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Colonial and State Records of North Carolina
Letter from William Blount to Richard Caswell
Blount, William, 1749-1800
March 01, 1786
Volume 18, Pages 553-554

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[From Executive Letter Book.]

Piney Grove, March 1st, 1786.


On the 11th day of November I had the honor to address a letter to your Excellency from Augusta informing you that the Creek Indians had not acceded to the proposition of the Continental Commissioners to meet them at Golphinton to form a treaty, which I presume you have received.

Since that period the Cherokees, Choctaws & Chickasaws have met them at Hopewell on Keeowee, and formed treaties very prejudicial to the State of North Carolina. That with the Cherokees was completed and signed November the 28th, a Copy of which is contained in the Book which you will receive herewith, as is every other necessary copy that respects either of the above mentioned treaties. I am not able to say the copy above mentioned is verbatim et literatim, as the only means I had to obtain it was to pen it down from the mouth of the Commissioners, when it was delivered to the Interpreters to be explained to the Indians, but you may rely that it is substantially a Copy of the Original. Those with the Choctaws and Chickasaws was signed on the 5th and 10th of January and are the same as the Cherokee treaty, except the third article, which establishes their respective Boundaries.

I thought it unnecessary to protest against the treaty with the Choctaws, because they claimed no part of the lands lying within the chartered limits of the State of North Carolina. The State of Georgia appointed three Agents to attend the treaties, to be held by the Continental Commissioners of which the present Governor was one, and they protested as well at Hopewell as at Golphinton, against the right of the Commissioners to treat with any Indians resident within the limits of their State. When I was honored with the appointment of Agent to attend the aforementioned treaties on the part of the State, it was then understood from the letters of the Continental Commissioners to you Excellency that the whole of them might and would probably be completed at so early a day, that I might attend them and return home in two months. The

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Council were pleased to advise the issuing a warrant on the Treasury in my favor as pay for my services as Agent, allowing me the same sum per day, that was allowed the Continental Commissioners by resolve of Congress. As they were not completed before the 10th of January I request your Excellency will be pleased to issue warrants in my favor, for such further Sum as will pay me, at the same allowance per day to the first day of February; the earliest day that I could possibly have reached home after the completion of the treaty on the 10th of January. If I had not been engaged in this business for the public, I should have been in Congress where my salary would have been nearly the same and the service much more agreeable.

The business of the State made it necessary for me to return via Charleston, and there to stay a few days as your Excellency will be informed in my report of my proceedings, as a Commissioner for holding a treaty with the Cherokees and thereby the present report has been delayed to this time.

I have the honor to be,
Your Excellency's mo. ob. Servt.,