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William Bradley Umstead, 1895-1954
Compass.
From the William B. Umstead World War I Collection
North Carolina Collection Gallery, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill

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Source Description
Title:
Compass.
Date:
1918.
Call Number:
CK.621.66
North Carolina Collection Gallery, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
Physical Description:

COMPASS, "Ceebynite," manufactured by "Short & Mason / Taylor / Rochester, New York," ca. 1917; steel pocket-watch-style case, brass inner ring, nickel-plated, mirrored interior cover; attachment ring at top, along with push button for opening case; overall height 2.5" (6.4 cm); case diameter 1.75" (4.4 cm); crystal intact, no cracks, good working condition.

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Notes:

Training in map-reading was required of all officers, whether they conducted reconnaissance, manned an artillery battery, or, like Lieutenant Umstead, delivered supplies to troops scattered along the front or in reserve positions. This pocket compass used by Umstead was deemed a very important piece of equipment. Besides protecting the face of the compass, the cover or lid served other purposes. The shiny, reflective, nickel-plated interior finish could be used to reflect moonlight onto the dial, making it easier to read at night. During the day, the surface could also be used for signaling with sunlight.

Funding from the State Library of North Carolina supported the electronic publication of this title.