Documenting the American South Logo
Colonial and State Records of North Carolina
Letter from Richard Winn to Samuel Johnston
Winn, Richard, 1750-1818
December 13, 1789
Volume 21, Pages 569-570

[From Executive Letter Book.]

Winnsborough, 13th December, 1789.


Since I had the honor of addressing your Excellency last on Indian Affairs, I have received a Talk from the Cherokees, a Copy of which I beg leave to lay before you, by this you will see, that the disposition of that Nation is to come to a friendly Treaty. A noncompliance with the Resolves of Congress by your State now, will undoubtedly be construed by the Indians, that we are not only deceiving and lulling them into security, that they may be the more easily destroyed. In this belief should such neglect continue, and no supplies nor Commissioner be sent forward there is great probability that the Southern Tribes may yet Unite (as I have a right to believe ’tis what McGillevray has been trying to do) and involve the Union in an unnecessary & bloody War, which a well timed peace might prevent. I trust these things to your Excellency’s serious consideration and wish you to fix on the time and place with me of finishing so good a work.

The Creeks are requested to meet in May or June next. Should a Treaty take place with both Nations at the same time, it would be attended with less Expence than to treat separately. Could you not immediately fall on a mode of Supplies, by sending on a Commissioner,

-------------------- page 570 --------------------
we could determine that matter to you with as little inconvenience to your State, as the Nature of the case will admit of.

As I have assured the Indians that all hostilities would cease, I must request your Excellency to issue a Proclamation for a suspension of arms to take place immediately.

I have the honor, &c.,