1826 the Salem Boys' School had sufficient buildings to accommodate five teachers. 115

        115 P. 82.


During this year the Oxford Female Seminary said that "we have received a chemical and Philosophical Apparatus; and now each recitation in Chemistry, Philosophy and Astronomy is accompanied with a Lecture and Experiments illustrating the principles of the sciences." 116

        116 P. 157.


        In 1827, the Hillsboro Female Seminary prided itself on the "possession of an excellent Philosophical and Chemical Apparatus and Mineralogical Cabinet." 117

        117 P. 302.


A little later it was said that "a neat and well selected apparatus, together with a handsome cabinet of minerals facilitate the task of instruction in the several studies of chemistry, Natural Philosophy and Mineralogy." 118

        118 P. 304.


        In 1830, the Southern Female Classical Seminary said that Mrs. Hollister "will bring with her on her return from Philadelphia an additional Piano, so that the pupils in Music will have the use of two good Pianos." 119

        119 P. 158.


        In 1831, Berkley's Literary and Scientific Institution announced that it had "A small but well selected Cabinet of minerals," that it had "collections of flowers from the fields and gardens," that it also had "well executed engravings" on animal physiology and that the school was equipped with some apparatus for teaching chemistry. 120

        120 P. 564.


        For some years prior to 1833, unsuccessful attempts were made to establish an Episcopal school in North Carolina. In 1833, those who favored such a school met with enough success to secure funds to the amount of $5,000. 121

        121 P. 536.


As a result, one stone building was erected on
Page xiii

the present site of St. Mary's school. In 1834, the trustees asked for proposals for the erection of another building "of the same dimensions and of similar materials to that they have recently caused to be built, viz., 56 by 36 feet, two stories high--walls of rough granite, and roof covered with tin." 122

        122 P. 540.


These two buildings are still standing and form a part of the present equipment of St. Mary's School.

        In 1835, the trustees of Leasburg Classical School described their school house as being built "of brick and situated in a beautiful grove of oaks." 123

        123 P. 33.


At this time Jesse Rankin was principal of the Oxford Female Seminary. It was advertised that this school was "furnished with Globes, Maps, Pianos, a collection of Geological Specimens, and a Chemical Apparatus." 124

        124 P. 160.


        In 1837, the Northampton Academy had "an entirely new Mathematical and Philosophical Apparatus." 125

        125 P. 277.


The Stony Hill Academy in Nash at this time advertised that "a small tax of 50 cents for privileges of the Students' Library" would be collected from all pupils of that school. 126

        126 P. 268.


        In 1838, the principal of Hemdon Academy in Franklin said that he had "a pair of globes for the use of Students in Geography, and apparatus to teach surveying practically." 127

        127 P. 119.


The next year a visitor who attended the school closing of Asheboro Academy wrote that the house was "large enough to accommodate 60 Scholars, built and completely furnished off, with 12 large glass windows; and furnished too with necessary seats, tables, and a fine Piano." 128

        128 P. 339.


This school had a woman teacher and the only fault the visitor found with her work was that she did not use the blackboard in teaching arithmetic. 129

        129 P. 340.


Here was a village of less than 150 inhabitants, which had a school house large enough to accommodate 60 pupils, furnished with tables, chairs, black-boards, and a piano. There are many North Carolina school rooms in these modern times which would not compare favorably with that Asheboro school room of 75 years ago. And it may be added that the teacher of that school was trained at Mrs. Willard's Seminary, Troy, New York, then the best woman's school in the United States.

        Qualifications of Teachers.--These documents, as I have already pointed out above in setting forth the influence of the University, show the educational qualifications of many of the teachers of this period of our history. In 1790, a number of Presbyterian preachers who were Princeton graduates were teaching school in this State. What is known of the work of these preachers and their schools before 1790 has often been written about, notably by Foote in the earlier days and later by Smith in his History of Education in North Carolina and by Weeks in his Beginnings of the Common School System in the South. Dr. Kemp P. Battle also has written of these early schools for the 1896-8 Report of the State Superintendent. There is little in the records gathered in this


Page xiv

volume which tells anything about the schools or their teachers from 1790 to 1800.

        In 1793, these documents show that Thomas Pitt Irving was principal of the New Bern school. It is well known that he was a Princeton graduate of 1789 and that he taught at New Bern from 1790 to 1812. In 1794, Rev. Robert Tate was principal of the Wayne Academy. 130

        130 P. 634.


He was a Presbyterian preacher and a college graduate. In 1794, Rev. David Kerr was principal of the Fayetteville Academy. 131

        131 P. 60.


He was a graduate of Trinity College, Dublin, and became head professor at Chapel Hill, when that school was opened in 1796. In 1801, Rev. John Robinson, another teacher and Presbyterian minister and college graduate, was principal of the Fayetteville Academy. 132

        132 P. 60.


In 1802, Rev. Andrew Flinn, a North Carolina University graduate, succeeded Robinson at Fayetteville. 133

        133 P. 62.


In 1809, Flinn was succeeded by Rev. Wm. L. Turner, another Presbyterian minister and college graduate, who was assisted by Miss Beze "from New York." 134

        134 PP. 65-66.


In 1814, Rev. J. A. Turner, another Presbyterian minister, was the principal of this school. In 1802, the French language was taught in the Fayetteville Academy by "Mr. Memoral, a French Gentleman of talents," 135

        135 P. 68.


and in 1823 by M. Laising, a native of France. 136

        136 P. 70.


In 1838, the Fayetteville Female Academy was in charge of Miss S. Bostock, an "English Lady." 137

        137 P. 72.


        When the Raleigh Academy was established in 1800, German Guthrie, a teacher of note and experience, was made principal. 138

        138 P. 388.


In 1804, he was succeeded by Rev. Marin Detargny, "late of Princeton College." 139

        139 P. 390.


He in turn was succeeded the same year by Chesley Daniel, a graduate of the University of North Carolina. 140

        140 P. 391.


In 1806, Mr. Daniel left the school and Rev. W. L. Turner, "late Professor of Languages in Washington Academy," at Lexington, Virginia, took the principalship 141

        141 P. 396.


held temporarily by Aaron F. McGready. 142

        142 P. 394.


Beginning in 1808, T. Sambourne and his wife, who came from Philadelphia, taught music, drawing and painting for a time in the Raleigh Academy. They had been educated in England. 143

        143 P. 409.


In 1809, Mr. Turner went to the Fayetteville Academy and he was succeeded at Raleigh by Benjamin Rice, a graduate of Hampden Sydney College, Virginia. 144

        144 P. 418.


In 1810, Rev. William McPheeters, of Virginia, took charge of the school and remained in the principalship for nearly 20 years. He was a Presbyterian minister, a college graduate, and a teacher of considerable ability. 145

        145 PP. 419, 482.


Under his direction the Raleigh Academy enjoyed its greatest prosperity. At various times he had as his assistants such teachers as Josiah Crudup, 146

        146 P. 428.


Rev. Benjamin Rice, 147

        147 P. 430.


W. P. Mangum, 148

        148 P. 432.


Miss Bosworth "from the State of New York," 149

        149 P. 437.


Mr. Edmundson from Washington College, 150

        150 P. 437.


Miss Nye "from the State of New York," 151

        151 P. 444.


Stephen Frontis, "a native of France," 152

        152 P. 452.


Rev. George W. Freeman, 153

        153 P. 454.


Alexander
Page xv

Wilson, 154

        154 P. 458.


and Milton Barlow, "a graduate of one of the Northern Colleges from Connecticut." 155

        155 P. 459.


        In 1827, Rev. J. O. Freeman, another Presbyterian preacher and a graduate of Trinity College, Dublin, succeeded McPheeters. 156

        156 P. 485.


Freeman remained at the head of the school for nearly three years and was succeeded by Peter Le Messurier, 157

        157 P. 496.


who had considerable reputation as a classical scholar and teacher. In 1831, James Grant who had recently graduated at the University was made principal. In 1834, Dr. McPheeters tried to revive the school and in a short time was succeeded by L. B. Johnson and Thomas B. Haywood. 158

        158 PP. 491-503.


Haywood was a Chapel Hill graduate.

        In 1835, Mrs. Hutchison (formerly Miss Nye) announced that she had recently "visited one of the most respectable Female Seminaries in the North, where she made herself familiar with the most popular methods of conducting such Institutes" as the Raleigh Female Academy. 159

        159 P. 507.


In 1836, the Raleigh Male Academy was said to be in charge of Robert G. Allison, a graduate of the University. 160

        160 P. 510.


W. G. Catlin was the last principal before 1840. 161

        161 P. 511.


These documents tell us nothing about his qualifications as a teacher.

        During this period the Pittsboro Academy was one of the leading schools in the State. In 1800, these records show that it was in charge of William Bingham. 162

        162 P. 35.


Mr. Bingham was a graduate of the University of Glasgow. In 1801, its principal for a short time was a Mr. Poe, 163

        163 P. 36.


who was succeeded by David Caldwell, Jr., and German Guthrie. Caldwell was the son of David Caldwell, the famous Guilford County teacher. In 1805, William Bingham returned to Pittsboro 164

        164 P. 37.


and continued the school until 1812. In 1820, Jacob Gillett "from New York" became principal. 165 Three years later Rev.

        165 P. 38.


Nathaniel H. Harris took the school. 166

        166 P. 39.


In 1825 a Mr. Lalor taught there for a year, 167

        167 P. 39.


followed by John D. Clancy, a graduate of the University. From 1831 to 1834, the school was conducted by Peter Le Messurier. 168

        168 P. 40.


In 1838, J. M. Lovejoy, "a graduate and a first rate mathematician and linguist" took charge of the school. Lovejoy was said to be a native of Vermont. 169

        169 P. 42.


        Another one of the schools of this period which had more than local repute was the Hillsboro Academy. In 1801, Andrew Flinn, a graduate of the University was its principal. 170

        170 P. 280.


In 1803, the principal was Thomas Barron, "from the University of Cambridge in Massachusetts." 171

        171 P. 281.


In 1805, Richard Henderson, "late Professor in the University of North Carolina" 172

        172 P. 281.


was principal. In 1812, William Bingham, who had taught at Pittsboro for a number of years, became principal of the academy. 173

        173 P. 281.


He remained here for three years and then removed his school to Mt. Repose in Orange County. He was succeeded in 1815 by a Mr. Graham. 174

        174 P. 282.


In 1818 John Witherspoon, a Presbyterian preacher and teacher, became principal. 175

        175 P. 282.


He was succeeded, in
Page xvi

1822, by Rev. John Rodgers, another preacher and teacher. Rodgers remained at the head of the school, until January 1, 1827. 176

        176 P. 286.


Both Witherspoon and Rodgers had considerable reputation as excellent teachers. When Mr. Rodgers left this school, he was succeeded by William J. Bingham, a son of William Bingham. The younger Bingham was a graduate of the University and remained the principal of the school until 1840, the last year covered by these documents. 177

        177 PP. 286-293.


William J. Bingham's assistant teachers during these years were Edward Smith, J. C. Norwood, John A. Bingham, W. C. Sutton, John McAlister, A. H. Ray, and S. W. Hughes, all of them said to be well qualified teachers and college graduates.

        It has been impossible to find any records which contain much more than tradition about many of these early schools and their teachers. The Warrenton school is no exception. In 1795, the principal of this school was said to be Marcus George, a graduate of Trinity College, Dublin. It is certain he was the principal in 1802, 178

        178 P. 577.


and in 1807 179

        179 P. 580.


and that he remained principal until 1810, when he was succeeded by William Crawford. 180

        180 P. 580.


Crawford was evidently a man of some note as a teacher. In 1811, he was appointed to a position in the Federal government, 181

        181 P. 580.


and was succeeded in 1812 by a Mr. Halbert. 182

        182 P. 581.


Two years later the school was in charge of Mr. Morgan, "a graduate of Yale College." 183

        183 P. 582.


For two years, 1818 to 1820, Charles A. Hill conducted the Academy, assisted by Rev. Ezekiel C. Whitman and James Kerr. 184

        184 PP. 583-584.


Hill was a graduate of the University of North Carolina, a Methodist preacher and a good teacher. He also found time enough at a later date while living and teaching in Franklin County to be elected to the State Senate, where he was the author of the law which created the Literary Fund of 1825. He was also the leader of the opposition to lotteries in the Senate of 1826 and was no small factor in creating enough sentiment to do away with those gambling devices in aid of schools and churches. (See Coon's Beginnings of Public Education, pp. 281 and 230.) When Hill left the Academy, he taught a private school in Warrenton for a year and then moved to Franklin County. He was succeeded in the Academy by George W. Freeman. 185

        185 PP. 584-585.


Mr. Freeman afterwards taught in the Academy at Raleigh and in the Episcopal school. Later on in his career he became Episcopal bishop of Arkansas. In 1823, James H. Otey, a graduate of the University, served the academy two years as principal. 186

        186 P. 585.


He then entered the Episcopal ministry and finally became bishop of Tennessee. After Mr. Otey, George P. Williams, "of Vermont," became principal for a year, 187

        187 P. 586.


followed by M. D. Donnellan, in 1826. 188

        188 P. 587.


In 1832, the principal was Thomas J. Vaiden. He said with hardly becoming modesty that any of the Latin and Greek books read by senior students of the University of this State and of Virginia might be read under his tuition. 189

        189 P. 587.


After two years
Page xvii

Vaiden was succeeded by Solomon Lea, a recent graduate of the University. 190

        190 P. 588.


        Wherever the early Presbyterian ministers went they usually taught school as well as preached the gospel. In 1803, Rev. John Brown, assisted by David Dunlap, began an academic school at Wadesboro. 191

        191 P. 2.


Brown had a long and successful career as a Presbyterian minister and teacher. In 1819, Rev. Robert L. Edmonds who always put the A.M. to his name was principal of the Wadesboro Academy. 192

        192 P. 3.


Timothy Mason was his assistant. In 1821, Mrs. Edmonds began a female boarding school, assisted by Miss Haskins "from New York." Mrs. Edmonds claimed that she had had eight years experience as a teacher. 193

        193 P. 10.


        During this period Caswell County usually had a good classical school within its borders. The first one mentioned in these documents is the Caswell Academy of 1803. Rev. Hugh Shaw, a Presbyterian minister, was its principal and Bartlett Yancey, a young Chapel Hill graduate, was the assistant. 194

        194 P. 19.


Yancey soon quit teaching and entered upon the practice of law, much after the fashion still followed by many who use teaching as a stepping stone to some other profession. It has so often been asserted by North Carolina writers that Yancey was the author of the Literary Fund Law of 1825, that I hesitate to utter a dissenting opinion. But the credit for the authorship of that law belongs to Charles A. Hill of Franklin, as I have said above.

        After two years Mr. Shaw left the Caswell Academy and went to teach in the Hyco Academy, another Caswell County school. From 1805 to 1807, Sanders Donoho and James Bowles conducted the Caswell Academy with indifferent success. In 1807, John W. Caldwell, a son of the Guilford David Caldwell, took charge. He was advertised as "a profound linguist and a good teacher." 195

        195 P. 20.


James Kerr was his assistant in 1810. 196

        196 P. 21.


        During the period covered by these documents Franklin County usually had a good school. In 1805, Matthew Dickinson, a Yale graduate, became principal of the Franklin Academy at Louisburg. For four years Dickinson conducted the school with much success. At one time these documents say that 20 young men left the University on account of the monitorial system then in vogue there and entered Dickinson's School. The fact that he advertised to teach almost all the high school and college subjects of the day is likely accounted for by this incident. I have found no evidence to substantiate the traditional statement that Dickinson aspired to have his school supersede the University. In 1807, Dickinson's assistant (Dickinson called him an usher) was Davis H. Mayhew, a Williams College graduate. On January 1, 1809, Dickinson began to practice law and was succeeded by Mayhew. 197

        197 PP. 84-91.


In 1810, James Bogle became principal for two years. 198

        198 P. 91.


The Raleigh Star said that Bogle was "a man of genius and an excellent Classical Scholar." 199

        199 P. 92.


His assistant was Josiah Crudup, a future Baptist preacher and politician.
Page xviii

In 1812, Davis H. Mayhew again became principal, assisted by William Hillman, 200

        200 P. 93.


probably a Harvard graduate. In 1816, John B. Bobbitt, a Chapel Hill man, became principal. 201

        201 P. 95.


About this time Miss Harriet Partridge, "a lady from Massachusetts," assumed charge of the female academy. 202

        202 P. 95.


In 1821, Fitch Wheeler, a Yale graduate, was principal of the male and Miss Ann Benedict, who had taught in Connecticut and New York City, was principal of the female academy. 203

        203 P. 99.


For a short while in 1823, George Perry was principal of the male academy. 204

        204 P. 99.


He was succeeded the same year by Addison H. White, another Yale graduate. 205

        205 P. 100.


In 1824, Miss Mary Ramsey, "of New York," was principal of the female academy. 206

        206 P. 100.


In 1825, Elijah Brewer, a graduate of Yale in 1824, became principal of the male school. 207

        207 P. 101.


In 1828, Charles A. Hill, a graduate of the University and a former teacher at Warrenton and at Midway in Franklin, became principal of the male academy. 208

        208 P. 102.


From 1831 to 1837, the male and female academies were in charge of John B. Bobbitt and Mrs. Bobbitt. Mr. Bobbitt was an experienced teacher and a scholar of considerable attainments. He was a graduate of the University. 209

        209 PP. 103-106.


        Williamsboro, at this time in Granville County, was a neighborhood of cultured people. Its academy, in 1805, had John Hicks as its principal. 210

        210 P. 121.


He taught school for a number of years and moved to Macon County. There seems to be no record of his education. He claimed to teach the usual subjects taught as preparation for college. In 1809, this school was in charge of James K. Burch and Benjamin Rice, of Hampden Sydney College. 211

        211 P. 121.


From 1811 to 1815, Joel Strong, L. Holbrooks, and William Hillman who had taught at Louisburg, were principals. 212

        212 PP. 122-123.


In 1815, Andrew Rhea, a college graduate and lately a professor at Chapel Hill, was principal. 213

        213 PP. 123-124.


From 1822 to 1829 Alexander Wilson, "late of Belfast Ireland," was principal. 214

        214 PP. 124-127.


Wilson later became a Presbyterian preacher and was made doctor of divinity by the University in 1839.

        In 1805 Hyco (Hico) Academy in Caswell advertised Rev. Hugh Shaw, who had formerly taught at the Caswell Academy, as its principal and Rev. Thomas Cottrell, a Methodist preacher and a doctor of medicine, as his assistant. 215

        215 P. 22.


In 1812, Abel Graham was principal and in 1814 L. Holbrooks. 216

        216 PP. 24-25.


In 1818, John H. Hinton, who was educated at Chapel Hill and had taught in the preparatory school there, was principal. 217

        217 P. 25.


In 1820, Mablon Kenyon, an A.M. "graduate of one of the Northern Colleges," became principal. 218

        218 P. 26.


In 1822, Dabney Rainey was his assistant. 219

        219 P. 27.


In 1834, Hyco announced that its principal was "a man who has enjoyed the advantages of a regular collegiate education." 220

        220 P. 28.


        From 1805 to 1837, there was a school of some pretensions in Wilkes. In 1805, this school was in charge of a Mr. Harrison, of South Carolina, evidently a college graduate. In 1810, Rev. Peter McMillan, a


Page xix

Presbyterian preacher and college graduate, was its principal. In 1828, another Presbyterian preacher was in charge, Rev. A. W. Gay. Finally the school was conducted, beginning in 1837, by Mr. and Mrs. Hall. 221

        221 P. 636-639.


        These documents contain very little about the schools of Edenton. They do tell us, however, that Rev. J. O. Freeman was teaching there in 1805, assisted by Messrs. Nye and Hilliard, who were recommended by "a number of respectable characters in the towns of Cambridge and Falmouth, in Massachusetts." 222

        222 PP. 326-327.


Likely they were Harvard graduates.

        As early as 1806, Guilford Academy was advertised with John W. Caldwell as principal. 223

        223 P. 168.


In 1818, the school was conducted by Nathaniel H. Harris and James Kerr. 224

        224 P. 168.


In 1819, Rev. William Paisley, a Presbyterian minister, became principal, assisted by his daughter and Iveson L. Brooks. 225

        225 P. 168.


In 1821, Mr. Paisley was still principal, assisted by John W. Caldwell, Jonathan Worth and Miss Paisley. 226

        226 PP. 169-170.


In 1828, the school was in charge of John D. Clancy, a graduate of the University. 227

        227 P. 170.


The Jonathan Worth mentioned as a teacher in this school was the same Jonathan Worth who was afterwards governor of the State.

        When Liberty Hall Academy which was chartered in 1778 was abandoned in 1780, it was removed to Salisbury. There is no authentic record of the Salisbury School prior to 1807. During that year, the trustees announced that they had secured Rev. John Brown, "some years at Wadesboro," to act as their principal teacher. 228

        228 P. 346.


In 1818, the academy was in charge of Robert L. Edmonds, who was "educated in the University of Glasgow" and at Trinity College, Dublin. Mr. Edmonds was assisted by Miss Eliza Slater and Miss Mitchell, "two young ladies who have been procured from New York." Later on Miss Mary Ann Slater, a sister of Miss Eliza Slater, was also a teacher in the academy. 229

        229 PP. 349-351.


Just as it often happens now, the women teachers of that day abandoned their school room duties and got married. The middle name of one of our present U. S. senators, whose home is at Salisbury, is Slater--Lee Slater Overman is his full name.

        In 1821, Rev. Jonathan O. Freeman became principal of the Salisbury Academy. He was here when called to Raleigh to succeed Dr. McPheeters in 1827. In 1838, the Salisbury Female Academy was in charge of Mrs. Hutchison, formerly Miss Nye, who once taught at Raleigh. She was assisted by Miss Sarah Louise Nye of New York, a niece, by Miss Emma J. Baker and by Rev. Stephen Frontis, the "native of France" who formerly taught at Raleigh. 230

        230 P. 381.


        A number of other teachers are named in these records before 1810. Some of them, like Jacob Nelson 231

        231 P. 343.


at Mt. Clio Academy and A. M. Rogers 232

        232 P. 167.


at Greene Academy in 1807, are mentioned only once and nothing is known as to their antecedents. The Raleigh Star said that Jacob Mordecai, who conducted a female seminary at Warrenton from 1808 to 1815, was a man of education and taste. 233

        233 P. 595.


In 1808, Rev. William
Page xx

Paisley was teaching at Hawfield Academy, in Orange County. 234

        234 P. 295.


He was evidently a man of considerable ability as a teacher and also a man of collegiate training. In 1814, this school was in charge of John H. Pickard, 235

        235 P. 296.


who taught the usual studies preparatory to college. In 1809, Pickard was the principal of the Sims Latin School and was said to be a graduate of the University of North Carolina. 236

        236 P. 603.


        Shortly after 1800, the Westrayville Academy was established. From 1809 to 1811, this school was in charge of John B. Bobbitt, a young graduate of the University, who was later to become one of the best known teachers in the State. 237

        237 PP. 263-264.


In 1809, Rev. Joseph D. Kilpatrick, a Presbyterian preacher of Rowan, had charge of a school in that county which he called Kilpatrick's School. 238

        238 P. 382.


Another Presbyterian preacher and teacher, Rev. George Newton, was principal of Union Hill Academy near Asheville in 1809, 239

        239 P. 14.


while Rev. John Robinson was teaching at Poplar Tent in Cabarrus 240

        240 P. 329.


and Rev. John M. Wilson at Rocky River. 241

        241 P. 329.


        In 1810, the Rev. James Thompson, of Virginia, was principal of the Washington Academy in Beaufort County. 242

        242 P. 330


He was a Presbyterian preacher and a college graduate. The same year Murdoch McLean, a recent graduate of the University, began to teach at Laurel Hill in Robeson County. 243

        243 P. 343.


About this time the Raleigh Register contained a notice of the death of Rev. Joseph Alexander, who had graduated at Princeton in 1760 and whom it calls one of the fathers of learning in the "Western Woods of Carolina." 244

        244 P. 229.


        During 1811, J. O. Freeman who was later on principal of the Salisbury Academy and of the Raleigh Academy, was teaching at Murfreesboro. 245

        245 P. 328.


Daniel Adams who was formerly principal of an academy at Stratford, Connecticut, was principal of the Vine Hill Academy, Scotland Neck. 246

        246 P. 175.


In 1812, Adams was succeeded by a Mr. Jones, of Connecticut. 247

        247 P. 176.


Both Adams and Jones were probably Yale graduates. Rev. M. McMillan, a Presbyterian preacher and teacher, was principal of the Euphronian Academy in Moore County; 248

        248 P. 327.


and Elijah Graves was teaching at Pleasant Grove in Granville County, in 1812. 249

        249 P. 132.


Both of these teachers had collegiate training.

        From 1813 to 1840, these papers give a fairly connected account of the schools and teachers in Granville, especially those located in Oxford. In 1813, Thomas H. Willie, who had been educated by Thomas P. Irving of Princeton in the New Bern Academy, was made principal of the Oxford Academy. 250

        250 P. 132.


In 1815, Rev. James Thompson, a Presbyterian preacher and teacher, was principal and Mr. Willie was his assistant. 251

        251 P. 133


In 1818, George W. Freeman, who has already been mentioned in connection with the Raleigh Academy, was principal for a year, assisted by Levi H. McLean, Lotan G. Watson, and Miss Bosworth. 252

        252 P. 133.


From 1819 to 1822, a Mr. Bugbee and Ransom Hubbill were principals. 253

        253 P. 134.


Their assistants were Miss Griswold, Miss Halcomb, Miss Mitchell and
Page xxi

Mr. Paschall. Misses Bosworth, Halcomb, Griswold and Mitchell were all educated "in the north." From 1822 to 1829, James D. Johnson, a Yale graduate, was principal. His assistants were Miss Mitchell, a Mr. Graham, who was a graduate of Washington College in Virginia, Miss Emma Stansbury, "a daughter of Rev. A. Stansbury, late of Albany," and Rev. Joseph Labaree, a Presbyterian minister and teacher. 254

        254 PP. 135-146.


In 1829, the Oxford Academy was in charge of Silas C. Lindsly, a graduate of Princeton. He continued principal for some three years 255

        255 P. 146.


and was succeeded by James H. Wilkes, in 1832. In 1838, A. Hart and T. Higgins were principals. Mr. Hart was said to be a "gentleman of considerable attainments in classical and scientific knowledge, acquired in England, Italy and France," while Mr. Higgins was described as "a graduate of an European College." 256

        256 P. 147.


At the end of the year 1838, David F. Robertson, a native of Scotland and educated in that country, came to teach at Oxford. He had been a teacher in the Academy at Albany, New York. 257

        257 PP. 148-149.


The next year Thomas H. Willie returned to Oxford and succeeded Robertson. 258

        258 P. 150.


        For two years, 1822-4, Jones and Andrews who had formerly taught at Warrenton, conducted what they called the Oxford Seminary. On leaving Oxford, Mr. Jones became professor in the Franklin Institute of Philadelphia, and was later superintendent of the U. S. Patent Office and professor of chemistry in the medical department of Columbian College, Washington, D. C. 259

        259 P. 154.


From 1826 to 1830, the Oxford Seminary was in charge of Rev. Joseph Labaree, assisted by Rev. Thomas Skelton and wife of Massachusetts and Miss Hannah Kennedy a teacher who had come South to assist Jones and Andrews. 260

        260 PP. 154-157.


During the years 1830-32, Rev. E. Hollister and wife conducted the Seminary. They had Miss E. Humphrey as their assistant. She had taught in the Moravian school at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, before coming to Oxford. 261

        261 PP. 157-159.


In 1835, Rev. Jesse Rankin, a Presbyterian preacher and teacher, took charge of the Seminary. 262

        262 P. 160.


In 1839, Rankin was succeeded by Anderson G. Hughes and Anne E. Hughes, but these documents say nothing as to their previous professional training or experience. 263

        263 P. 160.


        In 1815, Duncan McLaurin, "late of South Carolina," was teaching at Laurel Hill, in Robeson County. he was denominated by the board of trustees as "that eminent teacher." 264

        264 P. 344.


The same year William E. Webb, "formerly Progfessor of Languages in the University of this State," was conducting the Union Academy in Halifax; 265

        265 PP. 178-179.


and Robert Hall, another University graduate and former teacher at Raleigh, was principal of the Tarboro Academy. 266

        266 P. 77.


        In 1818, Austin A. Hersey, "a graduate of Dartmouth University," took charge of the school at Hookerton in Greene County; 267

        267 P. 167.


and James A. Craig, a University of North Carolina graduate, began to teach in the Wayne Academy. 268

        268 P. 635.


This year Rev. Wm. Bingham began to teach at Mt. Repose in Orange, succeeded there by his son W. J. Bingham in
Page xxii

1826 and by W. P. Forrest in 1829. 269

        269 PP. 296-298.


It was in 1819 that Rev. Elijah Graves and his wife announced the beginning of their school at Long Meadows in Orange. Mr. Graves had a long and honorable career as a teacher and Presbyterian preacher. 270

        270 P. 298.


The year 1819 also marked the opening of the Milton Female Seminary under the principalship of Abner W. Clopton, assisted by the Misses Thomas, who had been educated in New York. 271

        271 P. 30.


        In 1819, John H. Hassam, a traveling teacher of English Grammar, came to Raleigh from New Hampshire and opened his Private Academy. Hassam professed to be able to teach "a correct and practical knowledge of English Grammar and Punctuation in twenty-four lectures of two hours each." Soon after his arrival, he associated himself with George W. Freeman. In three years Hassam had blossomed out as a lawyer and the owner of a farm of 150 acres. The Private Academy seems not to have lasted longer than three years, though all the subjects preparatory to college were taught. 272

        272 PP. 521-525.


        From 1818 to 1821, Rev. Thomas Cottrell, the Methodist minister, and his wife conducted the Shocco Female Academy in Halifax. 273

        273 P. 604.


After the Cottrells left, this school was conducted for a year by the Rev. Rufus Wiley and his son and daughter. In 1822, Shocco was in charge of Philip Wiley and Mrs. Mary Lucas, widow of the Raleigh lawyer, Alexander Lucas. 274

        274 PP. 606-608.


        Beginning in 1819, the Warrenton Female Seminary was managed by Jones and Andrews. They succeeded J. Mordecai. Their school flourished for about three years. 275

        275 PP. 612-618


From 1822 to 1824 Achilles Plunkett, J. D. Plunkett, Mrs. Plunkett and their associates conducted the school. 276

        276 PP. 618-620.


From 1825 to 1826, E. and C. C. Brainerd, of Massachusetts, were principals. C. C. Brainerd died in 1826 and his place was taken by John Kendrick, of Dartmouth College. In 1829 the school went back into the hands of Mrs. Plunkett who conducted it until 1834, 277

        277 PP. 626-627.


when she was succeeded by Mrs. Harriet J. Allen, 278

        278 P. 627.


who had been educated in New York State.

        Beginning in 1820, Rev. John Mushat conducted the school at Statesville for two years. 279

        279 P. 187.


Mushat was a Presbyterian preacher and had the reputation of being an excellent teacher. The same year that Mushat began his Statesville school saw the beginnings of a number of other schools, all in charge of graduates of the State University, viz., Charles A. Hill's private school at Warrenton, 280

        280 P. 628.


James F. Martin's academy at Madison, 281

        281 P. 345.


James A. Craig's Chapel Hill Academy, 282

        282 P. 299.


and Thomas G. Stone's school at Hilliardston in Nash County. 283

        283 P. 264


In 1820, the Lawrenceville Male Academy was announced to begin on January 1, 1821, "under the care of a Gentleman from the North, whose name we have not yet learned from our agent." The Female Academy at the same place was under the care of Mrs. Terrell, "late of Connecticut." 284

        284 P. 328.



Page xxiii

        Some time before 1820, there were schools for boys and girls at Lincolnton. These records show that by 1820, the academies at that place were organized. From 1820 to 1822, Joseph E. Bell, "late of Union Seminary in Tennessee," 285

        285 P. 196.


was principal. Mr. Bell was at that time a Lutheran preacher. he later on entered the Presbyterian ministry. He was a man of considerable scholarship, but he was finally forced to leave the ministry and teaching because of conduct unbecoming his profession. In 1822, Rev. John Mushat became principal of the Lincolnton schools. He was assisted by Nathaniel N. Smith. 286

        286 P. 197.


Both were men of good scholarship, being college graduates, as was the successor of Mr. Smith, James J. Watson. 287

        287 P. 200.


In 1824, Allen D. Metcalf, "a graduate of Hampden Sydney College" 288

        288 P. 200.


became the successor of Mushat. He remained only a year and was succeeded by Nathaniel N. Smith and Samuel P. Simpson. Mr. Simpson soon abandoned teaching and entered upon the practice of medicine. 289

        289 P. 200.


From 1826 to 1829, Miss Maria Allen had charge of the girls' school. 290

        290 P. 206.


She was educated in New York State and left teaching to get married in 1829 when she was succeeded by her sister, Miss Harriet Allen. 291

        291 PP. 216-217.


In 1832, Miss Amelia Thompson, another teacher from the North, succeeded Miss Allen. 292

        292 P. 218.


Two years later, 1834, the boys' school was in charge of George W. Morrow, a graduate of the University. 293

        293 P. 220.


These records close this period of the history of the Lincolnton schools with the announcement that Miss Abigail Mason, of Pennsylvania, would take charge of the girls' school in 1841. 294

        294 P. 224.


        When the Smithfield Academy was begun in February, 1820, the trustees said that it would be in charge of Robert Brevard Poor, who "graduated at Cambridge (Mass.) lastAugust." 295

        295 P. 194.


In 1827, this school was conducted by A. W. Gav, who later taught in Wilkesboro, and Miss R. D. Salmon. 296

        296 P. 194.


Mr. Gay was a Presbyterian minister and Miss Salmon was a graduate of one of the New York seminaries. In 1828, this academy had for its principal, J. Warnock, "a graduate of Glasgow University." 297

        297 P. 195.


Seven years later William Broome was the teacher of this school. 298

        298 P. 195.


Nothing is recorded as to his previous education.

        From 1820 to 1837, there was a school of some pretensions at Farmwell Grove in Halifax County. 299

        299 P. 179.


The first teacher mentioned was Levi H. McLean. In 1824, Thomas Bragg, "a graduate of our University," was the teacher. After two years he was succeeded by John J. Wyche, another University graduate. In 1827, this school was conducted by J. Judge.

        In 1821, Rev. John Williamson had a school at Hopewell in Mecklenburg County. 300

        300 P. 230.


Mr. Williamson was a Presbyterian preacher and a college bred man. From 1822 to 1828, Charles A. Hill taught at Midway in Franklin County. 301

        301 PP. 107-113.


In 1822, Rev. Chauncey Eddy, another Presbyterian minister, began a school at Morganton. He was assisted by Mrs. Eddy and by Miss Parkman. After two years the
Page xxiv

school was in charge of Alexander E. Wilson, "a graduate from the State University." 302

        302 PP. 16-17.


Miss Parkman was one of the numerous North Carolina teachers of this period who had been educated in one of the northern schools. The same year that Mr. Eddy began to teach at Morganton the trustees of the Littleton Select School announced that "the Male Department will be conducted by a young gentleman from N. York, who has received his education in Yale College." 303

        303 P. 631.


From 1822 to 1824, Rev. Thomas Cottrell, his wife, and his son Benjamin Cottrell began a school at Shady Grove in Warren County. 304

        304 P. 628.


        In 1823, George W. Freeman began the Episcopal School at Raleigh. 305

        305 P. 535.


For ten years this school met with indifferent success. In 1833, J. D. Hooper became principal. 306

        306 P. 536.


During this year buildings were erected and the next year the school was put in charge of Joseph G. Cogswell, Joseph H. Saunders and J. D. Hooper. 307

        307 P. 537.


After a year Cogswell left. 308

        308 PP. 545-548.


In 1837, Rev. M. A. Curtis became principal for two years. 309

        309 P. 547.


Mr. Curtis was succeeded in 1839 by John A. Backhouse and Edwin Geer. 310

        310 P. 549.


Hooper and Saunders were graduates of the University. Mr. Cogswell became professor in the University of South Carolina and finally was librarian of the Astor Library in New York City. Mr. Curtis was a man of considerable learning, especially in the realm of natural science. Of the other teachers of this school, I have found out nothing as to their previous education.

        Between 1820 and 1830, there are a number of teachers and schools mentioned in these papers for short periods. An example is Hooper's Select Classical School at Fayetteville in 1824, of which William Hooper, "late a professor in the University," was principal. 311

        311 P. 72.


In this class belongs the Tarboro Academy of 1824. At that time a Mr. Griswold resigned as principal and was succeeded by Eugene Farnan, "a native of Ireland." 312

        312 P. 77.


Other examples are the following: Bertie Union Academy of 1825 under John D. Tate; 313

        313 P. 325.


the Charlotte Female Academy of 1825-28 under Rev. Thomas Cottrell, 314

        314 PP. 232-240.


and the Charlotte Male Academy of 1826, in charge of the Rev. Allen D. Metcalf, A.B.; 315

        315 P. 233.


Rev. John Witherspoon's Boarding School at Hillsboro from 1826 to 1830; 316

        316 P. 310.


Walter S. Pharr's Sugar Creek Academy of 1827; 317

        317 P. 241.


Rev. P. J. Sparrow's school at Buffalo in Lincoln County during the year 1827; 318

        318 P. 226.


Robert Tinnin's Shiloh Academy of 1827, in Granville; 319

        319 P. 163.


the Spring Grove Academy of 1827 in Franklin under Mr. Guernsey, "a graduate of a Northern College," and Edward G. Benners; 320

        320 P. 114.


the Nashville Academy of 1827 in charge of Rev. John Armstrong, a graduate of Columbian College, Washington, D. C.; 321

        321 P. 266.


Rev. R. H. Chapman's Classical School of 1828 at Center Church in Iredell; 322

        322 P. 191.


Thomas G. Stone's Mount Welcome Academy of 1828 in Franklin; 323

        323 P. 115.


Absalom K. Barr's Lexington Academy of 1828, 324

        324 P. 328.


H. R. Hall's Ebenezer Academy of 1829 in Iredell; 325

        325 P. 190.


and George W. Morrow's Bethlehem School of 1829 in Orange. 326

        326 P.312.



Page xxv

        Raleigh and Wake County had a number of schools begun before 1830, which had more or less success. In 1823, James Pheelan at Wake Forest Academy was preparing students for the University, 327

        327 P. 532.


and J. E. Lumsden in his private school at Raleigh also advertised that he would prepare pupils to enter the same college. 328

        328 P. 534.


Mr. Lumsden and his wife continued to teach the remaining seventeen years covered by these documents. When the Raleigh Academy, in 1827, had lost some of its former vigor and popularity, Timothy E. Dwight, a graduate of Yale, opened in Raleigh what he called Dwight's Select School. 329

        329 P. 554.


But the career of this school was short-lived. Even Dr. William McPheeters' attempt to establish in Raleigh a Female Boarding School in 1827 seems to have finally met with failure after six years of experiment. 330

        330 PP. 555-556.


One of the assistants in this school was Miss M. C. Street, "an experienced Preceptress from the North." 331

        331 P. 556.


In 1829, James Logan advertised that he prepared boys for the University at Pleasant Spring Academy in Wake County. 332

        332 P. 560.


At the same time J. H. Wilkes was principal at Pomona Academy, also in Wake. 333

        333 P. 552.


This school was later taught by William B. Strain, 334

        334 P. 553.


already referred to as a University graduate, and by the same Mr. Higgins who formerly taught in the Oxford Academy. 335

        335 P. 554.


Beginning in 1829 the Wake Forest Pleasant Grove Academy in Wake County seems to have had a continuous existence. 336

        336 PP. 557-559.


This school was first in charge of Daniel W. Kerr and his wife. Dr. Battle says Kerr was a good teacher. The other teachers here were Edward T. Fowlkes, who taught English grammar in seven weeks, Miss Eliza W. Bobbitt, and Miss Martha R. Richardson, "a young lady from the North."

        There seems to have been a good school in Pitt County as early as 1800. The first record of the school in these documents in dated 1828, when George Stokes, a graduate of Trinity College, Dublin, was the principal. 337

        337 P. 334.


He was succeeded by William A. Walker in 1831, who taught the usual subjects preparatory to college. In 1835, Mrs. Saffery was principal of the Greenville Female Seminary. She advertised that she followed the system of Mrs. Willard in her school at Troy, New York; and that she had resided nine years in Paris and vicinity. 338

        338 P. 335.


        Possibly one of the best girls' schools of this period was the school conducted by William M. Green and his assistants at Hillsboro from 1825 to 1840. 339 Mr. Green was a graduate of the University and after 1838 a professor in that institution. In later years he became the Protestant Episcopal Bishop of Mississippi. His principal assistants were Miss Lavinia Brainerd and Miss Maria L. Spear. Both were educated in the best schools for women in the North. In 1839, Miss Spear said she followed the methods of the Common School Union.

        339 PP. 300-310.


        It would be an incomplete picture of the schools of this period to imagine that they all taught Latin, Greek and the other college preparatory studies. As early as 1802, A. Wills began "a cheap English


Page xxvi

school" in Raleigh. The term was three months at twenty shillings a quarter. He said he would wait until fall for his pay and would take produce for tuition. 340

        340 P. 512.


In 1809, Wills said he would accept brandy in payment of board at $50 a year and tuition at 10 a year. 341

        341 P. 512.


Later on he said he would take pay in old corn, tallow, and other produce; and that he wanted to hire a young man to keep a bar. 342

        342 P. 513.


In 1807 John H. Gault taught an English school in Wake County. Gault said he declined to teach Latin and Greek. He claimed to lay great stress on reading, speaking, accent, cadence and spelling. He indulged in much high sounding talk about the progress of his pupils. 343

        343 PP. 513-514.


        These papers give us only a glimpse of the school of the negro John Chavis, who taught in Raleigh in 1808. Chavis was said to be a man of some education and a Presbyterian preacher. His Raleigh school was evidently a primary or an elementary school of small pretensions. At first he taught "children of colour" along with white children. But this plan evidently gave offense to some. So Chavis announced that he would "open an Evening School for the purpose of instructing Children of Colour, as he intends, for the accommodation of some of his employers, to exclude Children of Colour from his Day School." 344

        344 P. 515.


        In 1809, the Raleigh Register, speaking of the death of William Holland, said that Holland was a native of England, that he was an English school teacher of good qualifications, of correct manners, and that he wrote a beautiful hand. 345

        345 P. 515.


In 1814, the same paper contained a death notice of Norman Campbell, "a respectable old schoolmaster who had taught for a number of years with general satisfaction, in different parts of the county." 346

        346 P. 520.


        In 1813, B. Nichols advertised that he would teach writing in fifteen exercises of two hours each. 347

        347 P. 516.


In 1815, Mrs. George Mumford, "recluse," had a school in Rowan. 348

        348 P. 383.


At the same time Thomas L. Ragsdale was conducting what he called his Juvenile Academy in Wake. 349

        349 P. 520.


After a number of years service as teachers at Warrenton and other places, Sarah and William Falkener died in 1819. They were natives of England and the Raleigh Register said they were the pioneers of female education in this section. 350

        350 P. 594.


        From 1820 to 1830 Mr. and Mrs. J. Marling taught drawing and painting in Raleigh. 351

        351 P. 526.


In 1820, Harvey James Bryan conducted a Saturday singing school in the Raleigh Methodist church. 352

        352 P. 526.


The same year T. McQueen taught "a highly improved System of Stenography in Raleigh." 353

        353 P. 517.


Two years later T. Mason taught stenography in 15 lessons and Hebrew in 30 lessons to such persons in Raleigh as desired his services. 354

        354 P. 527.


Anthony G. Glynn, who formerly taught in the Raleigh Academy announced, in 1822 the opening of his Athenaeum in the capital city. He claimed that his health would not permit him to practice law vigorously, so he opened his school to teach the English branches with special attention to graceful reading and speaking. He also said that he would not resort to corporal punishment. 355

        355 P. 530.



Page xxvii

        From 1811 to 1835, these documents show us that the school at Salem was usually trying to avoid having so many pupils. During these years this school was in charge of such scholars and teachers as Abraham Steiner, Benjamin Reichel, Jacob Van Vleck, Andrew Benade, and John C. Jacobson. 356

        356 PP. 80-83.


        From 1830 to 1840, there were a number of teachers employed in various schools, whose qualifications have already been referred to. In 1831, John J. Wyche was at Midway in Franklin, 357

        357 P. 113.


Mrs. Frances Bowen was conducting a private school in Raleigh, 358

        358 P. 566.


and Daniel W. Kerr was in charge of Kerr's Select School in Raleigh. 359

        359 P. 561.


In 1832, John Y. Hicks was teaching in the Nashville Academy 360

        360 P. 267.


and Cowles M. Vaiden was at Woodville Academy in Wake. 361

        361 P. 567.


In 1833, Vaiden was conducting Vaiden's Seminary at Warrenton 362

        362 P. 632.


and Benjamin Sumner was beginning to teach at Arcadia Academy in Person. 363

        363 P. 331.


In 1835, William H. Owen was at the Leasburg Classical School in Caswell. 364

        364 P. 32.


In 1837, Daniel W. Kerr was teaching at Mt. Pleasant in Orange. 365

        365 P. 317.


In 1838, Alban Hart was teaching in the Shocco Classical Seminary. 366

        366 P. 632.


From 1830 to 1839, Peter Le Messurier taught his Classical and English school in Raleigh. 367

        367 P. 567.


In 1839, William B. Otis was conducting the Raleigh Classical School. 368

        368 P. 570.


From 1836 to 1839, John Y. Hicks was principal of the Hemdon Academy in Franklin. 369

        369 P. 116.


From 1834 to 1839, J. H. Perry, Robert S. Anderson, William C. Sutton, and William P. Forrest taught at various places in Granville. 370

        370 PP. 164-166.


        From 1830 to 1840 these records disclose a number of traveling teachers of special subjects. Nothing is said of these except what they said of themselves. Such teachers were A. McLaurin and D. Easton who taught writing schools in 1830, 371

        371 PP. 517-518.


A. D. Smith who claimed in 1831 to teach a new system of his own which made "bad writers to write an elegant hand in two or three days," 372

        372 P. 519.


M. Osborne who conducted a Sacred Music School in 1834, 373

        373 P. 529.


Mr. Tousey another writing teacher, 374

        374 P. 520.


and John H. De Carteret who taught the French language "agreeably to the Parisian pronunciation." 375

        375 P. 529.


        The last ten years of the period covered by these records marked the beginning of Anderson's Boarding School at Hillsboro, 376

        376 P. 312.


Berkeley's Literary and Scientific Institute at Raleigh in 1831, 377

        377 PP. 563-566.


Peach Tree Academy in 1834, 378

        378 P. 267.


Phillips' Female Boarding School at Chapel Hill in 1836, 379

        379 PP. 314-317.


Burwell's Female School at Hillsboro, 380

        380 PP. 320-322.


and the Caldwell Institute at Greensboro, both begun in 1837. 381

        381 P. 172.


The Caldwell Institute was the best known of these schools. Its first teachers were Rev. Alexander Wilson who had been educated in Ireland, S. C. Lindsley of Princeton, and John A. Gretter of the University of Virginia. The Burwells had a long and honorable career as teachers at Hillsboro and later on at Charlotte and Raleigh. In 1839 this school employed a native German to teach music. The school conducted by Professor
Page xxviii

Phillips and his wife in their home at Chapel Hill lasted only a few years. In 1836 they were assisted by "a lady from Mrs. Willard's Seminary at Troy."

        Then, as is now the case, many teachers taught only a short time at one place and moved on to new fields or out of the business. In 1830, "Mr. Barbour, a graduate of Washington College, Connecticut," was teaching what he called a select school in Raleigh. 382

        382 P. 561.


In 1831, William C. Clarke was teaching at Springfield in Caswell, 383

        383 P. 29.


William A. Walker was teaching at Williamston, and Mrs. Phillips, who "had eighteen years experience as a teacher at the North and in this State," was principal of the Wake Forest Female School. 384

        384 P. 533.


In 1833, Lemuel Murray was in charge of the Haywood Academy in Chatham. 385

        385 P. 48.


In 1837, William H. Hooper, a University man was teaching what he called Hooper's School in Chatham; 386

        386 P. 48.


M. R. Garrett was teaching at Stony Hill in Nash; 387

        387 P. 268.


Dr. William Flint was principal of Vine Hill Academy, and Miss Matilda B. Rowan of the female seminary at Schenectady, New York, was principal of the Scotland Neck Female Seminary, 388

        388 PP. 177, 183.


assisted by Miss Hanks who had "finished her education at Mrs. Willard's celebrated school." During the years 1837-8, Robert A. Ezzell was teaching at Jackson in Northampton County. His assistant was Miss Harriet A. Dellay, "who was recommended to the Trustees by Mrs. Emma Willard, of the distinguished Female Seminary at Troy, N. Y." 389

        389 PP. 275-278.


        In 1838, Charles Manly employed a graduate of the University to teach a private school for 15 pupils in Raleigh; 390

        390 P. 571.


Baxter Clegg, A.B., was then principal of Pleasant Hill Academy in Chatham; 391

        391 P. 48.


and Miss Louisa Mooar, "a Lady from the North," educated at Mrs. Willard's Seminary, was conducting a school in Northampton. 392

        392 P. 278.


        The year these records close, James P. Clarke began the Fairfield School and John R. Holt the Union Academy 393

        393 P. 323


in Orange County. Both these teachers prepared pupils for college. At the Goldsboro Academy, Rev. James Cowan, "a gentleman of the highest classical acquirements and of long and successful experience as a teacher" was beginning a successful school 394

        394 P. 635.


and Miss Eliza Rae "of Boston" was teaching with considerable success at Asheboro. 395

        395 P. 338.


        Course of Study.--These documents constantly refer to the useful and ornamental branches of knowledge. Drawing, music, painting, and needlework were generally regarded as the ornamental subjects. All other studies were regarded as useful. Geography, history, and hygiene as we now know those subjects were largely unknown in the schools of this period. It is true that geography and history were taught after a fashion, but they were usually taught in the high school grades. The geography was wholly place geography. The history was usually little more than chronology and memorizing history facts. There is no reference


Page xxix

in these documents to a book on health comparable to those of our times. Only one school offered a course in physiology.

        A study of these documents will show that but few people questioned the usefulness of Latin and Greek for boys. English on the formal side was paid great attention, but there was generally little teaching of the great literature of the mother tongue, especially in the elementary grades. The student will also be struck by the great number of subjects taught in the schools for girls, as well as those for boys. But the text-books of that day were not bulky, and memorizing the text was almost universal. Some details of what was attempted in some of the individual schools of this period will likely be worth while. The earliest reference to the course of study in these papers concerns Grove Academy in Duplin, 1787. It was said that the master of that school taught the Latin and the English grammar, and the Latin and the Greek language. Likely his assistant taught the more elementary subjects. 396

        396 P. 74.


In 1793, Rev. Thomas P. Irving, the principal of the New Bern Academy, had his school divided into three classes. In the first class were taught reading, writing, and arithmetic at 20 shillings a quarter, in the second class, mathematics in its various branches at 30 shillings a quarter; and, in the third class, the "dead languages" at 50 shillings a quarter. 397

        397 P. 50.


        In 1800, William Bingham taught reading, writing, arithmetic, English grammar, geography, mathematics, and the classics (Latin and Greek) at Pittsboro. 398

        398 P. 35.


In 1801, the same subjects with the addition of bookkeeping were taught in the Hillsboro Academy. 399

        399 P. 280.


In 1802, Hugh Shaw was teaching natural and moral philosophy and astronomy in the Caswell Academy, in addition to Latin, Greek, geography, arithmetic, reading and writing. 400

        400 P. 18.


In 1803, the boys' classes in the Fayetteville Academy were taught reading, spelling, cyphering, English grammar, geography, Latin Grammar, Nepos, Eutropius, Corderii, Cæsar, Sallust, Virgil, and Euclid. The girls' classes were taught spelling, reading, English grammar, geography, letter writing, copy writing, cyphering, marking, Dresden, Tambour, and embroidery. 401

        401 P. 62.


The next year there were boys' classes in Horace, in Webster's Spelling-book, and a spelling class using the dictionary, in addition to those mentioned the year before. 402

        402 P. 63.


In 1805, Hugh Shaw was teaching the same subjects in Hyco Academy. He referred to the "common rules of arithmetic" and to "the higher branches of arithmetic" as a part of the course of study. 403

        403 P. 23.


The Pittsboro Academy in 1805, still in charge of William Bingham, had added history, astronomy, and moral philosophy to the course since 1800. 404

        404 P. 37.


When Matthew Dickinson took charge of the academy at Louisburg in 1805, he advertised to teach belles-lettres, rhetoric, ethics, metaphysics, Hebrew, French, Italian, algebra, geometry, trigonometry, conic sections, surveying, natural philosophy, astronomy, navigation, mensuration, altimetry, longimetry, Latin, and Greek,
Page xxx

in addition to reading, writing, arithmetic, geography and English grammar. This is the most formidable array of subjects taught in any school of this period. Dickinson had one assistant. 405

        405 P. 84.


        In 1807 the Salisbury Academy examination showed that there were classes in Virgil's Eclogues, Nepos, Erasmus, Morse's and Guthrie's Geographies, reading and parsing, reciting English grammar, Assembly Catechism, Church Catechism, arithmetic, writing, and composition. 406

        406 P. 346.


In May, 1807, the girls of the Raleigh Academy were examined. There were five classes in spelling, four in reading, one class in reading Blair's Lectures, four classes in English grammar, two classes in geography, two classes in arithmetic, four classes in writing, and classes in sewing, tambour, cotton floss work, and alphabetical samplers. 407

        407 P. 400.


The most advanced class in arithmetic was studying simple division. The highest grammar class was parsing Blair's Lectures. There were boys' classes in philosophy and astronomy, Horace, Virgil, Cæsar, Selectae Veterii, Erasmus, Aesop's Fables, Corderii, Greek Testament; two classes in Latin grammar, one in geography, four classes in English grammar, two classes in arithmetic, one class in the English Reader (Murray's), one class in writing, and two in spelling. 408

        408 P. 399.


At the November examination there were additional boys' classes in logic, Euclid, natural and moral philosophy, astronomy, rhetoric, Selectae Profanis, Horace, and Cicero's Orations. There were additional girls' classes in astronomy, Murray's Dictionary, and Murray's Introduction to English Reading. 409

        409 PP. 400-406.


        In 1811, the girls of the Raleigh Academy, then in charge of Rev. William McPheeters, were classified as follows:

        1. Julian Class--Murray's Introduction to English Reading, spelling, writing, Dilworth's Arithmetic, including the rule of three.

        2. Cornelian Class--Murray's Reader, historical parts of the Old Testament, memorizing Murray's English Grammar, arithmetic through practice and interest, Dwight's Geography, etymological parsing.

        3. Decimore Class--Murray's Sequel, Cowper's Task, Morse's Geography, geographical cards, syntactical parsing in prose, remainder of arithmetic.

        4. Trophomore Class--Milton's Paradise Lost, Ossian's Poems, syntactical parsing in poetry, Murray's Exercises, English prosody, Blair's Lectures.

        5. Alphenor Class--Blair's Grammar of Natural and Experimental Philosophy, Blair's Chymical Grammar, Whelpley's Historical Compend, Goldsmith's History of Rome and History of England.

        6. Delphenor Class--Andrew's Logic, Paley's Moral Philosophy, and Paley's Natural Theology.

        It was set forth as part of this course that writing, spelling, and reading were common to all the classes; and that Latin, French, music, painting and needlework were elective. Upon the completion of the


Page xxxi

course "an Honorary Certificate and a Golden Medal with an elegant inscription" was awarded. 410

        410 P. 421.


This course is given here because it constitutes the most pretentious attempt during this period to systematize school instruction. It is evident that this course required some years of preparaion. Just how many years were embraced in the preparatory course is not stated, but evidently all the work outlined for the first class could not be done by a pupil below what we now call our fifth grade. This would make the Raleigh Academy for girls in 1811, so far as the length of its course is concerned, a school offering a course about the length of these present day schools which have seven elementary grades or years and four high school grades or years.

        The course in the Raleigh Academy for boys was never outlined by years. But it is evident that the course offered in 1811 possibly required more time and work to complete than is now required to complete our elementary and high school courses. The Latin course included grammar, Corderii, Cæsar, Ovid, Virgil, Odes of Horace, and Cicero. The Greek course embraced the grammar and Greek Testament. In mathematics, Euclid, Arithmetic, and surveying were required. In English, Grammar, parsing, and geography were taught. 411

        411 P. 425.


        In 1815 Andrew Rhea who had previously taught in the University was teaching at Williamsboro; 412

        412 P. 124.


and W. E. Webb, a graduate of the University was teaching in Halifax. 413

        413 P. 178.


Rhea's course in mathematics for boys consisted of Euclid, practical geometry, trigonometry, surveying, arithmetic, navigation, mensuration, and algebra. Webb's course in mathematics included arithmetic, Euclid, trigonometry, surveying, and mensuration. Both taught Latin and Greek. Mr. Webb taught French, general history and chronology. No mention of these three subjects was made by Mr. Rhea.

        In 1818, Robert L. Edmonds, who was then in charge of the Salisbury Academy, announced that he would "teach all the branches of English, Classical, Mathematical and Philosophical Literature which are taught in Universities, together with the French language, if required." 414

        414 P. 349.


Such advertisements seem not to have been regarded at that time as immodest. Mr. Edmonds was a college graduate and teacher of experience. He was not alone in making such extravagant claims. Even Miss Rachel Prendergast the same year claimed she would teach spelling, reading, writing, arithmetic, English grammar, needlework, drawing, painting, embroidery, geography, and scanning poetry 415

        415 P. 30.


in her school in Caswell. She was the only teacher of a school having beginners and pupils well advanced.

        What Mr. Edmonds meant by his announcement of 1818 appears in one of his 1819 advertisements. His course for boys was advertised to be Latin, Greek, Hebrew, French, prosody, history, geography, classical antiquities, elementary and practical mathematics, moral and natural philosophy, astronomy, reading, writing, arithmetic, the Italian method of bookkeeping, English grammar, composition, elocution, rhetoric,


Page xxxii

and belles-lettres. 416

        416 P. 350.


In June, 1820, the girls of the Salisbury Academy were publicly examined in six classes. The first and lowest class was examined on reading and spelling from the book words of two and three syllables. The second class was examined on spelling and reading in Murray's English Reader; the third class on reading English history, Willett's Geography of Asia, English grammar, parsing and false syntax; the fourth class on reading the history of America, parsing and false syntax, Cummings' Geography, elements of astronomy, and the Compend of Universal History; the fifth class on reading the history of America, rules of punctuation and versification, the geography of Europe, "questions on government, religion, and the most remarkable empires that have existed"; and the sixth class on reading the history of Greece, ancient geography, moral philosophy, Kames' Elements of Criticism and the use of the globes. There were classes in arithmetic, music, painting, embroidery and needlework composed of pupils belonging to the six classes. But all those subjects were elective. At this examination pieces of embroidery and shell work, card racks, pocket books, and work boxes were exhibited. 417

        417 PP. 353-355.


Thompson's Seasons and Cowper's Task seem to have been held in much favor as reading books in the Salisbury school for girls. 418

        418 P. 351.


The boys of the Salisbury Academy in 1820 were divided into seven classes. The first class studied and was examined on Webster's Spelling Book; the second, spelled for examination in Walker's Dictionary; the third, spelled in Walker's Dictionary and read in Murray's English Reader; the fourth, spelled in Walker's Dictionary and read the history of Rome; the fifth, parsed for examination in the history of Rome; the sixth was examined on Corderii, Erasmus, Selectae, Veterii; the seventh, on Cæsar, Virgil's Bucolics, and Virgil's Aeneid. 419

        419 PP. 355-356.


        In 1820, the small girls of the Wadesboro Academy spelled in one, two, three and four syllables from the spelling book on examination. Another class spelled in Walker's Dictionary. There were also classes examined in reading in the Looking Glass, Murray's English Reader, history of America, English grammar, geography, polite literature, rhetoric, logic, natural philosophy, French, penmanship, and needlework. 420

        420 P. PP. 4-6.


The smaller boys spelled in two, three and four syllables from Webster's Spelling Book; other boys spelled in Webster's and in Walker's Dictionary, read in the Looking Glass, the English Reader and in the history of America; others were examined on English grammar, parsing, Murray's Exercises, and geography; still others on Viri Romae, Virgil's Bucolics, Virgil's Aeneid, the Odes of Horace, Sallust, and the Iliad of Homer. There were public speaking and dramatics during the progress of the examination. 421

        421 PP. 6-9.


        In 1820, the Louisburg Academy had a public examination. There were nineteen classes of girls examined on reading, spelling, parsing, English grammar, geography, history of America, rhetoric, history of


Page xxxiii

Greece and Rome, chemistry and natural philosophy. Work in drawing, painting, penmanship and music was exhibited. 422

        422 P. 96.


        For many years the Salisbury Academy was one of the leading schools of the State. In 1821, Rev. J. O. Freeman was the principal of this school. He unblushingly printed his course of study, exhibiting the following bill of mental fare: Latin--Ruddiman's and Adams' grammars; Corderiae, Historiae Sacrae, Viri Romae, Cæsar, Ovid, Virgil, Cicero's Orations, Sallust, Horace, Mair's Introduction, and prosody. In Greek, he taught Valpley's or Wettenhall's grammar, Greek Testament, Graeca Minora, Graeca Majora, Xenophon, Homer, Neilson's Exercises, and prosody. In addition, he taught reading, writing, spelling, arithmetic, geography, natural and moral philosophy, rhetoric, logic, composition, and declamation. 423

        423 PP. 367-368.


Think of one man offering such a course of study in these modern times! But there were only two teachers in the girls' school at that time and these offered to teach reading, writing, spelling, English grammar, arithmetic, geography, composition, Whelpley's Compend of History, Blair's Rhetoric, natural philosophy, moral philosophy, astronomy, Andrews' Logic, chemistry, Euclid, algebra, and the languages if required. 424

        424 P. 368.


        The names of the text-books of this period are interesting. Possibly the examination of the boys of the Lincolnton Academy in 1822 gives one of the most interesting lists to be found in these papers. Those boys studied Webster's Spelling Book, the New Testament, the Columbian Orator, Walker's Dictionary, the Child's Catechism, the Shorter Catechism, Blair's Catechism, Pike's Arithmetic, Murray's English Grammar, Bonneycastle's Algebra, Hutton's Algebra, Blair's Lectures, Selectae Veterii, Virgil, Cicero, Cyropaedia, Latin Grammar, Greek Grammar, and Greek Testament. 425

        425 P. 198.


        When Jones and Andrews located their school at Oxford in 1822, they claimed to teach "the highest branches of science ever taught in female seminaries." 426

        426 P. 150.


The subjects they taught were grammar and parsing, belles-lettres, geography, chemistry, botany, natural philosophy, astronomy, Latin, Greek, music, dancing, drawing, painting, and "the rudiments." The next year the Raleigh Academy for girls introduced Latin and Greek. The "rudiments of Latin" and "committing Latin Grammar," and "Latin and Greek" was the way these subjects were put down in three classes mentioned as studying those languages. 427

        427 P. 468.


        In 1823, the New Bern Academy printed its rules and its course of study. These are elaborately set forth beginning at page 56 of these records. The studies for boys prepared for the sophomore class of the University of North Carolina. The subjects taught the boys in that school are interesting. The "English studies" were Murray's English Reader and Sequel, Goldsmith's England, Rome, and Greece, Murray's English Grammar and Exercises, Adams' or Cummings' Geography, Walsh's Arithmetic, Gibson's Surveying, Hutton's Mathematics, Simpson's Euclid, Natural Philosophy, Clark's or Ferguson's Astronomy, Adams'


Page xxxiv

Greek Antiquities, Blair's Lectures, Andrews' Logic, Paley's Moral Philosophy, composition, declamation; and reading, spelling, writing, English grammar, arithmetic, composition, and oratory in all classes. The Greek studies were Wettenhall's Grammar, St. John and the Acts, all of Graeca Minora, the first volume of Graeca Majora, Neilson's Exercises and prosody. The Latin studied embraced the Philadelphia Latin Grammar, Historia Sacra, Viri Romae, Mair's Introduction, seven books of Cæsar, Ovid, Virgil's Bucolics, and six books of the Aeneid, all the select orations of Cicero, Sallust's Cataline and Jugurtha, all of Horace, and prosody. This elaborate course was said to be successfully given. And there were but two teachers!

        The 1823 New Bern Academy course for girls is also interesting. For entrance to the lowest of the four girls' classes a pupil was required to be able to read distinctly and tolerably accurately in Murray's Sequel, to write a joining hand, large and fine, to know Murray's English Grammar by heart, to have completed Murray's Exercises and the simple rules of arithmetic. At the present time these requirements could all hardly be met by pupils of the seventh grade. The studies prescribed for the four classes were as follows:

        1. Murray's English Grammar, reading and parsing Cowper's Task, Cummings' Geography, Walsh's Arithmetic.

        2. Punctuation, English grammar, reading and parsing Thompson's Seasons, all of geography, arithmetic through practice, all of Whelpley's Ancient History, the use of the globes.

        3. English grammar, reading and parsing Milton, ancient geography, all of arithmetic, Whelpley's Modern History, conversations on natural philosophy to optics, Clark's Astronomy, and Blair's Lectures.

        4. Reading and parsing Young's Night Thoughts, astronomy and natural philosophy completed, Blair's Lectures completed, logic, Paley's Moral Philosophy, reviews.

        Electives: French, Euclid, chemistry; Goldsmith's Greece, Rome, and England; Paley's Natural Theology, Latin, and Greek.

        Reading Writing and instruction in "proper pronunciation" were common to all classes. Defining and composition were taught to all in the three higher classes. 428

        428 P. 57.


        In 1825, the Hillsboro Female Seminary under the management of Wm. M. Green printed an elaborate course of study for its four classes. This course was likely modeled after those found in the New York female schools of that time. The studies by classes were as follows:

        1. Reading, writing, spelling, arithmetic, English grammar, modern geography, elements of composition.

        2. Ancient, modern and sacred geography, map drawing, natural history and U. S. history.

        3. Algebra, Euclid, Tytler's History, rhetoric, elements of criticism, astronomy, chronology, natural philosophy.


Page xxxv

        4. Moral philosophy, evidences of Christianity, natural theology, chemistry, botany, mineralogy, and logic.

        Music, drawing and painting might be studied in any class. 429

        429 P. 300.


        Alexander Wilson was teaching at Williamsboro in 1825. He printed an outline of his course of study which provided for four classes, the lowest class beginning Latin. His assistant taught the English department. Wilson taught from 9 a. m. to 3 p. m. He gave one and a half hours a day to each of the four classes. Algebra, arithmetic, English grammar, and reading were taught on Fridays. The subjects taught to the four classes were divided as follows: 430

        430 P. 126.


        1. Latin Grammar, Viri Romae, Historia Sacra, Mair's Introduction.

        2. Cæsar, Valpley's Greek Grammar, Ovid, Latin prosody.

        3. Virgil, Graeca Minora, Modern geography, Greek Testament, English grammar, Roman antiquities.

        4. Sallust, Graeca Majora, Adams' Ancient Geography and Mythology, Cicero (7 orations), algebra, English grammar.

        In 1825, the Warrenton Academy used mnemonics to help the girls learn chronology. 431

        431 P. 621.


In 1827, the Oxford Academy for girls offered Latin, French, "philosophy of the mind," plain and ornamental penmanship, biography, and botany as a part of its course of study. 432

        432 P. 156.


In 1828, the Lincolnton Academy examination included "polite learning." 433

        433 P. 215.


In 1831, Goslin Bluff advertised his "Refined Female College" course to satirize the theories and practices of the day relative to the education of girls. 434

        434 P. 562.


In 1835, the Greenville Seminary for girls taught its first class the beginnings of reading, spelling, writing, and arithmetic. The fourth class was taught logic, composition, rhetoric, geography of the heavens, Euclid, and the like. This school taught calisthenics because some parents objected to having their children taught to dance. 435

        435 P. 335.


In 1835 the Kelvin School at Pittsboro advertised that ancient languages and mathematics would be taught girls when they were desired. 436

        436 P. 46.


The Scotland Neck Female Seminary the same year offered Latin as a part of its course of study. 437

        437 P. 183.


In 1838, the Salisbury Academy offered Latin as an extra study for girls. 438

        438 P. 381.


From 1836-39 Mrs. Phillips' Female Seminary at Chapel Hill offered Latin as a part of its course of study for girls. 439

        439 PP. 315-317.


In 1839, the La Valle Female Seminary advertised geometry, algebra, Arnott's Physics, and physiology as part of its course of study. 440

        440 P. 185.


From 1830 to 1840, these papers show a marked tendency to make the studies for girls similar to those for boys and to introduce such books as Olney's Geography, Parley's Geography, and Parley's U. S. History into the elementary classes for boys and girls.

        But educational practice makes slow progress even today. When the Caldwell Institute at Greensboro was established in 1837, the announcement was made that "the Ancient Classics, in connection with the pure and mixed Mathematics, forming it is believed, the only sure basis of solid learning, will occupy chiefly the attention of Students." 441

        441 P. 173.



Page xxxvi

        Those who wish to investigate further the course of study in the schools of this period will find much interesting material in these papers, especially the comparative table on pages 487-490, the course offered by the Episcopal School on page 542, and the Raleigh Academy course on page 502.

        Religious Instruction.--Nearly every school of this period claimed to pay much attention to the manners and morals of its pupils. The fifth rule of the Warrenton Academy of 1805 read: "It shall be earnestly recommended to the principal to cause the students to meet at the Academy at twelve o'clock on every Sunday, by the ringing of the bell, and to deliver to them a discourse upon some moral or religious subject. 442

        442 P. 579.


In 1807, some of the Salisbury Academy pupils were examined at the close of the school on the Assembly Cathechism and some on the Church Catechism. 443

        443 P. 347.


In 1813, Sampson's Beauties of the Bible was a text-book in the preparatory school of the Raleigh Academy. 444

        444 P. 440.


In 1818, the Hillsboro Academy required each scholar to be present at morning and evening worship, to attend recitations from the Scriptures on the Sabbath, and to observe the Lord's Day by refraining from study, riding, walking, visiting, and the like. Each pupil was required to attend public worship on Sunday. 445

        445 P. 282.


In 1818, Wayne Academy taught McDowell's Bible Questions as a part of the school course. 446

        446 P. 635.


        In 1821, the larger pupils of the Raleigh Academy were generally examined on Bible Questions. 447

        447 P. 459.


The next year a class of boys on examination recited the Assembly Catechism, 448

        448 P. 462.


and classes of girls were examined on the Westminster Catechism, the Methodist Catechism, Bible Questions and Scripture History.[ 449]

        449 PP. 464-466.


In June, 1824, each class of girls in the Raleigh Academy was examined on Bible Questions. 450

        450 PP. 473-476.


In 1831, James Grant said that he would inculcate the truths and the morality of the Christian religion, yet he would keep in mind that the Raleigh Academy was a literary and not a theological school. 451

        451 P. 497.


        In 1822, Bible Questions were a part of the examination held at the close of the Charlotte Female Academy. 452

        452 P. 230.


The same year classes of boys in the Lincolnton Academy were examined on the Child's Catechism, the Shorter Catechism, and Blair's Catechism at the close of the school. 453

        453 P. 198.


In 1827, classes of girls in this school were examined on the catechism. 454

        454 P. 209.


In 1822, Garden's Lancaster School in Iredell announced that it would teach "the fear of the Lord, veneration for His holy word--for the ordinances of the Lord's house and a due observance of the Lord's Day." 455

        455 P. 189.


In 1823, the Catawba School in Lincoln examined some of its pupils on the Child's Catechism and others on the Shorter Catechism as a part of its closing exercises. 456

        456 P. 224.


In 1824, the management of the Morganton Academy announced that it would guard its pupils against vulgar and degrading amusements and that the school had for its object the intellectual and religious improvement of its pupils. 457

        457 P. 16.


In 1828, the Chapman's Classical School in Iredell advertised
Page xxxvii

that "particular attention will be paid to the morals of youth, and the whole course conducted in the fear of God and with reference to the virtue of the Gospel." 458

        458 P. 191.


In 1834, the pupils of the Episcopal School at Raleigh were required to attend the services of the Episcopal Church twice on Sunday and to study the Bible, the catechism, and ethics as a part of the regular school course. 459

        459 P. 542.


        Caldwell Institute at Greensboro was established in 1837. The first advertisement of the school declared that "the Bible will occupy its proper place, and the paramount claims of a Christian Education will be duly and fully recognized." 460

        460 P. 173.


And, it was added, that all students would be required to attend public worship on Sunday and to spend a part of each Sunday afternoon in the recitation of portions of the Bible and the Westminster Catechism. In 1837, John Y. Hicks, of the Hemdon Academy in Franklin, assured the patrons of his school that his pupils would not be permitted to run about the country on Sunday or be out at nights; that Bible Questions would be recited as a Sunday exercise, but that sectarian and bigoted discussions would be avoided. 461

        461 P. 118.


        In 1839, the trustees of Oxford Academy advertised that "the serious perusal of the Bible forms a part of the daily exercises of this academy." It was also said that "Mr. Robertson acknowledges no system of morals or of academical government, that is not founded on the plain teaching of Scripture, as commonly understood by all good men." 462

        462 P. 149.


The Mr. Robertson referred to was D. F. Robertson, the principal of the School.

        Methods of Teaching.--These papers show that twice each year it was the custom of nearly every school to hold a public oral examination of its pupils, to which parents and friends were invited. These examinations were sometimes conducted by the teachers, but more frequently by the trustees and other persons not directly concerned with the work of teaching. It is easy to see how this custom led to placing the emphasis of teaching upon the formal and the memorizing of facts.

        In 1807, Rev. John Brown assured the patrons of the Salisbury Academy that "particular attention will be paid to the grammatical construction of the English Language, to reading and spelling it correctly, and to writing a fair hand." 463

        463 P. 346.


At the examination of his pupils that year, the girls "furnished the Trustees with specimens of their writing and composition in the form of letters." 464

        464 P. 348.


In 1808, the trustees of the Raleigh Academy refused to print the usual report of the examination, "for various reasons, but more especially from the difficulty which they have heretofore experienced in fixing the honors of the different classes, so as to do exact justice to every student." 465

        465 P. 411.


But the trustees soon returned to the prevailing custom.

        Many of the schools of this period experienced much trouble due to their pupils contracting debts without the knowledge of their parents. In 1808 the Raleigh Academy trustees made rules against this practice.


Page xxxviii

Pupils were forbidden to contract any debt without the consent of their parents and merchants were warned that debts contracted without the consent of parents would not be paid. The utmost plainness of dress was also recommended and the approbation of the trustees was given to homespun and the products of home manufacture. 466

        466 P. 413.


In 1812, the trustees repeated their rule about going in debt and added one making parents liable to pay board for the term in cases where their sons or wards left their boarding places during the term. 467

        467 P. 435.


In 1834, the Episcopal School committee made a rule that any debt contracted by a pupil without the consent of the rector would not be paid, and that, if such debt were paid by the student's parent, the student would be dismissed from the school. 468

        468 P. 539.


        There are few references in these papers to the teaching of literature as now carried on in our schools. One such reference is possibly worthy of note. In 1810, it was said that Mordecai's School at Warrenton paid much attention to literature. "The beauties of such authors as Addison and Pope are unfolded to the pupils in so interesting a manner that the taste is generally chastened and refined to the standard of classical purity." 469

        469 P. 597.


It was the custom to have the compositions of the young girls of this school read to the audience at the end of the term by some visitor. 470

        470 P. 600.


This seems to have been a part of the etiquette of other schools as well as this one.

        These documents give us glimpses of other school methods which would provoke a smile if practiced now. For example, in 1812, one of the assistant teachers solemnly printed an "Academy Summons" in the Raleigh Register, commanding two runaway boys of the Raleigh Academy to return to school. These boys had left town some days before. 471

        471 P. 436.


In 1820, Rev. John Mushat advertised that he would examine the tavern accounts of the pupils of the Statesville Academy, also that he would examine into the conduct of his pupils in their boarding houses once each month. 472

        472 P. 188.


In 1823, Dr. McPheeters notified the pupils of the Raleigh Academy that they must not ride any "ponies" in preparing their Latin and Greek lessons. 473

        473 P. 469.


In 1834, some of the boys of the Raleigh Academy delivered speeches in Latin and Greek at the closing of that school. 474

        474 P. 501.


        Evidently it was often the custom of these times to memorize the rules of the arithmetic and English grammar. An account of the examination of the Charlotte Female Academy in 1822 said that "some who began to memorize grammar since the commencement of the session, parsed blank verse with uncommon ease and propriety." 475

        475 P. 230.


In 1827, a class in the Lincolnton Academy was examined on "memorizing English Grammar" and another class was examined on "Reciting the Rules of Arithmetic." 476

        476 PP. 212-213.


        In many of the schools of this period, Saturday morning was spent in reciting. English grammar, in parsing, reading, and declamation. This was notably true of the Catawba School. 477

        477 P. 224.


There is only one
Page xxxix

protest in these papers against corporal punishment. Anthony G. Glynn in advertising the Raleigh Athenaeum said he would never resort to that method. But Charles A. Hill announced that after advice and admonition unheeded he would use the rod with parental prudence. 478

        478 P. 111.


        A casual glance at these documents will disclose the great attention paid to Latin and Greek prosody during this period. Even scanning English poetry was often thought important enough to be regarded as a separate subject of study. J. O. Freeman announced in 1823 that he followed the Port Royalists in his methods of teaching Latin and Greek. 479

        479 P. 370.


The same year Dr. McPheeters advertised that he would devote much attention to the rules of prosody in teaching Latin and Greek in the Raleigh Academy, enough attention to render his pupils able to scan hexameter verse with ease. 480

        480 P. 469.


This emphasis upon the formal side of Latin and Greek teaching drew from Judge A. D. Murphey a sharp criticism in 1827, in which he contended that too much time was being spent on the syntax and the etymology of these languages. 481

        481 P. 723.


        Attention has already been directed to the great number of subjects taught in the schools of this period. It would be strange if no one had raised his voice against this evil. In 1831, the Raleigh Register said that Berkeley's School at Raleigh used few books and imparted knowledge by oral methods. 482

        482 P. 565.


William Hooper in his "Defects of the Primary Schools" said that pupils are often hurried through their books by teachers who have had little training for teaching, with the result that many students come to college greatly deficient in spelling, writing, English and the amount of knowledge necessary to carry on their college courses. 483

        483 P. 731.


In 1835, the principal of the Northampton Academy lamented the practice of hurrying primary pupils through their books. 484

        484 P. 275.


And William Hooper said that four years were not more than enough to prepare a boy for college after he began the study of Latin. 485

        485 PP. 731-750.


This view of the matter was also taken by William J. Bingham. 486

        486 P. 292.


        These documents often refer to practical studies, useful studies, and the like. Keeping accounts, writing conveyances and other common business instruments, common everyday arithmetic and the like seem to have had considerable special attention in the Raleigh Academy in 1834. 487

        487 P. 502.


The work done by Johnson and Haywood in the Raleigh school appears to be the nearest approach revealed by these documents to our modern high school business courses. I have already called attention to the fact that the geography taught in the schools of this period consisted largely of memorizing names of places. There are many evidences to substantiate this opinion. At the examination of the pupils of the Episcopal School in 1834, "questions were asked rapidly, passing from one section of the Globe to the other." 488

        488 P. 544.


This was the plan pursued in the Salisbury and in the Raleigh Academies and in many of the other schools of the day.

        There are only two references in these papers to the blackboard and


Page xl

work on the blackboard. The first is to the use of the blackboard in the Raleigh Academy in 1835, when a visitor admired the facility with which ten to twelve year old boys solved problems in interest and the rule of three on the blackboard. 489

        489 P. 510.


The other reference is to the fault found with Miss Rae at Asheboro because she did not use the blackboard in teaching arithmetic. 490

        490 PP. 339-340.


If a small school like Asheboro had blackboards in 1839, it is more than likely that blackboards were in common use in the schools of this state before 1840.

        Primary teachers of this day think they have done well when they are able to teach their pupils to read in four months. A visitor to Miss Rae's school at Asheboro in 1839 said that "the first class she examined consisted of some small ones who had commenced four months ago in the Alphabet. They could read and read correctly. They spoke loud, pronounced each word with distinctness, and after they had concluded the reading of their lesson, the tutoress gave out to them some of the most difficult words in the lesson, and they spelled them correctly giving a distinct articulation to each letter and syllable." 491

        491 P. 339.


From what this visitor said about the arithmetic teaching of Miss Rae, it is evident that she was a good teacher of that subject, because she took care that her pupils understood the reason underlying each operation and also that the oral work always preceded the written work in her classes. 492

        492 P. 340.


        Lancaster Schools.--The first attempt to establish a Lancaster school in this State was likely made at Fayetteville. The trustees of the Fayetteville Academy announced on January 6, 1814, that their preparatory or elementary school would hereafter be conducted "on this improved plan." 493

        493 P. 69.


The same year Governor Stone, at the Falls of the Neuse in Wake County, opened a Lancaster school in charge of James Boyle who was trained at Georgetown, D. C. Children who were unable to pay tuition were admitted free. Mr. Boyle also offered to train Lancaster teachers. He remained in Wake two years. 494

        494 PP. 512-513.


        During the year 1814 the trustees of the Raleigh Academy announced that the Lancaster plan would be introduced into the preparatory department of the Raleigh Academy. Two hundred dollars were raised by private donations to send Rev. John Evans to Georgetown to learn the Lancaster system. 495

        495 PP. 441-443.


The Raleigh Register of Friday, February 10, 1815, announced the opening of the Lancaster school at Raleigh on the following Monday and also said that it would be free to poor children. 496

        496 P. 443.


On June 16, 1815, the Raleigh Star said that "though this school has had an existence of a few months only, the trustees find that children, who before they entered it, did not know a letter in the book, can read, write, have some knowledge of figures, and can repeat by heart a number of moral verses. Some, indeed, have obtained a considerable knowledge of English Grammar and Geography." 497

        497 P. 445.


In November, 1815, this school had "upwards of 100 scholars," and at the closing
Page xli

examination a "Lancastrian pupil was examined in Geography, astronomy, arithmetic and some problems in Geometry and was highly approved." 498 There is no further mention of the school after 1815.

        498 P. 446.


        In 1822, Peter Ulrick was teaching a Lancaster school at Sprattsville, six miles from Charlotte. He trained Lancaster teachers. 499

        499 P. 240.


This school was evidently in operation earlier than 1822, for Alexander Garden, who had been a pupil of Ulrick, was conducting a Lancaster school at Centre Church in Iredell in 1822. Garden advertised that he learned the Lancaster system from Ulrick who was taught by Edward Baker in Philadelphia. Baker was taught by Joseph Lancaster in England. 500

        500 PP. 188-190.


        When the trustees of the New Bern Academy issued their rules and course of study in printed form in 1823, they announced that tuition in the Lancastrian department would be two and a half dollars a quarter. 501

        501 P. 59.


        Closing School.--It was the custom during this period to have two public examinations a year, usually in June and November. A vacation followed each of these examinations. One of the 1794 examinations of the pupils of the New Bern Academy, for example, ended on July 4th. It was attended by "a brilliant assemblage of ladies and gentlemen." There were oral examinations in Latin, Greek, mathematics, and logic during the first day. There was a theatrical exhibition in the evening, preceded by a salutatory address on American Independence by a pupil. There were also several orations by other pupils. Humorous dialogues were acted and extracts from various comedies presented. The valedictory address was made by William Gaston, on the rising glory of America. The exercises were closed by an address on the advantages of science, delivered by the principal of the Academy, Mr. Irving. 502

        502 P. 51.


        In 1800, one of the examinations of the Fayetteville Academy lasted three days. On two nights there were theatrical performances by the young men of the academy and $100 were raised for the benefit of poor children. 503

        503 P. 60.


On July 4, 1803, the Caswell Academy closed a half year's work with public oral examinations. There was public speaking by the pupils which met "with approbation and applause." 504

        504 P. 19.


The same year the trustees, teachers and pupils of the Wadesboro Academy closed their school with a Fourth of July celebration which consisted of an oration, a parade, and a dinner. 505

        505 P. 2.


On the Fourth of July, 1805, the Franklin Academy at Louisburg had a two days' school closing. The examinations were held the first day. The second day the pupils delivered orations and presented dialogues. On the evening of the second day there was a play given for the benefit of the academy. 506

        506 P. 85.


A special feature of the closing of the Raleigh Academy in November, 1807, was the presentation of a number of compositions. The subjects of the boys' essays were Slavery, An Address to Students, Eloquence, Improvement of
Page xlii

Time, Address to Youth, Study of the Dead Languages, and the Christian Religion. The girls wrote about Astronomy, Friendship, Benevolence, Fashionable Amusements, Education, Religion, and Flattery. One of the boys delivered a valedictory oration. 507

        507 P. 406.


        At one of the semi-annual closings of the Raleigh Academy in 1808, seventy boys and forty girls were examined on their studies. There was an exhibition of the embroidery and needlework of the girls. One afternoon was devoted to orations by the boys. The examination was closed by an address by one of the trustees and on the last night a play was given for the benefit of the academy. 508

        508 P. 412.


The closing exercises of this school in June, 1812, occupied four days. The Raleigh Register said that "on four of the evenings orations were delivered by the older Students and most of the younger Boys delivered Speeches in the course of the Examination--so that, in the whole, upwards of sixty orations were delivered." 509

        509 P. 434.


        In 1820 Jones and Andrews' School at Warrenton announced that there would be lectures on chemistry delivered on the evenings of the first and second days of the examination. 510

        510 P. 614.


The same year an account of the closing of the Salisbury Academy said that "there were produced various elegant and tasteful specimens of Drawing, Painting, Embroidery, Fancy and Needle Work; and a variety of pleasing exhibitions upon the Piano Forte." 511

        511 P. 351.


In 1825, the Oxford Academy had a ball for the visitors as a part of its closing exercises. 512

        512 P. 154.


In 1827, this Academy had a musical exhibition. In 1834, the Raleigh Academy offered a medal for the best orator and the contest was held during the examination. 513

        513 P. 501.


        The Salisbury and the Raleigh Academy pupils usually had a May Day Fete each year. In 1821, Bishop Moore attended the Raleigh celebration. There was music by an amateur band, and refreshments were served. 514

        514 P. 458.


In 1827, the Raleigh pupils celebrated the day by crowning one of their number queen, refreshments were served and music was rendered. 515

        515 P. 485.


In 1839, the Salisbury Academy pupils celebrated May Day in the presence of a large crowd. One of the pupils was crowned queen and an address to the queen followed. There was music, and candies and fruits were served. 516

        516 P. 382.


        Military Schools.--When the University was opened in 1795, William R. Davie advocated introducing military training as a part of the course of study. There seems to have been considerable sentiment at that time and later for the introduction of military training in the schools. When this country was entering upon its second war with England in 1809, the pupils of the Raleigh Academy organized a military company, led by one of their teachers. On one occasion during the year this company paraded on the State House Square and was presented with "a stand of colors," painted by the young ladies of the


Page xliii

academy. The silk flag was decorated with the American coat of arms The inscription on the flag was "Virtue, Liberty, and Science." 517

        517P. 416.


        In 1810, the Raleigh Star said that Archibald Murphy had recently conducted schools for the training of militia officers in Stokes and adjoining counties and had made $1,500 a year for his services. The Star also said that a man named Wren who had conducted such schools in Northampton had also been liberally compensated for such services. 518

        518 P. 242.


In 1812, Murphy advertised schools to teach the military discipline of the U. S. Army at Hillsboro, Chapel Hill, Raleigh, Louisburg, and Warrenton; and in Granville, Chatham, and Rockingham counties. 519

        519 P. 243.


        In 1813, Simon Bruton, of Lenoir County, was president of a society to promote military knowledge. It was intended by this society to establish a school near Kinston to teach literature and military tactics. 520

        520 P. 243.


The school was never established.

        The next serious attempt to establish a military school was made by D. H. Bingham, a graduate of the Partridge Military School in Connecticut. On August 25, 1826, Bingham announced that he would establish his Southern Military School at Williamsboro, in Granville County. 521

        521 P. 244.


For a short time the school was conducted at Williamsboro. In October, 1829, Bingham announced that the Roanoke Literary and Scientific Institution had been moved to Oxford. 522

        522 P. 249.


For a short time previous to his removal to Oxford Bingham had located his school at Littleton and advertised an imposing course of study. 523

        523 P. 247.


In December, 1830, 20 cadets of Bingham's School and 40 belonging to a similar school at Fayetteville visited Raleigh. 524

        524 P. 253.


The next year, June 1831, Bingham moved his school from Oxford to Raleigh, 525 where it finally died in less than two years.

        525 P. 259.


        The extravagant advertisements of the Fayetteville and the Oxford military schools soon attracted severe criticism. A writer who signed himself Gasca said that these schools had no endowment, no adequate buildings, no libraries, and few or no experienced teachers. 526

        526 P. 257.


        From 1833 to 1836, Carter Jones conducted schools at Raleigh, Wilmington and other places similar to those formerly conducted by Murphy, 527

        527 P. 261.


but apparently with much less financial success.

        Lotteries for the Benefit of Schools.--An act of the Assembly of 1797 provided that the Pittsboro Academy might raise $700 by means of lottery. 528

        528 P. 34.


In 1810, the lottery which was begun in the interest of Newton Academy in Buncombe was advertised to have failed for lack of patronage. It had been intended to raise $7,000 to complete the building of this school and to establish a female academy. 529

        529 P. 14.


In 1810, Hyco Academy resorted to a lottery to raise funds for building. The trustees said in defense of the lottery that they were "conscious of the ill success in a direct application to the generosity of the public." 530

        530 P. 23.


Other schools which resorted to lotteries were the Germanton Academy in 1811, 531

        531 P. 387.



Page xliv

Oxford Academy in 1813 and in 1825, 532

        532 PP. 132-136.


the Smithfield Academy in 1820, 533

        533 P. 193.


and the Salisbury Academy in 1834. 534

        534 P. 371.


        Salaries of Teachers.--There is little in these papers which shows the salaries paid teachers during this period. Matthew Dickinson received $1,000 for his first year's work at Louisburg, and $1,200 to $1,500 for the other years he taught there. Mayhew, his assistant, received $300 a year. 535

        535 P. 89.


Evidently a number of the other teachers received as much. In 1826, Dr. McPheeters was paid $800 and had a house and garden rent free. In addition he was paid a salary as pastor of the Raleigh Presbyterian church. 536

        536 P. 483.


Miss Mariah Allen was paid $500 a year, in 1826, as principal of the female academy at Lincolnton. 537

        537 P. 206.


Dr. Battle says that David Ker was paid $400 salary as principal of the Fayetteville Academy in 1794, and $400 more as pastor of the Presbyterian church of the town. The same authority says that J. O. Freeman was paid $600 a year as principal of the Edenton Academy and $400 more for his services as pastor of one of the churches of the town.

        Law Schools.--The first law school in this state seems to have been conducted by Judge John L. Taylor at Raleigh in 1822. Judge Taylor aimed to enable young men to gain a scientific knowledge of law, so that they would not be forced to leave the State to get their legal education. 538

        538 P. 531.


From 1826-28, Judge Leonard Henderson conducted a law school at Williamsboro. 539

        539 P. 162.


In 1829, Richard T. Brumby advertised he would receive law students at Buffalo Shoal in Lincoln County. 540

        540 P. 237.


The Raleigh Star of December 16, 1831, contained this brief notice: "A. D. Murphy having settled himself in Hillsboro, will receive a few Law Students." 541

        541 P. 314.


        The Beginnings of the Colleges.--In 1820 a movement was begun looking to the establishment of a university in western North Carolina. It was claimed that many parents could not send their sons to distant schools, that the university needed a rival, that another school would enable more young men in the ordinary walks of life to receive a college education, that the interests of religion and morality demanded a new college, and that a new college was necessary because the school then at Chapel Hill would soon become too large to maintain good order. 542

        542 PP. 641-652.


In 1821, Rev. James McRee said that the object of the promoters of a western college was "to establish in the western part of the State of North Carolina a public Seminary of Learning, to prepare young men, by the knowledge and influence of the Christian religion, with the aid of sound science, to act with honor and advantage in those public departments of life which the church, the State, and the condition of mankind now do, and will in the future require." 543

        543 P. 657.


At another place in his address from which the above is quoted McRee said that "the great object of our Seminary" was to educate ministers of the gospel. 544

        544 P. 661.



Page xlv

        The plan to establish this college failed in 1823. A writer in the Western Carolinian explained the failure thus: "It was estimated that Mecklenburg had subscribed $30,000, Burke 20 or 21,000, Lincoln 4 or 5,000, Cabarrus and Iredell 4 or 5,000, etc. But the subscriptions were unfortunately taken in such a manner, that when the college was located at Lincolnton, the trustees could not claim more than 12 or 15,000." 545

        545 P. 674.


During 1824, several efforts were made to revive interest in the establishment of this College, 546

        546 PP. 686-689.


but they failed. Finally in the spring of 1835, the Concord Presbytery undertook to establish a Manual Labor Seminary in Mecklenburg County, out of which grew the Davidson College of a later date. 547

        547 P. 690.


With the establishment of Davidson the dreams of those who had advocated Western College came true.

        About 1830 the Fellenberg idea of manual labor schools had found considerable favor in this State. The Baptists wanted a college to educate ministers. Both ideas were combined by John Armstrong and other leaders of that denomination. Hence the first statement setting forth the object in establishing Wake Forest Institute said: "The object of the Institute is to enable young ministers to obtain an education on moderate terms, and to train up youth in general to a knowledge of Science and practical Agriculture." 548

        548 P. 794.


These papers also give some vivid pictures of the student life of Wake Forest Institute from 1832 to 1835, 549

        549 PP. 694-713.


while the attempt to realize the dual purpose of its founding was in its infancy.

        Such in brief are some of the matters contained in these papers. I have not tried to call attention to everything of historical interest, but only to those phases of our educational history which stand out in greatest prominence in the pages which follow.

WILSON, N. C., MAY, 1915.

CHARLES L. COON.


Page xlvii

CONTENTS


Page 1

ANSON COUNTY SCHOOLS

WADESBORO ACADEMY, 1791.

An Act to establish a seminary of learning in Wadesborough in Anson County.

        WHEREAS, the establishing a seminary of learning in the twon of Wadesborough in the said county, for the education of youth, will be attended with great productions to the state in general and the county of Anson in particular:

        1. Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly of North Carolina and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That the Hon. Samuel Spencer, Esq., John Auld, Holden Wade, James Pickett, Pattrick Boggan, William Johnston, Burwell Lanier, James Marshall, William Pegues, Calvin Spencer, Morgan Brown, jun. and William Thomas, be and they are hereby constituted and appointed Trustees, with full power and authority to receive all donations, gifts or gratuities into their hands and possession and money and other property which may be subscribed for erecting and supporting the said seminary of learning in the county of Anson, by the name of Stokes; and the said Trustees and their successors shall be able and capable in law, to ask for, demand, recover, receive and possess of the several subscribers all sums by them respectively subscribed, and in case of refusal of any of them to pay the same, to sue for and recover by action of debt or otherwise, in the name of the Trustees, the sum which such person so refusing shall have subscribed, in any jurisdiction having cognizance thereof; and the monies then collected and received to be applied by the said Trustees, or a majority of them, toward defraying the expence of employing a Tutor or Tutors and building a house for that purpose in said town and to perform every act or thing which they or a majority of them shall think necessary and expedient for the advancement of said seminary and the promotion of learning therein.

        --Chapter XXXII, Laws 1791.

An Act to establish an academy in the town of Wadesborough, in Anson County.

        WHEREAS, the establishing public seminaries of learning for the education of youth, is highly beneficial to the morals, happiness, and prosperity of the community, and consequently well worthy legislative attention,

        Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That James Marshall, Robert Troy, James Goodrich, Joseph Ingram, senior, James Douglas, Joshua Prout, William Lanier, Toddy Robinson, Pleasant May, John Jinnings, Esquires, the Reverend William Taylor, the Reverend John Culpepper, and the Reverend Daniel Gould, shall be and


Page 2

they are hereby declared to be a body politic and corporate, to be known and distinguished by the name of The Trustees of the Wadesborough Academy; and by that name shall have perpetual succession and a common seal: And that the said Trustees and their successors by the name aforesaid, or a majority of them, shall be able and capable in law, to take, demand, receive, and possess all monies goods and chattels, that shall be given for the use of the said Academy and the same apply according to the will of the donors; and by gift, purchase or devise, to take, receive, possess and enjoy to them and their successors forever, any lands, tenements, and hereditaments of what kind or nature soever in special trust and confidence, that the same or the profits thereof, be applied to and for the use and purpose of establishing and endowing the said Academy.

        --Chapter XXV, Laws 1802.

SCHOOL OPENED 1803.

THE TRUSTEES
OF THE
WADESBOROUGH ACADEMY

        Inform the Public, That the said Academy is now opened for the Reception of Students on the following Terms, viz.

        Reading, Writing and Arithmetic, eight Dollars per Scholar; English Grammar, Geography, and the lower Branches of the Mathematics, twelve Dollars; the Latin and Greek Languages, fifteen Dollars. Genteel Board may be had at fifty-two Dollars per Year.

        The Trustees having employed the Rev. John Brown as their President, and Mr. David Dunlap as Assistant, flatter themselves, from the Respectability of their Characters, the Healthiness of the Situation, and the low Price of Board and Tuition, that they shall acquire a large Number of Students, and that their Infant Institution will meet the Patronage of every Friend of Learning and Virtue.

        On Behalf of the Board of Trustees,

        JOSHUA PROUT, Sec.

        April 26.

        --Raleigh Register, May 9, 1803.

FOURTH OF JULY CELEBRATION.

        The Trustees of the Wadesborough Academy, impressed with a due sense of the importance of that Liberty and Independence they have so long and happily enjoyed, in tribute of gratitude to the Supreme Disposer of Nations for the same, together with those noble patriots who fought and bled to purchase it, as a means to impress on the minds of the Rising Generation the necessity of preserving those inestimable blessings, concluded to spend the 4th of July in the following manner:

        The Students of the Academy assembled in the lower part of the town; about 12 o'clock, they were waited upon by the Trustees and Tutors and having arranged themselves in proper order, the Trustees in front, the


Page 3

Tutors next, and the Scholars in gradual proportion of size behind, marched to the Courthouse, where the business of the day was opened by the Rev. John Brown, by prayer. An oration was then delivered by Robt. Troy, Esq. on the subject of our independence, and the happiness arising from the liberties we enjoy.

        We then marched in the same order, attended by Capt. Robert Jarman's cavalry in the rear, to the Academy, where the exercise was introduced by singing a few tunes, with their respective parts, accompanied with drumming, until our Cavalry alighted, and the Audience were seated. Our Students then exhibited their orations, which were such as the solemnity of the day demanded. Politics were introduced with great applause, and we are happy to say, that the young gentlemen who performed did honor to themselves and the institution. This being over we were escorted by the cavalry to the Court-House, where the Students were dismissed; and we are happy to inform the Public, that our infant Institution exceeds our most sanguine expectations, our number having increased from 20 to 71. A Public dinner was prepared under a handsome shade of trees, where the Trustees and Capt. Jarman's Cavalry, with a number of citizens who favored us with their company, dined together, and spent the remainder of the day in innocent mirth and festivity.

        By Order of the Board.

        JOSHUA PROUT, Secretary.

        --Raleigh Register, August 1, 1803.

MR. AND MRS. EDMONDS IN CHARGE.

        The Trustees of the Wadesborough Academy feel pleasure in announcing to the public, that they have engaged Robert L. Edmonds, A.M. to superintend their Seminary for the ensuing year. * * *

        The Trustees have also made an engagement with Mrs. Julia F. Edmonds, to take charge of the Female Department. * * *

        Wadesboro, N. C., Nov'r 23, 1819.

        W. F. SMITH.

        --Raleigh Register, December 17, 1819.

MR. MASON ASSISTANT.

(ANSON) MALE AND FEMALE ACADEMY.

        The Exercises will recommence on the 1st Monday in July next. Mr. Timothy Mason, a Gentleman highly recommended for his literary qualifications and morality has been engaged as an Assistant. * * *

        Every exertion will be used to engage a Lady qualified to assist in the Ornamental Branches, previous to the reopening of the School.

        By order of the Board,

        Wadesborough, May 13.

        W. F. SMITH, Sec'y.

        --Raleigh Register, May 26, 1820.


Page 4

EXAMINATION OF PUPILS, 1820.

WADESBOROUGH ACADEMIES.

        Report of the Committee of Examination, Wadesboro, June 23, 1820.

        The Committee appointed to superintend the examination of the students in both departments of the Wadesborough Academies, having impartially performed their duty, beg leave to remark, that from the youth and inexperience of many of the students, and from their dispositions, they find a difficult and delicate task in awarding distinctions, particularly where all have made rapid progress, and exhibited such accurate knowledge in the various branches of their studies. And they have no doubt that, from the degree of diffidence manifested by many of the students, they have been unable to notice some of those who deserved distinctions in their different classes.

REPORT.

        1st Class--Spelling in two syllables--Carolina Billingsley, approved.

        2d Class--Spelling in two, three, and four syllables--Mary Jane Dismukes, Oen Dejarnatt, Sarah Watson. M. J. Dismukes is considered best, Oen Dejarnatt next, and Sarah Watson much approved.

Spelling in Walker's Dictionary.

        1st Class--Consisting of Glorvina Pickett, Frances Pickett, Mary Ellerbee, Elizabeth Carr, Jane Little, Elizabeth R. May. Glorvina Pickett and Frances Pickett equal and best: Mary Ellerbee second; the others well approved.

        2d Class--Consisting of Mary Cash, Elizabeth H. Slaughter, Eliza Ann Dismukes, Mary Sylvester, Frances Pickett, Laura A. Forniss, Mary Pegues, Louisa Boggan, Susan Pickett, Eleanor Pickett, Martha Carr, Sarah Lawrence, Martha Coleman, Rachel Coleman, Margaret Edmonds, Eliza Lawrence. Mary Cash is considered best; Elizabeth H. Slaughter, Eliza A. Dismukes, Mary Sylvester, Frances Pickett, Laura Forniss, Mary Pegues, Louisa Boggan, Susan Pickett, Eleanor Pickett, Martha Carr, Sarah Lawrence, second and equal; the others approved.

Reading.

        1st Class--Frances Pickett, Mary Ellerbee, Glorvina Pickett, Elizabeth Carr, Elizabeth R. May, and Jane Little, were examined on reading in Looking-Glass. Frances Pickett is considered best; Glorvina Pickett and Mary Ellerbee equal and next; the others approved.

        2d Class--Elizabeth H. Slaughter, Eliza Ann Dismukes, Laura A. Forniss, Mary Sylvester, Mary Pegues, Susan Pickett, Sarah Lawrence, Fanny Pickett, Margaret Edmond, Eleanor Pickett, Louisa Boggan, Martha Coleman, Martha Carr, Eliza Lawrence, were examined on reading in the English Reader. In this class Laura A. Forniss is entitled to the first honor; Elizabeth H. Slaughter, Eliza A. Dismukes, Mary Sylvester,


Page 5

Fanny Pickett, Margaret Edmond, Eleanor Pickett, Louisa Boggan, Martha Coleman, to the second; the others are approved.

        3d Class--Mary Cash and Rachel Coleman were examined in reading History of America, in which they are considered equal and very highly approved.

English Grammar.

        1st Class--Consisting of Louisa Boggan, Martha Coleman, Margaret Edmond, Eliza Lawrence, and Sarah Lawrence. This class was examined in orthography and part of etymology. The first honor is awarded to Louisa Boggan; the second to Martha Coleman; the others equal.

        2d Class--Consisting of Susan Pickett, Eliza A. Dismukes, Mary Pegues, Eleanor Pickett, who are equal, and merit approbation.

        3d Class--Laura Ann Fornis, Elizabeth H. Slaughter, Martha Carr, Fanny Pickett, and Mary Sylvester. This class was examined on Murray's English Grammar throughout: Mary Sylvester is considered best; Elizabeth H. Slaughter and Louisa A. Forniss next, the others are approved. This class, (with the exception of E. H. Slaughter and M. Sylvester,) together with Mary Pegues, Susan Pickett, and Eleanor Pickett, constituted the first parsing class; in which Fanny Pickett is entitled to the first honor, Eliza A. Dismukes the second, the others are equal.

        4th Class--Mary Cash and Rachel Coleman, were examined on Murray's Grammar, &c. and are considered equal. This class, with the addition of Elizabeth H. Slaughter and Mary Sylvester, formed the second parsing class, in which there is no distinction; all highly approved.

Geography.

        Junior Class--Consisting of Elizabeth H. Slaughter, Martha Coleman, Mary Sylvester, Fanny Pickett, Eliza A. Dismukes, Eleanor Pickett, Mary Pegues, Laura A. Forniss, Susan Pickett, Louisa Boggan, Margaret Edmond, Martha Carr, Sarah Lawrence, Eliza Lawrence. This class was examined on the map of the world: Elizabeth H. Slaughter, Martha Coleman and Mary Sylvester, are distinguished as best, the others highly approved. It is but justice to observe, that those who are the most deserving are distinguished by the order in which they are named.

        Senior Class--Consisting of Rosanna R. Troy, Mary Cash and Rachel Coleman. This class was examined on the map of the World, Europe, North and South America, and the map of the United States. Those young ladies are collectively distinguished, and merit the warmest approbation of the committee for their promptness and accuracy, for which they award to them the first rank among the classes of the school.

Polite Literature.

        1st Class--Consisting of Elizabeth H. Slaughter, Mary Sylvester, Louisa Boggan, Martha Carr, Elizabeth Lawrence, Susan Pickett, Fanny Pickett: Fanny Pickett is considered best, Elizabeth H. Slaughter and Mary Sylvester, second; the others approved.


Page 6

        2d Class--Consisting of Mary Coleman and Mary Cash; in which both are considered equal, and highly approved. These young ladies compose, also, the first class in rhetoric, in which their examination was highly gratifying, and equal in point of merit.

        2d Class of Rhetoric--Rosanna R. Troy; who was examined on logic, natural philosophy, and the French language, whose display, in these various branches of education, was truly elegant and accurate, and justly merited the approbation of the committee.

Penmanship.

        1st Class--Mary Ellerbee, Frances Pickett, Jane Little, Oen Dejarnatt, Glorvina Pickett, Elizabeth Carr. Mary Ellerbee is best; the rest are equal.

        2d Class--Consisting of Eliza A. Dismukes, Eleanor Pickett, Susan Pickett, Sarah Lawrence, Fanny Pickett, Laura A. Forniss, Louisa Boggan, Eliza Lawrence, Mary Pegues: to Susan Pickett, Eliza Lawrence and Sarah Lawrence, is awarded the first honor; Laura A. Forniss the second, the others equal.

        3d Class--Consisting of Martha Coleman, Elizabeth H. Slaughter and Martha Carr; equal, and highly approved.

        4th Class--Consisting of Mary Cash, Rosanna R. Troy, Rachel Coleman, Mary Sylvester, and Margaret Edmond: It is with pleasure the committee observe, that all the specimens are executed with neatness; Miss Cash's is the best written.

Needle-work.

        1st Class--Consisting of Margaret Edmonds, Eleanor Pickett and Laura A. Forniss. The honors are awarded in this class in the order in which they are named.

        2d Class--Consisting of Elizabeth H. Slaughter, Fanny Pickett, Sarah Lawrence and Eliza A. Dismukes: Of this class, E. H. Slaughter is best; the others equal.

        3d Class--Consisting of Mary Cash, Mary Sylvester, Martha Carr, Louisa Boggan and Eliza Lawrence: M. Cash is entitled to the first honor; the others are equal, except E. Lawrence, who is approved. There was also a class examined in catechism, which was highly approved.

MALE DEPARTMENT.

Spelling.

        1st Class--Consisting of William Little and Ingoe Ellerbee; who were examined on spelling, in two, three and four syllables: equal, and approved.

        2d Class--Consisting of James Mendanhall, Peter Slaughter, Julius Beeman, Lawrence Moore, Benjamin E. Carr, William Ellerbee and Moore Moore. This class was examined in Webster's spelling-book and


Page 7

dictionary, in which James Mendanhall is mentioned as deserving the first distinction, Peter Slaughter second, and Julius Beeman third; the rest approved.

        3d Class--Consisting of James Bird, William Bird, William Beeman, Thomas J. Lockhart, James Dismukes, Hardy May, Cornelius Moore, Joseph Sylvester, James T. Dejarnatt, Jacob West, William Lockhart, Thomas Little, William Dejarnatt, William Lawrence, Burwell Carr, Edmond Walch, on spelling book throughout; in which James Bird, William Bird and William Beeman, Thomas Lockhart and James Dismukes are equal, and best; those who maintained the second station in this class, are Hardy May, Cornelius Moore, Joseph Sylvester, and James T. Dejarnatt; the others all stand at No. 3, and are approved. The foregoing, together with the following, viz. William Pegues, George Little, Alexander May, Reuben Pickett, Giles W. Pearson, were examined on spelling, in Walker's dictionary, throughout; James Bird, William Bird, Burwell Carr, Thomas J. Lockhart, James Dismukes and Giles W. Pearson, equal and best; William Beeman, Joseph Sylvester, James T. Dejarnatt, Edmond Walch, William Pegues, George Little, are entitled to the second place; the others equal, and approved.

Reading.

        1st Class--Consisting of Peter Slaughter, Moore Moore, James Mendanhall, Lawrence Moore, Benjamin L. Carr, Julius Beeman and William Ellerbee; who read in the Looking-Glass: James Mendanhall and Lawrence Moore are considered best; the others equal, and approved.

        2d Class--Consisting of James T. Dejarnatt, William Dejarnatt, Thomas J. Lockhart, William Lawrence, William Lockhart, Edmond Walch, Jacob West, Giles W. Pearson, Joseph Sylvester, Cornelius Moore, Hardy May, William Bird, Thomas Little and William Beeman, who read in Murray's English Reader; Giles W. Pearson and William Beeman are awarded the first honor; William Dejarnatt, Thomas J. Lockhart, Edmond Walch, Jacob West, Joseph Sylvester, Cornelius Moore, William Bird and Thomas Little, the second; the rest approved.

        3d Class--Wm. Pegues, Reuben Pickett, Sidney Davidson, James Dismukes, George Little, Burwell Carr, James Bird, Alexander May, who read in the History of America; in this class Sidney Davidson and James Dismukes are equal, and best; and James Bird, second; the others but little inferior, and highly approved.

Murray's Grammar.

        1st Class--Burwell Bailey and Thomas Ledbetter; equal, and approved.

        2d Class--Giles W. Pearson, William Pegues, James Bird, Sidney Davidson, George Little, Cornelius Moore, Joseph Sylvester, Hardy May, Jacob West, William Lawrence, Reuben Pickett, Burwell Carr and James Dismukes; in which Giles W. Pearson, Sidney Davidson, James Bird and


Page 8

James Dismukes, are worthy of the first distinction, and considered equal; Cornelius Moore, Reuben Pickett and Burwell Carr, second; the rest approved.

Parsing.

        1st Class--Thomas J. Lockhart, Hardy May, William Lawrence, James T. Dejarnatt, Cornelius Moore, William Beeman, William Bird, Edmond Walch and Jacob West: This class was examined in Murray's Exercises as far as the adjective and noun, in which Thomas J. Lockhart, William Beeman and William Bird distinguished themselves as first; Hardy May, J. T. Dejarnatt, William Dejarnatt and Cornelius Moore, second; the rest equal.

        2d Class--James Dismukes, Giles W. Pearson, James Bird, Burwell Carr, William Pegues, George Little, Joseph Sylvester, Sidney Davidson; who were examined in parsing promiscuous sentences in Murray's Exercises; James Dismukes and Sidney Davidson are mentioned as first; Giles W. Pearson, James Bird and Burwell Carr, second; the others equally approved.

        3d Class--William Le Grand, James Moore, William Johnson, Valentine Park, Samuel Davidson, William May, Lyte Townsend, Alexander Thomas, James Slaughter: of this class, James Slaughter is considered first; Samuel Davidson second; the rest equal, and highly approved.

        4th Class--James Townsend; who was examined on Murray's Grammar throughout, parsing poetry, correcting instances of false syntax, in which he evinced much previous application, and is justly entitled to the approbation of the committee.

        5th Class--Saml. Davidson, James Slaughter, Lyte Townsend, Alexander Thomas, William Le Grand, William May; all equal, and approved, and distinguished by the order in which they are named.

Geography.

        1st Class--James Bird, William Beeman, William Pegues, Hardy May, Jacob West, Cornelius Moore, Edmond Walch, William Dejarnatt and William Bird: This class was examined on the map of the world, and they are so nearly equal, that it would be unjust to make any distinction.

        2d Class--On the map of the world, and Europe, James Moore, Giles W. Pearson, Valentine D. Park, Leonidas King, Thomas J. Lockhart, Joseph Sylvester, Sidney Davidson, William Lawrence, Burwell Carr, James Dismukes and William Pickett: who were equal, and approved.

        3d Class--James Townsend, Lyte Townsend, William Johnson, Alexander Thomas, William May and George Little: this class was on the map of the world, Europe, North and South America, and are truly deserving the applause of the committee for their promptness and accuracy.

        4th Class--James Townsend, Lyte Townsend, William Johnson and Alexander Thomas, who were examined on the map of the United


Page 9

States. The examination of this class was truly gratifying, and it is deserving of the highest approbation.

        5th Class--John Bates and James Slaughter: examined on the map of the world, Europe, United States, &c. The accuracy which these young gentlemen evinced on their examination, was such as entitles them to the esteem and applause of the committee, who, in behalf of the trustees, pronounce them the greatest proficients in geography in this department.

Classics.

        1st Class--James M. Slaughter was examined on Viri Romæ, and two of Virgil's Bucolics. This young gentleman recommenced the study of Latin about three months previous to his examination; his advancement is truly gatifying to the committee.

        2d Class--William Le Grand was examined on the Bucolics, and first two Eneids of Virgil: his examination was truly interesting.

        3d Class--Louis E. Stubbs, George Dismukes, Daniel C. Murdoch, John Stubbs, James Johnson, Joseph Pickett, Leonidas King and Samuel B. Davidson, were examined on the Bucolics and first four Eneids of Virgil; Louis E. Stubbs is best; George Dismukes, Daniel C. Murdoch and John Stubbs, next; the rest equal.

        4th Class--Clement Marshall; who was examined on the Bucolics and first six Eneids of Virgil, and on the Odes of Horace: the committee award to Mr. Marshall their applause and high approbation.

        5th Class--John Bates; who was examined on parsing blank verse, Sallust, Virgil, Horace to the Satires, and Homer's Iliad: for the correct display he made on the above branches, he is entitled to the highest standing as the most prompt and accurate scholar in this Seminary.

Public Speaking and Dramatic Representations.

        James M. Slaughter, George W. Dismukes, Clement Marshall, William P. Johnson, John P. S. Bates, James Mendanhall, Giles W. Pearson, Sidney Davidson, delivered Orations, on various subjects, that were highly gratifying to the committee, and creditable to themselves. The "Tailor in high Life," and the humorous farce of "My Aunt," were performed in a style that is not often surpassed by students.

        The committee feel highly gratified with the progress of the students in both departments of the Seminary, which redounds to the credit of themselves, and to the honor of their Preceptors. Indeed, when we reflect that a majority of the students have never before entered a regular Academy, we are agreeably surprised at their rapid progress and acquirements in so short a period. We are happy in attributing to Mrs. Edmonds that meed of praise which is so justly due her, for the able and assiduous discharge of the arduous and important trust committed to her care. The improvement made by the students under her direction is a high evidence of her superior talents as a tutoress. Mr. Edmonds has realized the expectations we had formed of him, from his high


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character as a teacher; and we trust that by his zeal and industry our Academy will rank equal, if not superior, to any in the state.

        By order of the committee.

        W. F. SMITH, Secretary.

        The exercises of the Wadesborough Academies will recommence on Monday, 10th July, under the management of the same Teachers, assisted by Mr. T. Mason.

        --Western Carolinian, July 4, 1820.

NOTICE OF EXAMINATION, 1820.

WADESBORO (ANSON) ACADEMY.

        The semi-annual Examination of the Pupils in both Departments of this Seminary, will commence on Monday the 4th December, and terminate on the Saturday following. Parents and guardians of pupils, and the public generally, are respectfully invited to attend.

        By order of the Board.

        November 4th, 1820.

        W. F. SMITH, Secretary.

        N. B.--The exercises of this Seminary will recommence on the second Monday in January, 1821.

        --Western Carolinian, November 14, 1820.

MRS. EDMONDS' BOARDING SCHOOL.

        Mrs. Robert L. Edmonds, assisted by Miss Haskins, from New York, proposes to open a Female Boarding School on the first day of January next, in Wadesborough, Anson county, N. C. Eight years devoted to the instruction of young ladies, has, she hopes, qualified her for this arduous task. In regard to the situation there is none, probably, in the State better adapted for an Institution of this kind. It has long proved to be very healthy, and in a School containing more than 100 pupils, for the last two years, not more than three cases of fever have occured. * * *

        The course of education will embrace Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, English Grammar, Geography by the Use of Globes and Maps, Belles Lettres, Chemistry, Moral Philosophy, Ancient and Modern History, Composition, Mythology, Astronomy, the Latin and French Languages, Plain and Ornamental Needle Work, etc. One general charge of 130 Dollars per annum, to be paid semi-annually, and always in advance, will include all the above branches, together with every article of board, medical aid and medicine. Music and Painting will constitute a separate charge. Mrs. E. is at present furnished with Maps and Globes equal to any in the United States. Mr. Edmonds will inspect the School daily, and deliver Lectures to the Young Ladies on Geography, Astronomy and Philosophy, three times a week. The Pupils will have an opportunity of attending Divine Service regularly on the Sabbath. The School will be limited to 30 boarders, and ten day scholars. There


Page 11

will be a public Examination semi-annually, and a vacation during the month of December. * * *

        The School will not be attempted with less than 20 pupils; but as soon as that number of applications are made, public notice will be given in the Charleston papers, Raleigh Register, Georgia Advertiser and Pee Dee Gazette.

        REFERENCES:

  • Rev. Robert S. Symmes, D.D. Charleston, S. C.
  • Rev. Andrew Fowler, A.M., Charleston, S. C.
  • Moses Sanders, Esq. Darlington, (S. C.)
  • Pleasant H. May, Esq., Statesburg, (S. C.)
  • Augustus Longstreet, Esq. Greensborough, (Ga.)
  • Joseph Pickett, Esq. Wadesborough, (N. C.)


Page 12

PLAN OF THE JUDGMENT BOOK.

        

Each young lady will be furnished with a Judgment Book, which will exhibit an account of her assiduity and conduct during the session.

JUDGMENTS FOR THE WEEK COMMENCING Spelling Reading Writing Arithmetic Grammar and Parsing Georgraphy by the Use of Maps and Globes Ancient and Modern History Rhetoric and Belles Lettres Chemistry Composition French Latin Philosophy Mythology Astronomy Plain Needle Work Ornamental Needle Work Music Drawing and Painting Conduct
Monday                                        
Tuesday                                        
Wednesday                                        
Thursday                                        
Friday                                        
Saturday                                        
Sunday                                        

        W. Well.--V. W. Very Well.--B. Badly.--V. B. Very Badly.--T. Tolerably.--F. B. Best.

        Wadesborough, September 26, 1821.

        --Raleigh Register, October 5, 1821.


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ANNOUNCEMENT OF JULY, 1822.

WADESBOROUGH
MALE AND FEMALE ACADEMY.

        The exercises of this institution commenced on the 15th inst. under the superintendence of Mr. and Mrs. Edmonds. Parents and guardians, taking into consideration the healthy situation of our village, the cheapness of board, the qualifications of the teachers, would do well to send their children and wards. The board of managers pledge themselves, that every attention shall be given to the morals and instruction of the pupils.

        WILLIAM DISMUKES,
MUMFORD DEJARNETTE,
THOMAS D. PARKE,
ALEXANDER LITTLE,
FRANCIS A. CASH,
Managers.

        Wadesboro', July 22, 1822.

        --Western Carolinian, July 30, 1822.


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BUNCOMBE COUNTY SCHOOLS

FOURTH OF JULY CELEBRATION.

ASHEVILLE, BUNCOMBE COUNTY, July 7, 1809.

        The anniversary of our glorious Independence was pleasingly celebrated in this little village on Tuesday last. Here was no bombastic display of warlike ardour--no mock feats of chivalry--no firing of guns--no splendid feasting--no Bachanalian libations--and consequently no pestiferous, a baneful practice of assassinating characters with impunity, and fomenting party strife.

        About 11 o'clock in the forenoon the Students of the Union Hill Academy (under the tuition of the Rev. George Newton) marched into town in handsome order, followed by their Teacher and the Trustees of this seminary, and had an exhibition at the house of Maj. Andrew Erwin, where a stage had been previously erected. The scene was beautiful; about 40 of the Students neatly clad in homespun garbs, exhibited various characters on the stage--while the expressive countenances of several hundreds of spectators bore testimony that their performances were such as did honour to themselves and their worthy Preceptor.

        --Raleigh Star, July 29, 1809.

LOTTERY ADVERTISEMENT, 1810.

LITERARY ADVANCEMENT.

SEVEN THOUSAND DOLLARS!
May be gained for the small sum of
FOUR DOLLARS!
In the
NEWTON ACADEMY LOTTERY.

         * * * The above Lottery is authorized by an act of the Legislature of North Carolina, for the purpose of enabling the Trustees of the Newton Academy near the town of Asheville, to compleat the necessary buildings belonging to the same--And also to establish a Female Academy in the town of Asheville. * * *

        DAVID VANCE,
GEO. SWAINE,
JOHN PATTON,
GEO. NEWTON,
ANDREW ERWIN,
Managers.

        Asheville, January 26, 1810.

        --Raleigh Register, February 22, 1810.


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LOTTERY A FAILURE.

ADVERTISEMENT.

        The Managers of the Newton Lottery, return their sincere thanks to all who have evinced a willingness to aid them in carrying the Lottery into effect; and with reluctance inform them, that owing to the extreme scarcity of cash, they are induced to believe that a sufficient number of Tickets, to justify the commencement of drawing in a reasonable time, cannot be sold. And lest those holding Tickets should become uneasy, we deem it our duty to discontinue the sale of Tickets; and have refunded all the money to the Post-Masters and other Agents, that was forwarded by them to us, with a request that they will take in all the tickets they have respectively sold, which request we flatter ourselves each will comply with.

        DAVID VANCE.

        GEORGE SWAIN.

        JOHN PATTON.

        GEORGE NEWTON.

        ANDREW IRVIN.

        Asheville, December 21, 1811.

        --The Star, January 24, 1812.


Page 16

BURKE COUNTY SCHOOLS

NOTICE OF OPENING OF ACADEMY.

MORGANTON ACADEMY,

        Burke County, is now open for the reception of Scholars, under the patronage of a respectable Board of Trustees. The mode of instruction pursued is the result of much attention and experience, and eminently calculated to fit young gentlemen and ladies for the active duties of life, and to prepare students successfully to pursue their collegiate studies.

        Lectures in an easy, familiar style, are given three or four times a week, on Language, History, Rhetoric, or Moral, Intellectual, Natural or Political Philosophy.

        Great attention is paid to reading, speaking, writing, and pronouncing the English language with correctness and elegance, and to the manners and morals of the pupils; and every thing done to promote their happiness and improvement. Tuition $20 per annum, and board on the most reasonable terms. The village is pleasant and healthy.

        French and Italian will be taught grammatically, if requested.

        April 15, 1822.

        --Western Carolinian, June 11, 1822.

FEMALE ACADEMY ANNOUNCEMENTS.

MORGANTON FEMALE ACADEMY.

        This institution will continue the current Year under the management of the Rev. Chauncey Eddy, Mrs. Eddy, and Miss Parkman, the same as the last year.

        The discipline and course of studies are the same as those adopted in the most approved seminaries of New England and New York.

        The first quarter of the present year has already commenced, but admission can be obtained at any time, and the bills will be made out from the time of admission.

        As the object of the institution is the intellectual, and religious improvement of the Young Ladies, the instructors feel themselves bound to exercise an attentive guardianship over them,--to check their desires for vulgar and degrading amusements, and to direct their attention to such things as are calculated to refine the manners, enlarge the mind and improve the heart. Good boarding can be obtained, either at the Academy, with the Instructors, or in the immediate vicinity, at the rate of eighty dollars per year.

        Terms, $6.25 per quarter; or $5, when instruction in Painting is not required; payable at the end of each quarter.

        Morganton, February 21, 1824.

        --Western Carolinian, March 2, 1824.


Page 17

ANNOUNCEMENT FOR 1824.

MORGANTON ACADEMY.

        This institution having received such assistance from the acts of the last Assembly, as places it on a stable and respectable foundation, and enjoying the labors of Mr. Alexander E. Wilson, a graduate from the State University, who has during the last year, given the most satisfactory proof of his faithfulness and ability, is now recommended to the attention of the public. * * * Under the instruction of Mr. Wilson, * * * together with the Rev. Mr. Eddy, residing in the Academy buildings, * * * those gentlemen who wish to fit their sons for college, or give them a valuable scientific education will be afforded facilities at this institution equal to any in the State.

        ISAAC T. AVERY.

        --Western Carolinian, August 10, 1824.


Page 18

CASWELL COUNTY SCHOOLS

CASWELL ACADEMY.

LEGISLATION.

        An Act to establish an Academy at the Courthouse in Caswell County:

        WHEREAS, a number of the citizens of said county, are desirous of establishing an Academy for the promotion of learning, at the courthouse aforesaid, having by subscription, erected a convenient building on a lot appropriated to that purpose, and Trustees being already appointed by the Subscribers to carry the same into effect, and it is proper that they should be incorporated, therefore;

        Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That Thomas Donoho, Solomon Graves, Jesse Carter, Alexander Murphey, David Mitchell, Richard Simpson, Marmaduke Williams, Michael Montgomery, John M'Aden, James Yancey and Henry Atkinson, Esquires shall be, and they are hereby declared to be a body politic and corporate, to be known and distinguished by the name of "The Trustees of the Caswell Academy" and by that name shall have perpetual succession and that they the Trustees, and their successors by the name aforesaid, or a majority of them, shall be able and capable in law, to take, demand, receive and possess all monies, goods and chattels that shall be given for the use of the said Academy, and the same apply according to the will of the donors and by gift, purchase or devise, to take, have, receive, possess and enjoy and retain to them and their successors forever, any lands, rents, tenements, and hereditaments of what kind or nature soever, in special trust and confidence, that the same or the profits thereof, be applied to and for the use and purpose of establishing and endowing said academy.

        --Chapter XXXVII, Laws 1802.

CASWELL ACADEMY OPENS.

        There will be opened in the County of Caswell, near the Courthouse, on the first day of January next, an Academy, known by the Name of the Caswell Academy, for the Reception of Students, to be taught the different Branches of Literature; to wit, Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, the Latin and Greek Languages, Geography, Natural and Moral Philosophy, Astronomy, etc., etc., under the direction of the Rev. Hugh Shaw. The Terms for teaching the Latin and Greek Languages, together with the Sciences, will be 14 Dollars per Annum; Reading, Writing, and Arithmetic, 7 Dollars per Annum. Boarding may be procured convenient to the said Academy in good Houses, at the low Price of 33⅓ Dollars, and from that to 40 dollars per annum.

        November 22, 1802.

        --Raleigh Register, November 22, 1802.


Page 19

CASWELL ACADEMY EXAMINATION, 1803.

        On the 4th ult. the Public Speaking, etc., commenced at the Caswell Academy, which was performed with approbation and applause; and on the 5th, the Examination began on those parts of the Studies in which the Students had been engaged the previous half year; and it is with pleasure the Trustees announce to the public, that the progress they have made, and the accuracy with which they passed their several examinations, much exceeded their expectations, and was honorable to themselves, and to their Preceptors.

        By Order of the Board,

        HENRY ATKINSON, Clk.

        --Raleigh Register, August 1, 1803.

CASWELL ACADEMY UNDER HUGH SHAW.

        This Seminary, established on the pure patriotic Disposition of its Friends to cultivate Science and Literature, has increased in Number beyond the Expectation of its most sanguine Patronage. There are, at present, upwards of fifty Students who evince the strongest Proofs of expanding Genius, and discover the Advantage of an early Education. * * * The Trustees, at their last Meeting, have again contracted with the Rev. Hugh Shaw, as Principal Teacher, for the ensuing Year, whose Capability and moral Character has been hgihly approved. The School will also be furnished with an Assistant Teacher in the Languages. They have also employed Mr. Bartlett Yancey, a young Gentleman of approved Talents, to teach the English Language Grammatically, under the Direction of the Principal Teacher. * * *

        December 8, 1803.

        THE TRUSTEES.

        A pair of Globes and a complete Set of Maps have just come to Hand.

        --Raleigh Register, December 9, 1803.

CASWELL ACADEMY UNDER MR. DONOHO.

        The Exercises of Caswell Academy will commence with the beginning of the next year, under the direction of Mr. Sanders Donoho. Terms of Tuition will be Fourteen Dollars for the Latin and Greek Languages, the same for Geography, with the use of the Maps and Globes; and seven dollars for the English Language.

        December 20, 1804.

        HENRY ATKINSON, Treasurer.

        --Raleigh Register, January 28, 1805.

CASWELL ACADEMY UNDER MR. BOWLES.

        The Exercises of the Caswell Academy will commence as usual, on the first of January next under the direction of Mr. James Bowles, who will teach the different branches of Literature, to wit: Reading, Writing, English Grammar, the Latin and Greek Languages, Arithmetic,


Page 20

Geography, Geometry, Trigonometry, Natural and Moral Philosophy, with Astronomy, etc.

        The Trustees flatter themselves, that being provided with an excellent pair of Globes, a set of fine Maps, and some geometrical apparatus, with the healthy situation of the Academy, the cheapness of board, and the qualifications of their Teacher, Parents and Guardians will find it to their interest to send their children to this institution.

        The Trustees vouch themselves that due attention shall be paid to the tuition and morals of the Students.

        Boarding may be had in convenient and respectable families for forty and forty-five dollars per year.

        By Order,

        A. MURPHEY.

        December 23, 1805.

        --Raleigh Register, January 13, 1806.

CASWELL ACADEMY UNDER MR. CALDWELL.

        The Trustees of Caswell Academy inform the Public, that they have employed Mr. John W. Caldwell, of Guilford county, to take charge of that Seminary, at the commencement of the ensuing year. * * *

        November 17, 1807.

        THE TRUSTEES.

        --Raleigh Register, December 24, 1807.

CASWELL ACADEMY ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1808.

        The Trustees of the Caswell Academy inform the Public, that they have employed Mr. John W. Caldwell, of Guilford County, to take charge of that Seminary, at the commencement of the ensuing year. Boarding can be had for fifty Students, within one mile and a half of the Academy, in genteel and respectable families, at forty-five and fifty dollars. It is presumed the situation and healthiness of the place, and the character and abilities of the teacher, will induce parents and others to send their children to this place.

        November 17, 1807.

        THE TRUSTEES.

        --Raleigh Register, November 19, 1807.

CASWELL ACADEMY FOR 1809.

        The Trustees of this seminary have the pleasure of informing the public that they have again employed Mr. John W. Caldwell, formerly of Guilford as Principal Teacher in the Academy. The character of this gentleman as a profound linguist and a good teacher is well known. * * * The exercises of the Academy will go into operation on the 1st of January. The superior advantage which this institution has over country seminaries of the kind, in having an elegant and complete set of Globes and Maps, and being situated in a healthy part of the country, where morality and religion are celebrated and respected, the Trustees offer as an inducement to parents and guardians to send their children and wards to this place. There is little or no inducement


Page 21

for young men to become dissipated, and every species of vice and irregularity is checked in its infancy. The laws of the institution and plan of education are modeled after those of the University, in order that boys who lay the rudiments of their education here may complete it at that place.

        B. YANCY, Sec'y.

        --Raleigh Register, December 22, 1808.

STAR EDITORIAL NOTICE, 1810.

CASWELL ACADEMY.

        Of this Seminary Mr. John W. Caldwell is Principal. The School is said to be a good one. Board in the vicinity is remarkably low.

        --Raleigh Star, March 15, 1810.

CASWELL ACADEMY STILL UNDER MR. CALDWELL.

        The Trustees of this Institution have the pleasure of announcing to the Public that they still retain in their employment for the next year Mr. John W. Caldwell, a gentleman of distinguished talents and learning as a Preceptor; and under whom has been the direction of the Academy for several years. * * *

        Caswell, December 30, 1809.

        B. YANCY, Sec'y.

        --Raleigh Star, January 18, 1810.

CASWELL ACADEMY FOR 1811.

        The Trustees of the Caswell Academy have the pleasure of informing the Public, the Public, that they have again employed Mr. John W. Caldwell as their Principal Teacher, for the ensuing year. * * * as also Mr. James Kerr, a young man of the strictest sobriety and temperance as an Assistant. * * *

        December 15.

        S. GRAVES, Sec'y.

        --Raleigh Register, December 27, 1810.

CASWELL ACADEMY FOR 1812.

        The Trustees of Caswell Academy * * * have again employed Mr. John W. Caldwell, as Principal of the Academy. * * *

        Caswell County, December 27, 1811.

        --Raleigh Register, January 3, 1812.

HICO ACADEMY.

LEGISLATION, 1804.

        An Act to Establish an Academy in the Lower End of Caswell County.

        WHEREAS, a number of the citizens of this and the adjacent counties, are desirous of establishing an academy for the promotion of learning in the lower end of the county aforesaid, and having liberally subscribed for the purpose of carrying the same into effect, and trustees


Page 22

being appointed, they therefore are desirous of receiving the sanction of the Legislature by an act to incorporate them. Therefore,

        Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That John Ogilby, John M'Aden, Thomas J. Moore, Samuel Smith, James Rainey, Swepson Sims and Herndon Haralson, Esquires, shall be, and they are hereby declared to be a body politic and corporate, to be known and distinguished by the name of "The Trustees of the Hico Academy," and by that name shall have perpetual succession; and that they the trustees and their successors by the name aforesaid, or a majority of them, shall be able and capable in law to take, demand, receive and possess all monies, goods and chattels that shall be given for the use of the said Academy, and the same apply according to the will of the donors; and by gift, purchase or devise, to take, have, receive, possess, enjoy and retain to them and their successors forever, any lands, rents, tenements and hereditaments of what kind or nature soever, in special trust and confidence, that the same or the profits thereof be applied to and for the use and purposes of establishing and endowing the said Academy, and all purchases by them made of real and personal estate in their names as trustees aforesaid, and all contracts entered into by them as aforesaid, are hereby declared to be as good and valid to all intents and purposes, as if they had been heretofore a body politic and corporate.

        --Chapter XLI, Laws of 1804.

HICO ACADEMY WANTS A TEACHER.

THE HICO ACADEMY.

        IN THE LOWER END OF CASWELL COUNTY.

        Being nearly ready for the reception of Students, the Trustees are anxious to contract with some Gentleman as Principal Teacher, who can come well recommended for Morals and a Knowledge of the different Languages, Arts and Sciences. A Person who has been in the habit of teaching, would be preferred. Such a character will meet with liberal Encouragement on early Application to

        JAMES RAINEY,
THOMAS I. MOORE,
JOHN MCADEN.

        July 26, 1805.

        --Raleigh Register, August 26, 1805.

HICO EMPLOYS SHAW AND COTTRELL.

THE HYCO ACADEMY.

        The Trustees of the Hyco Academy (in the lower end of Caswell County) with pleasure inform the Public, that they have contracted with the Rev. Hugh Shaw, as Teacher of the Languages, etc. and the Rev. Thomas Cottrell, as Teacher of English, Reading, Writing, etc.


Page 23

who will take charge of this Seminary on the 1st of January next; where will be taught the Latin and Greek Languages, Geography, Philosophy, Astronomy, History, Euclid's Elements, English Grammar, Arithmetic, Reading, Writing, etc. * * * Terms of Tuition, for Reading, Writing and the common Rules of Arithmetic, seven dollars; for English Grammar, and its application to the Languages, also the higher branches of Arithmetic, ten dollars; for Latin, Greek, etc. sixteen dollars per annum, paid quarterly in advance.

        November 10.

        THO. I. MOORE, Clk.

        --Raleigh Register, November 25, 1805.

HICO CONTINUES MR. SHAW.

HYCO ACADEMY

        Will open on the first day of January next, for the Reception of Students. The Trustees having again engaged the Rev. Hugh Shaw as Principal Teacher, with a suitable Teacher in the lower Branches, are induced to hope that they will again meet with that Encouragement from the Public which they have so liberally experienced the present Session, and which the advantages attached to the Institution are calculated to secure.

        December 18, 1806.

        --Raleigh Register, January 26, 1807.

HICO CONTINUES MR. SHAW FOR 1808.

HICO ACADEMY.

        The Trustees of the Hico Academy respectfully inform the Public, that they have engaged the Rev. Hugh Shaw, as Principal Teacher, and the Rev. Thomas Cotterell, as Assistant Teacher, for the ensuing year. * * *

        December 17.

        --Raleigh Register, December 24, 1807.

HICO ADVERTISES A LOTTERY.

HYCO ACADEMY LOTTERY.

        The Trustees of the Hyco Academy, solicitous more liberally to encourage and perpetuate the advantages arising from this Seminary, and conscious of the ill success in a direct application to the generosity of the public, obtained an act of the Legislature of this State, to raise a sum by way of Lottery to be applied by said Trustees to the use and benefit of the said Academy, and now most respectfully offer the scheme to their fellow citizens and solicit their patronage. * * *

        Red House, February 1, 1810.

        JOHN MCADEN, President.

        --Raleigh Star, March 1, 1810.


Page 24

HICO LOTTERY DRAWING.

HYCO ACADEMY LOTTERY.

        At a general meeting of the Trustees, they resolved to commence the drawing of the Hyco Academy Lottery on the 15th of August next, at the Red House, and have appointed the following gentlemen to superintend and manage the same, to wit: Dr. John M'Aden, Samuel Smith, James Rainey, Herndon Haralson, Col. George Lea, Edmond Dixon and Thomas Bouldin. It is expected that those gentlemen who have or may receive Tickets to sell and do not return them by that time, will account for the price thereof in cash. The Trustees flatter themselves that the benevolent and all friends to learning and virtue (particularly when they recollect the great misfortune in the destruction of the late Hyco Academy by fire, and that a new and elegant two story building is contracted for, the first floor and walls of which are to be of brick, and are now in a considerable state of forwardness,) will not only themselves, but cause others to become adventurers in this Lottery. Few Lotteries of the same magnitude present prospects of equal benefit with as little risk.--Price of Tickets only three dollars--highest prize $1000, lowest $5, and two blanks to a prize only.--The known integrity of the managers warrants justice to adventurers.--Tickets may be had from any of the Trustees and at most of the Stores and Post-Offices in Person and Caswell.

        GEORGE W. JEFFREYS, Cl'k.

        Red House, Caswell County, June 9, 1811.

        --The Star, June 28, 1811.

HICO EMPLOYS ABEL GRAHAM.

HYCO ACADEMY.

        The Trustees of Hyco Academy have completed an elegant Brick House Building, and have contracted with Mr. Abel Graham to superintend this institution, the ensuing year. * * * English Language grammatically, the Latin and Greek Languages, with the usual branches of Science, will be taught in this Academy. * * * The Exercises will commence on the first day of January, 1813. * * * Board on moderate terms may be procured at the Red House, within half a mile of the Academy, where arrangements have been made to receive ten or fifteen Students. * * *

        At which place an assortment of Latin, Greek and English Books are now on hand for sale, for the accommodation of the Students.

         * * * * * * *

        --Raleigh Register, November 27, 1812.


Page 25

HICO ACADEMY FIRE.

HYCO ACADEMY.

        Notwithstanding the Wood Work of this Academy has again been consumed by Fire, Preparations have been made for the reception of Students, and the School will go into operation on Monday the 4th of January, 1813, under the superintendence of Mr. Abel Graham as Principal Teacher. * * * The Wood Work of the elegant Brick Building will be completed again perhaps by the first of May, for the reception of Students and for the operation of the School.

        Caswell County, N. C., December 28, (1812).

        --Raleigh Register, January 8, 1813.

HICO BUYS MAPS AND GLOBES.

THE HYCO ACADEMY.

         * * * The Trustees have procured for the use of the school a pair of large and elegant Globes and a complete set of Maps on the most approved scale. * * * They have employed Mr. Holbrook for the next year. * * *

        E. D. JONES, Clerk.

        Red House, Caswell, June 20.

        --Raleigh Register, July 1, 1814.

HICO EMPLOYS L. HOLBROOKS.

THE HYCO ACADEMY.

        The Trustees take this method of announcing to the Public, that this institution, notwithstanding its several misfortunes, is now in a complete state of readiness for the reception and accommodation of Students, where they may be correctly taught the Latin and Greek Classics and a general course of Science by Mr. L. Holbrooks. * * * The above branches of Education will be taught for Twenty Dollars per year, paid quarterly in advance. The School will go into operation on the first Monday in January next. * * *

        Red House, Caswell, December 23, 1813.

        E. D. JONES, Clk.

        --Raleigh Register, January 7, 1814.

HICO EMPLOYS JOHN H. HINTON.

HYCO ACADEMY.

         * * * The services of Mr. John H. Hinton, under whose direction the Academy has been placed during the present year, are engaged for the next. He was educated at the University and afterwards taught, with reputation, both in the College and in the Preparatory department at that place. The system on which he teaches is, therefore, precisely the same which is there adopted, and the course of studies such


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as to render the Academy in every respect preparatory to the University.

        The very essential branches of Classical education--correct pronunciation, according to the rules of Prosody, Scanning, and the derivation and composition of words--so much neglected in other Academies, here receive particular attention.

        Proper attention is also paid to the English education of classical students; and as a Sabbath exercise McDowell's Bible Questions will in future be taught. * * *

        GEO. W. JEFFREYS, Sec'y.

        Red House, Caswell County, December 11.

        --Raleigh Register, December 24, 1818.

HICO PREPARES FOR UNIVERSITY.

HYCO ACADEMY, MAY 30TH, 1818.

         * * * The inconvenience and loss of time the Students from many other Academies in the State experience on going to the College, from having attended to their studies in a different order from that established there, and from having pursued such as are not auxiliary to admittance, or if at all, are very remotely so, have been long and very justly a subject of dissatisfaction with those going to the University. These difficulties are obviated in this Academy by the establishment of precisely the same studies that are pursued at the College, in the lower classes and in the Preparatory School there. So it may be truly said that this school is strictly preparatory to the University. The Trustees would do great injustice to Mr. John H. Hinton, were they not to express in terms of high approbation their sense of the manner in which he has conducted this Institution during the last session. * * *

        June 2, 1818.

        GEORGE W. JEFFREYS, Sec'y.

        [From account of the examination in 1818.]

        --Raleigh Register, June 12, 1818.

HICO CONTINUES MR. HINTON.

HYCO ACADEMY.

        The Exercises of this Institution will be resumed on Monday the 3d of January, 1820, under the superintendence of Mr. John H. Hinton (formerly of the University) as Principal. The Latin and Greek Languages and the principal branches of the Sciences are taught here, and Students are prepared to enter the University with the highest credit. * * *

        G. W. JEFFREYS, Sec'y.

        Red House, Caswell, December 14.

        --Raleigh Register, December 17, 1819.


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HICO EMPLOYS MABLON KENYON.

HYCO ACADEMY.

        The Trustees of this institution have the pleasure of announcing to the public, that they have employed Mr. Mablon Kenyon, A. M., as principal teacher for the ensuing year. This gentleman is a graduate of one of the Northern Colleges, and has been engaged in teaching, both in public Academies and as a private tutor for several years. He is qualified to teach the various branches of the sciences, and the Latin and Greek Languages with skill and correctness; and under his care the Trustees will continue to render this academy in its studies strictly preparatory to the University, as it has been so eminently for several years.

        The exercises of this institution will commence on the 8th of January ensuing.

        Board may be had in the neighborhood at many respectable houses convenient to the Academy, upon very cheap terms.

        The prices of tuition are as usual with other Academies.

        G. W. JEFFREYS, Sec'y.

        Red House, Caswell County, December 11, 1820.

        --(Adv.) The Star, December 15, 1820.

HICO EMPLOYS DABNEY RAINEY AS ASSISTANT.

HYCO ACADEMY.

        The Trustees * * * have employed Mr. Mablon Kenyon, A. M. to take charge of this Academy for the ensuing year. * * * Mr. Dabney Rainey is employed as assistant. * * *

        November 22, 1821.

        GEO. W. JEFFREYS, Sec'y.

        --Raleigh Register, November 30, 1821.

HICO CONTINUES MR. KENYON.

HYCO ACADEMY.

        The Trustees take pleasure in informing the Public, that they have employed Mr. Mablon Kenyon, A. M. to take charge of this Academy for the ensuing year. From his judicious management, upright conduct, close attention to the duties of the institution and the consequent improvement of the Students, and the general satisfaction given the present year, we feel a confidence in asserting, that under its present Principal it as least equals its former character, and is in reality one of the most eligible institutions in the State for preparing Students to enter the University. We therefore again solicit patronage of our friends and the public in general. Mr. Dabney Rainey is employed as assistant. His capability for governing and instructing has been manifested both in the Academy and elsewhere. Every branch of English and Classical Education usually taught in Academies, will be


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taught in this; and no applicant for admission who bears a good moral character, will be rejected for want of preparatory study to enter the class. Prices of tuition on our usual moderate terms. Board and Washing can be had in the neighborhood in respectable families at thirty-five dollars per Session. Strict attention will be paid to the behavior and Moral deportment of the Students.

        The Exercises of the Academy will commence on Monday the 21st January.

        GEO. W. JEFFREYS, Sec'y.

        Red House, Caswell County, November 22, 1821.

        N. B.--The almost invariable good health of the Students in Hyco Academy and its vicinity during the last summer when sickness prevailed in most other parts of the country, we think, is no small recommendation of the place.

        --Raleigh Register, January 11, 1822.

HICO ANNOUNCEMENT FOR 1834.

HYCO ACADEMY
Situated near the Red House
Caswell County, N. C.

        The Summer Session of Hyco Academy will commence on Tuesday the 1st day of July under the superintendence of a gentleman who has enjoyed the advantages of a regular collegiate education, and much successful experience as an instructor of youth, whose testimonials from the President and Professors of the College at which he was graduated, as well as from his patrons, and other gentlemen of great respectability, are full and unexceptional. At this Academy, young gentlemen may acquire a good English and classical education; or they may be thoroughly prepared for admission to any College or University in the United States. The Superintendent pledges himself, that no exertions shall be wanting on his part, to promote the welfare and rapid improvement of his pupils, and merit the approbation and confidence of his patrons. The agreeable and well cultivated society, as well as the extraordinary healthfulness of the neighborhood in which this Academy is situated, (and it is confidently believed that no neighborhood in the United States is more healthy,) and its remoteness from scenes of dissipation, are circumstances well calculated to recommend it to the favorable consideration of parents and guardians. Board may be procured in the most respectable and well regulated families, at the rate of $7 per month. The scholastic year will be divided into two equal sessions of five months. The rate of tuition (payable in advance) will be as follows, viz.

        
Some of the elementary branches of English education, per Session $8.00
Other branches of English education, per Session 10.00
Latin or Greek Languages or Mathematics, per Session 15.00


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        Persons wishing to become acquainted with further particulars, are respectfully referred to the following gentlemen and patrons of the Academy, viz. Dr. John McAden, Dr. David Pointer, Capt. William Irvine, James W. Jeffreys, Esq. and Rev. D. A. Montgomery, of Caswell county, and Dr. Thomas P. Atkinson, of Halifax county, Va. Communications may be addressed to the Principal of the Academy, at the Red House, N. C.

        June 10, 1834.

        --The Star, Raleigh, June 19, 1834.

SPRINGFIELD ACADEMY.

SPRINGFIELD ACADEMY,
In the upper end of Caswell County

        Will commence on the first day of October, under the direction of Mr. William C. Love, from the University of North Carolina, where the English and Latin Languages will be taught.

        Mr. Love is a young gentleman who possesses handsome acquirements, and a good moral character; this, together with healthiness of the sitution, will doubtless be an inducement to many Gentlemen to send their sons. Boarding, Washing and Lodging (notwithstanding the bad prospect of Crops) may be had for twenty students, within one mile and a half of the School, at Forty-five dollars each, per annum; and it is hoped this institution will be so conducted as to answer the most sanguine expectation of those Gentlemen who may think proper to send their sons.

        By order of the Trustees.

        M. DUKE MITCHELL, Clk.

        September 4, 1804.

        --Raleigh Register, September 24, 1804.

SPRINGFIELD EMPLOYS W. C. CLARKE.

SPRINGFIELD ACADEMY.

        The Examination of the Students attached to the Seminary in this vicinity known by the name of Springfield Academy, under the superintendence of Mr. William C. Clarke, took place on Thursday last. A gentleman who was present and much gratified at the exhibition, informs us that the exercises were well sustained throughout, and that most of the pupils displayed a proficiency not less honorable to industry of the scholar than creditable to the talents of the Teacher.

        --Raleigh Register, Thursday, July 7, 1831.

MISS PRENDERGAST'S SCHOOL.

        A Female Seminary is now preparing and will commence Teaching on the 1st day of next October, at Mr. Brice Collins, in Caswell county, North Carolina, about 4 miles north of Mr. McCauley's Store; where will be taught the following Sciences by the Subscriber, to wit, Orthography,


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Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, English Grammar, Needlework, Drawing, Painting, Embroidery, Geography and the Use of the Maps, also Scanning Poetry--where due attention will be given. The price of Tuition Ten Dollars per Year to be paid quarterly. * * *

        Caswell, September 9.

        RACHEL PRENDERGAST.

        --Raleigh Register, October 2, 1818.

MILTON FEMALE ACADEMY, 1819.

        The building for the Female Academy in this place, being nearly completed, the Trustees take this method to inform the public, that it will go into operation on the 2d Monday in January next under the special direction and superintendence of the Rev. Abner W. Clopton. In employing Mr. Clopton to superintend the Academy, they have not only consulted their own feelings in regard to a public ministry, but they have had also particular regard to public sentiment in relation to the institution. Most parents choose to place their daughters at institutions where they may enjoy the advantages of religious instruction.

        And while the Trustees have acted with deference to this disposition, they have taken the necessary steps to secure the most efficient means of combining, with religious privileges, the best opportunities of the literary and ornamental branches of education. For this purpose they expect to have two of the best tutoresses that can be procured from Philadelphia or New York.

        The prices of Board and Tuition will be regulated by those of the Oxford Female Academy, and will be required in advance.

        The first session will end on the second Monday in June.

        By order,

        R. M. SANDERS, Sec'y.

        Having been employed by the Trustees to superintend the Female Academy, in Milton, I submit the following remarks to the consideration of such as may be unacquainted with the prospects of this institution. While literary institutions are constantly multiplying, it must be a subject of pleasing reflection to pious parents, if not to others, that religious instruction forms a prominent feature in some of these institutions. * * * It is a fact too notorious to be doubted, and too serious not to be lamented, that many parents have awfully neglected the pious instruction of their children. * * * The superintendent of the Salem Academy having been consulted on the subject gave it as his decided opinion, that a minister of the Gospel should take charge of our institution. And the Trustees, wishing to give to their system of education every advantage that the public might require, determined to follow his counsel. * * *

        We cannot, at present, name our Tutoresses. But it may be confidently understood, that none but such as are in all respects qualified, will be employed. The Trustees would not have delayed the procurement of them until this time, if they had not been disappointed in their


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expectations of obtaining some from Elizabeth Town. There will be public worship, in the Academy, regularly twice on every Lord's day--in the forenoon and at night; and the pupils will have religious exercises appointed them invariably, on the afternoon of the same day. * * * Parents may be well assured also, that their daughters, while here, will be as effectually debarred from all scenes of profane merriment, and revelling, as are the pupils of the Salem School. * * *

        Milton, N. C., December 2, 1819.

        A. W. CLOPTON.

        In addition to the above, the Trustees have the pleasure to announce to the public, that two young Ladies, by the name of Thomas, of the city of New York, having offered their services, will be employed as Tutoresses in our Academy.

        These ladies, being members of the Episcopal Church, whose pastor is the Rev. Mr. Lyle, will come recommended by him; and by the Rev. Dr. Spring, pastor of the Presbyterian Church; and by the Rev. Mr. Williams, pastor of the 2d Baptist church, in the city of New York. * * *

        --Raleigh Register, December 31, 1819

PICKARD'S SCHOOL.

        The subscriber has opened a School in Caswell county, near Brown's Store, for the instruction of youth, in the rudiments of the English, Latin and Greek Languages.--Geography, with the use of the Globes. Natural and Moral Philosophy &c. will also be taught. This School is 10 miles west of Caswell Courthouse, and 7 miles east from Rockingham Springs.

        JOHN H. PICKARD.

        November 25.

        --Raleigh Register, December 3, 1824.

MISS BALLANTINE'S SEMINARY.

        MISS BALLANTINE will open a Seminary for Young Ladies, on the 5th September inst. at Gen. A. Graves' in the upper end of Caswell County. The situation is very pleasant and adjacent to the Rockingham Springs. The course of instruction will be carried on in a regular system, embracing all the Scientific and Ornamental Branches necessary to complete the Female Education. She will also deem it her imperious duty to pay particular attention to the morals and manners of the Young Ladies committed to her care.

        Pupils from a distance can be accommodated with board by Mrs. Lea, whose residence is quite convenient to the school house. Her terms of board are $35 per session. The first session will end on the 20th of December next; and a proportionable deduction will be made in the price of tuition and board on account of the shortness of the session.


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PRICES OF TUITION.

For the 1st Class $10.00
2d Class 12.50
3d and 4th Class 15.00

        All Ornamental Branches will be taught at the usual prices.

        Caswell County, September 1, 1825.

        --Raleigh Register, September 6, 1825.

MRS. STITH'S SEMINARY.

MRS. STITH

        Has opened a Seminary for young Ladies near the store of Q. Anderson, Esq. in Caswell County, where she proposes to teach the next year:--the next session will commence of the second day of January next.

        The course of instruction will be carried on in a regular system, embracing the Sciences and Ornamental branches usually taught in Female Seminaries. She will also deem it her imperious duty to pay particular attention to the morals and manners of the young ladies committed to her care. Mrs. Stith would furnish young ladies with board, at Fifty Dollars per year. Tuition Sixteen Dollars--or in proportion for a shorter time.

        Caswell, September 25, 1825.

        --Raleigh Register, October 4, 1825.

LEASBURG CLASSICAL SCHOOL.

TO THE PUBLIC.

        A New Preparatory School.

        The Subscriber has, with a view to a permanent location, made arrangements to open on the 19th inst. a Classical School in Leasburg, Caswell county, N. C. in which will be taught those branches of Literature and Science usually taught in the best Preparatory Schools. The much neglected studies of composition and declamation will receive more than an ordinary degree of attention.

        The Principal will conscientiously consider himself not only the instructor of the minds of his pupils, but of their manners and morals also. The Principal considers himself as very fortunate in his location. He is convinced that students can pursue their studies here, with fewer temptations to morals and distractions to study than in most county seats, in which Classical Schools are generally located.

        Leasburg is a neat, rural village, and is every way eligible as a school location, whether we regard the healthiness of its situation, the intelligence and morality of its inhabitants, or the cheapness of board which (including firewood, washing, candles, &c. &c.) will range from five to seven dollars.


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        The Academy is of brick, and situated in a beautiful grove of oaks. The school room is comfortable and commodious. The Tuition fees per session will be as follows, viz.

        
For the languages, Greek, Latin and French $15.00
For the higher branches of English 12.50
For the lower branches of English 10.00

        Leasburg, Jan. 2, 1835.

        WM. H. OWEN, Principal.

        --The Star, Jnuary 15, 1835.


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CHATHAM COUNTY SCHOOLS

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY LOTTERY.

        An Act to authorize the Trustees of the Pittsborough Academy to raise the sum of seven hundred dollars by way of Lottery.

        WHEREAS, the trustees of the academy aforesaid have represented to this General Assembly, that the raising the above sum of seven hundred dollars would be of great benefits to the said institution:

        Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That the Trustees of the Academy aforesaid shall have leave to raise by way of Lottery the sum aforesaid; and that John Ramsey, James Taylor, Charles Chalmers, John Henderson, James Bradley, John Dabney and William Warden shall be, and they are hereby appointed Commissioners for the purpose of opening and completing a scheme of lottery, calculated to raise the sum aforesaid, in the following manner:

        
3,500 Tickets at two dollars each is $7,000
1 Prize of four hundred dollars is 400
2 Prize of one hundred dollars is 200
4 Prize of fifty dollars is 200
8 Prize of thirty-five dollars is 280
18 Prize of twenty-five dollars is 450
200 Prize of ten dollars is 2,000
490 Prize of three dollars is 1,470
400 Prize of five dollars is 2,000
1,123 Prizes.   $7,000
2,337 Blanks.    
3,500 Tickets at two dollars each is $7,000

        And the said commissioners or a majority of them shall be managers of said lottery, and shall be accountable for the prizes and profits thereof.

        II. And be it further enacted, That when three-fourths of the said tickets are sold, that the drawing of the said lottery shall commence, under the management of the said commissioners, they giving thirty days notice in the Fayetteville Gazette.

        III. And be it further enacted, That all prizes shall be paid in four weeks after the drawing is finished, upon the demand of a possessor of a fortunate ticket, which prize shall be subject to a deduction of ten per cent; and if such prize is not demanded within six months after the drawing is finished, of which notice shall be given in some public paper in this state, the same shall be considered as relinquished for the benefit


Page 35

of said academy; and the produce of said lottery shall be vested in the Trustees aforesaid.

        IV. And be it further enacted. That before the Commissioners herein appointed shall begin to act in pursuance of this act, they shall enter into bond, with security to be judged sufficient by the Trustees aforesaid, for the sum of seven thousand pounds, payable to the Governor for the time being and his successors; which bond shall be void on condition that they the Commissioners aforesaid shall well and truly perform the trust hereby reposed in them, that is to say, that they will without fraud, delay or other deduction than ten per cent herein prescribed, pay to every fortunate adventurer in said lottery the prize he shall draw therein on the demand; and further that the said commissioners shall fully and faithfully account for and pay to the Trustees of the academy all the profits which shall arise out of the scheme of the lottery aforesaid, without fraud or delay.

        V. And it is further enacted, That if the Commissioners aforesaid shall fail to perform any part of the condition of said bond, any person aggrieved by such failure may without assignment bring suit on said bond, in the name of the Governor, in any Court of record; and all sums recovered thereon, shall be to the use of the person or persons who shall so bring suit; and the said bond shall be lodged with the Clerk of the Superior Court of Hillsborough district, who shall keep the same as part of the records of said district.

        --Laws 1797, Chapter XXXII.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY UNDER WILLIAM BINGHAM.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

        The Semi-Annual Examination of the students will commence on Tuesday the 1st of July next, and continue three days. * * *

        TERMS OF TUITION (in Advance one Quarter at least):

        Eight Dollars per Annum for Reading, Writing and Arithmetic.

        Thirteen Dollars per Annum for the Classics, English Grammar, Geography, the Mathematics, etc., etc.

        Two Dollars Entrance for every new Scholar, unless the Parent or Guardian was a subscriber to the building of the Academy.

        The Price of Board (including Washing, Lodging and Mending) for a Student in Town is fifty-two Dollars per Annum, and may be had cheaper, some small distance from Town.

        Any Number can be very readily accommodated.

        Wanted--A Person qualified to fill the place of second Teacher in the Academy, which will be vacant the 1st July next. The Qualifications necessary are a knowledge of the Classics, English Grammar, Arithmetic, to write a fair Hand, and if acquainted with some of the practical


Page 36

Branches of the Mathematics the more agreeable. Any further Particulars may be known by addressing a Line to the Rev. William Bingham or Mr. James Baker, Treasurer of the Academy.

        June, 1800.

        --Raleigh Register, June 10, 1800.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY UNDER POE.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

        EXAMINATION.

        On Wednesday the first of July commenced the Examination of the Students of the Pittsborough Academy, and continued three Days. On the Evening of the third Day, the Students performed the celebrated Dramatic Piece, called the "Honest Farmer," in which they acquitted themselves with great Credit. * * *

        N. B. The Academy will resume its Exercises on Monday the 13th of July, under the Direction of Mr. Poe, second Teacher--the Trustees, as yet, not having been fortunate enough to engage a Principal Teacher. * * *

        JAMES BAKER, Secretary.

        Pittsborough, July 8, 1801.

        --Raleigh Register, July 28, 1801.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY UNDER DAVID CALDWELL, JR.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

        The Trustees are happy in having it in their Power to inform the Public, that the Academy will be opened on the first Day of January next, under the Superintendence of Mr. David Caldwell, Son of the Rev. Dr. Caldwell, of Guilford County, as Teacher of the Latin and Greek Languages, and the useful and ornamental Branches of Learning; assisted by Mr. German Guthrie, former Teacher at the Academy, in the English Grammar, Reading, Writing and Cyphering. The Trustees feel assured, from the known Abilities of the Teachers, and the strict Attention that will be paid to the Morals of the Students, that general Satisfaction will be given. The healthy situation of Pittsborough, together with the Cheapness of Board, being generally to be had for Boys at fifty-two Dollars per Annum, must give it a decided Preference to most other Institutions of the kind.

PRICE OF TUITION.

        The Latin and Greek Languages, and Sciences, sixteen Dollars per Annum.

        English Grammar, with Reading, Writing, etc. thirteen ditto.

        Reading, Writing, Cyphering, etc., eight do.

        By order of the Trustees,

        December 1, 1801.

        JAMES BAKER, Secretary.

        --Raleigh Register, December 9, 1801.


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PITTSBOROUGH ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1802.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

        The Semi-Annual Examination of the Students of the Pittsborough Academy, will commence on Monday the 28th of June. The Trustees with Pleasure inform the Public, that since the Academy has been under the Superintendance of Dr. Caldwell and Mr. Guthrie, the Number of Students has greatly increased, and a considerable Addition daily expected.

        By order of the Board of Trustees,

        Pittsborough, May 31st.

        JAMES BAKER, Treasurer.

        --Raleigh Register, June 8, 1802.

WILLIAM BINGHAM RETURNS TO PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

EDUCATION.

        PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

        The Trustees now have the pleasure of informing the Public that the Rev. Wm. Bingham, one of the Professors in the University, has been engaged with them as President of this Academy, which will be opened for the reception of students, under his Management, the first of April next. Pittsborough is thirty-five Miles west of Raleigh, in as pleasant and healthy a situation as any other in the State of North Carolina; and from the moderate Price of Boarding (which may be procured in reputable Families, at from Fifty to Sixty Dollars; with that of Tuition, the Prices of which are as follows, viz. Reading, Writing and Arithmetic, eight Dollars; the Latin and Greek Languages, Geography, History, Mathematics, Astronomy, Moral Philosophy, etc. thirteen dollars; one fourth paid at Entrance, another fourth at the End of six Months, and the Remainder at the End of the Year) the Trustees flatter themselves with a very considerable increase of Students.

        By order,

        B. LIGHTFOOT, Sec.

        Pittsborough, January 21st, 1805.

        --Raleigh Register, February 25, 1805.

ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1806.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

        The Trustees of the Pittsborough Academy have the pleasure of informing the Public that the Rev. Mr. Bingham yet continues as President of said Academy. Boarding for Students may be had in Pittsborough in respectable Families for sixty Dollars per year.

        April 1, 1806.

        B. LIGHTFOOT, Sec.

        --Raleigh Register, April 7, 1806.


Page 38

ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1807.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

        The Exercises of the Academy for this Year terminated with the Examination of the Students on the 12th inst. and will be resumed on the 5th of January, 1807, under the Superintendance of the Rev. W. Bingham.

        --Raleigh Register, January 5, 1807.

ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1808.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

        The Rev. Wm. Bingham takes this method of informing his Friends and the Public, that he will continue the superintendance of the Academy the ensuing year. He will pay every attention to the Morals as well as the Education of the Youth committed to his care. The Terms of Board and Tuition as formerly.

        December 7th, 1807.

        --Raleigh Register, December 10, 1807.

ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1810.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

        The Exercises of the Academy, under the inspection of William Bingham, will be resumed on the 8th of next month, in a house at Pittsborough, to be rendered commodious for the reception of Students.

        December 26, 1809.

        --Raleigh Register, January 4, 1810.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY UNDER JACOB GILLET.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY,

        (Chatham County.)

        The exercises of this institution are now in operation, under the superintendence of Mr. Jacob Gillet, from New-York. The Trustees feel themselves justified in saying from the high authority under which Mr. Gillet comes recommended to them, as well as his long experience as a teacher, that the most flattering results may be expected from his exertions in that line; this together with the cheapness of board, and tuition; the known and acknowledged healthiness of the situation, and the general morality which prevails in the place, must be an inducement to its preference. They at the same time pledge themselves for a joint exertion in the care and advancement of the pupils sent to their charge. The prices of tuition will be six dollars per session for Reading, Writing, and Arithmetic; eight dollars for all the other branches of the English,


Page 39

usually taught in Academies, and ten dollars for languages combined with the English. Board can be had in respectable families, from sixty to seventy-five dollars per year, in the place; and cheaper a short distance out.

        February 4, 1820.

        Z. HARMAN, Sec.

        --The Star, February 11, 1820.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY UNDER NATHANIEL HARRIS.

THE ACADEMY IN PITTSBOROUGH

        Is still in operation, under the superintendence of the Rev. Nathaniel H. Harris. The 2d Session will commence on the 8th of July next. There is also an excellent Female School in the same village under the charge of Miss Mary McKenzie. Board can be obtained from $6 to 8 per month. It is unnecessary to make any mention of the healthiness of the place, as it is well known to be as much so, as any situation in the State.

        JOSEPH SMALL, Sec'y.

        Pittsboro', Chatham county, June 13, 1823.

        --Raleigh Register, June 20, 1823.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY UNDER MR. LALOR.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

        The exercises of this Institution will be resumed on the first Monday of January next. The Trustees are happy to announce that they have contracted with Mr. Lalor for the ensuing year. Mr. Lalor's abilities, classical attainments and industry as a teacher are well known. Parents, Guardians, &c, who send young gentlemen to this Institution, may rest assured, that every exertion will be used by him for their moral and literary improvement, and that they will be properly instructed in that course of the Greek and Latin Classics necessary to qualify them to enter the University. The airy, dry, and elevated situation of the School House, the salubrity of the air and excellence of the water, the low price of Board and Tuition, are a few of the many advantages which recommend this Institution to public patronage.

        December 7th, 1824.

        JOS. SMALL, Sec'y.

        --Raleigh Register, January 4, 1825.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY UNDER JOHN D. CLANCY.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

        The Trustees of the Pittsborough Academy are happy to announce to the public, that the exercises of this Institution are now conducted by Mr. John D. Clancy, a graduate of the University of North Carolina. who comes well recommended to them. It is unnecessary to name, that the place, in point of health, salubrity of climate, cheapness of board and tuition, is surpassed by no similar institution in the State.


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Parents and guardians who may send their children here, may rest assured that every exertion on the teacher's part will be used for their advancement in learning; and the trustees pledge themselves, together with the teacher, that a strict regard will be had to their moral deportment. Under these circumstances, we flatter ourselves, that those who may try us will find that we have promised nothing more than will be performed. The trustees promise that there shall be nothing wanting on their part to render this institution such as will be highly gratifying to those who may intrust youth to their care. There is also a Female School conducted by Miss M. MacKenzie, whose method and capability of instruction is equal to any of the kind in the State.

        Board can be had in respectable families at from $7 to $8 per month, everything found that is usual to furnish boarders with.

        By order,

        JOSEPH SMALL, Sec'ry.

        July 11.

        --Raleigh Register, July 15, 1825.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY UNDER P. LE MESSURIER.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

        The Exercises of this Institution commenced on Monday the 14th instant, under the direction of the Subscriber. The course of Instruction embraces, in addition to the usual branches of English, the Greek, Latin & French Languages.

        The healthiness and local advantages of the place are too well known to require comment.

        Board can be had on very reasonable terms with most of the respectable families in the village.

TERMS PER SESSION.

        1st Class $10.00 Payable at the end of each Session.

        2d do. 12.50 Payable at the end of each Session.

        3d do. 16.00 Payable at the end of each Session.

        Fifty cents extra for contingencies.

        February 20, 1831.

        P. LE MESSURIER.

        --Raleigh Register, February 24, 1831.

ANNOUNCEMENT FOR 1831.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

        The Exercises of this Institution, for the second Session, will commence on Monday, the 11th instant. The local advantages of the place are not surpassed by any in the State. Its healthiness is proverbial,


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and its society moral and refined. Board can be obtained in the Borough or its vicinity on the most reasonable terms.

        1st Class $10 Payable at the end of each Session.

        2d Class 12.50 Payable at the end of each Session.

        3d Class 16.00 Payable at the end of each Session.

        July 1, 1831.

        P. LE MESSURIER.

        --Raleigh Register, Thursday, July 14, 1831.

ANNOUNCEMENT FOR 1833.

THE EXERCISES

        Of the Pittsborough Academy will be resumed on the third Monday of this month. The course of instruction pursued in this Institution is such as to embrace within its range a due regard to the wants of every denomination of pupils, being so arranged as to exclude none who are desirous of receiving instruction. Parents desirous of having their children prepared for the University of North Carolina, can have them qualified for entering either the Junior, Sophomore or Freshman Class. Exclusive of the Greek and Latin Classics, the French language is also taught; and the various branches of English education, including both the elementary and highest branches of Mathematics. The terms for a session of five months is $16.50; and no deduction will be made from this sum on account of a difference in the ages or studies of the students.

        There are many circumstances which conspire to render this an eminently desirable institution--being located in the heart of a highly moral and intelligent society, and in a region enjoying all the advantages resulting from an elevated situation, pure water and a salubrious atmosphere. Board can be obtained either in the family of the Principal or in private families of high respectability, on moderate terms; and Parents may rest assured that the attention of the Principal to the manners and morals of the pupils committed to his care, will prove unremitting in its character.

        The Central Reflector will publish the above until forbid.

        January 1, 1833.

        P. LE MESSURIER.

        --The Register, Raleigh, N. C., Friday, January 4, 1833.

ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1834.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY

        The exercises of this School will resumed on the 27th instant.

        Terms--10 dollars per session.

        January 1, 1833.

        P. LE MESSURIER.

MUSIC.

        In order to remove any objection on the part of Parents and Guardians to the Scholars coming into the village, Mrs. Le Messurier has determined to erect a Music Room within a few yards of Mrs. Jones's


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School, which, it is expected, will be completed by the next session. A first rate instrument for practice free of charge.

        Terms--$22.50 per session.

        Pittsborough, January 18.

        N. B. The Academy will resume its Exercises on Monday the 13th of July, under the Direction of Mr. Poe, second Teacher--the Trustees, as yet, not having been fortunate enough to engage a Principal Teacher. * * *

        N. B.--Mrs. Le M. would receive 5 or 6 young Ladies, as boarders.

        Expenses, including board, instruction, &c. 70 dollars.

        N. B. The Academy will resume its Exercises on Monday the 13th of July, under the Direction of Mr. Poe, second Teacher--the Trustees, as yet, not having been fortunate enough to engage a Principal Teacher. * * *

        --The Star, Raleigh, N. C., January 24, 1834.

PITTSBOROUGH FEMALE ACADEMY.

PITTSBORO' FEMALE ACADEMY

        Under the care of Miss Elizabeth Anderson.

        The first Term of this school will commence Feb. 12, and close on the 20th December next, with a vacation of two weeks at the close of the first session.

TERMS.

        For Orthography, Reading and Writing, per session of five months $6.00

        For English Grammar, Geography and Arithmetic, per session of five months $10.00

        For any other branches, in addition to those named, such as Philosophy, History, Botany, Chemistry, &c. per session of five months $12.50

        Miss A. will give instruction in Needle Work without any additional charge; also lessons in Drawing and Painting at an extra charge of $8.00 per session. Tuition in advance, and no deduction for absence, except in case of sickness.

        Miss A. has had several years experience as a Tutoress in the Greensborough Female Academy, and the Trustees are well assured of her competency to give satisfaction in all the branches of a sound English Education. Board can be had in the Town with respectable Families, at a moderate price.

        Pittsboro', January 6, 1838.

        TRUSTEES.

        --Raleigh Register, January 15, 1838.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY UNDER J. M. LOVEJOY.

PITTSBOROUGH ACADEMY, N. C.

        The Trustees of this Academy take great pleasure in announcing to the friends of education throughout the State, that they have engaged the valuable services of Mr. J. M. Lovejoy to take charge of this Academy. The Trustees have received very flattering testimonials, which is an evidence of the estimation in which this gentleman was held. Mr. Lovejoy is a graduate, a first-rate mathematician and linguist, and is said to have the rare faculty of imparting knowledge with facility. It is unnecessary to speak of the great advantages Pittsborough offers in point of health and society, and it is believed they are superior to those of any town in N. C.

        M. Q. WADDELL, Sec. to Trustees.

        --Wilmington Advertiser, June 8, 1838.


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ANNOUNCEMENT FOR 1839.

PITTSBORO' ACADEMY.

        The Exercises of this Institution will commence on the 8th July next, under the superintendence of the former Instructor, Mr. J. M. Lovejoy.

TERMS.

        Classics, $18 Per Session.

        English, 15 Per Session.

        The following are the branches taught in this Institution, viz. Latin, Greek, French, Algebra, Arithmetic, Geometry, History, English Grammar, Ancient and Modern Geography, Navigation and Surveying, Reading, Writing and Spelling.

        In addition to the preparatory course in the Classics, Mr. Lovejoy will give unremitted attention to young gentlemen, in Algebra, Geometry, History, Ancient and Modern Geography, and will permit no Scholar to pass out of his hands without a competent knowledge of the above branches.

        The Trustees of this Institution, under a deep sense of the great evil flowing from imperfect Teaching in some of our Academies, hesitate not in recommending this School to the public, having had ample testimony, during a twelve months residence among us, of the ability, propriety and general intelligence of Mr. Lovejoy in all matters connected with Teaching.

        Pittsboro', June, 1839.

        --Raleigh Register, July 20, 1839.

THE KELVIN SCHOOL, 1828.

        MRS. JONES's School for young ladies will commence again on the first of February next. Small girls, who are to be engaged in the mere elementary parts of education, will be taken at an inferior price. Letters on the subject may be addressed to Mrs. Jones, Rock Rest, Chatham County.

        January 7, 1828.

        --Raleigh, Register, January 8, 1828.

ANNOUNCEMENT FOR 1831.

MRS. EDWARD JONES

        Private Boarding School for Young Ladies.

        The School which has for several years been conducted at Rock Rest, the family residence, is now removed to the vicinity of Pittsborough, and the next session will commence on Monday, the 7th of February, 1831, and continue five months.

        The very remote situation of Rock Rest rendered it on many accounts inconvenient for a School, while all the advantages of retirement, without


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any of its inconveniences are secured by the present commodious and pleasant situation, a few hundred yards from the town. Pittsborough, and its vicinity, are remarkable for health, being the resort of many families from the low country during the summer months. The young ladies will be chiefly under the instruction of Miss Charlotte Jones, with a competent Assistant.

        When it is desired, young ladies who have friends in town may be boarded with them. It is proper, however, to remark, that those who reside in the family must necessarily enjoy more opportunities for improvement, and that the customary attentions to them during the intervals of school hours, will not be abated or interrupted on account of the admission of pupils that may board elsewhere.

TERMS PER SESSION.

        For young Ladies exceeding twelve years of age, Board and Tuition, $75, including Books and Stationary with all other necessary expenses.

        For children under twelve, $70, or $65 if Books & Stationary be furnished by themselves.

        Mrs. Jones has much pleasure in stating, that in the Musical Department, she has obtained the services of Mrs. Le Messurier, a lady well known as an accomplished instructress in Music. A practising Piano provided by Mrs. Jones without extra charge.

        Chatham Co. Jan. 29, 1831.

        --Raleigh Register, Thursday, Feb. 3, 1831.

ANNOUNCEMENT FOR 1833.

MRS. MARY JONES'S SCHOOL.
PITTSBOROUGH.

        This School will commence again, as usual, on the first of February next ensuing. Miss Jones will have the aid of a competent assistant in the Literary Department, and provision is now made for Instruction in Music.

        January 21, 1833.

        --The Register, Raleigh, N. C., Friday, January 25, 1833.

ANNOUNCEMENT FOR 1835.

FEMALE SCHOOL.

        The Exercises of Mrs. Edward Jones' Private Boarding School for Young Ladies at Kelvin, near Pittsborough, having just closed for the Second Session of the present year, will be resumed on the 1st Monday in February next.

        In order to prevent misunderstanding, it is thought expedient to mention, that as Mrs. Jones has been obliged to refuse many applicants for places in the School, and does not wish to depart from her original plan of accommodating only such a number of young Ladies as may


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be subjected to family government, Mr. William Harden, whose residence is near that of Mrs. J. has been induced by his interest in the School to receive into his family a small number of pupils, who will be, as far as practicable, subjected to the same government as those placed in Mrs. Jones' family.

        The aid which Miss C. Jones will necessarily require in giving instruction to an increased number of pupils, will be rendered by Mr. Harden and the Rev. P. B. Wiley, gentlemen already experienced in the instruction of youth.

        Persons wishing to place their children or wards in this school, are requested to give early notice.

        Terms.--$75 per Session for Board, Tuition, Books, Stationary, &c. &c.

        Music, Drawing and Painting are taught by experienced instructors, and form separate charges.

        Pittsboro' December 20, 1834.

        The Raleigh Star, Fayetteville Observer, Western Carolinian, Washington Statesman, Elizabeth City Star and Wilmington Press will insert the foregoing Advertisement twice, and forward their bills for payment.

        --Raleigh Register, December 23, 1834.

KELVIN SCHOOL UNDER W. H. HARDIN, 1836.

        Private Boarding School, for Young Ladies, at Kelvin, Near Pittsborough.

        This Institution, long known as Mrs. Edward Jones' School, will hereafter be conducted under the joint superintendence and instruction of Miss Charlotte C. Jones, and Mr. W. H. Hardin. The next session will commence on the first Monday in February next, and continue until the middle of July, including a short vacation, when the second session of the year 1836 will commence; which will terminate on the 12th of December. A competent Assistant will be employed, if necessary. It is in contemplation to enlarge the accommodations for the school, and before the beginning of the next session, it is expected that every school-room convenience for each Young Lady will be provided.

        As it is determined to preserve the private character of the school, the Pupils will board in the families of the Teachers; exceptions to this rule will only be made to meet peculiar circumstances and the special wishes of friends and relations.

        Terms--Board, (including every necessary), Tuition, Stationary and the use of School Books, $75. per Session. Music and Drawing will form Separate Charges. Books and stationary will be furnished to the day scholars who reside in the Village and Vicinity, and those who may board in other families, at moderate prices.

        Near Pittsborough, December 20, 1835.

        W. H. HARDIN.

        --Wilmington Advertiser, January 22, 1836.


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KELVIN SCHOOL ANNOUNCEMENT FOR 1837.

BOARDING SCHOOL FOR YOUNG LADIES.

        Kelvin, near Pittsborough.

        The Exercises of this School, which have just closed for the second Session of the present year, will be rsumed on the 1st of February next, under the superintendence of Miss C. C. Jones and the Subscriber, assisted by a Lady in every respect suitably qualified. The first Session of the year 1837 will close on the 15th of July, including a short vacation. * * * The second Session will commence on the 15th of July, and terminate on the 12th of December. The School will be, as heretofore, strictly private in its character. No young Ladies, except those resident in the immediate vicinity, or so near the School as to be considered under the immediate care of their parents or guardians, will be permitted to board in any family of which a teacher is not a member. An arrangement has been made with Miss Holmes, with whom a lady connected with the School resides, to accommodate a small number of young ladies with board. Terms, for board and tuition, $85 per Session, payable in advance; tuition for day scholars, $15 for all over 12 years of age; 12½ for those under 12.

        Instruction in the Ancient Languages and Mathematics, will be given when desired. * * * Books and Stationary will be furnished to boarders and day scholars at the lowest retail prices. Music and drawing will form separate charges. The services of an additional Instructor in Music having become necessary, one has been accordingly provided. The services of a gentleman who is highly recommended, have been engaged for the next year (1837) who will give Instruction in the French and German, which will also form a separate charge.

        Pittsborough, December 15, 1836.

        W. H. HARDIN.

        --The Register, December 27, 1836.

KELVIN SCHOOL ANNOUNCEMENT FOR 1838.

KELVIN BOARDING SCHOOL.
For Young Ladies.

        This Institution closed its second session of the present year on the 15th inst.

        The first session of the next year will commerce on the 1st Monday in February, and end on the 15th of July, including the short summer vacation. The second session will commence on the 16th July and close on the 15th December.

        The School will be under the same superintendence and instruction as heretofore.

        It has been determined to receive no day scholars hereafter into this School. This determination is the result of experience and in accordance with the opinion of many judicious friends. The number of pupils will be limited; it is therefore important that applications for admission be made at as early a day as possible.


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        Terms: Board and Tuition, $80 per session, payable in advance. Music, Drawing, & Painting, by competent instructors, at the usual rates.

        Books and Stationary furnished, for the convenience of pupils, at moderate prices.

        Near Pittsboro', December 27.

        W. H. HARDIN.

        --Raleigh Register, February 19, 1838.

KELVIN SCHOOL FOR 1839.

MR. & MRS. HARDEN'S SCHOOL,
At Kelvin, near Pittsborough, N. C.

        Is limited to 20 or 25 young Ladies, of whom 8 or 10 will be received into their family. The terms are, for those who board in the family $80 per session. This charge includes Board, Tuition, &c. except Music and Drawing. Tuition for day Scholars, $20 per session, Music $22.50. Use of Piano, $2.50. Drawing and Painting $10. The course of instruction includes all the branches usually taught in Female Academies.

        The object in limiting the number of pupils is to give that particular attention to them which cannot be well afforded when the number is large.

        The present session will close on the 27th of April, and the next will commence the 1st of June and close on the 27th of October. Thus making the vacations fall in the months of May and November.

        February 15, 1839.

        --Raleigh Register, Raleigh, February 25, 1839.

HAYWOOD ACADEMY, 1833.

        A school has been recently commenced at the Haywood Academy, in which will be taught all the branches preparatory to a Collegiate course. The patronage of parents and guardians is respectfully solicited. Price of tuition will be $12½ per session. Board can be had in respectable families for 6 dollars per month--the morals and general deportment of the boys that may be sent to this institution will be strictly attended to.

        Haywood, N. C., June 1, 1833.

        LEMUEL MURRAY.

        The Fayetteville Observer will please insert the above three times and forward their account to the subscriber for payment.

        L. M.

        --The Star, June 7, 1833.

HAYWOOD ACADEMY FOR 1834.

HAYWOOD ACADEMY.

        The Trustees of the Haywood Academy, in Chatham county, take this method of informing the public that the exercises in this institution will recommence on the 6th January, 1834, under the superintendence


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of Mr. Lemuel Murray, a gentlleman eminently qualified to perform all the duties of a teacher. The healthiness of the situation, and the reduced price of board in genteel families, offer advantages to parents and guardians seldom to be met with.

        By order of the Board of Trustees.

        December 21, 1833.

        W. D. STRAIN, Sec.

        --The Star, December 27, 1833.

HOOPER'S SELECT PREPARATORY SCHOOL, 1837.

        The Subscriber, wishing to confine himself to a smaller number of pupils than hitherto, proposes opening a limited PRIVATE SCHOOL, number of boys not exceeding twenty; course of Instruction, preparatory to College. Tuition $15.50 per Session.

        The First Session will commence on the 16th of January, and end on the 15th of June. The second Session will commence on the 1st of July and end on the 1st of December.

        Pittsborough, N. C.

        WM. H. HOOPER.

        December 20, 1837.

        To be inserted in the Fayetteville Observer, Raleigh Standard, Wilmington Advertiser and Salisbury Watchman--each 4 weeks.

        --Raleigh Register, December 23, 1837.

PLEASANT HILL ACADEMY, 1838.

        The Exercises of the Pleasant Hill Academy closed on the 18th inst. to be resumed on the 8th of January next.

        From the success attendant upon the Exercises of the past Session, conducted by BAXTER CLEGG, A. B., we cheerfully recommend the School to the patronage of our fellow citizens, and urge its claims especially on such as desire for their sons and wards a healthy location, at a distance from all scenes of dissipation. The Academy is located six miles south of Pittsboro. The high moral character of the neighborhood and the healthiness of the situation, commend it to the favorable regard of those preparing their sons for College, or training them for honor or usefulness. The following are the terms of the School per Session of five months, in advance:

        
For English Grammar, Geography and Arithmetic $10 00
Algebra, Geometry, Surveying, &c. 12 50
Latin and Greek 15 00

        Board, including bedding, washing and firewood, can be obtained in private families, convenient to the Academy, at $6 per month, in advance.


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        Further information respecting the School can be obtained by addressing the Subscriber, or the Principal, B. Clegg, Pittsboro'.

        WM. M. BURNS, Ch. Com.

        Chatham county, December 13, 1838.

        Standard and Star, 4 times each, and send accounts to W. M. Burns.

        --Raleigh Register, December 24, 1838.

COBIA'S SELECT FEMALE SCHOOL, 1839.

        SELECT FEMALE SCHOOL--Mrs. Cobia wishes to take as Boarders and as Pupils, FIVE YOUNG LADIES, to whom her whole time would be devoted. She proposes to teach the ordinary English branches, and Music on the Piano and Guitar. As her number will be so limited, only those are desired who connect Music with their studies. The Farm on which she resides, situated about half a mile from Pittsborough, affords ample space for exercise and recreation; and Mrs. Cobia pledges herself to keep her pupils, at all times, under her immediate inspection.

        TERMS.--Tuition: including Music on both Instruments, per Session, $50.

        Board and Washing $12 per month, or per Session, $60.

        Applications must be made by the end of the year. A Session of five months will commence on 15th of January next.

        Payment is required in advance.

        December 18.

        --Raleigh Register, December 21, 1839.


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CRAVEN COUNTY SCHOOLS

NEW BERN ACADEMY, 1793.

        The Trustees of the Newbern Academy give notice that on the first Monday in November next, the said Academy will be opened for the reception of scholars, under the direction of Mr. Thomas P. Erving on the following terms, viz.

        The first class, in which reading, writing, and arithmetic will be taught; at 20s. per quarter.

        The second class, for the study of Mathematics, in the various branches of that science, at 30s.

        The third class where the scholars will be instructed in the dead languages, at 50s.

        By order of the Board,

        SAMUEL CHAPMAN, Sec'y.

        October 5.

        --New Bern (N. C.) Gazette, October 12, 1793.

NEW BERN ACADEMY ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1794.

NEWBERN ACADEMY.

        The Trustees met on Monday the 23 ult. at the academy when the pupils were examined in the Latin and English languages, Euclid's elements and geography: after the examination a dramatic piece in ridicule of scholastic pedantry was exhibited by Mr. Guion, Mr. Forbes, Mr. Gaston and Mr. Pasteur, and the business concluded by an oration delivered by Mr. Gaston on the blessings of American independence; the trustees expressed the highest pleasure at the whole performance which they considered as reflecting great credit on Mr. Irving's abilities and assiduity as an instructor and affording the most flattering prospect of the improvement of his pupils in every branch of literature.

        --New Bern (N. C.) Gazette, January 4, 1794.

NEW BERN ACADEMY EXAMINATION, 1794.

        The pupils of the Newbern Academy, were yesterday examined by the Trustees, (it being the day appointed for a quarterly examination,) a respectable number of the inhabitants of the town attended--Mr. Gaston and Mr. Guion cannot be too highly commended for the Accuracy and elegancy of their translations of Homer and Horace--

        Those who were examined in Virgil and other classic authors, deserved applause--

        The Geography class astonished their auditors by the facility and accuracy with which they answered the most difficult questions that were proposed--


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        A number of young gentlemen of the Mathematics class demonstrated several propositions of Euclid with great facility and exactitude--

        The younger Pupils to the number of fifty, who were examined in the Orthography of the English language, displayed a proficiency rarely to be found in scholars of a more advanced age--

        The business of the day was then closed by a parliamentary debate very spiritedly spoken, by Messieurs Gaston, Guion, Barron, Pasteur, Cobb, and Forbes-- The whole performance was such as confers on Mr. Irving (the Preceptor) the highest praise--and we can congratulate our friends on the flattering prospects afforded us by the proficiency of his Pupils--his abilities and assiduity as an instructor are evinced to be such as are seldom to be met with--From the present flourishing state of our Academy we have reason to hope that we shall no longer regret the disadvantages, under which we have long laboured in obtaining an education for our youth.

        April 5.

        --New Bern (N. C.) Gazette, April 5, 1794.

SPECTATOR WRITES OF NEW BERN ACADEMY, 1794.

        On Thursday the 3d instant, the pupils of the Newbern Academy were publicly examined, in the presence of the board of Trustees, and a brilliant assemblage of ladies and gentlemen; their improvement in the various branches of useful science, particularly the Greek and Latin languages, the Mathematics and Logic, since the last public exhibition, demanded and procured their universal approbation. In the evening a very crowded and respectable audience were highly entertained by a theatrical exhibition--the salutatory address in commemoration of American Independence was delivered by Mr. Guion, with the utmost propriety of voice and gesture; several orations were pronounced by Messrs. Baron, Stephens and Beesley with several excellence: to these succeeded several humorous dialogues, and a representation of the Farce entitled, "Mock Doctor or Dumb Lady cured" in which every part was well supported by the young gentlemen above mentioned and Messrs. Pasteur and Forbes. A number of extracts from various comedies were also performed by Mr. Cobb, and those who had previously spoken, and a petite piece (supposed to be the production of Mr. Irving, the principal of the Academy) in which the pretender to science was highly characterized and ridiculed, afforded great entertainment to the spectators. The youthful performance was ended by a valedictory oration on the rising glory of America, delivered with singular elegance by Mr. Gaston and the business of the evening concluded with an elegant extemporaneous address by Mr. Irving, in which he depicted in lively colours the numerous advantages of science. To bestow further eulogy on any particular characters, would be an act of injustice to the students in general, it is sufficient to say, that from the rapid progress which the pupils have made in literature, since their last public exhibition, they received a justly deserved applause, and there is no


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doubt, that from their great advancement, during the short period they have been under his tuition, that the principal of the Newbern Academy, will receive the profits and honours due to his indefatigable industry and other merits.

        A SPECTATOR.

        --New Bern (N. C.) Gazette, July 12, 1794.

DEATH OF MR. IRVING.

        Died

        Lately, the Rev. Thomas Pitt Irving, Principal of the Hagerstown Academy, formerly of Newbern.

        --Raleigh Register, February 6, 1818.

NEW BERN ACADEMY PLAN OF EDUCATION, 1823.

        [Title page of pamphlet: Laws for the Government of New Bern Academy, with the Plan of Education Annexed: New Bern: Printed by S. Hall, 1823.]

SECTION 1.
Of the Faculty.

        1. The Faculty of Newbern Academy, shall be composed of the Teachers including the Principal--a majority of whom being assembled, after due notice given by the Principal to all the members, shall be competent to the performance of business.

        2. Every matter brought before the Faculty, shall be decided by votes, and it shall be the additional privilege of the Principal to give a casting vote, where there would otherwise be a tie.

        3. The opinion or vote of any member of the Faculty, shall not be made known to the Students, directly or indirectly, except when express order shall be given to that effect by an unanimous vote of the Faculty.

        4. It shall be the duty of each member of the Faculty to enforce the laws of the Academy, to prevent or put a stop to the violation of them, and to report to the Principal, or to the Faculty, such transgressions of them as ought to be punished by that body.

        5. The Faculty shall keep a book of records or minutes, and shall enter therein a fair statement of their transactions, resolutions and determinations; which book shall be laid before the Trustees, at each of their stated meetings.

        6. No act of the Faculty which is not recorded by their order, shall be considered as valid; and when recorded shall always be subject to the approbation or disapprobation of the Trustees.

        7. The Faculty shall take the necessary steps under the laws of the Academy, to detect those who in any way may injure or deface the Academy, or other property connected with it, and make report to the Treasurer, when any offender fails to comply with the requisition of the 10th rule, that such person may be charged by him with the amount of the penalty.


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        8. Every scholar on first entering the Academy, shall be directed by the Principal to that room, and to the immediate charge and instruction of that member of the Faculty, for which according to the plan of education, he or she may be found on examination to be best prepared. If, however, there be any objection, or any doubt on the mind of the Principal, or the wishes of the Parent or Guardian of such scholar, be inconsistent with the plan of education, it shall be the duty of the Principal to refer the matter to the Faculty.

        9. It shall be the duty of the Principal to visit the different rooms from time to time as necessity may require, and occasionally examine, or hear such classes recite as he may deem proper; and to cause proper arrangements to be made for the semi-annual examination, and to give public notice thereof.

        10. Each one of the Trustees shall make, and cause to be posted up, such by-laws as he may deem necessary for the better government of his own room, provided such laws be not inconsistent with the general rules of the Institution.

SECTION 2.
Of Admission.

        1. The year shall be divided into two sessions, of two quarters each--each quarter to consist of eleven weeks.

        The first session, 1st quarter, to commence on January 1st and terminate 19th March.

        Second quarter, to commence March 19th and terminate 4th June.

        Second session, 1st quarter, to commence June 4th and terminate 20th August.

        Second quarter, to commence October 9th, and terminate 25th December.

        The regular times for entrance shall be at the beginning of each quarter.

        2. Every person previous to admission into the Academy, shall produce to the Principal or Teacher under whose immediate charge he or she may be, the Treasurer's receipt for the tuition money. Every Student entering before a quarter is half expired, shall pay for the quarter; but if at or after the expiration of a half quarter, shall pay for only one-half of the quarter.

        3. Such a distribution shall be made of the pupils on their admission, as may best accord with the plan of education hereafter mentioned, and conduce most to the benefit of the institution and convenience of the Teachers.

        4. No person, except by a special order of the Board of Trustees, shall be admitted as a student in the Academy, who has been suspended or expelled from any other public Seminary of Learning, during the continuance of such sentence of suspension or expulsion:--and should any person thus circumstanced be received, on proper information, he shall be immediately dismissed from the Academy, until his case be brought before the Trustees.


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SECTION 3.
Rules and Regulations for the Government of the Academy.

        1. From the 1st day of April until the 20th day of August, the hours of study and recitation at the Academy, shall be from 8 o'clock to 12 in the forenoon, and from 2 to 5 in the afternoon; and from the 9th. of October till the 1st. of April, from 9 to 12 o'clock in the forenoon, and from 2 to 5 o'clock in the afternoon.

        2. Punctual attendance, at the stated hours, shall be given, or a written excuse offered.

        3. A regard to decency, it is expected, will induce the Pupils to appear in proper neatness of person and dress.

        4. During school hours, due attention must be paid to study; and no Student will presume to disturb or interrupt any other Student, at any time, or to leave his, or her seat, without permission, unless with a view of speaking to the Instructors.--In assigning the Pupils their respective seats, from time to time, a regard will be had to merit and literary improvement.

        5. As it is utterly impossible to attend to the various exercises of the Academy, unless profound silence be observed, all unnecessary conversation, laughing, whispering, or improper gestures, are strictly forbidden.

        6. The Students are requested not to loiter on their way to and from school; and as they regard their reputation and happiness, not to mingle or associate with the profligate and vicious in their youthful amusements out of school.

        7. No student shall knowingly associate or keep company with any person expelled from the Academy.

        8. Profane and obscene language is extremely vulgar, and highly reprehensible in all places; but if uttered within the hearing or cognizance of the Instructors, it will be severely punished.

        9. It is expected that the Pupils will not enter into their customary sports or amusements, on the Lord's day; and in attending publick worship, it is required that they behave with a becoming gravity and seriousness of deportment.

        10. The Pupils are required to preserve their books and manuscripts from being blotted or torn: and if any Student, shall break the windows, or otherwise injure or deface the Academy or its appendages, he shall immediately make it known and repair the injury. If the offender fails to do so, and be detected, he shall pay double damages and be duly punished.

        11. If any Student shall be detected playing at cards, it shall be the duty of the Principal to admonish him, and to acquaint his parent or guardian; if the offence be repeated, or he be guilty of gross immoral conduct, or his deportment be such that his longer continuance in the Academy is likely to be injurious, it shall be reported to the President of the Board of Trustees.


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        12. At all times the Students shall conduct and express themselves respectfully towards the Faculty, and towards every member of it.--And every deficiency in these respects, shall be considered as an essential departure from the laws and principles on which the Institution is founded, and by which it must be governed, and the offender must be punished accordingly.

        13. The Students are strictly required to behave with proper civility towards all they meet, or with whom they associate, and carefully to avoid injuring the property or disturbing the peace of any individual.

        14. The Students, it is expected, will also endeavor to promote harmony and good feeling among themselves, that there be no cause for quarrels or complaints. Yet should anyone, unmindful of the urbanity and refinement which should mark the character of the young gentleman and the scholar wantonly insult or attack his fellow-student; the party injured is required to make his complaint known to the Instructors, that immediate punishment, according to the nature of the offence, may be inflicted.

        15. All Students shall be required to undergo a public examination at the end of each session, and take such part in the exhibition as may be assigned them.--Any Student, failing to comply with this regulation, shall have his name handed to the Trustees as a delinquent, and be dealt with accordingly.

SECTION 4.
Miscellaneous Resolutions.

        Resolved, That there be a public examination by the Trustees of all the Pupils of the Academy, on the last week of each session:--

        That a Committee of the Trustees be appointed, whose duty it shall be to make out a report of each examination, to cause the pupils to be assembled, and the report read in the presence of such as feel an interest in the advancement of youth in learning and virtue, who may attend, and an appropriate address be delivered:--Also, that it be the duty of the said Committee, to carry into effect the resolutions relative to such as may have completed the course prescribed:--

        That the Academy be visited monthly by a Committee of the Trustees, whose duty it shall be, to inform themselves with respect to the improvement and conduct of the Students, and all matters interesting to the prosperity of the Institution; and make report at the meetings of the Board.

PLAN OF EDUCATION.

Male Department.

        The system of Studies, in the Classical Department, shall be similar to that preparatory to admission into the University of N. C. and include the studies of the Freshman and Sophomore Classes of the University, when required.


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Latin Course.

  • 1. Philadelphia Latin Grammar,
  • 2. Historia Sacra,
  • 3. Viri Romæ,
  • 5. Mair's Introduction,
  • 6. Cæsar's Commentaries,--7 books,
  • 7. Ovidii, Edition Expurgata,
  • 8. Virgil--Bucolics, and 6 books of the Æneid,
  • 9. Cicero--all the select orations,
  • 10. Sallust--War with Cataline and Jugurtha,
  • 11. Horace, throughout,
  • 12. Prosody.

Greek Course.

        1. Wettenhall's Greek Grammar,

        2. Greek Testament--St. John's Gospel, and the Acts of the Apostles,

        3. Græca Minora--the whole.

        4. Græca Majora--1st. vol. or Xenophon, or Homer--4 books, if particularly desired,

        5. Neilson's Exercises,

        6. Prosody.

English.

        Murray's English Reader and Sequel,

        Goldsmith's England, Rome and Greece,

        Murray's Grammar and Exercises,

        Adam's or Cumming's Geography,

        Walsh's Arithmetic,

        Gibson's Surveying,

        Hutton's Mathematics,

        Simpson's Euclid,

        Natural Philosophy, (Conversations on, or Cavallo's, or Ferguson's, or Nicholson's Philosophy,)

        Astronomy--(Ferguson's or Clark's System,)

        Use of the Globes,

        Adams' Greek Antiquities,

        Blair's Lectures,

        Andrew's Logic,

        Paley's Moral Philosophy,

        Composition,

        Declamation.

        To promote the advancement of all the Students of the Academy, in the knowledge of the English Language, no one shall be exempted (unless good and satisfactory excuse be offered) from some attention daily, to lessons in Reading and Spelling:--and proper attention shall also be given to writing, to English Grammar, with the application of the rules of Syntax, Composition, Oratory, and Arithmetic.

        Arrangements shall, from time to time, be made by the Faculty, under


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the control of the Trustees, by which the pupils, in any of the departments, may receive instruction from the Preceptors of other departments, in those branches of learning particularly taught by such Preceptors.

        Such Students as stand an approved examination on the Latin and Greek, or the Scientific studies prescribed, shall, upon leaving the Academy, be entitled to an Honorary Certificate, if requested.

Preparatory Schools.

        Lancasterian Department.--In this, the plan of which is so admirably calculated to advance beginners, are taught the first Rudiments of the English Language, Spelling, Reading, Writing, Grammar, and Arithmetic.--In this school, the books, &c. are furnished the pupils, free of expence.--This, as well as the

        Common English School, includes both Males and Females--In the latter, attention will be paid to the above mentioned branches, Parsing, Geography, &c.

Female Department.

        The lower eastern room of the Academy, shall be considered as appropriated solely to young Ladies; and shall be under the immediate care of the Principal.

        The qualifications preparatory to entering the Female Department shall be,

        That the person be able to read distinctly and with tolerable accuracy in Murray's Sequel;--be able to write a joining hand, both large and fine;--have committed Murray's Grammar to memory--have gone through Murray's Exercises;--and advanced in arithmetic through the simple rules.

        To this Department, four classes shall be assigned; and the system of Studies as follows: viz.

First Class.

        Murray's English Grammar,

        Reading and Parsing Cowper's Task,

        Cumming's Geography, Map of the World, North America, United States, and British Isles,

        Arithmetic, Walsh's.

Second Class.

        English Grammar, continued--Punctuation,

        Reading and Parsing Thomson's Seasons,

        Geography continued, Modern the whole,

        Arithmetic continued, through Practice,

        Whelpley's Compend of Ancient History--the whole.

        Use of the Terrestrial Globe.


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Third Class.

        English Grammar, continued.

        Reading and Parsing Milton,

        Geography, Ancient,

        Arithmetic, the whole,

        Whelpley's Compend, continued--Modern History, the whole and Ancient reviewed.

        Conversations on Natural Philosophy, as far as Optics,

        Clark's Astronomy--Use of the Globes,

        Rhetoric, Blair's Lectures.

Fourth Class.

        Reading and Parsing Young's Night Thoughts,

        Natural Philosophy and Astronomy, completed with illustrations,

        Blair's Lectures, completed,

        Logic--Andrew's Duncan,

        Paley's Moral Philosophy,

        All former studies reviewed.

         If it be particularly requested, Euclid, Conversations on Chemistry, Goldsmith's History of Greece, of Rome, and England, (abridged,) or Paley's Natural Theology, may be included in the Fourth Class.--Also the Latin and Greek Languages.

        Writing and Reading, with particular attention to proper pronunciation, shall be common to all the classes.--Also Spelling, and the three last classes, shall be required likewise to define.

        As standards of Orthography and Orthoepy, Walker's Dictionary and Key, are adopted.

        Compositions will be required of the 2d. 3d. and 4th. classes.

        No Miss shall advance to a higher class, until she have passed an approved examination on all the studies prescribed to her class.

        It is by no means to be understood that the whole course adopted in the Academy, shall be imperiously binding upon any Female, contrary to the wishes or instructions of Parents and Guardians, who are always considered as having a right to prescribe the portions of study.

        That due encouragement, however, may be given to Female Literature, it is hereby announced to the public, that whenever any Young Lady shall submit to the regular course now adopted, and stand an approved examination on the studies belonging to the several classes, she shall, upon leaving the Academy, be entitled to its distinguishing honours, viz:

An Honorary Certificate, and a Golden Medal, with an appropriate
Inscription.

        N. B. For the information of Parents and Guardians, it is hereby stated as the opinion of the Principal, that a Young Lady of ordinary talents and studious habits, commencing with the First Class, may, in


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the course of a session, go through the studies assigned to one class; and in two years, acquire a competent knowledge of all the studies belonging to the several classes.

Price of Tuition.

        Lancasterian Department, 2 1-2 Dollars per quarter.

        Reading, Writing, Spelling, Arithmetic, and the elements of English Grammar, 4 Dollars,

        With Parsing 5 Dollars,

        Mathematics, the use of the Globes, or any other branches of learning, except the languages, 6 Dollars.

        Every Pupil of the Academy, may receive Lessons in the French Language also, on paying the additional sum of $2 per quarter.

        Resolved that 500 copies of the foregoing be printed and deposited with the Treasurer of the Board; and that each Student, on entering the Academy, furnish him or herself with a copy.--Price, 10 cents, each.


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CUMBERLAND COUNTY SCHOOLS

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY UNDER DAVID KER.

THE SCHOOL

        In Fayetteville under the care of the Rev. David Ker, will commence on Monday the 20th instant.

        Fayetteville, January 1793. 1

        1 This is evidently intended for 1794.


        --Fayetteville Gazette, Tuesday, January 14, 1794.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY EXAMINATION IN 1800.

        On the 18th ult. was closed the semi-annual examination of the Fayetteville Academy, under the tuition of Miss Taylor and Mr. Merroney, in presence of some of the Trustees, and a large number of Ladies and Gentlemen of Fayetteville and its vicinity; a number of Ladies and Gentlemen of Wilmington were also present.

        The Examination took up most of three days. The whole was conducted with much propriety, and greatly to the satisfaction of those Ladies and Gentlemen who honored the examination with their presence, as well as those of the Trustees who were present.

        In justice to the Young Ladies and their Teachers, the Trustees with pleasure, remark, that, notwithstanding their attention and progress in needle-work, which increases the variety of their exercises and the objects of their attention, they generally excelled the Young Gentlemen, particularly in reading, spelling and English Grammar.

        On the evenings of the first and third days of the examination some theatrical performances were exhibited at the Theatre, by some of the Young Gentlemen of the Academy, assisted by some Gentlemen of the town, for the benefit of the Academy, the proceeds of which were upwards of one hundred dollars.

        And on the evening of the 24th ult. was a performance at the Theatre by Mr. and Mrs. Hardinge, assisted by some Gentlemen of the town, for the benevolent and humane purpose of extending to poor children, and such as are deserted by their parents, the benefits of Education. The proceeds of the house were deposited by Mr. Hardinge in the hands of the Trustees of the Academy for the above purpose.

        --Raleigh Register, August 19, 1800.

EXAMINATION OF FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY IN 1801.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY.

        On the 7th of July commenced, and on the 9th closed, the semi-annual Examination of the Fayetteville Academy, under the superintendency of the Rev. Mr. Robinson. A majority of the Trustees, and a large number of Ladies and Gentlemen, attended, who expressed their highest


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approbation at the performance generally, reflecting much credit on the Principal and Assistants of the Academy. The evening of the first day, the Young Gentlemen, at the Theatre, highly entertained a crowded audience by their Public Speaking, who were much pleased with their performance generally. * * *

        On the evenings of the two last days, the Students performed a variety of Theatrical Exhibitions, for the benefit of the Academy, the proceeds of which were upwards of 120 dollars. * * *

        [Then follows account of examination of Young Gentlemen in the following studies: "Greek, Latin, Euclid's Elements, Geography, English Grammar, Arithmetic, Reading, Spelling, Letter Writing, Copy Writing"; and Young ladies in "Geography, Reading, Spelling, Arithmetic, Writing, Needle work--embroidery, tambour, Dresden, marking."]

        --Raleigh Register, July 28, 1801.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY EXHIBITION, 1801.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY.

        On Thursday Evening, ended the Exhibition of the Students of the Fayetteville Academy, preparatory to the Christmas Vacation. The Examination of this Seminary of useful Knowledge and elegant Arts, continued for three Days, before a respectable Audience, who expressed the highest Satisfaction of the Progress made by the Young Ladies and Gentlemen, which proves the Result of the Care of the Teachers of this Institution. The Number of the Young Gentlemen examined on this Occasion amounted to Sixty; that of the Young Ladies Classes to Fifty.

        The Academy will be opened for the Reception of Students of both Sexes, as usual, after the Holidays, on Monday the 4th of January next. * * *

        Fayetteville, December 21, 1801.

        --Raleigh Register, December 29, 1801.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY UNDER ANDREW FLINN.

        The semi-annual Examination will commence on the 14th December next, after which will be a Vacation till the first Monday in January.

        The Trustees are happy to inform the Public, that they have engaged the Rev. Andrew Flinn, as Superintendent of their Seminary who will enter on that duty in January next. The acknowledged abilities of that Gentleman cannot fail to render the Institution more an Object of general Attention, and add to the Reputation it has already acquired.

        A Boarding House will be opened in December for the Reception of Young Gentlemen, under the Superintendence of the Trustees, and Management of one of the Teachers. The House is large and commodious, situated in a healthy and retired part of the Town and very convenient to the Academy. Price of Board seventy dollars per annum.


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Accommodations for Young Ladies to be had as usual. By order, November 18, 1802.

        W. B. MERONEY, Sec.

        --Raleigh Register, November 22, 1802.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1803.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY.

         * * * The Christmas Vacation will end on Monday the third of January, when the Academy will be again opened for the Reception of Students, under the Direction of the Rev. Mr. Flinn, who has heretofore taught at Hillsborough with much Reputation. Mr. Molie, late Professor of the French Language at the University of North Carolina, also proposes on that Day to open a Class for the French Tongue, for the Benefit of such Students of this Academy as may be desirous of acquiring a Knowledge of that useful Language. * * *

        By Order of the Board,
JOHN HAY, President.

        Fayetteville, December 16, 1802.

        --Raleigh Register, January 3, 1803.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY EXAMINATION, 1803

FAYETTEVILLE, July 13, 1803.

        The examination of the Young Ladies and Gentlemen belonging to the Academy at this place, commenced on the 10th inst. and concluded Yesterday. The several classes were so generally perfect in those branches of Literature which had been the objects of their attention, as almost to preclude the possibility of discrimination. The following statement, however, will contain a list of those who, in the opinion of the Trustees, were most particularly entitled to distinction: [Here follow names of young ladies and subjects. The subjects were spelling (four classes), reading (five classes), grammar (two classes), Geography, letter writing (two classes), copy-writing (three classes), cyphering (two classes), marking (two classes), Dresden work (one class), Tambour work (two classes), embroidery (two classes). The Young men's names and classes follow. They studied spelling (two classes), reading (three classes), cyphering, English grammar, Geography, Latin Grammar, Nepos and Eutropius, Eutropious and Corderii, Cæsar and Nepos, Cæsar and Sallust, Virgil, Euclid, one class each.]

        The exercises of the Academy were then adjourned to Monday the 25 inst. at which time the vacation will expire.

        The following are the names of the Trustees who attended the examination:

        DAVID ANDERSON,
ROBERT DONALDSON,
JOHN WINSLOW,
W. B. GROVE,
ROBERT COCHRAN,
S. D. PURVIANCE.

        --Raleigh Register, August 1, 1803.


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FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY EXAMINATION, 1804.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY.

        On Monday the 2d of this month, commenced the examination of the Fayetteville Academy, in the presence of the Trustees and a numerous company of the Ladies and Gentlemen of the town and neighboring counties. The examination ended on Wednesday the 4th, to the general approbation of the spectators, after a short vacation until Monday the 15th, the business of the school will again be opened.

        Whilst the high attention of the Teachers in the several classes was manifested, it is justice to remark the students of both sexes displayed on this occasion, proofs of industry, Knowledge and taste, equal to the best hopes of the favourers of this institution. Whilst the applause to all cannot be withheld, it is impossible, from the different degrees of genius to be expected in a school of upwards of an hundred scholars, not to expect some cause of more particular distinction. It is therefore remarked,

        The 1st Class examined in Virgil and Horace. A proper understanding of the Authors was evinced. * * *

        The 2d class, consisting of seven boys, was examined in Sallust and Virgil; proved correct in grammatical construction and parsing. * * *

        To the students of the Roman Poetical Authors, a more strict attention to the rules of Prosody is recommended.

        In the 3d class consisting of four, the students were examined in Cæsar and Sallust. Much attention and knowledge of the Authors was indicated by all the Members of this class.

        The 4th Latin class of five scholars, was examined in Cordery and Eutropius. * * *

        The 5th Latin class of four scholars, was examined in Grammar and Cordery, and acquitted themselves well. * * *

        On a general revisal of Latin Grammar, 21 students were examined, and a complete knowledge of the grammer rules was evinced by each of the class.

        In English Grammar, 1st class of four members * * * were distinguished.

        The 2d English Grammar class in English reading, ten scholars were examined in reading Prose and Verse, all deserving praise.

        1st class in English Reading, Ten scholars were examined in reading Prose and Verse, all deserving praise.

        The 2d class of English Readers; eleven boys were examined. * * *

        The 3d class of English Readers, twelve Scholars were examined in reading prose, and well approved of.

        A 4th class of Readers, eight in number, are entitled to the same remark.

        The 5th class of Readers read well. * * * A class of young Readers and Spellers, seven in number, acquitted themselves well.

        A class of nineteen in number were examined in Arithmetic. * * *


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It is observed, with concern, that * * * have not shown due diligence. In the general revisal of Spelling, throughout the Dictionary, thirty three of the Scholars were examined, and * * * excelled; but all acquitted themselves well.

        Of ten Young Spellers examined in Webster, * * * were most approved.

        In Writing, thirty four boys of different classes, exhibited Copies. * * * most excelled their respective classes.

        The evenings of the days of examination were engaged by the young Gentlemen of the Academy, to the number of sixteen, in delivering select Orations to a respectable audience. The exhibition of all was received with applause; but * * * were most distinguished.

        The young Ladies of the Academy, to the number of fifty, were examined in Spelling, Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, English Grammar and Letter writing, all evinced Knowledge of and application to their several employments in the school.

        Twelve young Ladies, in three classes, were examined in English Grammar, and so correct were they all, to distinguish would be improper.

        Twenty-eight young Ladies, in five classes, were examined in Reading and Spelling, and acquitted themselves well. * * *

        Specimens of the young Ladies Needle Work in Embroidery, in Dresden and Marking were exhibited. * * *

        By order of the Trustees,
JOHN HAY, President.

        --Raleigh Register, July 26, 1804.

        [The * * indicate names omitted.]

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1805.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY

         * * * The Trustees of this Academy, in the discharge of that duty which they owe to the institution and to the parents and connections of the students in the school have strictly attended in rotation to the examination of the classes. And they are happy in declaring, that after a fair investigation, they have in general been much pleased with the progress made by the scholars; in some instances they have thought the pupils deserved the highest praise; and but in one have they been constrained to censure.

        The progress of the scholars in their several departments of learning has been faithfully detailed in the foregoing report, and forms, as the Trustees imagine, the best eulogium on the conduct of the Teachers. The Trustees would believe they were unjust to the principal Teacher Mr. Flinn, if they did not thus publicly declare their approbation of his conduct in every instance, during the time he has presided. His attention has been uniform--his behaviour to the scholars, while firm, has been marked with humanity and benevolence; and his stability of character


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has rendered the discipline of the school easy and regular. Nor have the other Teachers merited to pass unnoticed. Mr. Meroney has done much in the English classes and Mrs. Bowen who filled the place of Mrs. Flinn on the occasion of her ill health, merits the thanks of the Trustees.

        Such are the appearances of the School, and the Trustees flatter themselves from the progress made by the students, it will continue to receive the public support. Heretofore the Tuition money has proved an equivalent to the expences of the institution. The Trustees on enquiry of late have been found in arrears, but whilst this is a matter of consideration, it is their pleasure to remark the liberality with which individuals in their immediate neighborhood have stepped forward to augment the fund.

        Mr. Meroney's time of engagement being expired, his place will be filled by Mr. Thomas Scott, a gentleman whom the Trustees can venture to recommend as perfectly well qualified to fulfill the duties of his appointment. Mrs. Bowen will continue to superintend the ladies' school until another selection shall be made.--The school will be resumed on the 1st day of the coming year--and it is earnestly requested that students of either sex will be punctual in their attendance on the day of commencement, or as early afterwards as possible in order to prevent confusion and loss of time in forming the classes.

        JOHN HAY, President.

        --Raleigh Register, December 31, 1804.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY UNDER WM. L. TURNER.

        The Trustees of the Fayetteville Academy with pleasure inform the Parents and Guardians of Children, that the Rev. William L. Turner is engaged as Principal Teacher in the Seminary, and will enter upon the duties of his appointment about the middle of November next. The degree of Reputation this gentleman has deserved and enjoyed as Principal of the Academy in Raleigh renders unnecessary the addition of anything on this head. * * * The Trustees contemplate and have partly arranged an enlarged plan of Education in the Female Department, and the addition of a Teacher in Music. * * *

        Fayetteville, Oct. 5, 1809.

        DAVID ANDERSON, President.

        --Raleigh Star, October 5, 1809.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY FOR 1810.

        The Trustees of the Fayetteville Academy are happy to announce to parents and Guardians, that this Institution will be ready for the reception of scholars on the first day of January. The school is divided into two departments, for the instruction of children of both sexes, with separate and appropriate rooms for each. In the male department will be taught, besides the first rudiments of education, Grammar, Arithmetic,


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Geography, Mathematics, the Belles-Lettres, Natural and Moral Philosophy, Rhetoric, and Logic; also the Latin, Greek and French Languages.

        In the Female department will be taught Spelling, Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, Grammar, Geography, History, Needlework, and Embroidery; together with such other branches of education as Parents may desire.

        The whole School will be under the immediate care of Rev. William L. Turner. * * * Mr. Turner will be assisted in the male department by teachers of talents and reputation, who are already engaged. In the Femade department, the Trustees have engaged the services of a lady who has long taught with success. * * * She will be assisted by Mr. Robinson from New York, in teaching Spelling, Reading, Writing, Arithmetic and History. That the means of obtaining an elegant education at Fayetteville may be complete, the Trustees have, at great expense engaged Miss Beze, from New York. This lady will give lessons to those desirous to receive them, in Music, Drawing, Painting, and the French Language. * * *

        There will be two vacations in each year, the first during the whole month of September, and the last from the 20th day of December to the commencement of the New Year. * * *

        By order

        DAVID ANDERSON, President.

        P. J. TILLINGHAST, jun. Sec'y.

        Fayetteville, N. C. December 18, 1809.

        --Raleigh Star, December 21, 1809.

        The * * indicate matter not material to this account; usually laudatory of the teachers and their acquirements, also of the fame and the healthfulness of the town.

RALEIGH STAR EDITORIAL ON FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY

        Has upwards of 120 Students. The Rev. William L. Turner is Principal, whose merits as the Chief of an Institution are well known. Music, Painting and the French Language are said to be taught in a very superior manner by Miss Beze, a native of France. Competent Assistants are provided for the several Departments.

        --Editorial, Raleigh Star, March 15, 1810.

MRS. BOWEN RETURNS TO FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY, 1810.

TO PARENTS AND GUARDIANS.

        Circumstances of a domestic nature having rendered it necessary that Frances Bowen should return to her family in Fayetteville, she has (though reluctantly) withdrawn herself from the Raleigh Academy, and purposes opening a


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School in Fayetteville

        on the first Monday in March, for the reception of Young Ladies. She engages to teach them those various branches of Literature which she has taught with some success for three years past in the Raleigh Academy. * * *

        FRANCES BOWEN.

        Fayetteville, February 5, 1810.

        --Raleigh Star, February 22, 1810.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY FOR 1811.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY.

        The Examination of the Students of this Academy closed on the 20th instant. The Trustees with pleasure announce to the public the gratification which this display of the proficiency of the Students, in those branches of education in which they have been instructed during the last session, afforded them.

        The Students of the Male Department, in the Greek & Latin Languages and other important studies, (a few excepted) discovered an accurate knowledge of the authors they had read, and an aptitude and promptness in the application of Grammar not often witnessed. The pupils in the inferior classes, in English Grammar, Reading, &c. gave pleasure to the parents and Trustees, and did honor to themselves.

        In the Female Department, in Astronomy, in History, and Geography; in Grammar, Reading, Writing &c. the young Ladies evinced in the course of their examination the assiduity and success with which they had devoted themselves to their studies.

        Every exertion has been made by the Trustees of this Seminary to render it eminently respectable, and extensively useful. The Rev. William L. Turner will continue to preside over the Institution, assisted by Messrs. John E. Gunning and Colin M'Iver, whose talents are known and approved.

        Mrs. Frances Bowen will superintend immediately the Female Department. The success with which Mrs. Bowen has for many years taught, and the celebrity which she has acquired both as preceptress and Governess, will hold out inducements to parents to confide their daughters to her care. Mrs. B. will be assisted by Dr. James Bogle, late Principal of the Louisburg Academy, whose experience and former success promise much.

        The local situation of Fayetteville, the regular and firm basis upon which the Institution rests, and the capacity and the reputation of the several preceptors, will, it is presumed, insure to the Academy a liberal support. It is worthy of remark that there has been during the whole of the present year only two or three instances of indisposition, and those but slight, among the Students.

        The price of Tuition per quarter is from two and a half to six dollars. Board may be had in the most respectable families for eighteen or twenty-one dollars per quarter.


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        The exercises of the Academy will commence on the first of January next.

        Fayetteville, Dec. 21, 1810.

        --The Star, Raleigh, January 3, 1811.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY FOR 1812.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY.

        The Trustees of this Institution are happy to announce to the Public that its exercises commenced on the 1st day of this month. The Rev. Wm. L. Turner continues to superintend the whole school; Mrs. Bowen presides in the Female Department. * * * Mr. Memorel, a French Gentleman of talents and well qualified, will regularly attend the Academy to give instruction to such as may wish to become acquainted with the French Language.

        Mr. Baker from Richmond, who has taught with much celebrity and success, will give lessons on the Piano Forte to those Young Ladies who are desirous of learning music. * * *

        By order,

        BEN. ROBINSON, Prest.

        P. J. TILLINGHAST, Jun. Sec.

        Fayetteville, January 2nd. 1812.

        --Raleigh Star, January 10, 1812.

DEATH OF WILLIAM L. TURNER, 1813.

        DIED.

        At Fayetteville, on Sunday last the Rev. Wm. L. Turner, Pastor and Principal of the Academy of that place, and formerly of this city. Mr. Turner had just paid us a visit, in perfect health. On his return, he was seized with a fever which carried him off.--Mr. T. was a Minister of respectable standing in the Presbyterian Church, an able and successful Teacher, a man of great plainness of manners and a highly respected citizen.

        --Raleigh Register, Friday, October 22, 1813.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY UNDER MR. BARROWS.

        We are gratified to learn that the loss which the Fayetteville Academy recently sustained in the death of its most estimable Principal, the Rev. Mr. Turner, has been well supplied in the appointment of Mr. Barrows, a gentleman of the first talents and character as his successor. Mrs. Sambourne, long known to the public as an approved teacher of music and painting in this city, is to assist Mrs. Bowen in the Female Department of that institution.

        --Editorial Raleigh Star, November 5, 1813.


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FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY ADOPTS LANCASTER PLAN.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY.

        The trustees of this institution, with pleasure announce, that their hopes are again revived, by the appointment of the Rev. J. A. Turner, as prinicpal thereof. They have also employed Miss Bosworth, late of the Raleigh Academy, to superintend the Female Department. * * *

        The trustees have long looked with a favorable eye, on those obvious improvements in the art of school teaching, which were first brought into operation by Mr. Joseph Lancaster, of Great Britain, the beneficial effects of which have already been felt and acknowledged by a great majority of the large towns in the United States. They have therefore, only waited for a favorable opportunity to introduce this system in all its improvements into the institution under their care. This time, they are happy to say, has at last arrived. They did, therefore, at one of their late meetings, pass an order that the preparatory school attached to the academy, shall hereafter be conducted on this improved plan. Those acquainted with this mode of teaching, nothing need be said in commendation of it--those not acquainted with it, are hereby confidently assured, that in the opinion of all who have had a fair opportunity of judging, no plan has ever before been introduced into our schools combining so many advantages, both in regard to cheapness and the facility with which children acquire a knowledge of the most necessary branches of an English education. The members of this school, having been suitably prepared, shall (if desired) be advanced to other rooms, in which will be taught Arithmetic and English Grammar more perfectly, Geography, Astronomy, Belles Lettres, Natural and Moral Philosophy, the Elements of Chemistry, the various branches of the Mathematics, the Latin and Greek Languages, etc. * * *

        P. J. TILLINGHAST, JUN. Sec.

        Fayetteville, December 14, 1814.

        --Raleigh Star, January 6, 1815.

THE FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY BANK NOTES.

North Carolina,
In Senate Dec. 27, 1816.

        Resolved,

        That the Solicitor or Attorney prosecuting on behalf of the State within the fifth Judicial Circuit be instructed to take and pursue all legal steps to enquire by what authority the members of the Fayetteville School Association incorporated by an act of the General Assembly passed in the year eighteen hundred and fifteen, exercise their corporate powers, and whether they have not forfeited the same by unlawfully issuing and circulating promissory notes commonly called Bank Notes.

        In House of Commons Dec. 28, 1816: Read and ordered to be indefinitely postponed.

        --Unpublished Legislative Documents 1816.


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FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY FOR 1823.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY.

        This Institution now affords advantages equal to any in the Southern States, being conducted upon the most approved principles, and provided with superior Teachers in every branch of Useful and Ornamental Education.-- * * *

TERMS.

    Female Department, conducted by Mrs. Hamilton with Assistant Teachers.

  • Rudiments, per quarter . . . . . $2.50
  • Reading and Writing . . . . . 3.
  • English Grammar, Ancient and Modern Geography with the Use of the Maps and Globes, History, Chronology, Mythology, Rhetoric, Belles Lettres, Composition, Natural Philosophy, Botany with Plain and Ornamental Needle Work . . . . . 6.00
  • Music, taught by Madame Villa, in the best Italian style.
    Per ann. taught in the Academy, $60, or $20 per quarter.
    Per ann. taught out of Academy, $100, $25 per quarter.
  • Drawing, Painting, and French Language taught by M. Laising, a native of France.
    Drawing and Painting, per quarter . . . . . $6.
  • French . . . . . 6.50

    Classical Department, under Dr. G. Davis's Tuition.

  • The Latin and Greek Languages, Natural and Moral Philosophy, Logic, Astronomy, Mathematics, Geometry and Algebra . . . . . $8.

    English Male Department.

  • Rudiments . . . . . $3.
  • Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, English Grammar, Ancient and Modern Geography with the Use of the Maps and Globes . . . . . $6.

        Pens and Ink provided the Students without charge. A tax of 25 cents each Student for wood, water, etc. Board, including all the above Branches except Music, $35 per quarter--payable in advance.

        WM. HAMILTON.

        For the satisfaction of Parents and Guardians the following Gentlemen may be referred to.

        J. A. Cameron, Esq. Prest. of the School Committee. Rev'd R. H. Morrison.

        April 30, 1823.

        --Raleigh Register, November 18, 1823.


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FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY BUILDINGS FOR LEASE, 1825.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY.

        A PRINCIPAL TEACHER is wanted in this institution, well qualified to instruct youths of both sexes in all the branches of an English and Classical Education, and to prepare young men for entrance into the Junior Class of any College in the Union. His moral character, and qualifications for teaching the Greek and Latin Classes, must be undoubted.

        It is the design of the Trustees to contract with a Gentleman who will take upon himself the sole management and responsibility of the School, comprehending both departments, Male & Female, supply the same with Teachers of his own choice, & furnish every other necessary, in consideration of which he will be entitled to regulate the price of tuition, and to receive all the emoluments derived from it.

        This plan is recommended by the experience, that salary employments do not stimulate to that industry and zeal, which are necessary to the successful progress and reputation of a large School, and has its foundation in that principle of self love, which prompts the exertions most where interest lies, by identifying the interest of the Teacher with the character of the School, thus affording to the public the surest guaranty of having their children faithfully taught.

        The Academy lot and buildings are situated in very pleasant part of the town, on one of the principal streets, and in the neighborhood of the Episcopal and Presbyterian Churches. The lot is large, and well shaded in the front yard, which communicates with the street over a stile: The main building and wing are three stories high, with a double Portico in front, and is surmounted with a beautiful Belfry--the length and breadth of the main building is about 65 by 45 feet, divided into large apartments, separated by large halls or passages through the centre.

        They are sufficiently capacious to accommodate a School of 200 scholars and a family, and the lot is supplied from a Hydrant in the front yard with good and wholesome water.

        Few prospects can be more inviting than the present, to a married gentleman with a family, qualified to assist in the school, or capable of taking boarders, (and such a person the Trustees would greatly prefer) for it combines the advantages of two fold profits, to be derived from teaching and boarding children from abroad. And when it is known that this Academy is situated in a town of 3000 souls, & that there is no Academy within 60 miles of it, in which the higher branches of learning are taught, the striking advantages of this offer cannot fail to make a strong appeal to the interests and enterprise of the first talents in the country, devoted from necessity to the vocations of Literature.

        The Trustees will lease the buildings, lot, &c, from the first day of January next; (when the present lease expires) for one year: after


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which they will extend the term to any number of years the contracting parties can agree upon.

        Letters, post paid, may be addressed to the subscribers at this place.

        LOUIS D. HENRY,
JNO. W. WRIGHT,
Committee.

        Fayetteville, August 10.

        --Raleigh Register, August 16, 1825.

FAYETTEVILLE ACADEMY IN 1838.

        Fayetteville Female Seminary--will open on the 15th of October. Besides the principal assistants of last year, three approved and experienced teachers will be added, viz: Miss S. Bostock, Miss J. Simpson, and Miss J. B. Simpson. Miss Bostock is an English lady, who has taught with success both in Europe & this country. She will teach in the literary & scientific depts, & will take a general & direct superintendence of the manners & deportment of the young ladies. Miss J. Simpson will take charge of the French dpt., & aid in the literary dpt. & music. Miss J. B. Simpson takes charge of the Music dpt. on the Piano, Guitar, and Parlor Organ. She will also teach Drawing, Painting, Embroidery, etc.

        Good boarding may be readily obtained in genteel families, & parents will be assisted in placing their daughters on application to Judge Potter, Mr. H. Leete, Mr. Geo. McNeill, or to

        R. W. BAILEY.

        --Wilmington Advertiser, October 6, 1838.

HOOPER'S SELECT CLASSICAL SCHOOL, 1824.

SELECT CLASSICAL SCHOOL.

        THE subscriber proposes to open a select School for instruction in the Classics and the usual Elementary Branches of Education. He hopes, by confining his attention to a few, to give parents a greater security for the industry and thorough improvement of those whom they may entrust to his care, than is practicable at larger schools.

        It must be obvious, that as those belonging to a school of the kind proposed, will enjoy superior advantages, so they must expect to make a somewhat higher compensation. On no other condition, would the plan offer any adequate remuneration. The subscriber having been for several years engaged in the task of education in the University of the State, flatters himself that he will be able to qualify his pupils well for entering that Institution. His terms will be $50 per annum to be paid semi-annually in advance. There will be a vacation of two months in summer. Those who intend to send their sons, will be pleased to give the subscriber immediate information, as he wishes to open the school on the 1st of January next. Care will be taken to obtain Boarding in eligible houses and on reasonable terms.

        Fayetteville, November 22.

        WILLIAM HOOPER.

        --Raleigh Register, December 3, 1824.


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DONALDSON ACADEMY IN 1835.

        The Winter Session of the school in Donaldson Academy will be opened in the new building provided for the purpose, on Hay Mount, on the first Wednesday in January.

        Fayetteville, December 22d, 1834.

        Wilmington Advertiser, January 7, 1835.


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DUPLIN COUNTY SCHOOLS

GROVE ACADEMY IN 1786.

        At our last session of the Assembly in this State we got an act passed for establishing an Academy for the education of youth in the Grove neighborhood in this county. This school is fixed in the heart of the Presbyterian settlement where our family all live and we have a considerable share in conducting it. We have purchased a piece of ground pleasantly situated for the purpose, on which we are now building a house, which we expect will be finished about twelve months hence. * * * The presidency or tuition of this academy we think at the beginning or soon after will be as good as one hundred pounds sterling per annum, but no gentleman will be admitted to this charge unless he be of approved abilities and good conduct, and good sound moral character. * * *

        Last October I received your very affectionate letter of the 21st April last, which was sent me by Rev. Alexander Patrick who soon after made me a visit and tarried some days with me, in which time I contracted a small acquaintance with him. I heartily thank you for the recommendation you gave me in his favor * * *. Mr. Patrick immediately on coming into this country got possession of one of the late Mr. Colvill's plantations on the N. West River and some of his slaves; the plantation he has rented out and the negroes he has hired for wages, which rent and hire he tells me amount to about one hundred and thirty pounds per annum. About Christmas he came down to our neighborhood at the Grove where we made him up a small school of fourteen or fifteen boys which is the first attempt that has ever been made to teach the languages in this part of the country. This little school will be about as good as forty or fifty pounds sterling to him. Those now under his tuition are intended to be removed to the academy when opened, when it is probable Mr. Patrick may be employed as a teacher if he is approved of; the school is in the same place where the academy is fixed. Mr. Patrick lives with my brother Joseph and has a convenient room and bed to himself. * * *

        Duplin County, 24th Feb., 1786.

        WM. DICKSON.

        --From Carr's Dickson Letters, pp. 29 et seq.

GROVE ACADEMY IN 1787.

         * * * Our Grove Academy (as it is styled by the Legislature) is not in a more flourishing condition than when I wrote you last (altho' yet short of our expectations or of what you wish it to be), the house is now finished, the school was removed into it last week, there are yet but twenty-five students under a master who teaches only the Latin and English Grammar and the Latin and Greek languages. We have no


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other fund for the support of it but the fees of the students and the benevolence of public spirited gentlemen, which have as yet appeared to be very low. I wish I could with propriety give you a description of it more to your satisfaction. The Genius of the people of this part of the country is not adapted to the study of learning and science. The most desirable object that people here have in view are interest and pleasure, but I flatter myself that that period will soon arrive when an emulation will take place amongst the youth (who are of most discernment) to aspire to the attainment of that which in the end will be most permanent and profitable, and that this infant institution (altho' far inferior to that erected at Strabane, or indeed almost any other), through the exertions of some who are concerned in it, may yet become profitable and rise to repute. * * *

        November 30, 1787.

        WM. DICKSON.

        --From Carr's Dickson Letters, pp. 34 and 35.

GROVE ACADEMY ANNOUNCEMENT, 1840.

GROVE ACADEMY,
Duplin County, North Carolina.

        This institution, located in a healthy region of country, one mile from the village of Kenansville, is now in operation, under the superintendence of the subscriber. Its design is to fit young men for college, or to prepare them for the ordinary walks of life.

        

TERMS.

Reading, writing & spelling, with Parley's geography, & Emerson's 1st. pt. arithmetic, per session $6.00
English grammar, geography, history, arithmetic, composition & declamation 10.00
Natural, moral and intellectual philosophy, chemistry, astronomy, algebra, and geometry, per session 12.00
Greek & Latin with any of the above 12.50

        There is an apparatus attached to the school.

        Book-keeping will be taught at an extra charge of $5 to the regular scholars.

        N. B.--Board may be obtained in respectable families at $6 per month.

        GEO. W. JOHNSON.

        --Weekly Chronicle (Wilmington) May 27, 1840.

HANNAH MORE ACADEMY IN 1837.

HANNAH MORE ACADEMY.

        This institution is now in successful operation under the direction of Miss L. E. Clarke, aided by Miss M. McDuffee, both of which ladies are eminently qualified for the stations which they fill; and from the


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very satisfactory manner, (both to parents and pupils) in which they conduct the school, the Trustees feel well warranted in recommending it to the public patronage.

        Tuesday the 19th inst. is the closing day of the present session, when there will be a vacation till Monday 15th of Jan. next, at which time it is hoped that the young ladies for the next session will be in attendance. By order,

        J. PEARSALL, Secretary.

        --Wilmington Advertiser, December 22, 1837.


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EDGECOMBE COUNTY SCHOOLS

TARBORO ACADEMY BUILDING.

        To Undertakers,

        Will be let to the lowest Undertaker, on Thursday the 26th of August next, the Building of an Academy in the Town of Tarborough, of the following dimensions, to wit: 60 feet in length by 24 feet in width, two stories high, the lower 12 feet, and the upper 10 feet pitch. * * * The materials are to be of Wood * * * Twelve months will be given to complete the Job in, and Bond with security will be required of the Undertaker for the faithful performance of the Work.

        THOMAS GUION,
JAS. SOUTHERLAND,
S. D. COTTEN,
JOS. BELL,
THEO. PARKER,
Commissioners.

        Tarborough, July 21.

        --Raleigh Register, July 30, 1813.

TARBOROUGH ACADEMY UNDER ROBERT HALL.

        The exercises of this institution will commence on the second Monday in January next, under the superintendence of Mr. Robert Hall, a gentleman from the University of this state, who has taught school in the Raleigh Academy and comes well recommended by the principal of each of these institutions.

        The rates of tuition will be, for reading, writing, arithmetic, English grammar, Geography and the use of the globes, sixteen dollars per annum. For the Latin and Greek languages, and the different branches of the mathematics, etc. twenty-two dollars, payable half yearly in advance; in which charges the price of fire wood is included. Genteel boarding can be procured upon reasonable terms.

        Tarborough, 24th Dec. 1814.

        ROB'T JOYNER, Sec.

        --Raleigh Star, January 6, 1815.

TARBOROUGH ACADEMY UNDER EUGENE FARNAN.

EDUCATION.

        THE Trustees of the Tarborough Academy take this method of announcing to the public, that in consequence of the resignation of Mr. Griswold, they have employed Mr. Eugene Farnan, who is eminently qualified to teach all the branches of Education heretofore taught in this Seminary together with the French language. The exercises of the Academy will commence on the first Monday in next month.

        Tarborough, Sept, 4th, 1824.

        DAVID BARNES, Sec. P. T.

        --Raleigh Register, September 10, 1824.


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TARBOROUGH ACADEMY UNDER MISS RAGSDALE AND MR. FARNAN.

TARBOROUGH MALE AND FEMALE ACADEMY.

        THE Exercises of the Female Department of this Academy will re-commence on Monday the 3rd of January next, under the superintendence of Miss Anna Maria Ragsdale, a Lady eminently qualified to discharge the various duties of a tutoress, in the branches of Education assigned to her Department, which embraces all those branches of education, which constitute useful, accomplished, and polite literature. Miss Ragsdale has taught in this Department of our Academy, for the last two years, and the parents and guardians of those young ladies who have been placed under her care, and the Trustees of the Institution, pronounce, unhesitating, that their expectations and wishes have been realized, and that in every particular, the most entire satisfaction has been given.

        The Trustees take pleasure in informing the public, that they have engaged Mr. Farnan to take charge of the Male Department of the Academy for the ensuing year. Mr. Farnan is a gentleman of moral and gentlemanly deportment--he is a native of Ireland, and admirably well qualified to discharge the duties of a teacher. He is a gentleman of classical knowledge and polite literature, a complete master of the dead languages, together with the Spanish, French and English. We have no hesitation in saying, as a linguist, that Mr. Farnan has not a superior in this State. Mr. Farnan has had charge of the Academy the last quarter, of the present year, and the Trustees and Parents feel much pleasure in stating their entire satisfaction at the progress of the Students and of the skill and manner in which the school is conducted. Mr. Farnan is eminently qualified to teach any branch of Education which is taught in any of our Academies, and even of College. Board and Tuition can be had upon reasonable terms, in the most genteel families.

        Tarborough, December 19.

        ROBT. JOYNER, Sec'y.

        --Raleigh Register, December 28, 1824.

TARBOROUGH ACADEMY UNDER MISS RAGSDALE AND
MR. HAMILTON.

EDUCATION.

        The second session of the Tarborough Academy will commence on Monday the 12th of this month, and end of Friday the 22d December--with a vacation from the 3d Friday in August until the 2d Monday of October.

        The Trustees, in selecting this period for the vacation, (and no other is given except an interval of a week at Christmas) were governed by the consideration, that the time alloted for the vacation includes the most unhealthy period of the year, and consequently, that parents generally would be pleased with the arrangement; and not from the particular


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unhealthiness of Tarborough, inasmuch as an experience of twelve years has proven, that (excluding the period allowed for the vacation) the Students, varying in number from sixty to eighty, have enjoyed as good health, as at any other institution in the State.

        The Female Department is now, and has been for several years, superintended by Miss Ann Maria Ragsdale--of whom it is deemed sufficient to say, that the reputation of the Institution has so much increased, as to require from the additional number of students, an assistant Teacher--who has been engaged, and will enter on the discharge of her duties, under the direction of Miss Ragsdale, at the commencement of the next session. The course of studies is as extensive as at other Female Seminaries, including Chemistry, Astronomy, Natural Philosophy, Rhetoric and History--and such as desire it, may be taught plain and ornamental Needle Work, Painting on Paper and Velvet, and Music.

        The Male Department is conducted by Mr. Moses Hamilton, who has had the management of the school for the last year--and whose assiduity, moral deportment, and classical attainments, afford ample testimonials of his fitness for the station which he occupies. Board can be had in respectable families at seven dollars per month.

        Tarborough, June 1.

        ROBT. JOYNER, Sec'y.

        --Raleigh Register, June 9, 1826.

SPARTA ACADEMY UNDER W. A. WALKER.

MALE AND FEMALE ACADEMY.

        WM. A. WALKER respectfully informs the inhabitants of Edgecombe and adjacent Counties, that his second session commenced on the 4th instant, at his residence seven miles from Tarborough, in the immediate neighborhood of Sparta.

        

TERMS PER SESSION OF 5 MONTHS.

Greek, Latin, & the subordinate branches $14.00
Geography, English Grammar, History, Composition, &c. &c 8.00
Spelling, Reading and Writing 6.00
Boarding, Washing and Mending 25.00

        Boarding may be had in many private families in the neighborhood, if preferred.

        Under an arrangement with his present patronisers, the vacation will commence 1st day of August and terminate 30th of September.

        Such as did not enter at the commencement of the session, will only be chargeable from the time of their entrance, up to the completion of their respective Sessions.

        June 23, 1830.

        --Raleigh Register, August 26, 1830.


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FORSYTH COUNTY SCHOOLS

SALEM SEMINARY IN 1811.

        A correspondent informs us that there are now 79 students in the Female Seminary at Salem, commonly called the Moravian School.

        --Raleigh Star, April 5, 1811.

SMALLPOX AT SALEM SCHOOL IN 1812.

NOTICE (Salem School).

        The parents, guardians and friends of the young Ladies of the Salem Boarding School, are respectfully informed that the Small-pox, which in last January had been introduced into this place by a traveler from the northward, has entirely disappeared, and now not the least damage is to be apprehended from them. One person only had caught the infection, who is now quite well. A general health prevails at this place. The young Ladies of the School, as well as others have been vaccinated with success, and it is with satisfaction we can assure the public in general, not only that not the least sign or danger of the Small-pox now exists; but also, that on this occasion we have proved, that the genuine kine-pox, when the disease is in the regular form, is a sure preservative against the contagion of the Small-pox.

        ABRAHAM STEINER,
Inspector of the Female Boarding School, at Salem, N. C. March 2, 1812.

        --The Star, April 3, 1812.

SALEM SCHOOL CROWDED, 1814.

SALEM FEMALE BOARDING SCHOOL.

        The Trustees of the Boarding School for Female Education in Salem, Stokes county, N. C. under the direction of the Rev. Abraham Steiner, deem it their duty to give notice to such Parents and Guardians, as may have it in contemplation to avail themselves of this Institution, that the Seminary is at present much crowded, and a sufficient number of candidates on the list, for the vacancies which may take place in the course of at least eight months, and to refer them particularly to that part of the terms of said Institution, in which it is requested, "That no child may be brought or sent without previous application having been made to the Inspector, the Rev. Abraham Steiner, and leave obtained by him in writing, appointing the time of admittance."

        Salem, N. C. Mar. 21.

        --Raleigh Register, April 1, 1814.


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SALEM ACADEMY CAN NOT TAKE MORE PUPILS, 1818.

        The friends and patrons of Salem Academy, are respectfully informed, that the crowded state of this Institution will not admit of our receiving new Pupils for some time hence. Two causes, in particular, have contributed in producing the present dilemma: 1st. The erroneous supposition, that many of our pupils who were taken home last fall, would not re-enter this School; and 2d. The unforeseen delays in obtaining additional room for the convenient accommodation of even an inferior number than the present. If acquiescence in the wishes of parents and guardians, too liberally extended, as the result has shown, involves us in very serious difficulties, may we not with some measure of assurance, claim a generous return of a similar display of good will toward us? Those of our respected friends therefore who have already obtained leave to place one or more Scholars into this Academy are frankly requested not to avail themselves of this permission, until apprized of our ability to receive them. This Institution, thank God! is again blessed with general good health. Its worthy patrons will be pleased to accept our grateful acknowledgments, for their confidence and good will hitherto evinced, and to assure themselves of our most respectful consideration.

        By order of the Board of Trustees,
BENJAMIN REICHEL, Act'g Inspector.

        Salem, N. C. Feb. 3, 1818.

        --Raleigh Register, February 20, 1818.

SALEM SCHOOL STILL CROWDED.

CIRCULAR.

        The Female Academy in Salem, Stokes county, N. C. being overcrowded to the great detriment of the Institution, as justice cannot possibly be done by the Tutoresses to such a number of pupils, not to mention the risk of endangering the health of the same, etc. The Trustees of the Academy deem it their duty, hereby to give notice to all, whom it may concern, that under twelve months at least no attention can be paid to any application for entering the names on the book as Candidates for the school. Moreover the said Trustees find themselves under the imperious necessity to request those parents, relatives, guardians, etc. of young ladies, who upon former application have received the promise of their admission in the course of this year, to defer bringing or sending them till further notice from the Inspector of Salem Academy, there being no prospect of the possibility of their admittance in the present year.

        JACOB VAN VLECK,
In the name and in behalf of the Trustees.

        Salem, July 7th.

        --Raleigh Register, July 24, 1818.


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SALEM SCHOOL FOR BOYS OPENS, 1826.

SALEM MALE ACADEMY.

        THE Public are respectfully informed, that the Trustees of the Female Academy at Salem, Stokes County, North Carolina, intend opening a BOARDING SCHOOL FOR BOYS, also, in the same place; in which all the branches of a good English Education will be taught--and besides that, the Latin, Greek, French and Spanish languages.

        The undersigned, on whom the superintendence of this School will devolve, begs further leave to state, that five competent Teachers will be employed for the various branches of instruction; and that every exertion will be made to render this institution worthy of the patronage and confidence of parents and guardians, by adopting and pursuing such a course of education and school discipline, as will be calculated to improve the mind, regulate the conduct, and preserve the health of the pupils. And while endeavoring to prepare them for a life of usefulness and respectability in this world, the higher concerns of eternity will not be lost sight of, but a conscientious care be taken, to imbue their minds with religious knowledge and impressions.

        The pupils will board and lodge under the same roof with their teachers, and be continually subject to their inspection.

        The School will commence, and be opened for the reception of scholars by the first of July next.

        Arrangements will be made to accommodate from thirty to forty pupils.

        The terms of admittance will be: Entrance money, $5. Board, including bedding, washing and tuition, embracing Reading, Grammar, Composition, Penmanship, Arithmetic, Mathematics, Book-keeping, Surveying, History and Geography, $35 per quarter, payable in advance; instruction in Latin, Greek, French, Spanish, Music and Drawing, each $3 per quarter. Books, stationary, and other contingent expenses, placed to account. Clothes found by the parents, or placed to account at their option. No pupils are admitted under eight, or above twelve years of age. Applications, mentioning name, age, &c. received by

        ANDREW BENADE,
Pastor of the Congregation at Salem, N. C.

        Salem, March 18.

        --Raleigh Register, May 19, 1826.

SALEM SCHOOL NOTICE, 1835.

SALEM (N. C.) BOARDING SCHOOL
For Young Ladies.

        The Trustees of this well known Establishment for the Education of Young Ladies, feeling truly grateful for the very great and increasing confidence of Parents, Guardians and other patrons of their Institution, are, at the same time, solicitous to preserve that high confidence,


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by endeavoring to accomplish their duties towards their pupils, and each individual among them, in the most conscientious manner. In order to attain this object, they must be enabled to keep up a due proportion between the number of their pupils and their own means for accommodating and instructing them.

        It is therefore most respectfully requested, that all those persons who wish to place Young Ladies under their care, will please give previous notice of such intention, and make application for a place in the Institution to the subscriber.

        By order of the Board of Trustees.

        JNO. C. JACOBSON, Inspector.

        Salem, Stokes county, N. C., July 20, 1835.

        --The Standard, Raleigh, N. C., July 31, 1835.

CLEMMONSVILLE ACADEMY IN 1837.

        The Trustees take this method of informing the public that the exercises of this Institution were resumed the 2d of this instant. It is still under the direction of Mr. W. W. Burrh and Miss E. J. W. Baker. Efforts are constantly making to render it more worthy of patronage, and we feel much pleasure in saying that no previous session has commenced with brighter prospects than the present.

        TRUSTEES.

        Clemmonsville, Davidson Co., N. C. Jan. 3, 1837.

        --Raleigh Star, January 26, 1837.

        [The above advertisement appeared in Southern Citizen, March 4, 1837. C. L. C.]


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FRANKLIN COUNTY SCHOOLS

LOUISBURG ACADEMY LEGISLATION, 1802.

        An Act to establish an Academy in the county of Franklin.

        WHEREAS, The establishing of Seminaries of Learning, for the purpose of educating youth is essential to the happiness and prosperity of the community, and therefore worthy of legislative attention:

        Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That John Hunt, Francis Taylor, Epps Moody, John Haywood, Joshua Perry, Archibald Davis, William Lancaster, Jeremiah Perry, junior, Richard Fenner George Tunstall, Green Hill, William Green, Alexander Falcon 1 and William Williams, junior, Esquires, and Major Jeremiah Perry, shall be and they are hereby declared to be a body politic and corporate, to be known and distinguished by the name of "The Trustees of the Franklin Academy," and by that name shall have perpetual succession; and they and their successors, by the name aforesaid, or a majority of them, shall be able and capable in law, to take, demand, receive and possess, all monies, goods and chattels that shall be given for the use of said Academy, and the same apply according to the will of the donor; and by gift, purchase or devise, to take, have, receive, possess, enjoy and retain, to them and their successors forever, any lands, rents, tenements of what kind or nature soever, in special trust and confidence, that the same or the profits thereof, be applied to and for the purpose of establishing and endowing the said Academy.

        1 Alexander Falconer.


        --Laws 1802, chapter XXXVIII.

MATTHEW DICKINSON OPENS FRANKLIN ACADEMY IN 1805.

        The Trustees of Franklin Academy inform the Public, that the said Academy will be opened on the first day of January next, for the Reception of Students on the following Terms, viz. That each Student shall pay to the Treasurer of the Academy, ten Dollars per Annum, for Instruction in Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, English Grammar, Geography, Belles Lettres and Rhetoric; and Sixteen Dollars for Instruction in Ethics and Metaphysics, the Latin, Greek, Hebrew, French and Italian Languages, and the higher Branches of Metaphysics and Philosophy, viz. Algebra, Geometry, Trigonometry, Conic Sections, Altimetry, Longimetry, Mensuration of Superficies and Solids, Surveying, Navigation, Natural Philosophy and Astronomy.

        The Trustees having employed Mr. Matthew Dickinson, from Yale College, Newhaven, as the Principal of their Academy, flatter themselves, from the Respectability of his Character, the universal Healthiness of the County, and the low Price of Board and Tuition, that they


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will acquire a large Number of Students, and that the Institution will be patronized by every Friend of Virtue and Literature.

        The Public may be assured that the strictest Attention will be paid to the Deportment and Morals of the Youth entrusted to the Care of the Principal.

        By Order of the Board,

        G. HILL, Clerk.

        December 15.

        --Raleigh Register, December 17, 1804.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY EXAMINATION IN 1805.

        The semi-annual Examination of the Students of the Franklin Academy, will commence on Tuesday the 2d of July next, when the Trustees will attend to review the Merit and Scholarship of each Student.

        On Wednesday, the succeeding day, the Young Gentlemen will deliver Orations selected for the occasion.

        The whole to conclude by the Exhibition of a Comedy and Farce, for the Benefit of the Academy. The Performance will begin at half after 7 o'clock P. M.

        By Order,

        G. HILL, Sec. of Board.

        Lewisburg, June 12.

        --From Raleigh Register, June 17, 1805.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY ANNOUNCEMENT FOR 1806.

         * * * The Trustees would inform the Public, that the Academy is still to continue under the direction of Mr. Dickinson, as Principal. The price of Tuition for the ensuing year will be Ten Dollars for Reading, Writing, Arithmetic and English Grammar; and Sixteen for the other branches of Education. In consequence of remissness in payments the present year, it is determined that future payments for Tuition shall be made to the Principal semi-annually in advance.

        --From the Raleigh Register, December 30, 1805.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY EXAMINATION, JULY, 1805.

        The Trustees of the Franklin Academy, with singular satisfaction, announce to the public the promising situation of the Institution. On the 2d inst. in the presence of a most numerous assemblage of ladies and gentlemen, the Students were examined in the English Grammar, Geography, and in the Latin and French Languages. On the 3d, they delivered select Orations and Dialogues: and in the evening acted a Play, in which they were assisted by some young Gentlemen in the neighborhood, for the benefit of the Academy. The whole was conducted with the utmost decorum and regularity, and the performances of the students very far exceeded the expectations of the Trustees. They cannot refrain from saying, that the highest eulogium is due to the exertions as well as to the abilities of Mr. Dickinson, the President. And the Trustees, from this experience of the progress made by the


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Students, can predict with much confidence, that the Franklin Academy will be among the most useful of our public institutions.

        John Haywood, Joshua Perry, Wm. Lancaster, Jeremiah Perry jun., Geo: Tunstall, Green Hill, Wm. Green, sen. Alex: Falconer, Wm. Williams, Jeremiah Perry, sen.

        TRUSTEES.

        --Raleigh Register, July 15, 1805.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY EXAMINATION, DECEMBER, 1805.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY.

        The Semi-annual Examination of the Students of this Academy will be holden on Tuesday the 3d of December next. On Wednesday the succeeding day, there will be an Exhibition of select Orations, Dissertations and Dialogues. These Exercises are to commence at 10 o'clock, A. M. In the evening of the same day will be exhibited by the Students, a Comedy and Farce for the Benefit of the Academy.

        G. HILL, Jun. Sec.

        It is expected that all Persons having Sons or Wards at this Academy, and being yet in Arrears, will pay the sums due for their Tuition, at or before the Exhibition.

        Lewisburg, Nov. 16, 1805.

        --From Raleigh Register, November 25, 1805.

ACCOUNT OF FRANKLIN ACADEMY EXAMINATION, DECEMBER, 1806.

        The Trustees of the Franklin Academy are happy in being able to announce to the Public the present flourishing situation of this institution, and the fair prospect of its rising to a much higher degree of eminence.

        On Tuesday the 3rd inst. in the presence of the Trustees and many other spectators, the Students were examined in the English Grammar and Geography, in the Latin, Greek and French languages, and in Algebra, Geometry, Trigonometry and Natural Philosophy. On Wednesday, the succeeding day, they delivered select Orations, Dissertations, and Dialogues and in the Evening exhibited a Comedy and Farce, for the benefit of the Academy.

        At their examination the Students acquitted themselves with great applause. In all their performances they exceeded the most sanguine expectations of the Trustees. The whole was conducted with that order and regularity which characterize a well regulated institution.

        At the close of the exercises, the sentiments of the Trustees were expressed by one of their number in the following address to the Students:

        "YOUNG GENTLEMEN,

        "I am requested, in behalf of the Trustees, to express their sentiments on your performances. We have great pleasure in declaring that they have given us much satisfaction, and equaled our fondest expectation.

        "Some of you have particularly distinguished yourselves; all of you


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have performed your parts exceedingly well, and are entitled to our approbation. Your examination yesterday, and your exhibition today, have evinced on your part great assiduity, and on the part of your Principal, unwearied attention.

        "We are happy to be informed that your conduct during the Session has been generally exceptionable, highly honorable to yourselves, pleasing to your Teachers, and peculiarly so to us. Pursue your studies with the same zeal and attention that you have hitherto manifested, and we can confidently predict that your exertions will be crowned with riches and honor.

        "We now take our leave of you with an ardent wish for your future prosperity and happiness, of which your attention and application are a sure pledge."

        The Trustees would inform the Public, that the Academy is still to continue under the direction of Mr. DICKINSON, as Principal. The price of Tuition for the ensuing year will be Ten Dollars for Reading, Writing, Arithmetic and English Grammar; and sixteen for the other branches of Education. In consequence of remissness in payments the present year, it is determined that future payments for Tuition shall be made to the Principal in advance.

        WILLIAM LANCASTER,
GEORGE TUNSTALL,
WILLIAM GREEN,
RICHARD FENNER,
COL. JEREMIAH PERRY,
GREEN HILL,
JEREMIAH PERRY,
ALEXANDER FALCONER,
Trustees present at the examination.

        Dec. 30.

        --Halifax Journal, January 6, 1806.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY COMMENCEMENT FOR 1807.

        The Franklin Academy will be opened on the first Monday in January next for the reception of Students. The Trustees are happy in being able to inform the public that they have prevailed with Mr. Dickinson to continue as principal of this Institution for the two ensuing years. The terms of Tuition will be ten dollars per annum for Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, and English Grammar, and sixteen dollars for the other branches of Education, the money paid semi-annually in advance. The price of board, lodging, washing, etc. will be about seventy dollars per annum. * * *

        Dec. 27.

        G. HILL, jun'r, Secretary.

        --Raleigh Minerva, January 5, 1807.

        [Also in Raleigh Register, December 22, 1806.]


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FRANKLIN ACADEMY UNDER DICKINSON AND MAYHEW.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY.

        The Exercises of the Academy will again commence on the first day of January next, and will continue the ensuing Year under the direction of Mr. Dickinson as Principal. Mr. Mayhew, a Gentleman who has received a classical Education at Williams College in Massachusetts, has fortunately been procured as an Assistant Teacher. * * *

        Lewisburg, Dec. 5th, 1807.

        GREEN HILL, jun. Sec.

        --Raleigh Register, December 17, 1807.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY EXAMINATION IN DECEMBER, 1807.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY.

        On Monday and Tuesday last, the semi-annual examination of the Students of this Academy took place. They were publicly examined before a Board of Trustees, in Geography, and in the English, Latin, Greek, and French Languages. The Trustees have much pleasure in announcing to parents, Guardians, and others concerned, that the examination, as heretofore, proved highly satisfactory. They cannot refrain from giving their particular applause and distinction to the classes in Greek and Geography, and to those most advanced in the Latin and French languages, and generally the Students acquitted themselves with much honor; manifesting their own application and improvement, and the abilities, assiduity, and unremitted attention of Mr. Dickinson, the principal.

        The Trustees have the further pleasure of adding, that during the three years that this Institution has been in operation, although attended by not less than seventy Students annually, the greatest order and decorum have prevailed.

        JORDAN HILL,
WM. GREEN,
RICHARD FENNER,
J. PERRY,
GEORGE TUNSTALL,
ALEX FALCONER,
CHARLES A. HILL,
GREEN HILL,
Trustees present.

        --Raleigh Minerva, December 17, 1807.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY EXAMINATION IN JUNE, 1808.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY.

        The annual Examination of the Students of this Seminary, commenced on Monday the 6th instant, and continued three days. It was attended by the Trustees and a numerous and respectable assemblage of ladies and gentlemen from various parts. The Trustees are happy


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in announcing to parents and guardians, and to the public in general, that in the course of the Examination, the Students acquitted themselves in a manner highly respectable to the board, manifesting great assiduity in their literary pursuits, while at the same time, during the session, they have evinced a strict conformity to the laws of the institution, and a moral deportment irreprehensible. At the close of the exhibition an appropriate Address in behalf of the Trustees, was delivered by the Rev. William Lancaster.

        The exercises of the ensuing session will commence on Monday the 27 instant. The price of tuition, board &c. as usual.

        By order,

        Louisburg, June 20, 1808.

        G. HILL, jun. Sec'ry.

        --The Minerva, Raleigh, June 23, 1808.

LOUISBURG AND ITS ACADEMY IN 1808.

        Wedn. Nov. 30th [1808] * * * Soon after my arrival [at Louisburg] I sent my name to Mr. M. Dickinson the principal of the Academy, who graduated at Yale one year before me. Dickinson soon came, took tea with me at Hill's. Spent 2 or 3 hours pleasantly; when we walked to his academy, a pleasant building on the hill about ¼ m. from the Village of Louisburg. We staid at his room about an hour, drank porter, read, talked and walked back to Hill's. L. is in a hilly part of the country has perhaps a dozen houses and 2 or 3 stores and mills on Tar river about as large as Farmington R. The shire town of Franklin Co. The County was named after Dr. F. and the village after Louis XVI at the time Dr. F. as our agent in the revolution went to F. and obtained supplies from the French. The river was thought (and is still thought by Mr. Dickinson) capable of being rendered navigable up here for boats at the time the town was built. The ground being hilly and the current bold, it would suit well for manufactures. Neuse River which I crossed about 12 or 15 miles back is a much larger stream. The Tar is navigable to Tarborough 50 m. below this. From 10 m. beyond Raleigh and onward this way the soil is more stony, the roads less even and the land better, though the greatest part is still barren. Old worn-out fields in abundance present a dreary decaying aspect. Mr. D. has acquired a very decent little estate since he first came here 4 years ago. He thinks himself worth between six and seven thousand dollars. The first year he had about seven hundred dollars--the next, the avails of his school 1000 Dlls--the next they amounted to 1500 and the last year to 1200. Besides this too he pays an Usher (Mayhew from Wms. Col.) 300 Dlls. But he has improved opportunities to speculate by lending say 600 Dlls. cash to a young Sportsman and taking a Bond for 1000. Till lately he owned a house and farm of more than three hundred acres, six slaves, and a quantity of stock, as horses, sheep and cattle. Lately he sold his land for 4000 Dlls. which was one thousand more than it cost him. He now keeps a Gig, two horses and a servant or two and designs


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in the spring to visit Conn. in this style. Dickinson says literature is much respected in these parts and literary men reverenced. The first year he came when he had no property and nothing to recommend him but his books and education, he received flattering testimonials of respect and was treated with equal civility as at present. When in Raleigh Gov. Turner sent him a polite note inviting him to dinner with the British Counsul, the Judge of the Fed. C. and several characters of eminence to all of whom he was introduced and by all of whom treated with respect. He says men of information and liberality respect literary men from principle and the rest of the community see in literary characters something so superior to themselves that they are impelled to homage. D. has had at times 90 students in his Academy. 20 or 30 or more as large and as old as himself. 20 once came at a time from the Univ. of N. C. having conceived disgust at the Monitorial law, imposing an oath on all by turns to act the part of spies on each other's conduct. He has taught all branches taught in colleges, except Conick Secns.

        [The above is copied from the Diary of Edward Hooker, a native of Farmington, Connecticut, who graduated at Yale in 1805. Hooker had been a tutor in S. C. College and was on his way to Yale to accept a similar position in 1808. The Diary is printed in the Annual Report of the American Historical Association for 1896, Vol. I. C. L. C.]

D. H. MAYHEW PRINCIPAL FOR 1809.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY.

        On Monday and Tuesday last the semi-annual examination of the students of this seminary took place, they were publicly examined before the Trustees and other Gentlemen, in Geography and in the English, Latin, Greek, and French Languages. The Trustees with much satisfaction announce to the public that the examination as usual proved highly satisfactory, manifesting the constant application and great improvement of the students, and the abilities and attention of the instructors.

        This Academy will again be opened on the first Monday in January next, for the reception of students, and will the ensuing year be under the direction of Mr. Davis H. Mayhew, as principal. From the approved abilities, acquirements and moral character of this gentleman we think we may confidently pronounce him well qualified for the arduous employment of instructing youth. The ensuing year, the students will be instructed in the same branches of education, which have formerly been taught in this institution; the prince of tuition as heretofore will be ten dollars per ann. for Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, and English Grammar, and sixteen dollars for the other branches of education, payable semi-annually in advance, board in genteel private houses can be procured for about seventy dollars per annum to be paid as for tuition.


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        From the low price of board and tuition, the healthiness of the county and the character of the principal, the Trustees flatter themselves that this institution will continue to meet with liberal encouragement.

        Louisburg, Dec. 10, 1808.

        G. HILL, Sec'ry.

        --The Minerva, Raleigh, December 29, 1808.

        [Matthew Dickinson severed his connection with the Franklin Academy at the end of the Year 1808, and entered upon the study of law.--C. L. C.]

DEATH OF MATTHEW DICKINSON.

        Died,

        In Franklin, on Sunday last, of a bilious fever which he had caught on a journey in the low country, Matthew Dickinson, Esq. Attorney at Law, formerly Principal of the Academy at Louisburg. Mr. D. was very highly and very deservedly respected by all who had the pleasure of his acquaintance.

        --Raleigh Register, September 21, 1809.

        Died,

        In Franklin county, on the 17 instant, after a short but distressing illness, Mr. Matthew Dickinson, in the 28th year of his age.

        Mr. Dickinson was a native of Somers, in Connecticut, and graduated at Yale College about 1804. He soon after came to this state and was placed at the head of the Franklin Academy.

        His learning, talents and industry soon acquired for the School a deservedly high reputation. His labours were crowned with every success that could be desired. While the Science and Literature of this state own themselves greatly his debtor, he had acquired by his meritorious exertions an estate quite sufficient to subserve the rational purposes of life. He had more than 12 months ago resigned his situation in the Academy, and was prosecuting the study of law. * * *

        In his death his friends and his country sustain no common loss. There are many who command our esteem and admiration, but we seldom meet with a Matthew Dickinson.

        --Raleigh Star, September 21, 1809.

JAMES BOGLE PRINCIPAL FOR 1810.

        The Trustees of the Franklin Academy have the pleasure to inform the Parents and Guardians of Children, that they have engaged as Principal of this Institution, Mr. James Bogle, who will enter on the duties of his appointment on the first day of January next. * * *

        The Trustees have in contemplation a plan for establishing a Library of the most useful books immediately. * * *

        Nov. 15, 1809.

        GREEN HILL, Sec.

        --Raleigh Register, December 14, 1809.


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EDITORIAL NOTICE OF FRANKLIN ACADEMY IN 1810.

THE LOUISBURG ACADEMY

        Is under the direction of Mr. Bogle as Principal. He is a man of genius, an excellent Classical Scholar, and to a very happy talent for instructing unites an uncommon zeal in the cause to which he is devoted. He is assisted by Mr. Crudup. The Academy has now between 45 and 50 Students. A respectable Library has lately been established there.

        --Raleigh Star, March 15, 1810.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1810.

        The Examination of the Students of the Franklin Academy will commence on the 3d Monday in June, and will continue 3 days. The third and fourth days will be occupied by Speeches and Theatrical Exhibitions. On the evening of Thursday, will be performed, for the advantage of the Academy, that celebrated Comedy, the "Man and Wife or More Secrets Than One," with an appropriate Farce.

        May 10, 1810.

        GREEN HILL, Sec'y.

        --Raleigh Register, May 17, 1810.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY EXAMINATION, DECEMBER, 1810.

        On Monday, the 3d of December, will commence the Semi-Annual Examination of the Students of the Franklin Academy.

        On the evening of Tuesday, the last day, the Young Gentlemen of the Academy, will perform the justly celebrated Comedy, called "Cheap Living," for the benefit of the Library lately established at that Institution.

        Nov. 12.

        GREEN HILL, Jun. Sec'y.

        --Raleigh Register, November 15, 1810.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY UNDER MAYHEW AND HILLMAN.

        The Examination of the Students of the Franklin Academy, took place on Monday and Tuesday last, the 4th and 5th instant. The Trustees are happy to announce to Parents, Guardians, and the patrons of this Institution, that the students generally passed a very excellent examination in the branches of education usually taught in the Seminary.

        The exercises of this Academy will again commence on the first Monday in January next, under the direction of Mr. Davis H. Maheu, as principal, whose superintendence of this Academy for the year 1809, gave the greatest satisfaction. Mr. Maheu will be assisted by Mr. Hillman, a young gentleman of talents and well qualified to teach the first branches of learning.

        The well known and highly approved talents of the Principal, the


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healthiness of the place, the cheapness of board and tuition, together with the advantages of a handsome library recently established at this Seminary, it is presumed will be sufficient incentives to a liberal share of public patronage.

        By Order,

        G. HILL, Jr. Sec.

        Louisburg, Dec. 15, 1810.

        --The Star, January 3, 1811.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY EXAMINATION, DECEMBER, 1811.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY.

        The semi-annual examination of the Students of this Institution will commence on Monday the 2d of December and will continue two days. On Tuesday evening will be exhibited the celebrated play "Who Wants a Guinea?" with an appropriate afterpiece entitled "Raising the Wind."

        --Raleigh Register, November 22, 1811.

MAYHEW AND HILLMAN PRINCIPALS FOR 1812.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY.

        The Students of this Institution were examined by the Trustees on Monday and Tuesday the 2nd and 3rd instant. Mr. Falconer, on their behalf, makes the following report: The Students in general passed handsome examinations--the more advanced classes distinguished themselves, particularly those who were examined in Virgil, Horace, and Cicero's Orations. All appeared to be well acquainted with the rudiments of the several Languages they had studied, which evinced the attention of Mr. Mayhew and Mr. Hillman to this essential part of Education. No Language can be understood or long remembered unless the first principles thereof are well impressed. The exercises of the Academy will again commence on the first Monday of January under the superintendence of Mr. Mayhew, the present principal.

        December 20.

        G. HILL, Jun. Sec'y.

        --The Star, January 3, 1812.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1812.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY.

        The semi-annual Examination of the Students of this Academy will commence the first Monday in June, and continue two days. On Wednesday, the 3d, there will be an Exhibition of Dialogues and select Orations, and on the evening of the same, will be performed that much and justly admired Play, "Fraternal Discord," with an appropriate afterpiece.

        G. HILL, Sec.

        May 11, 1812.

        --Raleigh Register, May 15, 1812.


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FEMALE DEPARTMENT ADDED TO FRANKLIN ACADEMY, 1813.

FEMALE ACADEMY.

        An Academy is opened in Lewisburg, Franklin county, where young ladies are instructed in Reading, Writing, English Grammar, Arithmetic, Geography, Astronomy, Painting and Music; also useful and Ornamental Needle-Work, of almost every description.

        Terms of Tuition.--Reading, Writing, English Grammar, Arithmetic and plain work, twenty dollars per annum. Reading, Writing, English Grammar, Arithmetic, Geography, Astronomy and Ornamental Needle Work, thirty dollars per annum. Music, fifty dollars per annum--Painting, twenty five dollrs per annum.

        --Raleigh Register, September 10, 1813.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1814.

        The Examination of the Students of the Franklin Academy will commence the 1st Monday in June, and continue two days. On Wednesday the 8th, there will be an exhibition of Dilalogues and Select Orations, and on the evening of the same day will be performed the celebrated play "The Sailors' Daughter," with an appropriate afterpiece.

        May 24th, 1814.

        G. HILL, Secretary.

        --Raleigh Register, May 27, 1814.

BIDS ASKED FOR FEMALE ACADEMY BUILDING, 1814.

        A House for a Female Academy,

        At Louisburg, 30 by 20 feet, two stories--11 and 9 feet pitch--two rooms above, 18 by 20, and 12 by 20, feet--three six-pannelled doors--four 18 and four 8 light windows below, and six 15 and four 8 light windows above--to be built of good hard timber--with two chimneys of brick or hewn stone, and underpinned with the same--to be ceiled within, and painted without, entire, will be let by the undersigned Commissioners, on Saturday the 2d day of July next, at Louisburg. Workmen are * * * required to complete work by the 25th of December next.

        RICHARD FENNER,
RICHARD INGE,
JOEL KING,
WM. MURPHY,
GREEN HILL,
Commissioners.

        Louisburg, June 6th, 1814.

        --Raleigh Register, June 24, 1814.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY UNDER JOHN B. BOBBITT, 1816.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY.

        The Undersigned Committee, have great pleasure in announcing to the public, and the friends of this seminary, that they have engaged as Principal Mr. John B. Bobbitt, a gentleman who has for some years


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superintended Literary Institutions, in which he has given very general satisfaction. This gentleman is a graduate of our own University, and is recommended as being well qualified to teach the English, Latin, Greek and French languages, together with the other branches of education usually taught in this Institution. The exercises of this Academy will commence on the first day of January next.

        RICHARD FENNER,
ALEX. FALCONER,
JOEL KING,
G. HILL, JR.,
Committee.

        December 21st, 1815.

        --Raleigh Star, December 29, 1815.

MISS PARTRIDGE TAKES CHARGE OF FEMALE ACADEMY.

LEWISBURG FEMALE ACADEMY.

        The exercises of this seminary will commence on the first day of January next, under the care of Miss Harriet Partridge, a lady from Massachusetts, eminently qualified for the important trust. * * * For Spelling, Reading, Writing and plain Needle Work, $4 per quarter--English Grammar, Arithmetic and Geography, $5 per do--Drawing, Painting and Embroidery, $6 per qr. payable in each case in advance. * * *

        ROB'T A. TAYLOR, Sec'ry.

        December 18, 1815.

DEATH OF ALEXANDER FALCONER, TRUSTEE OF FRANKLIN
ACADEMY.

        DIED,

        At the Glebe, in Franklin, on the 17th inst. Alexander Falconer, Esq. of a lingering illness occasioned by a stroke of the Paralysis. The deceased was a native of St. Andrews in Scotland, in which college he received a liberal and a classical education. His studies while at school were always rewarded by the approbation of his teachers; and the honorary distinctions, diplomas, etc. now in possession of his family, all bear testimony of the proficiency which he made in his scientific pursuits.

        --Raleigh Register, March 27, 1818.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1820.

        THE examination of the students of the Franklin male Academy, will commence on the twenty-ninth of the present month, and continue two days. Parents guardians, and friends to the Institution are respectfully invited to attend.

        Louisburg, May 8, 1820.

        SAM'L JOHNSON, Sec.

        --The Star, May 12, 1820.


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NOTICE.

        THE examination of the young Ladies of the Louisburg Female Academy, will commence on Wednesday the 31st instant, at which time, parents, guardians and those friendly to said institution are earnestly solicited to attend.

        R. A. TAYLOR, Secretary.

        Louisburg, May 2.

        --The Star, May 19, 1820.

RESULT OF EXAMINATION, FRANKLIN ACADEMY, JUNE, 1820.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY.

        THE examination of the Students of this Institution closed on Tuesday 30th ult. much to the satisfaction of the Trustees and those that attended. The several classes were critically examined on the various branches of education they had pursued during the session, and gave convincing proofs of close application on their part, and unremitted attention on the part of the Principal.

        The exercises of the Academy will commence again the 19th of the present month.

        SAML. JOHNSON, Sec'y.

        Louisburg, 6th June, 1820.

        --The Star, June 9, 1820.

ACCOUNT OF EXAMINATION OF FEMALE ACADEMY, 1820.

LOUISBURG FEMALE ACADEMY.

        THE examination of the students of this institution closed on Thursday the 1st day of June inst. The Trustees attending this examination, beg leave to submit the following Report.

        1st Class--Composed of M. G. Somerville, R. A. Perceval, E. T. Howze and A. S. Jones, were examined on Natural Philosophy. M G Somerville was deemed best, E T Howze was considered next, the other two performed very well and were preferred in the order of their names.

        2nd Class--Composed of M. G. Somerville, was examined on Chymistry. It would be doing injustice to Miss Somerville to withhold the highest meed of praise for the handsome manner in which she acquitted herself on this science.

        3d Class--R A Perceval, E T Howze, examined on the History of Europe. These young ladies acquitted themselves very handsomely, and were deemed equal.

        4th Class--M G Somerville, M B Hill, J E Fox, were examined on the History of Greece. This Class were very perfect and were deemed equal.

        5th Class--M G Somerville, examined on Rhetoric and acquitted herself very honorably.


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        6th Class--M G Somerville, R A Perceval, E T Howze, S L Jones, J E Fox, and M B Hill--examined on the history of America. M G Somerville, deemed best, the rest very good and equal.

        7th Class--S L Jones, H M E Hunter, M E Long, M E A Taylor, A S Jones, H S King, A G Rawlings, and O Perry--examined on the Geography of Europe. M E Long, M E A Taylor, and H S King were deemed best and equal, the others performed well.

        8th Class--M G Somerville, R A Perceval, J E Fox and M B Hill--examined on the Geography of the World--Misses Somerville and Perceval were deemed best--the others very good and equal.

        9th Class--H M E Hunter, S L Jones, E M Long, S H Jones, A S Jones, M E A Taylor, A Rawling and C T Somerville--examined on the Geography of South America--Misses S Jones, Long, Taylor and Rawlings, were considered best--the rest good and equal.

        10th Class--M G Somerville, S L Jones, J A S Outterbridge, J E Fox and A S Jones--This class performed very well and were distinguished in the order of their names.

        11th Class--M E Long, H M E Hunter, and C Perry--examined on the Geography of Asia, and were distinguished in the order of their names.

        12th Class--M E Long, M E A Taylor, S H King, and S Sills--examined on Arithmetic, and were considered best in the order of their names.

        13th Class-- J A S Outterbridge, M E A Taylor, S H King, C T Somervell--The three first best and equal.

        14th Class--M G Somerville, E T Howze, R A Perceval, S L Jones, M B Hill, and J E Fox--examined on reading, spelling, parsing, &c. The two first considered best in the order of their names--the others very good.

        15th Class--A G Rawlings, J A S Outterbridge, H M E Hunter, A S Jones--examined on Grammar, Parsing, &c. The two first considered best an equal--the others very good.

        16th Class--J A S Outterbridge, M E A Taylor, S H King, E M A Fox, E Yarbrough, and C T Somervell--examined on the introduction to Georgraphy, and of British America--The three first excelled in the order of their names, the others did well.

        17th Class--M E Long, M E A Taylor, S H King, E M Fox, M Perry, C Perry, E Yarbrough, and E T Somervell--examined on Reading, Spelling, Grammar, and Parsing--First named considered best. M E A Taylor, S H King, second best and equal--The others very good.

        18th Class--M S Massenburg, M R Thomas, E W Longgun--examined on Parsing, Spelling, Grammar, and Abbreviations--M R Thomas best--the others very good.

        19th Class--L D S Thomas, M S Fox, M A Fox, M C Taylor and E F Wynne. This class of small children was examined on Reading,


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Spelling, and Abbreviations. They all did very well, but L D S Thomas was particularly distinguished.

On Drawing & Painting.

        E T Howze, R A Percevall, M B Hill, and Jane E Fox, exhibited the best specimens. M G Somervell, H M E Hunter, M E A Taylor, excelled in Needle Work. R A Percevall, M G Somervell gave the handsomest evidences of penmanship.

        It would be doing a great injustice to Mr. Lataste, who has had charge of the music department, to withhold that approbation, which his professional talents so justly merit. The young ladies under his care gave the most satisfactory evidences of their progress in this elegant branch of polished learning. The trustees feel it a duty which they owe to the friends and patrons of this Institution, and a tribute due from themselves, to remark that this examination throughout, gave the most unequivocal evidences of the qualifications, assiduity and attention of Mrs. Bobbett, the principal under whose auspices, the good morals and regular discipline of the students have been no less objects of attention than their literary advancement.

        The exercises of this institution will again commence on Monday the 19th inst. under the care of Mrs. Bobbett as principal. The music will be superintended by Mr. Lataste.

        By Order,

        ROB'T A. TAYLOR, Sec'y.

        5th June, 1820.

        --The Star, June 16, 1820.

EXAMINATIONS, NOVEMBER, 1820.

LOUISBURG FEMALE ACADEMY.

        THE semi-annual examination of the young Ladies of this institution, will commence on Wednesday the 29th of November next, and close on the Thursday following, when parents, guardians, and others who feel an inclination to attend, are earnestly solicited to favor us with their Company.

        R. A. TAYLOR, Sec'y.

        Louisburg, N. C. 31st October, 1820.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY.

        THE examination of the Students of this institution, will commerce on Monday 27th of November next, and continue two days. Parents, Guardians, and friends to the Institution are respectfully invited to attend.

        SAM'L JOHNSON, Sec'y.

        29th October, 1820.

        --The Star, November 3, 1820.

ADMINISTRATION OF MISS BENEDICT AND MR. WHEELER.

LOUISBURG MALE AND FEMALE
ACADEMIES.

        THE Trustees have great pleasure in announcing to the public, that the exercises of these institutions will commence on the 1st Monday of


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January next; the Female, under the superintendence of Miss Ann Benedict, of the genius and acquirements of this lady, the Trustees are enabled by the best recommendation, to speak in decisive terms; she has taught with reputation, not only in Connecticut, but in the city of New York, which latter place, she leaves only, because of the expensiveness of her situation there. As far therefore, as natural powers, improved by the study and practice of teaching can avail, it may be with confidence expected, that she will preside over the institution honorably to herself and profitably to the pupils. The Trustees may venture, on the best grounds, to assure parents that under the able governance of this lady, their daughters will make great progress, not only in those desirous studies which contribute to the dignity and usefulness of life, but in those polite and elegant acquirements which constitute its ornament and grace. Mr. John La Taste, whose known and universally acknowledged qualifications in teaching music upon the Forte Piano, as well as his graceful and elegant manner of teaching dancing, will preside in these departments.

        In the Male Academy, the Trustees have great pleasure in announcing that they have employed Mr. Fitch Wheeler, a graduate of Yale College, who comes highly recommended by the President of the institution, and they assure the public, that from the capacity and talents of Mr. Wheeler, every advantage may be expected which is looked for from an academy, & that the plan of education is calculated to prepare young gentlemen for the University.

        The terms of tuition in both institutions are as formerly; but board can be had in the most respectable families in town at reduced prices.

        December 13, 1820.

        SAMUEL JOHNSON, Sec'y.

        --The Star, December 15, 1820.

GEORGE PERRY PRINCIPAL.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY.

         * * * The exercises of the Academy will again commence on the 23d of June under the superintendence of Mr. George Perry as Principal. A play, with an appropriate afterpiece will be performed at the Academy on Tuesday evening the 3d of June.

        Louisburg, May 14, 1823.

        SAM'L JOHNSON, Sec.

        --Raleigh Star, May 16, 1823.

ADDISON H. WHITE PRINCIPAL.

FRANKLIN ACADEMY.

        The Trustees of this Institution take pleasure in announcing to the friends of the Institution and the public at large that they have engaged as Principal in this Academy, for the ensuing year, Mr. Addison H. White, a gentleman of good moral character and high literary acquirements.


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Mr. White is a graduate of Yale College, and comes well recommended by the President of that University. * * *

        The Students will be instructed in the following branches of Education: to wit, Reading, Writing, Spelling, Arithmetic, English Grammar, Geography, the Latin and Greek Languages, with the pronunciation of the French, Algebra, Geometry, Plane and Spherical Trigonometry, Mensuration of Heights and Distances, Superficies and Solids, Navigation and Surveying, Natural and Moral Philosophy, Chymistry, etc. * * *

        SAM'L JOHNSON, Sec'y.

        Dec. 8, 1823.

        --Raleigh Star, December 12, 1823.

MISS RAMSEY IN CHARGE OF FEMALE ACADEMY.

LOUISBURG FEMALE ACADEMY.

        THE Examination of the Pupils in this Institution closed on the 2d inst.

        The Trustees cannot forbear expressing the very high gratification which this examination afforded them, for never in the pupils of any Academy did they witness a more perfect acquaintance with the various branches of learning usually taught in such institutions, a proficiency which, while it claims for the young ladies unlimited praise for their industry, reflects equal credit upon the skill and management of Miss Ramsey, their amiable Preceptress.

        The Trustees can now with confidence recommend this institution to the patronage of a generous public, having engaged Miss Ramsey, the present Preceptress for another year, a lady who unites to qualifications of the highest order, manners the most affable and engaging.

        The Trustees believe that taking into view the high qualifications of the preceptress, the healthiness of the situation, the low rate of board, and the advantages of regularly attending divine worship, this institution presents to the public claims not surpassed by any in the State.

        The Exercises of the Academy will be opened the 1st Monday in January next.

        WILLIAM ARENDELL, Sec'y.

        Louisburg, December 20.

        N. B.--Board can be had with any family in town at $40 per session.

        --Raleigh Register, December 24, 1824.

LOUISBURG FEMALE ACADEMY.

        THE Examination of the Pupils in this Institution closed on the 8th instant, entirely to the satisfaction of the Trustees and of the parents and guardians who attended the same.

        The Exercises of the School will recommence on the 1st Monday of January next, under the superintendence and direction of Miss Ramsey


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of New York, who has presided in the institution for the last two years, with distinguished ability, zeal and industry.

        WM. PLUMMER,
Sec'y to the Board of Trustees.

        Louisburg, N. C., December 17.

        --Raleigh Register, December 30, 1825.

E. BREWER'S ADMINISTRATION.

        THE Trustees of this Academy take pleasure in informing the public that they have engaged as principal in this institution for the ensuing year, Mr. Eliah Brewer, of Massachusetts. This gentleman was graduated at Yale College, in the fall of 1824, and comes well recommended by the President of that Institution, as a man of scientific and literary attainments, of good moral and christian character, and well qualified in every respect for the various departments of academical instruction.

        The Trustees tender their warmest acknowledgements to a generous public, for the support heretofore given to this Institution, and can but indulge the pleasing hope, that from the high qualifications of the Teacher, the healthiness of the situation, and the low price of Board and Tuition, this Academy will continue to receive a liberal share of public patronage. Terms of Tuition will be--for Spelling, Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, and English Grammar, $8 per session--The dead languages and all other branches of education, $10 per session. The exercises of the Academy will commence on the first Monday in January next. By order,

        Dec. 24.

        SAML. JOHNSON, Sec.

        --Raleigh Register, December 30, 1825.

ACADEMIC INSTRUCTION.

        THE next session of the Franklin Male Academy will commence on Monday the 26th of June. The terms of tuition will be as follows--For the elementary branches, Reading, Writing, and Spelling, eight dollars--for Geography, English Grammar, Arithmetic, American History, ten dollars, and fifteen dollars for the Latin and Greek Languages, Mathematics and other studies preparatory to the American Colleges, or pursued in them.

        ELIAH BREWER, Preceptor.

        Louisburg, N. C., June 17.

        --Raleigh Register, June 20, 1826.

THE EXERCISES OF THE FRANKLIN

        Male Academy, will be resumed on Monday the 18th instant.

        The Session of six months. Terms as follows: For the rudiments of English, as Reading, Spelling, &c. $7. Geography, Arithmetic, Grammar, &c. $10. For the Languages and higher branches of the Mathematics, $15, in advance. At the close of the session a small tax on each


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student for the expense of fuel and contingencies. Instructors sometimes promise, what otherwise would be equally obligatory on them, and be expected by every patron of their schools--an honest and faithful discharge of duty. Non premittitur inutile est.

        Louisburg, June 13.

        ELIAH BREWER.

        --Raleigh Register, June 15, 1827.

CHARLES A. HILL'S ADMINISTRATION.

MALE ACADEMY,
LOUISBURG, FRANKLIN COUNTY.

        THE subscriber having contracted with the Trustees of this Institution, to superintend the same for the ensuing year, will give his particular and personal attention to the instruction of such youths as may to intrusted to his charge. His long experience in teaching, authorizes him to say that there shall be no grounds for complaint of his attention, both to the progress of his pupils in useful knowledge and to their moral deportment. The terms of tuition are,

        For Reading, Writing and Arithmetic per session--$8.

        For all other branches usually taught at Academies and Colleges--$10.

        The subscriber would take to board with him, ten or a dozen students at $40 per session.

        Nov. 12, 1827.

        C. A. HILL, A. M.

        --Raleigh Register, January 4, 1828.

LOUISBURG MALE ACADEMY.

        THE Examination of the pupils of this Institution will take place on Wednesday and Thursday, the 4th and 5th of June. There will be public speaking at 11 o'clock on Thursday, and an Exhibition by candle light in the evening, by the students.

        The exercises of the Academy will be renewed on Monday, the 16th June, under the immediate superintendence and instruction of the subscriber, whose plan of Education accords with that at our University.

        
Board, (with the subscriber) $40 per Session
Tuition 10 per Session

        Both payable in advance.

        May 20, 1828.

        C. A. HILL, A. M.

        --Raleigh Register, May 27, 1828.

MISS RAMSEY CONTINUES IN CHARGE OF FEMALE ACADEMY.

LOUISBURG FEMALE ACADEMY.

        The trustees are gratified to announce to the public, that this institution will be opened on the 1st Monday of January next, under the immediate superintendence of Miss Mary Ramsey, assisted in the department of music and painting by her niece, Miss Mary Earl.


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        This Academy is situate in a healthy and pleasant country, and in the midst of a moral and religious society, and the terms for board being extremely moderate and suited to the times, the trustees confidently indulge the hope that the acknowledged talents and industry of the preceptress and her assistant will secure to the institution a liberal share of public patronage.

        By order of the Board.

        W. PLUMMER, Sec'ry.

        December 20, 1830.

        --The Star, December 23, 1830.

MR. AND MRS. JOHN B. BOBBITT RETURN.

Louisburg Male and Female
ACADEMIES.

        The Trustees take great pleasure in informing the public, that they have engaged Mr. John B. Bobbitt and lady to take charge of these institutions for the ensuing year. Mr. and Mrs. Bobbitt have been long and extensively known as teachers of youth, and in a former engagement, for several years in these Academies, gave entire satisfaction to the Trustees and to the parents and guardians of the pupils committed to their charge. The Academies are beautifully situated in a high and healthy country, and in the midst of a moral and religious society; and when to these considerations are added the distinguished qualifications of the preceptor and preceptress, and the low prices of board and tuition, the Trustees feel justified in saying that no institutions in the State can have higher claims to public patronage. The schools will be opened on the 1st day of January next.

        Nov. 25, 1831.

        SAM'L JOHNSON, Sec.

        The editor of the Tarborough Free Press will publish the above four weeks, and forward his account to the subscriber.

        S. J.

        --The Star, Raleigh, December 2, 1831.

EXAMINATION, NOVEMBER, 1832.

        The Examination of the Students in the Academies at Louisburg commenced on Monday the 26th ult. and closed on the Wednesday following. In the Male Department the Examination was conducted by the Trustees, assisted by the Rev. J. McCutchen, of Washington College, Va. whose literary acquirements both as a linguist and mathematician, are extensively known in the neighborhood of that Institution, and also of Hamden Sidney College. On the occasion, the several classes evinced, with some few exceptions, a share of scholarship seldom surpassed in any Institution.

        In the Female Department, the young ladies were critically examined on all the useful and ornamental branches of female education, and the result satisfied the Board of Trustees, and the numerous assemblage of spectators from the several counties around, of universal attention


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on the part of the Preceptress and her worthy assistant, Miss Mary Ann Spencer, and of great industry and application on the part of every pupil.

        The exercises of the two Schools will commence again the first Monday in January next, under the management of the same Principals, whose intention it is to employ able assistants, as soon as the number of students exceed twenty in each Academy. In the male Academy, it is the wish of the Principal, as well as of the Trustees, that no young man enter of idle and dissipated habits. All such, after reasonable efforts to reclaim them, will be dismissed from the School.

        Board may be obtained in respectable families as low as in any other village in our State. Tuition in the Male Academy, which is to be paid in advance, is $30 for classical scholars, and $20 for English, per annum; and no student will be taken for a shorter time than a session, without a previous understanding with the Principal on the subject.

        By order,

        S. JOHNSON,
Secretary.

        Louisburg, N. C., Dec. 2, 1832.

        --The Star, December 23, 1832.

EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1834.

LOUISBURG FEMALE ACADEMY.

        The examination of the students of this Academy closed on the 3rd instant. It was attended by the trustees and a large assemblage of ladies and gentlemen as visitors. The proficiency evinced on this occasion by the young ladies, the trustees take great pleasure in stating, evidenced in a high degree the assiduity and superior skill for which the preceptress has been so long distinguished. Mrs. Bobbitt has had, with some intermission, the charge of the Female Institution at this place for many years; and with her return to the management of the School, the trustees have, with the highest gratification, witnessed the success, and they may say, the expected success, of her eminently useful efforts; and this pleasure is enhanced by the prospect of durability to the institution, which is now entertained from the circumstance that Mrs. B. is permanently located in Louisburg.

        The advantages now presented by this institution are such as to induce the trustees to recommend it in a high degree to public patronage. All the useful and ornamental branches of female education are taught in this Academy, and Mrs. B. is prepared to take under her immediate charge, as boarders, many of the young ladies. In genteel families, convenient to the Academy, board also may be obtained on moderate terms.

        The exercises of the School will be resumed on the 7th of July next, under the management of the same instructress, with competent assistants.

        By order of the Board,

        JNO. D. HAWKINS, Pres't.

        ROBERT J. SHAW, Sec.

        June 11th, 1834.


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        After the examinations had closed, the students of each School were assembled in the Female Academy building, where an able address was made to them by Col. Henry J. G. Ruffin, who portrayed portrayed to their view, in very interesting colors, the advantages of education, of good deportment, and of those useful qualities, which it was expected of them to acquire, and to practice in after life.

        June 11, 1834.

        JNO. D. HAWKINS, Chairman.

        --The Star, Raleigh, June 26, 1834.

LOUISBURG MALE ACADEMY.

        The examination of the students of this Academy, which is under the immediate superintendence of Mr. JOHN B. BOBBITT, closed on the 2d instant, and was attended by the trustees and many visitors, all of whom witnessed, with great interest, the proficiency of the scholars in the various departments of Literature.

        Mr. B. has great experience as a teacher, and his success always insures him a good school; and the trustees, under a thorough conviction of his great proficiency as an instructor, earnestly recommend him to public patronage. His permanent location, also, in Louisburg, presents the advantages of his powers and skill, in a high degree, to the youth who may be committed to his care.

        The course of studies in this institution embraces the Latin, Greek and French Languages, and all the sciences taught in our University; and to the morals and good deportment of the students committed to his charge, unremitted attention will be paid by the Principal.

        The Schools will commence again the first Monday in July next. Board may be obtained, on moderate terms, in respectable families near the Academy.

        By order of the Board,

        SAMUEL JOHNSON, Sec.

        --The Star, Raleigh, June 26, 1834.

ACCOUNT OF EXAMINATION IN NOVEMBER, 1835.

LOUISBURG ACADEMY.

        The Examination of the Students of the Male and Female Schools at this place, closed on Thursday the 29th ult. In the Male department, the examination was conducted by the Rev. James Wood of Prince Edward, whose literary acquirements are extensively known,--in the female school, Messrs. Robert Shaw, Nathaniel Patterson, and William Battle, Trustees, presided. In the address made by Messrs. Wood and Battle, to the respective Schools at the close of the examinations, was expressed high approbation of the performances of the Pupils. The next session will commence 9th January next. By order,

        Dec. 1, 1835.

        JNO. B. BOBBITT.

        --The Star, December 5, 1835.


Page 106

ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1837.

LOUISBURG ACADEMIES.

        The Male and Female Institutions at this place closed their Sessions on the 26th ult. and the exercises will be again commenced on the 2d day of January next, under the same Instructors.

        Board may be procured, on moderate terms, say from $40 to $55 per session, in the houses of Messrs. Smith Patterson, Gray Edwards, Thomas G. Stone, W. H. Battle, Mrs. Ann Thomas, and others.

        Tuition fees in the Male Department will be $15 per Session; in the Female $10 per Session, with the exception of Music, which is a separate charge--$20 per Session.

        The Trustees of these Schools hold out as inducements, the low price of Board, the known healthiness of the Village and its vicinity, the local situation of the Academies (being sufficiently remote from the business part of the town) and the orderly deportment of the Students, both Male and Female; not an instance of insubordination having occurred the present or last year, requiring the intervention of the Trustees, or a serious apprehension from the Principals.

        7th Dec. 1836.

        BY ORDER OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES.

        --The Register, December 13, 1836.

ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1838.

LOUISBURG ACADEMIES, N. C.

        The Second Session in these Schools closed on the 27th ult. and the next Session will commence on the first day of January, under the same Instructors.

        The very liberal share of patronage extended to these Institutions, for the last several years, induces the Trustees to look for a continuance of the same.

        Board for young Ladies may be obtained, with the Preceptress, at $40 per Session, without any extra charge. Other families in the village and vicinity will also take males and females as boarders, at or about the same rates.

        Tuition in the Female Department, as follows:

        
  Per Session.
For lower branches $10
Higher branches, as Painting and Embroidery 15
Music (a separate charge) 20
Latin and French 15

        In the Male Department there is no variation in Tuition Fees--$15 per Session being the regular charge for each Classical or English Student.

        BY ORDER OF THE BOARD.

        Dec. 19, 1837.

        --Raleigh Register, December 23, 1837.


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HICKORY GROVE SEMINARY, 1813.

EDUCATION.

        The Subscribers take this method to announce to the public, that the Exercises of the Hickory Grove Seminary in Franklin county, ten miles above Louisburg, will again commence on the 10th of January next, under the care of the former Teacher (Mr. Bobbitt,) where will be taught Latin, Greek, French and English in all their various branches. * * *

        ABRAHAM MCLEMORE,
GIDEON GLENN,
ROBERT GILL,
JOHN STONE,
WM. P. TAYLOR,
JAMES JONES.

        --Raleigh Register, December 17, 1813.

        ["Mr. Bobbitt" likely means John B. Bobbitt.--C. L. C.]

MIDWAY ACADEMY, 1822.

        The Rev. C. A. Hill, A. M. having purchased a plantation with suitable buildings thereon near the middle ground between Warrenton and Louisburg, will open a Boarding School on the first day of January next, at the low price of One Hundred Dollars per annum for Board and Tuition, and no extra charges. * * *

        October 20.

        --Raleigh Register, October 26, 1821.

        [Was at Warrenton till January, 1822.--C. L. C.]

MIDWAY ACADEMY PREPARES FOR THE UNIVERSITY.

MIDWAY ACADEMY,
Franklin County, North Carolina.

        THE Examination will take place on Thursday and Friday the 6th and 7th of June. Public Speaking on Friday at 11 o'clock A. M. The Public are respectfully invited to attend. The Exercises of the School will be resumed on Monday, 17th June.

        The course of classical studies is so arranged as to constitute Midway Academy preparatory to our University. It is situate on the land of the subscriber, who is Principal. He has enlarged his buildings, so that he will be able to accommodate a larger number of boarders next session than the present. Young men will lodge in the Academy and small boys with the Principal and his family. This establishment is near the middle ground between Louisburg and Warrenton, possessing all the advantages of excellent water and a healthy, retired situation, remote from any place to invite dissipation or extravagance.

        Tuition is $10 per Session.


Page 108

        Board is $40 per Session, which includes all necessaries, except candles. The Principal will keep a constant supply of Books, Stationary and Candles, at the Petersburg retail prices, subject to the orders of parents and guardians.

        May 14.

        CHAS. A. HILL, A. M.

        --Raleigh Register, May 17, 1822.

MIDWAY EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1822.

MIDWAY ACADEMY,
Franklin County, N. Carolina.

        The Examination of the Students of this Institution took place on Thursday and Friday the 6th and 7th instant--which closed the first Session. The Exercises will be resumed on Monday the 17th inst. The Trustees deem it sufficient to say, that under a very close examination, on Spelling, Reading, Arithmetic, English Grammar, Geometry and Algebra; on the whole course of Latin and Greek, the young Gentlemen acquitted themselves with the highest credit, which is the best testimonial both of the assiduity of the Students and of the abilities of the Rev. C. A. Hill, A. M. Principal of the Academy.

        JOHN BRODIE, Prest.

        WM. WILLIAMS,
FRANCIS PUGH,
W. D. JONES,
H. G. WILLIAMS,
Trustees.

        June 8, 1822.

        --Raleigh Register, June 21, 1822.

MIDWAY EXAMINATION, NOVEMBER, 1822.

MIDWAY ACADEMY,
Franklin County, N. Carolina.

        THE Trustees of the Academy, Parents, Guardians, and the Public, are respectfully invited to attend the Examination, which will take place on Tuesday and Wednesday the 12th and 13th of November. The Exercises of the School will be resumed on the first Monday of January next, under the superintendence of the subscriber, at $50 per Session for board and tuition.

        Oct. 20, 1822.

        C. A. HILL, A. M., Principal.

        --Raleigh Register, November 1, 1822.


Page 109

MIDWAY ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1823.

MIDWAY ACADEMY,
Between Louisburg and Warrenton.

        THE Examination took place on the 12th and 15th inst., which closed the second Session. The exercises of the School will be resumed on the first Monday in January, under the superintendency of the subscriber, with suitable Assistants. The course of Education at our University is strictly pursued, in preparing Students for any of the classes of College.

        Board including every necessary but Candles $40 per Session. Tuition $10.

        Books, Stationary, and Candles, furnished at the Petersburg retail prices, when requested by parents and guardians.

        Midway yields to no part of the State in point of health, having escaped during the present years without a single case of fever, notwithstanding the very general prevalence of sickness, even in the most healthy places.

        The subscriber pledges himself to continue that attention to the literary proficiency and moral deportment of his pupils, which has hitherto given such general satisfaction to his patrons.

        Nov. 20, 1822.

        C. A. HILL, A. M.

        --Raleigh Register, December 6, 1822.

MIDWAY UNDER HILL AND PERRY.

MIDWAY ACADEMY,

        In Franklin county--10 miles from Louisburg and 15 miles from Warrenton.

        THE Examination of the Students will take place on Thursday and Friday the 6th and 7th of November. There will be public Speaking on the last day at about 11 o'clock, A. M. The public are respectfully invited to attend.

        The Exercises of the Academy will be resumed on the first Monday in January next, under the superintendence of the Subscriber, aided by Mr. George B. Perry, who has before assisted the subscriber in Warrenton, and has had the charge of the Hilliardston and Louisburg Academies for the last four or five years, where he has given very general satisfaction.

        Prices as heretofore, viz:

        
Board with all necessaries except candles $40 per session.
Tuition $10 per session.

        Oct. 20, 1823.

        C. A. HILL, A. M.

        --Raleigh Register, October 24, 1823.


Page 110

MIDWAY ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1824.

MIDWAY ACADEMY,

        Franklin County--15 miles from Warrenton and 10 miles from Louisburg.

        The Exercises of this Institution will be resumed on the first Monday in January, under the direction of the Subscribers. * * * The course of Education is regulated by that of our University, and candidates may be prepared to enter any class in college. * * *

        C. A. HILL, A. M. Princ'l.

        GEO. B. PERRY.

        Dec. 8th, 1823.

        --Raleigh Register, December 16, 1823.

MIDWAY ACADEMY BURNS.

MIDWAY ACADEMY DESTROYED BY FIRE!

        Messrs. Gales & Son,

        As it is possible that the report of the destruction of my Academy by fire, may produce uneasiness and alarm with those parents and guardians of the pupils who resided in the Academy, I feel it my duty, through the medium of the Register, to assure them, that little or no loss has been sustained except the building itself. * * *

        As to a continuation of study, I procured the dwelling house of a near neighbor, on the next day, for a school house, and the misfortune produced the loss of one day only. On the second day after the fire, the foundation for rebuilding the Academy was laid, and I expect to resume business in the Academy on the 16th instant.

        The alarm of fire was given from the Academy at about 1 o'clock on Sunday night, the 1st of February. * * *

        Feb. 5.

        C. A. HILL.

        --Raleigh Register, February 10, 1824.

MIDWAY ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1825.

MIDWAY ACADEMY,
Franklin County, N. C.

        THE Exercises of this Institution will be resumed, under the immediate instruction of the subscriber, on the first Monday of January next, at the usual price, viz. Fifty dollars per session for Board and Tuition, paid in advance.

        The course of studies at Midway is regulated by that of the University; so that this Academy serves as preparatory to the different classes at College.

        C. A. HILL.

        Dec. 2.

        --Raleigh Register, December 10, 1824.


Page 111

MIDWAY UNDER HILL AND HILL.

MIDWAY ACADEMY,
Franklin County, N. C.

        THE Exercises of this Institution will be again resumed on the first Monday in January next, under the immediate instruction of the Subscriber, assisted by his son DANIEL S. HILL. The course of Studies will be conformable to the plan of Education as adopted at our University. As the Subscriber is preparing his buildings for a permanent establishment, and will devote himself entirely to the duties of his School, parents may rest assured that every exertion shall be made to advance his pupils both in moral and intellectual improvement. Board will be $40, and tuition $10 per session, payable in advance.

        Midway is situated two miles below the main Stage Road, ten miles from Louisburg, sixteen miles from Warrenton & four from the Shocco Springs. For health, it is exceeded by no situation in the State: for 4 years, there were from forty to sixty Students, and not a case of fever occurred. Should, however, medical aid be required, the attention of Dr. John Brodie, whose skill as a physician is inferior to none in the State, will be at hand, as he resides within two miles of Midway. The Students will be barred from exposure to extravagance and dissipation, as there is not a store or gill-shop within five miles of the Academy.

        In the government of Midway Academy, the Principal will pursue that course which he would with his own children. He will advise and admonish; where these fail, the rod will be resorted to, but with parental prudence. When any pupil shall be deemed incorrigible in disorderly conduct, or habitually inattentive to his studies, his parent or guardian will be immediately informed thereof.

        Letters to the Principal or Students must be directed to Louisburg, N. C.

        CHARLES A. HILL, A. M.

        Nov. 6th, 1828.

        --Raleigh Register, November 14, 1828.

MIDWAY EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1829.

MIDWAY ACADEMY,
Franklin County, N. C.

        THE Examination will take place on Wednesday and Thursday, 3d and 4th of June; on the latter day, a number of the Students will deliver select Orations. To all which, Parents, Guardians and the Public, are respectfully invited.

        The Second Session will commence on Monday 15th June, under the superintendence and instruction of the subscribers.

        Board and Tuition $50 per Session, payable in advance.

        C. A. HILL, A. M.

        D. S. HILL.

        May 5th, 1829.

        --Raleigh Register, May 26, 1829.


Page 112

MIDWAY WILL HAVE HILL'S WHOLE TIME.

MIDWAY ACADEMY,
Franklin County, N. C.

        THE Subscriber avails himself of the earliest opportunity to inform his friends, & the public in general, that he has declined all public pursuits, and will hereafter devote his attention entirely to the charge of this Institution. The necessity which compels him to adopt this course, is the surest guarantee for the faithful performance of his duty. He will be assisted by his son Daniel S. Hill. Here will be taught all the studies preparatory to any class in the University of this State. The exercises of the Academy will be resumed on Monday the 29th inst. at $40 per session for board, and $10 per session for tuition. The subscriber is prepared to accommodate the boarders, as usual, in his own family. As at this place, there are no temptations to extravagance, the students have occasion for very little pocket money; too much of this, always leads to idleness and dissipation.

        June 12th, 1829.

        C. A. HILL, A. M.

        The Editors of the Raleigh Star, the Tarboro' Free Press, and Halifax Minerva are requested to give the above three insertions and forward their accounts to the subscriber.

        --Raleigh Register, June 23, 1829.

MIDWAY ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1830.

MIDWAY ACADEMY,
Franklin County, North Carolina.

        THE Examination of the Students of this Institution, will take place on Wednesday and Thursday, the 9th and 10th of June. On Thursday at 11 o'clock, A. M. Public Speaking by the Students. Parents, Guardians and the Public are respectfully invited to attend.

        The second Session will begin on the following Monday, at the usual terms, viz:

        Board per Session, $40 payable in advance.

        Tuition per Sesison, 10 payable in advance.

        The Students must furnish their own candles and bed clothes--or they will be furnished by the Principal--candles at twenty cents per lb. and $2.50 per Session for bed clothes. The above include all necessary expenses, except books and stationary. These, where required, can be supplied by

        C. A. HILL, A. M.
Principal.

        May 18, 1830.

        The Star, Newbern Spectator, Roanoke Advocate, and Warrenton Reporter, will please give the above three insertions, and forward their accounts to the subscriber.

        --Raleigh Register, May 24, 1830.


Page 113

MIDWAY ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1831.

MIDWAY ACADEMY,
Franklin County.

        THE EXAMINATION will take place on Tuesday and Wednesday, the 7th and 8th of June. On the latter day, about thirty of the Students will deliver select Speeches. The public are respectfully invited to attend.

        The second Session will commence on Monday the 20th of June and close on Friday the 11th of November.

        Having lately enlarged his accommodations, the Subscriber will be prepared to receive a few more pupils than hitherto. His price for Board is Forty Dollars and Tuition $10, per Session, payable in advance, and where the Students do not furnish their own bed-clothes, there is an additional charge of $2.50 per Session.

        The Academy is under the full control of the Subscriber, who takes upon himself the duties of a parent as well as of teacher.

        May 15, 1831.

        C. A. HILL, M. A.

        The Raleigh Star, Roanoke Advocate, and Tarborough Free Press, will please insert the above three times, and forward their accounts to the Subscriber.

        C. A. HILL.

        --Raleigh Register, Thursday, May 26, 1831.

DEATH OF C. A. HILL; NEW ADMINISTRATION.

MIDWAY ACADEMY,
Franklin County, N. C.

        The exercises of this institution, which have been suspended for some time in consequence of the death of the late Principal, Rev. C. A. Hill, will be resumed under the superintendence of the subscriber on the first Monday in January next.

        The course of studies will be preparatory to college. Instruction will also be given to such as desire it in the French, Spanish and Italian languages. Prices of board and tuition as heretofore, viz.

        Tuition $10 per session of 5 months.

        Board 40 per session of 5 months.

        Mrs. Hill, who resides at the place, will be prepared to accommodate any number of boarders that may apply. All who board with her, will be under the control of the teacher, as well out of, as in school. Should the number of pupils render it necessary, a competent assistant will be employed to take charge of the English department.

        In a retired and healthy neighborhood, remote from the haunts of dissipation, this establishment combines every advantage that can be desired by parents desirous of preserving the health and guarding the morals of their children, while engaged in the acquisition of useful knowledge.


Page 114

        Having devoted himself to the arduous task of training the rising generation in the paths of virtue and science, the undersigned hopes, by assiduity and attention, to obtain a share of that patronage which is ever extended by an enlightened public to exertions made to promote liberal education.

        JOHN J. WYCHE, A. M.

        November 22, 1831.

        --The Star, Raleigh, December 2, 1831.

SPRING GROVE ACADEMY BEGINS, 1827.

SPRING GROVE ACADEMY.

        THE undersigned has employed Mr. Guernsey, a Graduate of a Northern College, as a Teacher, to take charge of this Academy, for the ensuing year, and the School will commence on the first of January. Mr. Guernsey comes well recommended as a gentleman qualified to take charge of an Academy, and will teach the Greek, Latin and French Languages, and all other branches necessary to qualify a student to enter the University. The price of Tuition for Reading, Writing and Arithmetic will be $8, and for all other branches usually taught in Academies, $10 per session. And the undersigned will receive as Boarders, eight or ten scholars, at $40 the session. The residence of the undersigned is healthy, and is cut off from all temptations to dissipation, and where, from the assiduity and abilities of Mr. Guernsey, and the especial superintendence of the undersigned, such students as may attend the Academy, it is hoped and calculated, will make great progress in useful knowledge.

        JOHN D. HAWKINS.

        Franklin County, Dec. 12, 1827.

        --Raleigh Register, December 28, 1827.

SPRING GROVE EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1828.

SPRING GROVE ACADEMY.

        THE Examination at this Academy will take place on Monday, the 16th of June; and after a recess until that time, the business of the School will recommence on Monday, the 23d of the same month, under the government of Mr. Guernsey, whose past services entitle him to increased patronage. Board and Tuition as heretofore. The main object of this School is to prepare the Scholars for the University, and from the efforts made, its attainment is looked for under very flattering prospects.

        JOHN D. HAWKINS.

        May 24.

        --Raleigh Register, May 30, 1828.


Page 115

SPRING GROVE UNDER EDWARD G. BENNERS.

SPRING GROVE ACADEMY.

        The Exercises in this Institution, under the superintendence of Mr. Edward G. Benners, will be resumed on Monday the 19th day of January next. Students may here be prepared for College, or fitted for the ordinary business life. Divine service is regularly performed in the Academy building, which is situated in a healthy and pleasant section of country, remote from scenes of vice; while the pupils, constantly under the supervision of their teacher, will have every inducement to observe a correct and moral deportment. The prices of tuition vary according to the studies pursued, viz:

        
For the Classics, per Session $12 50
For English, from $5 to 10 00
Board, per month 6 00

        Composition, Declamation, and the use of the Globes, particularly attended to,

        JOHN D. HAWKINS.

        December 19, 1834.

        The Oxford Examiner will give the above four insertions.

        --The Standard, Raleigh, N. C., January 2, 1835.

MOUNT WELCOME ACADEMY, 1828.

MOUNT WELCOME ACADEMY.

        The subscriber begs leave to inform his friends and the public, that he will open a school, on the second Monday of January next, about three miles from Louisburg, on the main stage road leading to Warrenton. Tuition will be as follows: For spelling, reading, writing and arithmetic, six dollars per session; English Grammar and Geography, seven dollars; Latin, Greek and the sciences, nine dollars--payable in advance. A session to consist of five months. Board may be had with Wm. J. Newbern, who lives in about two hundred yards of the institution; also with Mrs. Sarah Fenner, Peter Foster and Capt. John Perry, for thirty-six dollars per session.

        Taking into consideration the healthiness and pleasantness of the neighborhood, the low price of tuition and board, and the experience which I have had in the instruction of youth, I flatter myself that I shall receive a liberal share of public patronage. Particular attention will be paid to the morals of those youths confided to my care.

        Dec. 26, 1827.

        THOS. G. STONE.

        --The Star, January 3, 1828.

MISS BOBBITT'S SCHOOL, 1830.

        The public are informed that the subscriber will recommence the duties of her school on Monday next, and will be prepared to accommodate young ladies, as boarders, at the moderate price of fifty dollars per scholastic year of ten months. Tuition for advanced students will


Page 116

be ten dollars per session; for those in the minor branches, seven dollars and fifty cents. The course of studies in this Academy will embrace spelling, reading, writing, arithmetic, grammar, geography, rhetoric, moral philosophy, history and painting; also plain and ornamental needle work. To the moral deportment of the pupils, as well as to their literary acquirements, particular attention will be paid. For further particulars, reference may be made to those who have attended the different examinations of the students of this institution. In conclusion the subscriber would add, that the academy is situated in a healthy and elevated section of country; nine miles from Louisburg, Franklin county, on Sims' road. This, added to an experience of three years devoted to the instruction of youth in Virginia, will, it is hoped, secure a share of patronage.

        ELIZA W. BOBBITT.

        January 1, 1830.

        --The Star, January 14, 1830.

MISS BOBBITT'S ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1831.

PRIVATE FEMALE SCHOOL.

        The Second Session of Miss Eliza W. Bobbitt's School will commence on the Fourth of July, at Yarboroughsville, in the county of Franklin, a very healthy and pleasant place, where Board can be had in the neighborhood on good terms. It is presumed that Miss Bobbitt's qualifications are too well known to need any recommendations, as she has been for several years engaged in teaching Females and has given entire satisfaction.

        Franklin county, June 27.

        --Raleigh Register, June 30, 1831.

HEMDON ACADEMY, 1836.

BOARDING SCHOOL.

        In Franklin County, five miles North-west of Louisburg, the undersigned will open a school on Monday, the 16th of January next. The undersigned designs pursuing a course with his pupils, preparatory to an entrance into our own University, or the practical parts of an English Education, as may be preferred.

        He will be prepared to accommodate a few Boarders, at Seven dollars per month; and the neighbors will accommodate as many as may apply. Few neighborhoods are better suited for such a School. It has all the advantages of health, and good water, and good Society. The people are industrious, moral and intelligent; and the undersigned feels assured that nothing like dissipation or idleness would be encouraged. A strict discipline will be kept up; and no young man need offer himself who is not willing to submit implicitly to all the rules and requisitions of the School.


Page 117

        Tuition, for common English Scholars, $7.50; Mathematical Scholars, $10; Latin, or Greek Scholars, $12.50, per Session--payable in advance.

        The undersigned promises faithfully, on his part, to do everything in his power for the moral and intellectual improvement of all children that may be committed to his care. Any person wishing to board with the Subscriber will please make it known to him by letter, as soon as convenient.

        Dec. 8, 1836.

        JOHN Y. HICKS.

        --Raleigh Register, December 13, 1836.

HEMDON ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1837.

HEMDON ACADEMY.

        This Institution was advertised at the beginning of the year under the head of 'Boarding School.' The first Session will close on Wednesday the 28th of June, and the second commence on the Monday following, 3d of July. The undersigned would be glad to accommodate a few more Boarders at his established prices, viz. $7 per month, everything furnished except lights. The established price for tuition, is, for Latin or Greek, $12.50; for Mathematics, $10, and for all others, $7.50 per Session.

        No neighborhood is more suitable for such an Institution, than that wherein Hemdon Academy is located. It is about five miles northwest of Louisburg, and is thought to be the most elevated spot in Franklin county. 'Tis a neighborhood of sober, industrious and temperate people; and the Subscriber confidently assures the Public that nothing like vice or immorality would be countenanced. The Undersigned being sole proprietor and instructor of the institution, promises on his part, faithfully to do everything in his power for the intellectual and moral improvement of all that may be entrusted to his care. A strict discipline will be kept up among all classes, and no young man will be taken, unless he is willing to submit implicitly to the directions of the Subscriber. Any person wishing to send a scholar to the Subscriber, will please make it known to him by letter.

        JOHN Y. HICKS.

        Hemdon Academy, June 1, 1837.

        --Raleigh Register, June 13, 1837.

HEMDON ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1838.

HEMDON ACADEMY.

        The Exercises of this Institution will close on Friday the 8th December ensuing, with a public exhibition of the students, and will be resumed again on Monday the 15th January, 1838. The undersigned, being Proprietor and Principal Instructor in the Institution, would be glad to accommodate eight or ten boarders at seven dollars a month.


Page 118

        

TUITION.

For common English, (per session,) $7 00
For Mathematics, (per session,) 10 00
For Latin or Greek, (per session,) 12 00

        No student will be taken for less than a session.

        The institution, though not incorporated, will hereafter be managed as such, a number of gentlemen having consented to act as Trustees. A strict and rigid discipline will be kept up. No large student will be received who is unwilling to submit to all the rules and requisitions of the school. Students boarding with the subscriber in particular will be required to be very orderly in their conduct. They will not be allowed to make a noise about the house, be out of nights or run about on the Sabbath. They will generally be kept at school a part of the day on Saturday, and on Sunday will be required to recite on Bible questions at the Academy. The subscriber would remark, however, that in answering Bible questions, everything bigotted or sectarian will be carefully avoided. There will be a female assistant. Little girls under 14 years of age will therefore be gladly received. Should any be entrusted to the care of the subscriber, every attention will be given to their morals as well as education. Adams' Latin and Valpey's Greek Grammar; Worcester's Geography; Emerson's Arithmetic; Murray's Sequal Reader and Introduction, will be used exclusively.

        All persons wishing to board with the Subscriber, will please inform him by letter, directed to Louisburg, N. C.

        JOHN Y. HICKS.

        Hemdon Academy, near Louisburg, Nov. 25, 1837.

        --Raleigh Register, December 4, 1837.

HEMDON EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1838.

HEMDON ACADEMY.

        The Exercises of this Institution will close for the first Session by a Public Examination, to be held on Thursday and Friday, the 14th and 15th of June. Parents and friends are invited to attend. The second Session will commence on Monday, the 25th of June. The Subscriber's house will still be open for Boarders and Students, at the usual price of $7 a month for Board, (Students furnishing their own lights,). . . . Tuition $7.50, $10 and $12 the Session, according to the studies pursued. HEMDON is situated six miles North-West of Louisburg, one mile from the Stage Road. The Subscriber would present the following advantages of the Institution, to-wit: its healthy and retired situation, a neighborhood of moral and industrious people, and good water.

        JOHN Y. HICKS.

        Hemdon, Franklin Co. May 21.

        Star and Standard, 3 times, e o w. J. Y. H.

        --Raleigh Register, May 21, 1838.


Page 119

HEMDON ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1839.

HEMDON ACADEMY.

        The second Session of this Seminary for the present year, will close on Friday, the 23d inst. The first Session of 1839 will commence on the 14th of January. The Proprietor is prepared to board eight Students, two occupying one room, fire-place and bed. Everything will be furnished except lights. The charge, including Tuition, will vary from $105 to $115, the scholastic year of ten months. The different branches of an English Education, with the Latin and Greek Languages, will be taught. He has a pair of Globes for the use of Students in Geography, and apparatus to teach surveying practically. Persons wishing to board with the Proprietor, will do well to make it known very soon. Board can be had in respectable houses in the vicinity.

        JOHN Y. HICKS.

        Hemdom Academy, near Louisburg, November 16, 1838.

        Star and Standard 4 times, every other week.

        --Raleigh Register, November 19, 1838.

HEMDONS'S BUILDINGS AND TERMS.

HEMDON ACADEMY.

        The first session of this Seminary will close on Friday, the 14th of June, by a Public Examination of the Students. Parents are invited to attend. They will be resumed again on Monday, the 1st of July. Encouraged by the support that he has heretofore received, the undersigned has built a large and convenient Academy, near his own Dwelling. His house will again be open for Boarders. Wishing to carry on a Boarding School, to be profitable to himself and beneficial to his Boarders, he will furnish a room, bed, and fire, to every two, furnishing everything except lights. The charge will vary from $47½ to $52½ the session of five months. Young men wishing a room and bed to themselves can have it, by paying five dollars more. None will be received who are not willing to submit to all the rules and requisitions of the school. The subscriber has Globes for the use of Students in Geography, and apparatus to teach Surveying practically. Parker's Exercises in English Composition, also the delivery of Select Speeches kept up during the session.

        JOHN Y. HICKS,
Principal.

        Hemdon, near Louisburg, Franklin Co. May 25, 1839.

        --Raleigh Register, June 1, 1839.


Page 120

HEMDON ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1840.

HEMDON ACADEMY.

        The Exercises of this Institution will end on Friday, the 28th inst. and will be resumed again on Monday the 6th January, 1840.

        Tuition $7.50, $10 and $12.50 per Session, according to studies pursued. Board, with the Subscriber, $40 per session. Tuition and one-fourth of the board in advance. Board can be obtained also in respectable houses in the neighborhood.

        JOHN Y. HICKS.

        Franklin County, N. C., Nov. 20, 1839.

        --Raleigh Register, November 30, 1839.


Page 121

GRANVILLE COUNTY SCHOOLS

WILLIAMSBOROUGH ACADEMY, 1805.

EDUCATION.

        On the 5th day of June, an Academy in Williamsborough, Granville county, will commence its exercises under the direction of Mr. John Hicks, a gentleman of approved scholarship and morals. All the branches of academical education will be taught on the usual terms, board may be obtained in several respectable families on low terms. From the healthiness of the place, and reputation of the teacher, the trustees flatter themselves with a respectable school.

        April 8th, 1805.

        STEPHEN SNEED, Sec'r.

        --The Halifax, N. C., Journal, April 8, 1805.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH ACADEMY UNDER BURCH AND RICE.

EDUCATION.

        On Monday the 16th of October next, I shall open a School at my place near Williamsborough, Granville county, in which will be taught the English, Latin and Greek Languages, together with such of the Sciences as are commonly studied in American Schools.

        I have engaged as an Assistant Teacher Mr. Benjamin Rice, of Virginia, a young gentleman of unquestionable morality and of liberal education.

        Those who may send their children or wards to this School may rely on the greatest exertion of the Teachers to amend the heart as well as enlighten the understanding.

        JAMES K. BURCH.

        August 28, 1809.

        --Raleigh Star, August 31, 1809.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH FEMALE ACADEMY, 1811.

NOTICE.

        I wish to inform the public, that I have lately purchased the place where I now live, in Williamsborough, of the Rev. James K. Burch, which is a very healthy and private situation. I intend taking ten or twelve young ladies to board with me: more young ladies may be boarded in decent families--my price is seventy dollars for board and tuition. Those who may interest and encourage me in this undertaking, may rest assured of every attention being paid not only to the education, but to the morals and manners of the students--school will commence again on the 1st day of January.

        Dec. 3, 1810.

        CHARLOTTE B. BRODIE.

        --The Star, January 31, 1811.


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WILLIAMSBOROUGH FEMALE ACADEMY FOR 1812.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH

        Female Academy & Boarding School, will be continued the ensuing year under the superintendence of Mr. and Mrs. Burton, where Spelling, Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, English Grammar, Geography and Needle work will be taught.

        For board and tuition (each finding a pair of sheets, Blankets and Counterpanes) seventy dollars per annum, paid quarterly and in advance.

        The exercises of the School will commence the 1st of January, and end the 15th of December. The summer vacation from the 22nd of June to the first Monday in July.

        The pleasant and healthy situation of the place, and the proper distance it is from the most public part of Williamsborough, being nearly half a mile, renders it desirable for the residence of young Ladies who wish to enjoy their health, and sufficient retirement for the prosecution of their studies.

        The greatest attention will be paid by Mrs. Burton to the young Ladies placed under her care.

        November 14, 1811.

        --The Star, November 22, 1811.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH ACADEMY FOR 1812.

        The undersigned Trustees of the Williamsborough Academy inform the public that they have engaged Mr. Joel Strong to take charge of the institution for the ensuing year. They entertain a confident belief that the duties of a Teacher will be satisfactorily performed, and they pledge themselves that the utmost care and attention shall be paid by them to the progress and morals of the students.

        The school will commence on the first day of January and continue (with the usual vacations) until about the 20th of December.

        Price of Tuition: Latin and Greek Languages, Geography, English Grammar, Mathematics, &c. sixteen dollars. Reading, Writing, and Arithmetic, twelve dollars.

        STEPHEN SNEED,
JAMES HAMILTON,
WILLIAM ROBARDS,
JOHN HARE,
FRANK N. W. BURTON,
HENRY LYNE,
L. HENDERSON.

        Williamsborough, December 17, 1811.

        --The Star, December 27, 1811.


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WILLIAMSBOROUGH ACADEMY EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1812.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

        The Students of this Institution were this day examined on their different studies before the Trustees of the School, the Parents of the Students and the citizens of the place and its vicinity.

        It is with pleasure that the Trustees declare, that the great progress made by the students in their different studies, (to wit:) Spelling, Reading, Writing, English Grammar, Latin, Greek, & Mathematics, evinces their great assiduity, & the high qualifications of their teacher, Mr. L. Holbrooks. They think that they may with truth declare that the School has been ably conducted, the greatest care and attention paid to the studies and morals of the Students and that this infant institution, although it may be equalled by many, is surpassed by none in the State.

        The exercises of the second Session will commence on the 16th instant.

        TRUSTEES: ROBERT BURTON,
LEO. HENDERSON,
STEPHEN SNEED,
WILLIAM ROBARDS,
JOHN HARE,
JAMES HAMILTON.

        Williamsborough, July 1, 1812.

        --The Star, July 17, 1812.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1813.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

        The Trustees have engaged Mr. Wm. Hillman, formerly of Franklin Academy, for the ensuing year. The school will be opened under his superintendance on the first Monday of January next, where the English, Latin and Greek Languages, Writing and Arithmetic, will be taught.

        The moral character and qualifications of Mr. Hillman, are such as to give every reason to believe that the duties of his station will be faithfully discharged.

        The low price of Board and Tuition; the very healthy and pleasant situation of the place are further inducements to those who wish to place their children in a seminary of this kind.

        Board may be had for a few students in private houses in Williamsborough.

        --The Star, December 4, 1812.

PROF. ANDREW RHEA IN CHARGE OF ACADEMY.

        Williamsboro' Academy--The exercises of this Institution will commence on the first day of January next, under the superintendance of Andrew Rhea, M.A. the present professor of languages in the University of North Carolina, as principal. There will be taught at this Academy, the Latin and Greek languages, Mathematics, the Elements of Euclid,


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Practical Geometry, Trigonometry, Surveying, Navigation, Mensuration of Heights and Distances, Superficies and Solids, Geography, Algebra, Natural and Moral Philosophy, English Grammar, Reading, Writing and Arithmetic.--Particular attention will be paid to Composition, Reading and Elocution. The price of tuition, $20, payable half yearly in advance. Extra charges for firewood, attendants and the use of a Library, will be moderate and regulated by the Trustees. Board may be had in the private families of Stephen Sneed, Judge Henderson and William Robards in town, and Dr. Hare and others in the neighborhood at $60, payable half yearly in advance. * * *

        A Female teacher wanted. A Lady qualified to take charge of young females, and capable of teaching Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, English Grammar, Parsing and Needle Work, may be placed in a comfortable and permanent situation, on making immediate application to Judge Henderson, president of the board of trustees.

        Williamsborough, Nov. 10, 1814.

        SAM. HILLMAN, Sec'ry.

        --Raleigh Star, January 6, 1815.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH UNDER MR. RHEA AND MRS. STITH.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

         * * * The trustees have contracted with Mr. Rhea as principal, to superintend and manage the institution for a number of years. * * * The trustees have engaged Mrs. Stith to take charge of the Female Department. * * * Mrs. Stith was educated at Salem, a native of North Carolina, of engaging manners, and a mild, placid disposition. * * *

        WM. ROBARDS,
Secretary.

        Williamsborough, Nov. 20, 1815.

        --Raleigh Star, November 24, 1815.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH ACADEMY EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1815.

        The Examination of the Students of the Williamsborough Academy, under the management of Andrew Rhea Principal, and John W. Burton Assistant Teacher, commenced on Monday the 5th of June, and continued until Friday. * * *

        WM. ROBARDS, Sec.

        L. HENDERSON, President.

        June 9, 1815.

        --Raleigh Star June 23, 1815.

ANDREW WILSON PRINCIPAL OF WILLIAMSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

        The Trustees of this Institution take pleasure in announcing to the Public, that they have engaged Mr. Alexander Wilson, late of the Raleigh Academy, as Principal; a gentleman whose qualifications have been tested by a very successful course of teaching in that Institution for the two last years.


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        The different branches of Education as established by the Faculty at the University of this State will be adopted in this Institution.

        The price of Tuition for the Languages and Sciences is $12.50--Reading, Writing and Arithmetic $8 a Session.

        Board can be had in the most respectable families at $35 per Session.

        The Exercises to commence on the 2d Monday of January.

        The Trustees refer to the annexed Certificate as the best recommendation of this Institution to the public patronage.

        LEONARD HENDERSON,
JOSEPH H. BRYAN,
WILLIAM ROBARDS,
THOMAS TURNER,
RICHARD SNEED,
Trustees.

        January 1, 1821.

        Mr. ALEXANDER WILSON, late of Belfast, Ireland, has been a resident of this city for several years, and during the term of five Sessions has acted as first Assistant in the Male Department of the Raleigh Academy.

        The undersigned, regarding Mr. Wilson as a Scholar and a Gentleman, do cheerfully certify, that his correct moral deportment--his talent for school discipline & government--his literary attainments, & particular taste for the Latin and Greek Classics, entitles him, in their opinion, to rank among the first Academic instructors of the State.

        W. M'PHEETERS,
Princ'l of R. Academy,

        J. GALES,
Pres't Board of Trustees,

        JAS. M. HENDERSON,
JOHN LOUIS TAYLOR,
JAMES F. TAYLOR,
A. S. H. BURGES.

        Raleigh, Jan. 1, 1822.

        --Raleigh Register, January 11, 1822.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH PREPARES FOR UNIVERSITY.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

        The subscriber continues to have charge of this Institution. He pledges himself to make every exertion in his power for the advancement of the Young gentlemen intrusted to his care, both in morals and literature. * * * Students may here be prepared for the Freshman or Sophomore Class in the University. * * *

        Williamsboro, June 7.

        ALEX'R WILSON.

        --Raleigh Register, June 11, 1824.


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WILLIAMSBOROUGH ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1824.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

        THE Exercises of the Institution will be resumed on Monday the 20th inst.

        The situation is well known as being as healthful as any in the State, and the price of board and tuition are remarkably low.

        Every attention is paid to the moral and literary improvement of the students.

        ALEX. WILSON,
Principal.

        June 6.

        --Raleigh Register, June 10, 1825.

PLAN OF STUDIES IN WILLIAMSBOROUGH ACADEMY, 1825.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

        THE Examination of the Students at this Institution will commence on Thursday, 17th November, and close on the following Saturday. Parents and Guardians are requested to attend.

        A. WILSON.

        The department immediately under my own care, will henceforth be divided into four classes, preparatory to the University:

FIRST CLASS.

        Latin Grammar

        Viri Romae

        Historia Sacra

        Mair's Introduction.

SECOND CLASS.

        Caesar's Commentaries

        Valpy's G'k. Grammar

        Ovid Ed. Expurg.

        Latin Prosody.

THIRD CLASS.

        Virgil

        Graeca Minora

        Modern Geography

        Greek Testament

        Roman Antiquities

        English Grammar.

FOURTH CLASS.

        Sallust

        Graeca Majora

        Adams' Ancient Geography & Mythology

        Cicero, 7 Orations

        Algebra

        English Grammar.

        The time of attendance at the Academy, will be from 9 o'clock until three each day; so that one and a half hours will be occupied in the instruction of each class.

        Algebra, Arithmetic, English Grammar, and Reading, will be attended to on Fridays.

        I will always have an assistant, well qualified to attend to the English Department.


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        The price of Tuition will be $15 per session in the Classical Department, in the English, $8 and $12 1-2

        The exercises will be resumed on the first Monday of January, 1826.

        November 1.

        ALEXANDER WILSON

        --Raleigh Register, November 4, 1825.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1826.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH ACADEMY.

        THE Semi-Annual Examination of the Students connected with this Institution, will commence on Monday, 5th of June, and close the evening of the following day.--Parents and Guardians are requested to attend.

        The Exercises will be resumed on Monday, the 26th of June.

        Granville County, May 21st, 1826.

        ALEXANDER WILSON.

        --Raleigh Register, May 26, 1826.

MRS. O'BRIEN TAKES CHARGE OF FEMALE ACADEMY, 1826.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH FEMALE ACADEMY.

        HAVING taken possession of the house recently occupied by Col. Wm. Robards, it is proposed to open, in this place, a Seminary for the instruction of young ladies, which will be principally under the direction of Mrs. Ann O'Brien. In order to require the patronage that is offered the school as well as from choice, I shall feel it incumbent on me to devote such time as I am not actually engaged in my professional pursuits, to the advancement of the best interests of the institution. Independently of this, competent additional assistance will be procured so soon as it shall be discovered that the number of pupils may require it.

        The usual branches of female education, useful and ornamental, will be taught.

        As it is believed, that the most that can be expected by teachers, in the limited time spent by children at school, is to lay the foundation for future attainments, our efforts will be mainly directed that way. Such studies, therefore, as either the present condition of society does not require, or the successful acquisition of which may be rendered impracticable from circumstances, will not be attempted.

        As a rapid progress of the pupils, in the number and quantity of studies is what we design to avoid, no young lady will be advanced to a class, to which proficiency in her previous classes will not entitle her.

        Occasional exercises, in the intervals of study, in composition, in reading and commenting on the English Classics, will be resorted to, calculated to inspire a taste for polite Literature.

        The prices of board and tuition, including spelling, reading, writing, needle-work, grammar, arithmetic, geography, astronomy, mythology,


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chronology, belle-lettres, logic, and moral philosophy, will be $60 per session; music $25; painting and drawing $20.

        Each young lady will provide herself with a blanket, pair of sheets, counterpane and two towels.

        The first session will commence the 12th of June.

        Williamsboro', N. C., May 25, 1826.

        SPENCER O'BRIEN.

        --Raleigh Register, May 26, 1826.

ANNOUNCEMENTS OF MRS. O'BRIEN, 1827.

WILLIAMSBORO' FEMALE ACADEMY.

        UNDERSTANDING from recent applications from a distance, that it is not generaly known that Mrs. O'Brien's School is in operation, we take this method of giving it further publicity.

        The present Session commenced the 2d Monday of the present month, and will close sometime in June, of which timely notice will be given.

        Parents and Guardians are apprized, that they will have to pay from the time of entrance only, though it is desirable for many reasons, that they should come in as early as possible.

        Terms. For Board and Tuition, including every branch, together with the Scientific studies, except Music, Painting and Drawing, $60 per session. Music $25. Painting and Drawing $15.

        The pupils will be required to board in our family, as much useful information may be imparted in the intervals of study, independently of the care and attention due to their conversation, manners and morals, which are mostly attended to during those hours.

        Each young lady must be provided with a coverlet, blanket, pair of sheets and two towels.

        SPENCER O'BRIEN.

        Williamsboro', Granville co. Jan. 22, 1827.

        The Edenton Gazette and Richmond Equirer will insert the above 3 times weekly and forward their accounts for payment.

        --Raleigh Register, February 2, 1827.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1828.

WILLIAMSBORO' ACADEMY.

        THE semi-annual Examination of the Students connected with this Institution, will commence on Wednesday the 4th June. Parents and Guardians are requested to attend.

        The Subscriber has had charge of the Williamsboro' Academy for upwards of six years, during which time, he believes entire satisfaction has been given to all interested. The government of this school is strict, but parental. Constant attention is paid, not only to the general improvement of the Students in useful learning, but also to the formation of correct morals. The Exercises will be resumed on Monday, 23d of June. Two or three additional Students can be accommodated with


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board in the family.--Board can also be obtained in the most respectable families of the village and neighborhood, on moderate terms.

        Williamsboro' has always been famed for its healthful situation, and its excellent water. No student has been absent from school more than one day, on account of sickness for several years. References--Judge Henderson, of the Supreme Court; Wm. Robards, Esq. State Treasurer; Rev. Dr. McPheeters, Raleigh; Mr. Theo Parker and Mr. S. D. Cotton, Tarboro'.

        ALEXANDER WILSON.

        23d May, 1828.

        The Tarboro' Free Press and Edenton Gazette will insert the above three times and forward their accounts to the Seminary.

        --Raleigh Register, May 27, 1828.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH FEMALE ACADEMY FOR 1828.

MRS. O'BRIEN'S SCHOOL.

        THE present Session of this Institution terminates on Friday the 18th June.--The next will commence on Monday week following.

        Williamsboro' May 29, 1828.

        --Raleigh Register, May 30, 1828.

WILLIAMSBORO ACADEMY EXAMINATIONS, 1829.

WILLIAMSBORO' ACADEMY.

        THE semi-annual Examination of the Students connected with this Institution will be held on Wednesday, 3d June. Parents and Guardians are requested to attend.

        The exercises of the School will be resumed on Monday, 22d June.

        Williamsboro', May 19.

        A. WILSON, Principal.

        --Raleigh Register, May 22, 1829.

WILLIAMSBORO' ACADEMY.

        THE Examination of the Students connected with this Institution will be held on Wednesday the 18th of November. Parents and Guardians are requested to attend.

        The Exercises of the Academy will be resumed on the 2d Monday of January, 1830.

        ALEX. WILSON, Principal.

        Williamsboro' Oct. 29, 1829.

        --Raleigh Register, November 5, 1829.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH FEMALE ACADEMY, 1831.

WILLIAMSBORO' FEMALE ACADEMY.

        Mrs. O'Brien proposes to resume her school at this place on the 4th Monday of the present month. The aid which she will have will be adequate to the calls of the seminary. The subscriber, when not on


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his circuit, will feel it his duty, as it shall be his pleasure, to devote his leisure hours to the promotion of the best interests of the pupils, entrusted to our care and protection.

        Terms--For Board and tuition in the higher branches of polite literature and science, $60 per session of five months.

        Do. do. for the elementary branches or first rudiments, $50. Music, per session, $25.

        SPENCER O'BRIEN.

        Williamsboro, Granville County, January 8, 1831.

        The Edenton Gazette, Tarboro' Free Press, Roanoke Advocate and Warrenton Reporter, will give the above three insertions in their respective papers, and forward their accounts to the above address for payment.

        --The Star, January 13, 1831.

MRS. SMITH IN CHARGE OF WILLIAMSBOROUGH FEMALE ACADEMY.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH FEMALE ACADEMY.

        This Institution will be re-opened for the reception of Boarders and Pupils, on Monday the 12th of January next.

        The course of Instruction will embrace Orthography, Reading, Arithmetic, Writing, English Grammar, Geography with the use of the Globes, Needle Work, Embroidery, Painting, The Elements of Natural Philosophy & Chemistry, Moral Philosophy, History and the Evidences of the Christian Religion. Mrs. Smith returns her thanks to a heretofore generous public, and hopes from her long experience in the government and instruction of Young Ladies, to merit a continuance of their liberal patronage.

        MRS. MARY SMITH.

        Williamsboro', Nov. 27.

        We attended the Examination of the Young Ladies belonging to the Williamsborough Female Seminary, which took place on the 20th ultimo, according to notice--and with pleasure and gratification witnessed the successful mode of training the youthful mind in this Institution. The different classes were rigidly examined, in the presence of a large collection of ladies and gentlemen. They were prompt and explicit in their answers, and evinced a thorough knowledge of their studies. The discipline enforced by Mrs. Smith is strict, but at the same time of the most maternal character, and we can truly say that she has spared neither pains nor expense to secure for her pupils every advantage likely to facilitate the acquirement of a solid, useful and


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liberal Education. Regarding the locality of this Institution, it is surpassed by none, and equalled by few, in point of health and good society.

        WM. ROBARDS,
RICH'D SNEED,
WESLEY YOUNG,
JOHN BULLOCK,
A. A. BURTON,
A. SNEED,
A. E. HENDERSON,
S. F. SNEED,
W. F. HENDERSON,
ROBT. HENDERSON,
J. L. HENDERSON,
A. H. CHRISTIAN.

        --Raleigh Register, December 9, 1834.

WILLIAMSBOROUGH FEMALE ACADEMY, 1838.

FEMALE SCHOOL,
Granville county.

        The above Institution will be open for the reception of Pupils, the second Monday in January, under the superintendence of the same Teacher who has taught in my family for eighteen months, and has given entire satisfaction to the Parents and Guardians who have entrusted their daughters to our care. I feel confident, from the progress of the Pupils in their various studies, that she well deserves the high recommendation given her by Mrs. WILLARD, as being a thorough English Scholar, and well qualified to teach Music, French, &c. &c. The situation is in a high and healthy section of the country, being four miles west from Henderson Depot, and ten East from Oxford.

        
Terms, per session (of five months,) for Board, including bedding, washing, candles, &c $45 00
Tuition in the various branches, including Spelling, Reading, Writing, English Grammar, Arithmetic, Geography, with the use of Globes, Philosophy, Chemistry, Geometry, &c 10 00
Music, with the use of the Piano 15 00
French 5 00

        Parents and Guardians wishing to send their daughters or wards, would do well to make early application. A line addressed to the subscriber (Williamsboro) will receive prompt attention.

        December 13, 1838.

        WESLEY W. YOUNG.

        --Raleigh Register, December 24, 1838.


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PLEASANT GROVE ACADEMY, 1812.

EDUCATION.

        The subscriber respectfully informs the public that he intends opening a SCHOOL at Pleasant Grove, near Bullock's Store; in which will be taught the Latin and Greek Languages, Rhetoric, Moral Philosophy, Geography, English Grammar, Arithmetic, Reading, Writing, &c. Tuition will be Sixteen Dollars annually to be paid quarterly in advance. Boarding may be had at respectable houses for Fifty Dollars.

        Granville, 4th Dec. 1812.

        ELIJAH GRAVES.

        --The Star, December 11, 1812.

OXFORD ACADEMY, 1813.

        By Authority of the State of North Carolina.

        Scheme of the Oxford Academy Lottery.

         * * * * * * *

        The drawing will commence on the first day of October next, and be finished without delay.

        TH. B. LITTLEJOHN,
WILLIAM ROBARDS,
WILLIS LEWIS,
THOMAS HUNT,
WM. M. SNEED.
Managers.

        Tickets, at 5 dollars each, for sale at the Minerva Office, Raleigh. March 25.

        --Raleigh Register, April 2, 1813.

OXFORD ACADEMY UNDER THOMAS H. WILIE.

        The Trustees of Oxford Academy congratulate the citizens of Granville and the public in general, that their exertions to rear and establish a Seminary of Learning have been crowned with success. An elegant two story Building, 50 feet long and 32 wide, is nearly complete, and will be ready by the second Monday of January next, at which time the Exercises of this Institution will commence. They have employed as Principal Mr. Thomas H. Wilie, a Gentleman who, by his sobriety, assiduity and long acquaintance with the duties of his profession, has acquired a character equalled by few, and surpassed by no person in this part of the country. This Gentleman has for two years last past superintended the Nutbush Mineral Springs Academy; he has taught in several other parts of the State. * * *

        December 1.

        WM. M. SNEED, Sec.

        --Raleigh Register, December 17, 1813.


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OXFORD ACADEMY UNDER WILLIE AND MISS McINTIRE.

        The exercises of the next Session of the Oxford Academy will commence on the 1st Monday of July next. The Male Department of this Institution will continue as heretofore, under the care of Mr. Thos. H. Willie and Mr. J. Smith. The Female Department will be opened under the superintendence of Miss Jane McIntire, late of the Raleigh Academy.

        WM. M. SNEED, Sec.

        Oxford, June 17, 1814.

        --Raleigh Register, June 24, 1814.

OXFORD ACADEMY UNDER THOMPSON AND WILLIE.

         * * * * * * *

        It is with pleasure announced, that the Rev. James W. Thompson is engaged for the ensuing year as Principal. Mr. Thomas H. Willie will continue to have the principal share in the tuition of the Classical Students. If it be necessary, an Assistant will be employed.

        The Female Department is still confided to Miss Ann C. McIntyre.

         * * * * * * *

        Nov. 4th, 1815.

        WILLIAM M. SNEED, Sec'y.

        --Raleigh Register, November 17, 1815.

OXFORD ACADEMY UNDER WILLIE AND SMITH.

         * * * * * * *

        The exercises of the Institution will commence on the 6th of January next, as heretofore. The female department under the care of Miss Annie C. McIntyre, and the male under that of Mr. Thomas H. Willie as Principal and Mr. John C. Smith, Assistant.

        JOSEPH B. LITTLEJOHN,
WILLIAM M. SNEED,
THOMAS B. LITTLEJOHN,
WILLIAM V. TAYLOR.

        December 3, 1814.

        --Raleigh Register, January 6, 1815.

OXFORD ACADEMY TEACHERS IN 1818.

         * * * * * * *

        The Exercises of the next Session will commence on the third Monday of June, under the direction of the present teachers, to wit, Mr. George W. Freeman, Principal, assisted by Mr. Levi McLane, in the Male Department; and Miss Arabella M. Bosworth, assisted by Mr. Lotan G. Watson, in the Female Department. Arrangements are making for the employment of a Teacher of music. * * *

        April 9.

        N. M. TAYLOR, Sec'y.

        --Raleigh Register, May 15, 1818.


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OXFORD ACADEMY MUSIC DEPARTMENT, 1819.

        The Trustees have engaged Mr. J. D. Plunkitt to superintend the Musical Department of this Institution. He will also teach 10 or 12 Students the French Language. * * *

        June 26.

        --Raleigh Register, July 2, 1819.

OXFORD ACADEMY TEACHERS IN 1819.

         * * * * * * *

        The next Session will commence on Monday the 22d of June. Miss Griswold will continue to superintend the Female Department, and will be aided by Miss Halcomb, from the Northward, who has taught in our Seminary a small part of the present session, and is well qualified to discharge the duties confided to her.

        Mr. Bugbee will continue to preside in our Academy, and will be assisted as heretofore by Mr. Paschal in the Male Department.

        May 10, 1819.

        --Raleigh Register, May 14, 1819.

OXFORD ACADEMY EXAMINATIONS, 1820.

        THE semi-annual examination of the students of Oxford Academy will commence on Monday the 9th instant, and terminate the Saturday following. All patrons of this institution are respectfully invited to attend.

        NATHL. M. TAYLOR, Sec'y.

        May 4, 1820.

        --The Star, May 12, 1820.

        THE semi-annual examination of the Students of this Academy will commence on Monday the 13th day of November next, and end on the Saturday following. Parents and Guardians are respectfully invited to attend.

        N. M. TAYLOR, Sec'y.

        Oxford, October 19, 1820.

        --The Star, October 27, 1820.

OXFORD ACADEMY TEACHERS, 1821.

         * * * * * * *

        Mr. Ransom Hubbill continues to preside over the Seminary--Miss Griswold superintends the Female Department, and Miss Mitchell has charge of the Department of Music. * * *

        May 10, 1821.

        WM. M. SNEED, Sec'y.

        --Raleigh Register, May 18, 1821.


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OXFORD ACADEMY TEACHERS, 1822.

OXFORD ACADEMY.

        The Exercises of this Institution will re-commence on the 6th day of January next.

        The Trustees have much pleasure in announcing the employment of Teachers, of the first character and talents. They have at great expense and pains procured Mr. James D. Johnson, of Morristown, New Jersey, as Principal of the Male Department.

        The Female Department will be under the immediate care of Miss Susan Mitchell, who will be aided by the Rev. Samuel L. Graham.

        Mr. Johnson has been constantly employed in teaching for the last ten or twelve years, and the Trustees believe there is no man whose natural disposition, education, and experience, more eminently qualify him for that station. The following extract of a letter we trust will be sufficient evidence of the truth of our remarks.

        "We, the subscribers, composing the Board of Directors of the Morris Academy, in Morristown, New-Jersey, cheerfully give our united testimony to the excellency of Mr. James D. Johnson as a Teacher of Youth. Mr. Johnson is a graduate of Yale College, a man of good morals, and a professor of Religion. He is a native of this town, and well known by its inhabitants. For several years he has superintended the Academy in this place, and has proved himself well qualified to manage a Seminary, and to instruct in any department in science. His plan of discipline we consider excellent, and his qualifications to instruct not exceeded by any man of our acquaintance. We do therefore most cheerfully recommend him as in all respects an excellent Teacher."

        WM. A. McDOWEL, Pres't,
SYLVESTER D. RUSSELL,
LEWIS CONDIT,
STEVENS J. LEWIS,
Directors.

        Morristown, November 14, 1821.

        Mr. Johnson intends settling himself permanently with us as a Teacher. Miss Mitchell is a Lady who has been connected with the Institution for the last two years, and is well qualified to teach the ornamental and other branches which will come under her more immediate care. Mr. Graham is a graduate of Washington College, Virginia, and by education, habit and disposition, is every way qualified for an Instructor.

        Board can be had in almost all of the respectable families in the place, at $35 per session.

        If talents and experience in the Teachers, a high and healthy situation in a pleasant village, cheapness of Board and Tuition, form any


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inducements, and have any claim upon the public, the Trustees flatter themselves that this Institution will receive a liberal share of its generous patronage.

        By order of the Board,

        WM. M. SNEED, Sec'y.

        Oxford, Nov. 24, 1821.

        --Raleigh Register, January 11, 1822.

OXFORD ACADEMY TEACHERS, 1823.

        The exercises of this seminary have commenced, the male department under the special charge of Mr. James D. Johnson, principal the last year; the female under the care of Miss Emma Stansbury, daughter of the Rev. A. Stansbury, late of Albany.

        Jan. 23.

        WM. M. SNEED, Sec'y.

        --Raleigh Star, January 31, 1823.

OXFORD MALE ACADEMY FOR 1824.

        The Exercises in this Institution will be resumed on the first Monday of January next, under the superintendance of Mr. Jas. D. Johnson. * * *

        Dec. 19.

        WM. M. SNEED.

        --Raleigh Register, December 23, 1823.

OXFORD ACADEMY EXAMINATION, 1824.

        THE Examination of the Students in the Oxford Male Academy, will take place on Friday the 13th of November, next, and will close on the following day. Parents and guardians are respectfully invited to attend. The first session of 1825 will commence on the first Monday in January, under the special care of Mr. James D. Johnson.

        Oct. 21st, 1824.

        WM. M. SNEED, Sec'y.

        --Raleigh Register, October 26, 1824.

OXFORD ACADEMY LOTTERY, 1825-27.

NORTH-CAROLINA
LOTTERY.

        (For the benefit of the Oxford Academy.)

        THE First Class of which will be drawn at Raleigh, the 22d of June next, and completed in a few minutes.

        B. YATES & A. M'INTYRE, Managers.


Page 137

SCHEME.

        
1 Prize of $10,000 $10,000
1 Prize of 6,000 6,000
1 Prize of 4,000 4,000
1 Prize of 3,000 3,000
1 Prize of 2,000 2,000
1 Prize of 1,538 1,538
6 Prize of 1,000 6,000
6 Prize of 500 3,000
6 Prize of 200 1,200
156 Prize of 24 3,744
312 Prize of 12 3,744
468 Prize of 8 3,744
7,800 Prize of 4 31,200
8,760 Prizes $79,170
15,600 Blanks.  
24,360 Tickets $79,170

        This Lottery is formed by the ternary combination and permutation of 30 numbers.

        Prizes payable 30 days after the drawing, and subject to the usual deduction of 15 per cent.

        
Whole Tickets, $4 00
Half do 2 00
Quarter do 1 00

         * * * TICKETS and SHARES, in the above Lottery, for sale at the office of the Catawba Journal, where adventures are invited to call, and secure a chance for $10,000, at the very low price of $4.

        --Catawba Journal, May 3, 1825.

        An additional supply of TICKETS in the Oxford Academy Lottery, has been received. Those who were unable to procure them before, by calling too late, can now obtain them, if early application be made.

        --Catawba Journal, May 31, 1825.

        The drawing of the First Class of the Oxford Academy Lottery, authorized by an Act of our last Legislature, took place in this City on Wednesday, under the direction of Managers appointed by Messrs. Yates & M'Intyre, the Proprietors. Thirty numbers were deposited in the wheel, and the four following, which decide the Lottery, were drawn out:

        15. 9. 8. 29.

        One-fourth of the highest prize $10,000 was sold at the Manager's Office in this City, but by whom purchased, is not yet ascertained.

        --Raleigh Register, June 24, 1825.


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        North-Carolina

        Lottery,

        (For the benefit of the Oxford Academy),

        Second Class,

        To be drawn positively in November next, and completed in a few minutes.

        B. YATES & A. M'INRYRE, Managers.

SCHEME.

        
1 Prize of $20,000 $20,000
1 Prize of 10,000 10,000
2 Prize of 5,000 10,000
2 Prize of 1,990 3,980
18 Prize of 1,000 18,000
18 Prize of 500 9,000
18 Prize of 100 1,800
186 Prize of 50 9,300
186 Prize of 25 4,650
1,488 Prize of 10 14,880
13,950 Prize of 5 69,750
15,870 Prizes $171,360
26,970 Blanks.  
42,840 Tickets $171,360

        This is a Lottery formed by the ternary combination and permutation of 36 numbers. To determine the prizes therein, the 36 numbers will be severally placed in a wheel on the day of the drawing, and five of them be drawn out; and that ticket having on it the 1st, 2d and 3d drawn Nos. in the order in which drawn, will be entitled to the prize of $20,000, and those five other tickets which shall have on them the same Nos. in the following orders, shall be entitled to the prizes affixed to them, respectively, viz:

        The 1st, 3d and 2d to $10,000.

        2d, 1st and 3d to 5,000.

        2d, 3d and 1st to 5,000.

        3d, 1st and 2d to 1,990.

        3d, 2d and 1st to 1,990.

        The 18 other tickets which shall have on them three of the drawn numbers, and those three the 2d, 3d and 5th, the 2d, 4th and 5th, or the 3d, 4th and 5th, in some one of their several orders of combination or permutation, will each be entitled to a prize of $1,000.


Page 139

        Those 18 other tickets which shall have on them three of the drawn numbers, and those three, the 1st, 2d and 4th, the 1st, 2d and 5th, or the 1st, 3d and 4th, in some one of their several orders of combination or permutation will each be entitled to a prize of $500.

        Those 18 other tickets which shall have on them three of the drawn numbers, will each be entitled to a prize of $100.

        Those 186 tickets which shall have two of the drawn numbers on them, and those two, the 2d and 4th, in either order, will each be entitled to a prize of $50.

        Those 186 tickets which shall have two of the drawn numbers on them, and those two, the 3d and 4th, in either order, will each be entitled to a prize of $25.

        All others, being 1,488, having two of the drawn numbers on them, will each be entitled to a prize of $10.

        And all those 13,950 tickets, having but one of the drawn numbers on them, will each be entitled to a prize of $5.

        No ticket which shall have drawn a prize of a superior denomination, can be entitled to an inferior prize.

        Prizes payable 30 days after the drawing, and subject to the usual deduction of 15 per cent.

        
Whole Tickets $5 00
Half Tickets 2 50
Quarter Tickets 1 25

        Packages of 12 tickets, embracing the 36 numbers of the Lottery, which must of necessity draw at least $21.25 nett, with so many chances for capitals; or shares of packages may be had at the same rate, viz:

        
Packages of whole $60 00
Of halves, 30 00
Of Quarters, 15 00

        Orders for TICKETS received at this office.

        --Catawba Journal, July 26, 1825.

NORTH-CAROLINA
STATE LOTTERY.

        First Class.

        (Authorised by Acts of Congress and the Legislature of North-Carolina.)

        For the benefit of Oxford Academy and Washington Canal.

        J. B. YATES & A. MCINTYRE, Managers.

        To be drawn on the 15th of March, 1826, at the City of Raleigh.


Page 140

SCHEME.

        
1 Prize of $20,000 $20,000
1 Prize of 15,000 15,000
1 Prize of 10,000 10,000
1 Prize of 5,276 5,276
2 Prize of 5,000 10,000
18 Prize of 1,000 18,000
36 Prize of 500 18,000
186 Prize of 50 9,300
372 Prize of 25 9,300
1,302 Prize of 12 15,624
13,950 Prize of 6 83,700
15,870 Prizes $214,200
26,970 Blanks.  
42,840 Tickets.  

PRICE OF TICKETS.

        
Whole Tickets $6 00
Half Tickets 3 00
Quarter Tickets 1 50
Eighth Tickets 75

        Packages of 12 Tickets, embracing the 36 numbers of the Lottery, which must draw at least $25.50 nett, (shares in proportion) with so many chances for capitals, may be had at the following rates:

        
Whole Packages $75 000
Half Packages 36 00
Quarter Packages 18 00
Eighth Packages 9 00

        If preferred, certificates of Packages will be furnished at the following rates:

        Whole Packages, $46.50--Shares in proportion.

        This is a Lottery formed by the ternary combination and permutation of 36 numbers.

        Prizes payable 40 days after the drawing and subject to the usual deduction of 15 per cent.

        Tickets or Shares can be had at the above rates at the Managers' Office, Raleigh, or their Agent, at the Post-Office, Charlotte.

        --Catawba Journal, February 28, 1826.

        The drawing of the Lottery for the benefit of the Oxford Academy and the Washington Canal took place in Raleigh on the 15th instant, when the following numbers, which so decided the fate of all the Tickets, were drawn from the wheel, viz. 5, 4, 24, 32, 35.

        --Catawba Journal, March 28, 1826.


Page 141

NORTH & S. CAROLINA
LOTTERY,
For the benefit of Oxford Academy in North-Carolina, &c.

        FIRST CLASS--To be drawn 29th Nov. 1826.

        J. B. YATES & A. MCINTYRE, Managers.

        

SCHEME.

1 Prize of $12,000 is $12,000
1 Prize of 6,000 is 6,000
1 Prize of 5,000 is 5,000
1 Prize of 4,000 is 4,000
1 Prize of 2,500 is 2,500
1 Prize of 1,340 is 1,340
6 Prize of 1,000 is 6,000
12 Prize of 500 is 6,000
156 Prize of 50 is 7,800
780 Prize of 10 is 7,800
7,800 Prize of 5 is 39,000
8,760 Prizes 97,440

        15,600 Blanks--24,360 Tickets.

        This is a Lottery formed by the ternary permutation of 30 numbers. To determine the prizes therein, the 30 numbers will be publicly placed in a wheel on the day of drawing, and four of them be drawn out; and that ticket having on it the 1st, 2d and 3d drawn numbers, in the order in which drawn, will be entitled to the prize of $12,000.

        And those five other Tickets, having on them the same numbers, shall be entitled to the prize affixed to them respectively, viz:

        
The 1st, 3d and 2d to $6,000
The 2d, 1st and 3d to 5,000
The 2d, 3d and 1st to 4,000
The 3d, 1st and 2d to 2,500
The 3d, 2d and 1st to 1,350

        The 6 tickets which shall have on them the 1st, 2d and 3d drawn numbers, in some of their orders, will each be entitled to a prize of $1,000.

        The 12 tickets which shall have on them any other three of the drawn numbers, in any order of permutation, will each be entitled to a prize of $500.

        The 156 tickets which shall have two of the drawn numbers on them, and those two the 3d and 4th, will each be entitled to a prize of $50.

        Those 780 tickets which shall have on them some other two of the drawn numbers, will each be entitled to a prize of $10.


Page 142

        And those 7,800 tickets, which shall have on them some of the drawn numbers, will each be entitled to a prize of $5.

        No ticket which shall have drawn a prize of superior denomination shall be entitled to an inferior prize. Prizes payable forty days after the drawing and subject to the usual deduction of 15 per cent.

        Tickets and Shares can be had in the above scheme at the Manager's Offices.

        
Whole Tickets $5.00
Halves 2.50
Quarters 1.25

        Tickets and Shares in the above Lottery are for sale at the office of the Catawba Journal. Orders by mail, enclosing the cash, will be promptly attended to.

        --Catawba, Journal, August 1, 1826.

DRAWING
On the 21st of February, 1827.

        ONLY 7,980 TICKETS.

        NORTH CAROLINA LOTTERY, For the benefit of THE OXFORD ACADEMY. Third Class. To be drawn at Raleigh, on Wednesday, the 21st of February next. J. B. YATES & A. MCINTYRE, Managers.

        

SCHEME.

1 Prizes of $7,000 is $7,000
1 Prizes of 5,000 is 5,000
1 Prizes of 2,500 is 2,500
1 Prizes of 1,500 is 1,500
1 Prizes of 1,320 is 1,320
1 Prizes of 1,250 is 1,250
108 Prizes of 40 is 4,320
108 Prizes of 20 is 2,160
108 Prizes of 10 is 1,080
2,754 Prizes of 5 is 13,770
3,084 Prizes, 7,980 Tickets, $39,900
4,896 Blanks, 7,980 Tickets, $39,900

        In this Scheme, composed of 21 Numbers by permutation, producing 7,980 Tickets, and with three drawn ballots, there will be six prizes with


Page 143

three of the drawn Numbers on them; 324 with two on; and 2,754 with one only, of the drawn numbers on them.

        To determine the prizes, the 21 Nos. from 1 to 21, inclusive, will be placed in a wheel on the day of drawing, and three of them be drawn out, and that ticket having on it, for its permutation numbers, the three numbers drawn from the wheel, in the order in which drawn, will be entitled to the prize of $7,000.

        And those five other tickets having the same numbers on them in the following orders, shall be entitled to the prizes affixed to them respectively, viz:

        
The 1st, 3d, and 2d, to $5,000
2d, 1st, and 3d, to 2,500
2d, 3d, and 1st, to 1,500
3d, 1st, and 2d, to 1,320
3d, 2d, and 1st, to 1,250

        Those 108 tickets, having two of the drawn numbers on them, and those two the second and third in either order, will each be entitled to a prize of $40.

        Those 108 tickets, having two of the drawn numbers on them, and those two the second and htird in either order, will each be entitled to a prize of $20.

        All others with two of the drawn numbers on them, being 108, will each be entitled to a prize of $10.

        And those 2,754 tickets, having one only of the drawn numbers on them, will be entitled to a prize of $5.

        No ticket which shall have drawn a prize of a superior denomination can be entitled to an inferior prize.

        Prizes payable forty days after the drawing, and subject to the usual deduction of fifteen per cent.

         Tickets and Shares in the above Lottery for sale at this Office. Present prices of Tickets, $6; Halves $3; Quarters $1.50.

        --Catawba, Journal, January 30, 1827.

OXFORD MALE ACADEMY EXAMINATIONS, 1825.

        THE Examination this day closed. A vacation will take place until the 20th inst., when the exercises will be resumed as heretofore, under the direction of James D. Johnson.

        W. M. SNEED, Sec'ry.

        June 2.

        The Editors of the Star, Petersburg Intelligencer, and Edenton Gazette, will insert the foregoing for three weeks, and forward their bills.

        --Raleigh Register, June 10, 1825.

        THE Examination of the Students in this Institution, will commence on Monday the 14th of November next, and the Report thereof be read on Wednesday the 16th.


Page 144

        The first Session of 1826 will commence on the 2d Monday in January, as heretofore, under the charge of Mr. James D. Johnson.

        Oct. 16.

        WM. M. SNEED, Sec'y.

        The Editors of the Star, Western Carolinian, Edenton Gazette and Petersburg Intelligencer, will publish the above and forward their bills to Stephen K. Sneed, Treasurer.

        --Raleigh Register, November 4, 1825.

OXFORD MALE ACADEMY FOR 1826.

        THE Exercises of this school will commence on the second Monday in January next, under the superintendance of Mr. Jas. D. Johnson, the gentleman who has for several years past presided over this Institution with so much ability.

        WM. M. SNEED, Sec'y.

        Oxford, Granville County, N. C., December, 1825.

        --Raleigh Register, December 16, 1825.

OXFORD ACADEMY TEACHERS FOR 1826.

OXFORD MALE ACADEMY.

        THE Exercises of this Institution again open on Monday the 26th of June, under Mr. James D. Johnson, who has had charge of it for several years.

        Oxford Female Academy commences its Summer Session on the 19th June. The Rev. Joseph Labaree, Principal.

        June 13.

        To be published in the Edenton Gazette, Petersburg Intelligencer, and Lynchburg paper, for three weeks, and then send their accts. to the Post-master at Oxford and they will be discharged immediately.

        --Raleigh Register, June 13, 1826.

OXFORD EXAMINATION IN JUNE, 1826.

(Communicated.)
OXFORD ACADEMY.

        The examination of the Students of the Oxford Academy closed on the 9th inst. It is but justice to state, that the high character this Institution has held for several years, is fully sustained by the present Instructors. It affords particular pleasure to be able to say that the Female Department, under the care of Rev. Joseph Labaree, gave highly satisfactory proofs to all present, of the diligence and ability with which it has been conducted during the last session. Very little attention appeared to have been devoted to that kind of preparation for examination which is designed merely for display to captivate the multitude. The young ladies generally, evinced, that their own exertions


Page 145

had been diligently and judiciously directed by able teachers to the several branches of useful learning suitable to their respective ages and capacities. Their progress and attainments were of course respectable and of a profitable kind. The ornamental branches of needlework, drawing, painting, and music, had not been neglected, and the specimens of skill in each were highly creditable to all concerned.

        It is believed that Parents may entrust their children to the care of the present instructors with a confidence that their minds, morals, and manners, will receive due attention.

        A SPECTATOR.

        --Raleigh Register, June 16, 1826.

OXFORD ACADEMY EXAMINATIONS, JUNE, 1827.

OXFORD
MALE AND FEMALE ACADEMY.

        THE Friends and Patrons of the above Seminaries are respectfully invited to attend the Examinations; on Monday the 4th of June, the Examination of the Male Academy will commence. Report to be read and honours to be distributed on Wednesday morning, immediately after which the Examination of the Female Academy will commence and close with a Musical exhibition, &c. on Thursday evening. The summer session of the Female Academy will open on the following Monday. Rev. Joseph Labaree Principal; that of the Male Academy under James D. Johnson, will commence on Monday the 25th of June.

        Oxford, N. Carolina, May 5, 1827.

        A. BURTON, Sec.

        The Petersburg Intelligencer, Edenton Gazette, Warrenton Reporter, Tarborough Free Press and Norfolk Herald, will publish the above advertisement four times and forward their accounts to the Postmaster, Oxford.

        --Raleigh Register, May 11, 1827.

OXFORD ACADEMIES--EXAMINATIONS, 1828.

        THE Examination of the Oxford Male Academy begins on Monday June 2d, and closes by reading the semi-annual Report on Wednesday morning; immediately after which the Examination of the Female Academy takes place and will be concluded on Thursday evening by an exhibition of Music. All that feel interested are respectfully invited to attend.

        The Summer Session of these Academies opens as follows: the Female under the care of Rev. Jos. Labaree on Monday June 16th, and the Male opens on Monday 23d of June, James D. Johnson, Principal as heretofore.

        THOS. B. LITTLEJOHN, Pres.

        P. S. The Editors of the Tarboro' Press, Edenton Gazette and Norfolk Herald will publish the above two weeks, and after an interval of


Page 146

two weeks, continue for three weeks longer that part relating to the opening of the Session, and forward their accounts to the Oxford Post Master.

        Oxford, May 10.

        --Raleigh Register, May 16, 1828.

        All interested are invited to attend the Examination of the Male Academy on Monday the 10th of November. Report to be read on Wednesday morning; immediately after which the Examination of the Female Academy will commence, and conclude on Thursday evening with an Exhibition of Music.

        The Winter Session of these Seminaries opens on Monday, 12th Jan. 1829. James D. Johnson, Principal of the Male, and the Rev. Joseph Labaree of the Female Academy, as heretofore.

        Oxford, Oct. 20, 1828.

        THO'S B. LITTLEJOHN, Prest.

        The Tarboro' Press, Edenton Gazette, and Norfolk Herald will publish this three weeks and forward their acts. to the Oxford P. M.

        --Raleigh Register, October 28, 1828.

OXFORD ACADEMIES--EXAMINATION, 1829.

        The Examination of the Male Students will begin on Monday, June 1st, and close with the semi-annual Report Wednesday morning--immediately after which the Examination of the Female Academy takes place, and will conclude with an Exhibition of Music on Thursday evenin. All interested are respectfully solicited to attend.

        The Summer Session of these Academies opens as follows: The Female under the care of Rev. Joseph Larabee, will open on Monday, June 15th--The Male on Monday, June 22d, James D. Johnson, Principal.

        THO'S B. LITTLEJOHN, Prest.

        Oxford, May 8th, 1829.

        P. S. The Tarboro' Press, the Edenton Gazette & Norfolk Herald, will publish the above two weeks, and then, after an interval of two weeks, continue for three weeks that part relating to the opening of the session, and forward their accounts as heretofore.

        --Raleigh Register, May 12, 1829.

S. C. LINDSLY PRINCIPAL OF OXFORD ACADEMY, 1830.

OXFORD MALE ACADEMY, N. C.

        THE Trustees are gratified in being able to announce to the public, that they have employed Mr. Silas C. Lindsly, as Principal of this Institution, for the next year--an experienced Teacher of eminent qualifications. Mr. Lindsly is a Graduate of Princeton College, N. J., and comes highly recommended by Dr. Archibald Alexander and Dr. Canarhan, President of that College. Under these circumstances, the Board flatter themselves that their Academy, under the care of Mr. Lindsly,


Page 147

will continue to maintain its high standing as well as to merit and receive a liberal patronage from an enlightened community.

        The Winter Session will commence on Monday the 11th day of January, 1830.

        --Raleigh Register, January 4, 1830.

J. H. WILKES PRINCIPAL OXFORD MALE ACADEMY, 1832.

        The Trustees have engaged Mr. James H. Wilkes to take charge of this Seminary the ensuing year. The Winter Session will commence the Second Monday of January next.

        The qualifications of Mr. Wilkes are well known, and are highly appreciated by all who are acquainted with them.

        The course of Studies will be such as will prepare for any of our Colleges.

        Board in respectable families is cheap, and as Oxford is famed for health, morality and good society, the Trustees feel confident that their Academy will continue to receive as heretofore, a liberal patronage.

        The terms of Tuition will be for all English branches, $9 per session of 5 months, and for the Languages $12.50--payable in advance.

        Oxford, Nov. 14, 1832.

        JAMES M. WIGGINS, Sec'y.

        --Raleigh Register, Friday, November 23, 1832.

A. HART PRINCIPAL OXFORD MALE ACADEMY, 1838.

        THE prominent advantages of this Institution, render it peculiarly deserving the notice of Parents and Guardians.

        Oxford is surpassed by no village in the South in its healthfulness, pleasant location, good society, and freedom from dissipation.

        The Principal, Mr. A. HART, is a gentleman of considerable attainments in classical and scientific knowledge, acquired in England, Italy and France. He is not only well versed in the Greek and Latin Classics, but familiar with Modern Languages and all the numerous branches of Physical, Mathematical, Moral and Intellectual Science.

        In training the Students to respect their Teachers, their companions and themselves, strict regard will be had to inculcate virtuous principles, honorable feelings and gentlemanly conduct. The government will be parental rather than severe; and the Students' minds directed to habits of industry, accurate observation and deep enquiry.

        Mr. T. HIGGINS, a graduate of an European College, and an excellent classical scholar, is engaged for the ensuing year to instruct the junior classes.

        Classical Students will be prepared to enter the Freshman or Sophomore class, agreeably to the course of studies prescribed by the University of the State. Terms, Classical Students $15.00, English, from $6.00 to $15.00 per session.

        French, 3 les. a week, $ 7.50 Per Ses. Extra.

        Spanish, 3 les. a week, 10.00 Per Ses. Extra.


Page 148

        The Tuition fees are required in advance; and the amount of half a session will be the smallest charge.

        The first session of 1838 will begin on the 22d of January, and the Examination will be on Monday and Tuesday the 18th and 19th of June.

        By Order of the Trustees.

        Oxford, N. C., Dec. 1, 1837.

        Col. James Nuttal is willing to receive a select number of Students, to be under the immediate care of the Principal, who will reside with them. Terms eight dollars per month in advance. Board can also be had in other respectable families for from $8 to $10 per month.

        --Raleigh Register, January 1, 1838.

OXFORD ACADEMY UNDER D. F. ROBERTSON, 1838.

        The Trustees of this Institution feel much pleasure in informing the public that they have (through the agency of "The American Association for the supply of Teachers," established in the city of Philadelphia,) engaged the services of Mr. David F. Robertson, as Superintendent of the Male Department; and that he is now engaged in performing the duties of that station.

        Mr. Robertson comes commended to their confidence in a very satisfactory manner, "for moral and literary character, and for talents that will recommend him as an accomplished Instructor." He has upwards of four years' experience in teaching; and has been connected, as an Instructor, with two very popular institutions in New York.

        With respect to Mr. R's past success and popularity as a Teacher, we here publish the following certificate, given to him by the Trustees of the Albany Academy, Albany, New York, viz:

        "Mr. D. F. Robertson, the bearer of this, has been tutor in the Albany Academy for the last sixteen months. He was appointed to that place on the strength of recommendations from his native country (Scotland:) from individuals in Virginia, where he had been a private teacher; and from the other Academy in this city (Albany.) Mr. Robertson has proved himself able and faithful in his duties, assiduous and kind to the youth under his care, and we believe he will merit the confidence and approbation of his future patrons. His moral character is unimpeachable, and he leaves the Albany Academy, of which we are Trustees, on his own resignation, having obtained what he considers a preferable situation. (Signed)

        GIDEON HAWLEY,
J. R. CAMPBELL,
D. R. BECK,
FOS. B. SPRAGUE.

        Albany, April, 1838.

        The Trustees feel pleasure in offering to parents and guardians, the benefits of their Institution, under the superintendence of a gentleman thus qualified.


Page 149

        The prices of tuition remain as heretofore; and board can be obtained in respectable families at the common prices.

        By order of the Board,

        THO. B. LITTLEJOHN, Pres't.

        JAMES M. WIGGINS, Sect'y.

        July 26, 1838.

        --Raleigh Register, July 30, 1838.

OXFORD ACADEMY TEACHERS, 1839.

        The Exercises of this Institution closed on the 7th December, and will be resumed on Wednesday, the 4th January.

        The Trustees would state, in reference to Mr. D. F. Robertson, the Principal of the Academy, that he was first appointed to his present station by the Association for the Supply of Teachers in Philadelphia; that the appropriate testimonials were from highly creditable and well known individuals in the State of New York, Scotland and Philadelphia; that his residence here during the last five months affords satisfactory evidence that his abilities were not overrated in these testimonials; and that they believe his moral and intellectual attainments distinguish him as an able Instructor and Disciplinarian.

        The Committee of Visitation report that they were particularly pleased to witness the strict ORDER that pervades the various classes, the minuteness and accuracy of the System of Instruction adopted, and the correct and dignified deportment of even the smaller boys. Mr. Robertson acknowledges no system of Morals, or of Academical Government, that is not founded on the plain teaching of Scripture, as commonly understood by all good men; and the serious perusal of the Bible forms a part of the daily exercises of the Academy.

        The Trustees confidently offer to the public the benefits of an Eligible School. The prices of tuition are the same as heretofore; and Board can be obtained in respectable families on reasonable terms.

        Mr. and Mrs. Hughes have been employed in the Female Department both of whom have had considerable experience, and bring with them testimonials of a flattering character from gentlemen of high standing in Virginia, where they have been principally engaged in teaching. The Exercises of the School will commence on the 15th of January.

        Persons patronizing this School, can either board with the Principal, or with families in the village.

        By order of the Board,

        THOS. B. LITTLEJOHN, Pres't.

        JAMES WIGGINS, Sec'y.

        Dec. 12th, 1838.

        --Raleigh Register, December 24, 1838.

FALL TERM OXFORD ACADEMY, 1839.

        This Institution (incorporated in the year 1811) occupies an eligible and spacious edifice, and is situated in a village proverbial for the good health of the inhabitants. The last Session closed, by a Public Examination,


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on the 21st inst. The next Session will commence on the first Monday in July, under the superintendence of Dr. D. F. Robertson, who has had charge of the Academy during the past year. The moral and Literary character of the Principal, his experience and success as an Instructor of youth, and the accurate proficiency in Classical and English studies, manifested by the Students at the late Examination, do, in our opinion, commend this Institution to the confidence of the Public.

        By order of the Board,

        THOS. B. LITTLEJOHN, Pres't.

        JAS. M. WIGGINS, Sec'y.

        Oxford, June, 1839.

        --Raleigh Register, July 13, 1839.

THOMAS H. WILLIE AGAIN PRINCIPAL.

OXFORD MALE ACADEMY.

        The exercises of this Institution will commence the ensuing year on the first Monday in January, under the care of Mr. Thomas H. Willie. The prices of tuition will be, for 1st class (beginners) $7.50; 2nd Do including Reading, Writing and Arithmetick, $10.00; 3rd Do. the former including English Grammar and Geography $12.50; 4th Do. Latin and Greek Languages, Sciences etc. $15.00 per session of five months, and 75 cents contingent expenses. Board in respectable families at $8 per month. The character and qualifications of Mr. Willie, his experience as a teacher, the healthy and pleasant location of Oxford, the moral and intellectual character of the village and its vicinity, it is believed, will ensure to this Institution a liberal share of public patronage.

        THOS. B. LITTLEJOHN, Presdt.

        Oxford, Nov. 26th, 1839.

        J. M. WIGGINS, Sec'y.

        --The Raleigh Star, December 11, 1839.

OXFORD FEMALE SEMINARY, 1822.

WARRENTON FEMALE ACADEMY.
Removal.

        JOSEPH ANDREWS & THOMAS P. JONES, Principals of the above Academy, having disposed of their interest in the Premises now occupied by them, will, immediately after the close of the present Session, remove to the healthy and pleasant village of Williamsborough, in Granville County, 18 miles west from Warrenton. The School will open on the second Monday in January, 1823. The same course of studies heretofore pursued, will be continued under all the same teachers, (they being members of the family.) The Pupils are instructed, not only in the rudiments of knowledge, but also in the highest branches of science ever taught in Female Seminaries, including Grammar and Parsing, Belles Lettres, Geography, Chemistry, Botany, Natural Philosophy,


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Astronomy, &c. The Principals possess a better philosophical apparatus than most of our colleges; and lectures are delivered on the different subjects, accompanied with experiments. Board and Tuition in all the above branches, $50 per Session. Music, Drawing and Painting, and the Latin and Greek Languages are also taught and are charged as follows: Music 30 dollars, Drawing and Painting 20 dollars, and the Languages 10 dollars per Session.

        The amount for Board and Tuition is payable in advance, and each lady is to furnish herself with a coverlid, a pair of sheets, blankets and towels.

        New Pupils pay only from the part of the Session in which they are admitted. There are eight competent teachers, whose time is devoted to the business of this Institution.

        Warrenton, Oct. 29, 1822.

        --Raleigh Register, November 1, 1822.

        [This school was conducted at Williamsborough for one Year and then moved to Oxford.--C. L. C.]

JONES AND ANDREWS MOVE TO OXFORD.

ANDREWS & JONES' NORTH CAROLINA FEMALE
ACADEMY.

        This Institution, which, during the present year has been located in Williamsborough, will open in Oxford, on the first Monday in February next. The principals have been induced to a change of residence, with a view to a permanent establishment where the premises will comfortably accommodate their pupils; and they have altered the time of commencing the scholastic Year, for the convenience and at the general request of their patrons.

        The pupils are instructed in Needle-work, Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, Grammar and Parsing, Geography, Mythology, History, Belles Lettres, Natural Philosophy, Chymistry, Botany and Astronomy.

        The terms for board, washing and tuition, in all the above branches are Sixty Dollars per session payable in advance. Music, vocal and instrumental, Thirty Dollars per session. Drawing and Painting, Twenty Dollars per session. Dancing is also taught by a competent master. * * * The system of education is in all the departments radical: by the aid of an excellent apparatus, the truths of Natural Philosophy, Chymistry and Astronomy, are experimentally illustrated, and are thus rendered objects of sense. There are six teachers constantly engaged; three excellent Piano Fortes are employed in the musical department, and the models for Drawing and Painting, are numerous and good.

        No expenditures are allowed, but such as are authorized by parents or guardians; and the principals are determined strictly to inforce the


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rule prohibiting finery in dress; in summer, coloured cotton dresses, and in winter, worked stuffs, will be worn by all the young ladies.

         * * * * * * *

        JOSEPH ANDREWS,
THOMAS P. JONES,
Principals.

        Oxford, Granville co. Dec. 1823.

        --Raleigh Register, December 12, 1823.

OXFORD FEMALE SEMINARY EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1824.

EXAMINATION.
NORTH-CAROLINA FEMALE ACADEMY.

        ANDREWS & JONES inform the friends of this Institution, that the semi-annual Examination of their Pupils will commence on Wednesday the 30th of June, and close on the 2d of July. GOLD MEDALS will be presented to those young ladies who have completed their studies.

        The Fall Session will commence on the 5th of July, there being no summer vacation. About twenty new pupils can be admitted. Board and Tuition sixty dollars per session; Music, Drawing, and Dancing, if taught, are charged extra.

        Oxford, June 6.

        --Raleigh Register, June 15, 1824.

JONES AND ANDREWS RETURN TO PHILADELPHIA, 1825.

        We learn that in consequence of the determination of Messrs. Andrews and Jones to leave the North-Carolina Female Academy, Mr. Jos. B. Warne, who has for seven years past been a tutor in that institution, intends to commence a school upon the plan of that celebrated establishment, which will go into operation at the beginning of next year.

        In this undertaking, he is to be assisted by his son-in-law Mr. Baker, and three other competent teachers, members of their family, including Miss Emma Baker who is now assistant Music Teacher in the Academy at Oxford. Mr. Warne and Miss Baker are the only two of the teachers, concerned in the present establishment who do not leave the Southern States, at the end of the year. They are now seeking an eligible situation in which to locate themselves, and when that is decided on, the plan, terms, &c, will be made known.

        --Raleigh Register, August 16, 1825.

SELECT FEMALE SEMINARY,
IN PHILADELPHIA.

        Mr. & Mrs. Andrews, and Dr. & Mrs. Jones, now of the North-Carolina Female Academy, are about to return to Philadelphia, where they propose to receive twelve pupils only, to board and educate. The


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course of instruction will embrace all the branches of English Literature and Science, ever taught in Female Seminaries, together with the French Language, Music, Drawing and Dancing. In every Department, the most competent teachers will be employed. On Natural History, Botany, Natural Philosophy, Chemistry & Astronomy, the pupils will attend regular courses of lectures, accompanied by experimental demonstrations.

        Children will take their meals with the family, be its constant associates, and will be regarded with parental anxiety and tenderness: they will alternately visit with the members of the family, and every means calculated to cultivate the understanding and polish the manners will be carefully pursued.

        Books, Music, Instruments, and every other article necessary for the instruction and comfort of the pupils (wearing apparel excepted) will be supplied by the principals, and the whole included in one general charge of $450 for the scholastic year, so that parents and guardians will know the exact amount to be paid. When the smallness of the number of pupils, the talents employed, and the advantages offered are considered, the terms will not appear high. It is intended to open the Seminary on the 1st of April, 1826.

        Persons wishing for further information, respecting the plan, may obtain it, together with the most satisfactory references, as regards the standing, character and abilities of the principals, by addressing a letter (post paid) to Andrews and Jones, Oxford, N. C. An early application is desired.

        Oxford, Sept. 1, 1825.

        --Raleigh Register, September 2, 1825.

        We have received the Prospectus of a new paper to be printed weekly, at Philadelphia, under the title of the "Franklin Journal and Mechanic's Magazine." It is to be under the patronage of the Franklin Institute of Pennsylvania, and is to be edited by Dr. Thos. P. Jones, at present one of the Principals in the Oxford Female Academy, and who is appointed Professor of Mechanics in the Institute. The object of this publication will be to diffuse information on every subject connected with the useful arts, but is particularly intended for the benefit of those engaged in Mechanical pursuits. Our acquaintance with the Editor, warrants us in recommending his proposed Journal to the patronage of the public, confident that his abilities and resources are such as will render it interesting and valuable.

        Subscriptions received at this office. Terms, $3.50 a year, paid in advance.

        We take pleasure in stating that Dr. Thomas P. Jones of Philadelphia, late of Oxford, in this State, is appointed by the Secretary of State to succeed Dr. Thornton, as Superintendent of the Patent Office, at Washington. The Franklin Journal, which has given so much celebrity to Dr. Jones as its Editor, will be continued, it is presumed, by


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him. His acquirements in practical science and chemistry, and his great knowledge of Mechanics, has procured him the most honorable distinction in the estimation of scientific and literary men.

        --Raleigh Register, April 25, 1828.

        Dr. Thomas P. Jones, formerly of Granville County, in this State, and late a Professor of the Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, is appointed Professor of Chemistry in the Medical Department of the Columbian College. This appointment will not interfere with his duties as Superintendent of the Patent Office.

        --Raleigh Register, June 3, 1828.

JOSEPH LABARRE SUCCEEDS JONES AND ANDREWS, 1826.

EXAMINATION.
NORTH-CAROLINA FEMALE ACADEMY.

        THE Examination of the pupils in this Institution, will commence on Monday the 28th of November, and continue for three days, when Gold Medals will be publicly presented to several young ladies.

        The exercises of the Academy will be resumed on the 2d Monday in January, under the care of the Rev. Joseph Labarre, from New York, who has engaged able assistants, and is determined to preserve the reputation of the establishment.

        Oxford, October, 1825.

        --Raleigh Register, November 1, 1825.

LAST EXAMINATION AT JONES AND ANDREWS' SCHOOL.

EXAMINATION AND BALL.

        THE subscriber returns thanks to his friends and the public for the very liberal patronage heretofore extended to his house of PUBLIC ENTERTAINMENT; and he takes this method thus publicly to inform them, that the examination of the pupils of Messrs. Andrews and Jones will take place on the 28th of November next, and that on the 29th, he will furnish a Ball to the Visitors. As this will be the last exhibition those gentlemen will have in this State, it is expected that the company will be numerous and fashionable.

        Oct. 15, 1825.

        DAVID MITCHELL.

        --Raleigh Register, November 8, 1825.

OXFORD FEMALE SEMINARY TEACHERS FOR 1826.

NORTH CAROLINA FEMALE ACADEMY.

        THIS Institution, which for several years past, has been conducted by Messrs Andrews and Jones, will in future be superintended by Revd. Joseph Labaree, assisted by Revd. Thomas Skelton and wife, from Massachusetts, Miss Hannah Kennedy, who for several years


Page 155

past has taught Painting and Drawing, in the school of Messrs. Andrews and Jones, and three other able and experienced teachers. The plan of instruction in the institution, will be the same as that heretofore pursued.

        Except when parents or guardians have near relatives in town, the pupils will board with the principal, will take their meals at the same table with his family, and in all respects be treated as his own children.

        Board and tuition, in all the branches of English study, and needlework, will be charged at only sixty dollars per session. Music at thirty, Painting and Drawing at twenty. The foreign and dead languages, if required, will be taught by competent instructors. The school will be a cheap one. The principal is determined that there shall be no cause of complaint in future of extra and unexpected charges. No charges will be allowed except such as are particularly required by the parent or guardian. The government of the school will be strictly parental--the government of kindness and of reason.

        The principal will feel himself responsible for the morals and manners of his pupils, and while everything sectarian on the subject of religion will wholly be avoided, he will do all in his power to give them genteel manners, and to imbue their minds with those moral truths, which elevate the views, ennoble the feelings, and give some just notions of the real dignity of our nature.

        The first session will commence on the 2d Monday of January next. Each pupil will be required to furnish her own sheets, blankets and counterpane.

        --Raleigh Register, December 16, 1825.

EXAMINATIONS AND ANNOUNCEMENTS, 1826.

        THE Summer Examination of the Oxford Female Academy, will commence on Wednesday the 7th of June next. Parents and Guardians, and those friendly to Female Education, are invited to attend.

        The Second Session of the Institution will commence on the 19th of June.

        JOSEPH LABARRE,
Principal.

        Oxford, May 23d, 1826.

        --Raleigh Register, May 26, 1826.

        THE Fall examination of this Institution will commence on Wednesday the 8th of November next, and close on the Friday evening following. The first session of the next year will commence on the 2nd Monday of January. The very liberal patronage which has been given to the Seminary the past year has encouraged the Principal to increase the number of Teachers, and to make some important additions to the course of studies heretofore pursued. He has engaged a Gentleman and Lady for the ensuing year, who have had a long and successful experience in teaching in some of the first Academies in our Country.


Page 156

        A Cabinet of Minerals, a Chymical and Philosophical Apparatus will be added before the commencement of the next session, and every recitation in Chymistry, Natural Philosophy, Astronomy and Mineralogy will be accompanied with a Lecture, and the principles in those Sciences illustrated by appropriate experiments.

        Particular attention will be paid to plain and ornamental penmanship, to the projection and drawing of Maps, and to plain and ornamental Needle-work. A stated Lecture will be given to the two higher classes, on Moral Philosophy, able and experienced instructors will be engaged in the departments of Music, Drawing and Painting. The Seminary is well furnished with Maps, Globes, &c.

        No alteration to be made in the price of board and tuition.

        Oxford, Sept. 21st, 1826.

        --Raleigh Register, September 26, 1826.

        JOSEPH LABAREE.

COURSE OF STUDY OXFORD FEMALE SEMINARY, 1827.

OXFORD FEMALE ACADEMY.

        SEVERAL Gentlemen from a distance, having requested information respecting the course of Studies pursued in this Institution, the manner of teaching, price of board, tuition, &c. we embrace the present opportunity of making a public statement on those subjects.

        The following branches are taught, viz. Reading, Spelling, Plain and Ornamental Penmanship, Arithmetic, English Grammar, Geography with the use of the Globes, Projecting and Drawing Maps, Biography, Belles Lettres, Grecian, Roman and Jewish Antiquities, Botany, Mineralogy, Chemistry, Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, Philosophy of the Mind, and Plain and Ornamental Needle-work.

        The price of Board and Tuition in the above Branches, is $60 per session of 5 months. Music thirty--Painting and Drawing twenty--Latin Language ten--French ten dollars.

        With regard to the manner of Teaching, the Instructors keep one object constantly in view, viz. to bring the understanding into exercise without burdening the memory. We do not think we have accomplished great things, simply because we can persuade a child to repeat a long lesson from the book. It is our object to fix the attention on particular facts and to get the pupil to understand the nature of those facts; and this not only in the higher branches, but in the first elements. In simple Arithmetic and English Grammar, we commence in this way; and by this method, we gain not only much more rapid progress in the first stages, but what in our opinion is of vastly greater importance, we get the pupil, almost without exception, to be fond of the study in which she is engaged. Study is then not an odious task, but a delightful employment. Nothing is more pleasing to youth than to discover the strength of their own powers of understanding. This discovery we endeavor to get them to make, and when this is accomplished we have no fears, but corresponding efforts will be made to


Page 157

bring these powers into exercise. Since the commencement of the Session, we have received a Chemical and Philosophical Apparatus; and now, each recitation in Chemistry, Philosophy and Astronomy, is accompanied with a Lecture and Experiments illustrating the principles of these sciences.

        A close and parental watchfulness is exercised over the young ladies who board with the Principal, and while every necessary indulgence for exercise and recreation will be allowed them, nothing inconsistent with strict decorum & genteel manners will be permitted.

        The local situation of this Institution is peculiarly propitious. The healthfulness of the place is extraordinary. Not an instance of serious illness has ever been known among the pupils, since a boarding school had been established here; and since the commencement of the last summer session, they have enjoyed uninterrupted health. The moral character of the society of Oxford and the vicinity, needs not our commendation; and what we consider equally favorable for the institution is, that a lively interest is manifested for its prosperity, and our first families pay every attention to the young ladies from abroad, consistent with the attainment of the object for which they were sent here by their Parents and Guardians. The Principal has four Assistants, three ladies and one gentleman, all constantly engaged--and we take this opportunity of assuring the public, that no exertions or expense within their power shall be wanting to make the Institution what it ought to be.

        JOSEPH LABAREE.

        Oxford, March 17.

        --Raleigh Register, March 23, 1827.

JOSEPH LABAREE MOVES TO OHIO, 1829.

        On the 19th of November, the Rev. J. Labaree, was released from the Pastoral charge of the Church of Oxford, and dismissed, at his request, and recommended to the Presbytery of Columbus, Ohio. The Church of Oxford is now vacant.

        --Raleigh Register, January 14, 1830.

E. HOLLISTER, PRINCIPAL OF OXFORD FEMALE SEMINARY, 1830.

SOUTHERN FEMALE CLASSICAL SEMINARY.

        MR. & MRS. HOLLISTER have removed their Seminary for Young Ladies to Oxford, N. C. and have engaged the assistance of Miss E. Humphreys, in the Department of Music. Of the qualifications of Miss Humphreys, the public need no better proof than the high reputation which she has maintained during the two last years as a Teacher of Music in Oxford, and the fact that previous to her coming to this place she was the principal Teacher of Music in the celebrated Moravian School at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.

        This Seminary, which has been in operation in Mecklenburg, Va. for two years past, has received unequivocal proofs of the approbation


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of an enlightened public. The plans employed for promoting habits of diligence and correct deportment, are, for the most part original, and very powerful in their influence.

        The next Session will commence on Monday the 11th of January next. For further particulars, enquiries may be addressed to Rev. E. Hollister, Oxford, N. C.

        Dec. 1829.

        --Raleigh Register, December 21, 1829.

EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1830.

SOUTHERN FEMALE CLASSICAL SEMINARY,
OXFORD, N. C.

        The Semi-annual Examination at this Seminary will take place on the 9th and 10th of June. On the evening of the 10th, there will be a Musical Entertainment; at the close of which the reports of recitations, &c. will be read, and honours and premiums awarded.

        The next Session will commence on Wednesday, the 16th of June.

        May 20, 1830.

        --The Star, May 27, 1830.

        E. HOLLISTER.

HOLLISTER'S ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1831.

SOUTHERN FEMALE CLASSICAL SEMINARY,
Oxford, N. C.

        The next session will commence on Monday the 10th of January next. The School will continue to be conducted by Mr. & Mrs. Hollister, to be assisted by a young lady well qualified for the business and acquainted with their plan of instruction. Miss Huntley, whose superior qualifications are well known, will continue to instruct in Music. She will bring with her on her return from Philadelphia, an additional Piano, so that the pupils in Music will have the use of two good Pianos.

        The course of instruction is more extensive than in most female academies, calculated to improve the judgment and the reasoning powers, as well as the memory of the pupils, and adapted to their moral as well as intellectual nature.

        The pupils who reside with the instructors, are under a parental care, and have the advantage of a genteel and intelligent society in a circle where their moral feelings as well as manners may be improved.

        The terms for board and tuition in the branches comprised in the course of study, are $55 per session; Music $25; Drawing and Painting $10; French or Latin $10, payable in advance. No other extra charges are made. Books and stationary are furnished, if desired, at the New York prices. Scholars are received at any time, and charged only from the time of their entrance. Application for admission of scholars may be made to the Rev. E. H. Hollister, Oxford, N. C.

        Dec. 14, 1830.

        --Star and North Carolina Gazette, Thursday, December 30, 1830.


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ANNOUNCEMENTS AND TEACHERS FOR 1832.

SOUTHERN FEMALE CLASSICAL SEMINARY,
Oxford, N. C.

        The next session will commence on Monday the 9th of January. The school will continue to be conducted by Mr. & Mrs. Hollister, assisted by Miss A. M. Norment. Music will continue to be taught by Miss Humphreys.

        TERMS.--Board and tuition, 55 dollars per session; lessons on the piano, $25; drawing and painting, $10; languages, $10--payable in advance. No other extra charges are made. Application for admission of scholars may be made to Rev. E. Hollister, Oxford. For information respecting the school, the public are referred to the following gentlemen:

        GEN. JOS. H. BRYAN, Oxford,
REV. DR. MCPHEETERS, Raleigh,
REV. D. GOULD, Statesville,
DR. S. GRAHAM, Duplin,
R. WASHINGTON, ESQ. Waynesborough,
WM. B. WRIGHT, ESQ. Fayetteville.

        November 1831.

        --The Star, December 9, 1831.

ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1833.

SOUTHERN FEMALE CLASSICAL SEMINARY,
Oxford, N. C.

        This Seminary is designed as a High School, affording all the advantages of such Schools at the North, and at a moderate expense. It is furnished with a Philosophical and Chemical Apparatus, a Collection of Minerals and a Botanical Collection. The Languages and Ornamental Branches are taught when desired. The School is still under the direction of Mr. & Mrs. Hollister, who expect to obtain from the North a Teacher of Music of the highest qualifications. There are ample accommodations for boarders with the Teachers, who occupy the spacious boarding-house adjoining the Academy. Young Ladies committed to them, enjoy the advantages of good society, and are under a parental care as to health, manners and morals. The next Session will commence on Monday, January 14.

        Dec. 12.

        --Raleigh Register, December 14, 1832.

JESSE RANKIN, PRINCIPAL OF OXFORD FEMALE SEMINARY, 1835.

SOUTHERN FEMALE CLASSICAL SEMINARY,
Oxford, N. C.

        THE EXERCISES of this Institution will be commenced on the Second Monday of January, under the direction of the Subscriber, assisted by his wife, and other competent persons as their aid may


Page 160

become necessary. The Subscriber proposes to conduct the School on the same general plan pursued by his predecessor, under whom it has become so extensively and so favorably known. The prices will be continued, in all respects, as heretofore.

        The School is furnished with Globes, Maps and Pianos, a collection of Geological Specimens, and a Chemical Apparatus.

        The health of the place, the moral and literary character of the society, and the cheapness of board and tuition, present inducements of no small importance to parents wishing to place their daughters in a Boarding School.

        A number of Young Ladies can be accommodated with boarding in the family of the Subscriber, where a parental care will be extended to them. We are so extensively known, and Mrs. Rankin, especially, in the character of a Teacher, that special reference is deemed unnecessary.

        MRS. O'BRIEN, who has so satisfactorily taught Music, will be continued in that Department.

        JESSE RANKIN.

        Nov. 20.

        --Raleigh Register, Tuesday, December 2, 1834.

OXFORD FEMALE SEMINARY HAS NO PRINCIPAL, 1838.

OXFORD FEMALE ACADEMY.

        The Trustees of this Institution wish to procure the services of a competent Teacher for the ensuing year. Heretofore, the School has been well sustained--and to persons wishing a permanent situation, but few places offer as many advantages. Oxford is a handsome Village, and has always been remarkable for health. The buildings attached to the Academy consist of the Principal's house, and all necessary out houses for the accommodation of a large family.

        As heretofore, the undertaker will be required to rent the Principal's house, and to take the School upon his own responsibility.

        Letters upon the subject, "POST PAID," addressed to THO. B. LITTLEJOHN, Esq. President of the Board, will be promptly attended to.

        JAMES M. WIGGINS, Sec'y.

        Oxford, N. C. Oct. 1838.

        The National Intelligencer will publish the above, twice a week, for four weeks, and forward their account to Tho. H. Willie, Treasurer, for payment.

        J. M. W.

        --Raleigh Register, October 8, 1838.

A. G. HUGHES PRINCIPAL OF OXFORD FEMALE SEMINARY, 1839.

OXFORD FEMALE ACADEMY.

        Instruction will be given in all the branches taught in the best Female Schools in the country. The recitations will be accompanied with suitable explanations and illustrations from the Teachers; so as to give the Scholars a thorough and practical knowledge of their studies.


Page 161

        The government of the School will be strictly parental, uniting affection with firmness and efficiency. The unreserved confidence of the Scholars will be encouraged, and a deep interest felt in their welfare. Such attention will be paid to young ladies from abroad, as will render their connection with the School agreeable and satisfactory.

        The Music room is well furnished with Pianos, and it is designed soon to have a Chemical and Philosophical Apparatus, suited to all the purposes of the School, and every exertion will be made to render this what a good Female School should be. Dr. JAMES YOUNG, in whose family the Principals reside, has charge of the Boarding Establishment.

        Terms per session of 5 months:

        
Board from $40 to 45 00
Rudiments of English Education 7 50
Reading, Writing, Elements of Geography, and Arithmetic 10 00
English Grammar, History, Philosophy, Chemistry, Botany, Mineralogy, Geology, Languages, &c 12 50
Music 20 00
Contingencies 75

        The next Session will commence July 1st.

        ANDERSON G. HUGHES,
ANNE E. HUGHES,
Principals.

        "The exercises of the first session of the Oxford Female Academy for the year 1839 closed by a Public Examination on the 14th inst. The Trustees in attendance take much pleasure in offering their testimony as to the satisfactory manner in which the duties of the School have been performed during the first Session. Mr. & Mrs. Hughes have laboured assiduously in cultivating the mind and manners of their Pupils, and their exertions have been rewarded with a degree of success as honourable to them as it is gratifying to the friends and patrons of the Institution. The Musical Department under the care of Mrs. O'Brien has likewise been conducted with great skill and success, and furnishes continued evidence of the diligence and ability of the Instructress."

        "The Trustees confidently recommend this Institution as eminently deserving a continuance of that patronage, which it has received from the public for years past."

        The Standard, Newbern Spectator and Edenton Gazette will please publish the above for two weeks, and send their accounts to this Office for collection.

        --Raleigh Register, June 22, 1839.


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A. G. HUGHES CONTINUES AT OXFORD FEMALE SEMINARY, 1840.

OXFORD FEMALE ACADEMY.

        The exercises of this Institution will be resumed on the 15th of January under the direction of its former principals, who occupy the commodious boarding house connected with the Academy, and who will be prepared to receive young ladies from a distance as boarders. Board can also be had in the best private families, on good terms. The course of study, and terms per session of 5 months, payable in advance, are as follows:

        
For those in the Rudiments of English Education $7 50
For those in Reading, Writing, Grammar, etc. 10 00
For those pursuing any or all the following, viz. Natural or Moral Philosophy, Chemistry, History, Rhetoric, Logic, Astronomy, Botany, Algebra, Geometry, etc. 12 50
Music, with use of Piano 20 00
Board 40 00
Contingencies 50

        Ornamental Needle work, Painting, Languages, etc. also taught if desired.

        ANDERSON G. HUGHES, A. M.,
ANNIE E. HUGHES,
Principals.

        MISS JANE L. HUGHES, Assistant.

        MRS. ANNE O'BRIEN, Instructress in Music.

        --The Raleigh Star, December 11, 1839.

GRASSY CREEK PRIVATE ACADEMY.

        The Exercises of this Institution will commence on the 13th of January, under the direction of Thos. H. Willie. The prices for tuition will be, for Reading, Writing, Arithmetic and English Grammar $7.50 per Session; Geography $10; Latin, Greek and the Sciences $12.50 per Session. * * *

        This Institution is situate four miles north of Oxford.

        BENJ. HILLYARD,
JOSEPH TAYLOR, SEN.
THOMAS B. LEWIS.

        Granville, 12th Jan. 1823.

        --Raleigh Register, January 24, 1823.

HENDERSON'S LAW SCHOOL, 1826.

LAW SCHOOL.

        I have four offices for the reception of Law Students, and shall have a fifth prepared in a short time.

        I shall not deliver formal lectures, but will give explanations whenever requested, examinations will be frequent, & conversations held on


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law topics connected therewith occasionally, most usually at table after meals. Instruction and boarding, exclusive of washing and candles, at $225 a year.

        L. HENDERSON.

        Near to Williamsborough, Granville Co. Feb. 25, 1826.

        --Raleigh Register, March 7, 1826.

HENDERSON CONTINUES HIS SCHOOL, 1828.

LAW SCHOOL.

        MY LAW OFFICES continue open for the reception of Students. I shall occasionally deliver Lectures, but at no stated time; and will at all times give explanations, as far as I am able; and will indulge in and invite free discussion and interchange of opinion upon legal subjects.

        It is not required that any thing should be paid in advance.

        Near Williamsboro', Feb. 1828.

        L. HENDERSON.

        --Raleigh Register, March 4, 1828.

SHILOH CLASSICAL SCHOOL, 1827.

SHILO CLASSICAL SCHOOL,
Granville County, N. C.
January 10, 1827.

        THIS is to inform the Public, with a view of making this School preparatory to a College course as far as circumstances will permit, we have engaged Mr. Robert Tinnin, a young gentleman of excellent classical attainments, and from our knowledge of his talents as an instructor of youth, we have the fullest confidence that he will most faithfully devote himself to the instruction of his pupils, as a disciplinarian, he will be impartial and efficient, and as a teacher eminently successful. From full opportunity of judging, we believe his method of Teaching is well suited to make thorough scholars, and that no parent or Guardian, who may commit youth to his care, will have any reasonable hopes of their progress in learning disappointed.--The school will commence the 3d Monday in January inst.--Board can be obtained in respectable families of the neighborhood, and at moderate prices.--The price of tuition for the languages is $12.50 per session.

        THOS. H. REED,
ALEXANDER SMITH,
HENRY L. GRAVES,
CHARLES L. REED.

        January 31.

        --Raleigh Register, February 2, 1827.

W. C. SUTTON PRINCIPAL OF SHILOH, 1839.

        The second Session of the Shiloh Classical School will commence on the 15th of July. The school is under the care of Mr. William C. Sutton, whose success as a teacher, during the past session is such, as


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fully to meet the recommendations of his friends, and establish himself in the confidence of his patrons. The situation is healthy, and boarding may be had on moderate terms, with the most respectable families of the neighborhood.

TERMS.

        
Latin and Greek, per session $15.00
English, Geography, and Arithmetic 12.50
Beginners in English 10.00

        ROBERT K. CLARK.

REFERENCES.

        Rev. Alexander Wilson, D.D., Caldwell Institute, Greensboro', N. C.

        W. J. Bingham, Hillsborough, N. C.

        Rev. P. D. McCuenn, Shiloh.

        A. W. Venable, Esq. Granville County N. C.

        S. S. Downey, Esq. Granville County N. C.

        J. J. Speed, Esq. Granville County N. C.

        Col. J. Amis, Granville County N. C.

        F. M. Clark, Esq. Granville County N. C.

        Brownsville, Granville, North Carolina, June 22, 1839.

        --Raleigh Register, July 6, 1839.

CONCORD ACADEMY, 1834.

        The subscriber would inform the public, that he continues the school, which was commenced by him last summer, at Concord schoolhouse, in Granville county. It is in the immediate neighborhood of John Wesley Whitfield, and about two miles from Samuel Young's, where the Raleigh and Oxford stage stops to dine. The rates of tuition are as follows: Reading, Writing and Arithmetic, 5 dollars per session. English Grammar, Geography, History and Rhetoric, 6 dollars. The Latin Language, Algebra, Surveying, Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, Book Keeping, &c. 7 dollars. The next session will commence the first Monday in the present month, and continue five months. Board can be had in the neighborhood at 4 dollars per month. Persons at a distance, wishing any additional information, can address the subscriber at Lemay's Cross Roads, Granville county, N. C.

        Jan. 3, 1834.

        J. H. PERRY.

        --The Star, January 10, 1834.

UNION ACADEMY, 1837.

        The exercises of this institution will commence the 30th instant, under the direction of Mr. Richard N. Bennett, who comes highly recommended as an English and Latin Teacher.

        The prices of instruction will be 10 dollars for 10 months, for all the branches usually taught in an English school, and for Latin an additional


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charge of five dollars; board can be had in the neighborhood for 6 or 7 dollars per month.

        This Academy is situated in the county of Granville, about one mile South West of Lemay's X Roads, as healthy a neighborhood as any in the country; every attention will be paid to the moral deportment of the students, and the Trustees flatter themselves that general satisfaction will be given.

        --The Star, January 26, 1837.

FORD CREEK ACADEMY, 1837.

        I take pleasure in announcing to the public that the exercises of this institution will re-commence on Monday the 24th of July, and terminate on the 20th of December. Tuition will be as follows, per session:

        
Spelling, Reading, Writing, Grammar, Geography, Arithmetic, and History $6.00
Latin and Greek Languages 12.50

         * * * *

        ROBERT S. ANDERSON.

        Address, at Ford Creek, Granville County, N. Carolina.

        --The Star, July 5, 1837.

FORD CREEK ACADEMY FOR 1839.

FORD CREEK MALE ACADEMY.

        The Exercises of this School, located near Banks' Chapel, Granville County, will re-commence the first of February, under the control of an experienced Instructor. The Scholastic year will consist of two Sessions of five months each. Tuition, from 12 to $25.

        Those who fail to pay for the first Session, at the expiration thereof, will be bound for the whole Scholastic year. Day Scholars are excluded. Board may be had near the Academy on accommodating terms. The patronage of Parents and Guardians is respectfully solicited.

        January 14, 1839.

        BOARD OF TRUSTEES.

        --Raleigh Register, January 21, 1839.

FORD CREEK ACADEMY FOR 1840.

        The Exercises of this School, located in Granville County, twelve miles South of Oxford, will be resumed on the Second Monday in January next, by Wm. P. Forrest, who has, by his close attention and skill in teaching, given entire satisfaction, the present year.

        Board can be obtained at low rates, either with the Principal, or other respectable families in the neighborhood.


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        Terms of Tuition, per Session of five months:

        
Latin and Greek $12.50
English Grammar & Geography 7.50
Lower Branches of English 6.00

        JAS. WYCHE,
W. CANNADAY,
P. FLOYD,
Trustees.

        Day Scholars are excluded, and no Student will be taken for a less time than one session.

        December 7, 1839.

        W. P. FORREST.

        --Raleigh Register, December 14, 1839.


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GREENE COUNTY SCHOOLS

GREENE ACADEMY NEEDS A PRINCIPAL, 1807.

GREENE ACADEMY.

        The Trustees are happy to announce to the Public their satisfaction at the progress of the Institution under their former Teacher, Mr. A. M. Rogers. In consequence of their being without a Principal Teacher at this time, they are desirous to contract with some Gentleman to take charge of said School. Any person that wishes to be employed as above, that can come well recommended, will receive liberal encouragement, etc.

        By Order of the Board,

        Greene County, Feb. 20, 1807.

        J. LASSITER, Sec.

        --Raleigh Register, March 16, 1807.

HOOKERTON ACADEMY REVIVED, 1818.

HOOKERTON ACADEMY.

        The Exercises of this Institution will commence on the first Monday in May, under the superintendance of Mr. Austin A. Hersey. Mr. Hersey is a graduate of Dartmouth University, and has the most ample testimonials of fair moral character.

         * * * * * * *

        Students of this Academy will have it in their power to obtain the privilege of reading the Books of the Pithoian Library, which already contains about two hundred volumes, for twenty-five cents a quarter.

        It is deeply to be regretted, that this Institution has been so long suffered to languish; but it is sanguinely hoped, that its resuscitation is at hand, and that its future condition will be flourishing. * * *

        WM. POPE,
R. J. POWELL,
WM. HOOKER,
CHARLES EDWARDS,
J. B. HOOKER,
J. M. PATRICK,

        Hookerton, Greene county, April 27th, 1818.

        Trustees.

        --Raleigh Register, May 15, 1818.


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GUILFORD COUNTY SCHOOLS

GREENSBORO ACADEMY, 1806.

        The Guilford Academy will again commence on the 1st of May, under the direction of John W. Caldwell; where will be taught the Latin and Greek Languages and the Sciences. Boarding can be procured on low Terms. Tuition will be 16 Dollars per Annum.

        April 4th, 1806.

        --Raleigh Register, April 28, 1806.

GREENSBORO ACADEMY UNDER N. H. HARRIS.

        The Trustees beg leave to inform the Public, that the Exercises of this Institution commenced on Monday the 4th inst. under the direction of Mr. Nathaniel H. Harris, and is now open for the reception of Students. * * * *

        JOHN M. DICK, Secretary.

        January 9, 1818.

        --Raleigh Register, January 16, 1818.

GREENSBORO ACADEMY UNDER HARRIS AND KERR.

         * * * The exercises of the 2nd Session will commence on Monday the 6th of July next, under the direction of Mr. Nathaniel Harris, assisted by Mr. James Kerr. * * *

        JNO. M. DICK, Sec'ry.

        June 3.

        --Raleigh Register, June 12, 1818.

GREENSBORO ACADEMY UNDER WILLIAM PAISLEY.

        The exercises of this Institution will commence on the first Monday January next, under the care of the Rev. William Paisley, late of Orange County, N. C. * * * The Trustees have also the pleasure of announcing to the public that a Female Academy will be opened in Greensboro on the 1st of Jan'y next by Miss Polly Paisley, daughter of the Rev. Wm. Paisley. Miss Paisley is well qualified to teach all the useful and ornamental branches of Science usually taught in Female Academies in this State, Music excepted. * * *

        By order of the Board,

        Greensboro, Guilford County, Dec. 5.

        A. GEREN, Sec'y.

        --Raleigh Register, December 17, 1819.

GREENSBORO ACADEMY UNDER I. L. BROOKS.

         * * * The next session will commence on Monday the 5th of July next, under the superintendence of Mr. Iveson L. Brooks, who Graduated at the University of this State a few days ago. * * *

        June 2.

        By order of the Board of Trustees.

        --Raleigh Register, June 11, 1819.


Page 169

GREENSBORO ACADEMY TEACHERS, 1821.

        The Exercises of the Academy will be resumed on the first Monday of January next, under the care of the Rev. Wm. D. Paisley in the Male, and Miss Polly Paisley in the Female Department. Both will be ably assisted.

        By order of the Board,

        Nov. 8.

        A. GEREN, Sec'y.

        --Raleigh Register, November 17, 1820.

GREENSBORO ACADEMY AGAIN UNDER J. W. CALDWELL.

        In consequence of the resignation of the Rev. Wm. D. Paisley as Principal of this Institution, the Managers have employed John W. Caldwell, Esq. for the next year, who will teach English Grammar, Geography, with the use of the Globes, Latin and Greek Languages, Natural and Moral Philosophy, and the Mathematics. * * *

        The Female Department as usual will be conducted by Miss Paisley. Mr. Paisley's leisure hours will also be devoted to it. * * *

        Greensboro, Nov. 21, 1821.

        A. GEREN, Sec'y.

        --Raleigh Register, November 30, 1821.

PAISLEY AGAIN PRINCIPAL OF GREENSBORO ACADEMY.

         * * * The Exercises of this Academy will be resumed on the 1st day of January next, under the care of the Rev. William D. Paisley in the Male, and Miss Polly Paisley in the Female Department. The Students in this Institution will have the advantage of a good Library.

        Nov. 3.

        A. GEREN, Sec'y.

        --Raleigh Register, November 9, 1821.

GREENSBOROUGH ACADEMY COURSE OF STUDY, 1821.

        The Exercises of this Institution commenced on the first Monday of January last, under the superintendance of the Rev. Wm. D. Paisley; but as the English Language has heretofore been only partially taught, the Trustees think it necessary to announce to the public that they have employed Mr. Jonathan Worth, as an Assistant Teacher. No Young gentleman, we believe, sustains a fairer character than Mr. Worth; and we can confidently pronounce him well qualified to discharge the duties of his station.

        The Female Department will as usual be conducted by Miss Paisley, under the superintendance of the Principal of the Male Department, and the Managers. * * *

MALE DEPARTMENT.

        1st. Spelling, Reading and Writing, $5.00 and 50 cents for contingent fund per session.

        2d. Arithmetic, Grammar, Geography, with the use of the Globes, Moral Philosophy, Rhetoric and Logic $9.00 and 50 cents for contingent fund.


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        3d. Latin and Greek Languages $10.50 and 50 cents for contingent fund.

        4th. Natural Philosophy, Astronomy and Mathematics $12 and 50 cents for contingent fund.

FEMALE DEPARTMENT.

        1st. Spelling, Reading and Writing $5.00 and 50 cents for contingent fund.

        2d. Grammar, Geography, with the use of the Globes, and Natural Philosophy $6.50 and 50 cents for contingent fund.

        3d. Moral Philosophy, Rhetoric, Ancient and Modern History, Arithmetic, Chemistry, Needle-Work, Painting, etc. $9.00. * * *

        DONALD STEWART,
JOHN D. CALDWELL,
JUSTIN FIELD,
C. MOORING,
JOHN M. DICK,
JOHN W. DICK,
LOTAN G. WATSON,
Managers.

        Greensboro, Guilford County, February 1st, 1821.

        --Raleigh Register, February 9, 1821.

GREENSBORO ACADEMY TEACHERS, 1822.

GREENSBORO ACADEMY.

        THE Exercises of this Institution will be resumed on the Second Monday of July next, under the care of the Rev. William D. Paisley in the Male, and Miss Paisley in the Female Department.

        Greensboro, N. C., June 21.

        LOTAN G. WATSON,
Secretary to the Board of Trustees.

        --Raleigh Register, June 28, 1822.

GREENSBORO ACADEMY UNDER JOHN D. CLANCY, 1828.

MARRIED.

        At Greensborough, on Thursday evening last, Mr. John D. Clancy, principal of the Greensborough Male Academy, to Miss Laura A. Lindsay.

        --Raleigh Register, March 25, 1828.

JAMESTOWN FEMALE SEMINARY, 1815.

        Judith Mendenhall, Jun. has opened a Boarding School, near Jamestown, Guilford county, N. C., in which Girls at any age over five years, and Boys between five and fifteen Years, will be instructed in Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, English Grammar, Geography, the Use of the Globes, Needle-Work, and Painting. Tuition, without Boarding, may be had on reasonable terms.--


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        N. B. The School-Room is furnished with a pair of Carey's Globes, a complete set of large Maps and one of the United States six feet square.

        11th month, 27th day, 1815.

        --Raleigh Register, December 1, 1815.

JAMESTOWN FEMALE SEMINARY, 1818.

        All persons who are desirous to initiate Pupils at this Institution, are informed that letters directed to the Subscribers (post paid) will be promptly attended to.

        RICHARD MENDENHALL.
DAVID LINDSAY.

        Jamestown, N. C., July 7.

        --Raleigh Register, July 17, 1818.

JAMESTOWN FEMALE ACADEMY EXAMINATION, 1819.

        An examination took place at this Seminary on Saturday, July 30, 1819, from which the Committee produce the following.

REPORT.

        [The * * indicate names of pupils omitted.]

Spelling by Rote.

        * * were examined on spelling in two syllables, and articulated distinctly.

Introduction.

        * * were examined on Reading in Murray's Introduction, and pronounced with correctness.

English Reader.

        * * were examined on reading in Murray's English Reader, and performed in an accurate manner, with due attention to punctuation, and with a suitable and proper variation of voice. * * *

Sequel.

        * * were examined on Reading in Murray's Sequel, Prose and Verse, both in concert, which they performed with great exactness. * * *

Writing.

        Several specimens of writing were exhibited, some of which were very elegant. * * *

Arithmetic.

        * * were examined on Arithmetic. * * *

Grammar.

        * * were received on English Grammar, and for the time they have been engaged in this study have made considerable progress.


Page 172

Geography.

        * * were examined on Geography, on the Map of the World and of the United States, and were found to answer with readiness * * *

Painting and Needle Work.

        Some specimens of Fruit and Flower Painting were exhibited, and some pieces of white Needle Work, and five pieces of Embroidery. Some of these pieces were elegant, and displayed a degree of natural imitation, brilliancy and taste. * * *

        By order of the Committee,

        August 6.

        DAVID LINDSAY.

        --Raleigh Register, August 13, 1819,

SHIELDS' LANCASTER SCHOOL, 1820.

        A School on the Lancastrian plan is established in Greensborough in this state, The Teacher Mr. WILLIAM W. SHIELDS, we are informed, is a gentleman well qualified, as the examination of his students of only a few months standing will amply prove.

        Young men disposed to qualify themselves to teach on this plan, and who have become pretty well acquainted with the English Language, can do so at the expense of about sixty dollars, including board. We hope many will embrace the opportunity.

        --The Star, June 23, 1820.

UNION ACADEMY, 1821.

In Guilford County
Five Miles South of Greensborough.

        The Trustees have to inform the public that they have employed Dr. Simon Landreth as Principal of this Institution, whose abilities as a Scholar, are not surpassed by any teacher in the State, in the Greek, Latin and English Language and Sciences. * * *

        Nov. 26, 1821.

        THE TRUSTEES.

        --Raleigh Register, December 7, 1821.

CALDWELL INSTITUTE, 1837.

        This Institution, located at Greensboro', Guilford County, North Carolina, will resume its Exercises on the first Monday in November.

        The Trustees, believing that this School is now so far organized as to accomplish, in a great degree, the design contemplated in its establishment, would more particularly call the attention of Parents, especially Christian Parents, to it. This design, as has been already stated to the public, is to rear up a Seminary, which shall not only afford the means of thorough instruction in all the necessary branches of a liberal Education,


Page 173

but in which, also, the Bible will occupy its proper place, and the paramount claims of a Christian Education be duly and fully recognized.

        The Ancient Classics, in connection with the pure and mixed Mathematics, forming, it is believed, the only sure basis of solid learning, will occupy chiefly the attention of Students. The Classical department is under the direction of Rev. A. Wilson, Principal, and S. C. Lindsley, A. M.; and the Mathematical, (which embraces a popular course of Natural Philosophy) under that of Rev. John A. Gretter.

        All the Students are required to attend Public Worship on the Sabbath, and to spend a portion of the afternoon in the recitation of portions of the Bible and Westminster Catachism.

        

EXPENSES.

Tuition, per session of 5 months $15.00 $15.00
Board, (everything provided) from 30.00 to 50.00
Contingent Fund, 00.50 00.50
Total from $45.50 to $65.50

        Besides these expenses, there are others incurred for Books, which are trivial.

        Students may enter at any period in the session, and will be charged only from the time of entrance; but no deduction will be made after entrance, except in cases of sickness. Tuition must, in all cases, be paid in advance.

        There are two vacations in the year, of one month each--in April and October; and a Public Examination at the close of each session.

        By order of the Board,

        Greensboro', Oct. 16, 1837.

        E. W. CARUTHERS, Secy.

        --Raleigh Register, October 23, 1837.

THE CALDWELL INSTITUTE, 1838.

        THIS Institution has been in successful operation for two years. A suitable building has been erected in an eligible and elevated part of the town of Greensboro' in North Carolina about half a mile south of the Court House.

        The plan of Education is thorough and extensive embracing

        1st. A complete course of English Instruction.

        2nd. The Greek and Roman Classics, and Antiquities, Ancient Geography, Mythology and History.

        3rd. The Mathematical and Natural Sciences.

        The great object in establishing this Institution, was to afford to parents and guardians the opportunity of educating their sons and wards thoroughly, and under christian influence, on as moderate terms as possible. In accordance with the views of some of the most distinguished men of the country, it has appeared advisable that the students should


Page 174

board in private families, and thus be subject to family restraints rather than be grouped together in one large building. This plan has been pursued hitherto with success. A considerable number of respectable families is now prepared for the accommodation of students.

        The Classical and English department is under the direction of the Rev. A. Wilson, A. M., and Mr. S. C. Lindsay, A. M., and the Mathematical under that of the Rev. Jno. A. Gretter, a graduate of the University of Virginia. Instructions in the French Language will also be afforded to such as desire it.

        Tuition $15 per session of five months, and every student must produce a certificate from the Treasurer before admitted to recitation.

        The price of board varies from $7 to $9 per month. The next session will commence on the 7th May next.

        Greensboro' April 6, 1838.

        --Raleigh Register, April 23, 1838.


Page 175

HALIFAX COUNTY SCHOOLS

BENSON'S ENGLISH SCHOOL, 1806.

ENGLISH SCHOOL.

        I will commence teaching an English School at my former place of residence in the town of Halifax, on Monday the 6th instant. My prices for teaching will be 12 dollars per learner, a year--and quarterly payments in advance. I will board four orderly well bred boys, in the most ample and genteel manner. My ability and attention will be united to merit the approbation of such gentlemen as may think proper to give me encouragement.

        JAMES B. BENSON.

        Halifax, October 1, 1806.

        --Halifax Journal, October 6, 1806.

HALIFAX CLASSICAL SCHOOL, 1807.

A SCHOOL

        Will be opened on Monday 12th instant in the town of Halifax, for the reception of Students, where will be taught the Latin & English grammatically, together with writing, arithmetic, the mathematics, geography, and the use of the Globes. Board on moderate terms may be had in genteel families, for any number of Scholars, from the country. All persons desirous of promoting a good school in this neighborhood, are requested to meet at Mr. Hopkins's Tavern on the 24th instant, in order to appoint managers to superintend this institution, and to settle on the terms of tuition, &c.

        ROBERT FENNER.
RICHARD H. LONG.
W. W. JONES.

        January 10, 1807.

        --Halifax Journal, January 12, 1807.

VINE HILL ACADEMY, 1811.

EDUCATION.

        The Trustees of the Vine-Hill Academy have great pleasure in announcing to the Public, that they have engaged as Principal of that Institution, Mr. DANIEL ADAMS who has long devoted himself to the instruction of youth, and for the last two years has been the Principal of a very respectable Academy at Stratford, in Connecticut. Mr. Adams will teach the learned Languages and the various branches of sciences preparatory to a College Education; and from the great respectability of his character, (Which is personally known to one of the Trustees) his experience and success, it is hoped this institution will receive the patronage and support its infant state so much requires.


Page 176

        The English Department will be under the superintendance of Mr. Hawkins, whose great attention to his school the present year, and conduct generally has been highly satisfactory. The Trustees are candid when they declare, for the satisfaction of Parents, their belief that the site of Vine-Hill Academy and its vicinity, is excelled by few in the state for its salubriety. The school will commence the first of January next. A boarding-house will be kept at the Academy by Maj. Alsobrook, which will be under the particular superintendance and control of the Trustees: Price of board 50 dollars per annum.--Board may also be obtained in respectable houses in the neighborhood for any number of students. It is expected a quarter both for board and tuition will be paid in advance.

        Scotland Neck, Nov. 24, 1810.

        --The Star, January 3, 1811.

VINE HILL ACADEMY NEEDS AN ENGLISH TEACHER.

VINE HILL ACADEMY.

        The Trustees of the Vine Hill Academy, wish to employ a Teacher, for the English Department. Any person wishing such employment will please apply to David Clark and P. R. Tunstall, near the Academy.

        The Lottery authorized for the Academy above mentioned will not be drawn. Those that purchased Tickets will apply for their money, to those of whom they purchased

        DAVID CLARK.

        --The Star, April 3, 1812.

VINE HILL ACADEMY HAS NEW PRINCIPAL.

VINE HILL ACADEMY.

        The Trustees of Vine Hill Academy have employed Mr. Jones, of Connecticut, as Teacher the ensuing year, under whose direction the exercises of said Academy will commence on the first Monday in January next.

        

TUITION.

Reading, Writing and Arithmetic $12 per annum.
Grammar 15
The Languages, Geography per 25

        Payable quarterly in advance.

        November 10, 1812.

        --The Star, November 20, 1812.

VINE HILL ACADEMY TEACHERS AND COURSE OF STUDY, 1837.

        The Trustees of this Institution, take pleasure in announcing to the public, that they have procured competent Teachers, under whose direction the school will commence on Monday the 17th July next. The


Page 177

male department will be under the charge of Dr. William Flint, who brings the most satisfactory testimonials of his moral worth, scholarship and practical experience as a teacher.

        The Female department will be conducted by Miss Matilda B. Rowan, who comes highly recommended by the Principal of the Female Seminary of Schenectady, and the Professors of Marion College and others as a Young Lady of finished education, and possessing that amiability of disposition and discipline of mind, which admirably qualify her for the duties of an instructress.

        In the male department the tuition for a session of five months will be as follows:

        
Spelling, Reading, Writing, Grammar, Geography, Parley's history and Arithmetic $ 8.00
Latin and Greek Languages, Rhetoric, Logic, Algebra, Geometry, Navigation and Surveying 12.50
French 12.50

In the female department--1st Division.

        Spelling, Reading, Writing, Grammar, Elementary Geography, Parley's History, and Arithmetic per session $ 8.00

2d Division.

        
Ancient and Modern History, Universal Geography, American History, Rhetoric, Logic, Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, Astronomy, Moral and Intellectual Philosophy, Natural Theology, Elements of Criticism, per session 10.00
French 12.50
Botany 3.00
Drawing 8.00
Flower Painting 10.00
Oil Painting 10.00

        Board can be had at the Academy, and in the most respectable families in the neighborhood at $7 per month.

        SIMMONS J. BAKER,
COLLIN M. CLARK,
WM. R. SMITH, JR.,
WM. R. SMITH, SEN'R.,
JAMES L. G. BAKER,
WHITMELL J. HILL,
CHARLES SHIELD,
Trustees.
CHARLES SHIELD, Sect'y.

        May 10th. 1837.

        --The Star, May 17, 1837.


Page 178

UNION ACADEMY, 1815.

        The Trustees of the Union Academy, in the county of Halifax, respectfully inform the Public, that the Institution is now in full and complete operation, the Exercises having commenced on the second instant, under the direction of William E. Webb, formerly Professor of Languages in the University of this State. The Plan of Education will be such at least as to qualify young gentlemen to enter with credit and propriety on the establishment of any College or University of this country. For the present however, the following scheme hath been adopted, according as the several forms or classes can be arranged, viz:

  • I. Rudiments of the Latin, Greek and French Languages.
  • II. Geography, including the nature and use of the Globes, with their application to the solution of Geographical and Astronomical Problems.
  • III. Mathematics, viz: The higher branches of Arithmetic. Surveying on the most recent and approved plans. Euclid's Elements. Plain and Spherical Trigonometry and Geometry, with their application to the purposes of Astronomy and Navigation. The mensuration of Heights, Distances, Surfaces and Solids.
  • IV. Natural or Experimental Philosophy including Astronomy.
  • V. Chronology and General History.
  • VI. English Grammar, Rhetoric and Belles-Lettres.

         * * *

        Tuition will be Ten Dollars per session paid in advance.

         * * *

        February 10, 1915.

        JESSE N. FAULCON, President of the Board.

        Attached to the Academy is an English School, under the direction of a gentleman well qualified for the duties of his profession.

        --Raleigh Register, February 17, 1815.

UNION ACADEMY IN 1818.

UNION ACADEMY--HALIFAX, N. C.

        The Exercises of this Institution will commence on the first Monday in January next, under the superintendance of William E. Webb, A. M. as Principal. The course of Instruction will comprise the Rudiments of the Latin, Greek and French Languages; Geography and the Use of the Globe; the Mathematics; Natural and Experimental Philosophy; English Grammar, Rhetoric and Belles Letters.

        Those who intend that their children or wards shall complete their education in N. C., will do well, it is presumed, by availing themselves of this opportunity--the Preceptor having been educated at the University


Page 179

and acted for some time therein as a Tutor and Professor. He has also a competent Knowledge of the plans of education at Princeton and Yale. * * *

        JESSE N. FAULCON, President of the Board of Trustees.

        Attached to the Academy it is in contemplation to establish a Preparatory School, under the care of a Gentleman well qualified to teach Reading, Writing and Arithmetic.

        --Raleigh Register, January 2, 1818.

UNION ACADEMY IN 1821.

         * * * The Exercises will be resumed on the first Monday in January following. * * *

        J. VOORHEIS, Precpt.

        Nov. 17.

        --Raleigh Register, November 30, 1821.

FARMWELL GROVE ACADEMY, 1820.

EDUCATION.

        THE Trustees of the Farmwell-Grove Academy in the upper end of Halifax County, takes pleasure in informing the public that they have employed Mr. Levi H. McLean, of Guilford county, to take charge of the said institution, who comes well recommended for morals, scholarship and good school discipline. Board in genteel families can be had at 6 dollars per month. The terms of Tuition are, for the Latin and Greek Languages, and the branches of science taught in such seminaries $20 per annum; for the English Language $16. The Trustees flatter themselves that the great assiduity and attention given by Mr. McLean, where he has been teaching--the healthiness of the place, and the deserved celebrity of Mrs. Hines' Female School at the same place, will entitle them to a liberal share of public patronage. The school will commence the second Monday in January next--the early attention of Guardians and Parents is invited.

        JAMES GRANT, Sec'y.

        December 5, 1820.

        --The Star, December 8, 1820.

FARMWELL GROVE ACADEMY IN 1824.

        THE Trustees of Farmwell Grove Academy having employed Mr. Bragg, a graduate of our University, to take charge of the Institution, the exercises of the school will be resumed on the 2d Monday in January next. The terms of Board and Tuition are still continued at the same low rates as heretofore.

        J. GRANT.

        --Raleigh Register, December 3, 1824.

FARMWELL GROVE ACADEMY IN 1826.

        AN Examination of the Students of Farmville Grove Academy, under the superintendence of Mr. John J. Wyche, the Principal of said Institution, will take place on Thursday and Friday, the first and second


Page 180

day of June next. Select Orations will be delivered on Evenings of said days. Parents, Guardians and others are invited to attend.

        May 20, 1826.

        JAMES GRANT.

        --Raleigh Register, May 26, 1826.

FARMWELL GROVE ACADEMY IN 1837.

        For the Star.

        Mr. Editor: Having, on the 9th inst., attended an examination of the Farmwell Grove Academy, I cannot forbear offering you, for publication, a brief notice of the same, or of my favorable impressions from the result. Suffice to say of the examination, that, being conducted by several well educated gentlemen, before a numerous and highly respectable assembly, but one impression could not but be made on the minds of all, as to the handsome qualifications and untiring industry of Mr. J. Judge the principal, and the assiduous application of the students during the past session. The dialogues and single pieces appeared to be well selected, and calculated as well to instruct, as to amuse and entertain.

        The exhibition was closed by a highly appropriate and well delivered address, by the Rev. S. J. Harris. From the mouth of the speaker alone could be had a correct impression of the merits of this address. But it may be remarked here, that, the all important point enforced was the moral necessity of uniting religion and literature in order to ensure the grand result of usefulness and happiness. And the students were emphatically warned against three most potent enemies of such result, viz: idleness, intemperance and infidelity.

        The writer is one no otherwise interested in the Farmwell Grove Academy, or those taking a part in its late exercises, than by philanthropy and love of education, and therefore signs himself

        A SPECTATOR.

        --The Star, June 21, 1837.

ENFIELD ACADEMY, 1823.

        The exercises of this School in the male department of this institution, will recommence the first Monday in January next, under the direction of Mr. Philip B. Wiley of Newbern. * * *

        Enfield, N. C. Dec. 1823.

        WM. BRADFORD, Sec'ry.

        --Raleigh Register, December 30, 1823.

ENFIELD ACADEMY UNDER THOMAS RAGSDALE, 1828.

ENFIELD ACADEMY.

        The exercises of this seminary will be resumed the first day of Jan. under the continued superintendence of Thos. L. Ragsdale, a gentleman of acknowledged capacity and correct moral deportment, who possesses the rare faculty of imparting his knowledge to his pupils with much facility.


Page 181

        The course of studies will be preparatory to the classes of the University.

        Tuition to be paid in advance.

        For Spelling, Reading and Writing, $10.00 per Session.

        Arithmetic, English Grammar and Parsing, Geography, with the construction of Maps, $12.50.

        Latin and Greek Languages, $12.50.

        Rhetoric, Logic, Natural and Moral Philosophy, $15.00.

        Geometry, including plane and Spherical Trigonometry, Surveying, Levelling, &c. $20.00.

        Bookkeeping, by single and double entry, $20.00.

        A student of a higher class may prosecute any study of an inferior class, without any additional tuition fee.

        Board can be had at 5 dollars per month in families convenient to the Academy. A public examination in June, of which timely notice will be given.

        The Academy occupies a high and healthful site, remote from all scenes of dissipation.

        The strictest attention will be paid to impressing upon the students, the necessity of a gentlemanly deportment, both in and out of school.

        Letters (postpaid) directed to the principal, will be promptly noticed.

        BOARD OF TRUSTEES,
By John Branch.

        The Editor of the Edenton Gazette will please insert the above until forbid.

        --The Star, December 4, 1828.

HYDE PARK ACADEMY, 1828.

HYDE PARK, HALIFAX, N. C.
ACADEMY FOR YOUNG LADIES.

        MRS. PHILLIPS announces to the public, that the first session of her Academy for young ladies closed on the 2d instant, by an examination, which was attended by a numerous assemblage of the ladies and gentlemen of the vicinity. It becomes her not publicly to express an opinion relative to the attainments or merits of her pupils; but from the annexed certificate, she flatters herself that they acquitted themselves with credit & propriety, and to the satisfaction of all who were present. The second session will commence on the first Monday in January, 1829, and close by a public examination on the first Tuesday in June.

        Having had the benefit of an experience of sixteen years in different parts of the United States, Mrs. Phillips professes to teach all the branches of education usually taught in the best Female Seminaries, viz. Orthography, Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, English Grammar, Ancient and Modern Geography with the use of the Globes, Ancient


Page 182

and Modern History, Rhetoric, Natural Philosophy and Astronomy; Chemistry and Botany, Composition, Needle Work and Embroidery, Drawing, Painting and Music on the Piano. Arrangements have also been made with an accomplished Lady of New York, who, should necessity require, will come on immediately as an Assistant.

        The prices of Tuition by the Academical year of ten months, and to be paid half yearly in advance, will be as follows, viz:

        
For the ordinary branches of English Education $20.00
Needle Work and Embroidery 10.00
Drawing and Painting 10.00
Music on the Piano 40.00

        The situation of the Academy unites advantages, excelled, perhaps, by no place in the State. It is 14 miles westward of Halifax, on the direct road to Warrenton; is remote from all scenes of extravagance and dissipation, has pure air and water, and a neighborhood society, who, for urbanity of manners, are inferior to none in the country.

        Mr. and Mrs. Webb, who reside at Hyde Park, will be prepared to receive young ladies as boarders in their private family, at the rate of eighty dollars for the scholastic year of ten months. No contingencies. They pledge themselves to afford them ample and wholesome diet, to take particular care of their apparel, and in all respects to contribute to their comfort and convenience.

        December 10th, 1828.

CERTIFICATE.

        Hyde Park, N. C., Dec. 2, 1828.

        The undersigned, who, by invitation, attended the examination of the pupils of Mrs. Phillips, would feel themselves wanting in respect for her well known ability and exertions, were they not publicly to express their unanimous approbation of the accuracy and manner, in which all the young ladies went through their various exercises. We believe, that if rapidity in their progress, fair and correct writing, and elegant specimens of painting and needle work, can entitle any female students to commendation, these are entitled to the highest. We also cannot refrain from expressing our opinion, that if diligence and capacity, combined with strict and uniform attention to the health, the improvement, the morals and general deportment of those who may be committed to her care, can entitle the lady who presides in this institution, to a share of the public patronage, the expectations and hopes of parents and guardians, will not be disappointed.

        (Signed)

        JNO. ALSTON,
MARION SANDERS,
TIPPOO S. BROWNLOW,
M. A. WILLCOX,
JOHN CARTER.

        --The Star, December 25, 1828.


Page 183

SCOTLAND NECK FEMALE SEMINARY.

SCOTLAND NECK
FEMALE SEMINARY.

        The public are most respectfully informed that the examination of the above named Seminary will take place on Friday, 16th inst., at the residence of the subscriber; at which time the Parents and Guardians are particularly invited to attend.

        The exercises of the Institution will recommence on Monday the 16th of January next, under the direction, as heretofore, of Miss Rowan, of New York. Miss Hanks, of New York, will superintend the Music Department.

        The following will be the course of studies: Reading, Writing, Geography, Grammar, Spelling, Composition, Arithmetic, Ancient and Modern History, History of the United States, Rhetoric, Logic, Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, Moral and Intellectual Philosophy, Natural Theology, Elements of Criticism, Chemistry and Botany.

        For the above branches per session of 5 months, $10.

        
Latin $5.00
Drawing 5.00
Flower Painting 5.00
Painting in Oil Colors 10.00
French 10.00
Music 15.00

        Board $7 per month.

        LEM. L. PARKER.

        Dec. 9th, 1836.

        --The Star, January 12, 1837.

SCOTLAND NECK FEMALE SEMINARY.

        The examination of the pupils of this Institution will take place on Friday the 16th instant. Parents and Guardians of young Ladies are particularly and most respectfully invited to attend.

        The Scotland Neck Female Seminary will re-open on the second Monday in July next, under the care and instruction of Miss Eugenia Hanks, of Troy, N. Y. Miss Hanks, has heretofore had charge of the Music Department. The entire control of this Seminary will hereafter be entrusted to her care, and the subscriber takes much pleasure in assuring the public and his friends that her qualifications are believed to be of the first order, having finished her education at Mrs. Willard's celebrated school.

        Every attention to the morals, health and comfort of young ladies will be paid by Mrs. P. and himself. The following will be the course of studies: Spelling, Reading, Writing, Grammar, Composition, Geography, Parley's History, Arithmetic, Ancient and Modern History, United States History, Rhetoric, Logic, Natural Philosophy, Chemistry,


Page 184

try, Astronomy, Moral and Intellectual Philosophy, Natural Theology, and Kames Elements of Criticism. For the above branches per session of five months, $10.

        
Botany $3.00
Drawing 5.00
Music 15.00

        It is believed there is not a healthier situation in the county of Halifax, and certainly very few in the Eastern part of the State.

        Board $7 per month.

        June 6th, 1837.

        LEM. L. PARKER.

        --The Star, June 21, 1837.

LA VALLEE FEMALE SEMINARY, 1837.

        The exercises of the above Institution will recommence on the third Monday (16th) of January--the subscriber with much pleasure informs his friends that Mrs. Emma McElvie continues Principal in the Seminary.

        The following will be the course of studies: Reading, Writing, Spelling, Composition, Grammar, Elementary Geography, United States History, Arithmetic, Ancient and Modern History, Universal Geography, including Ancient Geography, American History, Rhetoric, Logic, Natural Philosophy, Euclid, Algebra, Astronomy, Moral and Intellectual Philosophy, Natural Theology, Elements of Criticism, Chemistry and Botany, for the above branches per session of five months, $10.

        
Latin $5.00
French 7.50
Drawing 5.00
Painting in Oil Colors 10.00
Music on the Piano Forte 15.00
Music on Guitar 10.00
Board 40.00

        Half the board in advance.

        Halifax Co., N. C., Dec. 7, 1836.

        TIPPOO S. BROWNLOW.

        --The Star, January 12, 1837.

LA VALLEE FEMALE SEMINARY, 1838.

        The above Institution will be open for the reception of pupils on the first Monday in January, under the care of two northern ladies of the first qualifications--a full advertisement in due time.

        Halifax co., N. C., Nov. 6, 1838.

        TIPPOO S. BROWNLOW.

        --The Star, December 26, 1838.


Page 185

LA VALLEE FEMALE SEMINARY COURSE OF STUDY, 1839.

        Situated in Halifax county (equidistant) 20 miles between the towns of Halifax and Warrenton. The subscriber respectfully notifies his friends and the public generally, that the above institution will be open for the reception of pupils on Monday the 7th of January. The institution will be under the care of two Ladies from the North, who bring with them the highest recommendations from gentlemen of the first standing, of their moral and literary attainments.

        Thankful for the very liberal patronage hitherto received, he flatters himself that with all advantages in point of healthy location, ample accommodations of buildings and instructions of the highest grade, the school will rise still higher in merit and public estimation.

        The following branches will be taught in the above institution:--Reading, Writing, Spelling, Grammar, Elementary Geography, United States History, and Arithmetic; Geology, Ancient and Modern History, Universal Geography, American History, Rhetorick, Logic, Natural Philosophy, Comstocks; Arnott's Physics, Geometry, Algebra, Astronomy, Moral and Intellectual Philosophy, Physiology, Elements of Criticism, Chemistry and Botany.

        
For the above branches per session of five months $10.00
French per session of five months 7.50
Latin per session of five months 5.00
Music on the Piano Forte 15.00
Music on the Harp 30.00
Music on the Guitar 10.00
Drawing and Painting in Water Colors 5.00
Mezzotinting, wax flowers and fruit together 15.00
When taken separately, each 8.00
Board, one half in advance 40.00

        Halifax co., N. C., Dec. 20. 1838.

        TIPPOO S. BROWNLOW.

        DAVID OUTLAW, Bertie,
SAMUEL ARRINGTON, Nash,
J. R. J. DANIEL, Raleigh,
ISAAC HILLIARD, Halifax,
REV. S. WELLER, Halifax,
MASON L. WIGGINS, Halifax,
Trustees.

        --The Star, January 9, 1839.

GRANT'S FEMALE BOARDING SCHOOL, 1837.

MRS. E. C. GRANT'S FEMALE BOARDING SCHOOL

        Will recommence on the third Monday in January, 1838. Every attention will be paid to the health, morals, and literary advancement of the pupils under her care.


Page 186

        

TERMS.

Board and tuition, including all the English branches, per session of five months $55.00
Latin and French, each 5.00
Music on the Piano Forte 15.00

        Near Enfield, Halifax county, N. C., November, 1837.

        --Raleigh Register, December 4, 1837.


Page 187

IREDELL COUNTY SCHOOLS

STATESVILLE ACADEMY, 1815.

        The Trustees of Statesville Academy inform the public that the Reverend John Mushatt has commenced teaching in that institution. The Latin, Greek and Hebrew Languages, English Grammar, Geography, Euclid's Elements, Natural and Moral Philosophy, Rhetoric and Logic, will be taught. * * *

        B. WORKE, Sec.

        9th Dec. 1815.

        --The Star, December 29, 1815.

MUSHAT CONTINUES STATESVILLE ACADEMY, 1820.

EDUCATION.

        The connexion formerly existing between the Trustees of Statesville Academy and the subscriber as Teacher having dissolved, Parents and Guardians are hereby informed, that the different branches heretofore taught in this academy, he will still continue to teach in a suitable house prepared for this purpose. The satisfaction which the discharge of his office has given during the term of five years, and the respectable standing of his students in the different higher seminaries which they have entered, afford a well grounded hope that the usual liberal support and encouragement will be continued. Parents and Guardians may rest assured, that every necessary attention shall be paid to the deportment, the progress and accuracy of pupils.

        The School will commence on the first of January next. To accommodate the people of South Carolina, there will be but one vacation in the year, to commence on the 16th of November, 1821.

        Boarding can be had, as usual, at the houses of Messrs. Work, Hart, and McKnight, &c.

        Statesville, Nov. 24, 1820.

        JOHN MUSHAT, V. D. M.

        --Western Carolinian, December 5, 1820.

        [On January 30, 1821, the above with the following note to advertisement of Statesville Academy appeared:]

        N. B.--From the inexperience of youth, it often happens they are too easily led into habits of extravagance. In these they too successfully indulge, notwithstanding the care and vigilance of the trustees. The teacher, especially, suffers the blame, although errors of this kind are committed without his knowledge and permission. Aware of this, and at the same time desirous to afford every security to parents and guardians, the following rules will be strictly attended to:

        Every student shall be confined to one particular store for the purchase of those articles of which he may stand in need; his account in said store to be carefully examined once in every month.


Page 188

        No student shall be permitted to play at unlawful games, nor indulge in the use of ardent spirits; and to prevent these evils their accounts in taverns shall be examined and a report obtained from the owners of boarding houses respecting the conduct of their boarders, once in every month.

        These and the other regulations of the school will be carried into execution by the following gentlemen: Col. Richard Allison, Dr. Joseph Guy, Rev. Dr. McRee, Robert Worke, Esq., Wm. McKnight, Esq., Gen. George L. Davidson, John Huggins, Esq., Capt. Alexander Dunlap, Thomas Allison.

        J. M.

        --Western Carolinian, January 30, 1821.

MR. MUSHAT LEAVES STATESVILLE, 1825.

EDUCATION.

        Through the solicitation of his friends and employers, the subscriber has agreed to continue the usual course of his academical instructions at Fort Defiance, near Statesville, Iredell County, N. C., during the ensuing year. The terms are as follows: Every young man will be required to produce satisfactory testimonials of his sobriety and temperance. No young man will be admitted who has been expelled or suspended from any similar institution. No student will be admitted for a term less than two sessions; the first to commence on the 2d of January and end on the 7th of June; the second to commence on the 8th of June and end on the 16th of November. The price of tuition will be $10 per session, to be paid at the close of each session. The price of boarding, including washing, firewood and candles, will be $7 per month, to be paid at the end of each session.

        Nov. 18, 1825.

        JOHN MUSHAT.

        --Catawba Journal, November 29, 1825.

GARDEN'S LANCASTER SCHOOL, 1822.

A REAL
LANCASTERIAN SCHOOL,

        Is now, for the first time, introduced in this county, for both sexes, attended by male and female ushers, under the superintendence of Alexander Garden, from the Spratt's Ville Lancasterian School, where he studied this new and expeditious system with great success, under Mr. Peter Ulrick, who has recently arrived from Philadelphia with the latest improvements, &c. and possesses certificates of that fact.

        The branches taught in his school are such as are comprised in an English education, &c. Parents and Guardians, who may feel disposed to place their children under his care, may depend that nothing on his part shall be wanting to expedite their progress in learning, and to instill moral principles into their minds; and will, he trusts, be able to satisfy every reasonable expectation.


Page 189

        The object of these schools is to lessen the load of human misery; and to better the religious, moral, and social condition of society, by teaching those who attend not only to read and write, &c. but what is infinitely of more moment, the fear of the Lord, veneration for his holy word--for the ordinances of the Lord's house, and a due observance of the Lord's day.

        The permanent institutions of this happy country, render it a proper theatre for the display of all the numerous blessings which flow from its general introduction, as this system has done more to civilize the barbarian, enlighten the ignorant, and inculcate the principles of virtue, than any scheme of reformation of human origin ever presented to the world.

        The public are earnestly invited to visit the school, every Friday afternoon, when they may fully satisfy themselves with the propriety of the system; where seats are prepared for them, and they can enter and retire at pleasure, without interrupting the school.

        Centre, Iredell Co. Nov. 8, 1822.

        ALEXANDER GARDEN.

THE LANCASTERIAN SYSTEM.

To the Public.

        Having, with many others, attended the examination of Mr. Alexander Garden as a Lancasterian teacher, by Mr. Peter Ulrick, we embrace this early opportunity to testify the satisfaction we derived from the spectacle; and do not hesitate to declare that we deem this system as important to the morals and religion, as to the literature of the rising race. We are happy to find that the Lancasterian system, as now elucidated, incorporates the rudiments of religion with the rudiments of language; and we cannot too warmly recommend it to the patronage of our fellow-citizens. We think it no more than an act of justice to declare, that though Mr. Ulrick proposed many hundred questions, and required Mr. Garden to go through a great quantity of detail, which lasted several hours, yet Mr. Garden answered with great expertness, and practiced with dexterity with a number of his scholars. We are decidedly of opinion, that if all public teachers were subjected to such severe and public examination, so much quackery in education would not be practiced as has been.

        In short, we are firmly of opinion, that the Lancasterian system, as now practised by Mr. Ulrick, embraces advantages unknown to any other.

        Jas. Spratt, President; J. Dinkins, Thos. Greer. A. H. Erwin, S. W. Fox, J. D. Boyd, Jno. Barnett, Thos. Spratt, Thos. Boyd.

United States of America, State of North Carolina, Mecklenburg County.

        Certificate of a real Lancasterian Teacher, which system can only be learnt by personal application and study in a well organized school.


Page 190

        I, PETER ULRICK, (who learnt the system of the original school in Philadelphia, under the direction of Edward Baker, a pupil of JOSEPH LANCASTER, the inventor, and having practised it for a considerable time with numbers of children with all the improvements since its first introduction, and possess a regular certificate of the fact,) do hereby certify, that Alexander Garden has practised and studied in Spratt's Ville Model School, under my direction; and that having undergone a public examination, I do believe him qualified to teach one hundred children the elements of a common education by this system, and to apply the same principles in teaching several other branches of knowledge.

        In testimony whereof, I have subscribed my name and affixed the seal of St. Peter's Model School, this 15th day of October, 1822.

        PETER ULRICK.

        At the above examination made as above stated, present, Thos. Spratt, A. H. Erwin, J. D. Boyd, William Flaniken, Thos. Boyd, John McDowell, Jno. Barnett, Hugh McDowell, Alex. Porter, J. Dinkins, S. W. Fox, Thos. Greer, J. Smith.

        I, as President, testify to the fact of such meeting and examination.

        JAS. SPRATT, Pres'dt.

        --Western Carolinian, November 12, 1822.

EBENEZER ACADEMY, 1823.

        This institution was incorporated during the session of the General Assembly in 1822. It is now open to all who wish either to pursue a course of liberal education, or study English Grammar and Geography. All branches of education required for admission into college, will here be taught. We are happy in stating to the public, that a new and commodious Academy will be completed in a few days, * * *. The Academy is in a rural situation, six miles from Statesville, so that students will be measurably free from temptations to vice. It is convenient to church, where there is preaching statedly. * * *

        Iredell County, N. C., Nov. 1823.

        WM. A. HALL.

        --Western Carolinian, December 9, 1823.

EBENEZER ACADEMY PREPARES FOR THE UNIVERSITY, 1829.

        This institution, under the superintendence of the subscriber, is now open for the reception of students. A course of studies is here pursued preparatory to admission into the University of this State. In addition to this, instruction will be given in all the branches of an English education.

        The healthy situation of this Academy, the good state of morals in the neighborhood, and the advantages of an enlightened ministry, which the students can always enjoy, are objects worthy the attention of those


Page 191

wishing to educate their sons. Board can be had in respectable families, at one dollar per week. Tuition proportionably low.

        H. R. HALL.

        Bethany Church, Iredell county, N. C., July 7, 1829.

        --Yadkin & Catawba Journal, July 14, 1829.

CHAPMAN'S CLASSICAL SCHOOL, 1828.

A CLASSICAL SCHOOL,

        FOR both sexes, is now taught by the subscriber and a female assistant, at Centre Meeting House in Iredell county, 25 miles west of Salisbury, 22 north of Charlotte, and 18 south of Statesville. The place is remarkably healthy, and retired from the noise and bustle of the world. Youth may here be prepared for entering any of the classes of college, or they may be conducted through the whole course of a collegiate education.

        Females will be taught the different branches of useful science, needlework, painting on velvet, and the French Language. The object of the Teachers in this Seminary will be not merely to exercise the memory, but to inform the judgment, improve the understanding and lead their pupils to a practical acquaintance with Science. Particular attention will be paid to the morals of youth, and the whole course conducted in the fear of God and with reference to the virtue of the Gospel.

        The prices of tuition are $2.50 a quarter, for reading, writing, arithmetic; $3.75 for English Grammar and Geography; $5 for Mathematics, Painting, the higher branches of science and Latin, Greek and French languages. Boarding may be obtained in the family of the subscriber, and in reputable families in the neighborhood, at the moderate price of $1.50 a week, payable quarterly.

        Mount Mourne, Feb. 4, 1828.

        ROBERT H. CHAPMAN.

        --Catawba Journal, February 12, 1828.


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JOHNSTON COUNTY SCHOOLS

AVERASBOROUGH ACADEMY, 1804.

        On the 23d Day of June next, at Averasborough, will be let to the lowest Bidder, the Building of a framed House in said Town, thirty-six by twenty Feet and twenty Feet Pitch, for a Seminary of Learning. Materials are now on the Spot. Further Particulars will be exhibited on the day by the Commissioners.

        ISAAC WILLIAMS,
ROBERT DRAUGHON,
GERARD BANKS.
Commissioners.

        --Raleigh Register, June 11, 1804.

SMITHFIELD ACADEMY, 1812.

TO CARPENTERS.

        Will be let to the lowest bidder, in the Town of Smithfield, Johnston County, on Monday the 10th day of August next, the building of an Academy in said Town. The dimensions will be 22 feet, by 40 feet, two stories high, with such conveniences as is necessary for an Academy. This undertaking will be well worth the attention of Workmen. The terms of pay will be made known on the above day. Bond and approved securities for the faithful performance of the contract, will be required by

        Commissioners: DANIEL BOON,
DAVID TURNER,
WILLIAM SASSER,
W. W. HOPKINS,
ROBERT H. HELME,
HENRY GUY,
ELLICK SANDERS,
W. W. BRYAN,
SAMUEL MITCHNOR.

        Smithfield, Johnston County, N. C., July 21, 1812.

        --The Star, July 31, 1812.

SMITHFIELD ACADEMY UNDER DR. WHITE, 1813.

The Exercises of the Smithfield Academy,

        Will commence on Monday the 11th day of October next under the direction of Dr. Willie N. White.--Board can be had at four or five dollars a month at convenient and respectable houses.

        Oct. 7, 1813.

        WILLIAM SASSER, Sec'y.

        --The Star, October 8, 1813.


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SMITHFIELD ACADEMY LOTTERY, 1820.

LOTTERY.

        For the benefit of the Smithfield Academy.

        THE subscribers having been appointed by an act of the Legislature of the State of North Carolina, managers of the above lottery; and having entered into bond for the faithful performance of duties; and the payment of all prizes according to law, now offer the public the following

SCHEME.

        1,400 Tickets at $5 are $7,000.

        
1 Prize of $1,000 is $1,000
2 Prize of 500 is 1,000
5 Prize of 100 is 500
15 Prize of 50 is 750
30 Prize of 20 is 600
165 Prize of 10 is 1,650
250 Prize of 6 is 1,500
468   7,000

        Subject to a deduction of 15 per cent. and not two blanks to a prize.

        The managers trusting to the public spirit, which has hitherto and still ought to animate every town in support of education, upon which more than anything else, our national honor and independence depends, confidently hope that the patronage of enlightened individuals and the public at large will soon enable them to complete the sale of tickets, and the drawing of the Lottery.

        The present scheme does not embrace the capital for which the managers have given bond, nor does it contemplate to raise the sum authorized by law; yet as the experiment is untried, they have thought proper to propose the first class on as small a scale as possible, reserving to themselves the right of proceeding in future to one or two additional classes.

        As soon as a sufficient number of tickets are disposed of, the drawing will commence, and the public will be notified through the medium of papers when the drawing has closed.

        The prizes will be paid in sixty days after the drawing, and all prizes not demanded within one year from the drawing will be considered as forfeited for the benefit of the institution.

        SAM'L MITCHNER,
THOMAS RICE,
M. LLOYD HILL,
Managers.

        Smithfield, Johnston Co. N. Carolina.

        N. B.--If no drawing takes place within twelve months of the first day of March next, the purchase money is to be refunded for all tickets bought, when demanded.

        --The Star, January 28, 1820.


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SMITHFIELD ACADEMY UNDER ROBERT POOR, 1820.

SMITHFIELD ACADEMY.

        THE exercises of this institution will commence on the first Monday in March next, under the superintendence of Mr. Robert Brevard Poor, A. B. Mr. Poor graduated at Cambridge (Mass.) last August, with the distinguished honor of that University, and comes recommended to us in the most flattering terms.

        By order of the Trustees,

        M. LLOYD HILL, Sec'y.

        February 21, 1820.

        --The Star, February 25, 1820.

SMITHFIELD ACADEMY UNDER A. W. GAY, 1827.

SMITHFIELD ACADEMY.

        THE Public are informed, that the exercises of this Institution are in successful operation, under the immediate superintendence of Rev. A. W. Gay. The Trustees can with pleasure state, that their expectations concerning this gentleman, have been more than realized since witnessing his superior management in the business of instruction. The school year, in this Academy, is divided into two sessions, of 5 months each; provides for two examinations, a private and public, and but one vacation, to continue from the middle of August until the middle of October, allowing the scholars the privilege of being at home two months in the fall. Students may here prepare themselves for either of the classes in the University.

        S. MITCHENOR, Pres't.

        --Raleigh Register, March 9, 1827.

TEACHERS IN SMITHFIELD ACADEMY, 1827.

SMITHFIELD MALE AND FEMALE ACADEMY.

        THE third quarter of this Institution will commence on Monday the 15th of October next.

        The subscriber is happy to be able to inform the public that he has employed Miss A. D. Salmon of Fayetteville, to take charge of the Female Department.

        Instruction will be given in all branches usually taught in Academies.

        A. W. GAY, Principal.

        The Editors of the Newbern Sentinal will please insert the above once a week for 3 weeks.

        Sept. 17.

        --Raleigh Register, September 28, 1827.


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SMITHFIELD ACADEMY UNDER J. WARNOCK, 1828.

SMITHFIELD ACADEMY.

        THIS Institution will be opened after the Christmas vacation on the 1st January, 1828, under the superintendence of Rev. J. Warnock, as Principal. Mr. W. is a graduate of Glasgow University, from his testimonials, which are numerous and satisfactory, from his experience and success in teaching during the last six years in this country, the Trustees feel confident in saying that the advantages of this Academy will equal any in the State. The classical course will be adapted to that observed at Chapel Hill. From the unremitting attention which will be paid to the morals and improvement of Students sent to this Academy, the Trustees expect that it shall receive a liberal share of public support.

        Six or eight Students can be accommodated with Boarding in the family of the Principal.

        By order of the Board of Trustees.

        SAM'L MITCHNER, Pres't.

        Smithfield, Dec. 20.

        --Raleigh Register, December 28, 1827.

SMITHFIELD ACADEMY UNDER WM. BROOME, 1835.

SMITHFIELD ACADEMY.

        The exercises of this Institution are now in operation, under the superintendence of the subscriber. Having for some years been engaged in School Teaching, he flatters himself that he will be able to render general satisfaction. Eight or ten Boarders can be conveniently accommodated in the family of the subscriber. Payments to be made quarterly, for Board and Tuition. Terms of tuition:

        
Spelling, Reading and Writing, pr. session $6.00
Arithmetic 8.00
English Grammar and Geography 18.00
The art of Surveying 10.00

        WM. BROOME.

        Smithfield, Johnston county, February 19th, 1835.

        --The Standard, Raleigh, February 27, 1835.


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LINCOLN COUNTY SCHOOLS

PLEASANT RETREAT ACADEMY, 1820.

LINCOLNTON ACADEMY.

        THE Trustees have lately succeeded in engaging the Rev. Joseph E. Bell, late of Union Seminary, in Tennessee, as principal teacher. They have good reason to believe that Mr. Bell is eminently qualified to teach the Latin and Greek languages, and the various branches of English education, which will be taught at this academy.

        The situation of the Academy, the trustees consider advantageous in every point of view; it is well known to be healthy, and pleasant. The country adjacent, is fertile, and the inhabitants both of the neighborhood around it, are remarkable for their frugal and steady habits, morality and industry. Boarding may be obtained in the village and its vicinity for from thirty-seven to fifty dollars per session.

        The exercises of this institution will commence on the first day of February; and the first session will end on the 20th day of June. The second session will commence the 11th day of July, and expire the 22d day of December following.

        The price of tuition for the first class, consisting of Reading, Writing and Arithmetic, five dollars per session--the second class to include the arts and sciences, the Latin and Greek languages, ten dollars per session. The strictest attention will be paid to the morals of the students, by the principal teacher.

        D. REINHARDT, Secretary
to the Board of Trustees.

        Lincolnton, N. C. Jan. 24, 1820.

        --The Star, February 4, 1820.

ACT OF INCORPORATION, 1821.

Posted here Feby 6th, 1875, D. Schenck.
An Act to Incorporate the Lincolnton Female Academy Dec. 27, 1821.

        Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That James Bivings, Vardry McBee, Daniel Hoke, James Hill, John Mushatt, Joseph E. Bell, and Joseph Morris be, and they are hereby declared to be a body politic and corporate, to be known and distinguished by the name of the Trustees of Lincolnton Female Academy, and by that name shall have perpetual succession and a common seal, and that they, the said Trustees, and their successors, by the name aforesaid, or a majority of them, shall be able and capable in law to take, demand, receive, and possess all monies, goods and chattels that shall be given to them for the use of said Academy, and the same shall apply according to the will of the donor; and, by gift, purchase, or devise, to take, have, receive,


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possess, enjoy and retain to them and their successors forever any lands, rents, tenements, hereditaments of what kind, nature or quality soever the same may be in trust and confidence, that the same or the profits thereof shall be applied to and for the use and purposes of establishing and endowing the said Institution.

        II. And be it further enacted, That the said Trustees and their successors, or a majority of them, by the name aforesaid, shall be able and capable in law to bargain, sell, grant, alien, or dispose of and convey and assure to the purchaser or purchasers such lands, rents, tenements and hereditaments aforesaid, when the conditions of the grant to them, or the will of the devisor does not forbid it, and that the said Trustees and their successors, or a majority of them, shall be able and capable in law by the name aforesaid, to sue and be sued, plead and be impleaded, in any court within this State, and to do and perform all such acts and things as are incident to, or usually exercised by, bodies politic and corporate, not inconsistent with the law of this State, touching the object of their incorporation.

        III. Be it further enacted, That this act shall be in force from its ratification. (This act is dated Dec. 27th, 1821. D. Schenck.)

        [On first page of record book David Schenck copied the above.--C. L. C.]

PLEASANT RETREAT ACADEMY IN 1822.

EXAMINATION.

        The second semi-annual examination of the Pleasant Retreat Academy, under the direction of the Rev. John Mushat and Mr. Nathaniel N. Smith, commenced on Monday, the 11th of the present instant, and closed on the succeeding Wednesday.

        The trustees are again, from a sense of the duty they owe to the teachers, to the public and themselves, obliged to express their high satisfaction in relation to the accuracy and progress of the students. Not to find one individual among a number of students, amounting to about eighty, who did not afford satisfactory evidence of the care and ability of the instructors and of the improvement of the students themselves, was calculated to excite a pleasure and present prospects more easily conceived than described. This, and the good order of the students, show in a clear point of view the happy effects that result from the combined operation of talents and faithfulness in those to whom the education of youth is entrusted.

        The exercises of the academy will again commence on the first of January next, under the direction of the same gentlemen who have conducted it during the last year. Boarding, including fire wood, lodging, washing and candles, can be had at the usual price of $7.50 per month.

        To accommodate parents and guardians, who live more southwardly, and whose patronage has been liberal, there will be but one vacation


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in the year, which will commence about the middle of November; although the term of teaching will be considered as divided into two sessions, the first commencing in January, and the second in the month of June.

        D. REINHARDT, Secretary.

        Lincolnton, Nov. 16, 1822.

        --Western Carolinian, November 26, 1822.

EXAMINATION.

        And Exhibition, Pleasant Retreat Academy, in Lincolnton, N. C.

        The Examination of the students in the Lincolnton Male Academy, will commence on the 2nd July, and end on the 3d. The succeeding day the students will have an exhibition, which, it is hoped, will be highly entertaining, as it will consist of a number of select speeches and interesting dramatic performances.

        Parents and Guardians, and friends to literature, are requested to attend.

        D. REINHARDT, Sec'ry.

        May 25, 1822.

        --Western Carolinian, June 11, 1822.

PLEASANT RETREAT EXAMINATION, JULY, 1822.

LINCOLNTON ACADEMY.

        The Examination of the students of Pleasant Retreat Academy, at Lincolnton, N. C., commenced on Monday morning, the 1st of July, and closed on the evening of the succeeding Wednesday. The different classes were examined on the following branches of study:

        First Class--Webster's Spelling Book.--Thos. H. Bevens, Alfred Bevens, George L. Davidson, George W. Henderson, John L. Ramsour.

        Second Class--do.--William W. Mushat, Washington Roderick, Daniel Ramsour, Robert Williamson, Rufus Williamson.

        Reading--New Testament.--George W. Henderson, John L. Ramsour, George L. Davidson, Alfred Bevens, Thos. H. Bevens.

        Reading and Definitions--Columbian Orator.--John F. Burton, Hugh L. Henderson, Luther M. M'Bee, William Williamson, John Motz, George W. Motz.

        Spelling--Walker's Dictionary.--Luther M. M'Bee, Hugh L. Henderson, John F. Burton, William Williamson, James Denson, James P. Henderson, Robert A. Allison, John Motz, George W. Motz.

        The Child's Catechism.--Daniel Ramsour, George W. Henderson, George L. Davidson, Thomas H. Bevens, Alfred Bevens.

        The Shorter Catechism.--Robert A. Allison, John F. Burton, Hugh L. Henderson, George L. Davidson, Luther M. M'Bee, William Williamson, John Motz, George W. Motz.

        Blair's Catechism.--Hugh L. Henderson, John F. Burton, George W. Henderson, Luther M. M'Bee, William Williamson, Thos. H. Bevens, Alfred Bevens, John Motz, George W. Motz, George L. Davidson.


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        Pike's Arithmetic.--James Denson, Robert A. Allison, James P. Henderson.

        Murray's English Grammar, as far as Syntax.--Eli M'Ree, James P. Henderson, Robert A. Allison.

        Murray's English Grammar and Exercises.--James Denson, Irby Wells.

        Bonnycastle's Algebra, through Irrational Quantities.--Washington Ballard, Robert Ballard, Richard Brumby, Theodorus W. Brevard, William Davidson, James Harbison, Thomas Lee, William Worke.

        Hutton's Algebra, through Quadratic Equations.--Thomas Dews, Charles C. Henderson, Henry Fullenwider.

        Latin Grammar, Corderius, and Selectae veteri.--Henry Fernandes, Samuel Abernathy, William Adamson, Benjamin Norris, Green F. M'Aphee, Marcus W. Reinhardt, John Ballard, John Grier--ex S. V.--Robert Beatie--ex C. and S. V.--Robert Keils.

        Mair's Introduction.--A. C. M'Donald, James Boyd, William Boyd, Silas M'Bee, Sidney Johnson, James Johnson, John Hugging, Thomas Williams.

        First Virgil Class.--Samuel Connor, James Connor, Reuben Gerald, Ranson Hunly, Michael Hoke, Jacob Ramsour, Richard Norris, Franklin Henderson, John Williamson, Moses White, John Lowry, James Abernathy.

        Second Virgil Class.--James Boyd, William Boyd, John Huggins, Osmyn B. Irvine, Silas M'Bee, A. C. M'Donald, William Telliller, Thomas Williamson.

        Cicero's Orations, Horace's Odes, and Art of Poetry.--Washington Ballard, Richard Burmby, Henry Canty, John Hoke, George Hoke, William Coppedge, William Jones, William Worke, James Rudisil, Alphonzo Worke, William Thomas, Washington Williams, Thomas Dews, Thomas Lee, William Davidson.

        Greek Grammar.--Samuel Connor, James Conor, Henry Canty, George Hoke, John Hoke, Michael Hoke, Franklin Henderson, Ranson Hunly, William Jones, Reuben Gerald, John Lowry, Richard Norris, Jacob Ramsour, James Rudisil, William F. Thomas, John Williamson, Alphonzo Worke, Moses White.

        Greek Testament.--Samuel Connor, James Connor, William A. Coppedge, John Hoke, George Hoke, Michael Hoke, Franklin Henderson, John Lowry, Richard Norris, Jacob Ramsour, James Rudisil, William F. Thomas, Alphonzo Worke, John Williamson.

        Xenophon's Cyropædia.--William Worke, James Harbison, Washington Ballard, Richard Brumby, Thomas Lee, Thomas Dews, Washington Williams.

        Watts' Logic and Blair's Lectures.--Charles C. Henderson, Robert Ballard, Henry Fullenwider, Thomas Dews.

        With respect to the examination of the above classes, the Trustees have deemed it the most expedient to make no distinction; being convinced that it is impossible for those, who peruse the columns of a newspaper


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containing an account of the examination of the students of an Academy, to draw any correct conclusion relative to their progress and accuracy. And at the same time, sensible of the duty they owe to society, they only observe, that the above examination reflected high honor upon the industry and talents of the students, and afforded the most satisfactory evidence of the care, diligence and abilities of the teachers.

        The exercises of the Academy are still continued under the superintendence of the Rev. John Mushat and Nathaniel N. Smith.

        It is, likewise, with pleasure the Trustees mention the orderly conduct of the students, the friendly disposition of the citizens toward the institution, and the zeal they manifest in promoting its interest.

        These circumstances, while they excite gratitude to Him, who is the "giver of every good and perfect gift," cannot but strengthen the confidence of society, and interest them in promoting the prosperity of an institution, which bids fair to promote science and virtue.

        D. REINHARDT, Secr'y.

        --Western Carolinian, July 16, 1822.

PLEASANT RETREAT ACADEMY TEACHERS, 1823.

         * * * The exercises of the Academy will again commence on the 16th of the present inst. under the direction of the Rev. John Mushat, and Mr. James J. Watson. In this gentleman, Mr. Mushat, from his experience, is warranted to place the highest confidence; and has no doubt but he will prove himself worthy of the patronage of his employers.

        Lincolnton, June 12, 1823.

        JACOB FORNEY, Sec'y.

        --Western Carolinian, June 24, 1823.

PLEASANT RETREAT ACADEMY TEACHERS, 1824.

EDUCATION.

        The trustees of the Pleasant Retreat Academy, in Lincolnton, N. C., have succeeded in procuring another Principal Teacher to supply the place of the Rev. John Mushat, viz.: Mr. Allen D. Metcalf, a graduate of Hamden Sydney College, Va., who is recommended by Dr. Cushing, the President of said College, as a man of unexceptionable moral character, and eminently qualified to teach in our best public schools, and under whom the exercises of said Academy have commenced. * * *

        JACOB FORNEY, Sec'y.

        --Western Carolinian, January 20, 1824.

PLEASANT RETREAT TEACHERS, 1825.

EDUCATION.

        THE Trustees of the Pleasant Retreat Academy, of Lincolnton, N. C., have contracted with Samuel P. Simpson and Nathaniel N. Smith, to take charge of this institution the ensuing session, which will commence


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on the first Monday in November next, and which is to be carried on permanently under the care of Doctor S. P. Simpson. The testimonials which he has produced (from highly respectable authority) of his irreproachable moral character and his qualifications to teach, and the well known and established moral character and tried abilities of Nathaniel N. Smith in the instruction of youth, have impressed the Trustees of this Academy with the highest confidence, that the greatest attention will be paid, not only to the correct instruction of the students in the Languages and Sciences, but likewise to their morals. From these considerations, together with the healthful situation of the Academy, and the low price of boarding, it is confidently expected they will receive due encouragement from a liberal and enlightened public.

        Dr. Simpson expects to continue the practice of physic, as usual; and having four students of medicine under his care, some of whom have been with him for some length of time, and who can assist him in his professional duties, he expects to be able to attend to the Academy without loss of time.

        By order of the Board of Trustees.

        HENRY FULENWIDER, Sec'y.

        --Catawba Journal, June 22, 1825.

RECORD OF THE TRUSTEES OF LINCOLNTON FEMALE ACADEMY.

        1. Monday 24th May, 1824. At V. McBee's. Trustees met. Present--James Bivings, Vardry McBee, Joseph E. Bell, Jacob Forney, Charles E. Reinhardt, and John Zimmerman. Dr. Bivings in the chair. The question "Shall, The Academy House be long or square?" was decided thus.

        For a long house

        For a square house

        J. Forney

        V. McBee

        C. E. Reinhardt

        J. Zimmerman

        J. E. Bell

        2. The question "Shall we have a bell for the academy?" was unanimously decided in the affirmative.

        3. Shall we build a portico to the academy?

        Yeas

        Nays

        J. Forney

        V. McBee

        C. E. Reinhardt

        J. E. Bell

        J. Zimmerman

        4. Resolved unanimously that the building be brick. Length 40 feet, breadth 25 feet; height, 2 stories; 11 feet below; 2 brick thick; 10 feet above; 1½ brick thick.

        5. On motion of Vardry McBee, James Bivings and John Zimmerman were appointed a committee to draft a plan for the house, and to make a bill for the rock, timber, lime, etc., and report the same to the Secretary against the 29th Inst.


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        6. Ordered that the Secretary publish by advertisement at several places, that on Saturday the 5th of June, next, the Trustees will attend at the Court House in Lincolnton, from 12 till 4 o'clock; for the purpose of making contracts for the materials, and the work necessary for the erection and completion of the Female Academy.

        Adjourned.

        JOSEPH E. BELL, Secretary.

        Saturday 5th June, 1824. Trustees met according to the adjournment of the Secretary. Present:--Dr. James Bivings, Joseph E. Bell, Charles E. Reinhardt, John Zimmerman and Jacob Forney. Dr. Bivings in the chair. The committee appointed to assist Mrs. Matthews to form rules, etc., discharged their duty.

        The Secretary discharged his duty contained in the 6 Resolution of the last meeting.

        Bills were handed in by the several carpenters, but as they did not contain the same specifications,

        1. Ordered that Dr. James Bivings make out a specific bill with the prices blank, and furnish each carpenter with a true copy that they may fill the blanks with their own prices and hand them to the Trustees on the 19th Inst. between 1 and three o'clock, P. M.

        Mr. Thomas Webster and Mr. Lemuel Moorman handed in bills for the brickwork, &c. Laid upon the table for consideration.

        Samuel Yount is to deliver 3500 feet of flooring plank 1⅔ inches thick, and 3000 feet of ¾ ceiling, and 1000 feet inch plank, all well seasoned against the 1st day of March next for which he is to receive $1.25 cts per hundred.

        Phillip Hines is to deliver 4000 feet of inch plank and 500 feet of inch and half, well seasoned, against the 1st day of March, next, at $1.25 cts pr. hundred.

        Michal Reinhardt is to deliver 75,000 brick all hard burnt, fit to lay to the weather, against the 1st day of November next, at $6.50 cts pr. thousand. Bonds to be executed the 19th Inst. for the performance of contracts.

        Messrs. Webster and Moorman lifted their bills, retired, and handed in others, which were higher than the former ones.

        2. Whereupon, resolved, that the board make no engagements with them, because of their alterations above stated: and that the contracts for the said work be postponed ad indefinitum.

        Adjourned till the 19th Inst. at 1 o'clock P. M.

        JOSEPH E. BELL, Secr'y.

        Saturday 19th June, 1824. Trustees met according to adjournment. Present--Dr. James Bivings, Daniel Hoke, Joseph E. Bell, Vardry McBee, John Zimmerman and Jacob Forney. Dr. Bivings in the chair.

        1. The trustees unanimously agreed that, as the expense of portico will be considerable, they will not have one to the Academy.

        Samuel Yundt, Philip Hines, Michael Reinhardt, John Williams,


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and Lemuel Moorman executed bonds to the trustees. So did Andrew Ramseur and ----. See Bonds.

        Philip Hines is to furnish all the scantling at $1.69 pr hundred feet. See bond.

        Daniel Hoke is to furnish all the hewn timber for $35.

        Thomas Webster is to furnish all the window sills of good soapstone at 62½ cents per foot, and door sills of granite at $1 per foot, neatly hewn, &c.

        Adjourned Sine Die.

        JOSEPH E. BELL, Secretary.

        Trustees met at V. McBee's, 16th Oct'r. 1824. Present--V. McBee, Joseph E. Bell, Jacob Forney, Charles E. Reinhardt, and John Zimmerman. V. McBee was chosen chairman of the board.

        Resolved that John Zimmerman make a contract for scantling to make lintels for the doors and windows of the Academy house, which scantling is to be well seasoned.

        A letter from Colo. Michael Reinhardt dated October 8th, 1824, was laid before the board, in which letter Mr. Reinhardt requests a longer time to perform his contract. The board are of the opinion that as other contracts depend upon Mr. Reinhardt's, they cannot, at present, indulge him. Vardry McBee is requested to write to Mr. Reinhardt, and inform him of the opinion of the board, and to urge him to be ready if possible, against the time specified in his contract. Adjorned Sine Die.

        JOSEPH E. BELL, Secretary.

        November 5, 1824. Trustees met at Vardry McBee's. Present:--V. McBee, John Zimmerman, Joseph E. Bell, Dr. James Bivings, and Jacob Forney. James Bivings in the chair.

        Resolved that the board give Lemuel Moorman and Andrew Ramseur, one month longer to perform their contract, than is specified in their bonds. And that Michael Reinhardt have three months in like manner.

        Resolved that John Zimmerman be appointed to receive and take care of all the materials for building the female Academy. And that he superintend the finishing of the same; and that the board allow him a compensation for his services.

        Resolved that Jacob Forney be treasurer of the Board.

        Adjourned Sine Die.

        Jos. E. BELL, Secretary.

        At a Call Meeting at V. McBee's, Esq., 21st March, 1825. Present--Dr. James Bivings in the chair--Jacob Forney, Charles E. Reinhardt, John Zimmerman, Vardry McBee and Daniel Hoke.

        Resolved that the seasoned plank now at the Academy site be hauled to the shop of Andrew Ramsour at the expense of the Board, That, if necessary John Zimmerman purchase plank for the scaffolds for the carpenters.


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        Resolved that the Secretary furnish Col. Daniel Hoke with a bill of the hewn timber for the Academy.

        Resolved that the Secretary publish that a contract will be let for furnishing doors, &c., window sills, for the Academy, on the second Saturday in April next. In the meantime John Zimmerman & James Bivings (or either of them) are authorised to make a private contract for them. Jacob Forney is authorised to contract for the delivery of four hundred and fifty bushels of lime, at the Academy as soon as possible; and the Secretary is requested to notify Mr. Forney of this resolution. Adjourned.

        N. B. Vardry McBee was Secretary pro tem.

        July 23rd, 1825. At V. McBee's. Trustees met. Present:--V. McBee, Jos. E. Bell, Jacob Forney, John Zimmerman and Charles E. Reinhardt. V. McBee in the chair.

        Whereas it appears to the board, that there is a sufficient quantity of brick at the Academy to finish the building, therefore, resolved that the secretary request Col. Michael Reinhardt to deliver no more brick at the Academy.

        J. E. BELL, Secretary.

        Saturday, October 22nd, 1825. The Trustees met at V. McBee's. Present:--V. McBee in the chair--J. E. Bell, J. Forney, John Zimmerman and James Bivings.

        The board took into consideration the propriety of procuring some lady to take charge of the female Academy.

        Proposals from Miss Harriet Allen were laid before the Board; and after mature deliberation the board resolved, that a subscription paper be drawn, and presented to the people, that the board may know what amount to offer a preceptress for an annual salary. And likewise resolved that the Secretary write to Mr. ---- and inform him that a subscription paper is in circulation, and that as soon as possible, the Board will inform him of the result.

        Adjourned to meet at this place on Monday next at 6 o'clock P. M.

        Jos. E. BELL, Secretary.

        To the Honorable the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina:

        The Petition of the Subscribers, Inhabitants of Lincoln County in the State aforesaid, humbly sheweth to your honorable body that some years ago, an act of Assembly was passed authorizing the laying off and selling in lots a part of the Town Commons of Lincolnton for the purpose of raising a fund to erect a Male Academy house in said Town, To procure a Fire Engine, etc., and by virtue of said act, the commissioners appointed, proceeded to sell said lots, and out of money arising from said sale they have erected an Academy house, and procured a Fire Engine, etc. as directed by said law, and there still remains in the hands of Jacob Ramsour, Esq., not appropriated to any specific purpose, and whereas, repairs of said Academy house are frequently needed, your Petitioners


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pray that the balance of money so remaining in the hands of the said Jacob Ramsour, may be directed to be appropriated for the purpose of repairing said Academy house, from time to time as the Trustees thereof may deem necessary, and your Petitioners will ever pray,

        WM. HENDERSON,
JACOB RAMSOUR,
ROBERT WILLIAMSON,
G. MCCULLOH,
VARDRY MCBEE.

        In House of Commons, Nov. 29, 1825: Read and referred to to Com. on Propositions and Grievances. 1

        1 Unpublished Legislative Documents.


        November 19th, 1825. The Trustees met at V. McBee's. Dr. Bivings in the chair. Present:--J. E. Bell, V. McBee, J. Zimmerman, J. Forney.

        Agreed with Mr. Lamuel Moorman to plaster the Academy with three coats of plaster, to be executed in a workmanlike manner & to furnish everything (together with the attendance and boarding) except the lime and plaster of paris, for seventy dollars.

        Jacob Forney was authorized to send for a barrel of plaster of paris.

        John Zimmerman was authorized to contract for writing tables and seats for the Academy and to have three other tables made, one three feet square, and the other six feet long and four feet wide. Also to get stone steps for the Academy doors.

        Agreed to give Rev. Joseph E. Bell five dollars for his extra services in writing bonds, Bill &c., for the Board of Trustees.

        JOSEPH E. BELL, Secretary.

        Saturday, December the 31st, A. D. 1825, at Jacob Forney's. The Trustees met. Present:--John Zimmerman, Joseph E. Bell, James Bivings, and Vardry McBee. Dr. James Bivings in the chair.

        A communication from Mrs. Lucretia Matthews was laid before the Board by Dr. Bivings. (See said communication field with the Secretary.) After deliberation the Board Resolved, that, as the substance of Mrs. Matthews' communication is a subject of importance; and as three of the Trustees are absent, therefore it be postponed until all the Trustees can be assembled.

        Adjourned to meet at this place on Tuesday the 3rd day of January next, at 6 o'clock, P. M.

        JOSEPH E. BELL, Secretary.

        Tuesday, January 3rd, 1825. Trustees met according to adjournment. Present Joseph E. Bell, Charles E. Reinhardt, Daniel Hoke, Vardry McBee, James Bivings and John Zimmerman. Dr. Bivings in the chair. Mrs. Matthews letter was read.

        Whereupon Col. Daniel Hoke moved that the Board should determine


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whether they would employ Mrs. Matthews as Tutress of the Female Academy or not? This motion was seconded by Col. John Zimmerman. After discussion upon the motion, it was decided in the affirmative, viz:--

        Yeas.

        C. E. Reinhardt 2.

        Daniel Hoke 1.

        V. McBee 3.

        Nays.

        John Zimmerman 2.

        Joseph E. Bell 1.

        It was resolved that Mrs. Lucretia Matthews be tutress of the Female Academy of Lincolnton until the Board can procure another Tutress, and no longer. And as soon as the Board can procure another Tutress Mrs. Matthews shall give up the Academy and the pupils.

        JOSEPH E. BELL, Secretary.

        July 13th, 1826. The Trustees met at the Court House. Present:--Vardry McBee, Esq., Col. Daniel Hoke, Charles E. Reinhardt, Esq., and Joseph E. Bell. Col. Daniel Hoke in the chair.

        The design of this meeting was to consult the citizens of the Town and vicinity upon the expediency of procuring a suitable person to take charge of the Female Academy. A few of the citizens assembled and the subject was amicably discussed.

        Resolved that the Secretary write to Miss Mariah Allen and inform her, that if she will engage to teach all the branches that are required to be taught in the Lincolnton Female Academy, the Trustees will engage to pay her the sum of $400.00 per annum; with the profits arising from tuition to the sum of $500.00. And the Secretary is requested to write to & inquire of Miss Allen, whether she will teach for us upon these conditions, and at what time she could commence.

        Resolved, further, that a subscription paper be circulated among the citizens for the purpose of ascertaining the number of scholars that can be raised.

        Adjourned Sine Die.

        JOSEPH E. BELL, Secretary.

        August 11th, 1826. The Trustees met at V. McBee's. Present:-- Daniel Hoke, Charles E. Reinhardt, Jacob Forney, Joseph E. Bell, Vardry McBee, and John Zimmerman. V. McBee in the chair.

        The Board took into consideration the compensation of Col. John Zimmerman, who was appointed to superintend the building of the Female Academy, for his services in attending to said building.

        Ordered that the Treasurer pay John Zimmerman $50.00 for his services aforesaid. And that the Secretary issue an order in favor of the said Zimmerman to the Treasurer for the said sum; which order shall be a sufficient voucher for the Treasurer in his settlement with the Board.


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        Ordered that the Trustees or any two of them settle with the Treasurer, at next Court, and report to the Board.

        JOSEPH E. BELL, Secretary.

        December 8th, 1826. Trustees met at David Reinhardt's. Present:-- Col. Daniel Hoke, Col. John Zimmerman, Charles E. Reinhardt, Esq., James Bivings and Joseph E. Bell. Col. D. Hoke in the chair.

        Resolved that Miss Mariah Allyn be and she is hereby appointed Principal Tutress of the Lincolnton Female Academy, with all the rights, powers and privileges pertaining to the said office. And that she commence the exercises of tuition on the 11th Inst.

        Resolved further, that the first session end on the 25th day of May, next; and that the second session commence on the 25th day of June, 1827, and expire on the 7th of December following.

        Ordered that the Secretary cause it to be published in the Western Carolinian for three weeks that tuition will commence in the Lincolnton Female Academy on the 11th Inst. under the care of Miss Allyn, principal of the institution.

        Ordered that Charles E. Reinhardt, Vardry McBee and Dr. James Bivings be a committee to settle with the Treasurer and report to the Board.

        Agreed that if the stove in the Old Academy be unfit to put in the new academy, it will be sold and the money be put in the Treasury.

        Adjourned to meet at the Academy on Monday next at 9 o'clock, A. M.

        J. E. BELL, Secretary.

        Female Academy, Dec. 11th, 1826. Trustees met. Present:-- Charles E. Reinhardt, Dr. James Bivings, Col. John Zimmerman and Joseph E. Bell.

        Miss Maria Allyn was presented to the young ladies as principal Tutress;--the roll was given to her and branches composing the different classes with a brief address to her and her pupils. The school was then opened with prayer and tuition commenced.

        Adjourned Sine Die.

        JOS. E. BELL, Secretary.

        David Reinhardt's. January 15th, 1827. Trustees met. Present--Daniel Hoke, John Zimmerman, Charles E. Reinhardt, and Joseph E. Bell. Daniel Hoke in the chair.

        Resolved that the following be the established prices of tuition in the Female Academy, viz:

        Lower Class--Spelling, Reading, Writing, Definition, Arithmetic, Marking, and Plain Sewing, $5.00 per session. On English Grammar studied by this class, an extra charge of $1.00 per session (Amended July 8th, 1827.)

        Higher Class--History, Geography, Chemistry, Moral and Natural Philosophy, Rhetoric, Logic and English Grammar, $10.00 per session.


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On Drawing, Painting and Embroidery or Fancy Needle Work, studied by either class an extra charge of $2.00 per session.

        The Tutress laid before the Board some general rules of government, which were examined, approved and returned.

        Jacob Forney laid before the Board his resignation as trustee of the institution, which was received and filed with the secretary. Mr. Forney also verbally resigned as Treasurer of the Board. Vouchers punched and filed.

        Resolved that John Zimmerman have shutters made and hung to the windows in the lower story of the house, and have the windows in which the glass is broken, neatly glazed, and cause the same to be paid for out of the funds of the institution.

        Jos. E. BELL, Secretary.

        February 12th, 1827. At Vardry McBee's. Trustees met. Present:--Vardry McBee, John Zimmerman, Charles E. Reinhardt, Joseph E. Bell and James Bivings. Dr. Bivings in the chair.

        Resolved that the shutters to the windows of the Academy House be baton, dove-tailed, and strong, and that John Zimmerman, who was appointed at a former meeting, cause this resolution to be executed, as soon as possible.

        Joseph E. Bell resigned as Secretary of the Board after this evening. John D. Hoke was elected as a trustee in the place of Jacob Forney resigned, and was also elected secretary of the board in the place of Joseph E. Bell, resigned.

        Joseph E. Bell was elected Treasurer of the Board and ordered to take charge of all monies, etc., belonging to the Board; to receive the money due to the Board for tuition, and to pay the tutress half the amount of the first session, if he receive so much, or as much as he may receive, and to keep the accounts between the subscribers, the tutress and the Board.

        Adjourned.

        JOSEPH E. BELL, Secretary.

        Thursday Evening, May 17th, 1827. A majority of the Board met according to previous notice. Dr. James Bivings in the chair. Present--J. E. Bell, Col. Zimmerman, Charles E. Reinhardt, Esq. and John D. Hoke.

        Mr. Bell tendered his resignation as Treasurer of the Board and it was accepted.

        In settlement with the Board Mr. Bell, former treasurer paid one hundred, thirty-nine dollars 13½ cents amount in his hands.

        And also the amount of his own subscription to Miss Allen, two dollars and fifty cents, making the aggregate paid to the board one hundred, forty-one and sixty-three & ½ cents.

        Resolved that Dr. Bivings request Miss Allen to notify each employer through the scholars to send 12½ cents each for fire wood.

        The business finished the Board adjourned.

        JOHN D. HOKE, Secr'y.


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FEMALE ACADEMY, MAY 21ST, 1827.

        Thursday Morning the Board met. Dr. James Bivings, V. McBee, Mr. Reinhardt, Mr. Bell, Col. John Zimmerman, & J. D. Hoke. The examination of students under the care of Miss Allen commenced.

        First Class--Reading Tytler's History.--Sarah Williamson, Elizabeth Norris, Anne Hoke, Catherine Schenck, Nancy Bivings, Emiline Reinhardt, Eliza Ramseur, Jane Caldwell, Mary Henderson, Jane Reinhardt, Jane Johnson, Rebecca A. H. Bell. Approved.

        Second Class--Reading Murray's Reader.--Adeline Ramsour, Elizabeth Ramsour, Clarissa Zimmerman, Elizabeth Motz, Eliza Hoke, Harriet Ramsour, Nancy Moorman, Mary Zimmerman, Sarah Darr, Patsy McBee, ---- Reinhardt, Sarah Hoke, Amelia Reinhardt.

        This class of little girls read very correctly. Clarissa Zimmerman, Eliza Hoke, & Nancy Moorman are declared the best and equal.

        Third Class--Walker's Dictionary, Spelling and Definition.--Consisting of the same as the second. Highly approved.

        Fourth Class--Murray's English Grammar through Syntax. Parsing Murray's Exercises.--Sarah Williamson, Elizabeth Norris, Ann Hoke, Catherine Schenck, Nancy Bivings, Emaline Reinhardt, Eliza Ramseur, Jane Caldwell, Nancy Kisler, Anne Zimmerman, Mary Henderson, Jane Reinhardt, Jane Johnson, Adaline Ramsour, Elizabeth Motz, Harriet Ramsour. This class generally displayed a correct knowledge of the principles of English Grammar. If any distinction it is awarded to Miss Sarah Williamson, Miss Nancy Ramsour and Miss Emaline Reinhardt.

        Fifth Class--Catechism.--Sarah Hoke, Mary Zimmerman, Patsy McBee. Approved and equal.

        Sixth Class--Catechism.--Sarah Darr. Approved.

        Seventh Class--Catechism.--Elizabeth Ramseur, Eliza Hoke. Approved and equal.

        Eighth Class--Rules of Arithmetic, through Reduction.--Emaline Reinhardt, Jane Caldwell, Jane Reinhardt, Eliza Ramseur, Nancy Kistler, Anne Zimmerman, Mary Henderson, Jane Johnston, Rebecca A. H. Bell, Clarissa Zimmerman. Approved and equal.

        Ninth Class--On the Multiplication Table.--Consisting of some little girls of the second and third classes. Highly approved.

        Afternoon--Trustees met. All present. Col. John Hoke was unanimously elected Treasurer for the Board of Trustees, and accepts the appointment. Examinations continued.

        Tenth Class--Reading History.--Same as the first. Approved.

        Eleventh Class--Geography.--Miss Jane Johnston. Approved.

        Twelfth Class--Ancient Geography.--Sarah Williamson. Highly approved.

        Thirteenth Class--Modern Geography.--Elizabeth Norris, Anne


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Hoke, Katherine Schenck, Nancy Bivings, Emaline Reinhardt, Eliza Ramseur, Anne Zimmerman, Jane Reinhardt. All approved.

        Fourteenth Class--Questions on (Tytler's) History.--Catherine Schenck, Emaline Reinhardt, Eliza Ramseur, Jane Caldwell, Jane Reinhardt. All highly approved. Emaline Reinhardt is believed to be the best.

        Fifteenth Class--Natural Philosophy.--Catherine Schenck, Nancy Bivings, Emaline Reinhardt. Very good and equal.

        Sixteenth Class--Blair's Rhetoric.--Sarah Williamson, Catherine Schenck. Very good. Approved and equal.

        Seventeenth Class--Original Composition.--Sarah Williamson, Anne Hoke, Catherine Schenck, Nancy Bivings, Emaline Reinhardt, Eliza Ramseur, Jane Reinhardt, Jane Johnston.

        After which an interesting variety of painting, needle work, penmanship, etc., was displayed, and the examination closed by the recitation of two short poems by Elizabeth Ramseur and Eliza Hoke.

        The Board adjourned.

        JOHN D. HOKE, Secretary.

        July 8th, 1827. The Board met at Mr. McBee's office for the purpose of settling with Mr. Burton respecting the building of the Female Academy, &c. It appeared that the amount paid into his hands, arising from sale of lots, was two thousand, eight hundred and one dollars and sixty seven cents, against which amount he produced the following vouchers, amounting to $2,718.98, leaving a balance due in his hands of $82.69. To-wit.:

        
Dr.   Cr.
Amount of sale of lots   $2,801 67
By amount paid to J. Forney   $2,622 73
By amount paid to H. Cansler for surveying, etc.   33 25
By amount paid to B. S. Johnson, crying sale   4 00
By amount paid to Jacob Reinhardt for work   2 00
By amount paid for taxes in 1823 and 1824   1 00
By amount paid for printing advertisements   1 00
Commissions allowed to Mr. Burton   55 00
    $2,718 98
Note on Michael Schenck $63 69  
Cash 19 00  
    82 69
    $2,801 67

        After which settlement there was a balance as stated above in Mr. Burton's hands of $82.69, to-wit: A note on Michael Schenck, amount


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due, $63.69; and cash, $19.00; which amount was paid over by Mr. Burton to Major Henderson, to be accounted for in his settlement between the Trustees of the male and female academies.

        After the above settlement was completed the trustees passed the following resolution. Resolved that those students who belong to the lower class, according to the regulations of tuition are only allowed in the study of grammar to memorize and recite the rules, &c., and the exercises of parsing and the like are considered as higher class branches.

        The board adjourned.

        JOHN D. HOKE, Secretary.

        Wednesday Evening, July 18th, 1827. Trustees met. Present--Vardry McBee, Charles E. Reinhardt, John Zimmerman and John D. Hoke. V. McBee in the chair.

        Resolved, That the window shutters be painted and fastenings be procured for the shutters and a lock be placed on the table drawer, and that Col. Zimmerman carry the resolution into effect, and that he issue orders on the Treasurer for the amount of the same, and also for the making of the shutters.

        The business finished, the Board adjourned.

        JOHN D. HOKE, Secretary.

        Thursday Evening, 15th Nov., 1827. The Trustees of the Female Academy met at David Reinhardt's. Present:--Dr. James Bivings, Daniel Hoke, John Zimmerman, Charles E. Reinhardt and V. McBee.

        It was agreed that John Zimmerman and Vardry McBee be appointed to purchase a sufficient quantity of calico to make a curtain in the Academy for the exhibition at the ensuing examination, which is to be paid for out of the funds belonging to the institution, and that they superintend the fixing and hanging of the same. It was further agreed that Col. Daniel Hoke furnish fire wood for the use of the Academy for the ensuing winter at the price of $1.00 per load.

        On motion it was resolved that the students that have attained to the stand in which they are required to write and show compositions that if they fail to do so hereafter they are to be reported by the tutress to the trustees for such neglect, and that they would be excluded from any marks of distinction or honors at the examination unless they should render satisfactory excuses for such delinquency.

        Recorded by

        V. MCBEE, Secretary Pro Tem.

SECOND SEMI-ANNUAL EXAMINATION, 1827.

        Monday Morning, Dec., 17th. The second semi-annual examination of the pupils of the Female Academy under the care of Miss Maria Allyn, opened with prayer by Rev. Patrick Sparrow.

        The examination was conducted in the following order:

        First Class.--Reading Murray's Reader.--Harriet C. Reinhardt, Amelia Reinhardt. Approved and equal.


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        Second Class--Spelling Two Syllables.--Harriet C. Reinhardt, Amelia Reinhardt, Mary Dews. All performed and well.

        Third Class--Reading Murray's English Reader and Spelling and Definition in Walker's Dictionary.--Eliza Hoke, Margaret Moore, Elizabeth Ramsour, Adaline Reinhardt, Nancy Moorman, Mary Zimmerman, Harriet Ramsour, Elizabeth Motz, Patsy McBee, Adaline Ramsour, Barbara Schenck, Eliza Burton, Sarah Hoke, Rebecca Rudisill, Elizabeth Brem, Mary Dews, Julia Dews. All highly approved; the distinction is in the order of the names.

        Fourth Class--Reading.--Sarah Williamson, Catharine Shenck, Nancy Bivings, Emaline Reinhardt, Rosanna Reinhardt, Lavenia Schenck, Ann Zimmerman, Mary Burton, Jane Reinhardt, Mary Henderson, Catherine Bivings. This class of young ladies read very correctly and distinctly and were all highly approved and equal.

        Fifth Class--Catechism.--Eliza Burton. Performance good.

        Sixth Class--On Shorter Catechism.--Mary Henderson, Margaret Moore, Eliza Brem, Julia Dews, Mary Dews. Performed well and equal.

        Seventh Class--On Murray's English Grammar through Syntax.--Adaline Ramsour, Elizabeth Motz, Julia Dews, Harriet Ramsour, Sarah Hoke, Barbara Schenck, Mary Zimmerman, Nancy Moorman, Elizabeth Bivings, Eliza Burton, Patsy McBee. Adaline Ramsour, Elizabeth Motz, Julia Dews and Harriet Ramsour are pronounced the best, the others very good and equal.

        Eighth Class--On the Rules of Arithmetic.--Anne Zimmerman, Mary Burton, Catherine Bivings, Rosanna Reinhardt, Mary Henderson. Mary Burton, Catherine Bivings and Ann Zimmerman are best.

        Ninth Class--Questions on Modern History.--Sarah Williamson, Emaline Reinhardt, Ann Zimmerman. Very highly approved.

        Tenth Class--Geography.--Catherine Bivings. Approved.

        Tuesday evening before the opening of the examination the Trustees met. A majority present. Jacob Ramsour was proposed and unanimously elected a Trustee to supply the vacancy of J. E. Bell, resigned.

EXAMINATIONS CONTINUED TUESDAY.

        First Class--Arithmetic.--Elizabeth Motz, Adeline Ramsour, Julia Dews, Eliza Burton, Harriet Ramsour, Barbara Schenck, Adaline Reinhardt, Nancy Moorman, Patsy McBee. All approved.

        Second Class--On Memorizing English Grammar.--Eliza Hoke, Elizabeth Ramsour. Both approved.

        Third Class--Parsing.--Sarah Williamson, Catherine Schenck, Nancy Bivings, Emaline Reinhardt, Lavenia Schenck, Anne Zimmerman, Mary Burton, Catherine Bivings. Approved without distinction.

        Fourth Class--Geography.--Catherine Schenck, Nancy Bivings, Lavenia Schenck, Ann Zimmerman, Jane Reinhardt, Mary Burton.


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        All approved and equal. Miss Mary Burton was also separately examined on the Geography of the United States and gave general satisfaction.

        Fifth Class--Ancient Geography.--Emaline Reinhardt. Highly approved.

        Sixth Class--Rhetoric.--Emaline Reinhardt, Nancy Bivings. Young ladies underwent a strict and satisfactory examination.

        Seventh Class--Natural Philosophy.--Emaline Reinhardt, Catherine Schenck, Nancy Bivings, Lavinia Schenck. All very good and equal.

        Eighth Class--Chemistry.--Catherine Schenck. Emaline Reinhardt, Nancy Bivings. Approved and equal.

        After which several very interesting original compositions were read by the young ladies, displaying a very correct taste, and a variety of neat paintings and pieces of embroidery were exhibited, and the examination closed with an address and Approbatory Resolutions in favor of the students and preceptress.

EXAMINATION MONDAY MORNING, JUNE 23RD, 1828.

        The Trustees met in the Academy. A majority present. The Rev. Patrick J. Sparrow addressed the Throne of God in a feeling prayer, when the examination commenced and was conducted in the following order:

        First Class--Reading and Spelling.--Catherine Hoke, Caroline Reinhardt.

        Second Class--Reading in the Testament.--Julia A. Fisher, Ann Phifer.

        Third Class--Reading English Reader; Spelling Five Syllables.--Charlotte McCulloh, Mary Dews, Jane Kerr, Amanda Reinhardt, Mary Quin, Elizabeth Zimmerman, Eliza Hoke, Elizabeth Ramsour, Amelia Reinhardt, Adeline Clyne, Harriet Reinhardt, Ann Butts.

        Fourth Class--Catechism, Historical.--Jane Kerr, Mary Quin, Amanda Reinhardt, Elizabeth Zimmerman, Ann Butts, Adaline Clyne, Harriet Reinhardt.

        Fifth Class--English Grammar through Etymology.--Clarissa Zimmerman, Charlotte McCulloh, Mary Dews, Rebecca Rudisill, Amelia Reinhardt.

        Sixth Class--Parsing; Prose in English Reader.--Eliza Hoke, Elizabeth Motz, Elizabeth Ramsour, Adaline Ramsour, Mary Zimmerman, Mary Henderson, Jane Johnson, Sarah Hoke, Harriet Ramsour, Patsy McBee.

        Seventh Class--Reciting Rules of Arithmetic.--Edelda Quin, Emily Quin, Mary Henderson, Elizabeth Motz, Adaline Ramsour, Clarissa Zimmerman, Patsy McBee.

        Tuesday Morning. The examinations opened with prayer by Rev. P. J. Sparrow, and was continued in the following order:


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EXAMINATIONS CONTINUED, JUNE, 1828.

        First Class--Tytler's History.--Lavenia Schenck, Anne Hoke, Edelda Quin, Eliza Graham, Emily Quin, Jane Johnson, Anne Zimmerman, Mary Henderson, Jane Reinhardt, Clarissa Zimmerman, Catherine Bivings, Elizabeth Motz, Sarah Hoke, Harriet Ramsour, Martha McBee, Adaline Ramsour, Rebecca Rudisill, Mary Zimmerman.

        Second Class--Parsing Poetry.--Anne Hoke, Lavenia Schenck, Jane Reinhardt, Ann Zimmerman, Catherine Bivings.

        Third Class--Geography.--Martha McBee, Eliza Hoke, Elizabeth Ramsour, Mary Henderson, Jane Johnson, Adaline Ramsour, Elizabeth Motz, Sarah Hoke, Harriet Ramsour, Mary Zimmerman.

        Fourth Class--Geography of South America.--Ann Hoke, Ann Zimmerman, Jane Reinhardt, Catherine Bivings.

        Fifth Class--Tytler's History.--Anne Hoke, Anne Zimmerman, Jane Reinhardt, Jane Johnson.

        Sixth Class--Natural Philosophy.--Luvenia Schenck, Anne Hoke, Anne Zimmerman, Jane Reinhardt, Catherine Bivings.

        Seventh Class--Chemistry.--Lavenia Schenck, Jane Reinhardt.

        Ordered by the Board that the Secretary issue an order to the Treasurer in favor of Daniel Shuford, for the amount of his bill for erecting a stage in the Female Academy.

        Ordered by the Board that publication of the commencement of the next session be made in some of the papers which may be deemed most expedient.

        By order

        JOHN D. HOKE, Secretary.

NOVEMBER 26TH, 1828.

        At a call meeting of the Trustees of the Female Academy at the House of David Reinhardt, Esq.

        Present Dr. James Bivings, Chairman; Charles E. Reinhardt, John Zimmerman, and Vardry McBee, who was appointed Secretary pro tem.

        Resolved unanimously that each student of the last and present session be charged with 12½ cents to defray the expenses of fire wood and likewise with 12½ cents at the commencement of the next session. The Secretary to notify the Treasurer of this resolution, whose duty it shall be to make this additional charge at the time he collects the tuition money.

        It was further ordered that Col. John Zimmerman and Jacob Ramsour be appointed to settle all the accounts owing, and ascertain what monies will be divided between the Male and Female Academies, to settle with the Trustees of the Male Academy or any Committee appointed by them for that purpose.

        It was further resolved that Dr. James Bivings, John Zimmerman and Vardry McBee be a committee to view the writing desks, and if they deem it expedient to have them altered, make a contract to have


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them altered and call upon Daniel Shuford, who made them, if they are to be altered.

        That John D. Hoke have the windows in the female academy repainted and render his account to the Treasurer for payment.

        V. MCBEE, Pro Tem.

        Recorded by order of JOHN D. HOKE, Secretary.

EXAMINATIONS, DECEMBER, 1828.

Thursday Evening, December 18th, 1828.

        The Trustees met at the Academy for the purpose of examining classes on the various branches studied during the past session.

        The exercises commenced after an address to the Throne of God by Mr. C. E. Reinhardt.

ORDER OF EXAMINATION.

        First Class--Spelling.--Mary Ramsour. Approved.

        Second Class--Reading Testament and Spelling.--Catherine Hoke, Catherine Reinhardt.

        Fourth Class--Reading Murray's Introduction.--Adaline Cline, Elizabeth Zimmerman, Agnes Fisher, Amelia Reinhardt, Ann Butts, Harriet Reinhardt, Ann Phifer.

        Fifth Class--Spelling.--Same as in the fourth, with Catharine Hoke, Caroline Reinhardt.

        Sixth Class Grammar, through Syntax (memorized).--Elizabeth Shuford, Adaline Reinhardt, Ann Derr, Elmira Hoyle, Amelia Reinhardt, Rebecca Forney, Elizabeth Zimmerman.

        Seventh Class--Multiplication Table.--Adaline Cline, Ann Butts, Agnes Fisher, Harriet Reinhardt.

        Eighth Class--Rules of Arithmetic.--Harriet Ramsour, Adaline Ramsour, Martha McBee, Nancy Moorman, Mary Henderson, Jane Reinhardt, Barbara Schenck, Adaline Reinhardt, Polly Zimmerman, Sally Hoke, Jane Kerr.

        Ninth Class--Polite Learning.--Eliza Hoke, Elizabeth Ramsour.

        Tenth Class--Parsing.--Lavenia Schenck, Elizabeth Ramsour, Eliza Hoke, Jane Reinhardt, Elizabeth Fulenweider, Adaline Ramsour, Harriet Ramsour, Mary Henderson, Adaline Reinhardt, Mary Zimmerman, Barbara Schenck, Sarah Hoke, Martha McBee, Nancy Moorman.

        Eleventh Class--Geography.--Amelia Reinhardt.

        Twelfth Class--Geography.--Barbara Schenck, Julia Dews, Nancy Moorman, Adaline Reinhardt.


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Friday, December 19th--Examination Continued.

        Opened by prayer by the Rev. P. J. Sparrow.

        Thirteenth Class--Reading Titler's History. Lavenia Schenck, Emaline Reinhardt, Elizabeth Fullenweider, Mary Henderson, Jane Reinhardt, Sophia Graham, Julia Dews, Elizabeth Shuford, Nancy Moorman, Adaline Ramsour, Sally Hoke.

        The examination closed on Tuesday. Only two of the Trustees present, viz: John Zimmerman and V. McBee, who concurred in their opinions that the students not only displayed the Vigilance of their Trust, but that ---- than ordinary application.

        On Thursday evening, October 15th, 1829 the Trustees met. Present--Doctor Bivings, Col. Zimmerman, Jacob Ramsour, and John D. Hoke, after a social interchange of opinions upon the concerns of the Academy, it was agreed that Doctor Bivings, Vardry McBee, Esq., and John D. Hoke be a committee to devise some suitable plan of Education and prices of tuition to the various branches, and report the same.

        The meeting adjourned.

        J. D. HOKE, Secy.

        At Mr. McBee's Office.

Friday Evening, October 23rd, 1829.

        The Trustees of the Female Academy met. Present--Dr. James Bivings, Chairman; Vardry McBee, Jacob Ramsour, and John D. Hoke. The Committee appointed at the last meeting reported. Which report was accepted, whereupon

        Resolved unanimously, That the extra charge of one dollar per session in the Lower Class in Grammar henceforth be taken away and the regulation heretofore on that charge be repealed.

        Resolved, That children only reading History, memorizing English Grammar and Geography, be considered as belonging to the lower class.

        Resolved unanimously, That we employ Miss Mariah Alyn as Tutress of the Female Academy for the next session commencing on the 1st Monday in November, and as a compensation for her services that she be allowed the profits of the school agreeably to the prices of tuition as heretofore laid down.

        Resolved, That the Secretary inform her of this resolution and also furnish a copy of the studies and prices of tuition as regulated for the institution.

        The Board adjourned sine die.

        JOHN D. HOKE, Secy.

        February 9th 1830. The Trustees of the Female Academy met. Present--Dr. James Bivings, Chairman; V. McBee, J. Ramsour, John Zimmerman and John D. Hoke.

        Ordered by the Board that a committee of two with the Treasurer make a settlement with Mrs. Reinhardt, formerly tutress of the female


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academy, observing the contract entered into between the Trustees and tutress, and that they report at the next meeting.

        The chairman appointed Jacob Ramsour and John D. Hoke the committee.

        JOHN D. HOKE, Secy.

EXAMINATION APRIL 15TH, 1830.

        The examination of the students of the female academy under Miss Harriet Alyn opened and was conducted in the following order.

        [Record of examination was not entered in the record book.--C. L. C.]

Monday Evening, November 22nd, 1830.

        The Trustees met at Mr. McBee's office. Present--Doct. Bivings, Mr. McBee, Col. Zimmerman and John D. Hoke, to take into consideration a letter received from Miss Harriet Allyn enquiring whether she is to take charge of the Academy next Session.

        It was unanimously Resolved that the Secretary inform Miss Allyn, that they have been satisfied with her management of the Academy and that she may take charge of it again commencing on the 1st Monday in January next five ½ months thereafter, that she have the profits of the school at the usual rate of tuition.

        Resolved that the Academy be repaired and put in good order and that the teachers in future be required to return it in alike good order.

        Resolved that the Secretary make publication that the Academy will be vacant and that a tutress or tutresses will be wanted to supply it, qualified to teach the usual branches together with musick and the ornamental branches.

        Ordered that the publication be made in the Raleigh Star and a New York paper, and that the Secretary call on the Treasurer for the money to pay the expenses.

        At Mr. McBee's office, on the evening of the 20th April the Trustees of the Female Academy met. Present--Doct James Bivings, V. McBee, Jacob Ramsour, Charles E. Reinhardt, and John D. Hoke.

        Resolved that Jacob Ramsour have the shutters repaired and such other repairs as may be necessary.

        On motion of John D. Hoke, Peter Summy was unanimously elected a trustee to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of Col. Zimmerman.

        It was suggested that Mrs. Horton wished the privilege of teaching her school in the Academy. The trustees were unanimously disposed to accommodate her but fearing the precedent might place them in a delicate situation in future, hoped she would withdraw her application.

        Resolved that the publication ordered at last meeting be made.


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AN ELIGIBLE SITUATION

        For one or two young ladies qualified to teach the various branches of female education, viz.: Literary, Ornamental, and Music on the Piano Forte, can be procured upon application to the trustees of the Female Academy in Lincolnton, N. C.

        This academy is a commodious brick building, pleasantly situated in one of the healthiest and handsomest villages in the Southern States.

        Applications, addressed to the trustees or the subscriber, will meet their earliest attention, and any further information given that may be required.

        By order of the Board.

        JNO. D. HOKE, Secretary.

        Lincolnton, N. C., April 20, 1831.

        Price adv. $1.

        --The Star, May 5, 1831.

AT JACOB RAMSOUR'S.

        The Trustees met at Jacob Ramsour's, Novr. 2nd 1831. Present--Jacob Ramsour, Daniel Hoke, Peter Summy Vardry McBee and John D. Hoke.

        The resignation of Dr. James Bivings was read and accepted. John D. Hoke nominated Carlos Leonard and Jacob Ramsour nominated C. C. Henderson to fill the vacancy. Mr. Leonard was elected.

        Resolved that the contract entered into by Mr. J. Ramsour with Miss Thompson be sanctioned by and binding on the board of Trustees.

EXAMINATION SEPTEMBER, 1832.

        A publication of the Scholars of the Female Academy, under charge of Miss Amelia Thompson commenced on Tuesday, 25th September, and ended the next day in the following order:

        [No record entered.--C. L. C.]

        At a meeting of the Trustees at Mr. McBee's Office Septr. 25th, 1832. Present--V. McBee, Charles E. Reinhardt, Jacob Ramsour, Peter Summy, Carlos Leonard and J. D. Hoke.

        Resolved that the Treasurer pay Jacob Ramsour $100 and interest from the 5th Septr 1831 until paid and that he pay Miss Thompson $500, inclusive of what he has heretofore advanced her.

        Resolved that the Treasurer pay Jacob Ramsour for the Piano purchased by him for the Academy with interest out of the fund belonging to the Academy.

        Resolved that the Treasurer pay out of the funds of the Academy the amount of Mr. McBee's account for fire wood.

        Resolved that the trustees being well pleased with Miss Amelia Thompson's management of the school they will obligate themselves


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to pay her $300 for teaching the next Session in the same manner as heretofore.

        Wednesday Evening, June 19th, 1833.

        The Trustees met at Mr. McBee's Office, previous notice having been given to each. Present--Vardry McBee, Jacob Ramsour, Peter Summy, Carlos Leonard and John D. Hoke.

        After interchanging opinions relative to the school it was Resolved that the Secretary write to Miss Amelia Thompson informing her that the Trustees wish again to employ her to take charge of the Academy by renewing the former contract and that they will allow her to engage an assistant to teach music, etc., giving her the proceeds of the School, and that they would be pleased to hear from her and know that she would be willing on her part.

        No other business being proposed the meeting adjourned.

        JOHN D. HOKE, Secy.

        Monday Evening, July 1st, 1833.

        Pursuant to previous notice the Trustees met at Mr. McBee's office. Present--All the Trustees.

        On motion of Jacob Ramsour, ordered that the Treasurer pay the amount of Daniel Shuford's bill for repairs done to the Academy.

        Resolved that the Treasurer pay Mr. McBee his bill for fire wood.

        JOHN D. HOKE, Secy.

        Monday Evening, July 28th, 1834.

        The Trustees met. Present--Jacob Ramsour, Vardry McBee, Carlos Leonard and John D. Hoke.

        Resolved unanimously that Miss Amelia Thompson have the Academy next year with all the profits arising from the school.

        The resignation of Charles E. Reinhardt was accepted and on motion of John D. Hoke, Jacob A. Ramsour was unanimously elected to fill the vacancy.

        JOHN D. HOKE, Secretary.

        Monday Morning, January 4th, 1836.

        The Trustees met at Jacob Ramsour's. Present--Vardry McBee, Jacob Ramsour, Carlos Leonard and J. A. Ramsour. On motion of Vardry McBee, J. A. Ramsour was appointed Secretary and Jacob Ramsour was appointed Chairman. Mr. Jacob Ramsour exhibited the Resignation of Peter Summy, which was accepted, and also in consequence of the Removal of Col. Daniel Hoke and John D. Hoke the following persons were nominated and unanimously appointed in their places, viz: Michael Hoke, David Reinhardt and Perry Roberts.


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        Resolved that the Secretary apprise the above named persons of their appointment as trustees.

        Adjourned.

        J. A. RAMSOUR, Secretary

LINCOLNTON ACADEMY (MALE).

        The Examination of the students under the care of George W. Morrow, will commence the 26th inst. and terminate the day following. Parents and Guardians are particularly requested to attend. The Exercises will be resumed on the first Monday in January.

        GEO. W. MORROW.

        N. B. The price of Tuition per Session (in advance) for the Languages and Mathematics $12.50 cts; for English Grammar, Geography and Arithmetic $8.

        Nov. 18, 1834.

        --Raleigh Register, Tuesday, December 2, 1834.

        Friday evening, January 8th, 1836.

        The Trustees met at Jacob Ramsour's. Present:--Vardry McBee, Jacob Ramsour, Carlos Leonard, Perry Roberts, Michael Hoke & J. A. Ramsour. Jacob Ramsour in the Chair. Jacob Ramsour gave his resignation which was accepted, and B. S. Johnston was appointed to fill his vacancy.

        It was unanimously agreed by the Trustees that Miss Amelia Thompson have charge of the Academy for the next Session & it was farther agreed that the Secretary apprise her of this--& learn from her whether she would wish to teach longer than the next session.

        Adjourned.

        J. A. RAMSOUR (Secy.).

        Monday evening, August 15th, 1836.

        The Trustees met at the house of J. A. Ramsour. Present:--David Reinhardt, Carlos Leonard, B. S. Johnston & J. A. Ramsour. B. S. Johnston was appointed Treasurer of Board of Trustees. He reported on hand $158.23. Presented a bill for tuning & repairing the piano for $8.00, which was accepted leaving a balance of $150.23. It was resolved by the trustees that Mr. Johnston, Mr. Reinhardt & Mr. Leonard make arrangements for having the academy repaired. It was likewise resolved by the Trustees that Mr. Johnston procure for the Academy a pair of good globes when he visits the North. J. A. Ramsour was appointed Secretary of the board of trustees.

        It was likewise agreed by the trustees present--that provided that Miss Smith does not take charge of the academy until the 1st January next--that Miss Wood have the profits of the school from the time she commences until Miss Smith comes.

        J. A. RAMSOUR, Sect.


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        Monday Evening, January 2nd, 1837.

        The Trustees met at the house of J. A. Ramsour's. Present D. Reinhardt, C. Leonard, B. S. Johnston, P. Roberts, J. A. Ramsour. David Reinhardt was called to the chair. On motion of B. S. Johnston C. C. Henderson was nominated as trustee in the place of Vardry McBee removed--& unanimously accepted. B. S. Johnston, C. C. Henderson & J. A. Ramsour were appointed a committee to receive the several bills for repairs &c. done to the Academy & make settlement.

        J. A. RAMSOUR, Secy.

        Tuesday Jan. 3rd, 1837.

        B. S. Johnston, C. C. Henderson & J. A. Ramsour the committee appointed to make settlement met at the office of Mr. Johnston--& after receiving the several bills, found a deficiency in the hands of the Treasurer. The committee thought it the most advisable to scale the several different bills to the amount of money in the hands of the treasurer & give the several persons credit on their several bills of the amount paid to them by the Treasurer annexed on the amount of the several bills presented with them respect in credit.

        At a meeting of Trustees. It was agreed that a tax of twenty five cents be laid on every Scholar for each session for the purpose of raising a fund for the use of the Academy. It was also agreed that a subscription be raised for the purpose of raising funds for enclosing the academy lot & building a small house--which was done.

        Trustees present C. C. HENDERSON
D. REINHARDT
C. LEONARD
B. S. JOHNSTON
M. HOKE
J. A. RAMSOUR

        August 10th, 1838.

        The Trustees met & agreed that the sum of forty three dollars be paid to John McGill for work done by him to Academy lot.

        At this same time James R. Dodge was proposed as a trustee in place of P. G. Roberts decd & elected.

        paid the above amounts--by

        B. S. S.

        Lincolnton 30th June 1841.

        The Board of Trustees met at C. Leonard's Esq.

        J. A. Ramsour offered his resignation which was accepted.

        H. W. Guion was proposed to supply the vacancy, which was unanimously agreed.

        B. S. Johnston the Treasurer to the Board has Rec'd of J. A. Ramsour $21. and of C. C. Henderson $2. and paid C. C. Henderson for purchase a Bill $15.

        T. R. Shuford for repairing stove 50 cents.


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        Lincolnton, Feby 3rd 1841.

        The Board met at H. W. Guions. Present C. Leonard, C. C. Henderson, S. P. Simpson, J. R. Dodge and H. W. Guion.

        On motion of J. R. Dodge the following Rates of Tuition were considered and submitted to the citizens of the town on the next evening in a meeting.

        Rudiments of reading, & writing, and Parley's or similar rudiments of Arithmetic & Geography $5 per Sch.

        Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, English Grammar, Geography 7 pr. do. Philosophy, Astronomy, Arithmetic.

        Botany, History, Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, Geography, &c. $10.

        Plain needle work no additional charge in any class.

        Ornamental Needle Work, Painting, Music, &c., charged in addition.

        S. P. Simpson proposed that, hereafter an instructress of the Academy be paid a stipulated sum per annum, & that the tuition in all the above branches, be the same as then fixed & the proceeds thereof be put into the treasury.

        The meeting adjourned to the fifth month with the view of submitting Rates of Tuition to the Citizens.

        H. W. GUION, Secy.

        February 5, 1841.

        The Board met at C. Leonard's. Present C. Leonard, C. C. Henderson, S. P. Simpson, J. R. Dodge and H. W. Guion. The citizens having met & approved of the rates proposed at the last meeting. On motion made & seconded--they were adopted unanimously--As the Rates of the Female Academy.

        On motion made & seconded it was

        Resolved that the Trustees procure the Services of some competent lady as Instructress of the Academy & for such services bind the Corporation to pay to such Instructress not more than Five hundred dollars for the first year. It was further resolved that James R. Dodge and C. C. Henderson write to their respective friends at the North, to point out & name persons competent, & willing to serve under the terms proposed.

        H. W. GUION, Secy.

        April 10th, 1841.

        The Board met pursuant to a Call of the President at Guion's office. Present--C. C. Henderson, Carlos Leonard, Benjamin S. Johnston, Sam'l P. Simpson and H. W. Guion. C. C. Henderson, esq., laid before the Board a letter addressed to him by Miss Anna M. Rogers of the City of New York, requiring the voice of the Board as to certain queries therein Contained. After considerable consideration the following resolution was, on motion, adopted.

        "Resolved that H. W. Guion, the Secretary, answer the letter of Miss Anna M. Rogers & that he be authorized to say to her that the Trustees have agreed to bind the Institution under their charge, to pay annually the sum of Four hundred & Fifty dollars as a Salary to the Instructress


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called by them to superintend the duties of education & that he be further authorized to say that at the expiration of the first session or the first year the Instructuress so employed, may at her option take the school & the profits thereof, to herself & discontinue her salary--or may continue to receive her salary as her only compensation that in either event the Price established by the Trustees on the 3rd of February ratified on the 5th be adhered to."

        It was further ordered that the answer of H. W. Guion be laid before a Meeting of the Board to be held on Monday evening the 12th instant.

        H. W. GUION, Secy.

        April 12th, 1841.

        The Trustees met pursuant to adjournment. Present C. C. Leonard, B. S. Johnson, L. P. Simpson, C. C. Henderson & H. W. Guion.

        The letter prepared by the Secretary as a reply to the one received from Miss Anna M. Rogers was presented by H. W. Guion Ordered to be read--and was duly considered--The same was amended by respectfully requesting, the usual references from Miss Rogers in case she might feel disposed to accede to the terms proposed. The whole letter was read and unanimously approved. Ordered that a copy of the same be filed.

        H. W. GUION, Secy.

        Lincolnton, July 13th, 1841.

        Pursuant to a call of the President a special meeting was held at the house of C. C. Henderson. Present C. Leonard, B. S. Johnson, C. C. Henderson, L. P. Simpson, James R. Dodge, & H. W. Guion.

        C. C. Henderson made known to the Board that in a day or two he should make a visit to the North, and whilst there he would cheerfully undertake the execution of any authority or commission the Board might confer upon him, especially in procuring a suitable Instructress for the Institution. Whereupon after considerable consultation, the following resolution was on motion adopted.

        Resolved that C. C. Henderson be authorized and empowered, during his visit to the North, to enquire for and if possible engage the services of a suitable & competent Instructress for Lincolnton Female Academy; upon the terms that she will individually undertake the charge of the school with all the profits &---- thereof, at the rates established by the board; or that she will undertake the charge thereof, at a stated salary to be allowed & paid by the Trustees of and sum not exceeding five hundred dollars; which sum the said C. C. Henderson is authorized to fix & establish for one year, provided it be necessary to the procurement of a competent Instructress.

        The meeting then adjourned Sine die.

        H. W. GUION, Secy.

        Lincolnton, September 20, 1841.

        Pursuant to a call of the President, a special meeting of the Board was held in the house of C. C. Henderson. Present C. Leonard, L. P. Simpson, C. C. Henderson, and H. W. Guion.


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        C. C. Henderson stated to the Board that he had made an engagement with Miss Abigail Mason of Pennsylvania at a stated salary of $450. per year with permission to her to take charge of the school & receive the profits thereof instead of her salary either during the first session of the first year. Mr. Henderson further stated that Miss Mason would arrive in all probability by the middle of October.

        Whereupon it was resolved, that the Exercises of the Academy would be resumed on or about the middle of October & that publication be made in the Republican.

        Col. James R. Dodge at this meeting sent in his Resignation as a Trustee. Whereupon after deliberation Thomas R. Shuford was elected to fill the vacancy & H. W. Guion deputed to inform Mr. Shuford of his election.

        The meeting then adjourned.

        H. W. GUION, Sec.

CATAWBA SCHOOL, 1823.

        The first semi-annual examination of the students of the institution, took place on Thursday, the 20th inst.

        The different classes were examined on the following studies, viz: Homer's Iliad, 4 books; Lucian's Dialogues, the Odes of Horace, Virgil's Bucolicks, Nixon's Latin Prosody, together with scanning the different measures of Horace, Corderius, and the Latin Grammar, Arithmetick, Algebra and Geometry in Hutton's course of Mathematicks, Pike's Arithmetic, Willett and Adams' Geography, Pickett and Murray's English Grammar, reading and synonomising in Pickett's Expositor, spelling in Walker's Dictionary and Webster's Spelling Book, the shorter and child's catechism; also on reading, writing and composition.

        The subscribers having had the experience of Nathaniel N. Smith for the last session, feel a confidence in recommending him as a Teacher qualified and disposed to discharge his duty. Under his instruction, young gentlemen can be prepared for entering any college in our country.

        While due attention is paid to the classicks, particular pains will be taken in teaching the English language critically, penmanship, arithmetic, geography, history and composition. Students, for the future, will be required to attend school on Saturday forenoon, for the purpose of reciting English Grammar, reading, parsing, composition, declamation, etc. It often happens that boys who have neglected those previous studies, enter college, and graduate, without being able to write a tolerable letter, much less to arrange their thoughts in a clear, pure and eloquent style. The reason of the above regulation is to obviate this fault. * * *

        ROBERT JOHNSTON,
HENRY CONNOR,
JOHN HAYES.

        Lincoln County, Nov. 20, 1823.

        --Western Carolinian, December 2, 1823.


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CATAWBA SCHOOL COURSE, 1824.

        The subscriber, induced by the encouragement heretofore received, and by the growing prospects of the Catawba School, has consented to extend his engagements with the managers of this institution. In this school the course of instruction is such as to qualify students for admission into the University of this State, or to prepare them for the useful discharge of the duties of active life.

        To attain these objects, the course of instruction will embrace the English, Latin and Greek languages; the elements of abstract and practical Mathematics, Geography, History and Astronomy. In the English language, no pains will be spared in instructing students in reading, orthography, etymology and syntax; and those lower branches of an English education, too much neglected in our public schools, but absolutely necessary in the ordinary concerns of life, shall be strictly attended to.

        In the study of the ancient languages, particular attention will be paid to analysis, prosody, mythology, and composition; while the beauties of the classics will be, at the same time, carefully explained.

        In the mathematics, the course of study will include arithmetic, use and construction of Logarithms, Algebra, Geometry, Trigometry, with their application to surveying, Navigation, etc. * * *

        Also, the second semi-annual examination of the students of this School will commence on the 17th and end on the 20th of May. On the 17th, the English department will be examined; on the 18th, the classical; on the 20th, there will be a public exhibition, in which will be delivered several original and select orations, together with dialogues and dramatic pieces. Parents, Guardians and friends of literature, in general, are respectfully invited to attend.

        Lincoln County, April 20, 1824.

        N. N. SMITH, Rector.

        --Western Carolinian, April 27, 1824.

EXAMINATION CATAWBA SCHOOL, 1824.

EXAMINATION.

        THE examination of the Catawba School commenced on the 17th and ended on the 20th inst. And we, the undersigned, feel a pleasure in announcing, that the specimens of improvement exhibited by the students, in each department, were such as realized our most sanguine expectations; and that there was not an individual who did not give satisfactory evidence of diligence and application on the part of the pupil, and of the ability and attention of the Instructor.

        This school will commence its operation on the 7th of June, under the entire superintendence of Mr. Nathaniel N. Smith. The institution is intended to afford such course of study as will comprise the various branches requisite to perfect a young gentleman for entering the most


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respectable Colleges in our country, or to qualify him for the discharge of the duties of active life.

        Boarding, with good accommodations, including washing, candles, fuel, &c. can be had at the rate of $65 per annum, to be punctually discharged at, or before, the close of each session.

        ROBERT JOHNSTON,
HENRY CONNER.

        Lincoln County, May 22, 1824.

        --Western Carolinian, May 25, 1824.

O'REILLY'S SCHOOL, 1826.

EDUCATION.

        The subscribers having engaged Mr. M. O'Reilly to take charge of a School, beg leave to inform those who may be disposed to educate their children, that a school will be opened on the first of March; boarding can be had on reasonable terms, and a few scholars taken in. Mr. O'Reilly is highly recommended for moral character, and as being well qualified to teach the English, Latin and Greek languages; and we feel confident will give satisfaction to such as may entrust their children to his charge. The situation is healthy, being within one mile and a half of Beattie's Ford, and within three miles of the Catawba Springs in Lincoln County.

        ROBERT ABERNATHY,
ALFRED M. BURTON,
ROBERT H. BURTON.

        Feb. 1, 1826.

        --Catawba Journal, February 7, 1826.

BUFFALO ACADEMY, 1827.

        THE Examination of the students of Buffalo Academy, in Lincoln County, under the care of P. J. Sparrow, was held on the 22d inst. The subscribers having attended it, they think it a duty which they owe to the teacher and students of this institution to say, that the students gave evidence of their having been assiduously and correctly taught in the different branches of education, and that they appear to possess that laudable ambition to excel, which is the life of such institutions. The classes examined in the English language, consisted in Spelling, Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, Grammar, Definition of Words and Geography; and in the dead languages, one class on the Latin Grammar, one on Virgil's Bucolics, one on Virgil's Eneid, Horace's Art of Poetry, and the Greek Testament; and another on Graeca Minora. The examination was conducted with the utmost propriety and decorum, before a number of respectable visitors, who attended on the occasion, and who appeared to be highly gratified. After a short vacation, the exercises of this institution will again commence, under the care of Mr. Sparrow, whom we would recommend as worthy of public patronage.


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This Academy is situated in a healthy place, about 17 miles to the southwest of Lincolnton, in a respectable and plentiful neighborhood, where boarding can be had on ready terms.

        LAWSON HENDERSON,
DAVID KIDDOE.

        --Catawba Journal, January 2, 1827.

BUFFALO SHOAL SCHOOL, 1829.

        AN enfeebled constitution, renders it impossible for me to take an extensive circuit in the practice of my profession as a Lawyer; and I therefore propose, assisted by my brother, to open a School at my house in Lincoln County, on the Catawba River, nine miles from Statesville, and twenty-four miles from Lincolnton, on the first Monday in March next; by which time my buildings will be completed. My house is large and roomy; and I have begun to erect small but comfortable cabins, similar to those at the Winnsborough and Platt Spring Academies of South Carolina. The situation is a handsome one--is known to be perfectly healthy, and has the advantage of being entirely removed from all places of dissipation. No scholar will be taken who cannot board with me as a member of my family.

        I will teach the Latin and Greek Languages, the Mathematics, and the Elements of the other Sciences; and also, if required by parents or guardians, I will teach with great care the elementary branches of an English education. Tuition and boarding, including candles, washing, &c. will be furnished for one hundred dollars per annum, twenty-five of which must be paid in advance. No scholar will be taken for a less term than one quarter; but entrances may be had for one or more quarters at any time after the opening of the school.

        I now have one Law Student, and am anxious to get a few more; to whose examination and instruction I would devote a sufficient portion of time to enable them to proceed with much greater ease than they generally do in lawyers' offices, in acquiring a knowledge of their profession; for it is a notorious fact, that practicing lawyers have neither time nor inclination to direct the studies of their students, and that they do not examine them as often as once a month. Under such circumstances a young man must pursue his studies to great disadvantage; and often license to practice without a competent fund of practical information. I do not propose to deliver law lectures; but I will point out the authors, or the parts of them, which ought to be read; examine the young men daily upon them, converse with them upon the changes which have been made in the English law by the Constitution and laws of the United States, the Constitution and laws of this State, and by the decisions of the Supreme Court. I have a very good library of elementary law books; for the use of which, for instruction, and for boarding, including candles and washing, I will charge each student one hundred dollars per annum, twenty-five of which must be paid in advance.


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        All applications must be made to me in person, or by letter, directed to Thomas' Ferry, Iredell County, or to Statesville.

        For particulars as to my qualifications, I refer to Judge Badger of Raleigh, or to Mayor Henderson of Lincolnton.

        Dec. 11, 1829.

        RICHARD T. BRUMBY.

        --Raleigh Register, December 14, 1829.


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MECKLENBURG COUNTY SCHOOLS

MRS. MILLIGAN'S SCHOOL, 1807.

LADIES SCHOOL.

        Mrs. Milligan respectfully informs the Public that she has opened School in Charlotte, N. C., on the 25th of May, for the purpose of teaching Young Ladies Reading, Writing, English Grammar, Geography, and all kinds of Needle-Work. She promises particular attention to the manners and conduct of the Ladies immediately under her inspection, and hopes to give ample satisfaction to Parents, having taught with success for many years in Charleston, and in several families of the highest standing in S. Carolina being able to produce Certificates of her Abilities in Teaching and also of her Character, from Gentlemen whose Children she has taught. Terms, five dollars for each Scholar for every three months from the above date.

        Several respectable private Families will accommodate Young Ladies with Board on moderate terms.

        Charlotte, June 9, 1807.

        --From Raleigh Register, July 9, 1807.

DEATH OF REV. JOSEPH ALEXANDER, 1809.

        DIED,

        On the 29th ult. in York District, S. C., the Rev. Joseph Alexander, D.D., Minister of the Presbyterian Church, approaching to 80 years of age. He was a native of Pennsylvania, and graduated at Princeton College in 1760. He came to Carolina soon after the Peace of 1763, and was eminently instrumental in planting Churches both in North and South Carolina, at that early period of the settlement of the back country, when both states were in a very destitute condition with respect to religious instruction. He was an excellent classical scholar, and one of the fathers of learning in the Western Woods of Carolina.

        --Raleigh Register, August 24, 1809.

MRS. BEVENS' SCHOOL, 1812.

LADIES BOARDING SCHOOL,
At Charlotte, N. C.

        On Monday the 25th inst. the Subscriber will open a School for Young Ladies, in which will be taught those branches of Female Education usually taught in similar institutions. Those Parents or Guardians


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who may entrust their Children or Wards to her care, may depend on the strictest attention being paid to their morals and improvement.

        The price of Boarding will be 75 dollars per annum--Tuition, 5 dollars per quarter.

        MRS. E. BEVENS.

        Charlotte, May 7, 1812.

        --Raleigh Register, May 22, 1812.

HOPEWELL ACADEMY, 1821.

HOPEWELL ACADEMY.

        This Institution, situated in a quiet country seat, remote from any town or village, enjoying the superior advantages of a remarkably healthy situation, and near the center of an improved, moral, and religious society, is now about to commence its literary course, under the immediate superintendence of the Rev. John Williamson. Good boarding is fixed at $65 per annum, and tuition at $20.

        This institution is fixed near the road from Charlotte to Beattie's ford, (about 10 miles south-east of said ford,) in Mecklenburg county, N. C.

        The patronage of a grateful and generous public is solicited, and every exertion to merit their approbation will be made by the superintendent, and by

        ROBERT DAVIDSON,
JOHN DAVIDSON,
WILLIAM J. WILSON,
JAMES G. FERRENCE.

        Feb. 20, 1821.

        --Western Carolinian, March 20, 1821.

CHARLOTTE ACADEMY, 1822.

CHARLOTTE FEMALE ACADEMY.

        The Examination in this infant institution took place on Wednesday last. There being but one day set apart for the purpose, business was too much hurried to do justice either to the tutoress or her pupils. Spelling, reading, writing, English grammar, geography, and needlework, together with Bible Questions (Sabbath exercises) were all on the carpet. There was too little difference in classes, owing, in a great measure, to their prudential arrangement, that no particular distinctions was thought necessary or right. We do not hesitate to say that all acquitted themselves with much honor; and that those who were examined on geography and grammar, perhaps, have not been excelled by any. Some who began to memorize grammar since the commencement of the session, parsed blank verse with uncommon ease and propriety. Were we even to attempt to do justice to Miss Leavenworth's character as our tutoress, by many, no doubt, we would be accused of exaggeration; suffice it therefore to observe, that her piety is exemplary, and the


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advancement of her pupils satisfactorily proves her capability of performing the duties assigned her, and discharging the trust reposed in her.

        D. R. DUNLAP,
In behalf of the Trustees.

        June 22, 1822.

        Western Carolinian, July 9, 1822.

CHARLOTTE ACADEMY UNDER MISS LEAVENWORTH.

CHARLOTTE FEMALE ACADEMY.

        The second session of this institution has just commenced under the management of Miss Leavenworth, who superintended the last session with the highest approbation. All the branches usually studied by young ladies (music excepted) are taught in this institution. The Trustees flatter themselves, from the talents of Miss Leavenworth as a tutoress, and their attention to the exercises of the school, that very general satisfaction will be given.

        Tuition from six to eleven dollars per semi-annual session, with two dollars additional for fine needle work. Genteel boarding at from twenty-five to forty dollars per session. A few more scholars will be received before the school is closed.

        JOHN IRWIN, Treasurer.

        --Western Carolinian, September 3, 1822.

CHARLOTTE ACADEMY BUILDINGS, 1824.

CHARLOTTE MALE AND FEMALE ACADEMIES.

        The undersigned are authorized to contract for building two Academies in Charlotte, of brick, fifty feet long by thirty feet wide, or thereabouts; two stories high, on a stone foundation, with two partition walls in each, and basement story for cellar, etc. under the female department. Doors and windows proportioned in size and number to the size of the building.

        Proposals will be received by either of the subscribers, until the first of March next, for the mason and carpenter's work separately, but all to go on at the same time. Painting and plastering will be distinct jobs, to be contracted for hereafter. Contractors must furnish all the materials, except the brick.

        J. IRWIN,
DAVID R. DUNLAP,
WILLIAM DAVIDSON.

        February 2, 1824.

        --Western Carolinian, February 10, 1824.

THE TRUSTEES.

        Of the Charlotte Male and Female Academy, are requested to attend at the Court House, in Charlotte, on Monday, the 22d inst. precisely at 10 o'clock.

        ROBERT J. DINKINS, Sec'y.

        Nov. 13, 1824.

        --Catawaba Journal, November 23, 1824.


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CHARLOTTE ACADEMY UNDER THE COTTRELLS, 1825.

        The Trustees of the Charlotte Female Academy have the pleasure of announcing to the public, that the exercises of this Institution will commence on the first Monday in January next, under the superintendence of the Rev. Thomas Cottrell and Lady. A large and convenient brick building, located in one of the most healthy situations in this village, has been erected, which will be occupied by the Rev. T. Cottrell and family. Ample funds for the support of this Institution, have been placed in the hands of the Trustees by the liberal donations of the citizens of Charlotte and its immediate vicinity, who stand pledged, as well as the Trustees, for its respectability. The Trustees feel assured, from the high recommendations of Mr. and Mrs. Cottrell, with which they have been furnished from the most unquestionable sources, and from their long experience in the management of Institutions of this kind, that those who feel a lively interest in the success of this Academy will not be disappointed. The various branches of Female Education, both literary and ornamental, will be taught; and the most unremitting attention is pledged to the manners and morals of the pupils. Boys, not exceeding ten years old, will be admitted. The first session will close on the fifteenth of June, and the next session commence on the next day and close on the 15th of November. Boarding can be had in respectable families in town, at forty dollars per session. Terms of tuition, in the literary branches, per session, $10. The ornamental branches will be taught on the following terms, viz:

        
Muslin Work and Marking, pr. Session $5.00
Embroidery and Marking, pr. Session 10.00
Drawing and Painting on Paper, per Session 10.00
Drawing and Painting on Velvet, pr. Session 10.00
Music on the Piano, pr. Session 20.00

        Each payable in advance.

        N. B.--A few pupils can be accommodated with board at the Academy.

        DAVID R. DUNLAP,
JOHN IRWIN,
WM. J. ALEXANDER,
Committee.

        The editors of the Camden Chronicle and the Western Carolinian, will give the above advertisement four insertions in their respective papers, and forward their accounts for payment.

        A meeting of the Trustees of the Charlotte Academy will be held at the Court-House in this place on Saturday, the 31st of December instant. A general attendance is requested.

        --Catawba Journal, December 13, 1825.


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CHARLOTTE MALE ACADEMY, 1826.

EDUCATION.

        The Trustees of the Academy in Charlotte have the pleasure to announce, that a Classical School, taught by the Rev. Allen D. Metcalf, A. B., will be opened in this place on the 23d of January, 1826. In this school will be taught, in the most approved manner, the Latin and Greek languages, together with all other branches which enter into the foundation of a thorough and liberal education, viz: Mathematics, pure and practical, English Grammar, Geography, &c. &c.

        From their knowledge of Mr. Metcalf's character, as well as from the respectable references he makes, the Trustees do not hesitate to place their entire confidence in him; and all who are disposed to patronize the school, are respectfully invited to do so immediately. Should it be necessary, students in the common branches of English can be admitted.

        The session will commence on the 23d January and end on the 23d June.

        Prices--For Latin and Greek, Mathematics and Sciences, $12 per session.

        For English Grammar and Geography, $10 per session. All payable at the end of the term. By order of the Board,

        ROBT. J. DINKINS, Sec'ry.

        --Catawba Journal, January 17, 1826.

CHARLOTTE FEMALE ACADEMY EXAMINATIONS, 1826.

CHARLOTTE FEMALE ACADEMY.

June 1, 1826.

        THE semi-annual examination of the students of this Institution will take place on Thursday and Friday, the 15th and 16th instant, which will close the first Session. It is hoped the patrons and friends of this infant Seminary will countenance it by their attendance;--the public are respectfully invited.

        The second Session will commence on the Monday following.

TERMS OF TUITION

        
For literature, for each student, per Session $10.00
Ornamental, including drawing, painting, and needle-work, per do 10.00
Music on the Piano, per do 20.00

        We are authorised to state that 8 or 10 young ladies can be boarded in the Academy at $50 per session, under the immediate care of the Tutor and Tutoress, they furnishing their bed clothing and hand towels. In every instance the money will be payable in advance.

        By order of the Board,

        R. J. DINKINS, Sec'ry.

        --Catawaba Journal, June 6, 1826.


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CHARLOTTE FEMALE ACADEMY.

        The Examination in this infant Institution took place on Thursday, the 15th of June, in presence of a respectable number of the trustees and citizens from the town and country; and we are happy to have it in our power to state, that our highest expectations were more than realized on the occasion. The classes were so judiciously arranged, and such equality existed, that no attempt was made to signalize individuals; the trustees believing that honors could not be conferred on some, without doing injustice to others. A considerable number of very small scholars, most of whom commenced in the alphabet, were examined in spelling from 2 to 5 syllables, to the admiration of all. Those who were examined in reading manifested the strictest attention to punctuation and emphasis. The different classes in Grammar, Parsing, Geography, Painting, &c. have probably not been excelled by any in the same time.

        The Rev. Thomas Cottrell and lady were accompanied to this place with various letters of recommendation from the most intelligent and respectable sources in Warren county, where they formerly taught; and such has been the almost unexampled progress of the pupils under their care during the first session, that we feel no hesitation in recommending our Institution to the attention and patronage of the public in general, under the firm persuasion, that the various branches of the female education will be taught as radically as in any other part of the State.

        By order of the Board of Trustees.

        R. J. DINKINS, Secretary.

        N. B.--In this Academy, all the branches usually attended to in female academies, are thoroughly taught; and three teachers constantly employed. The prices of tuition are as follows:

        Literature, $10 per Session.

        Drawing, Painting and Needle-work, $10 do.

        Music on the Piano, $20 do.

        All payable in advance.

        The editors of the Cheraw Gazette and Camden Journal, will give the above three insertions in their respective papers, and forward their accounts for payment.

        --Catawba Journal, July 4, 1826.

FOR THE CATAWBA JOURNAL.

        Mr. Bingham: I attended, on Saturday last, an examination and concert of the young ladies of the Charlotte Female Academy, under the immediate superintendence and direction of Rev. Thomas Cottrell, his Son, and their two Ladies. The exercises of the respective classes were such as to do honor to the amiable and respectable persons who are at the head of the Institution, as well as to give entire satisfaction


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to the parents and guardians who attended on the occasion. It is at all times gratifying to the friends of literature, and ever must be so, to the admirers of beauty and female worth, to see the minds of the fair sex cultivated and embellished in such a manner, as to make woman not only the wife of man, but his intelligent friend and amiable companion. The land of Lafayette affords innumerable instances, to what an elevation the female mind can attain by a correct and well regulated education. "'Tis true, and pity 'tis, 'tis true," that in our country, with all our boasted freedom, stars of this description have never shown in the literary firmament. None will pretend to assert, that it has been owing to a want of genius in the American ladies; for in this respect, we can vie with the proudest kingdom of Europe. To what, then, is it owing, but to a neglect of a proper direction being given to the minds of our fair daughters--to the intellectual attainments of those who, at an after period, are to become mothers to the heroes, statesmen and warriors of our country?

        From the acknowledged talents of the persons who are at the head of this infant institution, and from the admirable specimen they have given of their method of teaching, I hazard nothing in recommending the Institution to the liberal patronage of the public.

        --Catawba Journal, September 19, 1826.

        MADAME DE STAEL.

        The semi-annual Examination of the students in the Academy at this place will commence on the 22d instant, and will probably continue two days. Parents and guardians, and all indeed, who feel an interest in this institution, will, it is hoped, attend and judge for themselves of its claims to their confidence and support.

        The next session, we are requested to mention, will commence on Monday, the 2d day of January next.

        --Catawba Journal, November 7, 1826.

FOR THE CATAWBA JOURNAL.

        The annual examination of the students of the Charlotte Female Academy commenced on the 22d ult. and ended on the evening of the 23d, in presence of a respectable number of citizens from the town and country. Classes of almost every grade, from the Spelling Book up to Natural Philosophy and Astronomy, throughout the examination, gave such evidence of a thorough understanding of all the fundamental principles, as far as they had advanced, as to excite the admiration of all present. Several gentlemen of liberal education, and who have been conversant with such scenes, perhaps all their lives, declared, they never had heard students undergo a more satisfactory examination. Without any disposition to puff, we feel it an imperious duty we owe to the teachers in this Institution, to declare to the public, that they possess an art of adapting instruction to the understanding of Children, which, we believe, is seldom equalled, and perhaps never surpassed. As evidence


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of this declaration, we state, that children of not exceeding 9 or 10 years of age, who have spent but one session in attention to English Grammar, and who had, during that time, attended to various other branches, proved to our satisfaction, a thorough knowledge of the construction of sentences, by parsing the most difficult word selected by any present, without a moment's hesitation. We also had satisfactory evidence, that the abstruse principles of Natural Philosophy and Astronomy were fully comprehended and understood by those who are yet but children. We verily believe, that the fundamental principles of literature and some of the fine arts are as radically taught here as any other place in the Union. To say less, would be doing injustice to our teachers, the institution and our own candor. Very few personal distinctions could be made justly, had the Trustees been so disposed; because the invariable rule of the institution is, to suffer no scholar to progress faster than they learn thoroughly. During the fall season, some sickness prevailed for a time in the village, which was much exaggerated abroad: the whooping cough was prevalent and considerably retarded the business of the Academy: but few, perhaps not more than 3 or 4 were affected with fever--Charlotte is certainly, naturally, a healthy and pleasant Village as any other in the up country, and the fevers which we have occasionally experienced have unquestionably arisen from local causes, which the Commissioners of the town assure us will be removed before the next session. We invite the attention of the public and solicit that patronage which we think our infant institution really merits. The Exercises of the Academy will be resumed on the first Monday in January, 1827. The course of instruction will embrace spelling, reading, writing, arithmetic, English Grammar, Geography, Astronomy, Natural Philosophy, Rhetoric, Chemistry, Ethics, History, plain and ornamental needle-work, Drawing, Painting on Paper and Velvet, and music on the Piano Forte.

        Price of tuition, exclusive of ornamental branches and music, for each Student per Session, $10.

        
Drawing, Painting, and Needle Work $10.00
Music 20.00

        WM. DAVIDSON,
WM. SMITH,
G. KENDRICK,
J. M. HUTCHINSON,
JOHN IRWIN,
D. R. DUNLAP,
JOAB ALEXANDER,
SAMUEL M'COMB,
N. W. ALEXANDER,
THOS. B. SMARTT,
ADAM COOPER.


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        A meeting of the Trustees will be held at the Court-House on Wednesday, the 13th instant. As business of importance will come before the meeting, it is hoped a punctual attendance will be given.

        --Catawba Journal, December 5, 1826.

CHARLOTTE FEMALE ACADEMY TEACHERS, 1827.

CHARLOTTE FEMALE ACADEMY.

        THE Exercises of this Academy, under the superintendence of the Rev. Thomas Cottrell, his son, and their ladies, will be resumed on the 1st Monday in January, 1827. The course of instruction will embrace spelling, reading, writing, arithmetic, English Grammar, Geography, Astronomy, Natural Philosophy, Rhetoric, Chemistry, Ethics, History, Plain and Ornamental Needle Work, Drawing, Painting on Velvet, and Music on the Piano Forte.

        Price of tuition, exclusive of ornamental branches and music, for each Student per Session, $10.

        
Drawing, Painting and Needle Work $10.00
Music 20.00

        Boarding can be had on moderate terms, either at the Academy, or at respectable private houses in town.

        --Catawba Journal, December 12, 1826.

CHARLOTTE ACADEMY EXAMINATIONS, 1827.

        The semi-annual examination of the students of the Charlotte Academy, will be held on the 5th and 6th of June. Parents and Guardians, and all who feel an interest in the prosperity of the institution, are requested to attend, and judge for themselves of its claims to continued patronage.

        --Catawba Journal, May 29, 1827.

        The examination of the students of the Charlotte Academy took place on the 5th and 6th instants, in the presence of a respectable number of citizens from the town and country. The proficiency of the students gave great satisfaction and bore ample testimony to the superior qualifications of those who have charge of the institution. We express it as our firm belief, that there is not an Academy in the State, where the pupils are more thoroughly instructed, and more fully understand what they are taught; than in the institution in this town; and we trust its merits will be so appreciated by the community as to insure it such support as will render it permanent.

        The exercises of the Academy, we are requested to state, will be resumed on Monday, the 18th instant.

        --Catawba Journal, June 12, 1827.


Page 238

CHARLOTTE FEMALE ACADEMY.

        THE young ladies and little misses of this Institution will be examined on Thursday, 22d instant. Parents, patrons, and friends, are requested to attend.

        The exercises of the school will be resumed on the 1st of January, 1828, and continue until the last of July, including a term of seven months. Terms as heretofore, in proportion to the time.

        --Catawba Journal, November 13, 1827.

        R. J. DINKINS.

CHARLOTTE FEMALE ACADEMY FOR 1828.

        THE subscriber respectfully informs the public, that the exercises of this Institution, under the direction of his lady, with suitable assistance, will be resumed on the first day of January, 1828, and continue until the 1st of August, including a term of seven months.

        He flatters himself that the long experience of Mrs. Cottrell in the teaching and management of young ladies, and the general satisfaction she has given, will continue to her a liberal share of public patronage.

        

PRICES OF TUITION.

Literature, for the above mentioned term $14.00
Ornamental Branches 14.00
Music, on the Piano Forte 28.00

        One half payable in advance, the balance at the end of the session.

        One dollar deposit money will be required of each student, to defray the expense of fire-wood for the use of the school and to keep the windows, &c. in repair.

        A few young ladies can be boarded at the Acadamy, on reasonable terms; and merchantable produce, at current prices, will be received in payment for boarding.

        THOS. COTTRELL.

        --Catawba Journal, December 4, 1827.

CHARLOTTE FEMALE ACADEMY EXAMINATIONS, JULY, 1828.

        AN examination of the students of this institution, will commence on Wednesday, 30th inst. and continue from day to day until completed; which will close the present session of seven months. The ensuing session of three months, will commence on the 1st Monday in September. Terms as heretofore.

        July 10, 1828.

        THOS. COTTRELL.

        --Yadkin and Catawba Journal, July 15, 1828.

CHARLOTTE FEMALE ACADEMY ANNOUNCEMENTS, 1828.

CHARLOTTE FEMALE ACADEMY.

        THE exercises of this institution will be resumed on the first day of October, under the direction of the undersigned and his lady. The


Page 239

course of education will embrace Spelling, Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, English Grammar, Geography, Astronomy, Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, Rhetoric, Logic, Ethics and History; Drawing, Painting, Music, Plain and Ornamental Needlework.

        To give tone and energy to the minds of their pupils, by pursuing such a method of instruction as will insure a radical and thorough knowledge of the sciences they may study, will be the object of the teachers. Lectures on the higher branches will be frequently delivered to the classes after recitation. Strict attention will be paid to the manners and morals as well as the literary advancement of all who may be intrusted to their care.

        Price of tuition per Session, (five months) $10.50.

        
Drawing and Painting, per Session $10.00
Needlework, per Session 5.00
Music 20.00

        Payable in advance.

        BENJAMIN COTTRELL.

        N. B.--Board can be obtained in the best families at seven dollars per month:--six or eight young ladies can be accommodated in the Academy.

        The editor of the Camden Journal and Yorkville Pioneer will insert the above three times, and forward their accounts for payment.

        --Yadkin & Catawba Journal, August 26, 1828.

CHARLOTTE ACADEMY EXAMINATIONS, 1829.

CHARLOTTE FEMALE ACADEMY.

        THE examination will commence on the 27th and close on the evening of the 28th, when the present session will have ended. The attendance of the friends of literature is respectfully requested. The exercises will be resumed on Monday, the 2d of March, and continued until the 1st of August.

        BENJAMIN COTTRELL, Principal.

        --Yadkin & Catawba Journal, February 10, 1829.

THE EXAMINATION

        Of the students in the Charlotte Female Academy, will take place on Thursday and Friday, the 30th and 31st. The friends and patrons of the Institution are requested to attend.

        July 9, 1829.

        BENJAMIN COTTRELL, Principal.

        --Yadkin & Catawba Journal, July 14, 1829.

COURSE OF STUDY CHARLOTTE ACADEMY, 1829.

CHARLOTTE FEMALE ACADEMY.

        THE exercises of this institution will be resumed on the first of October. The course of instruction includes Spelling and Reading,


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with particular attention to Orthoëpy and Orthography; Writing, Arithmetic, English Grammar, Geography, Astronomy, Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, History, Rhetoric, Logic and Ethics; Drawing, Painting, Needlework and Music.

        The price of tuition per session, (five months) payable in advance, is $10.

        
Contingent expenses $0.50
Drawing and Painting 10.00
Music 20.00

        Board can be obtained in the best families in town at $7 per month. Six or eight young ladies can be boarded in the Academy.

        BENJAMIN COTTRELL, Principal.

        --Yadkin & Catawba Journal, August 11, 1829.

SPRATTSVILLE LANCASTRIAN SCHOOL, 1822.

SPRATTSVILLE LANCASTRIAN

        School for both sexes, six miles south of Charlotte, on the Old Nation road.

        THE trustees of this institution have the pleasure to inform its friends, and the public generally, that their school-house is elegantly fitted up, and is now open for the reception of scholars, and still continues under the management of Mr. Ulrick, who has pursued this admirable system with much ability and energy, to the credit of the institution and the great improvement of his pupils. The trustees consider it a duty they owe to Mr. Ulrick, to thus publicly acknowledge, that too much cannot be said in his favor, as regards his particular attention to his pupils, and his ability to perform the duty committed to his charge. All those who may feel disposed to patronize this school, may depend upon having every reasonable expectation satisfied. The branches taught are such as are comprised in a complete English education. Tuition from seven to nine dollars per session, and the following articles are found, without any extra charge, viz: quills, ink, slates, pencils, books for the junior classes, mathematical instruments, maps of the United States and of the world, together with the use of an elegant pair of globes. Early application will be necessary, as the number of scholars is limited. Genteel boarding can be had at the school-house, or within one quarter of a mile of the same, at from twenty to thirty dollars per session. The public are earnestly invited to pay this institution a visit, and satisfy themselves with the propriety of the system, and success of the school.

        Signed by order of the board,

        J. SMITH, Sec'ry.

        Mecklenburg County, N. C., Dec. 14, 1822.

        --Western Carolinian, December 24, 1822.


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SUGAR CREEK ACADEMY, 1827.

TO THE PUBLIC.

        The school at Sugar Creek Church, superintended by the Rev. Samuel C. Caldwell, deceased, will be continued by the subscriber. Young men wishing to study Geography or Astronomy, can enjoy the benefits of a set of Globes. Board can be had in the neighborhood for sixty or sixty-five dollars per annum, the student finding his own candles. Tuition, twenty dollars per anuum. The subscriber hopes to merit the liberal patronage of an enlightened public, by his punctuality and fidelity in the discharge of the duties of a preceptor. The patronage of the public will be kindly received and thankfully acknowledged by

        January 30, 1827.

        WALTER S. PHARR.

        --Catawba Journal, February 13, 1827.

MRS. CUSHMAN'S SCHOOL, 1828.

EDUCATION.

        THE subscribers, five miles south of Charlotte, having built a commodious house, have employed Mrs. Jane Cushman as Teacher. The situation is as healthy as any in Mecklenburg. Mrs. Cushman will teach Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, English Grammar, Geography, Drawing and Needle Work, or any part, as may be wished; or suit the student.

        Boarding may be had at either of the subscribers, or at Dr. Joseph W. Ross, (the farthest not more than three-quarters of a mile from the school,) at sixty dollars, including tuition, per year.

        WILLIAM P. SPRINGS.
ANDREW SPRINGS.

        --Catawba Journal, May 20, 1828.


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MILITARY SCHOOLS

DAVIE FAVORS MILITARY INSTRUCTION AT UNIVERSITY, 1795.

        During the last year military schools were taught in several counties of this state by two gentlemen from Virginia. The very liberal encouragement they met with * * * has, we hope, still retained the employment of their valuable services, and, we could wish, had also excited the enterprise of others. A Mr. Archibald Murphy, who had schools in Stokes and adjacent counties, received about 1,500 dollars a year for his services; and a Mr. Wren, who taught in Northampton, was very liberally compensated. These, we believe, were the only attempts ever made to establish military schools in this state. * * *

        General Davie, on the first establishment of the University, endeavored, unsuccessfully, to introduce military exercises among the students; and more lately, a gentleman, who, without any pretensions either to the General's talents or influence, yet emulous of tracing at a distance the footsteps of so great an example, also submitted a proposition to that effect to the Trustees. No order, we believe, was taken upon it by the Board, but as we have a copy of the letter containing the proposition we will publish it, in the hope that it may yet produce some effect, either on the minds of the Trustees of the University, or of some of our Academies, or the patrons and teachers of common Schools.

        To the Board of Trustees of the University of N. C.

        GENTLEMEN--I am informed that a highly respectable member of your Board some years ago proposed the introduction of military exercises among the students of the University, but that circumstances existed in the then infant state of the institution which prevented his proposition being acceded to.

        Salzmann, a German authour, in a celebrated treatise on Education, has recommended these exercises as of the highest importance to preserve the health of the studious, and to give energy to the faculties of the mind.

        In many of the northern Schools and Colleges they have been introduced with all the advantages that they had been taught by theorists to expect from them.

        The adoption of a measure of this kind in North Carolina, I think peculiarly desirable. The discipline of our militia requires a radical reform; and by laying the foundation of the future soldier in the accomplished scholar, we shall derive an important advantage in addition to those mentioned by Salzmann.

        If the Trustees should at this time think proper to require or recommend these exercises to be performed by the Students of the University,


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I will present to the Institution an elegant Stand of Colours, a Drum and Fife, and a model for such a Gun as will be suitable for the use of the students.

        In order to ensure the success of this design, if adopted, I will publish and give to each student, "A Manual of Military Discipline," which I have already composed for my own use. I will submit this Manual to the inspection of some military man of talents and experience for correction, and will then publish it, at my own expence, if the Trustees approve of my design, and by a resolution of their Board will authorize me to do so.

        However strong might have been my conviction of the utility of a measure of this kind, I should never have hazarded this expression of the sentiment if I had not been preceded by the example of the high authorities I have mentioned. They confirm what I had before learned from my own experience; and I have entire confidence that the same patriotism which has uniformly vindicated the rights of the University, and been assiduous in the promotion of useful science, will be extended to patronize this design, if the Trustees shall believe it will add to the value of the institution, or be productive of benefits to the state. * * *

        --Editorial, Raleigh Star, May 3, 1810.

MURPHEY'S MILITARY SCHOOLS.

MILITARY SCHOOLS.

        The Subscriber, having met with considerable encouragement in his line, intends teaching the Military Discipline at the following places during the ensuing summer, viz., at Hillsborough, Chapel Hill, Raleigh, Louisburg, Warrenton, Granville, Chatham, and Rockingham. He will commence at Chapel Hill, on Monday 18th inst. at Hillsborough, on the 17th of June, at Raleigh, the 20th of July, and at Louisburg, on the 23rd of July.--Arrangements have not yet been made at the other places mentioned. It is hoped that the Militia generally, and the young men in particular, will avail themselves of this opportunity of acquiring a correct knowledge of the modern and established system of Military Discipline in the United States.

        A. MURPHEY.

        May 15, 1812.

        --The Star, May 15, 1812.

LENOIR COUNTY MILITARY SCHOOL, 1813.

        Education.--A Society has been recently established in Lenoir county, of which Col. Simon Bruton is president, for the purpose of promoting military knowledge. It is understood that a school for youth will be established at Kinston, under the patronage of this Society, to embrace at the same time, literature and military tactics.

        A handsome building for an academy has just been completed at


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Smithfield, 26 miles to the eastward of this, and the business of tuition is expected to commence in a month or two.

        An academy is in progress at Tarborough.--We indulge the proud hope that the time is not far distant when every county in the State will have an Academy and Public Library.

        --Editorial, Raleigh Star, September 3, 1813.

BINGHAM'S MILITARY SCHOOL, 1826.

        New Military Academy.--We understand that a gentleman, at present in this city, has it in contemplation to establish a Military and Scientific Academy at Williamsborough, in this State, on the plan of that conducted by Capt. Partridge in Connecticut. We are informed that he has been an officer in the French Army for several years, and is, in every respect, well qualified for the undertaking; and that the Teachers who will be associated with him, will be of the first standing and talents.

        The want of such an institution in the Southern States must be apparent to all, when the difficulty of obtaining admission into the Academy at West Point, from the number of its Students being restricted, and the distance of that in Connecticut, are taken into consideration. We shall be able, in a short time, to lay the plan of the proposed School before the public, and therefore, deem it unnecessary to say anything further on the subject at present.

        --The Star, August 4, 1826.

        Military School.--We understand, that the gentleman who proposes the establishment of a Scientific and Military Academy in this State, has purchased a house and lot in Williamsborough, where it is to be located--the former large and commodious, situated on an eminence, the latter admirably adapted for a parade ground, being finely shaded with trees of native growth. We have seen an outline of the general plan of Institution, the operations of which are to commence on the first day of January ensuing. It appears, that the course of education at this Seminary, will be very comprehensive, embracing the following branches of Literature, Science and practical Instruction, viz. the Latin, Greek, French, Spanish and English Languages; Arithmetic, the instruction and use of Logarithms, Algebra, Geometry, Plane and Spherical Trigonometry, Planometry, Stereonometry, Mensuration of heights and distances by Trigonometry, also Geometrically, practical Geometry generally, including particularly, Surveying and Leveling, Astronomy, Navigation, Geography, including the use of Maps and Globes, Composition, Logic, History, Military Law, permanent and Field Fortifications, Artillery and Field Engineering generally, with a complete view of Military Tactics. The rules and regulations for the government of the School, will be on the plan of the West Point Seminary and of Capt. Partridge's Academy.

        --Raleigh Register, August 22, 1826.


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TO FARMERS AND WEAVERS.

        IT is desirable to find a person who may be willing to undertake to furnish the Southern Military School, at Williamsboro' in Granville Co. with all the Homespun Cloth necessary to make the undress Uniform of the Cadets of that Institution. The said cloth to be of a dark grey color, and corresponding in every respect with a pattern which will be left at the Register Office for the inspection of the applicant. It is necessary that application be made before the 15th of September next. A pattern is also left at the store of Messrs. Hamilton in Williamsboro'.

        Raleigh, August 22.

        --Raleigh Register, August 25, 1826.

PLAN AND COURSE OF STUDY OF BINGHAM'S SCHOOL.

ROANOKE INSTITUTION

For Practical Scientific Instruction.

        THE Course of Education at this Institution will embrace the following Departments:

        I. Classical.--This Department will include the Greek, Latin, French and Spanish Languages.

        II. The Mathematical will embrace Arithmetic, Algebra, Logarithems, Geometry, Trigonometry, Mensuration, Surveying, Conic Sections, Natural Philosophy, Astronomy and Navigation, and the Natural Sciences, as Botany, Mineralogy and Natural History.

        Particular attention will be paid at this Institution to Practical Education. Classes in Mathematics will be practically taught the application of Trignometry to Heights and Distances; Triangular Surveying; Levelling and Engineering; Gradation of Roads and Streets, the use of the Barometer, when applied to taking the altitude of mountains and other eminences. They will frequently be taken out to practice with the Compass and Chain, Theodolite and Levelling Rods, and accompanied by their instructors, will occasionally take excursions for the purpose of making observations in Botany and Mineralogy.

        III. English.--This Department will include English Grammar, Penmanship, Book-keeping, Public Reading and Declamation, Ancient and Modern Geography with the use of the Maps and Globes, Ancient and Modern History, Rhetoric, Composition, Criticism, Logic and Moral Philosophy, Construction of Maps with the principles of Projection.

        The rudiments of Education, as Reading, Spelling, Penmanship, &c. will be thoroughly taught, and the Junior Classes will in this respect, receive particular attention.

        Physical Education.--For the improvement of the health and the development of the Physical as well as mental energies of the cadets, they will be required to practice daily and regularly, Military Exercises.


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These having for their main object the preservation of health, will be pursued so far only as may be requisite for this purpose; in no instance will they be permitted to interfere with other pursuits--but will occupy those hours in the day, that would otherwise be devoted to useless and frivolous amusement.--They will consist of the Elementary schools of the Soldier, Company and Battalion Evolutions, Light Infantry and Rifle Drills--formation of regular Military Parades--Guard Duty--the duty of officers of the Guard and of the Day--the Broad Sword Exercise.

        Uniform Drill.--The dress worn at the Institution will consist of a dark blue Coatee, single breasted and standing collar. Blue cloth Vest and Pantaloons for winter, and white domestic cotton for summer, leather Caps with appropriate trimmings, black silk or leather Stocks. An undress will be worn in summer, consisting of a cotton striped Roundabout, single breasted and standing collar.

        As the coat cannot be made elsewhere than at the Institution, a more particular description of it is omitted. Each member of the Institution will want the following articles, viz: one single mattress either of hair or straw, pillow, two pillow cases, four sheets, two yards in length and one in breadth, one pair of blankets, two towels, four shirts, four pair of white cotton pantaloons, four white vests for summer and one blue cloth for winter single breasted, six pair of cotton and four pair of woolen socks, draws and waistcoats if worn, two pair of thin and one pair of thick shoes, at least two pocket handkerchiefs, tooth brush, penknife, quills, wafers, &c. Parents can furnish their sons with such articles of clothing of the above description as they may have, if they prefer it: or they may be supplied at the Institution on the most reasonable terms. The above quantity of clothing is deemed sufficient to answer a cadet one year--should he leave the Institution at the expiration of that time, such articles as the cap, bed and bedding, if furnished at the Institution and well taken care of, will be received back at a fair price. Each cadet must have his name marked in full, on every article of his clothing.

        Qualification, Admission, &c.--No candidate will be admitted into this Institution, who is under ten years of age, who cannot read and spell, and who is not of good moral character. It is deemed advisable to admit none for a less term than one year, as the expense for a less period would be proportionably greater, and the advantages to be derived proportionably less.

        Expenses.--The cadets will be divided into two Departments. Those under fourteen years of age will constitute the Junior, and those over, the Senior. The whole expense per Academic year, will be for the Junior $160, and for the Senior $175, payable $100 on admission and the remainder at the expiration of six months. This expense will include every charge for Board, Tuition, Fuel, Lights, Washing, Public Lectures, use of Arms and Accoutrements, Room Rent, and in short


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every expense except Clothing and Books. The academic year will consist of 46 weeks, and will be divided into two sessions.

        Board.--The cadets will board in the same family with their instructors, some one or more of whom will be at all times in company with them, paternally to direct them both in their studies and amusements, and to assist in forming a courteous, moral and gentlemanly deportment. Instructors and instructed shall mingle together as members of the same family, and pursue towards each other, that familiar and respectful course, calculated to inspire the pupil with a manly confidence and zeal, and the instructor with emotions of pleasure.

        Examinations.--There will be two public Examinations in each year. The first to commence on the Monday nearest the 10th of December and the second on the first Monday in June, to continue each, one week. There will be private examinations of the Classes every Saturday, on the studies of the preceding week.

        Vacations.--There will be two vacations, the first immediately after the December examination, and will continue until the second Monday in January; the next at the close of the June examination, and will continue two weeks. No leave of absence will be granted in term time, except in cases of urgent necesity.

CATALOGUE OF BOOKS.

        Latin.--Adams' Latin Grammar, (Gould's Edition,) Historiæ Sacræ, Virii Romæ, Cæsar's Commentaries, Sallust, Virgil, Cicero's Select Orations, De Oratore, De Amicitia, De Senectute, Livy, Tacitus, five first books of each, Ainsworth's Dictionary.

        Greek.--Goodrich's Greek Grammar, Jacob's Greek Reader, Neilson's Exercises, Valpy's Delectus, Græca Majora, Xenophon's Anabasis, Homer's Iliad, six first books.

        Mathematics, &c.--Tyler's Arithmetic, Hutton's Mathematics, Bowditch's Navigation, Simpson's Conic Sections, Enfield's Natural Philosophy, Sganzin's Civil Engineering, Woodbridge and Williard's Geography, (last edition) Tytler's Elements of History, Hale's History of the United States, Murray's Grammar and Exercises, Blair's Rhetorick, Hedge's Logic, Paley's Moral Philosophy, Constitution of the United States and States severally.

        Those intending to join the Institution are advised to bring any of the above mentioned books they may have in their possession, any Mathematical Instruments or Works, also any Historical or Literary Works.

        Supplies.--Arrangements will be made at the Institution to supply the cadets with the necessary Books, Stationary and Clothing, if it is preferred, at cost, provided payment is made down; if not, and a credit of four months is given, an advance of ten per cent. will be charged on the original cost, which will be the longest indulgence. Every cadet will be required to have a pass book, in which will be registered every


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article of clothing, books, &c. that may be necessary for his comfort or improvement. The object being more to accommodate the cadets than to make a profit out of them.

        THE ROANOKE INSTITUTION is located at Littleton, Warren County, State of North Carolina, in a delightful and healthy part of the country; it is situated between Warrenton and Halifax, sixteen miles from the former and twenty-one miles from the latter, surrounded by a beautiful country and in the neighborhood of a refined and polished society. Isolated as this Institution is, no opportunity will be afforded to the pupils to contract habits of vice and dissipation; the temptations held out by our towns and villages will here be removed and their contaminating influence avoided. Every attention will be paid to the health, manners, morals and improvements of the cadets; and it is believed that under the discipline that will be pursued in the Institution, aided by the superior natural advantages of its situation, youths may be trained up to habits of temperance, perseverance, industry and morality without the danger of corruption. The object of this Institution will be to give a youth a good practical scientific education, to prepare him for the correct and efficient discharge of the duties of any situation in life, in which fortune or inclination may place him; to rear up a sound mind in a sound body; to qualify him to enter the world with a head to conceive and an arm to execute, to teach him habits of perseverance, industry and economy, and to cherish those manly, noble and independent sentiments which should form the character of a good citizen. Youths may here be prepared for admission into any of our Colleges or Universities, either one or two years in advance; for admission to the Military Academy at West Point or the Navy; or they will be carefully instructed in the various branches necessary to a finished education. The Institution will be under the general direction of Capt. Partridge, and under the immediate superintendence and control of Mr. D. H. Bingham, who will be assisted by the requisite number of well qualified instructors, to whom applications for admission into the Institution, or for further information can be made.

        Parents will please to signify to what branches they wish their sons to attend, upon entering them. The Institution is now in operation, and students will be admitted at any time.

        Littleton, N. C., June 8th, 1829.

        Mr. B. has been favored with the following testimonial by his friends in Maryland.

        FREDERICK CITY, MD., April 28, 1829.

        Mr. D. H. Bingham being about to remove to North-Carolina for the purpose of engaging in a Classical and Military Institution, to be under the general direction of Capt. Partridge, the undersigned take pleasure in offering him a testimonial, to which his character and gentlemanly deportment fully entitle him. Mr. Bingham has resided some years in this city, and has been engaged in a Seminary similar in its


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character to that contemplated in North Carolina. We have thus had an opportunity to judge of his qualifications; but on that point we deem it unnecessary for us to offer any recommendation in aid of the circumstance, that he has been selected for the station by so distinguished a professor as Capt. Partridge, from amongst his very numerous and well informed pupils. We may observe however that he has distinguished himself here by a degree of diligence, perseverance and regularity, calculated to insure him, anywhere that success which we hope will reward his present undertaking.

        Signed, HON. JNO. NELSON,
HON. HENRY B. WARFIELD,
HON. THOS. C. WORTHINGTON,
DR. W. BRADLEY TYLER,
BENJ. PRICE, ESQ.
JAS. M. PALMER, ESQ.
SINGLETON DUVALL, ESQ.
STUART GAITHER, ESQ.

        --Raleigh Register, June 29, 1829.

BINGHAM MOVES HIS SCHOOL TO OXFORD, 1829.

Roanoke Literary and Scientific Institution.

        THE location of this Institution has been changed from Littleton to Oxford, N. C. In announcing this change to the public, some remarks in relation to the causes which induced it, may be necessary. The object is to establish in the State of North-Carolina, the institution upon a premanent basis. At Littleton, although it possesses the advantages of health and retirement in a eminent degree, it was found, that the conveniences and opportunities for carrying it on, would be incommensurate with the object in view, particularly since the death of the late proprietor of that place. In selecting a new location, regard has been paid to public opinion; and so far as it could be ascertained, the feeling of the public has centered upon Oxford as the most suitable location in the State.

        Oxford has long been known as a place of flourishing and well conducted schools. For its health, its moral and refined society, it stands pre-eminent. The site selected for the Institution is pleasant and retired, the buildings and grounds are spacious; and such measures will be adopted in the government of the institution as will prevent the students from any unseasonable communication with the village. The plan heretofore laid before the public will still be pursued.

        In further information in relation to the institution, may be had on application to the subscriber.

        Sept. 30, 1829.

        D. H. BINGHAM, Supt.

        --Raleigh Register, October 15, 1829.


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TEACHERS IN BINGHAM'S SCHOOL, 1830.

        North Carolina Literary, Scientific and Military Institution.--The exercises of this institution commenced at Oxford on Monday last, under the superintendence and control of Capt. D. H. Bingham. The following is the division of the departments of instruction: Mathematics and Natural Philosophy--D. H. Bingham. 2. Practical Mathematics and Civil Engineering--J. H. Tracy. 3. Latin and Greek Languages, Literature and Belles Lettres--Wm. J. Nevins, A.B. 4. Ancient and Modern Geography, English and Belles Lettres--J. H. Tracy. 5. Modern European Languages, and Literature----* 6. Natural Sciences--Chemistry, Botany, Mineralogy and Geology----.* 7. Orthography, Reading, Penmanship, English Grammar, Elements of Geography, &c. &c. &c.----.* 8. Military Science, Tactics and Physical Exercises--D. H. Bingham and J. H. Tracy.

        *These departments will soon be filled--until then, the present instructors will officiate in them.

        We are authorized to state that Capt. Partridge does not intend to establish a Military School in Fayetteville.

        --Star, January, 1830.

BRANCH SCHOOL AT FAYETTEVILLE.

        We stated a week or two ago, on the authority of a gentleman connected with Capt. Partridge in conducting his Military and Scientific institutions, that Capt. P. had no intention of establishing a Military School at Fayetteville. Since that time we have noticed in the North Carolina Journal, published at Fayetteville, the following article; from which it appears that there must exist some misunderstanding on the subject, between Capt. P. and the gentleman to whom we allude. It is probable that the Captain formed his design to establish a school at Fayetteville when he passed through that place on his recent tour to the south, and has not yet communicated such intention to this gentleman; which may account for the contradictory statements:

        "We are authorized to say that Capt. Partridge intends establishing a branch of his Military and Scientific Academy in this place about the 1st of April next. The commissioners of the town have granted him the use of the Academy buildings for that purpose."


        --The Star, January 21, 1830.

EXAMINATION AT BINGHAM'S SCHOOL, JUNE, 1830.

N. C. L. S. & MILITARY INSTITUTION.

        The semi-annual examination of the Cadets attached to the above Institution will commence on Monday the 7th of June next, and continue


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till the Friday following. The friends of the institution, and of education generally, are respectfully invited to attend.

        Oxford, N. C., May 15, 1830.

        D. H. BINGHAM, Supt.

        --The Star, May 20, 1830.

        Oxford Military Academy.--The following gentlemen have been invited to constitute the board of visitors at the examination of the cadets of this institution, which will commence on Monday next: Hon. Duncan Cameron, Hon. John Hall, Hon. Leonard Henderson, Rev. Thomas P. Hunt, Col. William Robards, Gen. Joseph H. Bryan, Col. Thomas Turner, Col. William Hunt, Col. Cadwallader Jones, Maj. John R. Eaton, Dr. J. Jones, Dr. William V. Taylor, Dr. James Young, Col. E. A. Rhodes, James S. Jones, Esq., Thomas Burgess, Esq., James Somerville, Esq., John D. Hawkins, Esq., William M. Sneed, Esq., John D. Amis, Esq., Robert G. Gilliam, Esq., T. B. Ransom, Esq.

        --The Star, June 3, 1830.

        We are informed by a gentleman who was present at the recent examination of the Cadets attached to the Military Institution at Oxford, under the superintendance of D. H. Bingham, that they acquitted themselves with great credit in their literary exercises. Our informant adds, that their appearance is neat and soldier-like, and that their evolutions exhibit a degree of precision which would do honor to any Corps. The number of Cadets, at present, is thirty-seven.

        --Raleigh Register, June 17, 1830.

NORTH CAROLINA LITERARY, SCIENTIFIC AND MILITARY
INSTITUTION.

Visitors' Report.

        The undersigned, being that part of the Committee of Visitors, whose convenience enabled them to attend the recent Examination of the Cadets in the North Carolina Literary, Scientific and Military Institution, think it due to Captain Bingham, the Superintendent, and to the public, to make the following Report:

        The examination commenced on Monday the 7th of June, and continued from day to day, until the Friday following; during which time the Cadets underwent an accurate and thorough examination in the English, French, Latin & Greek languages, and in the various branches of the Mathematics. In all these studies, they manifested a proficiency and readiness, to be acquired only by constant application, under the most judicious instruction, and acquitted themselves in a manner that reflected great credit, both on Pupils and Instructors. Notwithstanding the difficulties incident to the commencement of every Institution they have attained a method and system in their operations, seldom observed in older Establishments. The evening and morning of each day were devoted to Military Exercises, consisting of the Elementary


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School of the Soldier, Company and Battalion Evolutions, in which they moved with a degree of exactness and regularity, seldom to be seen among the most accomplished and well drilled soldiers. These exercises are well calculated to promote health and strength, and occupy only such hours of the day as are generally devoted to useless and frivolous amusements. Their happy effect upon the appearance of the young men is very perceptible.

        The Committee noticed with great pleasure the general demeanor of the Cadets, as marked by a rigid observance of order and regularity, almost without a parallel in Academical institutions. A portion of the Board residing in the immediate vicinity, have had ample opportunity of witnessing their deportment during the session in private times, and in the absence of any unusual incentive to propriety of behavior, and they have never heard of the smallest interruption of harmony amongst the students themselves, nor in their intercourse with the citizens of the village. No kind of dissipation has been known to exist among them, nor have they been seen frequenting, or even visiting places, where dissipation or any other species of immorality is practiced. These are facts that speak for themselves and need no comment.

        The location of the North Carolina Literary, Scientific and Military Institution in this place, the first of the kind established in the State, is an experiment in which all classes of Society are deeply interested. The Committee have taken much pains to make themselves acquainted with the plan of instruction pursued here, and to ascertain the success which has attended its incipiant operations,--The result of their observations and inquiries, has been such as to satisfy them that the great ends of Education--the developing and invigorating the mental and bodily faculties, and preparing youth for future usefulness, are here judiciously and industriously pursued.

        They, therefore, take pleasure in recommendinng it to the patronage of the public.

        WM. ROBARDS,
JOS. H. BRYAN,
WM. V. TAYLOR,
WM. M. SNEED,
JAS. YOUNG,
RO. B. GILLIAM,
Committee of Visitation.

        Oxford, June 19, 1830.

        --The Star, July 1, 1830.

EXAMINATION AT BINGHAM'S SCHOOL, NOVEMBER, 1830.

THE EXAMINATION

        Of the Cadets attached to the North Carolina Literary, Scientific and Military Institution, will commence on Monday the 15th of November next, and continue from day to day till the Friday following. Literary


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and Scientific gentlemen and the friends of Education generally, are respectfully invited to attend.

        The next Term will commence on the 2d Monday in January.

        October 23.

        D. H. BINGHAM, Supt.

        --The Star, November 4, 1830.

NORTH CAROLINA SCIENTIFIC AND MILITARY SCHOOLS.

        There have been in successful operation for the past year, in this State, two institutions of the above description--one at Oxford, under the superintendence of Capt. Bingham, the other at Fayetteville, at the head of which is Capt. Ransom. * * *

        --Raleigh Register, December 2, 1830.

OXFORD AND FAYETTEVILLE CADETS VISIT RALEIGH.

        Fayetteville and Oxford Literary, Scientific and Military Academy.--On Thursday morning last Capt. Bingham, Principal of the L. S. & M. Academy at Oxford, with about twenty of his Cadets, (who had arrived on the preceding evening,) marched about three miles upon the southern road, when he was met by Capt. Ransom, Principal of the Institution at Fayetteville, with about forty of the Cadets attached to his Academy. Both parties then took up the line of march for this city, where they arrived about 2 o'clock, and pitched their tents. In the evening they were accommodated with quarters by our citizens, and their situation, during their sojourn among us, was rendered as comfortable as circumstances would permit during a session of the Legislature, when our houses are necessarily crowded, and the attention of the inhabitants much devoted to their respective vocations.

        The appearance of these young soldiers was quite military, and the regularity of their movements and the precision with which they executed their various evolutions would not have dishonoured regular troops. The display which they made afforded much satisfaction to the members of the Legislature and our citizens generally. All seemed astonished that such perfection in the Tactics could be attained in so short a period, and all appeared willing to award to their skillful officers the credit which they justly merit.--It is no more than justice to state, also, that the orderly and correct deportment of our visitors was such as to meet universal approbation.

        On Friday, the Cadets marched to the Governor's House, where they passed in review before the Governor, and partook of refreshments.

        On Monday, those attached to Capt. Ransom's Academy left the city on their return to Fayetteville. They were escorted by the City Guards to Walnut creek, distant two miles from the city, where Capt. R. made a neat and appropriate address to the Guards, in which he returned his thanks to them for their attention, and, thro' them, tendered his acknowledgements to the citizens of Raleigh for their politeness and


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hospitality towards himself and Cadets. The two corps then, after an exchange of the usual military honors, took an affectionate farewell of each other, and separated with three hearty cheers.

        It being the time of vacation at the Oxford Academy, the Cadets of that institution left us on Saturday for their respective homes.

        --The Star, December 2, 1830.

        For the Star.

A CARD.

        The Cadets of the Institutions of Fayetteville and Oxford tender their cordial thanks to the citizens of Raleigh, to the Governor and members of the General Assembly, individually, for the very flattering and generous attentions shown them during their recent visit to the capital of the State. Those, whose hospitality was so frankly offered, and so freely shared, are entitled to the richest tribute of grateful feeling. To those persons, also, whose doors were opened, and whose tables were spread, for their accommodation, on the excursion and return, the cadets take this method of expressing their grateful acknowledgments. As a body, they will ever hold those demonstrations of respect in honorable remembrance--as individuals, they will treasure them up amongst the most choice and cherished memories of the heart.

        In behalf of the Cadets.

        S. R. BLAKE,
W. H. WASHINGTON,
J. G. SLOCUMB,
J. MURCHISON,
Committee of the Fayetteville Cadets.

        R. HAYWOOD,
J. E. RIDLEY,
Committee of the Oxford Cadets.

        Fayetteville, Dec. 8, 1830.

        --The Star, December 16, 1830.

ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1831.

NORTH CAROLINA LITERARY AND MILITARY INSTITUTION.

        Capt. BINGHAM respectfully informs the citizens of North Carolina, that the duties of the above institution will be resumed on Monday, the 10th of January next. The course of education at this institution, it is believed, is so well understood, that a particular exposition at this time is unnecessary. The experience and observations of the past year have suggested some improvements in the discipline of the institution, that will receive immediate attention upon its re-opening. In relation to the expenses of young gentlemen, I would observe that hereafter they must be under my immediate supervision; and that no


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will be permitted to purchase any article or contract any accounts without permission. All accounts must be kept in my name, for which I will be responsible; and parents and guardians are particularly requested not to pay any account that is not approved and endorsed by me. All necessary expenses will be approved; those that are not, will receive no countenance. The amount of pocket money which students require, will necessarily be very little.

        The Cadets will board in commons, and will be under the immediate supervision of the Superintendent and officers of the institution, who will bestow upon them every necessary care.

        And further information can be had on application to the Superintendent.

        Terms.--For those over 14 years of age, $175 per annum. Those under 14, $160 per annum. No extra charges except for clothing and books.

        Oxford, N. Carolina, Dec. 22, 1830.

        The Halifax Advocate, Newbern Spectator and Western Carolinian, will insert the above three times, and forward their accounts to Capt. B.

        --The Star, December 23, 1830.

REDUCED COST OF TUITION AND BOARD, 1831.

A CARD.
NORTH-CAROLINA LITERARY, SCIENTIFIC, AND MILITARY INSTITUTION.

        The public attention is requested to the following exposition in relation to the Institution in this place, under my direction. When the duties of the school were commenced, an estimate of the expenses necessary to carry on the establishment, was made, and it was concluded that in order to idemnify ourselves (as we had no other resources to call to our aid but the proceeds of students) to put the expenses at $160 and $175.--These terms included all charges, except clothing and books, incident to the student, for the year. But it is ascertained that only two items in this account are considered, to-wit: Board and Tuition. No allowance is made for the use of rooms, the expense of fuel, lights, washing and mending, the use of arms and accoutrements, the expense of music and various other expenses not incidental to other schools. It was preferred to put the terms in the aggregate, rather than to charge for the several items which made up these amounts, knowing, as we did, the great aversion of the public to a long list of extras in the expenses of youths when at school, while the nominal charges were apparently low.

        The experience of the past year, together with the impression of the public that our terms are now too high, induces us to put the terms


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down to $150. This charge will include all expenses incidental to the academic course, except clothing, books and bed.

        When it is understood that our buildings have and will cost us at least $5,000, that we employ an Instructor at a salary higher than that of most of the principals of the county academies in the State, for every twenty students, that the expense for mathematical and other instruments will be 4 or $500, this charge cannot be considered too high.

        In relation to the expense of students for clothing and books, I am not able to say anything definitely. The expense of clothing will depend in a great measure upon the indulgence of parents and guardians; but that for books should not exceed $15, for those in the higher departments of study, and the necessary clothing for a year should not exceed $30. In relation to pocket money, students will require but very little. So sure as they have it, just so sure will the most of them spend it; and it will be better, as their wants will all be supplied, that they have but little. Those young gentlemen who made the best progress in their studies the last year, and there were several who completed a full course of Hutton's Mathematics, from the beginning regularly through to Conic Sections, including Gibson's Surveying, combining these with a very large amount of practice--who read the whole of Virgil and Sallust, a portion of Greek, and were enabled to read and translate the French with fluency, besides attending to Geography and the incidental duties of the school, such as Declamation and Composition--I know did not spend $10, while others, who were furnished with the sums of $75, $100 and upwards, made but little progress, and indulged in extravagances which do not belong to the school.

        These instances have not exceeded half a dozen, and would not be here mentioned, had I not been informed, that censure was cast upon me for tolerating these expenditures, when the fact is, that I was never aware until the close of the last year, of the amount of pocket money that had been furnished.

        I have only to say in addition, that I will attend to the accounts of the students who are placed under my care once a month; they shall be inspected, and if contracted, agreeable to the regulations of the Institution, it will be approved and transmitted to parents and guardians, who may be assured that I will approve or countenance no amount that is unnecessary or extravagant. Under this regulation parents and guardians will have the opportunity of knowing the monthly expenses of their sons and wards. I have to request that no student shall be furnished with more than 10 dollars pocket money for the year.

        Every student will be supplied with everything necessary to his health, comfort and progress--more than this he will not want.

        Oxford, Jan. 13, 1831.

        D. H. BINGHAM.

        --The Star, January 20, 1831.


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CRITICISM OF BINGHAM'S SCHOOL BY GASCA.

        For the Star.


Military, Literary and Scientific Institution.


                         All that glitters is not gold--
                         Often have you heard that told.--Shakespeare.

        The people of North Carolina, at least those who are friendly to the interests of education and a judicious instruction of the youth of the State, must lament the establishment of the above mentioned schools among us. These institutions seem intended to give our young men a complete and classical education, and to dispense with the necessity of a regular course at the University. Every person acquainted with their character, must perceive that they are entirely unfit for these purposes, and are inadequate for the accomplishment of the objects they profess to have in view. It is perfectly idle to expect that they can confer the advantages of a polished education, or that superior scholars will be turned out from their walls. The writer of these fugitive remarks is uninfluenced by personal prejudices or private animosities. His heart is devoid of any feeling of hostility towards the gentlemen concerned in the management of these institutions. He would scorn himself were he capable of groundlessly and wantonly inflicting a wound on the sensibilities of any one; but his regard to the interests of his native State, is greater than his regard for them; and that public spirit which he believes he cherishes in his bosom, induce him to endeavor to undeceive the public mind in relation to these seminaries. Parents may thereby be prevented from mis-spending their money, and young men from mis-employing their time and forfeiting the inestimable advantages of a good education. The school at Oxford has been more under the immediate observation of the author. To that, therefore, his strictures, shall be principally directed. Is there one single requisite, that a good seminary for the instruction of youth ought to have, which this institution possesses? Has it funds or capital of any description? Has it spacious buildings for the accommodation of the Cadets? Has it numerous and well selected books, unfolding their treasures to the youthful aspirant after knowledge, or instruments for teaching philosophy and the sciences? Is it placed under the superintendence of men distinguished for their scholarship and Literary and Scientific attainments--men of mature age, advanced experience, and well qualified for the instruction and management of youth? Let those who are disposed to recommend this school to the patronage of North Carolina, answer these questions. Let its warmest admirers point out the advantages it holds forth, and say in what its merits consist! What earthly pretense has it to the support and patronage of the public. The Oxford Academy is unquestionably destitute of all those opportunities and advantages indispensable to afford a good education. As regards resources, it is not worth one single cent


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beyond the proceeds of the Cadets. It has no libraries, scarcely any apparatus and not sufficient buildings for the comfortable accommodation of a large number of persons. The connection of Captain Partridge (their Magnus Appollo) with this school is merely nominal. He perhaps makes a flying visit to Oxford once a year, and the Cadets are scarcely warmed by a solitary ray from this sun of science. The institution is under the immediate and personal supervision of four other individuals. One of these is a gentleman of middle age; the others somewhat younger. From their immature age, they cannot attract a great degree of reverence from their pupils, and from their inexperience, cannot be profoundly conversant with those branches of science which it is their object to teach. It is an undeniable truth that a teacher needs as thorough a preparation for his practice, as a mechanic for his trade, or a divine, lawyer or physician for their respective professions. Young men, mere novices, are unfit to fill the higher chairs in any seminary that pretends to confer the advantages of an accomplished education. The relation of tutor and pupil is one of the most important in life, certainly, next to that of parent and child. Of the utmost consequence, then, it must be, that those, whose object it is to open the buds and develope the rising capacities and powers of the youthful intellect, and more especially to form the youthful character, should be qualified for the delicate task they undertake. The earliest impressions are apt to be lasting. The heads of an institution should be men venerated for their age, their virtue, their knowledge and attainments. They should be calculated to inspire reverence and respect in the minds of their pupils, and be looked to as bright exemplars for their imitation. They should have some superiority of understanding and dignity of deportment. Without these qualifications on the part of its principal conductors, it is idle to expect much from any literary institution. Its alumni will neither be men of merit nor superior scholarship. Do the gentlemen who have charge of the Academy at Oxford possess these desirable qualities, which we have endeavored succinctly to describe? Most of them they certainly do not! Let any candid and discerning man say if he thinks it possible that these men, with the few facilities they possess, are prepared to give to the youths of the State such an education as they ought to have, and such a one as is indispensable to their future usefulness. Is this seminary fit for the nursery of the youthful genius of the State? and must North Carolina look here for the germs of her public councils and private circles? Must her posts of distinction, responsibility and trust be filled from the walls of this institution? and shall she look here for those whose intelligence and virtues may grace the walks of private life, and who may be the greatest blessings and brightest ornaments of society? Is she to expect from this place good scholars--men thoroughly acquainted with Science and Literature--men of information, who may diffuse around them the mild radiance of their virtues and usefulness, and be her ornament, her pride and support? Sorry would be the writer of


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these remarks, if the sons of Carolina, who ought to be her jewels, are to be prepared and receive their only education at the Oxford school! Were this the case, he would hang down his head in sorrow over the fate of North Carolina. She would then truly be the land where "genius sickens, and where fancy dies."

        Most of our observations are applicable to the institution at Fayetteville. That school is also entirely unfit for the education of youth, and equally destitute of every desirable facility and advantage.

        In conclusion, the author most decidedly disavows any malicious or unworthy motive in publishing the foregoing reflections. The individuals to whom allusion has been made in a manner as respectful as the nature of the subject would allow, are, perhaps, amiable and deserving men. He has not made, nor intended any allusion to them only in the capacity of perceptors of youth. If they should complain that they or their institution is made the subject of strictures in the columns of a newspaper, the writer has only to tell them that when they solicit the people's encouragement and even ask of the Legislature funds from the Treasury of the State, to be applied to the support of their school, its merits ought to be strictly examined and thoroughly made known.

        Surely the people of North Carolina ought to know whether any part of the public revenue, the fruit of their labor and toils, the source to which they have fondly looked as the means of elevating the character of the State, developing its resources and improving the intellects and morals of its citizens by a system of free schools, ought to be diverted from its legitimate objects to such purposes as these.

        Jan. 8, 1831.

        GASCA.

        --The Star, February 17, 1831.

BINGHAM MOVES HIS SCHOOL TO RALEIGH, 1831.

A CARD.

        The duties of the Institution, which has been under my direction at Oxford for the last eighteen months, will be resumed in the City of Raleigh on Monday the 20th instant, at the residence of the late Chief-Justice Taylor. This change of location is made with a view to the permanent establishment of the School in this place.

        Every attention will be paid to the advancement of the Pupils placed under my care, and the arrangement of duties will be such as to afford very nearly the same advantages to the Student that the School at Oxford afforded last year.

        The Session will be continued until the 13th of December, for which, such charges will be made as will be perfectly satisfactory to those who may extend their patronage. Those who may wish to place their sons or wards at the School, are respectfully invited to do so.

        June 6, 1831.

        D. H. BINGHAM.

        --Raleigh Register, Thursday, June 9, 1831.


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FURTHER ANNOUNCEMENTS.

NOTICE.

        The duties of the Institution under my direction, commenced on the 27th instant. The present term will continue till the 15th December. The Charge for tuition will be $15, and an extra charge of $2 for House rent and other contingencies. Students will be instructed in the Languages and Mathematics, combining with the latter, a thorough course of practice. The usual Branches of an English Education will be also taught.

        Further notice of the mode of Instruction and of the advantages of the system of Education, will hereafter be given. Any who may wish to avail themselves of the opportunity of placing their sons or wards at the School, are respectfully invited to do so.

        Board can be had in private families for $7 per month exclusive of washing.

        D. H. BINGHAM.

        Raleigh June 29.

        --Raleigh Register, Thursday, June 30th, 1831.

EXAMINATION AT BINGHAM'S SCHOOL, DECEMBER, 1831.

NOTICE.

        The examination of the young gentlemen attached to my school, which commences on Monday next, will be held in the Session-House adjacent to the Presbyterian Church, and will be continued from day to day till the Friday following. Parents and others, interested in the education of youth, are respectfully invited to attend.

        D. H. BINGHAM.

        --The Star, December 9, 1831.

BINGHAM'S ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1832.

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTION.

        The duties of this institution will be resumed on the 1st Monday in January next. The course of education will be the same as heretofore pursued in the school, and every attention will be paid to the health, manners, morals and improvement of the students. The subject of practical instruction will receive particular attention; and those young gentlemen whose advancement in their studies will admit of it, will be regularly exercised in the mensuration of heights and distances; trigonometrical and tuiler surveying and levelling; and made familiar with the use of the various instruments used for these purposes. Young gentlemen may here be prepared for admission to college, either one or two years in advance; and it is believed, would derive peculiar advantage from the thorough course of mathematical and practical instruction pursued in


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the school. The term or session will continue till the 15th December, and the expense for tuition (for eleven and a half months), will be $40. This will include the charge for tuition and room rent. Board may be had on reasonable terms.

        D. H. BINGHAM.

        Raleigh, Dec. 21, 1831.

        --The Star, December 23, 1831.

BINGHAM MOVES TO ALABAMA, 1833.

        We learn that Capt. D. H. Bingham, of this city, has been appointed Engineer on the Dale Town, Woodville and Greensborough Rail Road, in Alabama, and has entered on the duties of his office.

        --The Star, Raleigh, November 1, 1833.

CARTER JONES' MILITARY SCHOOLS, 1833.

MILITARY SCHOOL AT RALEIGH.

        Col. Carter Jones, having already received a sufficient number of Subscribers to authorize a beginning, will commence a SCHOOL, in the City of Raleigh, on the first and second day of May next, for the purpose of instructing those who may feel disposed to attend, in the Infantry and Light Infantry Tactics, together with the Broad Sword Exercises and Cavalry movements to Troopers. The School will continue throughout the year, and will be visited by Col. Jones once in every eight weeks, with a very superior Band of Music, when he will devote two days to the Exercises of the School.

        Militia Officers and others who feel an interest in the subject, will please attend at Raleigh on the days above specified, when they will have an opportunity of judging more satisfactorily of the character of the School. In the mean time, those who are desirous of patronizing the undertaking, can leave their names at the Star or Register Office.

        March 11, 1833.

        --The Register, Raleigh, N. C., March 12, 1833.

        THE MILITARY SCHOOL recently instituted in this City by the Subscriber, has undergone some modification, which he thinks it proper to make known. Instead of meeting two days for drill, in every eight weeks, as proposed, attendance will hereafter be given by him only on one day, and the price of instruction reduced in proportion. The School, though now large, is still open for the entrance of members. The next drill will take place in Raleigh, on Thursday the 27th of June, to commence at 10 o'clock A. M.

        CARTER JONES.

        May 6, 1833.

        Col. Jones will attend at Rolesville, on Wednesday the 26th of June, in order to organize a School there.

        --The Register, Raleigh, N. C., May 7, 1833.


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JONES' MILITARY SCHOOL AT WILMINGTON, 1836.

        The subscriber intends opening in this place on Monday the 21st. a Military School, in which will be taught, Infantry and Light Infantry, Tactics, according to the plan laid down in "Scott's discipline", viz--The School of the Soldier. The School of the Company--The School of the Battalion. Posts and duty of Officers, &c. together with the Broad Sword Exercise for Troopers. The School will be opened for two days in every fourth week, for four times.

        Terms--Five Dollars, to be paid one half at the conclusion of each four day's drill. The undersigned furnishing music at his own expense.

        Persons wishing to become proficient in Military Science will please call on Col. L. H. Marsteller, and enroll their names as members of the school.

        Each day's drill will occupy from 4 to 5 hours, 2 hours in the forenoon, and from 2 to 3 in the afternoon.

        CARTER JONES.

        Wilmington, March 4, 1836.

        --Wilmington Advertiser, March 11, 1836.


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NASH COUNTY SCHOOLS

WESTRAYVILLE ACADEMY, 1809.

AN ENGLISH AND LATIN SCHOOL

        Will commence at Westraysville, in Nash county, the first day of January next, under the superintendance of Mr. John Bobbitt, who will teach the English Language in all its various branches, with the Latin, Greek and French. The Subscriber has erected a large two-story house for that purpose on the road leading from Tarborough to Louisburg, five miles from Nash Court House. * * *

        Nov. 14, 1809.

        --Raleigh Star, November 23, 1809.

        SAMUEL WESTRAY.

EDITORIAL NOTICE, 1810.

WESTRAYVILLE ACADEMY

        In Nash County, under the direction of Mr. John Bobbitt. Of the merits of this Institution we know nothing. No small recommendation of its Teacher is that he is a graduate of the University of North Carolina: We cannot therefore doubt his fitness for his vocation. Mr. S. Westray and Dr. T. Jones are patrons of the Institution, and they are Gentlemen in whom the public will willingly confide.

        --Raleigh Star, March 15, 1810.

WESTRAYVILLE ACADEMY, 1811.

        The exercises of the Westrayville Academy will again commence on the first day of January next, under the direction of Mr. John B. Bobbett, who taught at the same place last year. The Latin, Greek, French and English Languages will be correctly taught. Board may be had for sixty dollars, (perhaps less) tuition the same as last year.

        Nash County, Dec. 1, 1810.

        --The Star, Raleigh, January 3, 1811.

        SAMUEL WESTRAY.

WESTRAYVILLE ACADEMY EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1811.

        The Examination of the Students of the Westrayville Academy was closed on Wednesday, the 18th inst. The Subscribers have great pleasure in announcing to the persons concerned in this Institution, that in the English, French, Latin and Greek Languages, the Students, generally, passed a very satisfactory Examination, and discovered great progress and proficiency in all their Studies. Indeed, when we take into consideration the infancy of this Seminary, and that most of the Students


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began their classical pursuits under the direction of Mr. Bobbitt (the present Teacher) we cannot too much applaud their application and his attention and assiduity.

        ALEX'R FALCONER,
JAMES W. CLARK,
GEORGE BODDIE,
ROB'T C. HILLIARD.

        On Wednesday the 19th inst. the Students delivered select Speeches, Orations and Dialogues to a crowded and respectable audience: after which Mr. James W. Clark, in behalf of the Trustees, addressed the Students in a very handsome and appropriate manner.

        The exercises of the Academy will commence again on Monday the 8th of July.

        A. GRIFFIN, Sec'y.

        June 19, 1811.

        --Raleigh Register, June 28, 1811.

HILLIARDSTON ACADEMY, 1820.

        THE examination of this institution will commence Thursday the 8th June next. On Friday the 9th will be an exhibition--Parents and guardians are requested to attend. The second session will commence on Monday, the 26th June.

        WM. BURT, Sec'y.

        May 20, 1820.

        --The Star, May 26, 1820.

HILLIARDSTON EXAMINATIONS, 1820.

HILLIARDSTON ACADEMY.

        THE Trustees of this Academy, who attended the late semi-annual examination, feel it their duty to declare to the public their very high satisfaction, with which they marked on that occasion, the unexampled progress, the accuracy and singular decorum, evinced by the students; by which they gained for themselves and Mr. Stone their tutor, most unqualified applause.

        The pupils were exercised critically on the several subjects annexed to their respective classes, among which, no distinction of individuals is now made. 1st class, composed of two small boys, examined on spelling; 2nd class, was examined on spelling; 3rd a numerous class on reading and spelling by rote; 4th Reading; 5th Arithmetic to reduction; 6th Reading, Grammar and Arithmetic; 7th A large class on Arithmetic, to single rule of three in vulgar fractions; 8th a class on English Grammar and Parsing; 9th Arithmetic from single rule of three to the cube root; 10th Algebra to the twenty-sixth problem; 11th a class on Selectae e Vetere ten chapters; 12th English Grammar, Parsing, 1st chapt. Gospel according to St. John; 13th Ovid's Metamorphis; 14th Cicero; Oration agt. Caecilius; 15th Xenophon's Cyropaedia.


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        The visit of the Trustees, to the Academy, was closed, on the second day, after delivery, by a number of the students of select orations, and the representation of many humorous dialogues, to a crowded and respectable assembly.

        Hilliardston School has a pleasant and elevated situation in the country; above the falls of the rivers and within that range of hills, which traverses our country in a line with the sea coast, distinctly making the boundary of the low lands.

        The plan of the School contemplates an union of the several advantages of public and of private Education, while it secures youth from the evils of both. The student may feel here that emulation, which public schools are said to inspire, may fairly measure his capacity with that of others, learning, thereby, duly to appreciate his own powers, may collect from intercourse and experience a knowledge of the motives, whether noble or debased, that regulate human action, and thus enter on life, not entirely in his novitiate as to the true nature of man. Whilst the evils of private tuition have been thus removed, it has been much our care to avoid those, with some far greater, that are necessarily incident to situations public and exposed. A display of objects, that attract the gaze and divide the attention of unstaid youth, that call forth and seduce their passions; dissolute company, to which, when exposed they have so great a proneness, and from which, after initiations, it is so difficult for them to escape, are objects that have prevai