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Colonial and State Records of North Carolina
Memorial from John Adams concerning the withdrawal of British troops
Adams, John, 1735-1826
November 30, 1785
Volume 17, Page 588

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[From Executive Letter Book.]

Nov. 30th, 1785.


The Subscriber, Minister Plenipotentiary from the United States of America, has the Honor to represent to the Minister of his Britanic Majesty, that by the 7th Article of the preliminary Treaty of Peace, Between his Majesty and the United States of America signed at Paris on the 30th day of November, 1782, Confirmed by the Definitive Treaty of Peace signed at Paris on the 3rd day of September, 1783, it was Stipulated, that his Britanic Majesty should with all Convenient Speed, and without causing any Destruction, or carrying away any Negroes or other property of the American Inhabitants, withdraw all his Armies, Garrisons and Fleets from the said United States, and from every port, place and Harbour, within the Same leaving in all Fortifications the American Artillery that may be therein.

That altho' a Period of three Years has elapsed since the Signature of the Preliminary treaty, and of more than two years, since that of the definitive treaty, the Ports of Osnegatchy, Oswego, Niagara, Presque Isle, Sandusky, Detroit, Mitchillemackenac, with others not Necessary to be particularly Enumerated, and a considerable Territory round each of them all within the incontestable limits of the said United States are still held by British Garrisons to the loss and Injury of the said United States.

The Subscriber therefore in the Name and Behalf of the said United States, and in Obedience to their express Commands, has the Honor to require of his Britanic Majesty's Ministry that all his Majesty's Armies and Garrisons be forthwith withdrawn from the said United States, from all and every of the Ports and Fortresses herein before enumerated, and from every other Port, Place and Harbour within the Territory of the said United States; according to the true intention of the Treaties aforesaid.

Done at Westminster, this 30th Nov., 1785.