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Colonial and State Records of North Carolina
Report by William Gooch concerning Native Americans in North Carolina
Gooch, William, Sir, 1681-1751
September 14, 1730
Volume 03, Page 89

-------------------- page 89 --------------------
[B. P. R. O. B. T. Virginia. Vol. 19. R. 127.]

What number of Indians &c—14th

The Indians tributary to this Government are reduced to a small number the remains of the Maherin and Nansemond Indians are by running the Boundary fallen within the limits of North Carolina. The Saponies and the other petty Nations associated with them being disturbed by the Tuscaruroes are retired out of Virginia to the Cattawbaws. So that there remain only the Pamunkeys on York River and they not above tenn Familys, and the Nottoways on the South side of James River whose strength exceeds not fifty fighting men. Both these Nations are seated in the midst of the English settlements, and hitherto have maintained a friendly correspondence with them

What is the strength &c 15th

We have no Indian Nation of any Strength nearer than the five Nations under the Government of New York on the North, and the Cattawbaws and Cherokees within the limits of Carolina to the South, and both of them near 400 miles from the Inhabitants of Virginia.


Recd 14th Sept 1730.