Documenting the American South Logo
Colonial and State Records of North Carolina
Journal of William Tryon's journey to Hillsborough, including Tryon's and John Rutherford's orders to the militia
Tryon, William, 1729-1788; Rutherford, John, 1724-1782
June 20, 1768 - October 02, 1768
Volume 07, Pages 819-838

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[B. P. R. O. America and West Indies. Vol. 216.]

On the 20th of June Messrs Hunter and Howell laid before the Governor in Council an Address with several Papers from the Inhabitants of Orange County who stiled themselves regulators. The Governor's Letter of the 21st June from the Council Chamber at Brunswick is declarative of the sense of that Board: This Letter was delivered to James Hunter the same day.

On the 6th July the Governor arrived at Hillsborough and waited in daily expectation of hearing that the above letter had hushed the clamor of Faction as it pointed out the truest and most effectual measures to redress every grievance of which the Insurgents complained However the Governor hearing that unlawful Assemblies of men were still frequently held in the Neighbourhood of Hillsborough and that his letter was disregarded, he on the 1st of August sent the late Sheriff of Orange to a meeting of the Insurgents who assembled at one George Sally's recommending to them by letter No.––to pay their Taxes.

On the 3rd of August the late Sheriff returned and reported to the Governor that the People (assembled to the number of near four hundred) unanimously refused to pay any Taxes and generally declared they would kill any man who should dare to distrain for their Levies as appears by the Depositions of Tyree Harris and Ransom Southerland.

On the 5th of August Messrs John Low and James Hunter waited on the Governor at Hillsborough with a letter which they delivered to the Governor Vide Letter No. 17. The Governor told the Messengers that he would send an answer to the Letter they then delivered to him on Wednesday the 17th August before which time he hoped to be able to consult His Majesty's Council on the Occasion.

On the 10th of August intelligence was brought to the Governor that upwards of five hundred men were assembled at Peed's in the evening of the 9th of August and that more men were continually coming in to join this Body: That their intention seemed to be to come into Hillsborough the 12th instant and if the requisitions they should make to the Governor, were not complied with, they would

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then burn the Town, and take satisfaction their own way. The Governor then sent out several men to watch the motions of these Insurgents that he might be better informed if the above report was founded in reason. On the 11th of August at eleven at night an express came into Hillsborough, and informed the Governor that the Insurgents had advanced upwards of twenty miles nearer the Town, and had all rendezvoused at Simon Dixons within twenty miles of the Town, with a firm resolution of coming into Town the next day and to do mischief, and as a Testimony of such intentions, they gave notice to some families immediately to carry their wives and children out of Town. Upon this Confirmation of such wicked designs the Governor directed Colonel Fanning to provide expresses to send to as many Captains as he thought would be able to furnish any men the next day, for the preservation of the Town, and its Inhabitants. The Governor then sent written Orders to eight Captains of Companies to march in as many men as they possibly could the 12th instant. About evening of the 12th inst: Colonel Fanning mustered upwards of two hundred and fifty men about which time eight of the principal Insurgents came into Town to speak to the Governor; after they were introduced they told him they wished to have Peace settled in the County again, and if they could be satisfied all would be well—The Governor told them he had done his endeavors to satisfy them, as far as the Laws of the Country and his Duty to the King would permit him, and that he had pointed out to them the legal and most effectual measures to redress the Grievances of which they complained—They replied they wanted to have a settlement their own way, by the Register, Clerk of the County and Vestry, meeting a Committee of their Appointment for the stating all the County and Public Taxes—Such a conduct the Governor assured them was illegal, & would be attended with manifest inconvenience. That the Law was the only Channel to take cognizance of abuse in Office, and that if the Penalties were not found adequate to the nature of the Transgretion, the governor would give his aid to make the Laws more penal, but that he would never remain a calm spectator to see the Constitution of His Majesty's Government violated, and the Laws of his Country disobeyed—The Governor further told them that he had no objection to their seeing or obtaining Copies of the receipts or disbursements of the Church Wardens, or any information from the Public Officers of the County, or any other reasonable satisfaction, as it was a maxim of his Administration that there should be
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no secrets in any of the Public Offices of the Government. They then seemed better satisfied tho' they had not given the least satisfaction to the Governor They protested they had a great Difficulty, & for which they laboured very hard to persuade their men (as they called them) to go to their respective abodes before they had reeked their malice on the Town and Inhabitants of Hillsborough or words to that effect, after some other occasional discourse they withdrew.

On Saturday the 13th August the Governor held a Council on the present exigency of affairs, Vide Minutes and Journals, and the letter bearing date the 13th of August sent by the advice of the Council to the Inhabitants on the South side of Haw river. This Letter was delivered to Mr Lea Sheriff of Orange the 16th instant with Orders to deliver it as directed on the 17th at George Sally's where the people were to assemble by the Governor's appointment.

On the 17th of August the Governor left Hillsborough in Company with Colonel Palmer and on the 18th in the evening was met near the Town of Salisbury by a great many gentlemen who welcomed his arrival with expressions of great satisfaction.

Fryday 19th gave Orders for Provisions and drink for the men of the Rowan Regiment on the 26th (the day of the Review) in the evening left Salisbury and halted at Major Fifers in Mecklenburg County.

Saturday the 20th halted.

Sunday the 21st the Governor attended divine Service when Mr Luther (a swiss) tho' a dutch minister recommended with warmth a due obedience to the Laws of the Country, and a union of heart to support the Peace and Tranquility of the Province—In the evening information was brought to Mr Fifer that two men from Orange County was in his neighborhood spreading through the Inhabitants the sedition that prevailed in the South part of Orange County. This day ordered Colonel Alexander and Major Fifer to provide Provisions and drink for the men at the review of the Mecklenburg regiment of militia.

Monday 22nd the Governor left Major Fifer's and lay at Captain Polks.

Tuesday 23rd reviewed the regiment about 900 men—Some objections being started by the enemies of their Country, against taking an Association Oath, and night coming on, as the regiment did not assemble till the afternoon, the Governor was prevented from ascertaining what men would go as Volunteers, he therefore ordered all

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the Captains to wait on him at Major Fifer's on Saturday the 27th with their respective lists of volunteers, for which intent, he directed them to have private musters before that day. The Governor then returned to Captain Polks.

Wednesday the 24th the Governor left Captain Polks and took up his quarters at Major Fifers.

Thursday the 25th the Governor returned to Salisbury when Lieutenant Colonel Frohock delivered him a letter from those who stile themselves Regulators bearing date the 19th of August. The Governor directed Mr Montgomery to provide dinner for the Field Officers, Captains and Gentlemen attending the review. Colonel Osborn waited on the Governor to receive his Orders in the conducting the Review.

Fryday 26th August. Eleven companies of the Rowan regiment marched into Town before 12 o'clock when the Governor ordered all the Captains and Field Officers to repair to Mr Montgomery's where he communicated to them the transactions that had passed between him and the Insurgents, at the same time that he read the several correspondence between them, except the Insurgents first address to the Governor and the Papers that accompanied them, which the time would not permit him to do. However the Governor explained the full extent and purport of them. The Governor also laid before these gentlemen the great necessity of a strict union of every honest man and well wisher of his Country at a juncture when the calamities of a civil war were impending. Colonel Osborn then spoke warmly in support of Government and the Liberties and Properties of the Inhabitants, which he said was in great Danger if these Insurgents should be able to overturn Hillsborough Superior Court. He then read a letter from four dissenting ministers directed to their Brethren the Presbyterians, wherein the wicked conduct and practises of the Insurgents were sensibly touched upon, the support of Government earnestly recommended and enforced—vide letter.

The Officers then desired to have a Conference among themselves and retired to a private room. In less than an hour they waited on the Governor again, when Colonel Osborn in the name of the whole returned the Governor their hearty thanks for the trouble he had taken to preserve the Peace of this Province, and told him it was at the request of those gentlemen that he assured the Governor they would unanimously assist him in the cause in hand with their utmost efforts. The Governor then marched into the field to review

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the regiment; as he passed along the front of the regiment, he spoke to every Company explaining to them the danger this country was in from the rash, obstinate & violent Proceedings of the insurgents, and that if every honest man and man of property would not with fortitude stand up in support of their liberties and Properties, this Province would inevitably fall into a civil war. That he should have occasion for a body of men to preserve the Peace at the next Superiour Court of Hillsborough, which was threatened to be attempted under solemn Oath by the Insurgents—That for this service he should draft no men, but receive those only who turned out Volunteers That after the Battalion had fired and a Discharge of the Artillery The Governor should order all those who were willing to serve His Majesty King George and protect the Liberties of the Country to move out of their ranks and join His Majesty's union colours in the front of the regiment, accordingly as soon as the regiment had gone through their Fire by companies and the discharge of three pieces of artillery the Governor invited all His Majesty's Subjects, friends to the Liberties & Properties of their Country, to join the King's colours and immediately quitted his horse, took the King's colours in his hand, inviting the Volunteers to turn out to them. The first Company that joined the union Colours was Captain Dobbins', upon which the Governor took Captain Dobbins' Colours (each Company having a pair of Colours) and delivered the King's Colours into the hands of the ensign of that Company; congratulating Capt: Dobbins (who had been in service) on the honour he had obtained and merited. Other Companies immediately followed the first and in a few moments there was but one Company in the Field that declined turning out the Captain of which however honorably quitted his Company and joined the Kings Colours. Each Company as it joined the Colours was saluted with three huzzas and the whole with a discharge of the Swivel guns after which the men joined again in a battalion grounded their arms, went to the right about, and marched to refresh themselves with the Provisions His Excellency had provided for them. They were ordered to stand to their arms, when each man in the ranks had a drink of either Beer or Tody, to His Majesty's health and prosperity to North Carolina—It is to be observed that one Company (Captain Knoxes) did not turn out to join His Majesty's Colours as Volunteers but remained in their ranks and afterwards without partaking of the refreshments provided, marched out of the Field carrying that
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shame and disgrace with them, and the just contempt of the Regiment, which their conduct apparently incurred. The Battalion was then dismissed, and the Field Officers, Captains and Gentlemen waited on the Governor to dinner, where the health of His Majesty and the Royal Family, Prosperity to the Province and success to the Rowan and Mecklenburg Volunteers were drank. Before the Company broke up, the Governor acquainted Colonel Osborn in the presence of Captain Dobbins, and the rest of the Officers that he presented His Majesty's Colours to the Rowan Regiment of Militia, as an honorable Testimony of the loyalty of that Regiment and of the spirit they testified in turning out as Volunteers in the service of their King and Country and that in consideration of Captain Dobbins and his Company first joining the Union Colours, His Excellency desired and requested that Captain Dobbins Company might always carry and bring out of the Field the King's Colours and that the Ensign of the said Company should always carry those Colours whenever brought into the field. This mark of honorable distinction was gratefully received by the whole Company, particularly by Capt: Dobbins—The evening closed with great mirth and Harmony—This evening Mr Young and another gentleman, waited on the Governor from Captain Knoxe's Company, and in the name of the whole Company informed him they wished he might not take any umbrage by reason that Captain Knoxes Company did not turn out as Volunteers, that it arose not from disaffection to His Majesty's Government, or want of affection for the Liberties of their Country, but merely from a misunderstanding, as they believed of what the Governor had declared to them at the head of the Regiment, that they really understood that he said, that all who did not turn out as Volunteers should be considered as Regulators; that many of them being unable from various accounts and circumstances to march to Hillsborough; they esteemed it would have been dishonorable to have offered themselves as Volunteers, and afterwards declined going, and that upon that account they judged it most expedient to remain in their ranks. The Governor assured them their conduct had made a deep impression on his mind, as he considered the appearance of their conduct, carried the strongest marks of Disaffection both to their King and Country: That however in consideration of their apology he was willing to receive it, as a satisfaction, provided they produced a good list of Volunteers out of their Company, at the times the Captains of the Regiment
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were to return to His Excellency the returns of their Volunteers and that if their future Conduct and Actions demonstrated Principles different from the appearances of that Day—They then in Company with Lieutenant Colonel Frohock quitted His Excellency seemingly greatly satisfied.

Saturday the 27th—The Governor ordered Mr Montgomery to provide Flower and Beeves to accompany the Rowan Volunteers to Hillsborough and to furnish waggons, ammunition &c The Governor also appointed the Captains of the Rowan Regiment to meet him at Salisbury the 3rd of September with their respective lists of Volunteers. In the evening he set out for Martin Fifers where he met the Colonel and Captains of the Mecklenburg Regiment who produced their respective lists of Volunteers, amounting to upwards of three hundred men, which number the Captains had reason to believe would be greatly increased before the day of March. The Governor desired the Colonel and Captains would meet him again on Fryday the second of September at Lieutenant Colonel Moses Alexanders.

Sunday and Monday the 28th and 29th The Governor halted at Major Fifer's.

Tuesday 30th The Governor accompanied by Colonel Palmer and Mr Fifer went to see where the Commissioners left off the Line that they run in 1746 between His Majesty and Earl Granville's District and found four Trees standing in a square Form marked with Notches and Blases, and on one of them the Letters G. R. These Trees were about five or six hundred yards to the Eastward of Cold Water Creek, and terminates upon the old Western Indian Path, upon the Eastern Bank of Cold Water, on a large (Gum it is thought to be) Tree the Letters W. C. (for William Churton) 1756 is marked. This Tree stands in the same direction with those Trees above described at five or six hundred yards distance from them.

Wednesday 31st. The Governor waited on Capt Barringer, a beautiful Plantation and skilfully managed particularly the meadow Land which produced excellent hay.

Thursday September 1st. Governor waited on Colonel Harris where he was hospitably entertained, this Plantation affords the most cheerful and extensive view at present in the County of Mecklenburg. In the evening the Governor went to Colonel Moses Alexanders.

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Fryday 2nd September. Colonel Moses Alexander entered into bond to furnish Provisions and Waggons for the Mecklenburg Volunteers—The Governor sent a letter to Colonel Harris directing the Number of men and the time of March for the Mecklenburg Volunteers. The Captains of the said Regiment dined with the Governor this day, where every necessary instruction was given to them for the assembling and marching of their men from Major Fifer's the 12th instant. The Governor also informed Colonel Alexander what waggons and Provisions would be wanted to march with this Detachment. Two Waggons the Governor ordered from Major Fifer and Captain Polk to carry Liquors, This evening the Governor returned to Major Fifers.

Saturday 3rd September. The Governor gave Orders for 350 Haversacks to be made for the Volunteer Blues and as many blue Cockades. Set out about nine o'clock for Salisbury where he dined in Company with the Lieutenant Colonel and several Captains of the Rowan Regiment of Militia—To whom he gave similar Orders & Instructions to those he gave to the Mecklenburg Regiment, excepting that the March of the Rowan detachment, was fixed for Tuesday the 13th inst.

Sunday 4th September, 1768. Halted at Salisbury.

Monday 5th September. Remained at Salisbury. This evening Mr Henderson, Associate Judge, informed the Governor that the whole Body of Militia of Granville County was ready to march in support of Government. This day the Govr received a letter from Mr Hendrie, one of the Leaders of the Insurgents acknowledging the error of his Proceedings and requesting forgiveness for his conduct in the Disturbances. This Day Colo Osborn received his Orders for the march of the Rowan Detachment of Militia on the 13th instant.

Tuesday 6th September. The Governor remained, not well, at Salisbury.

Wednesday 7th September. The Governor set out for Mr Fifers where he halted the 8th 9th 10th and 11th.

Monday 12th. The Governor after viewing the Mecklenburg Battalion on their march proceeded to Salisbury.

Tuesday 13th. The Mecklenburg Battalion at 11 o'clock in the morning marched through Salisbury in two Ranks by files in great order, with two pieces of Artillery in front, and the train of nine waggons in the rear. At three in the afternoon the Rowan Battalion

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marched out of Town in the same Order as the Mecklenburg with seven waggons, both Battalions encamped on the banks of the Yadkin seven miles from Salisbury.

Wednesday 14th September. The Brigade marched about twelve miles and encamped at Frohock Camp.

Thursday 15th. Marched to Union Camp about 20 miles. On this day's march four of the Insurgents put a letter into the Governor's hand No.—requiring him to turn back the Cattle that was driving for the use of the Troops. The Governor assured them he should take care to strengthen the guard on the Cattle, and that if any number of men dared to interrupt their March they should do it at their Peril.

Friday 16th September. Marched to Deep River Camp about 21 miles.

Saturday 17th. Marched to Alamance Camp, here the Governor was taken ill.

Sunday 18th. Marched 20 miles to Capt: Holt's and encamped.

Monday 19th. Crossed Haw River and marched the Brigade twenty two miles into Hillsborough, without the least interruption, tho' the last three days march they went through the heart of the Settlement of the Insurgents—This Day took up two Insurgents Prisoners and confined them in Gaol.

Tuesday 20th. The Brigade employed in building huts, having no Tents.

Wednesday 21st. The Battalion from the Orange and Granville Militia marched into Town in good order and the whole Army encamped this evening near the Town.

Thursday 22d. A body of upwards of eight hundred Insurgents formed from the Counties of Anson, Rowan and Orange came at daybreak within less than a mile of the town and sent a letter to the Governor No—to which the Governor sent the conditions he expected they would comply with No—Upon the receipt of which they were much divided in their Counsels and desired till next morning to give in their answer which was granted.

Fryday 23d. The Insurgents not agreeing better in their opinions than on the preceding evening the greatest Body dispersed to their respective homes. Near thirty came and delivered up their Arms to the Troops, after which they never again appeared in any number.

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Saturday the 24th. The Governor was obliged by the increase of his illness to give the Command of the Army to Lieutenant General Rutherford, after which no messages was brought to him.

The Union Brigade remained in this Camp till the Superior Court ended and marched from Hillsborough the second of October in their route to Salisbury.


Orders of His Excellency for the Troops under Orders to march to Hillsborough.

Salisbury 13th September 1768. Parole King George.

The Detachments from Rowan and Mecklenburg regiments of Militia to form two Battalions and when joined to form one Brigade. Colonel Osborn to command the Rowan Battalion which will take the right of the Line—Colonel Harris to command the Mecklenburg Battalion and to take the left of the line.

The two Battalions to rendezvous and encamp together to morrow about ten miles to the eastward of the Yadkin river.

When the Troops are joined in Brigade the Battalions to keep a distance between each other to make room for the King's Colours which will be carried every day of march alternately by an ensign of the two Battalions & escorted by a Sergeant and ten men. All the Artillery to march behind the Kings Colours & under an escort of the same number of men. The Battalion that furnishes the Ensign for the King's Colours will furnish the said Escorts.

A Captain and fifty men with Officers in proportion to mount guard with the King's Colours at His Excellencys Quarters every day on their arrival in camp and remain there until the Brigade marches again. As this is a guard of Honor to begin with the Rowan Battalion.

The Baggage Waggons of the whole will march in the rear of the Brigade, and encamp in the rear, or near the center of the Brigade as the ground will permit. The Artillery to encamp as near as possible in the center of the Front of the Brigade.

A Sergeant and twelve men always to march at the head of the column as an advance Guard and an Officer and twenty men to be dispersed on the Flanks of each Battalion to prevent surprise on the march.

The Captain and fifty men that are on guard at His Excellency's quarters the day the Troops march will march on the Flanks and rear of the Baggage as the Baggage guard.

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A Sergeant and twelve men to march on the Cattle that are drove for the use of the Brigade.

The Officers to march constantly with their men, the Captains at their head, the Lieutenants in the rear and the ensigns on the flanks of their respective Companies.

The Colours of the Companies to be always in the center of the Companies.

His Excellency appoints the following Staff Officers for the forces, viz.

The honble Robert Palmer Adjutant General and to rank as Colonel.

Robert Howe Esqre Major of Brigade and to rank as Colonel.

Captain Collett and Mr Edwards Aid De Camps to His Excellency.

Anthony Newman Surgeon General to the Forces & Dominicus Hawk Surgeon to the Mecklenburg Battalion.

Mr Montgomery Commissary to the Provisions and ammunition for the Rowan Battalion, and Lieutenant Colonel Moses Alexander Commissary for the Mecklenburg Battalion—The Commissaries to furnish the Troops with one ration of Provisions per day, each ration one pound of flour and one pound and a half of fresh meat.

The Commissaries will also furnish the men of their respective Battalions with one pound of lead and half a pound of powder as soon as they arrive in Camp to morrow.

Maurice Moore Esqre is appointed Colonel Commandant (with the rank of Colonel) of a Troop of Gentlemen Volunteer Light Dragoons. This Troop to encamp on the right of the Brigade and to lead the column on the march.

The above Orders to be read at the head of each Company as soon as received.

Frohock Camp, Wednesday 14th Septr 1768.

One days Provisions to be delivered to the Troops immediately—

The General to beat tomorrow morning at 4 o'clock, the Assembly at six and the Troops to march off immediately after—The Mecklenburg Battalion to lead the column.

Union Camp, Thursday 15th Septr 1768.

The Commissaries to deliver one days Provision to the Troops—The Commissary for the Mecklenburg Battalion will furnish His

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Excellency, Staff Officers and Servants with Provisions, taking Mr Edwards' receipt for the rations as delivered. The Commissary for the Rowan Battalion to furnish Colonel Moore's Troop of Light Dragoons and Servants with Provisions, taking Mr Clark's receipt for the rations delivered, which Gentleman Colonel Moore has appointed his Aid de Camp.

Lewis Coffer is appointed Quarter Master to the Rowan Battalion and William Bedford Quarter Master to the Mecklenburg Battalion, Barnaby Gwin Sergeant Major to the Rowan Battalion & John Wilson Sergeant Major to the Mecklenburg Battalion.

At Gun firing this evening the retreat will be beat by the Drummers who will assemble in the center of the Brigade a quarter of an hour before sun set.

The General to beat at 4 o'clock the Assembly at six when the Troops are to be in readiness to march.

Deep River Camp, Fryday 16th Sept: 1768.

The Guard upon His Excellency's Quarters and camp guards to be furnished by the Mecklenburg Battalion and to mount as usual.

The Captain of each Company to inspect the Arms and Ammunition of the men and to see that the lead that was delivered to them is run into bullets of a proper size for their rifles. As this is an essential duty the Governor recommends it to them to observe it with great punctuality, and make report to-morrow morning of the condition of the Arms and Ammunition to the commanding Officers of their respective regiments who will make report of the same to His Excellency to-morrow morning before the Troops march. One days provisions to be delivered to the Troops as soon as they arrive in camp.

The Troops to march to-morrow morning, the General to beat at 4 o'clock the Assembly at six and the Troops to march off immediately after.

Alamance Camp, Saturday 17th Septr 1768.

The Captains to return a list of the names of the Officers and men of their respective Companies tomorrow morning to the commanding Officers of the Battalions who will return a complete list thereof to His Excellency on Monday morning next.

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One days Provisions to be delivered to the Troops immediately—The Troops to march to morrow morning, the General to beat at 4 o'clock the Assembly at six and the Forces to march off immediately after.

Holt Camp, Sunday 18th Septr 1768.

If any suspected Persons be found lurking in or about the Camp they are to be taken up and carried before the commanding Officer of the Brigade to be examined and if found to be disturbers of the Public Peace to be detained until report is made thereof to the Governor.

If any soldier shall detect any man stealing a horse belonging to the Camp he shall receive ten dollars reward, and if any soldier shall detect any Person attempting to drive off a horse or horses belonging to the Camp he shall receive three Dollars reward on the Persons being convicted by the sentence of a Court Martial, he being subject to martial Law as a follower of the Camp.

Headquarters—Captain Holts.

A Lieutenant Ensign and twenty men with the Kings Colours will mount guard at Headquarters this evening as soon as retreat is beat.

One days Provisions to be delivered to the Troops immediately—The General to beat to morrow morning at 4 o'clock the Assembly at five and the Troops to march off immediately after. These Orders to be read by an Officer at the Head of each Company as soon as retreat is beat, when the men will assemble without arms behind the Colours of the respective Companies.

Enoe Camp, Monday 19th Septr 1768.
Parole—Cape Fear.

The Troops to be held in readiness to march to morrow morning and to wait for Orders. One days Provisions to be delivered to the Troops immediately.

The Prisoners to be strictly guarded.

Hillsborough Camp, Tuesday 20th Septr 1768.

The honble John Rutherford, Lewis Henry De Rossett, John Sampson, Robert Palmer, Benjamin Heron, and Samuel Strudwick

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Esquires are appointed Lieutenants General and John Ashe Esq. Major General to the Army. One days Provisions to be delivered out to the men.

Two Captains, two Lieutenants, two Ensigns and one hundred men with non commissioned Officers in proportion to march into Town this evening as a Town Guard. The Court House and Market House to be the guard rooms. The Major of the Brigade to post the centries in & around the Town as it is found necessary. A Cannon to be kept loaded both in Town and in Camp & to be fired in case of an alarm, The firing of either of which guns will be a signal for the Troops immediately to get under arms and wait for Orders.

Hillsborough Camp, Wednesday 21st September 1768.

One days Provisions to be delivered out to the men.

No Person to come into Town with Arms without leave of the commanding Officer.

The List of the names of the Officers and men of the Rowan, Mecklenburg, Orange & Granville Battalions and train of Artillery to be delivered in immediately by the several Colonels to His Excellency. As soon as the lists of men are delivered in they are to be paraded and mustered every morning and evening. No Provisions in quantities to be suffered to be sent out of Town. Centries to be placed to prevent the soldiers going into Tipling Houses.

Hillsborough Camp, Thursday 22nd September 1768.

The Detachments from Orange and Granville Regiments of Militia to form each a Battalion and to join and form one Brigade. Colo Fanning to command the Orange Battalion which will take the right and Colonel Harris to command the Granville Battalion which will take the left of the Brigade. The two Brigades to form one Line; The Orange and Granville Brigade to take the right and the Rowan & Mecklenburg Brigade to take the left of the Line.

Officers appointed by His Excellency, Colonel Thos Lloyd to the rank of Major General in the Army. James Moore Esqre is appointed to command (with the rank of Colonel) all the Artillery & Artillery Company of Volunteers. Robert Schaw Esqre to be Lieutenant

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Colonel to the said Artillery. Samuel Swann junr Esqr Captain and——and——first and second Lieutenants to the Corps of Artillery.

The Distribution of the General Officers in the LIne. Lieutenants General The honble John Rutherford, John Sampson and Benjamin Heron Esqrs and Thos Lloyd Esqr Major General, to take post at the head of the right wing or Orange Brigade. Lieutenants General The honble Lewis Henry DeRossett and Samuel Strudwick Esquires and Major General John Ashe to take post at the head of the left wing or Union Brigade. Lieutenant General Rutherford to command the right wing and Lieutenant General DeRossett the left wing of the Line.

A Council of War to be held at 4 o'clock to which all General and Field Officers who are in Town or Camp are to be immediately summoned to attend at the head quarters. All Members of Assembly in Town or Camp are desired to give their attendance at the Council of War. [See proceedings, page 840.—Editor.] Provisions to be delivered as usual till further Orders.

Alexander Lillington Esqre is appointed Colonel Commandant (with the rank of Colonel) of a Company of Light Infantry. Abner Nash Esqre is appointed Major of Brigade (with the rank of Colonel) of the Orange Brigade.

Hillsborough Camp, Fryday 23rd September 1768.

Dispositions for the security of the Town and Camp. A Captain and fifty men to mount guard at the Market House and to be relieved every morning at 8 o'clock by the same number. This Post to furnish all the necessary centries in the Town especially at the Avenues of the Streets and at the Prison, also to send Patroles of a Sergeant and four men every hour through the night to observe if the Centries belonging to the guard are alert, and to visit the Taverns and turn out all soldiers that are drinking there after retreat beating, and send them to their camp or quarters.

Any persons creating any disturbances in the streets are to be taken up and carried to the Guard room. An Officer and twenty men to take post at Fort Collet and an Ensign and fifteen men to take post in Mr Nash's Mill. A Captain & thirty men to be posted on the road at the West end of the Town and to furnish six Centries on their Front and Flanks. A Lieutenant and twenty men to be posted on the road at the east end of the Town. The Officers on

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each Post to make two rounds in the night between evening and morning. In case of alarm each guard to be immediately under arms and if attacked to send word to the Adjutant General at Head Quarters and defend themselves the best they can till they receive succour.

On the firing of the alarm gun the Troops to get immediately under arms and if time will permit before they receive orders to march, each Captain to inspect if the arms of His Company are loaded and if their men have got powder and bullets enough for twelve rounds at least. If any deficiency of ammunition they will send for a supply from Colonel Moore, Commandant of the Artillery.

His Excellency takes this opportunity of thanking the Officers and men of the Army for the alertness and spirit with which they turned out last night on the firing of the alarm gun and recommends that the profoundest silence should be observed by the men on any future like occasion, and is sorry his indisposition prevents his thanking them in person.

Alarm Posts for the Army.

The Troops in Camp to form in the Front of their Brigades.

Colonel Moore's Light Dragoons and Colonel Lillingtons Light Infantry, in King's Street Opposite Headquarters.

Colonel James Moore's Company and Artillery at the Market House.

The Town Company in Church Street near the Court House.

In case of an alarm an Officer from each Corps in the Regiment to repair to Headquarters for Orders and the troops when they move to march without beat of drum.

Hillsborough Camp, Saturday 24th Septr 1768.

His Excellency appoints Lieutenant General John Rutherford to the command of the Army until his health will permit him to appear abroad.


Lieutenant General Rutherfords Orders

It is ordered that Mr Suter preach to morrow to the Rowan and Mecklenburg Battalions, & desired that the Reverend Mr Micklejohn preach to the Orange and Granville Battalions—Service to begin at 11 o'clock.

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The disposition of the Troops the same as last night and the same general Orders to be observed. One Days Provisions to be delivered to the men.

Hillsborough Camp, Sunday 25th Septr 1768.

It is ordered that the Reverend Mr Micklejohn and Mr Pattilo have thanks for the sermons preached to the Troops.

Ordered that a regular succession of Patroles go round the whole line of Centinels every half hour. A Sergeant and six men to visit all the Public Houses and order all soldiers to their quarters, and forbid the sale of liquors that the decency may be observed the day demands. The Adjutant of each Corps to attend the Adjutant General by three o'clock in the afternoon to receive the orders of the day. The Officers of the main guard to report to the commanding Officer the number of his Prisoners, their offences and what time they have been in confinement.

Hillsborough Camp, Monday 26th Septr 1768.

The same disposition of the Troops as yesterday. One days Provisions to be delivered to the men immediately.

It is ordered that the Commissaries by 12 o'clock deliver to the Adjutant General an account of the expence of the Provisions since the commencement of the service to that time, and also the quantity of flower, bisket and beef now remaining.

Ordered that the Army Parade tomorrow in the Fields at the west end of the town on the firing of the morning gun, the main guard excepted. Any person who occasions a false alarm by wantonly firing his piece shall be severely punished.

Hillsborough Camp, Tuesday 27th Septr 1768.

The same dispositions of the Troops as before. One days Provisions to be delivered immediately.

It is ordered that the Troops parade tomorrow immediately after firing the morning gun, in the main street. Ordered that the several Adjutants attend the Adjutant General every afternoon at 4 o'clock to receive Orders.

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Hillsborough Camp, Wednesday 28th Septr 1768.

It is ordered the Rowan and Mecklenburg Brigade do the duty of the main guard and the Orange regiment the Artillery Guard, also that they furnish Centinels as the preceding night.

His Excellency sent Orders to direct the discharge of the Battalion from the Granville regiment of Militia and also one half of the Battalion from the Orange regiment and desired his thanks to be given to the whole Army for the steady, spirited and very attentive manner they have performed duty since on this service.

It is ordered that returns be immediately made to the Adjutant General from the Orange and Granville regiments before, and after, the discharges above mentioned are made.

The Officers and Soldiers of the Rowan and Mecklenburg Brigade wrote to the Adjutant General and Major of Brigade desiring them in their behalf to wait on His Excellency and in the most dutiful and respectful Terms to express their happiness and entire satisfaction in having received this day His Excellency's thanks for their behaviour since they have been employed on this service, adding their most ardent wishes for His Excellency's speedy recovery.

One Days Provisions to be delivered to the Troops.

Hillsborough Camp, Thursday 29th Septr 1768.

One days Provisions to be delivered to the Troops immediately.

His Excellency desires to return His thanks to the Rowan and Mecklenburg Brigade for their kind wishes for the establishment of his health, and the Lieutenant General has the happiness to inform the Officers and Soldiers of His Excellency being something better in his health and that there is great reason to hope for his recovery, tho' reduced extremely low by the severity of his Disorder.

Hillsborough Camp, Fryday 30th Septr 1768.

One Days Provisions to be delivered to the Troops immediately.

It is ordered that the Rowan and Mecklenburg Brigade be supplied with half a pound of powder and one pound of lead to each man from the Artillery Stores and Magazine.

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His Excellency sent orders to discharge the remaining part of the Orange Battalion this day.

Ordered that the Rowan and Mecklenburg Brigade do the duty of the Artillery Guard.

It is ordered by His Excellency that the Union Brigade hold themselves in readiness to march by 12 o'clock to morrow if required.

Hillsborough Camp, Saturday 1st October 1768.

One days Provisions to be delivered to the men immediately.

The Union Brigade to parade in the main street to be reviewed by his Excellency at 12 o'clock.

Hillsborough Camp, Sunday 2d 1768.

One days Provisions to be delivered to the men immediately.

The Union Brigade to march to morrow morning under the Command of Colonel Osborn towards Salisbury in the same Order they marched to Hillsborough.

The General to beat at six o'clock the Assembly at eight and the Troops to march off immediately after. The Brigade will take back but three of the swivel guns.

His Excellency returns both the Officers and men of the Army his grateful and unfeigned thanks for the patient and persevering conduct with which they have supported Government, Their own honor and the credit of his administration, as by their spirited behaviour, they have greatly contributed to the dispersing of the riotters, and in bringing them to a submission to Government and a sense of their Error. These measures being happily effected, it is his Excellency's pleasure that Colonel Osborn carry a Proclamation of Pardon, with a few exceptions, for the Insurgents, which Colo Osborn will read at the head of the Brigade at Salisbury, and afterwards affix it up at the Court House door.

The Troops may rest assured that His Excellency will take the first opportunity of moving the Assembly for the immediate payment of the money due to them for their service, therefore directs the commanding Officers of each Corps to make out fair estimates of their time of service agreeable to that allowed to the officers and men on the Cherokee Expedition, to be delivered to the Adjutant

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General at Newbern the third day of November, in order that His Excellency may lay them before the General Assembly.

The Commissaries of the Army also, and all others having any claim on the Public for services on this Expedition, are directed to make out their Accounts to be delivered at the same time to the Adjutant General.

The Waggons to keep close up with the Brigade, and such as are empty to serve as hospital Waggons to assist the sick.