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Title: Letter from Joseph Caldwell to the Board of Trustees, December 24, 1834: Electronic Edition.
Author: Caldwell, Joseph, 1773-1835
Funding from the University Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill supported the electronic publication of this title.
Text transcribed by Bari Helms
Images scanned by Bari Helms
Text encoded by Sarah Ficke
First Edition, 2005
Size of electronic edition: ca. 12K
Publisher: The University Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
2005
© This work is the property of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. It may be used freely by individuals for research, teaching and personal use as long as this statement of availability is included in the text
The electronic edition is a part of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill digital library, Documenting the American South.
Languages used in the text: English
Revision history:
2005-07-21, Sarah Ficke finished TEI/XML encoding.
Source(s):
Title of collection: University of North Carolina Papers (#40005), University Archives, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Title of document: Letter from Joseph Caldwell to the Board of Trustees, December 24, 1834
Author: Joseph Caldwell
Description: 3 pages, 3 page images
Note: Call number 40005 (University Archives, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
Editorial practices
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Originals are in the Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
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Letter from Joseph Caldwell to the Board of Trustees, December 24, 1834
Caldwell, Joseph, 1773-1835



Page 1

Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Board,

Another year having elapsed in the business of the University, a report is herewith transmitted for the information of the Board of Trustees respecting the classes in the institution, and their progress in the prosecution of their studies, as it has been ascertained at the last examination.
At a meeting of the Board held at the University in June last, the Faculty were directed to make out such a plan of business for the professors and tutors, as to them should appear most expedient for giving efficacy to the instruction and government of the institution. To do this most satisfactorily and with the greatest practical information upon the subject, a correspondence was opened with other colleges through the states, that we might obtain knowledge of their modes of business. Some letters have been received on the subjects of inquiry, but the answers have chiefly consisted of printed catalogues containing accounts of the Trustees, Faculties, Students, and Systems of Education in the different colleges. The numbers of these sent to us fall short of the colleges of the country; but the principal institutions have forwarded them, and they will probably be found to contain most of the information necessary to an enlightened estimate and correct comparison of business as conducted in our own and other literary institutions. When these pamphlets

Page 2
and papers are consulted and collated, it will be seen what is the quantity of instruction given to the classes, and number of professors and tutors provided for its communication. The practice at present received and established implies that the system in our own university is not overstocked with professors and tutors. With respect to the relative value of instruction by professors and tutors, there can be no doubt that professors of long standing must in general be most effectual. Yet it appears that instruction by tutors in addition to professors is almost universally employed in the colleges and universities of our own country, if not in Europe. It is probably consequent upon the necessity of having a part of the members of the Faculty to live within the walls of the college, for the maintenance of order, and for the economy of employing them simultaneously to assist as ushers in instruction. High qualifications in a tutor will probably be but, if not amply secured upon the whole, by the method already adopted by the Board, that is by elevating the salaries of the tutorships.
It is not known here, whether the tutorships have been yet filled by the Committee of Appointment. It is suggested to be of consequence that this should be done as early as may be, that the provision may be ascertained for the future government and instruction of the university.
It is deemed by the Faculty to become an interest of the greatest importance to the university

Page 3
that some system of regulation should be adopted expecting the payment of board by the students. It has grown into a universal complaint with those who take boarders, that the funds put into the hands of the youth to defray the expenses of living are apt to be retained for other purposes. The consequence is a failure to appropriate these funds in the proper direction. It is easy to realize that a custom thus established in common opinion and practice among the students, is attended with most deleterious and demoralizing effects upon the principles and habits of the youth. The force of temptation in such circumstances is likely to become too strong to be resisted, and a fashion of squandering money to become prevalent, until the student is entangled in debt for his essential expenses. Should the Board think proper to adopt any measures upon this subject, it is obviously important that they should be known as soon as possible that parents and guardians may provide for a compliance with them, by the beginning of the ensuing session.

I am Gentlemen,
Your very obedient &
very humble servant

Jos. Caldwell

Chapel Hill December 24, 1834

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