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(series) Annual Report of the Board of Directors, Treasurer and Superintendent of the Oxford Orphan Asylum, Oxford North Carolina to the Grand Lodge of North Carolina A. F. & A. M.
(title ) Sixty-Sixth Annual Report of the Board of Directors and Superintendent of the Oxford Orphanage, Oxford, N. C., to the Grand Lodge of North Carolina, A. F. & A. M., for the Year Ending December 31, 1938
Oxford Orphanage (Oxford, N. C.)
Oxford, North Carolina
Press of Oxford (Masonic) Orphanage
Call number C362.7 O98 1938-45 (North Carolina Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
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|Harry T. Paterson, Grand Master, Ex-off., Chm.,||Wilmington, N. C.|
|J. Edward Allen, Deputy Grand Master, Ex-off.||Warrenton, N. C.|
|Thos. J. Harkins, Senior Grand Warden||Asheville, N. C.|
|Chas. P. Eldridge, Junior Grand Warden, Ex-off.||Raleigh, N. C.|
|Alexander B. Andrews||Raleigh, N. C.|
|R. C. Dunn||Enfield, N. C.|
|R. L. Flowers||Durham, N. C.|
|J. W. Winborne||Marion, N. C.|
|T. L. Simmons||Rocky Mount, N. C.|
|Luther T. Hartsell, Jr.||Concord, N. C.|
|Benjamin Cone||Greensboro, N. C.|
Regular meetings: March, June, September and December at the Oxford Orphanage
|A. B. Andrews, Chairman||Raleigh, N. C.|
|R. L. Flowers||Durham, N. C.|
|R. C. Dunn||Enfield, N. C.|
Regular meetings: Second Wednesday in each month, or on call.
|A. H. Powell||Oxford, N. C.|
|J. M. Baird||Oxford, N. C.|
|B. W. Parham||Oxford, N. C.|
The Board of Directors of the Oxford Orphanage renders its brief report concerning its conduct of the affairs of the Institution for the year 1938. We advise a careful reading of the detailed report of the Superintendent for full particulars of the financial life and physical life of the Institution for the year.
The Directors have held their regular quarterly meetings at Raleigh and at Oxford, and the Executive Committee of the Board has met regularly once a month. The Visiting Committee has also made its report, and the Auditors have reported on the financial phase of the Institution and rendered detailed information of receipts, expenditures and the operation of various trusts and endowments.
The Orphanage has cared for a total of 351 children during the year 1938. At the beginning of the year the Orphanage population enrolled 351 children, 31 admissions were granted during the year, and 32 were discharged, leaving an enrollment of 350 at the end of the year.
The Grand Lodge has paid its appropriation for the year, and the Orphanage has also received the regular appropriation of the State of North Carolina, and also collected moneys from various endowments and trusts, and the financial picture of the Institution seems to be in good order.
Additions to the physical property and improvements to the plant amounted to slightly more than $18,000 during the year.
We again express to the Grand Lodge, the subordinate
lodges, the Trustees of the Duke Endowment and to the citizens of the State our appreciation of their generosity in continuing to support the Institution. We would like to call particular attention to the further needs of the Institution as outlined by the Superintendent in his report. If the Institution is to continue even greater service to the orphans of the State in future years it will be necessary for even greater expenditures to replace old equipment with modern conveniences.
The Directors feel that they have operated the Institution during the year at the very highest level of efficiency commensurate with the funds provided for its support. We trust that the Grand Lodge will continue to give the Institution its full support in the interest of the dependent children of the State and for the purpose of building a better citizenry among those children who come under the care of the Institution.
Board of Directors of Oxford Orphanage
HARRY T. PATERSON, Grand Master,
J. EDWARD ALLEN,
THOS. J. HARKINS,
CHAS. P. ELDRIDGE,
ALEXANDER B. ANDREWS,
R. C. DUNN,
R. L. FLOWERS,
J. W. WINBORNE,
T. L. SIMMONS,
LUTHER T. HARTSELL, JR.,
To the Board of Directors and the Grand Lodge of North Carolina, A. F. & A. M.:
I am herewith presenting the sixty-sixth annual report of the Oxford Orphanage with the full realization of the great responsibility which has been entrusted to me as Superintendent for a period of more than ten years. There is also a sense of pride to occupy a position of trust and to receive the confidence and support of the agencies and people who are interested in the affairs in this, the oldest orphanage in North Carolina. In the name of Masonry, these precious fragments of broken families in our State have been gathered in a great program of human welfare and betterment, with the result that over 5,000 North Carolina boys and girls have been given a chance in life and that at the present time there are 350 in our family group who look to Masonry and the people of North Carolina for life's essential elements.
Each individual and agency is to be congratulated in having some part in this tender and important task. It is a continuing evidence that the hearts of the people of North Carolina are kind and generous and that, with its program for progress and betterment along all lines, it heard the appeal of its dependent orphan children. The Oxford Orphanage represents an investment of resources, time, energy and of love and affection which pays dividends that can not be measured in terms of dollars and cents. The value of the Oxford Orphanage to North Carolina can not be estimated and its strength and sustaining influence for Masonry can not be measured.
We acknowledge with gratitude the loyal support of the Grand Lodge of North Carolina and of the subordinate Lodges during the year. The Grand Master, the Grand Secretary and Grand Treasurer have been prompt and sympathetic in their guidance and support. Many chapters of the O. E. S. have remembered the needs of our children. The State of North Carolina with its Governor
has kept in close touch with our work and paid its appropriation regularly. The State Board of Charities and Public Welfare has rendered valuable service. The Duke Endowment continues, not only with its financial assistance, but is constantly alert with aid in an advisory way to raise the standard and increase efficiency. The Duke Hospital, with its staff and specialists, has ministered most tenderly to the needs of our sick children. We are indebted to Dr. B. W. Fassett, whose services with the tonsil clinic and other examinations, has rendered his usual unselfish service. We acknowledge with gratitude the service of the churches and the citizens of Oxford and the large number of friends outside Masonic circles who have been liberal in their support. The work of the year could not have been accomplished without the loyal support of the entire staff of workers in the Orphanage who continue their unselfish devotion to duty. The children of the Orphanage are most sympathetic and a more cheerful and cooperative spirit prevails than I have ever known before.
The Oasis and Sudan Temples of the A. A. O. N. M. S., made special provisions for the needs of our athletic teams and the York Rite Bodies through the Carson York Rite Library Fund have aided considerably in providing a good Library for our family. We are grateful to the Scottish Rite Masonic Bodies of the State for their new interest and assistance to our Library. We are grateful also to the York Rite Bodies for the Student Loan Fund which has rendered assistance to many Orphanage pupils to secure further education after leaving the Home. We are grateful to Past Grand Master Alexander B. Andrews for the generous provision he has made through the A. B. Andrews Fund for assisting pupils who have immediately left the Orphanage. At Thanksgiving and Christmas, we received most generous gifts from many institutions and manufacturers and, while we have tried to thank each one separately, we are ever grateful for their thoughful gifts. To that large number of others who have assisted us, many of them unknown, we extend by this method our genuine gratitude.
|Total Enrollment January 1, 1938||351|
|Admitted during period||31|
|Discharged during period||32|
|Enrollment December 31, 1938||350|
|Total possible for Census January 1, 1938||128,115|
|Total possible for Children admitted||5,959|
|Total Days included above--not used by Children discharged during year||7,120|
|Total Days of Care for 1938||126,954|
|Average Daily Enrollment||347.8|
During the year 1938, applications have been received from 39 families:
Report on Investigation:
Report in reference to children:
|Whole Orphans||Mother Dead||Father Dead||Neither Dead||Total|
|On roll January 1, 1938||60||43||242||6||351|
|On roll December 31, 1938||51||41||250||8||350|
In Oxford Orphanage During the Year Ending December 31st, 1938, and Counties from Whence They Came:
This department is maintained, primarily, as a school of printing, in order to provide the boys, who show aptitude in this line of work, with such specific training as will enable them to take jobs in this field when they finish and, thereby, become self supporting. Every boy who has completed the course in this department has a job. The training consists of practical work in composition, bindery, linotype, press and addressograph operating. Since our reorganization of this department a year ago, it has functioned more efficiently and economically.
The job printing division of the Printing Department receives very little work outside Masonic circles, but does all the printing for the Orphanage, printing of the proceedings of the Grand Masonic Bodies and printing and supplying materials for subordinate lodges.
The Orphans' Friend, which is edited by Mr. Frank M. Pinnix, affords the Printing Department also with a large amount of practical work. This periodical is published
twice each month, is the organ of the Grand Lodge and also is the Institution paper. There are approximately 12,000 subscribers, which are solicited largely by our traveling representative, Mr. G. T. Matthews. During the year Mr. Matthews has been given the entire State and is doing a splendid piece of work.
The Job Printing Department has been able to operate during 1938 with a small profit, while the Department of The Orphans' Friend continues to operate with a deficit. It is hoped that some plan may soon be worked out to relieve the Orphanage from constantly going in debt to provide this periodical.
This whole department is set up as one of the divisions in our Vocational Training School and young men, who receive their training in the Printing Department at the Oxford Orphanage, are in great demand in North Carolina.
The Singing Class continued its usual tour through North Carolina, reaching most of the 100 counties of the State and giving approximately 200 concerts. This agency of the Orphanage has been operating for more than sixty years and its influence in making this State orphanage-minded cannot be estimated. The income in 1938 compares favorably with that of recent years. Fourteen children, after intensive training, are away from the campus at least eight months during the year and the net income from their concerts is of great help in financing the Orphanage. It brings the Home into direct contact with the Masons of the State and with thousands of other North Carolinians.
With all the benefits of the Singing Class, there are increasing difficulties in arranging for its engagements over the State. It became necessary a few years ago for them to travel in their own bus. With a concert in a different place each night and with their absence from school, aside from the many dangers on the road, I am constantly wondering if the Singing Class has not outlived its day. If the income, which is secured by this method,
could be provided in some other way by the Masons of North Carolina, I feel that this agency should be discontinued.
This department is also maintained as a training school and, throughout the years that have passed, has given to the State hundreds of young men who are now self sustaining, as they are found at work in many of the shoe shops of this and other states. All of the every-day shoes, worn by the children in the Orphanage, are made in this department. All the shoe repair work of the Orphanage is also done here, while there is a small amount of commercial work sent in from those outside the Orphanage family, without solicitation. The quality of the training which this department provides is well known over the State and our boys are in constant demand.
The work of our Health Department is largely preventive. All pupils must be vaccinated against smallpox, diphtheria and other forms of immunization from disease by vaccination are carried out through the course of the years. Many of our children come to us undernourished and with minor ailments, most of which are soon corrected by this department.
Our 72-bed hospital provides adequate facilities for our ordinary daily needs and gives us room in case of an epidemic for the treatment of those who are sick. The Orphanage employs a dentist (part time) whose attention to the dental needs of the children is evidenced by the splendid condition of their teeth. We likewise emphasize proper diet, plenty of good food, sufficient rest and exercise and constant attention to even the smallest ills of the children.
During the year there were several children whom we sent to Duke Hospital for operations and other care and with splendid results.
We regret to report the death of one of our finest
boys, Charles Moricle, who became seriously ill from a dangerous blood stream infection. Every medical aid within reach was offered, but the dreadful germ had done its work and he could not be saved. Our record of deaths is remarkable in that for more than eleven years we have lost only three.
The outstanding person in the Health Department of the Orphanage is our own Dr. N. C. Daniel and the esteem and affection in which he is held, not only by the Orphanage, but by the citizens of Oxford, was evidenced by the presentation to the hospital of splendid portrait of this faithful physician.
During the year there has been a great improvement in this department. Plans were used to prevent soil erosion and winter cover crops were used extensively. There was an addition of more than 20 acres of land during the year and, with a few other changes, we have been able to make this department more valuable.
Our herd of cattle is free from tuberculosis and Bangs disease and more than 100 gallons of whole milk is consumed each day by the Orphanage family. We provided all of our pork for 1938 and a considerable part of the lard, veal and some beef. The addition of the cold storage plants two years ago made it possible for this whole department to be of great service, while at the same time we have been able to purchase meat and other products in larger quantities and at a great saving. The farm produces a large supply of vegetables and fruit in season and we have been able to save all the surplus by canning. We are also fortunate in being able to secure fresh vegetables throughout the winter season, some of them from our winter garden and others purchased from passing trucks.
The farming department also provides training for a large number of boys and now and then one of them is able to find employment on the farms and dairies of our State. We do not produce any farm produce for sale and
the net cost of farm operations is added to the cost of food at the end of the year.
This department is also maintained as a school, the purpose of which is to train young men in special lines of electrical work. Approximately 10 boys are in training in this department all the time and we have had no difficulty whatever in placing our young men who complete this course. The work consists of rewinding motors, generators, etc., and some commercial work is secured from over the State which is most carefully and accurately done under the direction of the trained and experienced head of this department. The electrical work of the Orphanage, in all of its buildings and departments, consisting of many motors and electrical equipment of various kinds, is also serviced by this department and, at the end of the year, the net cost is charged to the repairs and upkeep of equipment on the campus.
The John A. Nichols or Orphanage School for a number of years has been a part of the city and state school system. Our building is leased to the local school district and more than 100 town pupils are grouped with the Orphanage children in this separate unit of the Oxford City Schools. We have found this entirely satisfactory and a very convenient arrangement for meeting the educational needs of the Orphanage and surrounding community. In addition to the teachers provided by the State, we have found it necessary to add a few other departments and teachers and likewise to supplement the salaries of some others. In order to meet our needs, it is also necessary to operate certain grades of the school longer than the eight months State term in order to provide the necessary days and hours in school, as required by the State system. The report of the Principal follows immediately and reveals the splendid type of work done by the school unit.
The past year has been one of unusual achievements for the school.
Our Parent-Teacher Association, which is in the midst of its second year, has proved to be a most valuable addition to our school set-up. Last year it placed in the school room more than a hundred dollars worth of pictures and this year it has had bulletin boards installed in all of the rooms. This project, which represents an outlay of almost a hundred dollars, has provided ample space for the posting of art work as well as other work which teachers desire to place on display. Our association has a membership of seventy-five at the present time, and attendance at our meetings is excellent. Last year, in the first year of its existence, our Parent-Teacher Association received the highest possible rating from our state and national organizations.
An estimate of the quality of work which our school is doing may be obtained from a review of the results of two state-wide tests in which our pupils participated last year. Results of the state wide seventh grade achievement tests last spring showed a median of 7.8 for the entire state as compared with 8.5 for our Orphanage group. This means that, whereas the average seventh grade pupil in North Carolina ranked as of the eighth month of the seventh grade, our Orphanage children ranked as of the fifth month of the eighth grade. Comparing our results with (1) Large city units, (2) Small city units, (3) County systems, and (4) All North Carolina schools, we ranked above all groups in eight of the nine sub-tests. On the ninth, Arithmetic Fundamentals, we ranked above all except the small city units and tied them for highest achievements. According to a tabulation furnished by the State Department of Public Instruction, only seven school units in the state scored higher on the tests than the Orphanage school.
On the state-wide senior examination, administered last spring, our seniors made an excellent rating. With a state median of 36, and our median of 60, one may readily see that the quality of work done in the Orphanage school is of the highest character and compares most favorably with the state at large.
This year we have in our school twelve state-allotted teachers. This number is made possible partly through the attendance of town pupils in our school. Following is the enrollment distribution of Orphanage and town pupils in the school:
|Grade||Orph. Pupils||Town Pupils||Total|
The physical equipment of our school has been greatly improved by the substitution of tables and chairs to replace stationary desks in the first grade room. By next fall we hope to equip the second and third grade rooms with similar equipment.
This year we are again sponsoring our two publications: The Spotlight, our high school paper; and The Log, our senior annual. We also have several minor publications, such as grade newspapers and a small Boy Scout news leaf. These publications offer splendid opportunities for self-expression among pupils, as well as elementary training in journalism.
During the past year our high school placed two debators on the team representing the schools of Oxford in the state triangular debate. We are making preparations to enter again this year. This spring we plan also to enter one of our senior girls in the soprano-solo division of the state music contest, sponsored annually by the Woman's College of the University of North Carolina.
Among our most important plans for next year is the instituting of student government in our high school. We have under study several plans which are operating successfully in other schools of North Carolina, and we look forward with keen anticipation to a successful organization of our own.
This year we are making an index to the many articles contained in our school museum, and we plan to place a copy of the index in the hands of each teacher. In this way we hope to have our museum make a real contribution to the school program. Teachers will be urged to borrow freely from the museum in order that pupils may have first hand information about many of the things about which they read and study.
In the graduating class last year there were nine Orphanage girls, two Orphanage boys, six town girls, and five town boys. Of the Orphanage girls, three have entered college, two are in nurses' schools, one has entered a business college, and three are employed. Both of the boys are employed. Of the town girls, one entered college;
one is taking a course in beauty culture; one a commerical course; and three are employed. Of the town boys, three entered college, and two are employed.
D. S. JOHNSON, Principal.
Boy Scouting at the Oxford Orphanage has been carried on for a number of years and at the present time is under the splendid leadership of Professor J. Chandler Eakes. There have been a number of Eagle Scouts from our troop and regular meetings are held throughout the year. A full Scout program is promoted, including boys' camp during the summer.
The value of Boy Scouting can not be determined. The Scouts perform many civic duties here at the Orphanage and in Oxford and there is a decided improvement in the general tone and attitude, not only of the Boy Scouts, but of the other boys on the campus.
Mr. Wm. B. Hodge, of Charlotte, has also a very keen interest in this movement here at the Orphanage and not only makes a liberal contribution each year, but offers a prize at commencement and encourages in other ways this fine organization for boys and its promotion of character and citizenship.
For more than a year the Girl Scouts have been organized here in the Orphanage, under the leadership and direction of Miss Mamie Baldwin. Their meetings are held regularly and they are pursuing work as outlined for this age of girls. It is interesting to note that the troop is filled to its capacity and has a waiting list. We expect to hear from this group in the coming days.
The Library at the Oxford Orphanage at the present has nearly 5,000 volumes and is one of the busiest and most valuable agencies here. A few years ago it was relocated
in the school building and furnished with modern library equipment and has for a number of years passed the State High School requirements for a standard library. The Library is open during school hours and two nights each week and is used, not only for general reading, but for reference work, especially for the different departments in the High School. The teachers and Librarian work together with the pupils and it is one of the remarkable things of the campus that the pupils here make such large use of the library facilities. Classes are conducted in "How to use the Library" and, with the two literary societies having become quite active, the Library is indispensable. Miss Myrtle Branch, our Librarian, has spent several summers in the study of Library Science and is highly qualified by training, temperament and general culture for the leadership in this phase of our work. The Grand York Rite Bodies have been interested in the Library for a number of years and make an annual contribution, known as the Carson York Rite Library Fund. The Scottish Rite Bodies of the State have recently become interested and likewise made liberal gifts. There are a number of individuals who have become interested in the Library. Mr. Alexander B. Andrews, and a number of others, have made contributions to this fund. Several individuals have sent contributions for the use of the Library instead of sending flowers at the death of their friends. This policy has been adopted especially by Statesville Lodge, No. 487. This affords a splendid opportunity to provide a continuing memorial for some loved one.
This Department was revived some years ago and it is interesting to note that more than 30 of our girls are enrolled in these classes, under the splendid leadership of Miss Madge Rhyne. The classes are conducted along the lines standardized by the State and their projects include practical undertakings in connection with their cottages and dining room activities. Many things have been accomplished by these girls and especially a new attitude has been assumed toward the clothing and food
departments as the girls become more informed as to the practical use of these agencies and have entered into the work and their projects with a new zeal. Special dinners, banquets and other occasions are often managed by the pupils of this department and the value of this training for our girls can not be estimated.
This department is carefully organized here at the Orphanage, under a head clothing matron, and its activities are centered in the Girls' Industrial Building. It is our opinion that good food and neat and substantial clothing adds largely to the contentment of pupils, cultivates a sense of pride and adds to their general feeling of security. The Clothing Department, with the Laundry, Sewing Room, Mending Room and fitting department, each with its matron, under the direction of Miss Hall, the head clothing matron, meets the requirements of the clothing needs of our children in a splendid way. At Thanksgiving and Christmas time we have received splendid gifts and donations of clothing and materials from many of the mills of North Carolina. Mr. Ben Cone, of Greensboro, and Mr. Fred Seely, of Asheville, have been outstanding in this contribution of materials and have assisted us in a considerable way in meeting the clothing needs of our children.
The W. P. A. Sewing Rooms in Oxford and Durham have made large quantities of cloth into children's clothing and the Orphanage is able to secure this service because of the fact that contributions are received from the State of North Carolina. We are deeply grateful to this agency for the assistance given. There is a long list of donors of clothing material and we wish to acknowledge again with gratitude their gracious remembrance of our needs.
We completed two years of work in this department and decided in August, 1938, to discontinue it. We found that only on rare occasions do any of our boys go into agricultural
fields of work and that the program of projects and training as conducted by the teacher was not suited to our needs and was not made adaptable. For the rural high school of North Carolina, we feel that this is a most valuable department, as boys go back to their fathers' farms and pursue vocational agriculture, but with our boys, who are without parents and without farming opportunities upon finishing, we concluded that the funds allotted by the Government for use in this work could be used to a better advantage in the rural districts of North Carolina.
It is our opinion here at the Orphanage that the Food Department is essentially fundamental. We feel that the equipment should be of the very best, utilize labor saving devices, electric equipment and every precaution to insure sanitation and economy. Many of our problems of behavior may be solved in the kitchen and dining room and the attitude of both children and workers is much better when they are properly and well fed. With this in view, we have set out during the last few years to improve and modernize our whole food department.
We are, therefore, raising more fruit, vegetables and produce on our farm. We are producing more meat products and improving the herd of milk cattle and increasing the quantity and quality of our milk. We feel that we have made substantial progress along these lines.
We have also provided adequate cold storage facilities that we may keep not only what we produce for a longer period of time, but that we may buy fresh produce and meat in larger quantities and effect considerable saving. We have also completely renovated and rebuilt the kitchen and dining rooms; our kitchen and baking facilities are now all electric and the cost of operating has actually decreased while the cleanliness, elimination of heat and all of the ills, incident to the old type of wood stove, enables us to keep a cleaner and better kitchen. The dining rooms have been refurnished and redecorated, better dishes have been provided, new heating system installed in these departments
and adequate supply of hot scalding water is now on tap at all times. With the help of all who are involved in this department and under the leadership of our Dietitian and her assistants, we have greatly improved our food supply and the children are more contented and we can readily see an improvement in their physical condition and resistance to diseases.
Since the Oxford Orphanage is a Masonic institution, it is, therefore, inter-dominational. Spiritual training of our children is emphasized and various forms of religious activities are provided for our pupils. A daily assembly is held in each cottage, under the direction of the counselor. Chapel exercises are held at a regular time under the direction of the Principal of the school. Our larger boys and girls attend Sunday School in town with splendid results, in that they are receiving the training and are entering into practical activities of the church such as they will find when they go out in the world. The smaller boys and girls are trained in the Sunday School here on the grounds where our own workers serve as teachers and the whole Sunday School is departmentized and graded literature is used throughout. It is interesting to know that our Sunday School collections, for more than 10 years, among the pupils and workers, has amounted to over $1,000.00 and is sent regularly to the Shriners' Crippled Children's Hospital in Greenville, South Carolina. On Sunday evenings the Superintendent conducts services for various groups of children either in the chapel or for the entire Orphanage family on the lawn and under the trees in summer. Our children join the churches of the town and attend the church services according to the membership of their parents and it is a beautiful sight on a Sabbath morning to see our pupils finding their way to church and Sunday School much the same as children from the other homes of the community.
The essential elements of Christian religion are emphasized in the daily life of the Orphanage and we are
attempting to make practical the life and teachings of Christ in the daily habits, contacts and lives of both children and workers.
We realize that here in the Orphanage home that we have youth with all its attendant energy, desires and needs. In a well rounded development of young life, we recognize the importance of training in the social graces and particularly the development of those qualities which enable young people to get along together and to take their places not only here in the daily life of the Home, but in the days to come.
We are giving increased attention to the social development of our children. Parties, hikes, picnics, dances and social contacts of many descriptions are encourged and it is interesting to observe our teen age boys and girls on calling nights and at other times when they meet each other in their social contacts. We are likewise encouraging these things among our workers that they may provide more in life and activity as an example to our boys and girls. The athletic program includes various forms of activities. The swimming pool during the summer interests every child and constitutes our principal athletic and recreational activity during the summer season. Tennis courts and equipment have been provided and at times are popular. We encourage soft ball and volley ball among the girls in season. The boys are encouraged in baseball and during the season for this sport there are many teams of all ages and sizes. Football is probably the outstanding sport and athletic activity among the boys and, in addition to the varsity squad, there are at least three other groups who practice regularly and play on regular schedule with other Orphanages and schools in season. Three of our young men workers are directing this activity and also the other athletic activities of the boys, in addition to their work as teachers in high school and counselors in the cottage. The benefit of this sport through the years can not be estimated, especially in the cultivation of school spirit and poise. Our teams, especially in football, have
received most favorable comment for their good sportsmanship, splendid physical condition and their hard playing. Our varsity squad this year made quite an enviable record as we played some of the strongest high school teams in the State. One of our boys was selected on the All-State high school senior team, which played for the benefit of the Crippled Children's Hospital in Charlotte on December 3rd. This boy, Frank Ballard, has a bright future ahead of him on account of his athletic ability and training. We are expecting that other boys will receive attention and notice in the coming years.
We have eliminated basket ball and boxing as these winter time sports require the absence from the campus at various times and often late at night on the slippery highways. Our children also enjoy the picture shows as other children, but we make an effort to select only the best for them to attend and frequently the owner of the picture show here in town invites the Orphanage family on holidays to enjoy some special picture which has been selected. The children, from their allowance, secure their own tickets at reduced prices.
We should also like to mention the fact that all of our children past nine years of age, receive a monthly allowance in money, which they check out of the bank as they need it, under the direction of the Principal of our school. This practice has had a most excellent result, giving the children a feeling of independence in buying the little articles which they want, picture show tickets, money for Sunday School and church collections as they like and it has had a fine influence in discouraging petty thievery. Many of the pupils save their money during the years and at graduation some have sufficient money saved to pay their entrance fees, etc., for nurses training courses and similar agencies. While this is an expense on one hand, we are confident that the results obtained are well worth the cost.
We can not say too much about this recreational and, now, educational enterprise. It is a gift of the two Shrine
Temples of North Carolina and has been in operation about 15 years. Every child in the Home goes into the pool daily during the season and our records indicate that there has been only one fatality. Regular trained life guards are provided at all times there are children in the pool who teach swimming and diving and offer courses leading to both the Junior and Senior Red Cross life saving certificates. A large percent of our high school pupils possess these certificates and a number in the grammar grades have junior certificates; thus providing quite a number who are trained in life saving at all hours when the pool is open. This has become a practical benefit for the use of the pool, aside from its recreational health-giving and athletic training value. One of the most interesting and beautiful events of the year is the annual water pageant, presented under the direction of Mr. E. T. Regan, at the swimming pool as the season closes. At this time special recognition is given those who earn certificates.
The arrangement of the buildings on the campus of the Oxford Orphanage is convenient and makes a beautiful appearance on an old campus. It has been our policy to keep these buildings adequately insured and at the same time in a good state of repair. We, therefore, employ a full time worker to keep the buildings in shape as we feel this is a saving in the long run. With 30 buildings to care for it is a considerable task to keep them in repair.
The grounds of the Orphanage, with the beautiful grove, is a heritage from the past. Some one in the yesterdays, mindful of the beauty of a wonderful grove and campus, preserved and passed on to this generation one of the beauty spots in North Carolina. We are striving to maintain its beauty and make preparations for the coming generations to continue the enjoyment of a magnificent grove and beautiful surroundings. We, therefore, have kept the trees pruned, the campus fertilized and, through the beneficence of a friend, have been able to place beautiful shrubbery around the buildings and over the grove. We feel that beautiful surroundings of campus
and buildings has likewise a fine effect upon the temperament and lives of the pupils. Our greatest need in this line is for improvements of the interior of our buildings by repainting, rearranging and adding new furniture to make them more homelike.
The general equipment within our buildings and within the institution comprises a large amount of apparatus, much of which is electrically operated. This requires the constant service of a man to see that our pump and water systems are in good shape; that our sewer system, which now empties in the city lines, is kept up. With the large quantity of electrical apparatus and stokers it is a continuing task to keep everything in shape and operating. We are fortunate in the splendid men whom we have to work with our buildings, grounds and equipment.
There is a growing interest among the alumni in their Orphanage home and also a keener interest in themselves. There is a general Alumni Association and also units and chapters in different parts of the State. This organization seeks to keep in contact with those who are finishing and to render assistance to them in any way possible. Also, it continues its efforts to develop among the Alumni an abiding interest in their Home. The work of the Alumni is quite effective and more and more of our former boys and girls are returning for visits to their Orphanage home while we strive to make them feel at home and provide them with a welcome as they return.
The annual home coming day, under the auspices of the Alumni Association, was a great success in 1938. The largest number in the history of the Association came back to the old Home and the picnic dinner on the campus was an occasion never to be forgotten. The Orphanage encourages the family relationships with all who have lived here and there is a growing feeling of attachment to the home and an interest among the Alumni. The Alumni are given the right-of-way when they return and the Association is to be encouraged and congratulated on its accomplishments.
The officers for the current year are:
The staff of workers in the Oxford Orphanage is carefully selected. Many of them have been here a great many years and are retained as long as they are effective and cooperative. We are gradually raising the educational requirements for the workers in the Home and call your attention to the list of workers in the first pages of this report and to their educational accomplishments. Under the direction of the Superintendent, a program of training of workers is carried out. A section of the Library is furnished with books for the workers, frequent lectures and conferences are held and we are sending at least five each season to the Summer School for Orphanage Workers, held at Duke University.
We are striving to create an atmosphere of security, both for workers and children, and to create the feeling of friendly cooperation. We, therefore, call the people who supervise our cottage work by the name of "counselors" and in no case do we attempt to tell a pupil that we are taking the place of father or mother. This can not be done. In matters of discipline and dealing with behavior problems, we are endeavoring to accept each pupil as a personality, strive to analyze each case and determine the cause of misconduct and set about with corrective measures.
The capacity of the Orphanage has been fixed at 350 pupils and it is our aim to do gradually a better piece of work rather than extend limited services to a larger number. There is a turnover of pupils annually of about 35. The older and larger ones, including the graduates, are usually placed in jobs or undertake further training and
education. The younger and smaller pupils who are discharged from the Orphanage usually go back to relatives whose homes have been reestablished. Our Case Worker visits among the kin people of the children to observe changes which have occurred and which make it wise for the children to return. Some few are discharged as incorrigible. It may be considered wise in the near future to admit no children under five years of age, in order that all who are here may be in some organized educational plan, beginning with Kindergarten, and, further, that we may eliminate that long number of years to care for a child which is necessary when the very young and small are admitted. This matter is now under advisement.
We are proud of the records which our pupils make when they leave us. So far as we are able to find out, not a single pupil who has been in the Orphanage has been indicted and sentenced for committing a major crime. Oxford Orphanage boys and girls make good and this fact is the dividend paid from the continued investment which is made in this type of work.
The Building Fund pledges are long past due and no further organized effort will be made to make collections. However, these cards and accounts are kept on file in order that credit may be given any who pay on this account in the future. The Building Fund indebtedness has been reduced to $17,600.00.
The A. B. Andrews Fund meets a desired need here at the Orphanage and renders a service that can not be estimated. The principal has been added to annually by the donor and now has reached a sizeable amount. Only the income is used and the purpose of the Fund is to assist pupils in that period between leaving the Orphanage and their becoming self sustaining. Hospital fees, entrance fees to nurses' schools and assistance to boys and college has been made possible through this Fund.
Dr. Merle J. Carson interested himself greatly several years ago in the Library of the Oxford Orphanage and, through his influence and the help of others, the York Rite Bodies make an annual appropriation for this cause. Dr. Carson was honored after his death by having this special Fund named for him.
Recently, the Scottish Rite Bodies of the State have become interested also in providing some special service for the Orphanage and have, likewise, made substantial contributions to the Library. This Fund, along with the others of a similar nature, accounts for our splendid reading facilities, both in books for reading and reference and for newspapers and magazines.
This special account is gradually increasing as an endowment fund. Unrestricted legacies and gifts which come to the Orphanage are placed in this account and only the income used. This income is used for permanent improvements here at the Orphanage and we have made special efforts during the year to interest our friends in gifts and legacies for this purpose. We feel that there is no finer opportunity in the State than an investment of this kind.
We are empasizing and urging our friends throughout the State and elsewhere to consider the Oxford Orphanage in their wills, in their life insurance and by special gifts during their life time. Memorials to loved ones may be made permanent by these methods and friends of the Oxford Orphanage are urged to keep this matter not only in mind but to suggest it to others. North Carolina wealth can be invested in North Carolina boys and girls by these methods and become permanent living monuments and extend a perpetual help to those who might not otherwise have a chance in life.
It is our purpose each year to make some permanent improvements or additions; not with the idea of increasing our population, but of increasing the effectiveness of our program and enabling us to do a better quality of work. During the year that has passed, we made considerable improvements in our food departments. There are certain outstanding needs for our Orphanage which must be made before we can boast of a plant that is adequate for a full program of child care and training. I take the liberty of mentioning the outstanding needs, in the hope that someone who reads these pages may become interested and assist in supplying one or more of them:
1--Remodeling the Walker Building for small boys to make it safe, more attractive and also add a heating system.
2--Repainting the interior of the school building.
3--Repainting the interior of the Hospital and making some small improvements to better provide for the smallest children.
4--To repaint all the cottages on the interior and refurnish the living rooms in order that they may be more home-like.
5--Complete renovation of the Main Building and Chapel.
6--A new cottage for girls to eliminate crowded conditions.
7--A new cottage for boys to eliminate crowded conditions.
8--A gymnasium building, including auditorium adequate for the needs of the Orphanage, as at present time our facilities for assembly are exceedingly poor.
9--A new building to house the boys' industrial and vocational departments.
The financial statement pages, which constitute the last of this report, are submitted for the reader's careful
consideration. There is no need to go into detail as each reader may study and make his own analysis. We begin each year with some apprehension and wonder if we will be able to continue the program as outlined. We have operated on a budget basis for several years and the Book-keeper keeps me informed regularly as to the amount of money on hand and our needs for the immediate future. We are, therefore, moving with considerable caution, while at the same time we are providing for as wide a program as possible for our children. The buildings, grounds and equipment must be kept in repair and kept insured. Through the Workman's Compensation we provide a form of insurance for our staff of workers in case of injury in line of duty. We feel that this is necessary.
The sources of our income can be readily seen from the reports, but it is to be remembered that we must always depend largely upon free-will contributions from interested friends; from regular collections in Masonic lodges; from the support given the annual visit of the Singing Class and solicitor of The Orphans' Friend and, more especially from the Thanksgiving and Christmas campaign, which is made each year.
This latter campaign is essential to enable us to balance our budget and to live within the income. The Grand Lodge has almost completed its payments for the amounts past due in other years and we are faced with the necessity of continuing our program without this extra assistance.
We are not running in debt for operating expenses and have borrowed no money to run the Orphanage in more than 10 years. This record, of which we are proud, has been made possible because of the cooperation of the Lodges and friends throughout the State.
The Oxford Orphanage is the crowning achievement of Masonry in North Carolina. It is the practical expression of the heart and soul of Masonry as it reaches out over the state and gathers the precious human fragments from among the broken ruins of North Carolina homes.
Whatever else Masonry may be, one can point to the Oxford Orphanage and say, "There is Masonry at Work." The Oxford Orphanage is more than a philanthropy. It is an investment in North Carolina boys and girls; it is an abiding opportunity for voluntary, individual and personal expression of a feeling and desire to help others and it is an opportunity for private choice in a humanitarian enterprise that will remain as long as needy children of our State are bereft of their homes.
|Grand Lodge of North Carolina||$ 45,000.00||$ 129.38|
|John Neal Trust||42,749.10||122.91|
|State of North Carolina||30,000.00||86.26|
|Donations from Masonic Bodies||8,506.77||24.46|
|Net Income from Singing Class||7,423.99||21.34|
|Donations from General Public||3,489.48||10.03|
|Income from Miscellaneous Sources||455.26||1.31|
|Other Endowment Funds||130.00||.37|
|Total Income||$148,931.84||$ 428.19|
|ADMINISTRATIVE AND GENERAL EXPENSE||$16,000.03|
|Less Property Expense--Insurance||2,682.87||$ 13,317.16||$ 38.28|
|CARE OF CHILDREN|
|Clothing and Toilet Accessories||11,869.57|
|Plant Operation and Maintenance||12,442.62||35.77|
|Extra Institutional Service||2,458.15||7.07|
|TOTAL EXPENSE OF ADMINISTRATION AND CARE OF CHILDREN||$129,026.40||$ 370.96|
|Repairs and Replacements--Including Salaries||14,080.89||40.49|
|TOTAL EXPENSE||$145,790.16||$ 419.16|
|Excess of Operating Income Over Operating Expense||3,141.68||9.03|
|CASH: On Hand for Deposit||$ 250.00|
|Petty Cash Funds||105.00|
|In Bank, Checking Account||1,045.69|
|In Bank, Savings Account, Bal. Building Fund||542.94||$ 1,943.63|
|DUE FROM GRAND LODGE OF NORTH CAROLINA|
|Balance 1933 Appropriation Current Fund||$ 3,500.00|
|1933 and 1934 Appropriation to Building Fund||11,350.00||14,850.00|
|ACCOUNTS AND NOTES RECEIVABLE|
|Miscellaneous and Shoe Shop Accounts||$ 86.98|
|Electrical Department Accounts||590.25|
|Printing Department Accounts||2,090.69|
|Printing Department Notes||40.00|
|Accounts Payable Debit Balances||2.29|
|Less Accounts Receivable Employees||42.51||2,767.70|
|ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE EMPLOYEES|
|Printing, Miscellaneous and Shoe Shop||$ 42.51|
|Advance to Superintendent for Travel||210.11||252.62|
|Printing Department||$ 64.43|
|Less Reserve for Bad Debts||151.93||4.00|
|INVENTORY OF MATERIALS AND SUPPLIES|
|Printing Department||$ 4,161.39|
|CASH ADVANCES ON LEGACIES NOT YET SETTLED||336.32|
|CASH ADVANCES--TRUST FUNDS||891.00|
|CASH IN BANKS--RESTRICTED: Current Fund||804.64|
|TOTAL CURRENT FUND ASSETS||$ 58,275.29|
|ENDOWMENT AND SPECIAL FUND--ASSETS|
|John Neal Trust||[illegible]|
|Other Endowment Funds||4,500.00|
|Other Special Funds||101,033.47|
|FIXED ASSETS: Land||$ 63,464.54|
|Printing Department Equipment||53,415.48||982,938.57|
|ACCOUNTS PAYABLE||$ 1.08|
|ASSETS HELD FOR OTHER FUNDS|
|Special Funds||$ 502.24|
|Legacies not Appropriated||904.95||2,007.89|
|NOTES PAYABLE--Printing Department||852.00|
|Building Fund Notes Due Grand Lodge||17,600.00|
|TOTAL LIABILITIES||$ 20,460.97|
|CURRENT FUND SURPLUS|
|Reserved for Depreciation of Equipment|
|Electrical Department||$ 1,012.35|
|Singing Class Bus||342.43||$ 32,356.02|
|TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SURPLUS||$ 58,275.29|
|Other Special Funds--Liabilities||$ 891.00|
|COST OF FIXED ASSETS||982,938.57|
|PER CAPITA PAYMENTS|
|Duke Endowment||$ 10,873.06|
|NET INCOME FROM SINGING CLASS||7,423.99|
|CONTRIBUTIONS: LUMP SUM GIFTS|
|Grand Lodge of North Carolina||$ 45,000.00|
|Chapters, Royal Arch Masons||15.00|
|Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite||3.57|
|Chapters, Order of Eastern Star||222.70|
|Masonic Clubs, Classes, Etc.||27.50|
|Total Fraternal Orders||$ 53,506.77|
|State of North Carolina||30,000.00|
|Other Donated Commodities||21.40||304.18|
|INCOME FROM INVESTMENTS|
|From Endowments and Special Funds|
|John Neal Trust for General Purposes||$ 42,749.10|
|A. B. Clifton Legacy||70.00|
|B. F. Moore Legacy||60.00||42,879.10|
|OTHER OPERATING INCOME|
|NET OPERATING INCOME||$148,931.84|
|DONATIONS FOR LUXURY GIFTS||80.50|
|ADMINISTRATIVE AND GENERAL EXPENSE|
|Office Stationery and Supplies||265.47|
|Telephone, Telegraph and Postage||668.36|
|Conference Expense--Membership Dues||53.70|
|Financing and Publicity||1,045.12|
|Other Expense||2,479.51||$ 16,000.03|
|INSTITUTIONAL CARE OF CHILDREN--HOUSEHOLD|
|Clothing and Toilet Accessories||11,869.57|
|Transportation of Children||189.10|
|Other Household Expense||576.82||81,923.70|
|Other Fees and X Rays||2.25|
|Supplies for Hospital||252.29|
|PLANT OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE|
|Fuel, Light, Power and Water||12,442.62|
|Replacement and Repairs||8,557.74||26,523.51|
|EXTRA INSTITUTIONAL SERVICE|
|Maintenance in Other Institutions||264.05|
|Sundry Supplies for Field Worker||6.50||2,458.15|
|TOTAL OPERATING EXPENSE||$145,790.16|
|OPERATING INCOME IN EXCESS OF OPERATING EXPENSE||3,141.68|
|EXPENDITURE OF DONATIONS FOR LUXURY GIFTS||80.50|
|From Estate of R. D. Shore||$ 2,500.00|
|From Estate of C. E. Barnhardt||2,000.00|
|From Estate of James H. Bryant||500.00|
|From Estate of John W. Martin||22.68|
|From Sam Shermer Legacy--Interest on Note||21.35|
|Refunds of Advances to Vann and Kornegay Estates||65.78|
|TOTAL RECEIPTS||$ 5,109.81|
|Balance: January 1, 1938|
|Cash on Hand for Investment||$ 410.92|
|Note and Deed of Trust--Sam Shermer|
|Less Cash Payments||300.00||50.00|
|Less Advances in Settlement of Estates|
|Of J. R. Moss--Not Settled||$ 164.32|
|Of A. U. Kornegay--Not Settled||3.00|
|Susan C. Vann||62.78||230.10||230.82|
|TOTAL RECEIPTS AND BALANCE||$ 5,340.63|
|ACCOUNTING FOR RECEIPTS|
|Appropriated for Purchase of Real Estate||$ 3,837.84|
|Invested in Permanent Improvement Fund||762.16|
|Insurance and Attorney Fees J. R. Moss Legacy||172.00|
|Balance December 31, 1938|
|Cash on Hand for Investment||$ 904.95|
|Less Advances in Settlement of Estate of J. R. Moss--Not Settled||336.32||568.63|
The following Additions and Improvements Were Made During the Year as Detailed in Financial Records
|Additions Land, 1938,||$ 2,100.00|
|Additions to Buildings:|
|Electrical Fixtures and Wiring Dining Room||197.07|
|Renovating Dining Room||3,536.65|
|Heating System, Dining Room||2,546.00||6,384.84|
|Additional Furniture, Fixtures and Equipment||3,835.95|
|Replacement of Furniture Fixtures and Equipment||5,251.74|
|Additions and Replacements--Library Books||577.27|
|TOTAL ADDITIONS AND IMPROVEMENTS||$ 18,149.80|
|The Cost was Provided as Follows:|
|Legacies Appropriated for Purchase of Real Estate||$ 2,100.00|
|Income from Permanent Improvement Fund Appropriated for Additions to Buildings||2,259.50|
|Reserve for Depreciation, Singing Class Bus||2,372.01|
|Appropriations of Specific Donations for Purchase and Replacement of Equipment||700.00|
|Allowance in Trade of Old Equipment||982.99|
|Appropriation of Donations for Purchase and Replacement Library Books||577.27|
|TOTAL PROVIDED FOR||$ 8,991.77|
|Balance: Cash Advanced by Current Fund|
|Land--1936--Now Refunded from Legacy, See Below||$ 1,737.84|
|Additions to Buildings||4,125.34|
|Additions to Furniture, Fixtures and Equipment||3,835.95|
|Replacement--Furniture, Fixtures and Equipment||1,196.74|
|Less Appropriations of Legacy to Refund Current Fund for Purchase of Land in 1936||1,737.84|
|BALANCE TO BE PROVIDED FOR||9,158.03|
The Auditor's Report, giving a statement of the financial transactions and condition of the Orphanage for the year, is pretty full and complete, and is submitted as a part of this report.
An analysis of this audit shows some changes in both income and expenditures as compared with 1937.
General household and health expenses show some decreases while in administration, education and plant operation there was some increase.
In income there was a decrease in receipts for the Singing Class concerts and voluntary donations from the Lodges. Donations from the general public, however, show a gratifying increase. There was also a decided increase in receipts from legacies and while "Legacies are posthumous dispatches affection sends to gratitude to let one know one has lost a friend" it is good to feel that the number of these friends is increasing.
While, as always, there were some hard places, on the whole it was a good year and we start 1939 with fresh hopes and new courage.
(Signed) IVEY ALLEN, Treasurer.