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Colonial and State Records of North Carolina
Letter from William Blount to Richard Caswell
Blount, William, 1749-1800
November 11, 1785
Volume 17, Pages 566-567

[From Executive Letter Book.]

Augusta, Nov. 11th, 1785.

On the Ninth Instant the Continental Commissioners left Golphenston without holding a treaty with the Creek Indians after having waited there seventeen days for the King's Headmen and Warriors of that Nation to make their appearance during which time only the Kings, &c., of two Towns appeared, each attended with about twenty Indians of their respective Towns. Although no Treaty was entered into, the Commissioners of Congress soon after their arrival at Golphenton shewed to the Agents on the part of the States of North Carolina and Georgia the Draft of the Treaty they meant to propose to the Indians against which the Agents on the part of the State of Georgia, entered a formal protest because in their opinion the proposed treaty tended to deprive their State of a part of her soil and sovereignty. To this protest the Commissions

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of Congress gave a written answer from which the following is an extract:
“We find moreover that the several Indian Nations “have uniformly both before and since the Revolution been treated “with as free and Independent People and the sole Proprietors of “the soil untill any part of it is fairly and willingly purchased “from or relinquished by them. That the protection and guardianship of these their rights which were universally allowed to “have been in the King of Great Britain is now devolved upon “and vested in the Congress of the United States which they have “exercised before as well as since our Independence and very early “divided the Execution of this trust into three Districts, the Northern, Middle and Southern.”

Various are the reasons offered by different people why the Indians have failed to appear and treat. By some it is supposed that the Spaniards have been a means of preventing them. By others that a rich Company of British Indian Traders who are permitted by the Spaniards to reside in East Florida have detained them lest a Treaty should be formed regulating the Indian Trade to their disadvantage and there are others who suspect the Indian Traders in Georgia have been instrumental in preventing a treaty and for the same reasons are supposed to have influenced the British Traders. But certain it is that the Citizens of the State of Georgia are generally well pleased, that no Treaty has been held by the Continental Commissions.

In the morning I set out for Seneca to attend the Treaty there to be held with the Choctaws, Chickasaws and Cherokees which are expected to commence on the 15th Instant, also to hold the separate treaty with the Cherokees on the part of the State of No. Carolina, and as soon as they are over I shall lose no time in getting to New Bern to report thereon to the General Assembly.

I have the honor to be
Your Excellency's most obedt. Servant,