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Tabulated Statement of Industries & Resources of North Carolina:
Electronic Edition.

Polk, L. L. (Leonidas La Fayette), 1837-1892.


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University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill,
2002.

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Source Description:
(title page) Tabulated Statement of Industries & Resources of North Carolina
L. L. Polk, Commissioner.
40 p.
[Raleigh, N. C.]
[N.C. Dept. of Agriculture]
[1878]
Cp917 N87at (North Carolina Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)


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Illustration

[Title Page Image]


TABULATED STATEMENT
OF
INDUSTRIES & RESOURCES
OF
NORTH CAROLINA,

BY

L. L. POLK, Commissioner.


Page 3

TO THE READER.

OFFICE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE,
Raleigh, N. C., March 1st, 1878.

        The collection and publication of statistics and facts relating to the industries and general condition of our people, and the physical resources and advantages of our State, is of the highest importance to us at this time. The tabulated statements made on the following pages contain information greatly sought for, especially by foreigners and citizens of other States, now that public attention is being attracted towards our State, and it is very important that it should be as accurate as possible. These statements as a rule were made by a class of our citizens whose constant employment on the farm gave them but little time to devote to other matters, and when we consider this fact, the reports are creditably full and correct. But as these tables are designed to be placed prominently and permanently before the public in the Hand-Book, for which I am collecting material, it is important that each county should be fully and faithfully represented. These advanced sheets are therefore sent to you for your examination, and should you find any omissions or errors in the statement for your county, will you do the Department and its Correspondents the favor to correct on the blank form accompanying this Report, and return to this office at your earliest convenience?

Your immediate attention would greatly oblige,
Yours Respectfully,

L. L. POLK,
Commissioner.


Page 4

        
          CHURCHES.              
COUNTIES. Roman Catholic. Episcopal. Presbyterian. Methodist. Baptist. Lutheran. Christian. Quakers. German Reformed. Union. Dunkers, Campbellites.
Alamance,   1 5 14 3 1 4 1 1 3    
Alexander,     3 11 15 2            
Alleghany,         10              
Anson,   1 3 24 12              
Ashe,       10 20           2  
Beaufort,   4 1 5 1              
Bertie,   2   5 16              
Bladen,     6 16 13              
Brunswick,   1   10 12              
Buncombe, 1 4 4 23 21             2
Burke,   1 3 17 15            
Cabarrus,     8 12 3 8            
Caldwell,   2 1 17 20 2            
Camden,       3 3              
Carteret,   1   12 9              
Caswell,     4 11 13              
Catawba,   2 2 21 11 12     8      
Chatham,   2 2 25 22   4 2        
Cherokee,   1 1 14 13             
Chowan,                        
Clay,                        
Cleaveland,   1 1 21 25       1      
Columbus, 1   1 11 28              
Craven, 1 1 1 9 3              
Cumberland, 1 3 14 10 16              
Currituck,       7 6              
Dare,       9 2              
Davidson,   1 2 7 9 8   1 2      
Davie,     3 26 5 2     1     1
Duplin,     3 6 13              
Edgecombe,   1 1 9 16   1          
Forsythe,   1 1 20 7       10      
Franklin,   1 4 17 23              
Gaston, 1 1 8 16 4 6            
Gates,   3   10 8   1          
Graham,       3 3              
Granville,   11 7 21 41   2          
Greene,   1   13 19              
Guilford, 1 1 7 37 9 5   5        
Halifax, 1 4 1 39 39              
Harnett,     6 17 19              
Haywood,   1 2 21 13              
Henderson,     2 15 21              
Hertford,   2   6 20              
Hyde,   3   8 6              
Iredell,                        
Jackson,       7 6              


Page 5

COUNTIES SCHOOLS. COLLEGES 
  No. White.No. Colored.MALEFEMALE.
Alamance, 4523Graham High School. 
Alexander, 489  
Alleghany, 42  
Anson, 2816  
Ashe, 1003  
Beaufort, 2020  
Bertie, 4736  
Bladen, 1215  
Brunswick, 1210  
Buncombe, 40163. Weav'lle, Candler, Leicester,1, Asheville,
Burke, 47 41. Rutherford College  
Cabarrus, 31171. North Carolina College.1, Mt. Pleasant,
Caldwell,  11. Finley High School.1, Davenport F. College.
Camden, 139  
Carteret, 62  
Caswell, 2228  
Catawba, 54181. Catawba College. 
Chatham, 2415  
Cherokee, 384  
Chowan, 2214  
Clay,     
Cleaveland, 65164. Male and Female. 
Columbus, 5628Whiteville M. & F. Academy.
Craven,     
Cumberland, 50202. Little River & Donaldson.Fayetteville High School.
Currituck, 771. Indian Ridge Academy. 
81  
Davidson, 611. Yadkin College.1. Thomasville.
Davie, 75  
Duplin, 12 5. M. and F. High Schools. 
Edgecombe, 14161. Tarboro.1. Tarboro.
Forsythe, 7017 1. Salem Seminary.
Franklin, 2410 1. Louisburg College.
Gaston, 5020  
Gates, 127  
Graham, 10   
Granville, 6044  
Greene, 104  
Guilford, 8040 1. Greensboro F. College.
Halifax, 4940  
Harnett, 4   
Haywood, 413  
Henderson, 4110  
Hertford, 2520 2. Wesleyan Chowan Bap't.
Hyde, 8   
Iredell, 75201. Olin.1. Simonton.
Jackson, 373  


Page 6

        
COUNTIES. BENEVOLENT AND CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS. Public Bridges.
Alamance,   11
Alexander,    
Alleghany,   1
Anson, 1, Poor House, 3 Masonic, 1 Odd Fellow Lodge. 33
Ashe, Poor House 1.  
Beaufort, Poor House 1. 12
Bertie, Poor House 1. 9
Bladen,   9
Brunswick,   13
Buncombe, Western North Carolina Orphan Asylum. 3
Burke, Western Insane Asylum (Morganton.) 1
Cabarrus, Poor House 1. 16
Caldwell,   23
Camden, Masonic Lodges 2, Odd Fellows 3. 1
Carteret,   7
Caswell, Masonic Lodge 1. 18
Catawba,   2
Chatham, Poor House 1. 28
Cherokee,   9
Chowan, Masonic Lodges 2, Good Templars 1. 7
Clay,    
Cleaveland,   10
Columbus, 3, Masonic, 2 Odd Fellows.  
Craven,   10
Cumberland, Poor House 1, Masons, Odd Fellows, &c., 8. 30
Currituck,   6
Dare,    
Davidson,   21
Davie, 3 Masonic Lodges. 11
Duplin, 3 Masonic Lodges. 10
Edgecombe, 2 Poor Houses, 1 colored Insane Asylum. 12
Forsythe, 1 Bible and Tract Society, 1 Y. M. C. A. 6
Franklin, 3 Masonic Lodges, 2 Odd Fellows. 23
Gaston,   5
Gates 3 Masonic Lodges, 3 Good Templars. 8
Graham, 1 Good Templar Lodge.  
Granville, 1, Oxford Orphan Asylum. 65
Greene, 2 Masonic Lodges 2 Odd Fellows, 2 Good Tem'l. 22
Guilford, 1 Poor House, 5 Masonic Lodges, 2 O. F., 5 G. T. 50
Halifax,   77
Harnett,   20
Haywood, 1 Masonic Lodge.  
Henderson,   15
Hertford,   8
Hyde, 2 Masonic Lodges, 2 Good Templars, 1 Odd Fel. 16
Iredell,   12
Jackson,   3


Page 7

        
COUNTIES. TOWNS, VILLAGES AND POPULATION.
Alamance, Graham, (county seat) 480, Company Shops 800.
Alexander, Taylorsville 185, York Institute.
Alleghany, Sparta.
Anson, Wadesboro 900, Lilesville 300, Polkton 200, Ansonville 150.
Ashe, Jefferson 300, Ore Knob 500.
Beaufort, Washington, Bath, Aurora.
Bertie, Windsor 250, Woodville and Lewiston 100, Coleraine 50, Roxobel 50.
Bladen, Elizabethtown 100, Abbotsburg 150.
Brunswick, Smithville 900
Buncombe, Asheville 1,500, Leicester 100, Weaverville 100.
Burke, Morganton 1,000.
Cabarrus, Concord 1,500, Mt. Pleasont 500, Harrisburg 200.
Caldwell, Lenoir 600, Patterson 100.
Camden, South Mills 175.
Carteret, Beaufort 2,500, Morehead City 500, Newport 200.
Caswell, Yanceyville 600, Milton 700, Leasburg 250.
Catawba, Newton 500, Hickory 1,001, Conover, Catawba Station 112.
Chatham, Pittsboro 400, Haywood 200, Lockville 150, Egypt 150, Gulf 100.
Cherokee, Murphy 200.
Chowan,  
Clay,  
Cleaveland, Shelby 1,100, King's Mountain 275.
Columbus, Flemington, Bogue, Whiteville, Fair Bluff, Cerro Gordo.
Craven, Newbern 6,000.
Cumberland, Fayetteville 6,000.
Currituck, Crawford 40.
Dare,  
Davidson, Lexington 1,500, Thomasville 800, Yadkin College 200, Clemmonsville 250.
Davie, Mocksville 600.
Duplin,  
Edgecombe, Tarboro 1,700, Rocky Mount 50, Battleboro 300, Whitaker's 200, Sparta 100.
Forsythe, Winston 4,000, Salem 2,000, Kernersville 600.
Franklin, Louisburg 900, Franklinton 350, Youngsville 100.
Gaston, Dallas 800, Gastonia 100, Cherryville 50, Brevard's 50.
Gates Gatesville 300.
Graham, Robbinsville 1,000.
Granville, Ox'd 1,200, Hen'n 1,000, Kitt's 250, W'boro 150, T'ville 100, Tally Ho 50.
Greene, Snow Hill 400, Hookerton 300, Contentnea 20.
Guilford, Greensboro 3,500, Jamestown 300, High Point 500.
Halifax, Weld'n 700, Hal'x 540, Enf'd 600, Scot. N. 500, Palmyra 300, Littleton 150
Harnett, Lillington 200,
Haywood, Waynesville.
Henderson, Hendersonville 388.
Hertford, Murfreesboro 1,000, Winton 350, Harrellsville 200.
Hyde, Germantown, Nebraska, Middleton, Engelhard.
Iredell, Statesville 1,500.
Jackson, Webster 125.


Page 8

        
COUNTIES, PRINCIPAL KINDS OF TIMBERS.
Alamance, Oak and Hickory.
Alexander, Oak and White Pine.
Alleghaney, Oak, Chestnut, Poplar, Pine, Maple.
Anson, Oak, Hickory, Pine, Ash, Gum, Poplar, Birch, Maple.
Ashe, Oak, Walnut, Sugar Maple, Poplar, Cucumber, Hickory.
Beaufort, Pine, Oak, Cypress, Juniper.
Bertie, Pine, Oak, Cypress, Juniper, Ash, Gum.
Bladen, Pine, Oak, Cypress, Juniper.
Brunswick, Pine, Juniper, Cypress, Cedar, Live Oak, Ash.
Buncombe, Oak, Pine, Walnut, Poplar, White Pine, Hickory.
Burke, Oak, Pine, Walnut, White Pine, Hickory, Chestnut, Ash.
Cabarrus, Oak, Walnut, Ash, Poplar, Cedar, Maple, Hickory, Beech.
Caldwell, Oak, Walnut, Chestnut, White Pine, Hickory, Birch, Ash.
Camden, Pine, Oak, Gum.
Carteret, Pine, Oak, Cedar.
Caswell, Pine, Oak, Hickory, Walnut, Poplar, Chestnut.
Catawba, Pine, Oak, Hickory, Ashe, Chestnut, Walnut, Cherry.
Chatham, Oak, Hickory, Gum, Pine.
Cherokee, Oak, Hickory, Pine, Poplar, Walnut, Chestnut, Cherry.
Chowan, Oak, Pine, Juniper, Ash, Cypress, Hickory.
Clay,  
Cleaveland, Oak, Pine, Hickory, Chestnut.
Columbus, Pine, Cypress, Juniper, Oak.
Craven, Oak, Pine, Poplar, Cypress Gum.
Cumberland, Pine, Oak, Poplar, Hickory, Cypress, Juniper Ash.
Currituck, Pine, Cypress, Gum, Poplar, Oak, Juniper, Cedar.
Dare, Pine, Oak, Hickory, Cypress, Juniper.
Davidson, Oak, Hickory, Pine.
Davie, Oak, Hickory, Ash, Gum, Pine, Poplar.
Duplin, Pine, Oak, Poplar, Hickory, Ash.
Edgecombe, Pine, Cypress, Oak, Hickory, Ash, Poplar, Gum.
Forsythe, Oak, Hickory, Walnut, Pine, Cedar, Locust, Dogwood.
Franklin, Pine, Oak, Gum, Maple, Walnut, Hickory.
Gaston, Pine, Oak, Hickory.
Gates, Oak, Pine, Cypress, Juniper.
Graham, Locust, Chestnut, Oak, Cherry, Walnut, Pine, Linden.
Granville,  
Greene, Oak, Walnut, Chestnut, Pine, Hickory, Cedar, Locust.
Guilford, Pine, Oak, Hickory, Poplar, Cypress.
Halifax, Pine, Oak, Hickory, Poplar, Maple, Cypress, Juniper.
Harnett, Pine, Oak, Hickory.
Haywood, Ash, Oak, Hickory, Walnut, Maple, Cherry, Poplar.
Henderson, Oak, Pine, Poplar, Ash, Chestnut, Linden, Hickory.
Hertford, Pine, Cypress, Oak.
Hyde, Cypress, Pine, Gum, Maple, Holly, Juniper, Cedar, Oak.
Iredell, Oak, Hickory, Pine.
Jackson, Oak, Chestnut, Poplar, Hickory, Walnut.


Page 9

        
COUNTIES. MINERAL SPRINGS.   FACTORIES.          
    COTTON.     WOOL.     Carding Machines
    Number. Spindles, Looms, Number. Spindles. Looms.  
Alamance, 1 Sulphur and Iron. 6 14200 274       2
Alexander, 12 Sulphur and Iron. 1 500 12       2
Alleghaney, 1 Sulphur.             3
Anson, 3 Sulphur.       1     1
Ashe,               5
Beaufort, 4 Iron and Magnesia.              
Bertie,                
Bladen, 1              
Brunswick,               1
Buncombe, 2 Sulphur. Nnmerous Iron.       1     1
Burke, 1 Sulphur. 1 Alum.             3
Cabarrus, 1 Magnesia, 1 Sulphur, 2 Iron. 2 6000 75       2
Caldwell, 3 Sulphur, 1 Magnesia, several Iron. 1 720 18 1 240   2
Camden,                
Carteret,                
Caswell, 1 Iron, Alum, Lithia, Lime, Magnesia.              
Catawba, 2 Sulphur, many Iron. 2           3
Chatham, 4 Iron Springs. 1 18000 15       3
Cherokee, Many not analysed.             1
Chowan,                
Clay,                
Cleaveland, 11 Sulphur and Iron. 2 6
Columbus, 1 Sulphur.              
Craven,   1 1000          
Cumberland, 5 4 10450 145       2
Currituck,                
Dare,               2
Davidson, 2              
Davie,                
Duplin, 1              
Edgecombe,                
Forsythe, 1 Iron. 1     1      
Franklin, 2 Sulphur and Iron. 1 432         1
Gaston,   5 12500 250        
Gates, 10              
Graham,                
Granville, 3             1
Greene, 3             2
Guilford, Sulphur and Iron. 1 3600         5
Halifax, 3 Sulphur and Iron. 1            
Harnett, Iron Sulphu (many.)              
Haywood, 1 Sulphur, 4 Iron.             2
Henderson, 1.             1
Hertford,                
Hyde,                
Iredell,   2 1200 18       5
Jackson,                


Page 10

        
COUNTIES   MILLS.     MANUFACTORIES OF MACHINERY, IMPLEMENTS, FURNITURE, &C.
  GRAIN.   SAW.    
  Steam. Water. Steam. Water.  
Alamance,   40   24 Furniture 4.
Alexander,   30   20 Carding Machines and Furniture
Alleghany,   20   9 Furniture 4, Saddlery 1.
Anson, 6 20 5 5  
Ashe, 1 40 1 29 Furniture 3.
Beaufort, 6 11 5 11 Plows 1.
Bertie, 3 7 3 4  
Bladen,   23 2 8  
Brunswick, 1 10 1 1  
Buncombe, 1 46 3 44 Furniture 3.
Burke,   75 3 50  
Cabarrus, 5 34 4 12 Implements and Mach'y 2, Furn't. 8.
Caldwell, 1 50 2 39 Implements 1, Furniture 5.
Camden, 5 4 5 2  
Carteret, 2 3 2   Wind Mills 50.
Caswell,   15   13 Implements 2, Furniture 2.
Catawba,   47 2 38 Implements 1, Furniture 1, S. Fac. 1.
Chatham,   48 5 13 Implements 1.
Cherokee,   32 1 8  
Chowan, 4 4 3 4 Furniture 2.
Clay,          
Cleveland,   52 3 43 Machinery S. M. 1, Sash and Blind 2.
Columbus, 1 50 3 5 Furniture 1.
Craven, 12 6 6 5 Implements 4, Furniture 2.
Cumberland,   51 3 25 Furniture 4, Implements 2.
Currituck, 4 1 3   Wind Mills 9.
Dare,          
Davidson, 2 14 4 16 Implements 4.
Davie, 1 21 4 15  
Duplin, 2 20 5 8  
Edgecombe, 8 12 8 3 Implements 2, Door and Blind 1 Fur. 1
Forsythe, 2 28 8 11 Furniture 8, Implements 1.
Franklin, 1 20 7 9 Furniture 3, Implements 4.
Gaston,   23 5 14 Implements 1, Furniture 5.
Gates,   7   3  
Graham,   12   6  
Granville,   36 3 20 Implements 2.
Greene, 7 17 5 2  
Guilford, 2 50 3 20 Furn't. 4, Spoke and H. Fac. 4, Im. 6.
Halifax, 12 45 12 7 Furniture 3.
Harnett, 1 31 1 14  
Haywood,   41   19 Furniture 1.
Henderson,   17 1 17 Furniture 1, Saddlery 1.
Hertford, 2 7 4 5  
Hyde, 6 2 5   Implements 12.
Iredell,   29 3 29 Furniture 2.
Jackson,   11   17 Furniture 1.


Page 11

        
COUNTIES. GEN'L CHARACTER OF SOIL. Iron Furnaces. Foundries. Lime Kilns. MINES.     OTHER MINERALS.
          Gold. Silver. Copper  
Alamance, Mixed.   3   2     Copper is known to exist.
Alexander, Light Sandy.   1         Iron, Gold, Mica, Copper, Plumb'
Alleghany,         3     Copper, Plumbago, Iron.
Anson, Sandy, Clay, Slate.       3      
Ashe, Clay loam. 2         1  
Beaufort, Alluvial.              
Bertie, Light loam.              
Bladen, Sandy loam.              
Brunswick, Sandy and clay.              
Buncombe, Dark grey loam.   1         Mica.
Burke,         15     Plumbago, Mica, Iron.
Cabarrus, Mulatto, grey san'y. 2 2   4 1   Iron.
Caldwell, Dark grey loam,       5     Silver, Copper, Mica, Iron, Manganese, Asbestos.
Camden, Sandy and clay.           Silver, Copper, Mica, Iron, Manganese, Asbestos.  
Carteret, San'y, swamp loam.              
Caswell, Sandy and red.   2          
Catawba, Red. grey sandy. 3 1 2 1      
Chatham, Sandy to clay.   2   1     Iron, Gold, Copper, Coal.
Cherokee, Clay loam.     3       Gold, Silver, Iron, Lead, Manga'e
Chowan, San'y, rich bot. land              
Clay,                
Cleaveland, Grey and red.   1          
Columbus, San'y, swamp loam.              
Craven, Sandy loam.   2          
Cumberland, San'y, swa'p, river.   1          
Currituck, Sandy loam.              
Dare, Sandy.              
Davidson, Red clay and san'y.     4 4      
Davie, Red, black, grey.       1     Iron, Copper, Silver.
Duplin, Sandy, clay subsoil.              
Edgecombe, Grey loam, swamp.   2          
Forsythe, Grey, red clay.   1 4       Iron, Manganese.
Franklin,     2   1     Iron.
Gaston, Red, grey sandy.       4     Barytes, Iron, Manganese.
Gates, Sandy and clay.              
Graham, Sandy black loam.       1     Copper, Silver, Lead.
Granville, Sandy, clay, varied.   3         Gold, Silver.
Greene, San'y, loam cl'y sub.              
Guilford, Sand to red clay 1 4   11     Iron, Copper, Gold, Koline.
Halifax, Clay, sand, rocky.   2   1     Iron, Gold, Copper, Mica.
Harnett, San'y, clay subsoil.   1         Iron.
Haywood, Black loam.             Mica.
Henderson,   1   4       Gold, Silver, Mica, Lead, Copper.
Hertford, Clay.              
Hyde, Clay loam.     1        
Iredell, Red and grey.   1          
Jackson, Clay loam.       1     Graphite, Asbestos, Cop., Sil., M'a


Page 12

        
COUNTIES, Carriage & Wagon Manufactories. Marble. Granite. Sandstone. Soapstone. Mill Stone. Marls. Potteries Tanneries Fisheries. Turpentine Dist. Criminals, Aug. 1, 1876, to Aug. 1, 1877.  
                        White. Colored
Alamance, 7 No Yes No Yes Yes No 2 6     2 3
Alexander, 1 No Yes No Yes Yes No   8     3 1
Alleghany, 2 No No Yes Yes No No   3     75 8
Anson, 4 No Yes Yes No Yes No   5 6 1 22 27
Ashe,   No No Yes Yes Yes No   5     5 1
Beaufort, 2 No No No No No Yes     4 4    
Bertie, 1 No No No No No Yes     26      
Bladen,   No No No No No Yes       37 3 25
Brunswick,   No No No No No Yes   1 7 9   2
Buncombe,   Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No   5     9 3
Burke   No Yes Yes Yes Yes No 1 20     10 20
Cabarrus, 8 No No No No No No   4        
Caldwell, 2 No Yes Yes Yes Yes No 1 8       2
Camden,   No No No No No              
Carteret, 1 No No No No No Yes     16 5    
Caswell, 6 No Yes No Yes No No   3     15 50
Catawba, 6 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No 10 14     28 40
Chatham, 3 No Yes Yes Yes Yes No   9     17 59
Cherokee,   Yes No   Yes No No   4     7 1
Chowan, 6 No No No No No Yes     14   2 20
Clay,                          
Cleaveland, 2               30     1 3
Columbus, 1           Yes       34   2
Craven, 2 No No No No No Yes       6    
Cumberland, 4     Yes       1     35 1 22
Currituck,   No No No No No Yes     20     1
Dare,             Yes     7      
Davidson, 3               5       6
Davie, 2 No Yes Yes Yes Yes No 1 7     9 17
Duplin, 1           Yes   1 5 11    
Edgecembe, 1 No No No No No Yes     3   25 325
Forsythe, 12 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No 3 8     35 34
Franklin, 5 No Yes   Yes Yes No   2       23
Gaston, 7 No Yes No No No No   8     16 14
Gates, 1           Yes     1   6 2
Graham,   Yes No Yes Yes Yes No         25  
Granville, 1   Yes   Yes                
Greene, 5           Yes     6   25 44
Guilford, 8   Yes Yes Yes   No 1 10     12 68
Halifax, 6   Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes   22 1      
Harnett,       Yes             12 9 9
Haywood, 2         Yes     3        
Henderson, 1   Yes Yes Yes Yes   2 4     6 5
Hertford, 3           Yes     6     1
Hyde, 4           Yes            
Iredell, 5   Yes No No No No   5     2 1
Jackson, 1   Yes Yes Yes Yes     4     1 1


Page 13

        
COUNTIES. SURFACE. STAPLE CROPS.
Alamance, Undulating. Corn, wheat, rye, oats, cotton, tobacco.
Alexander, Hilly. Corn, wheat, oats.
Alleghany,   Corn rye, oats, wheat, buckwheat.
Anson,   Cotton, corn, wheat, oats, rye, potatoes.
Ashe, Hilly and mountain. Corn, wheat, rye, oats, hay, buckwheat.
Beaufort, Level. Cotton, corn, potatoes.
Bertie, Level. Corn, cotton.
Bladen, Slightly undulating. Corn, rye, oats, potatoes, peas, cotton.
Brunswick, Level. Cotton, corn, potatoes, peanuts, rice.
Buncombe, Mountainous, Corn, wheat, oats, rye, tobacco, grass, b. wheat.
Burke Mount's and hilly. Corn, wheat, rye, oats, potatoes, hay, sorghum.
Cabarrus, Undulating. Cotton, corn, wheat, oats, clover, and grasses.
Caldwell, Mountainous, hilly. Corn, wheat, oats, rye, cotton, peas, rice, tobacco.
Camden, Level. Corn, oats, peas, potatoes.
Carteret, Level. Corn, cotton, potatoes.
Caswell, Undulating. Corn, wheat, oats, tobacco.
Catawba, Undulating. Corn, wheat, oats, rye, tobacco, clover, grasses.
Chatham, Undulating & hilly. Wheat, corn cotton, hay tobacco.
Cherokee, Rough and broken. Corn, wheat, hay, rye, oats.
Chowan, Level. Cotton, corn.
Clay,    
Cleaveland, Hilly. Corn, wheat, oats, cotton, potatoes.
Columbus, Level. Corn, cotton, peas, potatoes, rice.
Craven, Level. Corn, cotton, peas, potatoes.
Cumberland, Slightly undulating. Corn, cotton, potatoes, peas, wheat, rye, oats.
Currituck, Level. Corn, oats, wheat, potatoes, melons.
Dare, Level. Corn, potatoes.
Davidson, Hilly, Wheat, corn, oats, tobacco.
Davie, Undulating. Corn, tobacco, cotton, wheat, rye, oats.
Duplin, Level. Cotton, corn, sweet potatoes, peas.
Edgecembe, Level, Corn, cotton, peas, potatoes, wheat, oats.
Forsythe, Hilly & undulating. Corn, wheat, oats, rye, tobacco, potatoes.
Franklin, Undulating & level. Corn, cotton, wheat, oats, tobacco.
Gaston, Hilly. Corn, cotton, wheat, oats.
Gates, Level. Corn, wheat, oats, rye, potatoes, peas, cotton.
Graham, Mountainous. Corn, rye, wheat, oats, buckwheat, grasses.
Granville, Undulating. Tobacco, wheat, corn, oats, rye, grasses.
Greene, Level. Corn, cotton, wheat, oats. grasses, rye, peas, po's.
Guilford, Hilly & undulating. Wheat, tobacco, corn, oats, grasses.
Halifax, Level & undulating. Wheat, oats, cotton, corn, rye, b. wh't, clo'r, po's
Harnett, Level and hilly. Corn, wheat, cotton, potatoes, peas, oats, rye.
Haywood, Undulating. Corn, wheat, oats, grasses.
Henderson, Undulating. Corn, oats, wheat, potatoes, rye.
Hertford, Level. Corn, cotton, wheat, oats, peas, potatoes.
Hyde, Level. Corn, wheat, oats, peas, potatoes, cotton.
Iredell, Undulating. Tobacco, corn, cotton, wheat.
Jackson, Mountainous. Corn, rye, wheat, oats.


Page 14

        
COUNTIES, FRUITS. Private Fish Ponds.
Alamance, Apples, peaches, pears, apricots, cherries, grapes.  
Alexander, Apples, peaches, in fact all kinds.  
Alleghaney, Apples, pears, plums.  
Anson, Apples, peaches, grapes, strawberries. 2
Ashe, Apples, cherries.  
Beaufort, Peaches, plums, grapes.  
Bertie, Apples, strawberries, melons, grapes.  
Bladen, Grapes, apples, peaches.  
Brunswick Apples, grapes, pears. 1
Buncombe, Apples, grapes, peaches.  
Burke, Apples, grapes, pears, plums, peaches. 3
Cabarrus, Apples, peaches, pears, plums, grapes, berries. 7
Caldwell, Apples, pears, peaches, grapes, b. berries, Apricots. 1
Camden, Apples, peaches,  
Carteret, Apples. 1
Caswell, Apples, peaches, pears, grapes, plums.  
Catawba, Apples, peaches, cherries, grapes, strawberries. 2
Chatham, Apples, peaches, pears, plums, cherries, berries. 5
Cherokee, Apples, pears, peaches, and small fruits.  
Chowan, Pears, grapes, peaches, apples.  
Clay,    
Cleaveland, Apples, peaches, grapes.  
Columbus, Grapes, apples, peaches, plums, figs, cherries. 2
Craven, Apples, peaches berries.  
Cumberland, Apples, peaches, grapes, plums. 3
Currituck, Peaches, pears, apples, cranberries, blackberries.  
Dare, Apples, peaches, pears, watermelons.  
Davidson, Apples, peaches, blackberries.  
Davie, Apples, peaches, pears, quince, cherries, plums. 1
Duplin, Apples, peaches. 3
Edgecombe, Peaches, pears, apples, grapes. 4
Forsythe, Apples, pears, peaches, apricots, cherries, grapes, plums. 1
Franklin, Grapes, apples, pears, peaches, plums. cherries. 1
Gaston, Grapes, apples.  
Gates, Apples, peaches, pears, grapes, plums, cherries.  
Graham, Apples, peaches, pears, berries.  
Granville, All kinds.  
Greene, Apples peaches, pears, plums, grapes.  
Guilford, Apples, pears, grapes, in fact all fruits of the climate.  
Halifax, Peaches, grapes, apples, pears, cherries, plums. 2
Harnett, Apples, peaches, grapes.  
Haywood, Apples. 3
Henderson, Apples, cherries, peaches, plums.  
Hertford, Apples, pears, peaches, grapes.  
Hyde, Apples, peaches, grapes, pears, plums.  
Iredell, Apples.  
Jackson, Apples.  


Page 15

         The foregoing pages comprise 47 counties--one-half of the number in the State. The following pages contain similar statistics for the remaining counties.


Page 16

        
COUNTIES.         CHURCHES.              
  Roman Catholic. Episcopal. Presbyterian. Methodist. Baptist. Lutheran. Christian. Quakers. German Reformed. Union. Dunkers, Campbellites
Johnston,       10 30   2          
Jones,     1 5 2              
Lenoir,   2 1 15 32              
Lincoln,   3 4 30 9 5     2      
Macon,     2 11 6              
Madison,                        
Martin,                        
McDowell,     3 18 12              
Mecklenburg,                        
Mitchell,       7 21           1  
Montgomery     2 20 9   2          
Moore,                        
Nash,   1 1 10 11              
N. Hanover,                        
Northampton   1   12 14     2        
Onslow,     2 8 13              
Orange,                        
Pamlico,       6 16              
Pasquotank,   2   10 8              
Pender,                        
Perquimans,   2   13 13              
Person,       12 12              
Pitt,   2   4 21              
Polk,     1 7 3              
Randolph,     1 61 8 1 5 7        
Richmond,     10 14 8              
Robeson,     15 15 15              
Rockingham,   2 5 17 19              
Rowan,   4 10 17 7 16     5      
Kutherford,   1 3 26 29              
Sampson, 1 1 5 16 25   3          
Stanly,       20 16 3            
Stokes,       12 9             2
Surry,     2 27 25     2        
Swain,     1 4 9              
Transylvania   1 2 6 13              
Tyrrel,   1   5 2              
Union,   1 4 33 24 1            
Wake,                        
Warren,                        
Washington   3   7 8              
Watauga,   1   6 11 2            
Wayne, 1 1 3 12 15              
Wilkes,   2 1 28 56              
Wilson,   1   10 23              
Yadkin,       10 12 2            
Yancey,       8 20              


Page 17

        
COUNTIES. SCHOOLS.   COLLEGES.  
  No White. No. Colored. MALE. FEMALE.
Johnston, 78 29    
Jones, 20 18    
Lenoir, 24 13    
Lincoln, 35 10 1. Lincoln Academy. 2. Male and Fe.
Macon,        
Madison, 27 3 2. Male and Female.  
Martin,        
McDowell, 12 7    
Mecklenburg        
Mitchell, 36 2    
Montgomery 8      
Moore,        
Nash, 5 10    
N. Hanover,        
Northampt'n 17 8    
Onslow, 20 7 1. Richland Male & Fe.  
Orange,        
Pamlico, 21 9    
Pasquotank, 35 18    
Pender,        
Perquimans, 22 17    
Person, 18 18    
Pitt, 51 32    
Polk, 4 2    
Randolph, 60 15 1. Trinity College.  
Richmond, 12 8    
Robeson, 49 23   1. Floral College.
Rockingham 12      
Rowan, 76 33
Rutherford, 50 17    
Sampson, 73 20   1. Clinton F Inst.
Stanly, 44 8    
Stokes, 55 15    
Surry, 5 1    
Swain, 20 1    
Transylvania 1      
Tyrrell, 12 8    
Union, 56 8    
Wake,        
Warren,       1.
Washington, 24 14    
Watauga,        
Wayne, 50 40 1.  
Wilkes, 94 18 3. Male and Female.  
Wilson, 8 1 1. Mixed. 1.
Yadkin, 4      
Yancey, 25   1.  


Page 18

        
COUNTIES. BENEVOLENT AND CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS. Public Bridges.
Johnston,   40
Jones,   8
Lenoir, 3, Masons, Odd Fellows and Friends of Temp. 14
Lincoln,   8
Macon,   3
Madison,    
Martin,    
McDowell,    
Mecklenburg    
Mitchell,    
Montgomery 1 Masonic Lodge, 1 Pee Dee Relief Association. 6
Moore,    
Nash, Poor House 1.  
N. Hanover,    
Northampt'n Poor House 1. 47
Onslow, Masonic Lodge 1. 6
Orange,    
Pamlico,   6
Pasquotank, Poor House 1. 5
Pender,    
Perquimans, 1 Poor House, 1 Masonic Lodge, 1O.F., 7 G.T. 15
Person,   15
Pitt, 2 Masonic Lodges, 1 Odd F., 1 K. of P., 3 F. of T. 27
Polk,    
Randolph,   14
Richmond, 1 Masonic Lodge, 5 Temperance Societies. 20
Robeson,   25
Rockingham 6 Masonic Lodges, 5 Good Templars, 1 Odd Fel. 16
Rowan,   43
Rutherford, Poor House 1. 11
Sampson, Poor House 1. 37
Stanly,   3
Stokes, 4 Masonic Lodges. 4
Surry, 3 Masonic Lodges. 1
Swain,    
Transylvania   7
Tyrrel,   5
Union,   9
Wake,    
Warren, 1 Poor House.  
Washington, 1 Masonic, 2 Odd Fellow Lodge, 1 G. Samaritan. 4
Wautauga, 1 Masonic Lodge, 2 Friends of Temperance.  
Wayne,   7
Wiikos, 1 Poor House, 2
Wilson, 5 Masonic, 4 Odd F., 4 G. T., 1 Knights of P. 36
Yadkin, 3 Masonic Lodges. 5
Yancey,    


Page 19

        
COUNTIES. TOWNS, VILLAGES AND POPULATION.
Johnston, Smithfield 400, Clayton 220, Selma 290, Pine Level 200, Princeton 210.
Jones, Trenton 100, Pollocksville 50.
Lenoir, Kinston, 1,500, La Grange 350.
Lincoln, Lincolnton 1,100, Denver 200.
Macon, Franklin 300.
Madison, Marshal 160.
Martin,  
McDowell, Marion 700, Old Fort 300.
Mecklenburg  
Mitchell, Bakersville 500.
Montgomery Troy 100.
Moore,  
Nash, Nashville 150, Battleboro 60, Castalia 50, Rocky Mount 600.
N. Hanover,  
Northampt'n Jackson 200, Seabord 50.
Onslow, Richland 125, Jacksonville 100, Swansboro 200.
Orange,  
Pamlico,  
Pasquotank, Elizabeth City 3,000.
Pender,  
Perquimans, Hertford 600.
Person, Roxboro 500.
Pitt, Greenville 1,200, Marlboro 125, Farmville 100, Bethel 50.
Polk, Columbus 150.
Randolph, Ashboro 275, Cedar Falls 300, Franklinsville 400, Trin. C. 200, Columbia 250.
Richmond, Rockingham 1,200, Laurinburg 50.
Robeson, Lumberton 800, Shoe Heel 200.
Rockingham Leaksville 700, Madison 300, Wentworth 200, Reidsville 1,200, Ruffin 125.
Rowan,  
Rutherford, Rutherfordton 476, Burnt Chimney 125.
Sampson, Clinton 800.
Stanly, Albemarle 400, Big Lick, 50, Centre 75.
Stokes, Danbury 260, Germantown 250, Prestonville 100.
Surry, Dobson 200, MtAiry 500, Elkin 100.
Swain, Charleston.
Transylvania Brevard 300.
Tyrrel. Columbia 200.
Union, Monroe 2,500, Griffinsville 50.
Wake,  
Warren, Warrenton.
Washington,  
Wautauga, Boone.
Wayne, Goldsboro 3,500, Fremont 700, Mt. Olive 231.
Wiikos, Wilkesboro 200.
Wilson, Wilson 2,500, Toisnot 350, Black Creek 20, Statonsburg 100, Saratoga 100.
Yadkin, Huntsville, Yadkinville, Jonesville, East Bend, Hamptonville.
Yancey,  


Page 20

        
COUNTIES. PRINCIPAL KINDS OF TIMBERS.
Johnston, Pine, oak, hickory.
Jones, Pine, oak, ash, beech, cypress, juniper, hickory, poplar.
Lenoir, Pine, oak, hickory, gum, cypress, ash, maple.
Lincoln, Oak, pine, hickory, chestnut, poplar, ash, walnut, maple.
Macon, Oak, hickory, poplar, cherry, buckeye.
Madison, Oak, pine, ash, poplar, hickory, birch, walnut, chestnut.
Martin,  
McDowell, Oak, hickory, poplar, walnut chestnut.
Mecklenburg,  
Mitchell, Poplar, oak, chestnut, walnut, ash.
Montgomery Pine, oak, hickory, ash.
Moore,  
Nash, Pine, cypress, oak, gum, dogwood.
N. Hanover,  
Northampton Oak, pine, cypress, ash, hickory.
Onslow, Pine, oak, hickory, ash, juniper, cypress.
Orange,  
Pamlico, Pine poplar, ash, gum, oak, holly, beech.
Pasquotank, Pine, oak, cypress, juniper, poplar, ash, gum.
Pender,  
Perquimans, Pine, oak, ash, gum, poplar, hickory, maple, juniper, cypress.
Person, Pine, poplar, ash, walnut, hickory.
Pitt, Pine, oak, cypress, hickory, gum, poplar.
Polk, All kinds common to that section of the State.
Randolph, Oak, hickory, pine, poplar, walnut.
Richmond, Oak, pine.
Robeson, Pine, oak, hickory, cypress.
Rockingham, Oak, hickory, pine.
Rowan, Oak, hickory, ash, walnut, maple, poplar, pine.
Rutherford, Oak, walnut, poplar, maple, hickory, ash, pine, cherry.
Sampson, Pine, oak, poplar, hickory, ash, walnut, cypress, juniper.
Stanly, Oak, hickory, pine.
Stokes, Pine, oak, chestnut, hickory, walnut, poplar.
Surry, Chestnut, pine, poplar, hickory, walnut, locust, oak, cherry.
Swain, Walnut, oak, poplar, pine, birch, beech, ash.
Transylvania Oak, ash, hickory, chestnut, walnut, maple, gum, pine.
Tyrrel, Pine, oak, juniper, cypress.
Union, Pine oak, hickory.
Wake,  
Warren, Oak, pine, poplar, persimmon, walnut, hickory, ash, maple.
Washington, Cypress, juniper, pine, oak, poplar, ash.
Watauga, Oak, chestnut, poplar, pine, sugar maple, cherry, walnut.
Wayne, Oak, ash, hickory, pine, maple, juniper, poplar, walnut, cyp's
Wilkes, Oak, pine, chestnut, hickory, walnut, poplar.
Wilson, Pine, oak, hickory, ash, cypress, gum.
Yadkin, Hickory, poplar, ash, oak.
Yancey. Poplar, oak, chestnut, hickory, sugar maple, buckeye.


Page 21

        
COUNTIES. MINERAL SPRINGS   FACTORIES.         Carding Machines.
    COTTON.     WOOL.      
    Number. Spindles, Looms, Number. Spindles. Looms.  
Johnston,   1 1300         1
Jones,                
Lenoir,                
Lincoln, 1 Sodium potassium and lime, 2 sulp'r. 1 1500 26       4
Macon, Many Iron.             1
Madison, Several Warm Springs.             1
Martin,                
McDowell, 2 Sulphur. 1           1
Mecklenburg,                
Mitchell,               4
Montgomery, 2 Sulphur and Iron. 2 872 12       2
Moore,                
Nash,   1 4000 64        
N. Hanover,                
Northampton                
Onslow, 2 Sulphur, 4 Alum and Sulphur.              
Orange,                
Pamlico,                
Pasquotank,                
Pender,                
Perquimans,               1
Person, 4.              
Pitt,                
Polk, Many. 5 5100 279       1
Randolph, 1 Iron. 3 8000 300       4
Richmond, 2 Iron.              
Robeson. 6. 1 3632 80       3
Rockingham, 10 Iron.             4
Rowan, 1 Sulphur.             9
Rutherford, 2 Iron.             2
Sampson, Lime and Alum.              
Stanly, 10.             1
Stokes, 9 Sulphur, Iron and Lime. 3 6000 24       1
Surry, 1 Sulphur, 3 Iron.             4
Swain,                
Transylvania,               2
Tyrrel,                
Union,               2
Wake,                
Warren,                
Washington, Shocco, Jones, White Sulphur & others.              
Watauga, 1.             4
Wayne, Several Iron.             1
Wilkes, 5 Sulphur, Alum, &c.             3
Wilson, 14 Iron and Magnesia, 1 Sulphur.              
Yadkin, 2.             1
Yancey. 1 Iron.             3


Page 22

        
COUNTIES,   MILLS. MANUFACTORIES OF MACHINERY, IMPLEMENTS, FURNITURE, &C.
  GRAIN.   SAW.    
  Steam. Water. Steam. Water.  
Johnston, 14 52 16 18 Implements 1.
Jones, 1 8 2 3  
Lenoir, 4 16 7 6 Implements 1.
Lincoln,   30 2 30 Furniture 5.
Macon,   6   8 Furniture 1, Implements 1.
Madison,   40   30 Furniture 3, &c.
Martin,          
McDowell, 1 25 2 15  
Mecklenburg          
Mitchell,   32   16  
Montgomery 5 26 4 13 Furniture 2.
Moore,          
Nash,   24 3 12  
N. Hanover,          
Northampt'n 5 19 5 2  
Onslow, 4 14 6 4 2 Wind Mills.
Orange,          
Pamlico, 6 1 3 1  
Pasquotank, 4 3 6 2 Furniture 2.
Pender,          
Perquimans, 9 4 10 1  
Person,   20   18 Implements 1.
Pitt, 8 14 11 4 Implements 4.
Polk,   12   5  
Randolph, 1 58 2 37 Furniture 5, Bobbin 1, Sash and B. 1.
Richmond, 25 25 3 30 Furniture 3.
Robeson, 4 45 4 13  
Rockingham 1 37 1 14 Implements 1.
Rowan, 1 16 2 7 Implements 2.
Rutherford,   45   22 Furniture 5.
Sampson, 5 56 8 25 Implements 1.
Stanly, 2 26 2 11 Furniture 3.
Stokes,   60 1 35 Furniture 1.
Surry,   46   30 Shoe F. 1, Furniture 4, Sash and B. 1.
Swain,   13   5  
Transylvania   23   12  
Tyrrell, 3   5    
Union, 2 38 6 22  
Wake,          
Warren,          
Washington, 4 4 2    
Watauga,   29   18 Furniture 2, Shingle Factory 2.
Wayne, 10 8 7   Implements 2, Furniture 1, S. & B. 2.
Wilkes,   95   54 1 Organs, Melodians, Mill Fixtures.
Wilson, 5 25 4 7 Furniture 1, D., S. & B. 1, Imple's. 3.
Yadkin,   23 1 4  
Yancey,   25   12  


Page 23

        
GENERAL CHARACTER OF SOIL. Iron Furnaces. Foundries. Lime Kilns. MINES     OTHER MINERALS.
          Gold. Silver. Copper.  
Johnston, Sandy, loam cl'y sub.              
Jones, Sandy loam.              
Lenoir, San'y, swamp loam.              
Lincoln, Red & grey granite   1 1 4   1 Oil stone, mica, asbestos, iron
Macon, Red clay.             Iron, mica, corundum, copper.
Madison, Rich.             Iron, mica.
Martin,                
McDowell, Light grey & clay             Iron, copper, silver, mica, lead.
Mecklenburg                
Mitchell, Loam. 2            
Montgomery Varied, sand to clay       7     Iron.
Moore,                
Nash, Varied.       1      
N. Hanover,                
Northampt'n Varied.              
Onslow, San'y loam cl'y sub.              
Orange,                
Pamlico, Black loam cl'y sub.              
Pasquotank, Alluvial sandy.              
Pender,                
Perquimans, Sandy and clay.              
Person, Sandy loam, red cl'y              
Pitt, San'y loam, cl'y sub             Pyrites, iron.
Polk, Clay.       5     Iron ore.
Randolph, Red clay and sandy             Gold, silver, copper, iron.
Richmond, Clay and sandy. 1 2          
Robeson, Clay and sandy,              
Rockingham Grey.             Coal.
Rowan, Red clay.   2   2     Copper, silver.
Rutherford, Clay and grey san'y       7     Iron, gold, cop., mica, plum., cor.
Sampson, Sandy, clay subsoil.     1        
Stanly, Red and gravelly.       4     Zinc.
Stokes, Red and grey.     1       Lead, Coal, Mica, Iron, Manganese, Asbestos.
Surry, Red and grey. 5 1         Lead, Coal, Mica, Iron, Manganese, Asbestos.
Swain, Black soil.       3     Sil., lead, copper, mica, saltpetre.
Transylvania Clay and bot. alluv.     6       Mica, copper, iron.
Tyrrell, Sandy, rich swamp.              
Union, Grey slate sand cl'y             Gold.
Wake,                
Warren, Clay to sand loam.   1         Gold.
Washington, Clay subsoil.              
Watauga, Very rich.             Iron, mica, plum., gold, silv., cop.
Wayne, Sandy and clay.   1          
Wilkes, Black sandy loam.           1 Gold, mica, graph., manganese.
Wilson, Sandy to clay.   1         Iron.
Yadkin, Clay. 1   1       Iron.
Yancey, Rich.             Mica.


Page 24

        
COUNTIES, Carriage & Wagon Manufactories Marble. Granite. Sandstone. Soapstone. Mill Stone. Marls. Potteries. Tanneries. Fisheries. Turpentine Dist.Criminals, Aug. 1, 1876, to Aug. 1, 1877.  
COUNTIES,             White. Colored
Johnston, 1               1   16 26 34
Jones,           Yes             2
Lenoir, 4           Yes     17 3   19
Lincoln, 14 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No 5 7     72 38
Macon,   Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No   6       1
Madison,   Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No         1  
Martin,                          
McDowell, 1 No Yes Yes Yes Yes No   5       1
Mecklenburg                          
Mitchell, 1 No Yes No Yes Yes No   5     32  
Montgomery 4 No No Yes Yes Yes No   3 6 3 23 10
Moore,                          
Nash, 1 No Yes No No Yes Yes       2 25 25
N. Hanover,                          
Northampt'n 1           Yes   3        
Onslow,   No No No No Yes Yes     9 5   1
Orange,                          
Pamlico,   No No No No No Yes         1 1
Pasquotank, 2                 15   9 11
Pender,                          
Perquimans, 3 No No No No No No   1 3      
Person, 6 No No No Yes No No   4     14 8
Pitt, 3 No Yes No No No Yes     9     14
Polk,   No Yes Yes Yes Yes     3     4 6
Randolph, 6 No Yes Yes Yes Yes No 7 14     24 8
Richmond, 4 No Yes Yes No No No   1 1 10 1  
Robeson, 4           Yes       36 40 50
Rockingham 3 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes     3        
Rowan, 4   Yes Yes Yes Yes     5     29 23
Rutherford, 35   Yes Yes Yes Yes   2 10     28 12
Sampson, 2           Yes       15 11 25
Stanly, 4 No No Yes No No No   2 9     2
Stokes, 6 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No   6     2 10
Surry, 3 No Yes Yes Yes Yes No   4     75 40
Swain,         Yes Yes              
Transylvania   No Yes Yes Yes Yes No   2        
Tyrrel, 4                 11   13 3
Union,     Yes   Yes     2 3     45 49
Wake,                          
Warren,     Yes   Yes       2        
Washington, 3 No No No No No Yes     1   5 17
Watauga, 1 No Yes Yes Yes Yes No   2       1
Wayne, 3           Yes       14 3 48
Wilkes,   No Yes Yes Yes Yes No 1 12     60 13
Wilson, 3   Yes   Yes Yes Yes   1 4 3 2 20
Yadkin, 3               2        
Yancey,           Yes     3     3  


Page 25

        
COUNTIES, SURFACE. STAPLE CROPS.
Johnston, Level. Cotton, corn.
Jones, Level. Corn, peas, cotton, rice, potatoes, wheat, rye, oats.
Lenoir, Slightly undulating. Corn, rice, cotton, wheat, rye, oats, peas, potat's.
Lincoln, Undulating. Corn, wheat, oats, cotton, tobacco, peas, rye.
Macon, Mountainous. Corn, wheat, rye, oats, potatoes.
Madison, Hilly and mountain. Corn, wheat, tobacco.
Martin,    
McDowell, Undulating. Corn, wheat, oats, tobacco.
Mecklenburg    
Mitchell,   Corn, wheat, oats, rye, flax, grasses.
Montgomery Hilly. Corn, wheat, oats, cotton.
Moore,    
Nash, Level & undulating. Corn, cotton, potatoes, peas.
N. Hanover,    
Northampt'n, Undulating. Corn, wheat, cotton, peas, oats, rye.
Onslow, Level. Corn, cotton, peas, peanuts, sweet potatoes.
Orange,    
Pamlico, Level. Corn, tobacco, cotton, potatoes, rice, peas, wheat.
Pasquotank, Level. Corn, cotton, flax, oats, peas, potatoes.
Pender,    
Perquimans, Level.  
Person, Undulating. Tobacco, corn, wheat, oats, potatoes.
Pitt, Undulating. Corn, cotton, oats, peas, potatoes, wheat, rye.
Polk, Hilly & undulating. Corn, sorghum, oats, rye, wheat, cotton, tobacco.
Randolph, Hilly. Corn, wheat, oats, grasses, clover, turnips.
Richmond, Level & undulating. Corn, cotton.
Robeson, Level. Corn, cotton, peas.
Rockingham Hilly, Tobacco, corn, wheat, oats.
Rowan, Undulating. Corn, wheat, oats, cotton, tobacco.
Rutherford, Hilly & undulating. Corn, cotton, wheat, sorghum, oats, tobacco, potat's.
Sampson, Level. Corn, cotton, peas, potatoes, oats, wheat, rye, grasses
Stanly, Undulating. Corn, wheat, oats, cotton.
Stokes, Mountainous, hilly. Corn, tobacco, wheat, rye, oats, potatoes, grasses.
Surry, Mountainous, Corn, wheat, rye, tobacco.
Swain, Mountainous. Wheat, corn, rye, oats, sorghum.
Transylvania Mountainous. Corn, rye, wheat, buckwheat, oats.
Tyrrel. Level. Corn, cotton, peas, potatoes.
Union, Undulating. Corn, cotton, wheat, oats.
Wake,    
Warren, Undulating. Tob'o, corn, cot'n, wh't, oats, rye, potat's, sorghum
Washington, Level, Corn, cotton, wheat, potatoes.
Watauga, Mountainous. Corn, wheat, rye, oats, buckwheat, potatoes.
Wayne, Level. Corn, cotton, rye, wheat, oats, potatoes.
Wilkes, Mount's and hilly. Corn, wheat, rye, oats, tobacco, potatoes.
Wilson, Undulating & level. Corn, cotton, wheat, oats, rye, potatoes, peas, grasses
Yadkin, Hilly. Corn, wheat, rye, oats, tobacco.
Yancey, Mountainous. Wheat, corn, oats, rye.


Page 26

        
COUNTIES, FRUITS. Private Fish Ponds.
Johnston, Apples, peaches, grapes.  
Jones, Apples, peaches, plums, Nectarines, pears, grapes.  
Lenoir, Peaches, apples, grapes, cherries, plums, strawber'. 4
Lincoln, Apples, grapes, peaches. 3
Macon, Apples, cherries, plums, strawberries.  
Madison, Apples, peaches, grapes, berries.  
Martin,    
McDowell, Apples, peaches, 1
Mecklenburg    
Mitchell, Apples.  
Montgomery Apples, peaches, cherries, plums, grapes.  
Moore,    
Nash, Apples, peaches, grapes. 4
N. Hanover,    
Northampt'n Apples, pears, peaches, melons, berries.  
Onslow, Apples, peaches, Scuppernong grapes. 1
Orange,    
Pamlico, Apples, grapes.  
Pasquotank, Apples, pears, peaches.  
Pender,    
Perquimans, Apples, peaches, grapes.  
Person, Apples, peaches, pears, plums, black & strawb's. 4
Pitt, Apples, peaches, pears, plums, grapes, berries. 15
Polk, All kinds especially in the "Thermal Belt."  
Randolph, Apples, peaches, pears, grapes.  
Richmond, Apples, peaches, 3
Robeson, Apples, grapes, peaches. 1
Rockingham Apples, peaches, pears, cherries.  
Rowan, Apples, peaches, pears, cherries. 2
Rutherford, Apples, pears, peaches, strawberries, cherries. 1
Sampson, Grapes, apples, peaches, pears, and all berries. 2
Stanly, Apples, peaches, pears, damson. 1
Stokes, Apples, peaches, pears, nectarines, plums, grapes. 1
Surry, Apples, peaches, plums, &c.  
Swain, Apples, peaches, grapes.  
Transylvania Apples, peaches, cherries, plums. 3
Tyrrell, Apples, grapes.  
Union, Grapes, peaches, apples.  
Wake,    
Warren, Peaches, apples, pears, grapes. 1
Washington, Apples, pears, peaches, plums.  
Watauga, Apples, peaches, and all fruits of the climate.  
Wayne, Apples, peaches, pears, strawberries, grapes. 1
Wilkes, Apples, peaches, pears, grapes, cherries and berries. 2
Wilson, All kinds suited to the climate. 6
Yadkin, Apples, peaches, pears, plums, berries.  
Yancey, Apples.  


Page [26a]

COTTON AND WOOLEN MILLS IN NORTH CAROLINA

        
COUNTIES. NAME OF FACTORY OR MILL. WHERE LOCATED. Water. Steam. No. of No. of Spindles. When put in Operation CAPACITY PER DAY.
Alamance, Alamance Cotton Factory Near Graham, 1   70 1200 1872  
Cabarrus, Rocky River Mills, Rocky River, 1   16 812 1861 300 pounds cotton,
Cabarrus, Odell Manufacturing Company Concord,   1   2000   900 pounds yarn,
Caldwell, Patterson, Patterson, 1   18 960 1872 600 yds. sheeting, 250 lbs. cotton yarn, 150 lbs. wool yarn.
Catawba, Long Island, 3 miles from Western N. C. R. R. 1   24 1000 1852 400 pounds cotton,
Catawba, Granite Shoals, Catawba Riv 4 m. from W N C R R. 1   24 1200 1854 590 pounds cotton.
Chatham, Chatham Cotton Mills. Haw River near Pittsboro, 1   15 1600 1874 1000 pounds yarns and warp,
Cleaveland, Cleaveland Cotton Mills, 12 miles north of Shelby, 1   20 828 1874-5 450 pounds warp. 725 4-4 domestic.
Craven, Neuse Manufacturing Company, New Berne,   1   2000 1877 1000 pounds yarns,
Cumberland, Beaver Creek, 6 miles southwest of Fayetteville, 1   75 2900 1841 3000 yards sheeting and 25 bundles yarns.
Cumberland, Bluff, 6 miles southwest of Fayetteville, 1   60 2800 1873 3400 yards sheeting,
Cumberland, Hope Mills of Rockfish Manf'g Co., Hope Mills, 1     4000 1873 1500 to 1600 pounds cotton,
Forsythe, F. & H. Fries. Salem,   1 40 1614 1840 varies with kinds of goods,
Franklin, Laurel, Laurel, 1     612 1875 400 pounds cotton,
Gaston, Woodlawn Mills, Gaston county, 1   75 2500 1852 900 pounds cotton,
Gaston Mount Holly Springs, Woodlawn, 1     1232 1876 600 pounds No. 20 warps,
Gaston Stowesville Cotton Mills, Near Garibaldi, 1   24 1200 1854 600 pounds cotton,
Halifax, Tuscarora Mills, 4 miles from Enfield, 1     1500 1876 From 600 to 800 pounds cotton,
McDowell, Muddy Creek, 6 miles from Marion, 1   12 408 1874 40 bunches yarn, 400 yards sheeting.
Randolph, Randolph Manufacturing Co., Franklinsville, 1   25 1200 1750 800 pounds cotton,
Randolph Franklinsville Manufacturing Co., Franklinsville, 1   20 1100 1870 1000 seamless bags,
Richmond, Great Falls Mannfacturing Co., Rockingham 1   130 3840 1871 7000 yards sheeting,
Richmond, Pee Dee Manufacturing Co., Rockingham, 1   100 2016 1877 4000 yards plaids and stripes,
Rockingham, Leaksville Cotton Mills, Near Leaksville, 1   80 3632 1839 1500 pounds cotton.
Surry, Hamburg Mills, Near Mt. Airy 1     600 1850  
Surry, Gwynville Woolen & Flouring Mills 1 mile from Elkin, Surry county, 1     240 1877 100 lbs. wool rolls, 100 lbs. spun yarn,
Alexander, Taylorsville Cotton Mill, 3 miles southwest of Taylosrville, 1   12 528 1853 300 lbs. of goods,
Alamance, Falls of Neuse Manufacturing Co., Alamance county, 1     3968 1876 2000 yards No. 20 yarns in 23 hours,
Alamance, Clover Orchard Factory, Southern part of Alamance county 1   44 1200 1840 1500 yards of cloth,
Guilford, Oakdale Cotton Mills, Jamestown, N. C. 1     3600 1866 1000 pounds,
Lincoln, Ivy Shoals Cotton Factory, Near Lincolnton, 1   26 1800 1848 500 pounds yarn. 600 pounds 4-4 sheeting,
Nash, Rocky Mount Mills, Rocky Mount, 1   64 3084 1870 1350 pounds goods, yarns and rope,
Orange, Orange Factory, Orange county, 1   42 1300 1832  
Alamance, Granite Cotton Factory, Haw River, 1   110 4856 1845 6 bales of 450 pounds each.
Richmond, Richmond Cotton Mills, Richmond county, 1     1900 1867 700 pounds,
Gaston, Mountain Island Cotton Mills, Gaston county, 1   110 5000 1874 2000 pounds,
Buncombe, Reem's Creek Woolen Mills, Weaverville, Buncombe county, 1   4 210 1875 100 yards cloth, 100 pounds yarn,
New Hanover, Wilmington Cotton Mills, Wilmington,   1 156 5304 1875 5500 yards,
Chatham, Henley's Haw River Mills, 4 miles east of Pittsboro, 1         200 pounds wool,
Mecklenburg Glenroy Cotton Mills, 2 miles from Mathews, C. C. R. R.   1   264 1878 35 bunches warps 5 pounds each.
Surry, Green Hill, Near Mount Airy, 1   21 1000 1869 250 pounds warp, 700 yards sheeting,
Cleaveland, Broad Rim Mills, Cleaveland county. 1     1056 1852 750 pounds single yarns,
Randolph, Cedar Falls Manufacturing Co., 5 miles north of Asheboro, 1   58 1824 1856 2880 yards sheeting, 200 pounds yarn,
Surry, Elkin Valley Mills (Wool), On Big Elkin Creek, 1   2 240 1877 150 pounds yarn.
Surry, Elkin Manufacturing Co., Elkin, Surry county, 1   15 1000 1849 500 pounds lint cotton,
Randolph, Deep River Manufacturing Co., Randolph county, 1   25 1100 1850 800 pounds cotton,
Randolph, Randleman Plaid Mills, On Deep River, 1 1 200 3500 1869 7000 yards or 5 bales of cotton,
Alamance. Cane Creek Factory,              
Gaston, Wilson & Moore,              
Johnston, Wm. Edgerton,              
Jackson, Double Shoals Cotton Factory,              
Iredell, Morrison, Gaither & Co.,              
Iredell, W. Turner & Son,              


Page [26b]

COTTON AND WOOLEN MILLS IN NORTH CAROLINA.

COUNTIES. STYLE OF GOODS. No. of Operativ's NEAREST NAVIGABLE WATER OR RAILROAD. Capital Invested. Does Cold Weather Stop Operations, and Generally, How Long:REMARKS.
Alamance, Alamance Ginghams, 60 5 miles to North Carolina railroad   No 
Cabarrus, Sheeting, yarns, and twine 17     NoName of firm--Weisler & Archibald.
Cabarrus, Yarns, warps, twist, stocking yarn, 45 North Carolina Railroad $ 15,000 No 
Caldwell, Yarns and heavy sheeting 50 25 miles to Hickory,   NoName of firm--Gwyn, Harp & Co.
Catawba, 4-4 sheeting, yarns 6 to 14 35 3 miles from Western North Carolina Railroad, 20 000 On average 5 days per year,Name of firm--Powell & Shuford
Catawba, Carpet warps 50 4 m. from W N C and 5 m. from A., T & O., 25 000 On average 5 days per year,Dam across the river with a fish way--Claywell, Powell & Co.
Chatham, Yarn, wrap and sheeting, 40 Raleigh and Augusta Air-Line Railroad, 52 000 NoCapacity of water power equal to 700 horse, using about 50--Bynum Manufacturing Co.
Cleaveland, Warps and domestics, 28 12 miles to Carolina Central Railway, 25 000 NoName of firm--Schenck, Raymour & Co.
Craven, Yarns, warps, twines, 25 Neuse river and Atlantic and N. C. Railroad, 25 000 NoJesse D. Claypool, President; Gwo. Allen, Treasurer; Richard Berry, Manager.
Cumberland, 4-4 sheeting, coarse yarn, 72 Cape Fear river and Western railroad, 145,000 NoJohn Shaw, President.
Cumberland, 4-4 sheeting, 72 Cape Fear river and Western railroad, 145,000 NoJohn Shaw, President.
Cumberland, Cotton warps, 80 Cape Fear river and Western railroad, 150,000 NoT. Campbell Oakman, President
Forsythe, Jeans, kerseys, sheeting and cotton yarn, 100 Northwestern North Carolina Railroad,   No 
Franklin, Yarns, 12 Raleigh & Gaston railroad, 15,000 NoWater power sufficient for 100 looms--J. F. Jones.
Gaston, Sheeting, shirting, yarns and warp, 100 Atlanta & Charleston and C. C. R. R., 75,000 NoC. J. Lineburger & Sons.
Gaston, Warps, 26 Tuckaseege Depot Carolina Central railway, 36,000 NoAbout as much more machinery will soon be in operation.
Gaston, Yarns and sheetings, 50 Charlotte and Augusta Air-Line railroad, 30,000 NoWater power sufficient for 100,000 spindles--Homesley & Oates.
Halifax, Single and double yarns and plow lines, 26 Wilmington & Weldon railroad, 40,000 NoJohn T. Bellamy.
McDowell, Yarns and sheeting, 21 Western North Carolina railroad, 20,000 A few daysBurned down October 1st, 1877--H. C. Bennett.
Randolph, Yarns and 4-4 sheeting, 75 North Carolina raiload, 35,000 NoHugh Parks, Agent.
Randolph, Seamless bags, 75 North Carolina railroad, Greensboro 35,000 No 
Richmond, 4-4 sheeting, 130 Carolina Central railway, 150,000 NoRobt. L. Steele, President.
Richmond, Plaids and stripes, 120 Carolina Central railway, 150,000 NoHenry Reshton, Superintendent.
Rockingham, Brown sheeting, yarns, knitting cotton, 106 Piedmont railroad, 12 miles to Reidsville, 125,000 4 days per yearJ. Turner Morehead & Co.
Surry, Yarns 20 Northwestern North Carolina R. R., at Salem,   NoThos. M. Brower. Not in operation just now (November 1877.)
Surry,   8 Railroad at Statesville, 35 miles, 8,000 NoL. L. Gwyn and A. Chatham.
Alexander, Cotton yarn and sheeting, 24 Western North Carolina railroad, 16,000 Very rarely,Alspaugh & Bro.
Alamance, Yarns and warps, 140 North Carolina railroad,   No 
Alamance, Ginghams, 60 North Carolina railroad, 25,000 NoHave in connection flour and grist mill, saw mill, cotton gin, wool carding machine, &c.
Guilford, Cotton warps, 60 North Carolina railroad, 60,000   
Lincoln, 4-4 sheeting 5 oz goods, yarns from 8 to 11 50 Carolina Central and Chester & Lenoir R. R., 25,000 No 
Nash, Shirting, sheeting, yarns, rope, warp, 90 1 mile from Wilmington & Weldon railroad,   NoHave 3 warp mills and 1 rope machine.
Orange, Ginghams and seamless bags,   North Carolina railroad at Durham,   Seldom, 
Alamance, Plaids, cottonades, drills, yarns, warps sheeting, shirting 165 North Carolina railroad   NoT. M. Holt.
Richmond, Yarns, 25 Carolina Central railroad, 25,000 NoMalloy & Morgan, Laurel Hill
Gaston, Ginghams, shirting and sheeting, 150 3 miles to C. C. railroad,   NoMost excellent water power G. K. Tate.
Buncombe, Jeans satinets and linseys, 10 20 miles to Henry's,   NoE. D. Jobe.
New Hanover, Print cloth, 28 inches 64-64, 95 Cape Fear river, 125,300 NoDriven by a Harris Corliss engine, 16 inch cylender, 48 inch stroke.
Chatham, Wool rolls, Raleigh & Augusta Air-Line railroad, 5,000 No
Mecklenburg, Warps, 7 C. C. railroad. 7,000 NoE. C. Grier & Son. Clement attachment spin from seed cotton.
Surry, Warps, yarns and sheeting, 35 45 miles to railroad, 40,000 10 days,J. F. & W. A. Moore. Excellent water powers in this coonty.
Cleaveland, Yarns and carpet warps, 26 8 miles to Carolina Central railway, 25,000 No 
Randolph, 44 sheeting, yarns and carpet warps, 90 Richmond & Danville railroad, 25,000 NoO.K. Cox, Agent.
Surry, 4-4 Jeans, 68 35 miles to Statesville, 8,000 NoFlour mill attached.
Surry, Cotton yarns, No, 12 sheeting, 32 38 miles to Statesville 20,000 NoCenter of a fine trade from the mountain counties.
Randolph, 4-4 sheeting, yarns, knitting cotton, thread and twine, 50 Greensboro, 20,000 NoD. Curtis, Agent.
Randolph, Domestic ginghams, 200 High Point, 100,000 NoPay rolls $2,500 per month--Jno. B. Randleman, President. Extra time for 6 mos. past.
Alamance.           
Gaston,           
Johnston,           
Jackson,           
Iredell,           
Iredell,           


Page [26c]

COTTON AND WOOLEN MILLS.

        It will be seen by reference to the following statement, that I give the names of fifty-three mills, seven of which have not reported. Of the forty-six reported, five are operated by steam and forty-one by water. It will be observed, also, that several of the mills have not the number of looms reported, while others have omitted the capacity, and others still the number of operatives and the amount of capital invested. Seven of the mills, as before stated, have not reported. Thirty-five report amount of capital invested which aggregates $1,547,300.

        The aggregate number of operatives in the forty-four reported is 1620. The aggregate number of spindles employed in the forty-five mills reported is 82,240.

        Only seven report that their operations are ever checked by cold weather, and those rarely, and only for a few days. That this interest will soon become a very important one in our industrial wealth none can doubt, and it is very desirable that a full and complete exhibit of its growth and progress should be kept before the public. I therefore hope, if there be errors or omissions in the statement, that you will at once correct and return to this office. I want every Cotton and Woolen Mill in the State represented in this list.

        P. S.--Will the reader examine the report for his county carefully, and write me at once giving corrections, if any are to be made.


Page 27

CITIES, TOWNS AND VILLAGES.

        In the second column, opposite the name of the county, the name of the county seat is given and is designated by the letters C. H. In the same column are the names of the other towns or villages in the same county, and the third column shows their distance and direction from the county seat. The population for each county is taken from the census of 1870. Any corrections to this table will be thankfully received.


Page 28

CITIES, TOWNS AND VILLAGES IN NORTH CAROLINA.

        
COUNTIES, Names of Cities, Towns and Villages. Direction and Distance from County Seat. On What Railroad or Navigable Water. POPULATION.    
        Wh'te Col'd. Total.
Alamance, Graham, C. H.   North Carolina R. R., 1 mile 8234 3640 11874
Alamance, Company Shops. Northwest 2 miles, North Carolina Railroad,      
Alamance, Haw River. East 4 miles, North Carolina Railroad,      
Alamance, Mebanesville. East 10 miles, North Carolina Railroad,      
Alexander, Taylorsville, C. H.     6034 834 6868
Alexander, York Institute. Northeast 6 miles,        
Alleghany, Gap Civil, C. H.     3401 290 3691
Anson, Wadesboro, C. H.   Carolina Central Railway, 6350 6078 12420
Anson, Lilesville, East 5 miles, Carolina Central Railway,      
Anson, Ansonville. North 10 miles,        
Anson, Polkton. West 8 miles, Carolina Central Railway,      
Anson, White's Store. Southwest 14 miles,        
Ashe, Jefferson, C. H.     8991 582 9573
Ashe, Ore Knob. East 11 miles,        
Beaufort, Washington, C. H.   Pamlico River, 8379 4632 13011
Beaufort, Yeatesville. Northeast 20 miles.        
Beaufort, Leachville, Northeast 36 miles, Pungo River.      
Beaufort, Bath, East 18 miles, Pamlico River,      
Beaufort, Pantego, Northeast 26 miles,        
Beaufort, Edwards' Mill, Southeast 22 miles, Durham's Creek,      
Beaufort, Aurora, Southeast 30 miles, South Creek,      
Bertie, Windsor, C. H.   Cashie River 5313 7437 12950
Bertie, Coleraine, North 20 miles, Chowan River,      
Bertie, Lewiston, West 16 miles Near Roanoke River,      
Bertie, Roxabel, West 24 miles,        
Bertie, Merry Hill, East12 miles,        
Bladen, Elizabethtown, C. H.   Cape Fear River, 6729 6102 12831


Page 29

Bladen, Abbottsburg, Southwest 16 miles, Carolina Central Railway,      
Bladen, Clarkton, South 13 miles, Carolina Central Railway,      
Brunswick, Smithville, C. H.   Cape Fear River, 4448 3306 7754
Buncombe, Asheville, C. H.   Projected line W N C R R. 13109 2303 15417
Buncombe, Weaversville, North 10 miles,        
Buncombe, Shufordsville, South 10 miles,        
Buncombe, Leicester, West 11 miles,        
Burke, Morganton, C, H.   Western N. C. Railroad, 7463 2314 9777
Burke, Excelsior, East 11 miles,        
Burke, Icard, East 10 miles, Western N. C. Railroad,      
Burke, Bridgewater, West 11 miles, Western N. C. Railroad,      
Cabarrus, Concord, C. H.   North Carolina Railroad, 8025 3929 11954
Cabarrus, Harrisburg, South 10 miles, North Carolina Railroad,      
Cabarrus, Mount Pleasant, East 8 miles        
Cabarrus, China Grove, North 10 miles, North Carolina Railroad,      
Caldwell, Lenoir, C. H.     7096 1380 8476
Caldwell, Patterson, Northwest 7½ miles,        
Caldwell, Collettsville, West 10 miles,        
Caldwell, Lovelady, South 10 miles, near Western N. C. Railroad      
Caldwell, Freedman, Northeast 1 mile,        
Caldwell, Powellton, East 3 miles,        
Camden, Camden, C. H.     3239 2121 5360
Camden, Shiloh, Southeast 7 miles, Pasquotank River,      
Camden, South Mills, Northwest 12 miles, near Dismal Swamp Canal,      
Carteret, Beaufort, C. H.   Sea Coast, 6235 2725 9010
Carteret, Morehead, Southwest 3 miles, Atlantic & N. C. Railroad.      
Carteret, Newport, Northwest 11 miles, Atlantic & N. C. Railroad.      
Caswell, Yanceyville, C. H.     6587 9494 16081
Caswell, Leasburg, East 13 miles,        
Caswell, Milton, Northeast 11 miles, M. & S. Railroad,      
Catawba, Newton, C. H.   Western N. C. Railroad, 9281 1703 10984
Catawba, Hickory, Northwest 10 miles, Western N. C. Railroad,      
Catawba, Conover, North 3 miles, Western N. C. Railroad,      
Catawba, Catawba Station, Northeast 12 miles, Western N. C. Railroad,      


Page 30

Chatham, Pittsboro C. H.     12893 6830 19723
Chatham, Haywood. southeast 9 miles, Near R. & A. A. L. Railroad      
Chatham, Lockville. southeast 8 miles, R. & A. A. L. Railroad,      
Chatham, Egypt. southwest 15 miles, Western Railroad,      
Chatham, Gulf. southwest 15 miles, Deep River,      
Chatham, Bynumsville. north 5 miles,        
Cherokee, Murphy C. H.     7296 301 8080
Cherokee, Valleytown. northeast 18 miles,        
Cherokee, Nottely. southwest 10 miles,        
Cherokee, Beaverdam. northwest 10 miles,        
Cherokee, Peachtree. east 7 miles,        
Cherokee, Brasstown. southeast 7 miles,        
Cherokee, Hothouse. west 16 miles,        
Cherokee, Shoal Creek. northwest 16 miles,        
Chowan, Edenton C. H.   Chowan River, 3081 3369 6450
Clay, Hayesville C. H.     2318 142 2460
Cleaveland, Shelby C. H.   Central Carolina Railroad, 10633 2063 12696
Cleaveland, King's Mountain.          
Columbus, Whiteville C. H.   Near W. C. & A. Railroad, 5526 2948 8474
Columbus, Peacock. southwest 5 miles, Near W. C. & A. Railroad,      
Columbus, Cerra Gorda. southwest 15 miles, Near W. C. & A. Railroad,      
Columbus, Fair Bluff. southwest 20 miles, Near W. C. & A. Railroad,      
Columbus, Flemington. east 10 miles, Near W. C. & A. Railroad,      
Columbus, Bolton. east 17 miles, Near W. C. & A. Railroad,      
Columbus, Brinkley. east 27 miles, Near W. C. & A. Railroad,      
Craven, New Berne C. H.   Atlantic & N. C. Railroad. 8400 12116 20516
Craven, Swift Creek. northwest 18 miles,        


Page 31

Cumberland, Fayetteville C. H.   Cape Fear River. 9520 7515 17035
Cumberland, Manchester. west 13 miles, Western Railroad,      
Cumberland, Rockfish. south 7 miles,        
Cumberland, Beaver Creek. southwest 7 miles,        
Cumberland, Blockersville, east 13 miles,        
Cumberland, Cedar Creek, southeast 12 miles,        
Currituck, Currituck C. H,   Currituck Sound, 3991 1140 5131
Currituck, Indian Town. southwest 10 miles,        
Currituck, Shawsville. southwest 8 miles,        
Currituck, Shingle Landing. northwest 12 miles.        
Currituck, Jarvisburg. south, 21 miles,        
Dare, Manteo C. H.   Albemarle Sound, 2401 377 2778
Davidson, Lexington C. H.   North Carolina Railroad, 13868 3546 17414
Davidson, Thomasville, east 11 miles, North Carolina Railroad,      
Davidson, Linwood, southwest 8 miles. North Carolina Railroad,      
Davidson, Jackson Hill, southeast 20 miles,        
Davidson, Yadkin College, west 10 miles,        
Davidson, Teague Town, northeast 20 miles,        
Davidson, Clemmonsville, north 20 miles,        
Davidson, Cotton Grove, south 6 miles,        
Davie, Mocksville C. H.     6527 3093 9620
Davie, Jerusalem, southeast 7 miles,        
Davie, Fulton, east 10 miles,        
Davie, Shady Grove, east-northeast 12 miles,        
Davie, Smith Grove, east-northeast 7 miles        
Davie, Farmington, north 10 miles,        
Davie, Calahan, northwest 7 miles,        
Davie, County Line, west 10 miles,        
Duplin, Kenansville C. H.     8776 6766 15542
Duplin, Magnolia, southwest 7½ miles, Wilmington & Weldon R. R.      
Duplin, Rose Hill, southwest 13 miles, Wilmington & Weldon R. R.      
Duplin, Teacheys, fouthwest 15 miles, Wilmington & Weldon R. R.      
Duplin, Duplin Road, southwest 17 miles, Wilmington & Weldon R. R.      
Duplin, Warsaw, west 10 miles, Wilmington & Weldon R. R.      


Page 32

Duplin, Faison, Northwest 12 miles, W. & W. Railroad,      
Duplin, Hallsville, east 8 miles,        
Duplin, Chinquepin, southeast 12 miles,        
Edgecombe, Tarboro, C. H.   Tarboro branch W. & W.R.R. 7858 15112 23970
Edgecombe, Rocky Mount, west 18 miles, Wilmington & Weldon R. R.      
Edgecombe, Battleboro, northwest 18 miles, Wilmington & Weldon R. R.      
Edgecombe, Whitakers, northwest 20 miles, Wilmington & Weldon R. R.      
Edgecombe, Sparta, south 9 miles, Tar River,      
Forsythe, Winston, C. H.,   N. W. N. C. R. R. 15000 3000 18000
Forsythe, Salem, adjoining.        
Forsythe, Kernersville, east 9 miles, N. W. N. C. R. R.      
Forsythe, Old Town, northwest 5 miles,        
Forsythe, Bethania, northwest 9 miles,        
Forsythe, Wartown, south 2 miles,        
Forsythe, Pfafftown, southwest 9 miles,        
Forsythe, Brookstown, southwest 13 miles,        
Forsythe, Lewisville, southwest 11 miles,        
Franklin, Louisburg C. H.,     6633 7501 14134
Franklin, Franklinton, west 10 miles. Raleigh & Gaston Railroad,      
Franklin, Youngsville, southwest 13 miles, Raleigh & Gaston Railroad,      
Gaston, Dallas C. H.,   Kings Mountain Railroad, 8430 4172 12602
Gaston, Gastonia, south 4 miles, Atlanta & R. Railroad,      
Gaston, Cherryville, west 14 miles,        
Gaston, Brevard, northeast 6 miles,        
Gates, Gatesville C. H.,     4517 3207 7724
Graham, Robbinsville C. H.     not given  
Granville, Oxford C. H.,     11476 13355 24831


Page 33

Granville, Henderson, east 12 miles, Ralelgh & Gaston railroad,      
Granville, Kittrells. southeast 12 miles, Raleigh & Gaston railroad,      
Granville, Townsville, northeast 16 miles,        
Granville, Williamsboro, northeast 12 miles,        
Granville, Tally Ho, southwest 10 miles,        
Greene, Snow Hill C. H.,     4166 4521 8687
Greene, Hookerton, east 5 miles,        
Greene, Contentnia, northwest 6 miles,        
Guilford, Greensboro C. H.,   North Carolina railroad, 15656 6080 21736
Guilford, High Point, southwest 16 miles, North Carolina railroad,      
Guilford, Jamestown, southwest 10 miles, North Carolina railroad,      
Guilford, Gibsonville, east 16 miles, North Carolina railroad,      
Guilford, Brown Summit, north 11 miles, Richmond & Danville R. R.,      
Guilford, Friendship, west 10 miles, Northwestern N. C. R. R.,      
Guilford, Oak Ridge, northwest 16 miles,        
Guilford, Summerville, northwest 12 miles,        
Guilford, Westminster, southwest 12 miles,        
Halilax, Halifax C. H.,   Wilmington & Weldon R. R. 6418 13990 20408
Halifax, Weldon, north 7 miles, Junction of four railroads,      
Halifax, Enfield, south 9 miles, Wilmington & Weldon R. R.,      
Halifax, Scotland Neck, southeast 19 miles,        
Halifax, Palmyra, southeast 25 miles,        
Halifax, Ringwood, southwest 17 miles,        
Halifax, Brinkleysville, west 18 miles,        
Halifax, Littleton, northwest 24 miles, Raleigh & Gaston railroad,      
Halifax, Gaston, northwest 16 miles, Raleigh & Gaston railroad,      
Harnett, Lillington C. H.,     5857 3038 8895
Harnett, Averasboro, east 12½ miles,        
Haywood, Waynesville C. H.,     7406 515 7921
Henderson, Hendersonville C. H.,     6498 1208 7706
Hertford, Winton C. H.,   Chowan river, 4321 4952 9273
Hertford, Murfreesboro, west 12 miles,        
Hertford, Harrellsville, southeast 12 miles,        
Hertford, Union, southwest 7 miles,        


Page 34

Hyde, Swanquarter, C. H.   Swanquarter Bay, 4067 2378 6445
Hyde, Sladesville, northwest 12 miles,        
Hyde, Makelyville, west 17 miles,        
Hyde, Lake Landing, east 16 miles, Mattamuskeet Lake,      
Hyde, Middleton, east 18 miles,        
Hyde, Engelhard, east 22 miles,        
Hyde, Fairfield, northeast 18 miles, Mattamuskeet Lake,      
Hyde, Montgomery, west 18 miles,        
Iredell, Statesville, C. H.   W.N.C.R.R.& A T.& O R R. 12288 4643 16931
Iredell, Olin, northeast 11 miles,        
Iredell, Mooresville, southeast 20 miles, A. T. & O. Railroad,      
Iredell, Mount Mourne, southeast 26 miles, A. T. & O. Railroad,      
Iredell, Troutmans Depot, southeast 6 miles, A. T. & O. Railroad,      
Jackson, Webster, C. H.     5698 274 5972
Johnston, Smithfield, C. H.     11703 5194 16897
Johnston, Clayton, northwest 11 miles, North Carolina Railrord.      
Johnston, Selma, northeast 4 miles, North Carolina Railroad.      
Johnston, Pine Level, northeast 6 miles, North Carolina Railroad.      
Johnston, Princeton, east 10 miles, North Carolina Railroad.      
Johnston, Bentonville, south 14 miles,        
Jones, Trenton, C. H.   Trent River, 2348 2654 5002
Jones, Polloksville, east 12 miles, Trent River,      
Jones, Maysville, south 15 miles,        
Lenoir, Kinston, C. H.   Atlantic & N. C. Railroad, 5402 6032 11434
Lenoir, La Grange, east 13 miles, Atlantic & N. C. Railroad,      
Lenoir, Lenoir Institute, northwest 10 miles,        
Lincoln, Lincolnton, C. H.   Carolina Central Railway, 6814 2759 9573


Page 35

Lincoln, Denver, northeast 16 miles,        
Lincoln, Lowesville, southeast 17 miles,        
Lincoln, Iron Station, southeast 6 miles, Carolina Central Railway,      
Macon, Franklin, C. H.     6172 404 6576
Madison, Marshall, C. H.     7858 334 8192
Martin, Williamston C. H.,   Roanoke river, 5064 4583 9647
Martin, Jamesville, southeast 11 miles, Roanoke river,      
Martin, Hamilton, northwest 13 miles, Roanoke river,      
Martin, Robersonvillo, west 14 miles,        
Martin, Diamond City, south 17 miles,        
McDowell, Marion C. H.,   Western N. C. railroad, 5820 1772 7592
McDowell, Old Fort, west 12 miles, Western N. C. railroad,      
McDowell, Pleasant Garden, northwest 3 miles,        
McDowell, Henry's, west 14 miles, Western N. C. railroad,      
McDowell, Dysartsville, south 12 miles,        
Mecklenburg, Charlotte C. H.,   Junction of 5 railroads, 13578 10721 24299
Mecklenburg, Davidson College, north 20 miles, A., T. & O. R. R.,      
Mecklenburg, Huntersville, north 14 miles, A., T. & O. R. R.,      
Mecklenburg, Matthews Station, southeast 12 miles, Carolina Central railway,      
Mecklenburg, Pineville, southwest 11 miles, C., C. & A. railroad,      
Mitchell, Bakersville C. H.,     4472 233 4705
Montgomery, Troy C. H.,     5359 2128 7487
Montgomery, Mount Gilead, southwest 14 miles,        
Montgomery, Edinboro, southwest 14 miles,        
Montgomery, Pekin, south 15 miles,        
Montgomery, Swift Island, west 12 miles,        
Montgomery, Milledgeville, northwest 20 miles,        
Montgomery, Zion, west 10 miles,        
Montgomery, Russell Gold Mine, northwest 16 miles,        
Montgomery, Wadeville, southwest 8 miles,        
Moore, Carthage C. H.,     9021 3019 12040
Moore, Cameron, southeast 9 miles, R. & A. A. L. railroad,      
Moore, Manly, south 16 miles, R. & A. A. L. railroad,      
Moore, Carbonton, northeast 15 miles,        


Page 36

Moore, Jonesboro, east 18 miles, Western Railroad,      
Moore, Sanford, east 19 miles, Junct'n of R. & A. & W.R.R      
Moore, Swann's Station, southeast 20 miles, Western Railroad,      
Nash, Nashville, C. H.,     6356 4721 11077
Nash, Whitaker's, northeast 22 miles, Wilmington & Weldon R. R.      
Nash, Battleboro, east 18 miles, Wilmington & Weldon R. R.      
Nash, Rocky Mount, east 12 miles, Wilmington & Weldon R. R.      
Nash, Sharpsburg, southeast 14 miles, Wilmington & Weldon R. R.      
Nash, Stanhope, southwest 14 miles,        
Nash, Castalia, northwest 10,        
Nash, Hilliardston, north 10 miles,        
Nash, Whitakes's Mill, northeast 14 miles,        
New Hanover, Wilmington, C. H.,   Cape Fear River and 3 R. R. 11779 16199 27978
Northampton, Jackson, C. H.,     6239 8510 14749
Northampton, Seaboard, north 8 miles, Seaboard & Roanoke Railro'd      
Northampton, Garysburg, west 10 miles, P. & W. R. R. and S. & R.R.      
Northampton, Margarettsville, northeast 15 miles, Seaboard & Roanoke Railr'd      
Northampton, Rich Square, southeast 12 miles,        
Northampton, Pleasant Hill. northwest 15 miles, Petersburg & Weldon R. R.      
Onslow, Jacksonville, C. H.,   New River, 5173 2396 7569
Onslow, Swansboro, southeast 25 miles, White Oak River,      
Onslow, Richlands, west 15 miles,        
Onslow, Sneads Ferry, south 25 miles, Stones Bay,      
Onslow, Tar Landing, northwest 8 miles, New River,      
Orange, Hillsboro, C. H.,   North Carolina Railroad, 11087 6420 17507
Orange, Durham, east 14 miles, North Carolina Railroad,      
Orange, Chapel Hill, south east 12 miles,        


Page 37

Pamlico, Bayboro, C. H.,     4730 1630 6360
Pamlico, Stonewall, east 1¾ miles, Bay River,      
Pamlico, Grantsboro, west 4½ miles,        
Pamlico, Vandemere, east 9 miles, Bay River,      
Pamlico, Pamlico, east 12 miles,        
Pasquotank, Elizabeth City, C. H.,   Pasquotank River, 4180 3951 8131
Pasquotank, Nixonton, south 10 miles,        
Pender, Burgaw, C. H.,   Wilmington & Weldon R. R.      
Pender, South Washington, north 7 miles, Wilmington & Weldon R. R.      
Pender, Rocky Point, south 8 miles, Wilmington & Weldon R. R.      
Pender, Point Caswell, southwest 18 miles, South River,      
Perquimans, Hertford, C. H.   Perquimans River, 3974 3771 7945
Perquimans, Woodville, northeast 10 miles, Little River,      
Perquimans, Belvidere, northwest 8 miles,        
Person, Roxboro, C. H.     6066 5104 11170
Pitt, Greenville C. H.   Tar River, 8862 8414 17276
Pitt, Falkland, northwest 10 miles,        
Pitt, Penny Hill, north 15 miles,        
Pitt, Pactolus, east 13 miles,        
Pitt, Bethel, north 15 miles,        
Pitt, Farmville, west 10 miles,        
Pitt, Marlboro, west 13 miles,        
Polk, Columbus, C. H.     3341 978 4319
Polk, Mill Springs, northeast 5 miles,        
Polk, Mont Tryon, southwest 3½ miles,        
Polk, White Oak Hall, northeast 12 miles,        
Randolph, Aehboro, C. H.     14945 2606 17551
Randolph, Bush Hill, northwest 19 miles,        
Randolph, Trinity College, northwest 18 miles,        
Randolph, Union Factory, north 8 miles,        
Randolph, New Salem, north 10 miles,        
Randolph, Cedar Falls, northeast 5 miles,        
Randolph, Franklinsville, northeast 7½ miles,        
Randolph, Columbia, northeast 10 miles,        


Page 38

Richmond, Rockingham, C. H.   Carolina Central Railway, 6284 6598 12882
Richmond, Louisburg, southeast 22 miles, Carolina Central Railway,      
Richmond, Hamlet, southeast 6 miles, R. & A. R. R. & C. C. Ry.,      
Richmond, Old Hundred, southeast 13½ miles, Carolina Central Railway,      
Richmond, Laurel Hill, southeast 16½ miles, Carolina Central Railway,      
Richmond, Mangum, north 25 miles,        
Robeson, Lumberton, C. H.   Carolina Central Railway, 8892 7370 16262
Robeson, Shoe Heel, west 20 miles, Carolina Central Railway,      
Robeson, Red Banks, west 18 miles, Carolina Central Railway,      
Robeson, Moss Neck, west 14 miles, Carolina Central Railway,      
Rockingham, Wentworth, C. H.     9493 6215 1 708
Rockingham, Stoneville, northwest 11 miles,        
Rockingham, Leaksville, north 8 miles,        
Rockingham, Ruffin, northeast 17 miles, Richmond & Danville R. R.,      
Rockingham, Reidsville, east 7 miles, Richmond & Danville R. R.,      
Rockingham, Lawsonville, east 14 miles, Richmond & Danville R. R.,      
Rockingham, Madison, west 15 miles,        
Rowan, Salisbury, C. H.   W. N. C. R. R. & N. C. R. R. 11503 5307 16810
Rowan, Gold Hill, southeast 14 miles,        
Rowan, China Grove, south 10 miles, North Carolina Railroad,      
Rowan, Enochsville, southwest 18 miles,        
Rowan, Rowan Mills, west 14 miles, Western N. C. Railroad,      
Rowan, Franklin, west 4 miles,        
Rutherford, Rutherfordton, C. H.     10479 2642 13121
Rutherford, Burnt Chimney, southeast 6 miles,        
Sampson, Clinton, C. H.     12000 20000 20000
Sampson, Giddinsville, northeast 14 miles,        


Page 39

        
Sampson, Herringsville, southeast 18 miles,        
Stanly, Albemarle, C. H.     7026 1289 8315
Stanly, Center, south 13 miles,        
Stanly, Big Lick, west 16 miles,        
Stokes, Danbury, C. H.     8600 2608 11208
Stokes, Germanton, south 13 miles,        
Stokes, Prestonville, northeast 9 miles,        
Stokes, Sandy Ridge, northeast 12 miles,        
Surry, Dobson, C. H.     9692 1560 11252
Surry, Mount Airy, northeast 12 miles,        
Surry, Elkin, south 18 miles,        
Surry, Rockford, southeast 12 miles,        
Surry, Siloam, east 15 miles,        
Swain, Charleston, C. H.          
Transylvania, Brevard, C. H.     3227 309 3536
Tyrrell, Columbia, C. H.   Scuppernong river, 2871 1302 4173
Union, Monroe, C. H.   Carolina Central Railway, 9523 2694 12217
Union, Griffinville, east 10 miles, Carolina Central Railway,      
Wake, Raleigh, C. H.   Junction of three railroads, 19468 16184 35652
Wake, Forestville, north 15 miles, Raleigh & Gaston Railroad,      
Wake, Wake Forest, north 16½ miles, Raleigh & Gaston Railroad,      
Wake, Rolesville, northeast 16 miles,        
Wake, Cary, west 8 miles, N C R R & R & A L R R,      
Wake, Morrisville, west 12 miles, North Carolina Railroad,      
Wake, Apex, southwest 15 miles, R. & A. A. L. R. R.,      
Warren, Warrenton, C. H.   near R. & G. R. R., 6000 14000 20000
Washington, Plymouth, C. H.   Roanoke river, 3739 2777 6516
Washington, Creswell, southeast 27 miles,        
Watauga, Boone, C. H.     5062 225 5287
Wayne, Goldsboro, C. H.   Junction of three railroads, 10780 8740 18520
Wayne, Mount Olive, south 14 miles, Wilmington & Weldon R. R.      
Wayne, Fremont, north 15 miles, Wilmington & Weldon R. R.      
Wayne, Dudley, south 9 miles, Wilmington & Weldon R. R.      
Wayne, Pikeville, north 7 miles, Wilmington & Weldon R. R.      


Page 40

Wayne, White Hall, east 12 miles,        
Wilkes, Wilkesboro, C. H.     13877 1662 15539
Wilson, Wilson, C. H.   Wilmington & Weldon R. R. 7185 5073 12258
Wilson, Toisnot, northeast 8 miles, Wilmington & Weldon R. R.      
Wilson Black Creek, northwest 7 miles, Wilmington & Weldon R. R.      
Wilson, Stantonsburg, southeast 10 miles,        
Wilson, Saratoga, southeast 10 miles,        
Yadkin, Yadkinville, C. H.     9253 1444 10697
Yadkin, Huntsville, east 10 miles,        
Yadkin, East Bend, northeast 15 miles,        
Yadkin, Mt. Nebo. north 6 miles,        
Yadkin, Boonville, northwest 8 miles,        
Yadkin, Jonesville, west 16 miles,        
Yadkin, Hamptonville, southwest 8 miles,        
Yancey, Burnsville, C. H,     5691 308 5909